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Sport injury epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895924/artificial-turf-contested-terrains-for-precautionary-public-health-with-particular-reference-to-europe
#1
Andrew Watterson
Millions of adults, children and teenagers use artificial sports pitches and playgrounds globally. Pitches are artificial grass and bases may be made up of crumb rubber from recycled tires or new rubber and sand. Player injury on pitches was a major concern. Now, debates about health focus on possible exposure and uptake of chemicals within pitch and base materials. Research has looked at potential risks to users from hazardous substances such as metals, volatile organic compounds, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons including benzo (a) (e) pyrenes and phthalates: some are carcinogens and others may be endocrine disruptors and have developmental reproductive effects...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895620/epidemiology-of-overuse-injuries-in-youth-team-sports-a-3-year-prospective-study
#2
Mari Leppänen, Kati Pasanen, Pekka Kannus, Tommi Vasankari, Urho M Kujala, Ari Heinonen, Jari Parkkari
Prospective studies on overuse injuries and their impact on athletic training among youth team sports are scarce. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence, severity and player related risk factors of overuse injuries among young (12-20 years) basketball and floorball players. A total of 387 players participated in a 3-year prospective study. Each player completed a baseline questionnaire regarding their background information. Overuse injuries that prevented players to fully or partly participate in their regular training were collected...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865874/predictors-of-falls-in-recreational-snowboard-jumping-an-observational-study
#3
Nico Kurpiers, Paul McAlpine, Uwe G Kersting
PURPOSE: Jumping is popular in the sport of snowboarding. Epidemiological research has shown an increased risk of injury associated with this activity. Falls are common when jumping and although there is a logical connection between falling and injury occurrence, thus far little attention has been given to factors involved in the jumping-fall relationship. The current study aimed to add to the current knowledge base by identifying predictors of falling during intentional snowboard jumping within terrain park facilities...
August 26, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852337/injuries-in-collegiate-wrestlers-at-an-elite-division-i-ncaa-wrestling-program-an-epidemiological-study
#4
Jesse E Otero, Christopher M Graves, Matthew J Bollier
BACKGROUND: Injury is common in the sport of wrestling. More than 6000 athletes compete in NCAA wrestling yearly. Despite this popularity, little is known about the epidemiology of wrestlers' injuries and factors affecting return to competition. We hypothesized that patterns of injury and associated factors influence return to participation. METHODS: Retrospective database review of one Division I NCAA wrestling program over nine seasons (2002 to 2011). RESULTS: From 2002 to 2011, 125 wrestlers were varsity participants at a single NCAA Division I program...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839406/an-appraisal-of-the-prevalence-and-attributes-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-the-permanent-anterior-teeth-among-7-14-year-old-school-children-of-north-east-delhi
#5
Kopal Garg, Namita Kalra, Rishi Tyagi, Amit Khatri, Gaurav Panwar
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, associated risk factors, characteristics, and pattern of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in the permanent anterior teeth among school children of North East Delhi area. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was done in 3000 school-going children aged 7-14 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A detailed case history and clinical examination were performed on the entire sample population...
April 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825878/injuries-in-australian-rules-football-an-overview-of-injury-rates-patterns-and-mechanisms-across-all-levels-of-play
#6
Richard Saw, Caroline F Finch, David Samra, Peter Baquie, Tanusha Cardoso, Danielle Hope, John W Orchard
CONTEXT: The nature of Australian rules football (Australian football) predisposes both unique and common injuries compared with those sustained in other football codes. The game involves a combination of tackling, kicking, high-speed running (more than other football codes), and jumping. Two decades of injury surveillance has identified common injuries at the professional level (Australian Football League [AFL]). OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of injuries in Australian rules football, including injury rates, patterns, and mechanisms across all levels of play...
August 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819815/-pediatric-finger-and-hand-injuries-an-epidemiological-study
#7
M Voth, Th Lustenberger, J Frank, I Marzi
BACKGROUND: The hand is the second most frequently injured region of the body in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate age-related injury patterns, trauma mechanisms, as well as the need for surgery in pediatric patients with injuries to the hand. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study analyzing the data between January 2008 and December 2014 at Frankfurt University Hospital. All patients were younger than 18 years old. All patients suffering trauma to the hand or the fingers were included...
August 17, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812040/effect-of-changes-in-artificial-turf-on-sports-injuries-in-male-university-soccer-players
#8
Kohei Fujitaka, Akira Taniguchi, Tsukasa Kumai, Shingo Otuki, Mamoru Okubo, Yasuhito Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing the types and severity of trauma and injuries caused by different types of field surfaces have been conducted. However, there have been no studies on sports injuries caused by temporal deterioration of long-pile artificial turf fields and related decreases in the rubber chip and silica sand infill. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of an artificial turf field on sports injuries in a university soccer team. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808625/epidemiology-of-open-fractures-in-sport-one-centre-s-15-year-retrospective-study
#9
Alexander M Wood, Greg A J Robertson, Kirsty MacLeod, Anna Porter, Charles M Court-Brown
AIM: To describe the epidemiology of sport-related open fractures from one centre's adult patient population over a 15-year period. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively-collected database was performed: The database contained information all sport-related open fractures, sustained from 1995 to 2009 in the Edinburgh, Mid and East Lothian Populations. RESULTS: Over the 15-year period, there were 85 fractures recorded in 84 patients...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801837/blunt-injuries-related-to-equestrian-sports-results-from-an-international-prospective-trauma-database-analysis
#10
Christian D Weber, Anthony R Nguyen, Rolf Lefering, Martijn Hofman, Frank Hildebrand, Hans-Christoph Pape
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the nature, management, and outcome of major injuries related to equestrian sports and to define the at-risk groups for serious and life-threatening injuries. METHODS: We analyzed demographic, pre-hospital, clinical, and outcome data from an international population-based prospective trauma database (TraumaRegister DGU®). Patients with major injuries (Injury Severity Score [ISS] ≥9 points) related to equestrian sports activities were included (January 1, 1993, to December 31, 2012)...
August 11, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795006/epidemiology-of-sports-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-young-athletes-in-united-states
#11
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Ai Yamasaki, Kelly Brown
Over the past several decades there has been increased participation in sports by children and adolescents at earlier ages in the United States, as well as more intense participation and specialization in sports at very early ages. This trend has also partly contributed to the patterns of injuries seen in young athletes, and especially in recent years, injuries previously seen in mature athletes are being seen in young athletes. Overall, the vast majority of sport-related musculoskeletal injuries in children and adolescents are due to repetitive overuse and acute macrotrauma is less frequently seen in young athletes...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763417/sport-and-sex-specific-reporting-trends-in-the-epidemiology-of-concussions-sustained-by-high-school-athletes
#12
Michael S Schallmo, Joseph A Weiner, Wellington K Hsu
BACKGROUND: Approximately 300,000 U.S. adolescents sustain concussions annually while participating in organized athletics. This study aimed to track sex and sport-specific trends among high school sports-related concussions over time, to identify whether a particular sport predisposes athletes to a higher risk, and to assess whether traumatic brain injury law enactments have been successful in improving recognition. METHODS: Injury data for academic years 2005 to 2014 were collected from annual reports generated by High School RIO (Reporting Information Online)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761701/high-prevalence-of-self-reported-injuries-and-illnesses-in-talented-female-athletes
#13
A Richardson, B Clarsen, E A L M Verhagen, J H Stubbe
BACKGROUND: A thorough knowledge of the epidemiology and severity of injuries and illness in youth female elite sports is lacking due to the methodological challenges involved in recording them. In this study, the prevalence and incidence of injuries and illness are assessed among youth female elite athletes. Instead of solely focusing on time-loss injuries, our study included all substantial and non-substantial health problems (ie, injuries, mental problems and illnesses). METHODS: Sixty young elite Dutch female athletes (age: 16...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745561/epidemiology-of-hip-flexor-and-hip-adductor-strains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-athletes-2009-2010-2014-2015
#14
Timothy G Eckard, Darin A Padua, Thomas P Dompier, Sara L Dalton, Kristian Thorborg, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Little research has examined the rates and patterns of hip flexor or hip adductor strains in student-athletes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of hip flexor and adductor strains in NCAA athletes during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: Rates and patterns of hip flexor and adductor strains in collegiate sports were examined in a convenience sample of NCAA varsity teams from 25 sports...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742608/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-women-s-lacrosse-implications-for-sport-level-and-sex-specific-injury-prevention-strategies
#15
Kim D Barber Foss, Ed Le Cara, Teri McCambridge, Richard Y Hinton, Adam Kushner, Gregory D Myer
OBJECTIVE: By the end of 2013, the United States had an estimated 278 000 female lacrosse players, with half of those participating at the youth level. The effects of the sport's rapid growth on injury rates have yet to be determined. The purpose of this clinical review is to synthesize the available published data on injuries that have occurred in the sport of women's lacrosse. Of particular interest was the risk of injury based on the level of play and position. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, High Wire Press, SPORTDiscus, Google Scholar, and Ovid using the keywords "Lacrosse Injuries," "Epidemiology Lacrosse Injuries," "Lacrosse Injury," "Lacrosse," and "Injury...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736353/sport-related-structural-brain-injury-three-cases-of-subdural-hemorrhage-in-american-high-school-football
#16
Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Ryan M Gardner, Andrew W Kuhn, Gary S Solomon, Christopher M Bonfield, Scott L Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: The risk of sport-related concussion (SRC) has emerged as a major public health concern. In rare instances, sport-related head injuries can be even more severe, such as subdural hemorrhage, epidural hemorrhage, or malignant cerebral edema. Unlike SRCs, sport-related structural brain injury (SRSBI) is rare, may require neurosurgical intervention, and can lead to permanent neurologic deficit or death. Data characterizing SRSBI is limited and many have recognized the need to better understand these catastrophic brain injuries...
July 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707498/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-men-s-lacrosse-injury-prevention-implications-for-competition-level-type-of-play-and-player-position
#17
Kim D Barber Foss, Ed Le Cara, Teri McCambridge, Richard Hinton, Adam Kushner, Gregory D Myer
OBJECTIVE: The growth in participation in men's lacrosse has increased the likelihood of sport-specific injuries, yet there continues to be a need for specific epidemiological data concerning lacrosse injuries. The purpose of this literature review is to aggregate available published data on injuries that occur in the sport of men's lacrosse at the youth, high school, collegiate, and professional levels. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, High Wire Press, SPORTDiscus, Google Scholar, and Ovid, using the keywords Lacrosse Injuries, Epidemiology Lacrosse Injuries, Lacrosse Injury, Lacrosse AND Injury and limited to 1990-2016...
July 31, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702921/acl-return-to-sport-guidelines-and-criteria
#18
REVIEW
George J Davies, Eric McCarty, Matthew Provencher, Robert C Manske
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Because of the epidemiological incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, the high reinjury rates that occur when returning back to sports, the actual number of patients that return to the same premorbid level of competition, the high incidence of osteoarthritis at 5-10-year follow-ups, and the effects on the long-term health of the knee and the quality of life for the patient, individualizing the return to sports after ACL reconstruction (ACL-R) is critical...
July 12, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680897/high-prevalence-of-nontraumatic-shoulder-pain-in-a-regional-sample-of-female-high-school-volleyball-athletes
#19
Kayt E Frisch, Jacob Clark, Chad Hanson, Chris Fagerness, Adam Conway, Lindsay Hoogendoorn
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is becoming increasingly problematic in young players as volleyball gains popularity. Associations between repetitive motion and pain and overuse injury have been observed in other overhand sports (most notably baseball). Studies of adult athletes suggest that there is a shoulder pain and overuse problem present in volleyball players, but minimal research has been done to establish rates and causes in juvenile participants. PURPOSE: To establish rates of shoulder pain, regardless of whether it resulted in a loss of playing time, in female high school volleyball players...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673405/the-current-state-of-sports-concussion
#20
REVIEW
Johna K Register-Mihalik, Melissa C Kay
Concussion is a complex injury that requires a multimodal assessment to identify and manage the resulting dysfunction. To appropriately manage concussion, clinicians must be aware of the accompanying pathophysiology and dysfunction that occurs following the injury. The current best practice model of care includes symptom, motor, and neurocognitive assessment and management. Furthermore, clinicians should be aware that lifetime accumulation of head impacts may also play a role in neurologic presentation and response to concussion...
August 2017: Neurologic Clinics
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