keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

etiology for copd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745979/trends-etiologies-and-predictors-of-90-day-readmission-after-percutaneous-ventricular-assist-device-implantation-a-national-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Hafeez Ul Hassan Virk, Byomesh Tripathi, Shuchita Gupta, Akanksha Agrawal, Sandeep Dayanand, Faisal Inayat, Chayakrit Krittanawong, Ali Raza Ghani, Mohammad Nour Zabad, Parasuram Melarcode Krishnamoorthy, Aman Amanullah, Gregg Pressman, Christian Witzke, Sean Janzer, Jon George, Sanjog Kalra, Vincent Figueredo
Percutaneous ventricular assist devices (pVADs) are indicated to provide hemodynamic support in high-risk percutaneous interventions and cardiogenic shock. However, there is a paucity of published data regarding the etiologies and predictors of 90-day readmissions following pVAD use. We studied the data from the US Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) for the years 2013 and 2014. Patients with a primary discharge diagnosis of pVAD use were collected by searching the database for International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) procedural code 37...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737304/therapeutic-effects-of-statins-drugs-use-and-continuous-nursing-on-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-the-influence-of-life-quality
#2
Ju Weina, Liu Yanhua, Wang Jian, Shao Yan
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is able to be treated and delayed. Many interventions include smoking cessation and daily maintenance of drug therapy. In clinical practice, although respiratory physicians have given optimal drug treatment to patients, there is no treatment for etiological factors in these treatments, and they have little effect on the long-term prognosis of COPD. Therefore, this paper puts forward a method of continuing care. Through Meta analysis of the therapeutic effects of statins, it is shown that statins have a positive impact on the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735471/therapeutic-effects-of-statins-drugs-use-and-continuous-nursing-on-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-the-influence-of-life-quality
#3
Ju Weina, Liu Yanhua, Wang Jian, Shao Yan
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is able to be treated and delayed. Many interventions include smoking cessation and daily maintenance of drug therapy. In clinical practice, although respiratory physicians have given optimal drug treatment to patients, there is no treatment for etiological factors in these treatments, and they have little effect on the long-term prognosis of COPD. Therefore, this paper puts forward a method of continuing care. Through Meta analysis of the therapeutic effects of statins, it is shown that statins have a positive impact on the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714636/extracellular-vesicles-released-in-response-to-respiratory-exposures-implications-for-chronic-disease
#4
Birke J Benedikter, Emiel F M Wouters, Paul H M Savelkoul, Gernot G U Rohde, Frank R M Stassen
Extracellular vesicles (EV) are secreted signaling entities that enhance various pathological processes when released in response to cellular stresses. Respiratory exposures such as cigarette smoke and air pollution exert cellular stresses and are associated with an increased risk of several chronic diseases. The aim of this review was to examine the evidence that modifications in EV contribute to respiratory exposure-associated diseases. Publications were searched using PubMed and Google Scholar with the search terms (cigarette smoke OR tobacco smoke OR air pollution OR particulate matter) AND (extracellular vesicles OR exosomes OR microvesicles OR microparticles OR ectosomes)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713552/persistent-hiccups-as-the-only-presenting-symptom-of-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#5
Nasreen Shaikh, Rishi Raj, Srinivas Movva, Charles Mattina
Clinical manifestations of acute myocardial infarction can be more than just chest pain. Patients can present with dyspnea, fatigue, heart burn, diaphoresis, syncope, and abdominal pain to name a few. Our patient was a 74-year-old male with a past medical history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and COPD due to chronic tobacco use, who presented with persistent hiccups for 4 days and no other complaints. Coincidently, he was found to have a diabetic foot ulcer with sepsis and acute kidney injury and hence was admitted to the hospital...
2018: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710745/prediction-of-microrna-and-gene-target-from-an-integrated-network-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-based-on-canonical-correlation-analysis
#6
Lin Hua, Hong Xia, Wenbin Xu, Weiying Zheng, Ping Zhou
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex disorder with a high mortality. The pathophysiology of COPD has not been characterized till date. OBJECTIVE: To identify COPD-related biomarkers by a bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: Here, we conducted the canonical correlation analysis to extract the potential COPD-related miRNAs and mRNAs based on the miRNA-mRNA dual expression profiling data. After identifying miRNAs and mRNAs related to COPD, we constructed an interaction network by integrating three validated miRNA-target sources...
April 17, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703009/acute-respiratory-failure-requiring-mechanical-ventilation-in-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#7
Shruti K Gadre, Abhijit Duggal, Eduardo Mireles-Cabodevila, Sudhir Krishnan, Xiao-Feng Wang, Katrina Zell, Jorge Guzman
There are limited data on the epidemiology of acute respiratory failure necessitating mechanical ventilation in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The prognosis of acute respiratory failure requiring invasive mechanical ventilation is believed to be grim in this population. The purpose of this study was to illustrate the epidemiologic characteristics and outcomes of patients with underlying severe COPD requiring mechanical ventilation.A retrospective study of patients admitted to a quaternary referral medical intensive care unit (ICU) between January 2008 and December 2012 with a diagnosis of severe COPD and requiring invasive mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory failure...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685118/predictors-of-post-stroke-fever-and-infections-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Maja Wästfelt, Yang Cao, Jakob O Ström
BACKGROUND: Fever after stroke is common, and often caused by infections. In the current study, we aimed to test the hypothesis that pneumonia, urinary tract infection and all-cause fever (thought to include at least some proportion of endogenous fever) have different predicting factors, since they differ regarding etiology. METHODS: PubMed was searched systematically for articles describing predictors for post-stroke pneumonia, urinary tract infection and all-cause fever...
April 23, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583021/copd-2017-a-year-in-review
#9
Ernesto Crisafulli, Antoni Torres
In this review, we focused on original manuscripts published in the 2017 that provided additional information on the clinical and therapeutic features of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We have chosen eight of these studies, collected in four topics concerning the pharmacological treatment (tiotropium) of mild-moderate patients, the pharmacological (fluticasone furoate/vilanterol/umeclidinium) and non-pharmacological treatment (non-invasive mechanical ventilation) of severe patients, the etiology of acute exacerbation of COPD involving seasonal airway pathogens and the role of eosinophils with particular interest to the monoclonal antibody directed against interleukin-5 (mepolizumab)...
March 27, 2018: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573703/n-acetyl-cysteine-reverts-the-proinflammatory-state-induced-by-cigarette-smoke-extract-in-lung-calu-3-cells
#10
Ángel G Valdivieso, Andrea V Dugour, Verónica Sotomayor, Mariángeles Clauzure, Juan M Figueroa, Tomás A Santa-Coloma
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cystic fibrosis (CF) are lethal pulmonary diseases. Cigarette consumption is the main cause for development of COPD, while CF is produced by mutations in the CFTR gene. Although these diseases have a different etiology, both share a CFTR activity impairment and proinflammatory state even under sterile conditions. The aim of this work was to study the extent of the protective effect of the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) over the proinflammatory state (IL-6 and IL-8), oxidative stress (reactive oxygen species, ROS), and CFTR levels, caused by Cigarette Smoke Extract (CSE) in Calu-3 airway epithelial cells...
March 14, 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566027/microrna-expression-in-serum-samples-of-sulfur-mustard-veterans-as-a-diagnostic-gateway-to-improve-care
#11
Sedigheh Gharbi, Shahriar Khateri, Mohammad Reza Soroush, Mehdi Shamsara, Parisa Naeli, Ali Najafi, Eberhard Korsching, Seyed Javad Mowla
Sulfur mustard is a vesicant chemical warfare agent, which has been used during Iraq-Iran-war. Many veterans and civilians still suffer from long-term complications of sulfur mustard exposure, especially in their lung. Although the lung lesions of these patients are similar to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), there are some differences due to different etiology and clinical care. Less is known on the molecular mechanism of sulfur mustard patients and specific treatment options. microRNAs are master regulators of many biological pathways and proofed to be stable surrogate markers in body fluids...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554438/skeletal-muscle-dysfunction-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-what-we-know-and-can-do-for-our-patients
#12
Ariel Jaitovich, Esther Barreiro
Skeletal muscle dysfunction occurs in COPD patients and affects both ventilatory and non-ventilatory muscle groups. It represents a very important comorbidity that associates with poor quality of life and reduced survival, and results from a complex combination of functional, metabolic and anatomical alterations leading to suboptimal muscle work. Muscle atrophy, altered fiber type and metabolism and chest wall remodeling -in the case of the respiratory muscles- are relevant etiologic contributors to this process...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514341/spontaneous-lung-herniation-through-the-chest-wall
#13
Michele Cox, Darshan Thota, Ruth Trevino
A 71-yr-old male with a medical history significant for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presented to emergency department for worsening cough, right-sided pleuritic chest pain, and dyspnea. This was the patient's third visit to the emergency department in 4 d. The patient was initially treated for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation and subsequently evaluated for congestive heart failure. He was ultimately diagnosed with a spontaneous herniation of the lung parenchyma through the chest wall...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501574/cigarette-smoke-induced-inflammation-nlrp10-mediated-mechanisms
#14
Gagandeep Kaur, Prathyusha Bagam, Rakeysha Pinkston, Dhirendra P Singh, Sanjay Batra
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive, life-threatening disease that causes irreversible lung damage. Cigarette smoking is the chief etiologic factor for the commencement of this condition. Despite constant efforts to develop therapeutic interventions and to ascertain the molecular mechanism leading to the pathophysiology of this disease, much remains unknown. However, pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), i.e., Toll-like-receptors (TLRs) and NOD-like receptors (NLRs) are believed to play important roles in COPD and could serve as effective therapeutic targets...
April 1, 2018: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459014/regional-variation-in-racial-disparities-among-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#15
Thomas F X O'Donnell, Chloe Powell, Sarah E Deery, Jeremy D Darling, Kakra Hughes, Kristina A Giles, Grace J Wang, Marc L Schermerhorn
OBJECTIVE: Prior studies identified significant racial disparities as well as regional variation in outcomes of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). We aimed to determine whether regional variation contributes to these racial disparities. METHODS: We identified all white or black patients who underwent infrainguinal revascularization or amputation in 15 deidentified regions of the Vascular Quality Initiative between 2003 and 2017. We excluded three regions with <100 procedures...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422903/autoantibodies-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
REVIEW
Lifang Wen, Susanne Krauss-Etschmann, Frank Petersen, Xinhua Yu
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the fourth leading cause of death worldwide, is characterized by irreversible airflow limitation based on obstructive bronchiolitis, emphysema, and chronic pulmonary inflammation. Inhaled toxic gases and particles, e.g., cigarette smoke, are major etiologic factors for COPD, while the pathogenesis of the disease is only partially understood. Over the past decade, an increasing body of evidence has been accumulated for a link between COPD and autoimmunity. Studies with clinical samples have demonstrated that autoantibodies are present in sera of COPD patients and some of these antibodies correlate with specific disease phenotypes...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404182/a-prospective-study-of-bacteriological-etiology-in-hospitalized-acute-exacerbation-of-copd-patients-relationship-with-lung-function-and-respiratory-failure
#17
Ashok Kuwal, Vinod Joshi, Naveen Dutt, Surjit Singh, Kailash Chand Agarwal, Gopal Purohit
OBJECTIVES: Bacterial infections are the major cause of acute exacerbation of COPD (AE-COPD). The relationship between lung functions and respiratory failure (arterial blood gas parameters) with the etiology of AE-COPD has not been clearly understood. We conducted this study to determine the bacterial profile in AE-COPD and to identify the associated risk factors and drug sensitivity pattern. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-two patients hospitalized for AE-COPD were prospectively evaluated...
January 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394082/a-genome-wide-association-study-in-hispanics-latinos-identifies-novel-signals-for-lung-function-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#18
Kristin M Burkart, Tamar Sofer, Stephanie J London, Ani Manichaikul, Fernando P Hartwig, Qi Yan, María Soler Artigas, Lydiana Avila, Wei Chen, Sonia Davis Thomas, Alejandro A Diaz, Ian P Hall, Bernardo L Horta, Robert C Kaplan, Cathy C Laurie, Ana M Menezes, Jean V Morrison, Elizabeth C Oelsner, Deepa Rastogi, Stephen S Rich, Manuel Soto-Quiros, Adrienne M Stilp, Martin D Tobin, Louise V Wain, Juan C Celedón, R Graham Barr
RATIONALE: Lung function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are heritable traits. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified numerous pulmonary function and COPD loci, primarily in cohorts of European ancestry. OBJECTIVES: Perform a GWAS of COPD-phenotypes in Hispanic/Latino populations to identify loci not previously detected in European populations. METHODS: GWAS of lung function and COPD in Hispanic/Latino participants from a population-based cohort...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393460/lps%C3%A2-induced-proinflammatory-cytokine-expression-in-human-airway-epithelial-cells-and-macrophages-via-nf%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-stat3-or-ap%C3%A2-1-activation
#19
Xuefang Liu, Sugai Yin, Yulong Chen, Yaosong Wu, Wanchun Zheng, Haoran Dong, Yan Bai, Yanqin Qin, Jiansheng Li, Suxiang Feng, Peng Zhao
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major outer surface membrane component of Gram-negative bacteria, is one of the main etiological factors in the pathogenesis of several lung diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The respiratory epithelium and the macrophages comprise the dynamic interface between the outside environment and the host response to bacterial infection via cytokine secretion. In the present study, the mechanisms of LPS induced‑inflammatory response in human lung cells and macrophages were investigated...
April 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386890/phenotyping-copd-exacerbations-using-imaging-and-blood-based-biomarkers
#20
Nawaf M Alotaibi, Virginia Chen, Zsuzsanna Hollander, Cameron J Hague, Darra T Murphy, Jonathon A Leipsic, Mari L DeMarco, J Mark FitzGerald, Bruce M McManus, Raymond T Ng, Don D Sin
Rationale: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are caused by a variety of different etiologic agents. Our aim was to phenotype COPD exacerbations using imaging (chest X-ray [CXR] and computed tomography [CT]) and to determine the possible role of the blood tests (C-reactive protein [CRP], the N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP]) as diagnostic biomarkers. Materials and methods: Subjects who were hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of AECOPD and who had had CXRs, CT scans, and blood collection for CRP and NT-proBNP were assessed in this study...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
keyword
keyword
94845
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"