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Pediatric allergic rhinitis

Yaofeng Ji, Yin Liu, Na Yang
Rhinitis is a common global disorder that impacts on the quality of life of the sufferer and caregivers. Treatment for pediatric rhinitis is empirical and does not include a detailed history of the allergy triggers or allergy testing. Thus, allergen avoidance advice is not tailored to the child's sensitivities, which may result in adenoid hypertrophy. However, infant onset rhinitis, especially its relationship with respiratory viruses, remains to be further clarified. Rhinitis basically involves inflammation of the upper nasal lining, presenting typically with symptoms of runny nose (rhinorrhea), nasal blockage, and/or sneezing...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Halie M Anderson, Robert A Wood, William W Busse
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common illness in children and can impair their quality of life. Furthermore, many children remain symptomatic despite maximizing systemic antihistamine and topical therapies. It is at this clinical juncture that immunotherapy may be considered. The efficacy and safety associated with both subcutaneous (SCIT) and sublingual (SLIT) approaches are reviewed and positioned as treatment options for pediatric patients, with specific focus on current literature as it relates to SLIT in children, including those with perennial allergic rhinitis...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Louis Jacob, Thomas Keil, Karel Kostev
BACKGROUND: Using routine healthcare data, the goal of this study was to examine the association between asthma and comorbid disorders in children in Germany. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of asthma documented by a German pediatrician in 2015 were identified. Demographic data included age and gender. Patients younger than 6 and older than 17 and individuals followed for less than a year before index date were excluded. Each patient was matched for age, sex, and physician with an asthma-free control...
October 5, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Yamini V Virkud, A Wesley Burks, Pamela H Steele, Lloyd J Edwards, Jelena P Berglund, Stacie M Jones, Amy M Scurlock, Tamara T Perry, Robert D Pesek, Brian P Vickery
BACKGROUND: Though peanut oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a promising investigational therapy, its potential is limited by substantial adverse events (AEs), which are relatively understudied. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a retrospective analysis pooling three pediatric peanut OIT trials, comprising the largest analysis of peanut OIT safety to date. METHODS: We pooled 104 peanut-allergic children from three peanut OIT studies. We catalogued AEs from parental report, daily symptom diaries, and dose escalations...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Giuseppe di Mauro, Roberto Bernardini, Salvatore Barberi, Annalisa Capuano, Antonio Correra, Gian Luigi De' Angelis, Iride Dello Iacono, Maurizio de Martino, Daniele Ghiglioni, Dora Di Mauro, Marcello Giovannini, Massimo Landi, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Alberto Martelli, Vito Leonardo Miniello, Diego Peroni, Lucilla Ricottini Maria Giuseppa Sullo, Luigi Terracciano, Cristina Vascone, Elvira Verduci, Maria Carmen Verga, Elena Chiappini
BACKGROUND: Allergic sensitization in children and allergic diseases arising therefrom are increasing for decades. Several interventions, functional foods, pro- and prebiotics, vitamins are proposed for the prevention of allergies and they can't be uncritically adopted. OBJECTIVE: This Consensus document was developed by the Italian Society of Preventive and Social Paediatrics and the Italian Society of Paediatric Allergy and Immunology. The aim is to provide updated recommendations regarding allergy prevention in children...
2016: World Allergy Organization Journal
Ayfer Yukselen
Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is the only curative way that can change the immunologic response to allergens and thus can modify the natural progression of allergic diseases. There are some important criteria which contributes significantly on efficacy of AIT, such as the allergen extract used for treatment, the dose and protocol, patient selection in addition to the severity and control of asthma. The initiation of AIT in allergic asthma should be considered in intermittent, mild and moderate cases which coexisting with other allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis, and in case of unacceptable adverse effects of medications...
July 2016: Asia Pacific Allergy
Handan Duman, Ilknur Bostanci, Serap Ozmen, Mahmut Dogru
BACKGROUND: It is important to understand that allergic rhinitis, whether seasonal or perennial, may be difficult to distinguish clinically from the nonallergic forms of rhinitis. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the presence of local allergic rhinitis (LAR) in children who have allergic rhinitis symptoms in the absence of skin test positivity and specific IgE by performing a nasal provocation test (NPT). METHODS: Our study followed a case-controlled, prospective design...
2016: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Elio Rossi, Marco Picchi, Paola Bartoli, Marialessandra Panozzo, Chiara Cervino, Linda Nurra
AIM: To study the outcomes of atopic diseases in children treated with homeopathy at the Homeopathic Clinic of Lucca (Italy) and related long-term results after approximately an 8-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our data derive from an observational longitudinal study carried out on 857 pediatric patients who consecutive visited from 1998 to 2014. Children with atopic diseases were 325 (37.9%), 126 (39%) suffered from atopic dermatitis, 72 (22%) from allergic rhinitis, and 127 (39%) from asthma...
August 2016: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
Ho-Chang Kuo, Ya-Ling Yang, Shu-Chen Ho, Mindy Ming-Huey Guo, Jyun-Hong Jiang, Ying-Hsien Huang
General anesthesia (GA) has been used for second line treatment strategy for status asthmaticus in pediatric patients. The association between GA in children and risk of followed-up allergic diseases is unclear. This study aims to assess the risk of allergic diseases after GA in children.We did a nationwide retrospective cohort study by analyzing data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan. The subsequent risks for allergic diseases, including asthma (ICD-9: 493.X), allergic rhinitis (AR; ICD-9 CM code 477...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hung-Rong Yen, Wan-Yu Lai, Chih-Hsin Muo, Mao-Feng Sun
Background Large-scale surveys of complementary traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) use in pediatric cancer patients are lacking. The aim of our study was to investigate the use of TCM in pediatric cancer patients. Methods We analyzed cancer patients younger than 18 years (n = 12 965) who were registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan between 2001 and 2011. Patients were categorized into TCM or non-TCM users based on their use of TCM. Results In Taiwan, 8086 (62.4%) children with cancer sought TCM treatment at some point...
July 12, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Hea-Kyoung Yang, Jaehee Choi, Woo Kyung Kim, So-Yeon Lee, Yong Mean Park, Man Yong Han, Hye-Young Kim, Myung-Il Hahm, Yoomi Chae, Kee-Jae Lee, Ho-Jang Kwon, Kangmo Ahn, Jihyun Kim
BACKGROUND: There is still considerable disagreement regarding the role of vitamin D in the development or exacerbation of allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between serum vitamin D levels and recent symptoms of allergic diseases in elementary schoolchildren. METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted in children ages 6-7 years from 45 randomly selected elementary schools. The presence of atopic dermatitis (AD) or asthma was defined as medical treatment of children for AD or asthma within 12 months of the survey...
July 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
B J Pelz, J B Wechsler, K Amsden, K Johnson, A M Singh, B K Wershil, A F Kagalwalla, P J Bryce
BACKGROUND: Links between food allergens and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) have been established, but the interplay between EoE- and IgE-associated immediate hypersensitivity to foods remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prevalence of IgE-associated food allergy at the time of diagnosis of EoE in children and to determine whether differences existed in presentation and disease compared to subjects with EoE alone. METHODS: Eosinophilic esophagitis patients were stratified based on the diagnosis of IgE-associated immediate hypersensitivity (EoE + IH vs...
July 8, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Lisheng Xie, Yinzhu Jiang, Qi Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the role of the dust mites drops sublingual immunotherapy(SLIT) in pediatric allergic rhiriitis caused by dust mites and compare its efficacy between monosensitized and polysensitized children. METHOD: A total of 77 pediatric allergic rhinitis patients received Dermatophagoides farina extracts sublingual immunotherapy for 2 years were enrolled as desensitization group and were allocated into monosensitized group (41 cases) and polysensitized group (36 cases) according to the number of coexisting allergens...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Zhenhong Li, Jocelyn Celestin, Richard F Lockey
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) may be central neurologic (<5%) or obstructive (>95%) in origin and is a relatively prevalent condition in children. It affects 1%-5% of children aged 2-8 years and is caused by a variety of different pathophysiologic abnormalities. Cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurocognitive comorbidities can occur in both children and adults when left untreated. It also can cause severe behavioral problems in children. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all children be screened with an appropriate history and physical examination for symptoms and signs suggestive of OSAS...
September 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Yi-Tsen Lin, Yang-Ching Chen, Susan Shur-Fen Gau, Te-Huei Yeh, Hsien-Yu Fan, Yu-Ya Hwang, Yungling Leo Lee
BACKGROUND: We aim to investigate the detailed associations between allergic diseases with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) among children. METHODS: Clinical information from 2,896 children enrolled in the Taiwan Children Health Study was obtained for analyses. Allergic diseases, including atopic dermatitis, asthma, and allergic rhinitis, have been evaluated based on the questions adjusted from International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood...
October 2016: Pediatric Research
Stefani Madison, Elizabeth Aubrey Brown, Rachel Franklin, Elizabeth A Wickersham, Laine H McCarthy
CLINICAL QUESTION: In pediatric populations, is nasal saline irrigation as effective as intranasal corticosteroids at relieving allergic rhinitis symptoms? ANSWER: No. Intranasal steroids are more effective than nasal saline alone to reduce symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children. Combination therapy further improves symptom reduction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE FOR THE ANSWER: B SEARCH TERMS: Allergic Rhinitis, Nasal Saline, Nasal corticosteroids, children younger than age 18...
April 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
Doerthe A Andreae, Matthew G Hanna, Margret S Magid, Stefano Malerba, Michael H Andreae, Emilia Bagiella, Mirna Chehade
OBJECTIVES: Although effective in the treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) in children, limited data exist on long-term safety and efficacy of swallowed topical corticosteroids. We investigated whether long-term use of swallowed fluticasone in children with EoE leads to sustained reduction in esophageal eosinophils, and endoscopic and clinical improvement. METHODS: In an open-label, prospective, single-center study, we offered pediatric patients with active EoE fluticasone 2 puffs to swallow twice a day (strengths in μg/puff: 2-4 years: 44, 5-11 years: 110, ≥12 years: 220)...
August 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Kyung Suk Lee, Jinho Yu, Dahee Shim, Hana Choi, Man-Young Jang, Kyung Rae Kim, Jae-Hoon Choi, Seok Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the most common allergic disease but little is known about the difference of local immune responses in children and adults with AR. OBJECTIVE: To compare local immune responses between children and adults with AR and nonallergic rhinitis (NAR), and to investigate whether the association of local and systemic immune responses is different between the two age groups. METHODS: Fifty-one patients with chronic rhinitis were enrolled and grouped into children (N = 27, mean age 7...
2016: PloS One
Yu-Chun Chen, Yi-Hsuan Lin, Sindy Hu, Hsing-Yu Chen
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis among children is an important issue due to relapses and skin manifestations. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is commonly used to treat children with atopic dermatitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics and TCM prescriptions of patients with atopic dermatitis using a nationwide database. METHODS: Children younger than 12 years of age diagnosed with atopic dermatitis, defined as ICD-9-CM codes 691.8 and 692...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Matti Korppi, Kirsi Nuolivirta, Eero Lauhkonen, Annukka Holster, Johanna Teräsjärvi, Juho Vuononvirta, Merja Helminen, Qiushui He, Petri Koponen
BACKGROUND: Variations in the genes that regulate innate immunity responses may be associated with susceptibility to asthma or atopy after early-life bronchiolitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between four different polymorphisms of the IL-10 gene at rs1800871, rs1800872, rs1800890, and rs1800896, either alone or in combination, and post-bronchiolitis asthma or allergies at 5-7 years of age. METHODS: Data on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of IL-10 rs1800896 (-1082G/A), rs1800871 (-819C/T), rs1800872 (-592C/A), and IL-10 rs1800890 (-3575T/A) were available for 135 children...
May 26, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
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