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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642678/a-cold-blooded-view-on-adult-neurogenesis
#1
REVIEW
Anabel R Simões, Christa Rhiner
During brain development, highly complex and interconnected neural circuits are established. This intricate wiring needs to be robust to faithfully perform adult brain function throughout life, but at the same time offer room for plasticity to integrate new information. In the mammalian brain, adult-born neurons are produced in restricted niches harboring neural stem cells. In the fruit fly Drosophila, low-level adult neurogenesis arising from a dispersed population of neural progenitors has recently been detected in the optic lobes...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607430/liraglutide-improves-liver-microvascular-dysfunction-in-cirrhosis-evidence-from-translational-studies
#2
Fernanda Cristina de Mesquita, Sergi Guixé-Muntet, Anabel Fernández-Iglesias, Raquel Maeso-Díaz, Sergi Vila, Diana Hide, Martí Ortega-Ribera, José Luís Rosa, Juan Carlos García-Pagán, Jaime Bosch, Jarbas Rodrigues de Oliveira, Jordi Gracia-Sancho
Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) play a key role in the development of chronic liver disease (CLD). Liraglutide, well-established in type 2 diabetes, showed anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. We evaluated the effects of liraglutide on HSC phenotype and hepatic microvascular function using diverse pre-clinical models of CLD. Human and rat HSC were in vitro treated with liraglutide, or vehicle, and their phenotype, viability and proliferation were evaluated. In addition, liraglutide or vehicle was administered to rats with CLD...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586291/evaluation-of-the-utility-of-screening-mammography-for-high-risk-women-undergoing-screening-breast-mr-imaging
#3
Glen Lo, Anabel M Scaranelo, Hana Aboras, Sandeep Ghai, Supriya Kulkarni, Rachel Fleming, Karina Bukhanov, Pavel Crystal
Purpose To evaluate the value of mammography in detecting breast cancer in high-risk women undergoing screening breast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Materials and Methods An ethics-approved, retrospective review of prospective databases was performed to identify outcomes of 3934 screening studies (1977 screening MR imaging examinations and 1957 screening mammograms) performed between January 2012 and July 2014 in 1249 high-risk women. Performance measures including recall and cancer detection rates, sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive values were calculated for both mammography and MR imaging...
June 6, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574454/gene-diet-interactions-in-type-2-diabetes-the-chicken-and-egg-debate
#4
REVIEW
Ángeles Ortega, Genoveva Berná, Anabel Rojas, Franz Martín, Bernat Soria
Consistent evidence from both experimental and human studies indicates that Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex disease resulting from the interaction of genetic, epigenetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Nutrients and dietary patterns are important environmental factors to consider in the prevention, development and treatment of this disease. Nutritional genomics focuses on the interaction between bioactive food components and the genome and includes studies of nutrigenetics, nutrigenomics and epigenetic modifications caused by nutrients...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572489/head-to-head-comparison-of-chest-x-ray-head-and-neck-mri-chest-ct-head-and-neck-mri-and-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-for-detection-of-distant-metastases-and-synchronous-cancer-in-oral-pharyngeal-and-laryngeal-cancer
#5
Max Rohde, Anne L Nielsen, Jørgen Johansen, Jens A Sørensen, Anabel Diaz, Jon T Asmussen, Mie K Nielsen, Anders Thomassen, Janus M Christiansen, Nina Nguyen, Oke Gerke, Abass Alavi, Poul Flemming Høilund-Carlsen, Christian Godballe
Purpose: To determine the detection rate of distant metastasis and synchronous cancer comparing clinically used imaging strategies based on a) chest X-ray + head and neck magnetic resonance imaging (CXR/MRI) and b) chest computed tomography + head and neck MRI (CHCT/MRI) to c) (18)F-fluoro-deoxy-glucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) upfront in the diagnostic work-up of patients with oral, pharyngeal, or laryngeal cancer. Methods: A prospective cohort study based on paired data. Consecutive patients with histologically verified primary head and squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) at Odense University Hospital from September 2013 to March 2016 were offered participation...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568891/oncolytic-maraba-virus-mg1-as-a-treatment-for-sarcoma
#6
Fabrice Le Boeuf, Mohammed Selman, Hwan Hee Son, Anabel Bergeron, Andrew Chen, Jovian Tsang, Derek Butterwick, Rozanne Arulanandam, Nicole E Forbes, Fanny Tzelepis, John C Bell, Joel Werier, Hesham Abdelbary, Jean-Simon Diallo
The poor prognosis of patients with advanced bone and soft-tissue sarcoma has not changed in the past several decades, highlighting the necessity for new therapeutic approaches. Immunotherapies, including oncolytic viral (OV) therapy, have shown great promise in a number of clinical trials for a variety of tumor types. However, the effective application of OV in treating sarcoma still remains to be demonstrated. Although few pre-clinical studies using distinct OVs have been performed and demonstrated therapeutic benefit in sarcoma models, a side-by-side comparison of clinically relevant OV platforms has not been performed...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558507/how-nahn-nurses-advocate-and-lead-change
#7
Anabell Castro Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558497/nahn
#8
Anabell Castro Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555353/information-and-communications-technologies-health-projects-in-panama-a-systematic-review-and-their-relation-with-public-policies
#9
Gema Anabel Castillo Sánchez, Aranzazu Berbey, Isabel de la Torre-Díez, Miguel López-Coronado
This paper presents a review about Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) health projects in Panama. The main contribution is to provide a vision of the situation in Panama, allowing an understanding of the dynamics of health policies and how they have affected the implementation of ICT's Projects to improve the health of Panamanians. We analyze the projects found with ICT's in health of Panama, which allow us to see a perspective of projects information is obtained from 2000 to 2016, however it is important to highlight that there may be other projects that we do not know because we did not find enough information or evidence of the same...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544152/a-risk-adapted-approach-to-treating-respiratory-syncytial-virus-and-human-parainfluenza-virus-in-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-recipients-with-oral-ribavirin-therapy-a-pilot-study
#10
José Luis Piñana, Juan Carlos Hernández-Boluda, Marisa Calabuig, Isabel Ballester, Manuela Marín, Silvia Madrid, Anabel Teruel, María-José Terol, David Navarro, Carlos Solano
Here we report the applicability of a protocol based on clinical conditions and risk factors (RFs) for managing 35 allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients who developed a total of 52 episodes of respiratory viral infections (RVIs) caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV; n=19), human parainfluenza virus (HPIV; n=29), or both (n=4) over a 2-year study period. Risk categories were classified as high risk (cat-1) when the immunodeficiency scoring index) was ≥ 3 and/or ≥ 3 RFs and/or ≥ 1 co-infective virus(es) were present; the remaining cases were classified as low risk (cat-0)...
May 19, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539888/safety-and-immunogenicity-of-a-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-1-her1-based-vaccine-in-prostate-castration-resistant-carcinoma-patients-a-dose-escalation-phase-i-study-trial
#11
Iraida Caballero, Lazaro E Aira, Anabel Lavastida, Xitlally Popa, Javier Rivero, Joaquín González, Mónica Mesa, Narjara González, Kelly Coba, Patricia Lorenzo-Luaces, Barbara Wilkinson, Yuliannis Santiesteban, Yanela Santiesteban, Mayelin Troche, Eduardo Suarez, Tania Crombet, Belinda Sánchez, Angel Casacó, Amparo Macías, Zaima Mazorra
Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) remains incurable due to the lack of effective therapies. Activation of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 1 (HER1) in prostate cancer contributes to metastatic progression as well as to disease relapse. Here, we determined the toxicity and immunogenicity of a HER1-based cancer vaccine in CRPC patients included in a phase I clinical trial. CRPC patients (n = 24) were intramuscularly vaccinated with HER1 vaccine consisting of the extracellular domain of HER1 molecule (ECD) and very small size proteoliposome from Neisseria meningitidis (VSSP) and Montanide ISA-51 VG as adjuvants...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522646/mr-spectroscopy-of-hepatic-fat-and-adiponectin-and-leptin-levels-during-testosterone-therapy-in-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Line Velling Magnussen, Poul Erik Andersen, Anabel Diaz, Jelena Markovic Ostojic, Kurt Højlund, David M Hougaard, Anders Nymark Christensen, Torben Leo Nielsen, Marianne Skovsager Andersen
BACKGROUND: Men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) often have lowered testosterone levels and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Ectopic fat increases the risk of CVD, whereas subcutaneous gluteofemoral fat protects against CVD and has a beneficial adipokine secreting profile. HYPOTHESIS: Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) may reduce the content of ectopic fat and improve the adipokine profile in men with T2D. DESIGN AND METHODS: A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study in 39 men aged 50-70 years with T2D and bioavailable testosterone levels <7...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511347/mitochondrial-complex-i-deactivation-is-related-to-superoxide-production-in-acute-hypoxia
#13
Pablo Hernansanz-Agustín, Elena Ramos, Elisa Navarro, Esther Parada, Nuria Sánchez-López, Laura Peláez-Aguado, J Daniel Cabrera-García, Daniel Tello, Izaskun Buendia, Anabel Marina, Javier Egea, Manuela G López, Anna Bogdanova, Antonio Martínez-Ruiz
Mitochondria use oxygen as the final acceptor of the respiratory chain, but its incomplete reduction can also produce reactive oxygen species (ROS), especially superoxide. Acute hypoxia produces a superoxide burst in different cell types, but the triggering mechanism is still unknown. Herein, we show that complex I is involved in this superoxide burst under acute hypoxia in endothelial cells. We have also studied the possible mechanisms by which complex I could be involved in this burst, discarding reverse electron transport in complex I and the implication of PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1)...
August 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501735/dose-and-time-dependent-effects-of-mirtazapine-on-the-expression-of-cocaine-induced-behavioral-sensitization-in-rats
#14
Susana Barbosa-Méndez, Maura Matus-Ortega, Anabel Flores-Zamora, Noe Jurado, Alberto Salazar-Juárez
Relapse to cocaine use is a major problem in the clinical treatment of cocaine dependence. Antidepressant medications have been studied as potential therapeutic drugs to relieve a cocaine dependence disorder. Mirtazapine is an antidepressant implicated in reducing behavioral alterations induced by drugs of abuse. We have reported elsewhere that 30mg/kg mirtazapine administered for 30 days during cocaine extinction significantly attenuated the induction and expression of cocaine-induced locomotor sensitization and decreased the duration of the cocaine-induced locomotor effect...
May 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498954/cognitive-impairment-in-bipolar-disorder-treatment-and-prevention-strategies
#15
Brisa Sole, Esther Jimenez, Carla Torrent, Maria Reinares, Caterina Del Mar Bonnin, Imma Torres, Cristina Varo, Iria Grande, Elia Valls, Estela Salagre, Jose Sanchez-Moreno, Anabel Martinez-Aran, André F Carvalho, Eduard Vieta
Over the last decade there has been a growing appreciation of the importance of identifying and treating cognitive impairment associated with bipolar disorder (BD) since it persists in remission periods. Evidence indicates that neurocognitive dysfunction may significantly influence patients' psychosocial outcomes. An ever increasing body of research seeks to achieve a better understanding of potential moderators contributing to cognitive impairment in BD in order to develop prevention strategies and effective treatments...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494507/subepidermal-moisture-detection-of-pressure-induced-tissue-damage-on-the-trunk-the-pressure-ulcer-detection-pud-study-outcomes
#16
Barbara M Bates-Jensen, Heather E McCreath, Anabel Patlan
We examined the relationship between subepidermal moisture measured using surface electrical capacitance and visual skin assessment of pressure ulcers at the trunk location (sacral, ischial tuberosities) in 417 nursing home residents residing in 19 facilities. Participants were on average older (mean age of 77 years), 58% were female, over half were ethnic minorities (29% African American, 12% Asian American, and 21% Hispanic), and at risk for pressure ulcers (mean score for Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Ulcer Risk of 15...
May 11, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493563/nalmefene-prevents-alcohol-induced-neuroinflammation-and-alcohol-drinking-preference-in-adolescent-female-mice-role-of-tlr4
#17
Jorge Montesinos, Anabel Gil, Consuelo Guerri
BACKGROUND: We previously showed that, by activating innate immune receptors toll-like 4 (TLR4), adolescent intermittent ethanol exposure causes neuroinflammation, myelin damage and behavioral dysfunctions. Recent findings reveal that clinically-used opioid antagonists naltrexone (NT) and naloxone (NX) inhibit opioid-induced TLR4 signaling, and that NT, NX and nalmefene (NF), the 6-methylene derivative of NX, are able to reduce alcohol drinking escalation. METHODS: NF (0...
May 11, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484458/use-of-lentiviral-particles-as-a-cell-membrane-based-mfasl-delivery-system-for-in-vivo-treatment-of-inflammatory-arthritis
#18
José M Rodríguez-Frade, Anabel Guedán, Pilar Lucas, Laura Martínez-Muñoz, Ricardo Villares, Gabriel Criado, Dimitri Balomenos, Hugh T Reyburn, Mario Mellado
During budding, lentiviral particles (LVP) incorporate cell membrane proteins in the viral envelope. We explored the possibility of harnessing this process to generate LVP-expressing membrane proteins of therapeutic interest and studied the potential of these tools to treat different pathologies. Fas-mediated apoptosis is central to the maintenance of T cell homeostasis and prevention of autoimmune processes. We prepared LVP that express murine FasL on their surface. Our data indicate that mFasL-bearing LVP induce caspase 3 and 9 processing, cytochrome C release, and significantly more cell death than control LVP in vitro...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475588/widespread-position-specific-conservation-of-synonymous-rare-codons-within-coding-sequences
#19
Julie L Chaney, Aaron Steele, Rory Carmichael, Anabel Rodriguez, Alicia T Specht, Kim Ngo, Jun Li, Scott Emrich, Patricia L Clark
Synonymous rare codons are considered to be sub-optimal for gene expression because they are translated more slowly than common codons. Yet surprisingly, many protein coding sequences include large clusters of synonymous rare codons. Rare codons at the 5' terminus of coding sequences have been shown to increase translational efficiency. Although a general functional role for synonymous rare codons farther within coding sequences has not yet been established, several recent reports have identified rare-to-common synonymous codon substitutions that impair folding of the encoded protein...
May 5, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471381/galectin-3-in-peripheral-artery-disease-relationships-with-markers-of-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation
#20
Isabel Fort-Gallifa, Anna Hernández-Aguilera, Anabel García-Heredia, Noemí Cabré, Fedra Luciano-Mateo, Josep M Simó, Vicente Martín-Paredero, Jordi Camps, Jorge Joven
Galectin-3 is a modulator of oxidative stress, inflammation, and fibrogenesis involved in the pathogenesis of vascular diseases. The present study sought to characterize, in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD), the localization of galectin-3 in arterial tissue, and to analyze the relationships between the circulating levels of galectin-3 and oxidative stress and inflammation. It also sought to compare the diagnostic accuracy of galectin-3 with that of other biochemical markers of this disease. We analyzed femoral or popliteal arteries from 50 PAD patients, and four control arteries...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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