keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

etiology for copd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702260/renin-angiotensin-system-modifying-therapies-are-associated-with-improved-pulmonary-health
#1
Maira Soto, Soo I Bang, Jeff McCombs, Kathleen E Rodgers
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary diseases are often complicated and have diverse etiologies. One common factor is the lack of therapeutics available for these diseases. The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of Renin-Angiotensin System (RAS)-modifying medications on incidence and time to pulmonary complications. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted using claims data from a US commercial insurance company (2007-2013). The study consisted of patients with an emerging hypertension (HTN) diagnosis...
2017: Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664714/analysis-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-resistance-patterns-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-in-terms-of-choice-of-effective-empiric-antibiotic-therapy
#2
Aneta Grochowalska, Maria Kozioł-Montewka, Anna Sobieszczańska
<b>Introduction.</b> Multi-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from patients has become one of the most hazardous pathogens in health care settings. The aim of the study was to analyze pneumonia caused by Acinetobacter baumannii in patients hospitalized because of exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), who were admitted to the Pulmonology Ward of the Masovian Specialistic Hospital in Radom (MSS). The incidence and drug sensitivity of these non-fermenting rods were evaluated, and compliance with antimicrobial procedure with the algorithm of the guidelines in applicable recommendations, was estimated...
June 12, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558837/long-term-clinical-outcomes-following-treatment-with-alpha-1-proteinase-inhibitor-for-copd-associated-with-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency-a-look-at-the-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Franck F Rahaghi, Marc Miravitlles
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is a common hereditary disorder caused by mutations in the SERPINA1 gene, which encodes alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT; also known as alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor, A1-PI). An important function of A1-PI in the lung is to inhibit neutrophil elastase, one of various proteolytic enzymes released by activated neutrophils during inflammation. Absence or deficiency of A1-PI leads to an imbalance between elastase and anti-elastase activity, which results in progressive, irreversible destruction of lung tissue, and ultimately the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with early-onset emphysema...
May 30, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479167/trajectory-of-congestion-metrics-by-ejection-fraction-in%C3%A2-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-from-the-heart-failure%C3%A2-network
#4
Andrew P Ambrosy, Ankeet S Bhatt, Dianne Gallup, Kevin J Anstrom, Javed Butler, Adam D DeVore, G Michael Felker, Marat Fudim, Stephen J Greene, Adrian F Hernandez, Jacob P Kelly, Marc D Samsky, Robert J Mentz
Differences in the clinical course of congestion by underlying ejection fraction (EF) have not been well-characterized in acute heart failure (AHF). A post hoc analysis was performed using pooled data from the Diuretic Optimization Strategies Evaluation in Acute Heart Failure, Cardiorenal Rescue Study in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure, and Renal Optimization Strategies Evaluation in Acute Heart Failure trials. All patients were admitted for a primary diagnosis of AHF. Patients were grouped as reduced EF ≤40%, borderline 40% < EF < 50%, or preserved EF ≥50%...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431934/etiological-analysis-and-epidemiological-comparison-among-adult-cap-and-nhcap-patients-in-okinawa-japan
#5
Gretchen Parrott, Daijiro Nebeya, Takeshi Kinjo, Kazuya Miyagi, Shusaku Haranaga, Futoshi Higa, Masao Tateyama, Jiro Fujita
BACKGROUND: Etiological epidemiology and diagnosis are important issues for CAP and NHCAP. Despite the availability of effective therapies, significant morbidity and mortality ensues. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the etiology of 200 pneumonia patients at the University of the Ryukyus Hospital. Patients were categorized into CAP (n = 97) or NHCAP (n = 103), according to the Japanese Respiratory Society guidelines. Diagnoses were made using clinical tests including, Gram stain, bacterial culture, serum and urinary tests...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389046/-respiratory-symptoms-and-obstructive-ventilatory-disorder-in-tunisian-woman-exposed-to-biomass
#6
H Kwas, N Rahmouni, I Zendah, H Ghédira
INTRODUCTION: In some Tunisian cities, especially semi-urbanized, the exposure to the smoke produced during combustion of the biomass, main source of pollution of indoor air, remains prevalent among non-smoking women. AIM: To assess the relationship between exposure to biomass smoke and the presence of obstructive ventilatory disorder in the non-smoking women in semi-urban areas of Tunisia. METHODS: Cross etiological study, using a questionnaire, including 140 non-smoking women responsible for cooking and/or exposed during heating by traditional means with objective measurement of their respiratory functions...
April 4, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360458/prevalence-and-etiological-profile-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-nonsmokers
#7
Tariq Mahmood, Ravindra Kumar Singh, Surya Kant, Amitabh Das Shukla, Alok Chandra, Rajneesh Kumar Srivastava
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking has been recognized as the most important risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for a long time, but recent studies have shown that nonsmokers also contribute to a significant proportion of COPD. This study was performed to find out the proportion of nonsmoker individuals among COPD patients and to determine various etiologies in nonsmoker COPD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was an observational cross-sectional study conducted in Department of Pulmonary Medicine, MLN Medical College, Allahabad...
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347199/the-use-of-cellular-and-molecular-biomarkers-to-manage-copd-exacerbations
#8
Terence Ho, Angira Dasgupta, Frederick E Hargreave, Parameswaran Nair
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations are a common cause of respiratory morbidity and mortality, and have various etiologies. Multiple cellular and molecular biomarkers have been associated with exacerbations. Quantitative sputum cell counts are able to identify the presence and type of bronchitis, which is an important contributor to exacerbations. Their utility to monitor bronchitis and to help treat exacerbations has been evaluated, yet they are not used in routine clinical practice...
May 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302503/the-giessen-pulmonary-hypertension-registry-survival-in-pulmonary-hypertension-subgroups
#9
Henning Gall, Janine F Felix, Franziska K Schneck, Katrin Milger, Natascha Sommer, Robert Voswinckel, Oscar H Franco, Albert Hofman, Ralph T Schermuly, Norbert Weissmann, Friedrich Grimminger, Werner Seeger, Hossein A Ghofrani
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a severe, progressive disease. Although 5 PH subgroups are recognized, reports on survival have focused mainly on pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). METHODS: Long-term transplant-free survival and its determinants were investigated in patients with PH (diagnosed by right heart catheterization) within a prospective registry at a single referral center in Giessen, Germany. RESULTS: In total, 2,067 patients were enrolled (PAH, 685 patients [33...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283771/non-invasive-ventilation-for-acute-hypercapnic-respiratory-failure-in-older-patients
#10
Fatma Çiftci, Aydın Çiledağ, Serhat Erol, Akın Kaya
BACKGROUND: This trial was conducted to carry out an age and etiology-based analysis of the clinical efficacy of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF). METHODS: This single center, prospective, cohort study included patients aged ≥65 years with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE), community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), bronchiectasis, and kyphoscoliosis, who were treated with NIV for AHRF in the intensive care unit within a 4-year period...
March 10, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255009/association-between-diabetes-and-1-year-adverse-clinical-outcomes-in-a-multinational-cohort-of-ambulatory-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-results-from-the-esc-hfa-heart-failure-long-term-registry
#11
Marco Dauriz, Giovanni Targher, Cécile Laroche, Pier Luigi Temporelli, Roberto Ferrari, Stephan Anker, Andrew Coats, Gerasimos Filippatos, Maria Crespo-Leiro, Alexandre Mebazaa, Massimo F Piepoli, Aldo P Maggioni, Luigi Tavazzi
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death. Because the prevalence of diabetes is rising worldwide and chronic heart failure (CHF) is becoming increasingly common with the aging population, it is timely to examine the impact of diabetes per se on 1-year adverse outcomes in patients with CHF. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We prospectively assessed whether diabetes status independently affected the 1-year risk of all-cause and CVD mortality and first hospitalization for worsening heart failure (HF) in a multinational cohort of 9,428 outpatients with CHF enrolled in the European Society of Cardiology and Heart Failure Association Long-Term Registry...
May 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251807/early-readmissions-after-transcatheter-and-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#12
Pimprapa Vejpongsa, Viraj Bhise, Konstantinos Charitakis, H Vernon Anderson, Prakash Balan, Tom C Nguyen, Anthony L Estrera, Richard W Smalling, Abhijeet Dhoble
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine and compare the prevalence, and predictors of readmissions after the transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the readmission rates after TAVR in comparison with SAVR. METHODS: We analyzed the data from 2013 National Readmission Database. Propensity-matched pairs were used to analyze differences in readmission rates between TAVR and SAVR for patients aged ≥65...
March 2, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243798/respiratory-symptoms-are-poor-predictors-of-concomitant-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#13
Victor Strevens Bolmgren, Peter Olsson, Per Wollmer, Roger Hesselstrand, Thomas Mandl
Involvement of the respiratory system, in particular dry airways and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is common in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). As respiratory symptoms are also common in pSS patients and may have different etiologies, we wanted to evaluate the amount and impact of respiratory symptoms in out-patients with pSS and to assess if such symptoms are related to concomitant COPD. The St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) was used to assess respiratory symptoms...
May 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235525/iatrogenic-tracheal-laceration-in-the-setting-of-chronic-steroids
#14
Punit Singh, Margaret Wojnar, Anita Malhotra
We report the case of a 71-year-old woman with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who presented with a 10-cm tracheal laceration from a presumed traumatic intubation in the setting of respiratory distress and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation and subsequently developed significant subcutaneous emphysema along her neck and mediastinum in addition to her peritoneum and mesentery. We were successfully able to treat this patient conservatively up until the time that tracheostomy was warranted...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160496/molecular-pathogenesis-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-therapeutic-potential-by-targeting-amp-activated-protein-kinase
#15
REVIEW
Zhihui Zhang, Xiaoyu Cheng, Li Yue, Wenhui Cui, Wencheng Zhou, Jian Gao, Hongwei Yao
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death worldwide, which is characterized by a persistent airflow limitation caused by chronic inflammatory responses to noxious particles or gases. Cigarette smoke and environmental pollutions are major etiological factors for causing COPD. It has been shown that cigarette smoking causes abnormal inflammatory responses, cellular senescence, mitochondrial dysfunction and metabolic dysregulation, suggesting their involvement in the development of COPD...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118936/etiology-of-bronchiectasis-in-a-cohort-of-2047-patients-an-analysis-of-the-spanish-historical-bronchiectasis-registry
#16
Casilda Olveira, Alicia Padilla, Miguel-Ángel Martínez-García, David de la Rosa, Rosa-María Girón, Montserrat Vendrell, Luis Máiz, Luis Borderías, Eva Polverino, Eva Martínez-Moragón, Olga Rajas, Francisco Casas, Rosa Cordovilla, Javier de Gracia
INTRODUCTION: Bronchiectasis is caused by many diseases. Establishing its etiology is important for clinical and prognostic reasons. The aim of this study was to evaluate the etiology of bronchiectasis in a large patient sample and its possible relationship with demographic, clinical or severity factors, and to analyze differences between idiopathic disease, post-infectious disease, and disease caused by other factors. METHODS: Multicenter, cross-sectional study of the SEPAR Spanish Historical Registry (RHEBQ-SEPAR)...
July 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114991/subtypes-of-asthma-based-on-asthma-control-and-severity-a-latent-class-analysis
#17
Elina M S Mäkikyrö, Maritta S Jaakkola, Jouni J K Jaakkola
BACKGROUND: Asthma subtyping is a complex new field of study. Usually both etiological and outcome factors of asthma have been used simultaneously for subtyping thus making the interpretation of the results difficult. Identification of subtypes of asthma based on questionnaire data only will be useful for both treatment of asthma and for research. Our objective was to identify asthma subtypes that capture both asthma control and severity based on easily accessible variables. METHODS: We applied latent class analysis for the 1995 adult asthmatics, 692 men and 1303 women, of the Northern Finnish Asthma Study (NoFAS)...
January 23, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110567/-hungarian-heart-failure-registry-2015-2016-preliminary-results
#18
Noémi Nyolczas, Krisztina Heltai, Attila Borbély, Tamás Habon, Zoltán Járai, Erzsébet Sziliczei, Péter Stadler, Réka Faludi, Béla Herczeg, Előd Papp, Ferenc Lakatos, Katalin Nagy, András Katona, Imre Kovács, János Tomcsányi, András Nagy, Róbert Sepp
Heart failure is associated with a poor prognosis despite significant advances in the pharmacological and device therapy and incurs very high cost because of frequent hospitalizations. Therefore, professional high-quality care is essential for both patients and the healthcare system. The best way to evaluate the quality of care for a particular disease is the use of disease-specific registries. Until now, there has not been a registry evaluating characteristics and management of heart failure patients in Hungary...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106744/oligonucleotide-therapy-for-obstructive-and-restrictive-respiratory-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Wupeng Liao, Jinrui Dong, Hong Yong Peh, Lay Hong Tan, Kah Suan Lim, Li Li, Wai-Shiu Fred Wong
Inhaled oligonucleotide is an emerging therapeutic modality for various common respiratory diseases, including obstructive airway diseases like asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and restrictive airway diseases like idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The advantage of direct accessibility for oligonucleotide molecules to the lung target sites, bypassing systemic administration, makes this therapeutic approach promising with minimized potential systemic side effects. Asthma, COPD, and IPF are common chronic respiratory diseases, characterized by persistent airway inflammation and dysregulated tissue repair and remodeling, although each individual disease has its unique etiology...
January 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087286/incidence-and-survival-outcome-according-to-heart-rhythm-during-resuscitation-attempt-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-patients-with-presumed-cardiac-etiology
#20
Shahzleen Rajan, Fredrik Folke, Steen Møller Hansen, Carolina Malta Hansen, Kristian Kragholm, Thomas A Gerds, Freddy K Lippert, Lena Karlsson, Sidsel Møller, Lars Køber, Gunnar H Gislason, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Mads Wissenberg
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about heart rhythm conversion from non-shockable to shockable rhythm during resuscitation attempt after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and following chance of survival is limited and inconsistent. METHODS: We studied 13,860 patients with presumed cardiac-caused OHCA not witnessed by the emergency medical services from the Danish Cardiac Arrest Register (2005-2012). Patients were stratified according to rhythm: shockable, converted shockable (based on receipt of subsequent defibrillation) and sustained non-shockable rhythm...
May 2017: Resuscitation
keyword
keyword
94845
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"