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Sport injury epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423285/the-epidemiology-of-high-ankle-sprains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports
#1
Timothy C Mauntel, Erik A Wikstrom, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are among the most common injuries experienced by collegiate athletes. The type of ankle sprain is rarely differentiated in epidemiological studies. This differentiation is necessary, as each ankle sprain type has a unique injury mechanism and recovery period. High ankle sprains commonly result in long recovery periods. Thus, a further examination of the epidemiology of high ankle sprains is warranted. PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of high ankle sprains in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420431/injuries-in-extreme-sports
#2
REVIEW
Lior Laver, Ioannis P Pengas, Omer Mei-Dan
Extreme sports (ES) are usually pursued in remote locations with little or no access to medical care with the athlete competing against oneself or the forces of nature. They involve high speed, height, real or perceived danger, a high level of physical exertion, spectacular stunts, and heightened risk element or death.Popularity for such sports has increased exponentially over the past two decades with dedicated TV channels, Internet sites, high-rating competitions, and high-profile sponsors drawing more participants...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415868/-epidemiological-data-of-hungarian-skiers-and-snowboarders-medical-problems
#3
Péter Felkai, Ingrid Lengyel, Miklós Szokoly, Gábor Forgó
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: There are no high mountains or any advantageous circumstances for winter sports in Hungary, yet within the 10 million population there are about half a million people (the exact number is 550,000) who tend to go for skiing or snowboarding abroad. Authors compared the injury statistical data with results described in the international literature in order to develop conclusions about the differences in the injury patterns and frequency between the Hungarian ones' and those found in countries with plenty of winter sport possibilities...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414917/epidemiology-of-knee-sprains-in-youth-high-school-and-collegiate-american-football-players
#4
Daniel R Clifton, James A Onate, Eric Schussler, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Variations in knee-sprain incidence among competition levels are unclear but may help inform prevention strategies in American football players. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of knee sprains in youth, high school, and collegiate football players. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Injury and athlete-exposure (AE) data were collected from 3 injury-surveillance programs at the youth, high school, and collegiate competition levels...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391750/incidence-aetiology-and-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-volleyball-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
O Kilic, M Maas, E Verhagen, J Zwerver, V Gouttebarge
Currently, there is no overview of the incidence and (volleyball-specific) risk factors of musculoskeletal injuries among volleyball players, nor any insight into the effect of preventive measures on the incidence of injuries in volleyball. This study aimed to review systematically the scientific evidence on the incidence, prevalence, aetiology and preventive measures of volleyball injuries. To this end, a highly sensitive search strategy was built based on two groups of keywords (and their synonyms). Two electronic databases were searched, namely Medline (biomedical literature) via Pubmed, and SPORTDiscus (sports and sports medicine literature) via EBSCOhost...
April 9, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391716/epidemiological-survey-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-in-japanese-junior-high-school-and-high-school-athletes-cross-sectional-study
#6
Saeko Takahashi, Toru Okuwaki
We investigated the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries among athletes in junior high school and high school by retrospectively reviewing Japan Sports Council notification data registered over a period of 10 years. The total number of ACL injuries during the 10-year period was 30,458, with an incidence of 0.81 per 1000 athlete-years. Among those with ACL injuries, the ratio of girls to boys was 2.8, and incidence of injury was significantly greater among girls than boys (1.36 as against 0...
April 10, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387555/epidemiology-of-sport-related-concussions-in-high-school-athletes-national-athletic-treatment-injury-and-outcomes-network-nation-2011-2012-through-2013-2014
#7
Kathryn L O'Connor, Melissa M Baker, Sara L Dalton, Thomas P Dompier, Steven P Broglio, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT: Sports participation is one of the leading causes of concussions among nearly 8 million US high school student-athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of sport-related concussion (SRC) in 27 high school sports during the 2011-2012 through 2013-2014 academic years. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Aggregate injury and exposure data from 27 sports in 147 high schools in the National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION)...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383282/epidemiology-of-quadriceps-strains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-athletes-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#8
Timothy G Eckard, Zachary Y Kerr, Darin A Padua, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT:   Few researchers have examined the rates and patterns of quadriceps strains in student-athletes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of quadriceps strains in 25 NCAA sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Convenience sample of NCAA programs from 25 sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358221/descriptive-epidemiology-of-non-time-loss-injuries-in-collegiate-and-high-school-student-athletes
#9
Zachary Y Kerr, Robert C Lynall, Karen G Roos, Sara L Dalton, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT: Research on non-time-loss (NTL) injuries, which result in less than 24 hours of restriction from participation, is limited. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of NTL injuries among collegiate and high school student-athletes. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Aggregate injury and exposure data collected from a convenience sample of National College Athletic Association varsity teams and 147 high schools in 26 states...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349205/prevalence-and-clinical-features-of-sports-related-lumbosacral-stress-injuries-in-the-young
#10
Hideto Kaneko, Mototsune Murakami, Kazuya Nishizawa
BACKGROUND: Stress injuries (stress fractures and stress reactions) of the lumbosacral region are one of the causes of sports-related lower back pain in young individuals. These injuries can be detected by bone marrow edema lesion on MRI. However, little is known about the prevalence and clinical features of early stage lumbosacral stress injuries. This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of lumbosacral stress injuries. METHODS: A total of 312 patients (under 18 years of age) who complained of sports-related lower back pain that had lasted for ≥7 days underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans...
March 27, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344451/retrospective-injury-epidemiology-and-risk-factors-for-injury-in-crossfit
#11
Alicia M Montalvo, Hilary Shaefer, Belinda Rodriguez, Tan Li, Katrina Epnere, Gregory D Myer
The objective of the study is to examine injury epidemiology and risk factors for injury in CrossFit athletes. A survey was administered to athletes at four owner-operated facilities in South Florida. Respondents reported number, location of injury, and training exposure from the preceding six months and answered questions regarding potential risk factors for injury. Fifty out of 191 athletes sustained 62 injuries during CrossFit participation in the preceding six months. The most frequently injured locations were the shoulder, knee, and lower back...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327163/injuries-in-male-and-female-semi-professional-football-soccer-players-in-nigeria-prospective-study-of-a-national-tournament
#12
Oluwatoyosi Babatunde Alex Owoeye, Ayoola Ibifubara Aiyegbusi, Oluwaseun Akinleye Fapojuwo, Oluwaseun Abdulganiyu Badru, Anike Rasheedat Babalola
BACKGROUND: Research on the epidemiology of football injuries in Africa is very sparse despite its importance for injury prevention planning in a continent with limited sports medicine resources. The vast majority of studies available in literature were conducted in Europe and only a very few studies have prospectively reported the pattern of football injury in Africa. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and pattern of injuries in a cohort of male and female semi-professional football players in Nigeria...
March 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318315/the-epidemiology-of-deltoid-ligament-sprains-in-25-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports-2009-2010-through-2014-2015-academic-years
#13
Thomas J Kopec, Elizabeth E Hibberd, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Deltoid ligament sprains among collegiate student-athletes have not been extensively investigated. Research regarding the mechanisms, participation-restriction time, and recurrence of deltoid ligament sprains in collegiate student-athletes is lacking. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of deltoid ligament sprains in 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association championship sports. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study...
April 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314415/epidemiology-of-facial-injuries-in-sport
#14
REVIEW
Amanda M Black, Paul H Eliason, Declan A Patton, Carolyn A Emery
Facial injuries can pose a large health burden for athletes, potentially resulting in time loss and surgery. This article reviews the incidence, common mechanisms, and risk factors of facial injuries in several sports globally. Estimates of facial injury rates are complicated by a lack of, or inconsistent, reporting on specific types of injury. Much of the epidemiologic literature is based on hospital-based injury surveillance and there is a paucity of literature examining sport-specific risk factors. Future research should focus on prospective injury surveillance methodologies with consistent injury definitions examining risk factors and the effectiveness of facial injury prevention efforts...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298059/groin-problems-in-male-soccer-players-are-more-common-than-previously-reported
#15
Joar Harøy, Ben Clarsen, Kristian Thorborg, Per Hölmich, Roald Bahr, Thor Einar Andersen
BACKGROUND: The majority of surveillance studies in soccer have used a time-;loss injury definition, and many groin problems result from overuse, leading to gradually increasing pain and/or reduced performance without necessarily causing an absence from soccer training or match play. Thus, the magnitude of groin problems in soccer has probably been underestimated in previous studies based on traditional injury surveillance methods. PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of groin problems among soccer players of both sexes and among male soccer players at different levels of play through a new surveillance method developed to capture acute and overuse problems...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290466/incidence-of-acute-spinal-cord-injury-in-the-czech-republic-a-prospective-epidemiological-study-2006-2015
#16
J Kriz, M Kulakovska, H Davidova, M Silova, A Kobesova
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of epidemiological data about acute spinal cord injury (SCI) in the Czech Republic over a period of 10 years (2006-2015). METHODS: A data collection system was implemented in the rehabilitation centres which provides care to patients with acute SCI in the Czech Republic. The recorded variables are as follows: age at time of SCI; gender; cause of injury; neurological level of injury (NLI); and its severity (ASIA Impairment Scale (AIS))...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278378/subsequent-injuries-are-more-common-than-injury-recurrences
#17
Caroline F Finch, Jill Cook, Breanne E Kunstler, Muhammad Akram, John Orchard
BACKGROUND: It is known that some people can, and do, sustain >1 injury over a playing season. However, there is currently little high-quality epidemiological evidence about the risk of, and relationships between, multiple and subsequent injuries. PURPOSE: To describe the subsequent injuries sustained by Australian Football League (AFL) players over 1 season, including their most common injury diagnoses. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276909/how-should-we-categorise-self-reported-data-on-subsequent-injuries
#18
Philip von Rosen, Annette Heijne
Classifying subsequent injuries is of high importance in injury epidemiology since a previous injury has been reported to increase the risk of a new injury or increase the risk of a more severe injury. Multiple reports have shown that self-reported data provide an extensive view of an injury problem and add valuable information to the understanding of the athlete's health. The purpose of this study was to display a method that can be used to facilitate classification of subsequent injuries and to discuss challenges faced when categorising subsequent injuries based on self-reported data...
March 5, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195230/epidemiology-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-galicia-spain-trends-over-a-20-year-period
#19
A Montoto-Marqués, M E Ferreiro-Velasco, S Salvador-de la Barrera, V Balboa-Barreiro, A Rodriguez-Sotillo, R Meijide-Failde
STUDY DESIGN: Observational study with prospective and retrospective monitoring. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological and demographic characteristics of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), and to analyze its epidemiological changes. SETTING: Unidad de Lesionados Medulares, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, in Galicia (Spain). METHODS: The study included patients with TSCI who had been hospitalized between January 1995 and December 2014...
February 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148511/injuries-in-elite-korean-fencers-an-epidemiological-study
#20
Ki Jun Park, Song Brian Byung
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the risk of injury associated with training activities in a population of elite Korean fencers training for the Olympic games. METHODS: We analysed the incidence of sports injuries, based on data prospectively collected over an 8-year period (January 2008 to December 2015) at the National Training Center in Seoul, Korea. The population of elite fencing athletes was stratified according to fencing category (sabre, epee and foil), sex, injury location (body region and site) and injury severity (mild or level I injury, requiring treatment for 1-3 days; moderate or level II injury, requiring treatment for 4-7 days; and severe or level III injury, requiring treatment for ≥8 days)...
February 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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