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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331375/negative-psychological-responses-of-injury-and-rehabilitation-adherence-effects-on-return-to-play-in-competitive-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Andreas Ivarsson, Ulrika Tranaeus, Urban Johnson, Andreas Stenling
Previous research offers evidence that psychological factors influence an injured athlete during the rehabilitation process. Our first objective was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the results from all published studies that examined the relationships among negative affective responses after sport injuries, rehabilitation adherence, and return to play (RTP). The second objective was to use a meta-analytic path analysis to investigate whether an indirect effect existed between negative affective responses and RTP through rehabilitation adherence...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314419/eye-and-orbital-injuries-in-sports
#2
REVIEW
Jonathan A Micieli, Michael Easterbrook
Sports-related eye and orbital injuries continue to occur regularly and may have serious consequences. They are completely preventable when appropriate protection is worn, particularly with polycarbonate lenses. Eye protection is available for most sports and should be worn in accordance with the standards of regional authorities. It is important for first responders to identify red flags in the history and physical examination of an injured athlete for urgent referral to an ophthalmologist. Common sports-related eye injuries include corneal abrasion, subconjunctival hemorrhage, hyphema, vitreous hemorrhage, retinal tears and detachment...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298051/a-systematic-review-and-appraisal-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-musculoskeletal-soft-tissue-injuries-and-conditions
#3
Daniel Pincus, John E Kuhn, Ujash Sheth, Katie Rizzone, Kristi Colbenson, Tim Dwyer, Ashley Karpinos, Paul H Marks, David Wasserstein
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are published by several sports medicine institutions. A systematic evaluation can help identify the highest quality CPGs for clinical use and identify any deficiencies that remain. PURPOSE: To identify and appraise CPGs relevant to clinical sports medicine professionals. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Predetermined selection criteria were utilized by 2 reviewers who independently identified published CPGs before January 1, 2014...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292694/asb-clinical-biomechanics-award-winner-2016-assessment-of-gaze-stability-within-24-48hours-post-concussion
#4
Nicholas G Murray, Nathan R D'Amico, Douglas Powell, Megan E Mormile, Katelyn E Grimes, Barry A Munkasy, Russell K Gore, Rebecca J Reed-Jones
BACKGROUND: Approximately 90% of athletes with concussion experience a certain degree of visual system dysfunction immediately post-concussion. Of these abnormalities, gaze stability deficits are denoted as among the most common. Little research quantitatively explores these variables post-concussion. As such, the purpose of this study was to investigate and compare gaze stability between a control group of healthy non-injured athletes and a group of athletes with concussions 24-48hours post-injury...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282478/the-relationship-between-muscular-strength-and-dance-injuries-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
João P Moita, Alexandre Nunes, José Esteves, Raul Oliveira, Luis Xarez
BACKGROUND: The physical demands placed on dancers put them at significant risk for injury, with rates similar to ones sustained by athletes in sports at the same level of performance. Muscle strength has been suggested to play a preventative role against injury in dancers. OBJECTIVE: To systematically search and examine the available evidence on the protective role of muscle strength in dance injuries. METHODS: Five electronic databases and two dance-specific science publications were screened up to September 2015...
March 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268240/-causes-of-accidents-and-risk-factors-among-adults-during-recreational-sledging-tobogganing-a-retrospective-study
#6
Gerhard Ruedl, Elena Pocecco, Christoph Raas, Peter U Brucker, Klaus Greier, Martin Burtscher
Background Recreational sledging (tobogganing) is a very popular winter sport in Alpine regions. Ascending and sledging down on the same track, however, might be associated with a certain risk of injury. Therefore, the aim of this study was to gather data on the causes of accidents and potential risk factors during recreational sledging. Methods Adults indulging in recreational sledging were interviewed between March 2013 and March 2015 at six public sledging tracks in the environs of the city of Innsbruck (Tyrol, Austria) on demographics, skill level, sledging frequency, risk-taking behavior, use of protective gear, type of sledge used, previous sledging-related injuries, injured body parts and causes of accidents...
March 7, 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267868/validity-of-the-spex-sports-injury-surveillance-system-for-time-loss-and-medical-attention-injuries-in-sports
#7
M Møller, N Wedderkopp, G Myklebust, M Lind, H Sørensen, J J Hebert, C A Emery, J Attermann
The accurate measurement of sport exposure time and injury occurrence is key to effective injury prevention and management. Current measures are limited by their inability to identify all types of sport-related injury, narrow scope of injury information, or lack the perspective of the injured athlete. The aims of the study were to evaluate the proportion of injuries and the agreement between sport exposures reported by the SMS messaging and follow-up telephone part of the SMS, Phone, and medical staff Examination (SPEx) sports injury surveillance system when compared to measures obtained by trained on-field observers and medical staff (comparison method)...
March 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253031/the-relationship-between-training-load-and-injury-in-men-s-professional-basketball-players
#8
Kaitlyn J Weiss, Sian V Allen, Mike R McGuigan, Chris S Whatman
PURPOSE: To establish the relationship between the acute:chronic workload ratio and lower extremity overuse injuries in professional basketball players over the course of a competitive season. METHODS: The acute:chronic workload ratio was determined by calculating the sum of the current week's session rate of perceived exertion (sRPE) training load (acute load) and dividing it by the average weekly training load over the previous four weeks (chronic load). All injuries were recorded weekly using a self-reported injury questionnaire (Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre Injury Questionnaire(20)) Workload ratios were modelled against injury data using a logistic regression model with unique intercepts for each player...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236094/-diseases-and-overuse-injuries-of-the-lower-extremities-in-long-distance-runners
#9
REVIEW
M Tschopp, F Brunner
Running is one of the most popular sports worldwide, with running events attracting hundreds of thousands of runners of all age groups. Running is an effective way to improve health but is also associated with a high risk of injuries. Up to 50% of regular runners report having more than one injury each year. Some injuries are caused by an accident but most are caused by overuse. The most frequent diagnoses are patellofemoral pain syndrome, tibial stress syndrome (shin splint), Achilles tendinopathy, iliotibial band friction syndrome (runner's knee), plantar fasciitis and stress fractures of the metatarsals and tibia...
February 24, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229574/athlete-presentations-and-sports-injury-frequencies-by-sport-branches-at-a-university-sports-medicine-clinic
#10
Bernard Tahirbegolli, Şensu Dinçer, Ömer B Gözübüyük, Ufuk Değirmenci, Safinaz Yildiz, Suphi Vehid
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the profile of athletes by determining the branch of sports, type, and area of sustained sports injury, and the frequencies through athletes' presentations to the largest university clinic in one of the most crowded and athletepopulated cities of Turkey, Istanbul. MATERIALS AND METHODS: THE study population comprised 1302 athletes who presented to the sports medicine clinic between the dates of July 1st, 2014, and June 30th, 2015...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219942/a-higher-sport-related-reinjury-risk-does-not-mean-inadequate-rehabilitation-the-methodological-challenge-of-choosing-the-correct-comparison-group
#11
REVIEW
Ian Shrier, Meng Zhao, Alexandre Piché, Pavel Slavchev, Russell J Steele
Previous injury is a well-established predictor of subsequent injury in sports medicine. Some have interpreted this to mean that either our current methods of rehabilitation are inadequate or there is some permanent damage to the tissue and 100% rehabilitation is not possible. In 2011, we illustrated that these analyses and interpretations failed to account for the fact that some athletes are more prone to get injured, either physiologically, or because of their role/type of play. We suggested that the appropriate analysis would simply require using statistical methods that measured how each individual athlete's risk changed from preinjury to postinjury...
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210805/transcutaneous-carbon-dioxide-application-accelerates-muscle-injury-repair-in-rat-models
#12
Shiho Akahane, Yoshitada Sakai, Takeshi Ueha, Hanako Nishimoto, Miho Inoue, Takahiro Niikura, Ryosuke Kuroda
PURPOSE: Skeletal muscle injuries are commonly observed in sports and traumatology medicine. Previously, we demonstrated that transcutaneous application of carbon dioxide (CO2) to lower limbs increased the number of muscle mitochondria and promoted muscle endurance. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether transcutaneous CO2 application could enhance recovery from muscle injury. METHODS: Tibialis anterior muscle damage was induced in 27 Sprague Dawley rats via intramuscular injection of bupivacaine...
February 16, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203600/do-muscle-strength-deficits-of-the-uninvolved-hip-and-knee-exist-in-young-athletes-before-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#13
Joseph Hannon, Sharon Wang-Price, Shiho Goto, J Craig Garrison, James M Bothwell
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength of the involved limb is known to be decreased after injury. Comparison with the uninvolved limb has become standard of practice to measure progress and for calculation of limb symmetry indices (LSIs) to determine readiness to return to sport. However, some literature suggests strength changes in the uninvolved limb also are present after lower extremity injury. PURPOSE: To examine the uninvolved limb strength in a population of adolescent athletes after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and compare strength values with those of the dominant limb in a healthy control group...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187890/evaluation-of-a-smartphone-based-assessment-system-in-subjects-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#14
Ya-Lan Chiu, Yi-Ju Tsai, Chueh-Ho Lin, You-Ruei Hou, Wen-Hsu Sung
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprain is the most common sports-related injury, and approximately 80% of patients studied suffered recurrent sprains. These repeated ankle injuries could cause chronic ankle instability, a decrease in sports performance, and a decrease in postural control ability. At the present time, smartphones have become very popular and powerful devices, and smartphone applications (apps) that have been shown to have good validity have been designed to measure human body motion...
February 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163571/prevalence-patterns-and-correlates-of-equestrian-injuries-in-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Nizar A Majeedkutty, Nor A B Khairulanuar
BACKGROUND: Equestrian sport carries with it an implicit risk of injury. Despite the frequency of injuries in equestrian sports, there is no published study on injuries of equestrian athletes in Malaysia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of injuries and its correlates among horseback riders. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A web-based standardized questionnaire was used to collect data for this cross-sectional survey...
January 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161188/hip-muscle-strength-is-decreased-in-middle-aged-recreational-male-athletes-with-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
B Habets, H W Smits, F J G Backx, R E H van Cingel, B M A Huisstede
OBJECTIVE: Investigating differences in hip muscle strength between athletes with Achilles tendinopathy (AT) and asymptomatic controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case-control study. SETTING: Sports medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve recreational male athletes with mid-portion AT and twelve matched asymptomatic controls. OUTCOME MEASURES: Isometric strength of the hip abductors, external rotators, and extensors was measured using a handheld dynamometer...
September 13, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146405/the-youth-throwing-score
#17
Christopher S Ahmad, Ajay S Padaki, Manish S Noticewala, Eric C Makhni, Charles A Popkin
BACKGROUND: Epidemic levels of shoulder and elbow injuries have been reported recently in youth and adolescent baseball players. Despite the concerning frequency of these injuries, no instrument has been validated to assess upper extremity injury in this patient population. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to validate an upper extremity assessment tool specifically designed for young baseball players. We hypothesized that this tool will be both reliable and valid. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142363/higher-fat-mass-is-associated-with-a-history-of-knee-injury-in-youth-sport
#18
Clodagh M Toomey, Jackie L Whittaker, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Raylene A Reimer, Linda J Woodhouse, Brianna Ghali, Patricia K Doyle-Baker, Carolyn A Emery
Study Design Historical cohort study. Background History of a knee joint injury and increased fat mass are risk factors for joint disease. Objective The objective of this study was to examine differences in adiposity, physical activity, and cardiorespiratory fitness between youths with a 3- to 10-year history of sport-related intra-articular knee injury and uninjured controls. Methods One hundred young adults (aged 15-26 years; 55% female) with a sport-related intra-articular knee injury sustained 3 to 10 years previously and 100 controls matched for age, sex, and sport, who had no history of intra-articular knee injury, were recruited...
February 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129848/using-the-zebrafish-to-understand-tendon-development-and-repair
#19
J W Chen, J L Galloway
Tendons are important components of our musculoskeletal system. Injuries to these tissues are very common, resulting from occupational-related injuries, sports-related trauma, and age-related degeneration. Unfortunately, there are few treatment options, and current therapies rarely restore injured tendons to their original function. An improved understanding of the pathways regulating their development and repair would have significant impact in stimulating the formulation of regenerative-based approaches for tendon injury...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127676/distal-radius-fractures-in-the-athlete
#20
REVIEW
Casey Beleckas, Ryan Calfee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Distal radius fractures are one of the most common upper extremity fractures. Athletes with distal radius fractures are treated according to the same principles as non-athletes but present several unique considerations. At all levels of sport, injured athletes desire to return to play as rapidly as possible. RECENT FINDINGS: Earlier operative fixation may allow an athlete to return to play more quickly. Volar locking plates are most commonly used for operative treatment of distal radius fractures due to their stability and low incidence of complications...
March 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
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