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Idarucizumab

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920714/idarucizumab-as-antidote-to-intracerebral-hemorrhage-under-treatment-with-dabigatran
#1
Valentin Held, Philipp Eisele, Christoph C Eschenfelder, Kristina Szabo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Non-vitamin K anticoagulants (NOAC) such as dabigatran have become important therapeutic options for the prevention of stroke. Until recently, there were only nonspecific agents to reverse their anticoagulant effects in a case of emergency. Idarucizumab, an antibody fragment targeting dabigatran, is the first specific antidote for a NOAC to be approved, but real-world experience is limited. METHODS: We report two cases of patients on dabigatran with acute intracerebral hemorrhage who received idarucizumab...
September 2016: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917717/reversal-agents-for-oral-antiplatelet-and-anticoagulant-treatment-during-bleeding-events-current-strategies
#2
Peter Raimondi, Elaine M Hylek, Konstantinos N Aronis
There is an increasing prevalence of cardiovascular diseases that warrant antithrombotic therapy. Antithrombotic therapy includes antiplatelet agents and anticoagulation therapy with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or non-Vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs). Antithrombotic therapy is associated with increased rates of bleeding. In this review we summarize the evidence and provide strategies for the management of severe bleeding in the setting of antithrombotic therapy. There is limited data on the management of bleeding in the setting of antiplatelet therapy...
December 5, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913536/reversal-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants-a-practical-approach
#3
Andrew W Shih, Mark A Crowther
Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have at least noninferior efficacy compared with other oral anticoagulants and have ancillary benefits, including overall better safety profiles, lack of the need for routine monitoring, rapid onset of action, and ease of administration. Reversal of these agents may be indicated in certain situations such as severe bleeding and for perioperative management. DOAC-associated bleeding should be risk stratified: patients with moderate or severe bleeding should have the DOAC discontinued and reversal strategies should be considered...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904905/idarucizumab-does-not-have-procoagulant-effects-assessment-of-thrombosis-biomarkers-in-healthy-volunteers
#4
Michael Schmohl, Stephan Glund, Akiko Harada, Susumu Imazu, Marina De Smet, Viktoria Moschetti, Steven Ramael, Ippei Ikushima, Fredrik Grünenfelder, Paul Reilly, Joachim Stangier
Idarucizumab, a humanised monoclonal antibody fragment, binds dabigatran with high affinity and immediately, completely and sustainably reverses dabigatran-induced changes on blood coagulation. The present analysis focuses on the evaluation of potential procoagulant properties of idarucizumab when administered in the absence of dabigatran. As part of two Phase I studies conducted in healthy Caucasian and Japanese male volunteers, the effect of idarucizumab (8 g as a 1-hour [h] infusion and 4 g as a 5-minute [min] infusion) and placebo on calibrated automated thrombography (CAT) was assessed using platelet-poor plasma samples...
December 1, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900867/-new-direct-oral-anticoagulants-actual-review
#5
Jana Michalcová, Miroslav Penka, Alena Buliková, Jiřina Zavřelová, Andrea Štěpařová
In recent years the options of anticoagulant/antithrombotic therapy have extended with new - direct oral anticoagulants, comprising direct thrombin inhibitors (dabigatran etexilate) and direct factor Xa inhibitors (rivaroxaban, apixaban). These agents represent another progress towards "the ideal antithrombotic drug", and thus towards a safe and effective antithrombotic therapy. The following article provides actual review and recommendations for clinical practice, including laboratory assessment and management of emergency situations...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895055/role-of-agents-for-reversing-the-effects-of-target-specific-oral-anticoagulants
#6
REVIEW
Tanya R Riley, Mary L Gauthier-Lewis, Chelsea K Sanchez, Janine S Douglas
PURPOSE: The available clinical data on target-specific oral anticoagulant (TSOAC) reversal agents that are currently in development or have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are reviewed. SUMMARY: The development of TSOACs such as dabigatran, rivaroxaban, edoxaban, and apixaban has presented benefits and new challenges. One of the main challenges associated with the use of TSOACs is the lack of suitable agent-specific reversal agents. Several treatment options for the management of life-threatening bleeding events associated with TSOAC use, such as fresh frozen plasma, prothrombin complex concentrates, and recombinant coagulation factor VIIa, have been used, with inconsistent results...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851440/1805-rebound-coagulopathy-after-idarucizumab-administration-in-a-patient-with-acute-renal-failure
#7
Sarah Jung, Andrea Passarelli, Jennifer Miller, Valerie Dechant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851142/1506-efficacy-of-pcc-and-idarucizumab-in-a-preclinical-polytrauma-with-dabigatran-anticoagulation
#8
Markus Honickel, Braunschweig Till, Rolf Rossaint, Oliver Grottke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844035/intravenous-thrombolysis-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-after-dabigatran-reversal-with-idarucizumab-a-case-report
#9
Johannes Sebastian Mutzenbach, Slaven Pikija, Ferdinand Otto, Ursula Halwachs, Friedrich Weymayr, Johann Sellner
Much excitement has been generated with the approval of idarucizumab, a humanized monoclonal antigen-binding antibody fragment that is capable of reversing the anticoagulant activity of dabigatran. Here, we describe our initial experience of using tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in an acute posterior circulation ischemic stroke after dabigatran reversal with idarucizumab. Both treatments were well tolerated and no hemorrhagic or procoagulatory complications were observed. We propose that the option of dabigatran reversal needs to be considered for contemporary treatment concepts of acute ischemic stroke...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836320/emergency-lumbar-puncture-in-a-patient-receiving-dabigatran-after-antagonization-with-idarucizumab-a-case-report
#10
Tim Bastian Braemswig, Christoph C Eschenfelder, Christian H Nolte
Idarucizumab is an antibody fragment which is used to reverse the anticoagulant effects of dabigatran. We report on the first successful use of idarucizumab before performing an emergency lumbar puncture in a patient on effective anticoagulation with dabigatran thought to have infective cerebral disease (such as temporal encephalitis).
October 29, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826164/how-should-canadian-pharmacy-departments-utilize-idarucizumab
#11
Kirsten Tangedal, William Semchuk, Jennifer Bolt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797449/idarucizumab-for-reversal-of-dabigatran-prior-to-acute-surgery-a-schematic-approach-based-on-a-case-report
#12
Lene Rosenberg, Gustav Gerstrøm, Mads Nybo
Dabigatran, an oral direct thrombin inhibitor, is frequently used in treatment of venous thromboembolism and prevention of stroke in non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Recently, idarucizumab, a monoclonal antibody fragment that reverses the dabigatran effect, was introduced to the market to be used in case of life-threatening bleeding or acute surgery/invasive procedures. Whether usage should be guided by measurement of plasma dabigatran and/or other coagulation parameters is, however, still uncertain. We here describe the use of idarucizumab prior to acute surgery in a patient on dabigatran and acetylsalicylic acid...
October 31, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789932/idarucizumab
#13
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Australian Prescriber
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789605/reversal-of-anticoagulation-and-management-of-bleeding-in-patients-on-anticoagulants
#14
Prajwal Dhakal, Supratik Rayamajhi, Vivek Verma, Krishna Gundabolu, Vijaya R Bhatt
Bleeding is the most common complication of all anticoagulants. Any bleeding patient on an anticoagulant should be risk-stratified based on hemodynamic instability, source of bleeding, and degree of blood loss. Although minor bleed may be managed with discontinuation of anticoagulant, major bleed may require transfusion of blood products and use of specific antidote. The residual effects of each anticoagulant may be monitored with distinct coagulation assay. Intravenous or oral vitamin K can reverse the effect of warfarin within 24 to 48 hours and is indicated for any bleeding, international normalized ratio of >10 or 4...
October 26, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752290/reversal-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-hemophilia-treatment-ash-meeting-2015
#15
Clemens Feistritzer, Stefan Schmidt
During the 57(th) annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology 2015 in Orlando, Florida, various aspects in the field of hemostaseology were presented. The Choosing Wisely® campaign pointed out the importance of the critical use of diagnostic tools to rule out pulmonary embolism and questioned the relevance of thrombophilia testing in women undergoing routine infertility evaluation. Furthermore, the approval of idarucizumab, a specific antidote for the reversal of the anticoagulant effects of the direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran, was highlighted...
2016: Memo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737559/answer-by-the-authors-to-the-letter-of-dr-wang-and-colleagues-concerning-our-case-report-entitled-idarucizumab-for-dabigatran-overdose
#16
Marijke Peetermans, Peter Verhamme
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734073/idarucizumab-administration-for-reversing-dabigatran-effect-in-an-acute-kidney-injured-patient-with-bleeding
#17
Hervé Quintard, Delphine Viard, Milou-Daniel Drici, Caroline Ruetsch, Charles Marc Samama, Carole Ichai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727040/idarucizumab-for-reversal-of-dabigatran-associated-bleeding-misnomer-or-miracle
#18
Luke Miller, Jason A Ferreira, Calvin Tucker
BACKGROUND: The development of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) has revolutionized oral anticoagulation. Rapid incorporation of NOACs into general practice has heightened the demand for directed reversal agents. Idarucizumab is a targeted reversal agent that is approved for the urgent reversal of the anticoagulant effects of dabigatran. While it is a welcome addition to reversal strategies of dabigatran, a number of clinical questions exist regarding its place in therapy. OBJECTIVE: We describe controversies regarding the use of idarucizumab therapy in patients with dabigatran-associated bleeding...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710136/letter-in-response-to-idarucizumab-for-dabigatran-overdose
#19
Josh J Wang, Eric Villeneuve, Sophie Gosselin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707528/idarucizumab-a-specific-reversal-agent-for-dabigatran-mode-of-action-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-and-safety-and-efficacy-in-phase-1-subjects
#20
Paul A Reilly, Joanne van Ryn, Oliver Grottke, Stephan Glund, Joachim Stangier
The direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) provide a number of clinical advantages over vitamin K antagonists for the treatment of thromboembolism, including improved efficacy and safety, as well as no need for regular monitoring of anticoagulant effect. However, as with all anticoagulants, bleeding complications may occur, and anticoagulant reversal may be required in specific clinical situations, such as in patients experiencing spontaneous or traumatic bleeds, or in anticoagulated patients requiring emergency surgery or other invasive procedures...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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