keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Facilitated positional release

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433506/heifers-express-g-protein-coupled-receptor-61-in-anterior-pituitary-gonadotrophs-in-stage-dependent-manner
#1
Kiran Pandey, Onalenna Kereilwe, Vitaliano Borromeo, Hiroya Kadokawa
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptors (GnRHRs) colocalize with insulin and glucocorticoid receptors in lipid rafts of the gonadotroph plasma membrane, where they facilitate downstream signaling. We recently found that orphan G-protein-coupled receptor (GPR)61 is expressed in the anterior pituitary (AP) of heifers, leading us to speculate that GPR61 colocalizes with GnRHR in the plasma membrane of gonadotroph and is expressed at specific times of the reproductive cycle. To test this hypothesis, we examined the coexpression of GnRHR, GPR61, and either luteinizing hormone (LH) β subunit or follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) β subunit in AP tissue and cultured AP cells by immunofluorescence microscopy...
April 4, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428618/pulmonary-delivery-of-triptolide-loaded-liposomes-decorated-with-anti-carbonic-anhydrase-ix-antibody-for-lung-cancer-therapy
#2
Congcong Lin, Blenda Chi Kwan Wong, Hubiao Chen, Zhaoxiang Bian, Ge Zhang, Xue Zhang, Muhammad Kashif Riaz, Deependra Tyagi, Ge Lin, Yanbo Zhang, Jinjin Wang, Aiping Lu, Zhijun Yang
Antibody-decorated liposomes can facilitate the precise delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs to the lung by targeting a recognition factor present on the surface of lung tumor cells. Carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) is an enzyme expressed on the surface of lung cancer cells with a restricted expression in normal lungs. Here, we explored the utility of anti-carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) antibody, conjugated to the surface of triptolide (TPL)-loaded liposomes (CA IX-TPL-Lips), to promote the therapeutic effects for lung cancer via pulmonary administration...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426067/bioinspired-peptosomes-with-programmed-stimuli-responses-for-sequential-drug-release-and-high-performance-anticancer-therapy
#3
Yuan Li, Wei Li, Weier Bao, Bin Liu, Dan Li, Yumeng Jiang, Wei Wei, Fazheng Ren
Combination therapy with enhanced therapeutic and antimetastatic efficacy has become promising for cancer treatment. There is an urgent need to design a co-delivery system to sequentially release the drug pair at desired locations that can increase the intra-tumoral drug concentration and reduce the side effects. Inspired by virus architecture and function, herein, we developed a peptosome (PS)-based co-delivery system, PePm/PS/Curcumin (Cur), for the sequential release of the therapeutic peptide Pe and chemodrug Cur...
April 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415463/in-vitro-characterisation-of-a-sol-gel-derived-in-situ-silica-coated-silicate-and-carbonate-co-doped-hydroxyapatite-nanopowder-for-bone-grafting
#4
Seyed Mohsen Latifi, Mohammadhossein Fathi, Ali Sharifnabi, Jaleh Varshosaz
Design and synthesis of materials with better properties and performance are essential requirements in the field of biomaterials science that would directly improve patient quality of life. For this purpose, in situ silica-coated silicate and carbonate co-doped hydroxyapatite (Sc/S.C.HA) nanopowder was synthesized via the sol-gel method. Characterisation of the prepared nanopowder was carried out by XRD, FTIR, TEM, SEM, EDX, ICP, zeta potential, acid dissolution test, and cell culture test. The substitution of the silicate and carbonate ions into hydroxyapatite structure was confirmed by FTIR analysis...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414916/quercetin-remodels-the-tumor-microenvironment-to-improve-the-permeation-retention-and-antitumor-effects-of-nanoparticles
#5
Kaili Hu, Lei Miao, Tyler J Goodwin, Jun Li, Qi Liu, Leaf Huang
Our previous work demonstrated that Wnt16 expression in cisplatin-damaged tumor-associated fibroblasts is a key factor contributing to cisplatin resistance in malignancies. Natural antifibrotic compounds with low toxicities are promising candidates to downregulate Wnt16 expression, improving the antitumor effect of cisplatin nanoparticles. Upon screening several natural chemicals, we found that a dietary flavonoid, quercetin, significantly suppresses Wnt16 expression in activated fibroblasts. To facilitate drug delivery, we have prepared a targeted lipid/calcium/phosphate nanoparticle formulation consisting of a prodrug of quercetin, i...
April 21, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381578/mutagenesis-of-dengue-virus-protein-ns2a-revealed-a-novel-domain-responsible-for-virus-induced-cytopathic-effect-and-interactions-between-ns2a-and-ns2b-transmembrane-segments
#6
Ren-Huang Wu, Ming-Han Tsai, Kuen-Nan Tsai, Jia Ni Tian, Jian-Sung Wu, Su-Ying Wu, Jyh-Haur Chern, Chun-Hong Chen, Andrew Yueh
The NS2A protein of Dengue virus (DENV) has eight predicted transmembrane segments (pTMS1-8) and participates in RNA replication, virion assembly, and host antiviral response. However, the roles of specific amino acid residues within the pTMS regions of NS2A during the viral life cycle are not clear. Here, we explored the function of DENV NS2A by introducing a series of alanine substitutions into the N-terminal half (pTMS1-4) of the protein in the context of a DENV infectious clone or subgenomic replicon. Six NS2A mutants (NM5, 7, 9, and 17-19) around pTMS1-2 displayed a novel phenotype showing a >1000-fold reduction in virus yield, an absence of plaque formation despite wild-type-like replicon activity, and infectious virus-like particle yields...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379983/flavour-enhanced-cortisol-release-during-gum-chewing
#7
Yoko Hasegawa, Yoshihisa Tachibana, Takahiro Ono, Hiromitsu Kishimoto
There is some evidence to suggest that chewing gum reduces chronic stress. However, it remains controversial how the taste and odour properties of chewing gum influence stress. The present study was designed to investigate this issue in human subjects. Using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we tested salivary cortisol concentration, which is thought to be a stress marker, in 96 adults who chewed gum with different combinations of taste and odour. Subjects could discriminate between the types of gum without prior information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374227/predicting-the-influence-of-streamflow-on-migration-and-spawning-of-a-threatened-diadromous-fish-the-australian-grayling-prototroctes-maraena
#8
W M Koster, D A Crook, D R Dawson, S Gaskill, J R Morrongiello
The development of effective strategies to restore the biological functioning of aquatic ecosystems with altered flow regimes requires a detailed understanding of flow-ecology requirements, which is unfortunately lacking in many cases. By understanding the flow conditions required to initiate critical life history events such as migration and spawning, it is possible to mitigate the threats posed by regulated river flow by providing targeted environmental flow releases from impoundments. In this study, we examined the influence of hydrological variables (e...
April 3, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372213/encapsulation-and-delivery-of-food-ingredients-using-starch-based-systems
#9
REVIEW
Fan Zhu
Functional ingredients can be encapsulated by various wall materials for controlled release in food and digestion systems. Starch, as one of the most abundant natural carbohydrate polymers, is non-allergenic, GRAS, and cheap. There has been increasing interest of using starch in native and modified forms to encapsulate food ingredients such as flavours, lipids, polyphenols, carotenoids, vitamins, enzymes, and probiotics. Starches from various botanical sources in granular or amorphous forms are modified by chemical, physical, and/or enzymatic means to obtain the desired properties for targeted encapsulation...
August 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344018/enhanced-topical-penetration-system-exposure-and-anti-psoriasis-activity-of-two-particle-sized-curcumin-loaded-plga-nanoparticles-in-hydrogel
#10
Lin Sun, Zeyu Liu, Lun Wang, Dongmei Cun, Henry H Y Tong, Ru Yan, Xin Chen, Ruibing Wang, Ying Zheng
Psoriasis is an immune-mediated skin disorder, which is triggered by the aberrant activation of dendritic cells in skin. This activation is followed by the complex interaction between the immune cells in the skin and keratinocyte in the epidermis. To improve the conditions of poor aqueous solubility and chemical stability, overcome skin barriers, and enhance in vivo anti-psoriatic activity, curcumin (Cur) loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated and administered by topical route to treat imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis-like mouse model...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341149/docetaxel-loaded-ripl-peptide-iplvvplrrrrrrrrc-conjugated-liposomes-drug-release-cytotoxicity-and-antitumor-efficacy
#11
Ho Yub Yoon, Seong Shin Kwak, Moon Ho Jang, Min Hyung Kang, Si Woo Sung, Chang Hyun Kim, Sung Rae Kim, Dong Woo Yeom, Myung Joo Kang, Young Wook Choi
We previously synthesized the RIPL peptide (IPLVVPLRRRRRRRRC) to facilitate selective delivery into hepsin-expressing cancer cells and showed that RIPL peptide-conjugated liposomes (RIPL-L) enhanced the intracellular delivery of fluorescent probes in vitro. In this study, docetaxel-loaded RIPL-L (DTX-RIPL-L) were prepared and evaluated for in vitro drug release, cytotoxicity, and in vivo antitumor efficacy. DTX was successfully encapsulated by pre-loading, with an average encapsulation efficiency and drug loading capacity of 32...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334931/rgf1p-rho1p-gef-is-required-for-double-strand-break-repair-in-fission-yeast
#12
Elvira Manjón, Tomás Edreira, Sofía Muñoz, Yolanda Sánchez
Rho GTPases are conserved molecules that control cytoskeletal dynamics. These functions are expedited by Rho GEFs that stimulate the release of GDP to enable GTP binding, thereby allowing Rho proteins to initiate intracellular signaling. How Rho GEFs and Rho GTPases protect cells from DNA damage is unknown. Here, we explore the extreme sensitivity of a deletion mutation in the Rho1p exchange factor Rgf1p to the DNA break/inducing antibiotic phleomycin (Phl). The Rgf1p mutant cells are defective in reentry into the cell cycle following the induction of severe DNA damage...
March 15, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332333/allo-hla-cross-reactivities-of-cmv-flu-and-vzv-specific-memory-t-cells-are-shared-by-different-individuals
#13
H van den Heuvel, K M Heutinck, E M W van der Meer-Prins, S L Yong, P P M C van Miert, J D H Anholts, M E I Franke-van Dijk, X Q Zhang, D L Roelen, R J M Ten Berge, F H J Claas
Virus-specific T cells can recognize allogeneic HLA (allo-HLA) through TCR cross-reactivity. The allospecificity often differs per individual ("private cross-reactivity"), but can also be shared by multiple individuals ("public cross-reactivity"). However, only a few examples of the latter have been described. Since these could facilitate alloreactivity prediction in transplantation, we aimed to identify novel public cross-reactivities of human virus-specific CD8+ T cells directed against allo-HLA by assessing their reactivity in mixed-lymphocyte reactions...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330718/adult-glucocorticoid-receptor-mrna-expression-volatility-in-response-to-an-acute-stressor-and-juvenile-csf-corticotropin-releasing-factor-a-pilot-neurodevelopmental-study
#14
Shariful A Syed, Eric L P Smith, Olcay Batuman, Leonard A Rosenblum, Michael J Owens, Charles B Nemeroff, Jeremy D Coplan
INTRODUCTION: Early life stress (ELS) has been shown to play a role in establishing persistent maladaptive HPA axis modifications that may contribute to the pathogenesis of mood and anxiety disorders. Central glucocorticoid receptor (GR) messenger RNA (mRNA) expression may facilitate (mal)adaptive responsivity to ELS. The role of adult monocytic GR mRNA expression, a putative CNS proxy, during acute stress exposure was explored as well as the ELS marker, juvenile cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) corticotropin-releasing factor...
March 19, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330134/phytases-from-enterobacter-and-serratia-species-with-desirable-characteristics-for-food-and-feed-applications
#15
Harpreet Kaur Kalsi, Rajveer Singh, Harcharan Singh Dhaliwal, Vinod Kumar
Phytases are enzymes of great industrial importance with wide range of applications in animal and human nutrition. These catalyze the hydrolysis of phosphomonoester bonds in phytate, thereby releasing lower forms of myo-inositol phosphates and inorganic phosphate. Addition of phytase to plant-based foods can improve its nutritional value and increase mineral bioavailability by decreasing nutritional effect of phytate. In the present investigation, 43 phytase positive bacteria on PSM plates were isolated from different sources and characterized for phytase activity...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325685/a-positive-feedback-strategy-for-enhanced-chemotherapy-based-on-ros-triggered-self-accelerating-drug-release-nanosystem
#16
Jing-Jing Hu, Qi Lei, Meng-Yun Peng, Di-Wei Zheng, Yi-Xuan Chen, Xian-Zheng Zhang
Here, a positive feedback strategy was utilized to amplify the concentration of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and a ROS-triggered self-accelerating drug release nanosystem (defined as T/D@RSMSNs) was demonstrated for enhanced tumor chemotherapy. The mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) based nanocarriers were gated by β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) through the ROS-cleavable thioketal (TK) linker to encapsulate the anticancer drug doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX) and ROS producing agent α-tocopheryl succinate (α-TOS), whose surface was further anchored with adamantane conjugated poly(ethylene glycol) chain (AD-PEG) via host-guest interaction...
March 11, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319867/phototherapeutic-spectrum-expansion-through-synergistic-effect-of-mesoporous-silica-trio-nanohybrids-against-antibiotic-resistant-gram-negative-bacterium
#17
Yaswanth Kuthati, Ranjith Kumar Kankala, Prabhakar Busa, Shi-Xiang Lin, Jin-Pei Deng, Chung-Yuan Mou, Chia-Hung Lee
The extensive impact of antibiotic resistance has led to the exploration of new anti-bacterial modalities. We designed copper impregnated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (Cu-MSN) with immobilizing silver nanoparticles (SNPs) to apply photodynamic inactivation (PDI) of antibiotic-resistant E. coli. SNPs were decorated over the Cu-MSN surfaces by coordination of silver ions on diamine-functionalized Cu-MSN and further reduced to silver nanoparticles with formalin. We demonstrate that silver is capable of sensitizing the gram-negative bacteria E...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288210/depletion-of-neat1-lncrna-attenuates-nucleolar-stress-by-releasing-sequestered-p54nrb-and-psf-to-facilitate-c-myc-translation
#18
Wen Shen, Xue-Hai Liang, Hong Sun, Cheryl L De Hoyos, Stanley T Crooke
Altered expression of NEAT1, the architectural long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) of nuclear paraspeckles, has been reported during tumorigenesis, as well as under various cellular stress conditions. Here we report that the depletion of NEAT1 lncRNA alleviates nucleolar stress during RNAP I inhibition through releasing sequestered P54nrb and PSF to facilitate the IRES-dependent translation of c-Myc. RNAP I inhibitor CX5461 disrupts the SL1-rDNA interaction and induces nucleolar disruption, demonstrated by the accumulation of fibrillarin-containing nucleoplasmic foci and nucleolar clearance of ribosomal proteins in HeLa cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280844/in-depth-analyses-of-native-n-linked-glycans-facilitated-by-high-performance-anion-exchange-chromatography-pulsed-amperometric-detection-coupled-to-mass-spectrometry
#19
Zoltan Szabo, James R Thayer, Yury Agroskin, Shanhua Lin, Yan Liu, Kannan Srinivasan, Julian Saba, Rosa Viner, Andreas Huhmer, Jeff Rohrer, Dietmar Reusch, Rania Harfouche, Shaheer H Khan, Christopher Pohl
Characterization of glycans present on glycoproteins has become of increasing importance due to their biological implications, such as protein folding, immunogenicity, cell-cell adhesion, clearance, receptor interactions, etc. In this study, the resolving power of high-performance anion exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAE-PAD) was applied to glycan separations and coupled to mass spectrometry to characterize native glycans released from different glycoproteins. A new, rapid workflow generates glycans from 200 μg of glycoprotein supporting reliable and reproducible annotation by mass spectrometry (MS)...
March 9, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279755/purinergic-p2-receptors-in-the-paraventricular-nucleus-of-the-hypothalamus-are-involved-in-hyperosmotic-induced-sympathoexcitation
#20
H C Ferreira-Neto, I M R Ribeiro, T S Moreira, S T Yao, V R Antunes
Increases in plasma osmolality activates the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) which in turn mounts a physiological response by increasing the release of arginine vasopressin and sympathetic nerve activity to end organs such as the kidney. The PVN expresses an abundance of purinergic receptors including P2X2 receptors. In the present study, we sought to determine (1) whether P2X2-expressing PVN neurons are activated by hypertonic saline or hypertonic mannitol and (2) what effects P2X receptor blockade has on sympathetic nerve activation mediated by a hyperosmotic stimulus...
March 6, 2017: Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
94863
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"