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Pediatric allergic rhinitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920408/asthma-and-other-allergic-diseases-among-saudi-schoolchildren-in-najran-the-need-for-a-comprehensive-intervention-program
#1
Jobran M Alqahtani
BACKGROUND: In the last three decades, an increasing incidence of allergic diseases has been associated with increasing morbidity and mortality in children and young adults. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors associated with allergic diseases among Saudi schoolchildren in the southwestern Saudi region of Najran, and to determine the sensitization of patients to a set of allergens. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890006/recent-updates-on-the-systemic-and-local-safety-of-intranasal-steroids
#2
Tae Young Jang, Young Hyo Kim
Allergic rhinitis is a global health problem, and its prevalence rate and socioeconomic burden continue to increase. Intranasal steroid (INS) is the first treatment choice in the majority of patients, because of its ability to effectively control allergic symptoms. However, patients and clinicians are concerned about the potential adverse effects of prolonged INS use. In the present study, the systemic bioavailabilities of several commercially available INSs were researched, and then systemic safeties were reviewed with focus on suppression of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and their effects on pediatric growth...
November 23, 2016: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866183/resolution-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-reactive-bronchospasm-with-supplements-and-food-specific-immunoglobulin-g-elimination-a-case-report
#3
Laura Kwiatkowski, Jessica Mitchell, Jeffrey Langland
Context • Allergies are a common affliction, whether they are respiratory, food related, or dermatological. People often resort to continuous use of over-the-counter medications, such as antihistamines, to manage their symptoms. Controversy still remains over testing serum immunoglobulin (Ig) G to diagnose food allergies. Objective • This study intended to examine the benefits of treatment of a pediatric patient with natural supplements and an elimination diet for IgG food allergies. Design • The research team reported a case study...
October 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831636/clinical-evaluation-of-sublingual-administration-of-dust-mite-drops-in-the-treatment-of-allergic-asthma-and-allergic-rhinitis-of-children
#4
G-Q Yin, W-H Jiang, P-Q Wu, C-H He, R-S Chen, L Deng
OBJECTIVE: This study focuses on evaluating the clinical effects of sublingual dust mite drops for the treatment of allergic asthma in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 156 pediatric patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma were randomly divided into control and observation groups (78 cases each). For the control group the standard global initiative for asthma (GINA) asthma control scheme was adopted; meanwhile, the observation group patients received the standard GINA combined with sublingual administration of dust mite drops, once per day, gradually increasing the dose to reach a high maintenance level...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826964/comorbidities-and-phenotypes-of-rhinitis-in-korean-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study
#5
Kyung Suk Lee, Hye Yung Yum, Youn Ho Sheen, Yong Mean Park, Yong Ju Lee, Bong Seok Choi, Hye Mi Jee, Sun Hee Choi, Hyun Hee Kim, Yang Park, Hyo Bin Kim, Yeong Ho Rha
PURPOSE: Rhinitis is a nasal inflammatory disease in children and adolescents. However, little is known about the phenotypes and characteristics of allergic rhinitis (AR) in Korean children and adolescents. The objective of this study was to analyze the symptoms and comorbidities of rhinitis, to compare AR to non-allergic rhinitis (NAR), and to reveal the phenotypes and features of AR in a Korean pediatric population. METHODS: Patients under 18 years of age with rhinitis symptoms were recruited from January 2013 to January 2015 by pediatric allergists...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801958/nasal-obstructive-disorders-induce-medical-treatment-failure-in-pediatric-persistent-allergic-rhinitis-the-nodpar-study
#6
Franklin S Mariño-Sánchez, Meritxell Valls-Mateus, Karen Ruiz-Echevarría, Isam Alobid, Paulina Cardenas-Escalante, Rosa Jiménez-Feijoo, Jaime Lozano-Blasco, María T Giner-Muñoz, Jesús Rodríguez-Jorge, Oliver Haag, Ana M Plaza-Martin, Joaquim Mullol
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the most common chronic disease among children. To characterize the disease, a modified classification of severity (m-ARIA) has recently been validated in AR children. When medical treatment fails, surgery for nasal obstructive disorders (NOD) may be a therapeutic option. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of NOD and their influence in medical treatment response among children with persistent AR (PER). METHODS: In a prospective, real-life study, 130 pediatric PER patients (13...
November 1, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787950/validation-of-the-pediatric-sleep-questionnaire-in-children-with-asthma
#7
Zarmina Ehsan, Carolyn M Kercsmar, Jennifer Collins, Narong Simakajornboon
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is higher in children with poorly controlled asthma. We aimed to determine the validity of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) to screen for OSA in children with asthma. METHODS: This retrospective review encompassed sleep studies and medical records of asthmatic children evaluated in the sleep center at CCHMC over 13 years. Measures of validity were calculated using various cut-off values for obstructive apnea-hypopnea index (OI; >1, >2, >5) and PSQ scores (>0...
October 27, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698737/pediatric-rhinitis-risk-factors
#8
Yaofeng Ji, Yin Liu, Na Yang
Rhinitis is a common global disorder that impacts on the quality of life of the sufferer and caregivers. Treatment for pediatric rhinitis is empirical and does not include a detailed history of the allergy triggers or allergy testing. Thus, allergen avoidance advice is not tailored to the child's sensitivities, which may result in adenoid hypertrophy. However, infant onset rhinitis, especially its relationship with respiratory viruses, remains to be further clarified. Rhinitis basically involves inflammation of the upper nasal lining, presenting typically with symptoms of runny nose (rhinorrhea), nasal blockage, and/or sneezing...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665384/dust-mite-induced-perennial-allergic-rhinitis-in-pediatric-patients-and-sublingual-immunotherapy
#9
Halie M Anderson, Robert A Wood, William W Busse
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common illness in children and can impair their quality of life. Furthermore, many children remain symptomatic despite maximizing systemic antihistamine and topical therapies. It is at this clinical juncture that immunotherapy may be considered. The efficacy and safety associated with both subcutaneous (SCIT) and sublingual (SLIT) approaches are reviewed and positioned as treatment options for pediatric patients, with specific focus on current literature as it relates to SLIT in children, including those with perennial allergic rhinitis...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612945/comorbid-disorders-associated-with-asthma-in-children-in-germany-national-analysis-of-pediatric-primary-care-data
#10
Louis Jacob, Thomas Keil, Karel Kostev
BACKGROUND: Using routine healthcare data, the goal of this study was to examine the association between asthma and comorbid disorders in children in Germany. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of asthma documented by a German pediatrician in 2015 were identified. Demographic data included age and gender. Patients younger than 6 and older than 17 and individuals followed for less than a year before index date were excluded. Each patient was matched for age, sex, and physician with an asthma-free control...
October 5, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609653/novel-baseline-predictors-of-adverse-events-during-oral-immunotherapy-in-children-with-peanut-allergy
#11
Yamini V Virkud, A Wesley Burks, Pamela H Steele, Lloyd J Edwards, Jelena P Berglund, Stacie M Jones, Amy M Scurlock, Tamara T Perry, Robert D Pesek, Brian P Vickery
BACKGROUND: Though peanut oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a promising investigational therapy, its potential is limited by substantial adverse events (AEs), which are relatively understudied. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective analysis was conducted, pooling data from 3 pediatric peanut OIT trials, comprising the largest analysis of peanut OIT safety to date. METHODS: We pooled data from 104 children with peanut allergy from 3 peanut OIT studies. We catalogued AEs from parental reports, daily symptom diaries, and dose escalations...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583103/prevention-of-food-and-airway-allergy-consensus-of-the-italian-society-of-preventive-and-social-paediatrics-the-italian-society-of-paediatric-allergy-and-immunology-and-italian-society-of-pediatrics
#12
REVIEW
Giuseppe di Mauro, Roberto Bernardini, Salvatore Barberi, Annalisa Capuano, Antonio Correra, Gian Luigi De' Angelis, Iride Dello Iacono, Maurizio de Martino, Daniele Ghiglioni, Dora Di Mauro, Marcello Giovannini, Massimo Landi, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Alberto Martelli, Vito Leonardo Miniello, Diego Peroni, Lucilla Ricottini Maria Giuseppa Sullo, Luigi Terracciano, Cristina Vascone, Elvira Verduci, Maria Carmen Verga, Elena Chiappini
BACKGROUND: Allergic sensitization in children and allergic diseases arising therefrom are increasing for decades. Several interventions, functional foods, pro- and prebiotics, vitamins are proposed for the prevention of allergies and they can't be uncritically adopted. OBJECTIVE: This Consensus document was developed by the Italian Society of Preventive and Social Paediatrics and the Italian Society of Paediatric Allergy and Immunology. The aim is to provide updated recommendations regarding allergy prevention in children...
2016: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489785/allergen-specific-immunotherapy-in-pediatric-allergic-asthma
#13
REVIEW
Ayfer Yukselen
Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is the only curative way that can change the immunologic response to allergens and thus can modify the natural progression of allergic diseases. There are some important criteria which contributes significantly on efficacy of AIT, such as the allergen extract used for treatment, the dose and protocol, patient selection in addition to the severity and control of asthma. The initiation of AIT in allergic asthma should be considered in intermittent, mild and moderate cases which coexisting with other allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis, and in case of unacceptable adverse effects of medications...
July 2016: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475650/the-relevance-of-nasal-provocation-testing-in-children-with-nonallergic-rhinitis
#14
Handan Duman, Ilknur Bostanci, Serap Ozmen, Mahmut Dogru
BACKGROUND: It is important to understand that allergic rhinitis, whether seasonal or perennial, may be difficult to distinguish clinically from the nonallergic forms of rhinitis. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the presence of local allergic rhinitis (LAR) in children who have allergic rhinitis symptoms in the absence of skin test positivity and specific IgE by performing a nasal provocation test (NPT). METHODS: Our study followed a case-controlled, prospective design...
2016: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473542/homeopathic-therapy-in-pediatric-atopic-diseases-short-and-long-term-results
#15
Elio Rossi, Marco Picchi, Paola Bartoli, Marialessandra Panozzo, Chiara Cervino, Linda Nurra
AIM: To study the outcomes of atopic diseases in children treated with homeopathy at the Homeopathic Clinic of Lucca (Italy) and related long-term results after approximately an 8-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our data derive from an observational longitudinal study carried out on 857 pediatric patients who consecutive visited from 1998 to 2014. Children with atopic diseases were 325 (37.9%), 126 (39%) suffered from atopic dermatitis, 72 (22%) from allergic rhinitis, and 127 (39%) from asthma...
August 2016: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428241/general-anesthesia-exposure-in-early-life-reduces-the-risk-of-allergic-diseases-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Ho-Chang Kuo, Ya-Ling Yang, Shu-Chen Ho, Mindy Ming-Huey Guo, Jyun-Hong Jiang, Ying-Hsien Huang
General anesthesia (GA) has been used for second line treatment strategy for status asthmaticus in pediatric patients. The association between GA in children and risk of followed-up allergic diseases is unclear. This study aims to assess the risk of allergic diseases after GA in children.We did a nationwide retrospective cohort study by analyzing data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan. The subsequent risks for allergic diseases, including asthma (ICD-9: 493.X), allergic rhinitis (AR; ICD-9 CM code 477...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405933/characteristics-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-use-in-pediatric-cancer-patients-a-nationwide-retrospective-taiwanese-registry-population-based-study
#17
Hung-Rong Yen, Wan-Yu Lai, Chih-Hsin Muo, Mao-Feng Sun
Background Large-scale surveys of complementary traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) use in pediatric cancer patients are lacking. The aim of our study was to investigate the use of TCM in pediatric cancer patients. Methods We analyzed cancer patients younger than 18 years (n = 12 965) who were registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan between 2001 and 2011. Patients were categorized into TCM or non-TCM users based on their use of TCM. Results In Taiwan, 8086 (62.4%) children with cancer sought TCM treatment at some point...
July 12, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401310/the-association-between-hypovitaminosis-d-and-pediatric-allergic-diseases-a-korean-nationwide-population-based-study
#18
Hea-Kyoung Yang, Jaehee Choi, Woo Kyung Kim, So-Yeon Lee, Yong Mean Park, Man Yong Han, Hye-Young Kim, Myung-Il Hahm, Yoomi Chae, Kee-Jae Lee, Ho-Jang Kwon, Kangmo Ahn, Jihyun Kim
BACKGROUND: There is still considerable disagreement regarding the role of vitamin D in the development or exacerbation of allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between serum vitamin D levels and recent symptoms of allergic diseases in elementary schoolchildren. METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted in children ages 6-7 years from 45 randomly selected elementary schools. The presence of atopic dermatitis (AD) or asthma was defined as medical treatment of children for AD or asthma within 12 months of the survey...
July 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388929/ige-associated-food-allergy-alters-the-presentation-of-paediatric-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#19
B J Pelz, J B Wechsler, K Amsden, K Johnson, A M Singh, B K Wershil, A F Kagalwalla, P J Bryce
BACKGROUND: Links between food allergens and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) have been established, but the interplay between EoE- and IgE-associated immediate hypersensitivity to foods remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prevalence of IgE-associated food allergy at the time of diagnosis of EoE in children and to determine whether differences existed in presentation and disease compared to subjects with EoE alone. METHODS: Eosinophilic esophagitis patients were stratified based on the diagnosis of IgE-associated immediate hypersensitivity (EoE + IH vs...
November 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382674/-efficacy-of-the-dust-mites-drops-sublingual-immunotherapy-in-pediatric-allergic-rhinitis
#20
Lisheng Xie, Yinzhu Jiang, Qi Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the role of the dust mites drops sublingual immunotherapy(SLIT) in pediatric allergic rhiriitis caused by dust mites and compare its efficacy between monosensitized and polysensitized children. METHOD: A total of 77 pediatric allergic rhinitis patients received Dermatophagoides farina extracts sublingual immunotherapy for 2 years were enrolled as desensitization group and were allocated into monosensitized group (41 cases) and polysensitized group (36 cases) according to the number of coexisting allergens...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
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