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Sport injury epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349651/epidemiology-of-head-injuries-focusing-on-concussions-in-team-contact-sports-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Annika Prien, Alexander Grafe, Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Although injuries to the head represent a small proportion of all sport injuries, they are of great concern due to their potential long-term consequences, which are even suspected in mild traumatic brain injuries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to compare the incidence of concussions and other head injuries in elite level football, rugby, ice hockey and American Football. METHODS: Four electronic databases (CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, PubMed) were searched...
January 18, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349095/spinal-motocross-injuries-in-the-united-kingdom
#2
Rohit Singh, Amit Bhalla, Matthew Ockendon, Stuart Hay
Background: Motocross is a form of motorcycle racing held on established off-road circuits and has been a recreational and competitive sport across the world for >100 years. In the United Kingdom alone, motocross has grown into a phenomenally ambitious and popular franchise. There are >200 motocross clubs across the country, permitting >900 events annually. Purpose: To assess the current trend of spine-related motocross injuries over the past 5 years. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347941/a-five-year-retrospective-study-of-the-epidemiological-characteristics-and-visual-outcomes-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma
#3
Edita Puodžiuvienė, Giedrė Jokūbauskienė, Monika Vieversytė, Kirwan Asselineau
BACKGROUND: Pediatric trauma can lead to serious visual impairment as a result of the trauma itself or secondary to amblyopia. Precise data on epidemiological characteristics and visual outcomes of pediatric ocular injuries are valuable for the prevention of monocular blindness. METHODS: A total of 268 cases of pediatric ocular trauma admitted to the Department of Ophthalmology of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital from January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
January 18, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329123/golf-injuries-epidemiology-pathophysiology-and-treatment
#4
Ioannis C Zouzias, Jeff Hendra, Jason Stodelle, Orr Limpisvasti
Increasing numbers of people are playing golf. Golf is a unique sport in that the ability to participate at a high level is not limited by age. In addition, participants tend to play more rather than less as they grow older. Injuries can occur at any point during the golf swing, from takeaway through follow-through. Upper extremity injuries can affect the hands, elbow, and shoulder and are usually a result of the golf swing at impact. Injuries are also common in the lower back as well as the lower extremities...
January 11, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322858/epidemiology-of-mental-health-conditions-in-incoming-division-i-collegiate-athletes
#5
Nikolas Sarac, Benjamin Sarac, Angela Pedroza, James Borchers
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine the epidemiology of mental health conditions in incoming American Division I collegiate athletes. METHODS: Pre-participation physical questionnaires from 1118 incoming student athletes at a Division I Institution were collected retrospectively from 2011-2017. Data collected included lifetime history of any mental health condition, musculoskeletal injuries, concussions, and post-concussion depression. History of any mental health condition was evaluated by gender and sport played...
January 11, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318177/injury-recurrence-among-high-school-athletes-in-the-united-states-a-decade-of-patterns-and-trends-2005-2006-through-2015-2016
#6
K Linnea Welton, Matthew J Kraeutler, Lauren A Pierpoint, Justin H Bartley, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
Background: As participation in high school athletics increases, so does the number of adolescents experiencing sports-related injury. Understanding injury patterns is an important component to developing and evaluating prevention and rehabilitation programs. Purpose: To analyze recurrent injury rates and patterns among high school athletes, to compare recurrent injuries with new injuries, and to evaluate injury trends over time. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318176/venous-thromboembolism-within-professional-american-sport-leagues
#7
Meghan Bishop, Matthew Astolfi, Eric Padegimas, Peter DeLuca, Sommer Hammoud
Background: Numerous reports have described players in professional American sports leagues who have been sidelined with a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or a pulmonary embolism (PE), but little is known about the clinical implications of these events in professional athletes. Purpose: To conduct a retrospective review of injury reports from the National Hockey League (NHL), Major League Baseball (MLB), the National Basketball Association (NBA), and the National Football League (NFL) to take a closer look at the incidence of DVT/PE, current treatment approaches, and estimated time to return to play in professional athletes...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315449/trends-and-epidemiology-of-tennis-related-sprains-strains-in-the-united-states-2010-to-2016
#8
Jonathan D Chevinsky, Jared M Newman, Neil V Shah, Neel Pancholi, John Holliman, Nipun Sodhi, Ahmed Eldib, Qais Naziri, Bashir A Zikria, John P Reilly, Scott E Barbash, William P Urban
BACKGROUND: While tennis is one of the most popular sports in the world, it predisposes those who play it to a number of injuries. Several studies have shown sprains/strains to be the most common tennis-related injury. However, data is limited regarding trends in tennis-related sprains/strains. Therefore, this study evaluated: 1) trends in tennis-related sprains/strains; 2) trends in tennis-related sprains/strains by age; and 3) trends in the most common tennis-related sprained/strained body parts...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311358/pediatric-sports-and-recreation-related-eye-injuries-treated-in-us-emergency-departments
#9
Krystin N Miller, Christy L Collins, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the epidemiologic characteristics of sports- and recreation-related eye injuries among children in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System were analyzed in a retrospective study of children ≤17 years of age treated in US emergency departments for sports- and recreation-related eye injuries from 1990 to 2012. RESULTS: From 1990 through 2012, an estimated 441 800 (95% confidence interval: 378 868-504 733) children were treated in US emergency departments for sports- and recreation-related eye injuries, averaging 26...
January 8, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306625/epidemiology-of-morbidity-and-mortality-in-us-and-canadian-recreational-scuba-diving
#10
P Buzzacott, D Schiller, J Crain, P J Denoble
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates morbidity and mortality suffered by divers in the USA and Canada. STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively recruited probability-weighted sample for estimating the national burden of injury and a weighted retrospective survey for estimating exposure. METHODS: The National Electronic Surveillance System and Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) were searched for scuba diving injuries. The Divers Alert Network diving fatality database was searched for deaths, and Sports and Fitness Industry Association estimates for diving were obtained from annual surveys...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304721/epidemiology-of-shoulder-and-elbow-injuries-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-wrestlers-2009-2010-through-2013-2014
#11
Avi D Goodman, John Twomey-Kozak, Steven F DeFroda, Brett D Owens
OBJECTIVES: Examination of the incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries in the collegiate wrestling population is limited. Therefore, we sought to determine the incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries in wrestlers competing in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), and investigate the risk factors involved. METHODS: All shoulder and elbow injuries in wrestlers from the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years in the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program database were extracted...
January 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299876/the-incidence-of-injury-in-amateur-male-rugby-union-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Caithriona Yeomans, Ian C Kenny, Roisin Cahalan, Giles D Warrington, Andrew J Harrison, Kevin Hayes, Mark Lyons, Mark J Campbell, Thomas M Comyns
BACKGROUND: Rugby union is a physically demanding, full-contact team sport that has gained worldwide popularity. The incidence of injury in rugby union has been widely reported in the literature. While comprehensive injury surveillance and prevention programmes have been implemented within the professional game, there is a need for similar strategies in the amateur game. Despite recent increases in the volume of research in rugby, there is little consensus regarding the true incidence rate of match and training injuries in senior amateur male rugby union players...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284906/may-heading-in-soccer-result-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-review-of-literature
#13
REVIEW
Gorazd Bunc, Janez Ravnik, Tomaz Velnar
Background: Globally, soccer is the most popular team sport, unifying many fans all around the world. The epidemiological studies so far have confirmed that head playing and hitting the ball with head may cause minor head injuries, which exert their effects in a cumulative way. Methods: Literature search for this review was conducted and data about traumatic brain injury collected from various sources. Results: The consequences of head injury are evident as chronic changes in cognition, including disturbances in concentration and slowing of mental and physical agility...
October 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277588/sport-related-traumatic-brain-injury-with-and-without-helmets-in-children
#14
Angela Bandte, Friederike-Sophie Fritzsche, Pedram Emami, Getrud Kammler, Klaus Püschel, Kara Krajewski
BACKGROUND: Soccer, bicycling and horseback riding are sports most commonly associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Germany. The latter are commonly practiced with helmets and data on helmet use and usefulness vary widely. METHODS: After ethics approval, retrospective analysis was performed for patients ages 5-17 from 01/2009- 08/2014 based on the diagnosis TBI using the electronic patient file for both university hospital locations. Descriptive data analysis, multi- and univariate logistic regression were employed to calculate the odds ratio...
December 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249082/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-women-playing-competitive-team-bat-or-stick-sports-a-systematic-review-and-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Nirmala Kanthi Panagodage Perera, Corey Joseph, Joanne Lyn Kemp, Caroline Frances Finch
BACKGROUND: Team bat-or-stick sports, including cricket, softball and hockey, are popular among women. However, little is known about the injury profile in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe the incidence, nature and anatomical location of injuries in bat-or-stick sports played by women in a competitive league. METHODS: This review was prospectively registered (PROSPERO CRD42015026715). CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, SPORTDiscus were systematically searched from January 2000 to September 2016, inclusive...
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240568/the-epidemiology-of-pediatric-head-injury-treated-outside-of-hospital-emergency-departments
#16
Cheryl K Zogg, R Sterling Haring, Likang Xu, Joseph K Canner, Hatim A AlSulaim, Zain G Hashmi, Ali Salim, Lilly D Engineer, Adil H Haider, Jeneita M Bell, Eric B Schneider
BACKGROUND: Although head trauma-related deaths, hospitalizations, and emergency department visits are well characterized, few studies describe pediatric patients presenting outside of emergency departments. We compared the epidemiology and extent of healthcare-seeking pediatric (0-17y) patients presenting in outpatient settings with those of patients seeking non-hospitalized emergency department care. METHODS: We used MarketScan Medicaid and commercial claims, 2004-2013, to identify patients managed in two outpatient settings (physician's offices/clinics, urgent care) and the emergency department...
December 13, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237499/risk-factors-for-first-hospitalization-due-to-meniscal-lesions-a-population-based-cohort-study-with-30%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up
#17
Tea Kontio, Markku Heliövaara, Harri Rissanen, Paul Knekt, Arpo Aromaa, Svetlana Solovieva
BACKGROUND: Meniscal lesions are among the most common injuries of the knee, yet limited epidemiologic data is available on their risk factors. We investigated the association of lifestyle factors and physical strenuousness of work on knee injuries with a focus on meniscal lesions. METHODS: We examined a nationally representative sample of persons aged 30 to 59 years, who participated in a comprehensive health examination (the Mini-Finland Health Survey). Subjects without any injury or osteoarthritis in the knee joint at baseline (n = 4713) were subsequently followed via the National Hospital Discharge Register up to 30 years...
December 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237356/the-influence-of-injury-definition-on-injury-burden-in-pre-professional-ballet-and-contemporary-dancers
#18
Sarah J Kenny, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
Study Design Cohort study. Background Multiple operational definitions of injury exist in dance research. The influence that these different injury definitions have on epidemiological estimations of injury burden among dancers warrants investigation. Objective To describe the influence of injury definition on injury prevalence, incidence, and severity in pre-professional ballet and contemporary dancers. Methods Dancers registered in full-time pre-professional ballet [n=85, 77 females, median age 15-years (range 11-19)] and contemporary [n=60, 58 females, median age 19-years (range 17-30)] training completed weekly online questionnaires (modified Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre's Questionnaire on Health Problems) using three injury definitions: (1) time-loss (unable to complete ≥1 class/rehearsal/performance ≥1 day(s) beyond onset); (2) medical attention; (3) any complaint...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227731/injuries-in-japanese-junior-soccer-players-during-games-and-practices
#19
Kenji Kuzuhara, Masashi Shibata, Ryo Uchida
CONTEXT:   Soccer is the most popular junior sport in the world. In junior sports, injury analysis and injury-prevention measures for players, especially those under 12 years of age, are urgently needed. OBJECTIVE:   To prospectively study the incidence, sites, types, and mechanisms of injuries in elementary school-aged junior soccer players during games and practices. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Elementary school-aged junior soccer teams in Nagoya, Japan...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227353/epidemiology-of-osteoarthritis-literature-update
#20
Ernest R Vina, C Kent Kwoh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight recent studies of osteoarthritis epidemiology, including research on prevalence, disease impact, and potential risk factors. RECENT FINDINGS: Osteoarthritis is highly prevalent in the United States and around the globe. It is a leading cause of disability and can negatively impact people's physical and mental well being. Healthcare resources and costs associated with managing the disease can be substantial...
December 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
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