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Sport injury epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644776/eye-injuries-in-high-school-and-collegiate-athletes
#1
Barry P Boden, Lauren A Pierpoint, Rebecca G Boden, R Dawn Comstock, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Although eye injuries constitute a small percentage of high school and college sports injuries, they have the potential to be permanently debilitating. HYPOTHESIS: Eye injury rates will vary by sport, sex, and between the high school and college age groups. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Data from eye injury reports in high school and college athletes were obtained from the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance System, High School Reporting Information Online (HS RIO) database over a 10-year span (2005-2006 through 2014-2015 school years) and the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program (ISP) over an 11-year span (2004-2005 through 2014-2015 school years)...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638840/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-stand-up-paddle-boarding
#2
James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Mike Climstein, Wayne Hing
BACKGROUND: Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology. PURPOSE: To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622025/comparison-of-concussion-rates-between-ncaa-division-i-and-division-iii-men-s-and-women-s-ice-hockey-players
#3
John M Rosene, Bryan Raksnis, Brie Silva, Tyler Woefel, Paul S Visich, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Examinations related to divisional differences in the incidence of sports-related concussions (SRC) in collegiate ice hockey are limited. PURPOSE: To compare the epidemiologic patterns of concussion in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) ice hockey by sex and division. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: A convenience sample of men's and women's ice hockey teams in Divisions I and III provided SRC data via the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program during the 2009-2010 to 2014-2015 academic years...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612704/cartilage-status-in-fai-patients-results-from-the-danish-hip-arthroscopy-registry-dhar
#4
Bent Lund, Torsten Grønbech Nielsen, Martin Lind
INTRODUCTION: The femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) morphology is associated with specific cartilage lesions, which are suspected to be early stages of the osteoarthritic development, which can be the end result of FAI. The cartilage status of FAI afflicted hip joints at the time of arthroscopic management is not fully elucidated. This study from the Danish Hip Arthroscopy Registry (DHAR) will try to show data on the cartilage status from a large cohort. Data from a national registry potentially represent large amounts of population-based epidemiological information from multiple centres and surgeons...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606439/the-epidemiological-analysis-of-maxillofacial-fractures-in-italy-the-experience-of-a-single-tertiary-center-with-1720-patients
#5
Paola Bonavolontà, Giovanni Dell'aversana Orabona, Vincenzo Abbate, Luigi Angelo Vaira, Carmelo Lo Faro, Marzia Petrocelli, Federica Attanasi, Giacomo De Riu, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
PURPOSE: Maxillofacial fractures represent a serious public health problem. Their epidemiology is extremely variable, and its analysis is crucial to establish effective treatment and prevention of these injuries. However only two works have been published about maxillofacial fracture epidemiology in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 1720 patients diagnosed with maxillofacial fractures in a 15-years period (2001-2015) in our department were retrospectively reviewed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601422/exposure-to-surgery-and-anesthesia-after-concussion-due-to-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Arnoley S Abcejo, Rodolfo Savica, William L Lanier, Jeffrey J Pasternak
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of surgical and anesthetic procedures in patients recently diagnosed as having a concussion due to mild traumatic brain injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Study patients presented to a tertiary care center after a concussion due to mild traumatic brain injury from July 1, 2005, through June 30, 2015, and underwent a surgical procedure and anesthesia support under the direct or indirect care of a physician anesthesiologist. RESULTS: During the study period, 1038 patients met all the study inclusion criteria and subsequently received 1820 anesthetics...
June 7, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587262/trends-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-in-victoria-australia-2005-2015
#7
Louise Shaw, Caroline F Finch
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in children and adolescents have been the focus of recent media attention and parental concern, given their potential for adverse long-term health outcomes and healthcare costs. However, there is limited formal evidence on trends in the incidence of ACL injuries in children. This study utilizes the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset (VAED) to characterize epidemiologic trends of hospital-admitted ACL injuries in those aged 5 to 14 years over a period of 10 years from 2005 to 2015...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566813/kickboxing-review-anthropometric-psychophysiological-and-activity-profiles-and-injury-epidemiology
#8
REVIEW
M Slimani, H Chaabene, B Miarka, E Franchini, K Chamari, F Cheour
Kickboxing is one of the modern combat sports. The psychophysiological demands of a kickboxing competition require athletes to achieve high thresholds of several aspects of physical fitness. The aim of the current review is to critically analyse and appraise the kickboxer's anthropometric, physiological, physical and psychological attributes with the activity profile and injury epidemiology in order to provide practical recommendations for training as well as new areas of scientific research. The available information shows that both amateur and elite-level male kickboxers are characterized by a higher proportion of mesomorphy with a well-developed muscle mass and low body fat percentage...
June 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556681/epidemiology-of-shoulder-dislocations-in-high-school-and-collegiate-athletics-in-the-united-states-2004-2005-through-2013-2014
#9
Matthew J Kraeutler, Dustin W Currie, Zachary Y Kerr, Karen G Roos, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Shoulder dislocations occur frequently in athletes across a variety of sports. This study provides an updated descriptive epidemiological analysis of shoulder dislocations among high school and college athletes and compares injury rates and patterns across these age groups. HYPOTHESIS: There would be no difference in injury rates/patterns between high school and college athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3...
May 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555532/insights-into-the-epidemiology-aetiology-and-associations-of-infraspinatus-atrophy-in-overhead-athletes-a-systematic-review
#10
Dimitrios Challoumas, Georgios Dimitrakakis
Infraspinatus atrophy (IA) is much more prevalent in overhead sports compared with the general population. Its exact aetiology in this group of athletes remains unclear and definitive associations with pathology and performance have not yet been reached. The aim of this systematic review is to present the evidence on IA in overhead athletes focussing on the proposed mechanisms of suprascapular neuropathy and its associations with shoulder pathology and performance. A thorough literature search via Medline, EMBASE and Scopus was performed...
May 30, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547586/both-isolated-and-multi-ligament-posterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-results-in-improved-subjective-outcome-results-from-the-danish-knee-ligament-reconstruction-registry
#11
Martin Lind, Torsten Grønbech Nielsen, Kristian Behrndtz
PURPOSE: There are few descriptions of outcomes after posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction in the literature due to the rarity of this type of knee injury. Since 2005, the Danish Knee Ligament Reconstruction Registry (DKRR) has monitored outcomes of PCL reconstructions. This study describes the epidemiology of PCL reconstruction and subsequent outcomes in a Danish population. METHODS: Of 23,253 knee ligament reconstructions performed in 2005-2015, 581 were registered as PCL reconstructions in the DKRR...
May 25, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535098/ball-contact-injuries-in-11-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports-the-injury-surveillance-program-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#12
Melissa A Fraser, Dustin R Grooms, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Surveillance data regarding injuries caused by ball contact in collegiate athletes have not been well examined and are mostly limited to discussions of concussions and catastrophic injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of ball-contact injuries in 11 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Convenience sample of NCAA programs in 11 sports (men's football, women's field hockey, women's volleyball, men's baseball, women's softball, men's and women's basketball, men's and women's lacrosse, and men's and women's soccer) during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510641/community-level-football-injury-epidemiology-traumatic-injuries-treated-at-swedish-emergency-medical-facilities
#13
Toomas Timpka, Jan Schyllander, Diana Stark Ekman, Robert Ekman, Örjan Dahlström, Martin Hägglund, Karolina Kristenson, Jenny Jacobsson
Despite the popularity of the sport, few studies have investigated community-level football injury patterns. This study examines football injuries treated at emergency medical facilities using data from three Swedish counties. An open-cohort design was used based on residents aged 0-59 years in three Swedish counties (pop. 645 520). Data were collected from emergency medical facilities in the study counties between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2010. Injury frequencies and proportions for age groups stratified by sex were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) and displayed per diagnostic group and body location...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506480/the-epidemiology-of-inpatient-pediatric-trauma-in-united-states-hospitals-2000-to-2011
#14
Jamie Oliver, Jacob Avraham, Spiros Frangos, Sandra Tomita, Charles DiMaggio
BACKGROUND: This study provides important updates to the epidemiology of pediatric trauma in the United States. METHODS: Age-specific epidemiologic analysis of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's Nationwide Inpatient Sample, representing 2.4 million pediatric traumatic injury discharges in the US from 2000 to 2011. We present yearly data with overlying loess smoothing lines, proportions of common injuries and surgical procedures, and survey-adjusted logistic regression analysis...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488835/incidence-of-injury-and-illness-in-south-african-professional-male-football-players-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Helen Bayne, Martin Schwellnus, Dina Janse Van Rensburg, Jhano Botha, Lervasen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Medical illnesses and sports-related injuries both have an effect on athlete health and performance. Epidemiology of injury and illness has been extensively researched during international football tournaments and the European football season. Reports on injury location and severity differ across geographical regions, and there is limited information on injury epidemiology in African football leagues. No studies have investigated the illness burden in football in Africa. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study involving two football teams over the 10- month duration of the 2015/16 Premier Soccer League in South Africa...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480575/comprehensive-headache-experience-in-collegiate-student-athletes-an-initial-report-from-the-ncaa-headache-task-force
#16
Tad Seifert, Alicia Sufrinko, Robert Cowan, W Scott Black, Dave Watson, Bill Edwards, Scott Livingston, Keith Webster, David Akers, Mathew Lively, Anthony P Kontos
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of primary headache disorders in the general population provides a unique challenge in the evaluation of headache occurring in the context of sport. Despite a wealth of studies exploring the epidemiology of headache in the layperson, little is known about the prevalence and nature of headaches in collegiate student-athletes. These scenarios are challenging in the return to play context, as it is often unclear whether an athlete has an exacerbation of a primary headache disorder, new onset headache unrelated to trauma, or has suffered a concussive injury...
May 7, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450995/-epidemiological-aspects-of-spinal-traumas-about-139-cases
#17
Joseph Synèse Bemora, Willy Francis Rakotondraibe, Mijoro Ramarokoto, Willy Ratovondrainy, Clément Andriamamonjy
Spinal trauma is one of the most common types of injuries among victims of traffic accidents, sports accidents, domestic accidents and workplace accidents. We conducted a 3-year retrospective study of 139 cases of spinal trauma hospitalized and treated in the Neurosurgery department of the CHUJRA, Madagascar. This study shows that 25.17% of injured patients were between 21 and 30 years of age, with a clear male predominance (69.78%; sex ratio 2.3). Falls were the dominating traumatic injury mechanism (33.09%) with risk factors including alcohol use (8...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446454/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-judo-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-severe-injuries-based-on-time-loss-and-reduction-in-sporting-level
#18
Ralph Akoto, Christophe Lambert, Maurice Balke, Bertil Bouillon, Karl-Heinz Frosch, Jürgen Höher
BACKGROUND: Sport injury severity can be detected by duration of time loss and reduction of sporting performance. AIM: To detect injury type-specific time loss duration and sporting performance reduction in judo. METHODS: An online survey of active and former judo athletes was conducted (exclusion criterion: incomplete questionnaire). Only injuries causing more than 3 weeks' time loss were recorded. Athletes classified themselves into performance classes...
April 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439058/-calcium-and-bone-metabolism-across-women-s-life-stages-stress-fracture-in-female-athletes
#19
Kazuyoshi Yagishita
Stress fractures are common overuse injuries in athletes, especially in long-distance runner, jumping sports and gymnastics in female athletes. The pathology of stress fracture mainly includes repeated biomechanical loading, which leads to bone micro-damage and failure of bone structure. Female athlete triad(FAT), which includes low energy availability with or without an eating disorder, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, and osteoporosis, is a serious healthcare concern in female athletes. For prevention and treatment of stress fracture, management of biomechanical factors modifying the load applied to a bone is important, and especially in female athletes, management for FAT is one of the important factors...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435336/anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-reinjury-in-alpine-ski-racing-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Matthew J Jordan, Per Aagaard, Walter Herzog
The purpose of the present review was to: 1) provide an overview of the current understanding on the epidemiology, etiology, risk factors, and prevention methods for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in alpine ski racing; and 2) provide an overview of what is known pertaining to ACL reinjury and return to sport after ACL injury in alpine ski racing. Given that most of the scientific studies on ACL injuries in alpine ski racing have been descriptive, and that very few studies contributed higher level scientific evidence, a nonsystematic narrative review was employed...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
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