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Pediatric allergic rhinitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384116/anaphylaxis-in-a-food-allergy-outpatient-department-one-year-review
#1
R A Fernandes, F Regateiro, C Pereira, E Faria, J Pita, A Todo-Bom, I Carrapatoso
Background. Anaphylaxis is an acute, potentially fatal, multi-organ allergic reac-tion. Our aim was to characterize the population with food induced anaphylaxis followed over a one-year period. Methods. Retrospective analysis of clinical files of patients with food anaphylaxis observed in our food allergy consultation during 2016. Results. Sixty-two patients were included. In the pediatric group, the implicated allergens were cow's milk, egg and fish and in the adults' group, the commonest allergens were nuts and wheat...
November 30, 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382478/-the-counseling-of-nursing-decreases-symptomatology-and-relapses-in-pediatric-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis
#2
Laura Solís-Flores, Rosalinda Acuña-Rojas, Leobardo López-Medina, Guillermo Meléndez-Mier
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is considered to be a public health problem, therefore it is essential to test health education strategies such as nursing counseling (NC) aimed at population groups such as children with allergic rhinitis and their tutors. This study aimed to measure the health benefits of children with this disease for a year. METHODS: Longitudinal, randomized, comparative study with a sample of 100 pediatric patients of both sexes, aged 6 to 12 years, with diagnosis of allergic rhinitis, with counseling (study group) and without counseling (control group)...
September 2017: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369414/molecular-sensitization-patterns-and-influence-of-molecular-diagnosis-in-immunotherapy-prescription-in-children-sensitized-to-both-grass-and-olive-pollen
#3
Ana Martínez-Cañavate Burgos, Javier Torres-Borrego, Ana Belén Molina Terán, Jose Luis Corzo, Blanca Esther Garcia, Ramón Rodríguez Pacheco, Carmen Moreno Aguilar, Ignacio Dávila
BACKGROUND: The overlapping grass and olive pollen seasons in Spain and the phenomenon of cross-reactivity can make it difficult to determine the true causative agent of seasonal allergic rhinitis when only skin prick tests with whole extracts are used. The aim of the GRAMOLE study was to determine sensitization patterns to the major grass and olive pollen allergens detected using specific recombinant IgE and to explore how this knowledge affected physicians' choice of allergen-specific immunotherapy...
January 25, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338964/validation-of-the-children-s-sleep-habits-questionnaire-in-a-sample-of-greek-children-with-allergic-rhinitis
#4
A Mavroudi, E-A Chrysochoou, R J Boyle, G Trypsianis, I Xinias, D Cassimos, G Imvrios, M Katotomichelakis, A Karagiannidou, N Karantaglis, G Kourentas, J O Warner
BACKGROUND: Obstructive respiratory disorders, such as allergic rhinitis and asthma may impair sleep quality. The aim of this study is to validate the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) for Greek children from 6 to 14 years of age. No validated tool has been developed so far to assess sleep disturbances in Greek school-aged children. METHODS: We examined the reliability and validity of the CSHQ in a sample of children with allergic rhinitis (AR) and a non-clinical population of parents of these children as a proxy measure of children's AR quality of life (QoL) as evaluated by the Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis Quality of Life (PedARQoL) questionnaire...
January 12, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315158/increased-incidence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-hospitalized-children-following-enterovirus-infection-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Kuo-You Huang, Yin-Cheng Huang, Yena Lee, Roger S McIntyre, Yu-Shu Huang, Chung-Yao Hsu
BACKGROUND: We report the first nationwide population-based cohort study using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database on the association between enterovirus infection and the incidence of sleep disorders in a pediatric population. METHODS: Two matched groups of children under 18 years of age were included in the analyses for non-apneic sleep disorder and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Among them, 316 subjects were diagnosed with OSA during the surveillance period, including 182 in the EV infection group and 134 in the non-EV infection group...
January 8, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224752/incidence-and-factors-associated-with-revision-adenoidectomy-a-retrospective-study
#6
James Johnston, Murali Mahadevan, Richard G Douglas
INTRODUCTION: Adenoidectomy is one of the most commonly performed pediatric operations worldwide. There are a proportion of children who require revision adenoidectomy. Yet there is little in the literature about the incidence, associated factors and etiology of adenoidal regrowth. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to determine incidence and factors associated with revision adenoidectomy. METHODS: An extraction of all hospital morbidity records belonging to patients under the age of 18 years who underwent one or more adenoidectomy procedures (with or without tonsillectomy) between January 1, 2000 and June 2016 at a tertiary care children's hospital was performed...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130983/prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-local-allergic-rhinitis-in-children-sensitized-to-house-dust-mites
#7
Eun Kyo Ha, Min Sun Na, Shinhae Lee, Heysung Baek, Seung Jin Lee, Youn Ho Sheen, Young-Ho Jung, Kyung Suk Lee, Mi Ae Kim, Hye Mi Jee, Man Yong Han
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of local allergic rhinitis (LAR) in nonatopic children remains unknown. This study aimed to determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and severity of LAR in children in comparison to classical allergic rhinitis (AR) and nonallergic rhinitis (NAR). STUDY DESIGN: A total of 145 children (aged 1-18 years) were enrolled and classified into 3 groups (AR, NAR, and LAR) based on a skin prick test (SPT) and a nasal provocation test (NPT) with house dust mite, i...
November 10, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115083/clinical-evaluation-of-techniques-for-measuring-nasal-specific-immunoglobulin-e-in-pediatric-patients
#8
Ji Young Ahn, Suk Jin Hong, Bong Seok Choi
Currently used methods for collecting nasal-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) require administration of a large amount of saline into the nostrils, which is difficult in children. We designed two methods that are easy to use in children. We measured nasal-specific IgE and evaluated clinical characteristics of nasal-specific IgE in pediatric rhinitis. This study included 82 patients who visited Kyungpook National University Children's Hospital from December 2014 to July 2016 with rhinitis symptoms. Thirty patients used the spray method, and 52 patients used the swab method...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049225/factors-related-to-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-different-age-groups
#9
Jiali Wu, Meizhen Gu, Shumei Chen, Wei Chen, Kun Ni, Hongming Xu, Xiaoyan Li
This study aimed to retrospectively investigate the factors related to pediatric obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children younger than 6 years and those older than 6 years.A total of 437 children who were hospitalized due to OSAHS between January 2014 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. The children were further divided into OSAHS group and OSAHS + ADHD group. The general characteristics, OSA-18 quality of life, intention-hyperactivity score, and polysomnographic parameters (apnea-hypopnea index and the lowest oxygen saturation) were collected and compared between groups...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047174/pediatric-allergy-and-immunology-in-china
#10
REVIEW
Gary Wk Wong, Jing Li, Yi-Xiao Bao, Jiu-Yao Wang, Ting Fan Leung, Luan-Luan Li, Jie Shao, Xin-Yuan Huang, En-Mei Liu, Shen Kun-Ling, Chen Yu-Zhi
Over the past thirty years, China has enjoyed rapid economic development along with urbanization at a massive scale that the world has not experienced before. Such development has also been associated with a rapid rise in the prevalence of allergic disorders. Because of the large childhood population in the country, the burden of childhood allergic disorders has become one of the major challenges in the health care system. Among the Chinese centers participating in the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood clearly, the data showed a continuing rise in the prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic eczema...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018501/quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-treated-at-the-medical-clinic-of-integrated-education-unisul
#11
Mariana Dziekanski, Taíse de Freitas Marcelino
Introduction  Allergic rhinitis is a common disease among children and adolescents, reaching up to 40% of the population. During childhood, it is usually underdiagnosed because it has nonspecific symptoms. It has a negative impact on quality of life and may predispose to comorbidities. The diagnosis is clinical and treatment aims prevention. Objective  The objective of this study is to evaluate the quality of life in pediatric patients with allergic rhinitis. Methods This is an observational study with cross-sectional design...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941390/severe-forms-of-food-allergy
#12
REVIEW
Emanuel Sarinho, Maria das Graças Moura Lins
OBJECTIVES: To guide the diagnostic and therapeutic management of severe forms of food allergy. DATA SOURCES: Search in the Medline database using the terms "severe food allergy," "anaphylaxis and food allergy," "generalized urticaria and food allergy," and "food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome" in the last ten years, searching in the title, abstract, or keyword fields. SUMMARY OF DATA: Food allergy can be serious and life-threatening...
November 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928804/efficacy-of-a-leukotriene-receptor-antagonist-for-pediatric-cedar-pollen-allergy-complicated-by-asthma
#13
Shigemi Yoshihara, Yutaka Kikuchi, Mari Saitou, Susumu Yanagawa, Noriko Kanno, Hiroshi Igarashi, Hironobu Fukuda, Akiko Iimura, Toshio Abe, Yumi Yamada, Tamotsu Andou, Osamu Arisaka
Leukotriene receptor antagonists (LTRAs) are identified as a monotherapy for asthma and allergic rhinitis; however, their use in children for treatment of these diseases has not been examined. Accordingly, the present study investigated the efficacy of pranlukast dry syrup for children with both pollinosis and asthma. The subjects were children receiving treatment for asthma who were also diagnosed with cedar pollen allergy. Patients were divided into a group that received continuous treatment with pranlukast (group A; n=20) and a group that commenced add-on treatment for pollinosis following the onset of symptoms (group B; n=20)...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889403/do-paediatric-investigation-plans-pips-advance-paediatric-healthcare
#14
Klaus Rose, Philip D Walson
Since 2007, new drugs need a paediatric investigation plan (PIP) for EU registration. The PIPs' justifications can be traced back to concerns expressed by Shirkey that label warnings against paediatric use made children "therapeutic orphans", and the American Academy of Pediatrics' claim that all children differ considerably from adults. US legislation first encouraged, then also required, separate, adult-style safety and efficacy studies in all paediatric subpopulations. This triggered paediatric regulatory studies by the pharmaceutical industry...
December 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806766/sublingual-immunotherapy-slit-for-house-dust-mites-does-not-prevent-new-allergen-sensitization-and-bronchial-hyper-responsiveness-in-allergic-rhinitis-children
#15
Jae Hyun Lim, Jin Youp Kim, Doo Hee Han, Chul Hee Lee, Seung-No Hong, Jee Hye Wee, Sue K Park, Chae-Seo Rhee
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to identify the effects of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) on immunologic parameters and bronchial-hyper-responsiveness in children with allergic rhinitis to house-dust mite (HDM), through long-term follow-up cohort. METHODS: Among the Allergic Rhinitis Cohort Study for Kids, pediatric patients who visited the hospital for rhinitis symptoms and proven allergy to HDM through skin prick test were studied. In this cohort, 37 patients received SLIT more than 3-years (SLIT group), and 184 patients received only pharmacologic therapy (non-SLIT group) were included in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804700/abridged-version-of-the-awmf-guideline-for-the-medical-clinical-diagnostics-of-indoor-mould-exposure-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-society-of-hygiene-environmental-medicine-and-preventive-medicine-ghup-in-collaboration-with-the-german-association-of-allergists
#16
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Julia Hurraß
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline "Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure" presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has yet to be established...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758381/the-impact-of-allergic-rhinitis-on-symptom-improvement-in-pediatric-patients-after-adenotonsillectomy
#17
Dong-Jun Lee, Young-Jun Chung, Yeon-Jun Yang, Ji-Hun Mo
Objectives: It is well known that allergic rhinitis (AR) has positive association with adenotonsillectomy. However, the impact of AR on symptom improvement after adenotonsillectomy is not well documented. Hence, we aimed to evaluate the effect of AR on the symptom improvement after adenotonsillectomy between AR and nonallergic patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 250 pediatric patients younger than 10 years old who received adenotonsillectomy from June 2009 to June 2014 in a tertiary referral hospital...
August 1, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741448/the-burden-and-visit-prevalence-of-pediatric-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#18
Sapideh Gilani, Jennifer J Shin
Objectives Pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis has a substantial impact, but its epidemiology has yet to be elucidated. Our objectives were (1) to determine the associated national visit burden and (2) to assess its frequency relative to other frequent childhood otolaryngological illnesses. Study Design Analysis of national survey databases. Setting Ambulatory care settings in the United States, 2005 to 2012. Subjects and Methods Cases with a diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis were assessed in total and as a proportion of all visits reported in National Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737480/healthcare-costs-for-allergic-rhinitis-patients-on-allergy-immunotherapy-a-retrospective-observational-study
#19
Felicia Allen-Ramey, Jianbin Mao, Cori Blauer-Peterson, Marvin Rock, Robert Nathan, Rachel Halpern
OBJECTIVE: Subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) for allergic rhinitis (AR) has been shown to control symptoms for up to several years following treatment discontinuation, but the effect of SCIT on healthcare costs for commercially insured patients is unknown. The objective of this study was to compare healthcare costs and resource utilization for patients with AR who received SCIT compared with those who discontinued SCIT shortly after initiation. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study evaluated medical and pharmacy claims from the Optum Research Database from January 2009 through February 2014 for adults and pediatric patients with >7 (continuers) vs...
August 22, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728236/-epidemiological-investigation-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-ningxia
#20
X L Shen, D Zhao, X H Yan, P Yang, N Y Feng, W L Wen, H Y Ha, Z C Yang, L L Di, H Q Guo, H T Liu, R X Ma
Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of allergic rhinitis (AR) in Ningxia and to analyze its related factors. Methods: From March to September of 2013, a multi-stage and cluster sampling method was used to investigate the diagnosis and treatment of AR in Ningxia Area (3 years and above). Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis (2009, Wuyishan) was used as the basis for the diagnosis of adult AR, while Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis (2010, Chongqing) was used as the basis for children...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
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