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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147670/isokinetic-extension-strength-is-associated-with-single-leg-vertical-jump-height
#1
Felix Fischer, Cornelia Blank, Tobias Dünnwald, Peter Gföller, Elmar Herbst, Christian Hoser, Christian Fink
Background: Isokinetic strength testing is an important tool in the evaluation of the physical capacities of athletes as well as for decision making regarding return to sports after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in both athletes and the lay population. However, isokinetic testing is time consuming and requires special testing equipment. Hypothesis: A single-jump test, regardless of leg dominance, may provide information regarding knee extension strength through the use of correlation analysis of jump height and peak torque of isokinetic muscle strength...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117428/change-in-knee-flexor-torque-after-fatiguing-exercise-identifies-previous-hamstring-injury-in-football-players
#2
Cameron Lord, Fadi Ma'ayah, Anthony J Blazevich
PURPOSE: Muscular fatigue and inter-limb strength asymmetry are factors known to influence hamstring injury risk, however limb-specific exacerbation of knee flexor (hamstrings) torque production after fatiguing exercise has previously been ignored. To investigate changes in muscular force production before and after sport-specific (repeated-sprint) and non-specific (knee extension-flexion) fatiguing exercise, and explore the sensitivity and specificity of isokinetic endurance (i.e. muscle-specific) and single-leg vertical jump (i...
November 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116830/hip-strength-as-a-predictor-of-ankle-sprains-in-male-soccer-players-a-prospective-study
#3
Christopher M Powers, Navid Ghoddosi, Rachel K Straub, Khalil Khayambashi
CONTEXT:   Diminished hip-abductor strength has been suggested to increase the risk of noncontact lateral ankle sprains. OBJECTIVE:   To determine prospectively whether baseline hip-abductor strength predicts future noncontact lateral ankle sprains in competitive male soccer players. DESIGN:   Prospective cohort study. SETTING:   Athletic training facilities and various athletic fields. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Two hundred ten competitive male soccer players...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110567/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-a-new-ibuprofen-200mg-plaster-in-patients-with-acute-sports-related-traumatic-blunt-soft-tissue-injury-contusion
#4
Hans-Georg Predel, Bruno Giannetti, Mark P Connolly, Fraser Lewis, Aomesh Bhatt
BACKGROUND: Ibuprofen is used for the treatment of non-serious pain. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of a new ibuprofen plaster for the treatment of pain associated with acute sports impact injuries/contusions. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, multi-centre, placebo controlled, parallel group study, adults (n=130; 18-58 years of age) diagnosed with acute sports-related blunt soft tissue injury/contusion were randomized to receive either ibuprofen 200 mg plaster or placebo plaster...
November 7, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108447/from-which-level-of-competition-in-clubs-are-adolescents-at-greater-risk-of-injury-compared-with-outside-of-clubs-athletes-a-school-based-study
#5
Maxime Luiggi, Victoria Rindler, Jean Griffet
OBJECTIVES: Sport practice is a key factor in a person's physical and mental health but, for adolescent athletes, some injuries lead to health problems in the long term. The literature provides multiple factors for understanding injury but does not give information about injury risk related to each level of play in a large sample of multisport athletes. This study investigates this relationship in 14- to 19-year-old adolescents. METHODS: The survey on adolescents and health was conducted in classrooms of France, from February to March 2015...
November 7, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100184/does-a-not-so-recent-ankle-sprain-influence-interjoint-coordination-during-walking
#6
Philippe Dedieu, Rima Chamoun, Guilhaume Lacaud, Thibault Moulinat, Maxime Queron, Pier-Giorgio Zanone
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are common joint injuries in daily and sports activities, whose underlying mechanisms have been amply studied. If joint structures are directly damaged, neuromuscular activity can be affected, particularly in the time domain. This study aims to establish whether previous ankle injury correlates with changes in the inter-joint synergy of the entire lower limb and in the muscle activity pattern during walking. METHODS: Three-dimensional walking-gait analysis was conducted on twenty-four adults...
October 18, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091514/the-post-injury-psychological-sequelae-of-high-level-jamaican-athletes-exploration-of-a-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-self-efficacy-conceptualisation
#7
André Bateman, Kai A D Morgan
CONTEXT: Athletes at the highest levels appear to be most affected by sport-related injuries and suffer both physiologically and psychologically. Established models of psychological responses to injury however do not offer a comprehensive explanation based on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), though some studies suggest that injuries may be interpreted as traumatic. Studies also suggest that perceived self-efficacy may be a mediator of PTSD development. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the psychological sequelae experienced by high-level athletes as a result of sport related injuries based on a PTSD-Self-Efficacy framework...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079366/quality-of-fracture-reduction-assessed-by-radiological-parameters-and-its-influence-on-functional-results-in-patients-with-pilon-fractures-a-prospective-multicentre-study
#8
Christoph Sommer, Sean E Nork, Matthew Graves, Michael Blauth, Mark Rudin, Karl Stoffel
INTRODUCTION: The management of pilon fractures remains a challenging issue. Due to the complexity of factors that influence the outcome, it has been questioned if anatomical reductions of articular fracture are relevant. The lack of a commonly accepted assessment of quality of fracture reduction compounded the uncertainty of the importance of anatomical reduction in pilon fracture. The current study aimed to define parameters that can better assess the reduction quality and to investigate the influence of reduction quality on functional outcomes...
October 20, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074478/connective-tissue-injury-in-calf-muscle-tears-and-return-to-play-mri-correlation
#9
Ashutosh Prakash, Tom Entwisle, Michal Schneider, Peter Brukner, David Connell
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess a group of patients with calf muscle tears and evaluate the integrity of the connective tissue boundaries and interfaces. Further, we propose a novel MRI grading system based on integrity of the connective tissue and assess any correlation between the grading score and time to return to play. We have also reviewed the anatomy of the calf muscles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 100 consecutive patients with clinical suspicion and MRI confirmation of calf muscle injury...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073840/a-novel-apparatus-measuring-knee-flexor-strength-during-various-hamstring-exercises-a-reliability-and-retrospective-study
#10
Jack T Hickey, Peter F Hickey, Nirav Maniar, Ryan G Timmins, Morgan D Williams, Christian A Pitcher, David A Opar
Study Design Reliability and case-control injury study. Background Knee flexor strength is a key variable when dealing with hamstring strain injury (HSI) and methodologies of objective measurement are often limited to single exercises. Objectives To establish test re-test reliability of a novel apparatus measuring knee flexor strength during various hamstring exercises; to investigate whether these measures detect between-leg differences in males with and without history of unilateral HSI. Methods Twenty males without and ten males with previous unilateral HSI participated...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071112/the-first-prospective-injury-audit-of-league-of-ireland-footballers
#11
Nigel Fitzharris, Gareth Jones, Ashley Jones, Peter Francis
OBJECTIVES: Football has the highest sports participation (10.6%) in Ireland ahead of its Gaelic counterpart (3.9%). Research into injury incidence and patterns in Irish football is non-existent. The aim of this study was to conduct a prospective injury audit of League of Ireland (semiprofessional) footballers during the 2014 season (8 months, 28 games). METHODS: A total of 140 semiprofessional League of Ireland footballers were prospectively followed between March and November 2014...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064866/-recognize-and-remove-a-universal-principle-for-the-management-of-sports-injuries
#12
Colin W Fuller
OBJECTIVE: To identify the locations and types of injury that result in players not being immediately removed from the field of play when injured and to quantify the magnitude of the situation. DESIGN: Prospective cohort epidemiological study with definitions and procedures compliant with the international consensus statement for studies in rugby. SETTING: Sevens World Series (SWS) (2008-2016) and Rugby World Cup (RWC) (2007, 2011, 2015). PARTICIPANTS: Players from 17 countries taking part in the SWS and 22 countries taking part in the RWC...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064836/beware-of-the-force-of-the-horse-mechanisms-and-severity-of-equestrian-related-injuries
#13
Pieter-Jan Van Balen, Dennis G Barten, Loes Janssen, Audrey A A Fiddelers, Peter R Brink, Heinrich M J Janzing
BACKGROUND: Equestrian-related injuries (ERIs) are relatively severe compared with injuries in other popular sports. Previous studies on epidemiology of ERIs vary widely and mainly focus on incidence instead of severity of the injury. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine incidence, mechanisms and severity of ERIs in two Dutch hospitals (level 1 and level 2 trauma centers) over a 5-year period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with ERIs who visited the emergency departments of VieCuri Medical Centre in Venlo and Maastricht University Medical Centre+ in Maastricht, The Netherlands, between July 2010 and June 2015 were retrospectively included...
October 23, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046177/incidents-and-injuries-in-foot-launched-flying-extreme-sports
#14
Francesco Feletti, Andrea Aliverti, Maggie Henjum, Marco Tarabini, Eric Brymer
BACKGROUND: Participation rates in extreme sports have grown exponentially in the last 40 yr, often surpassing traditional sporting activities. The purpose of this study was to examine injury rates in foot-launched flying sports, i.e., sports in which a pilot foot-launches into flight with a wing already deployed. METHODS: This paper is based on a retrospective analysis of the reports of incidents that occurred between 2000 and 2014 among the British Hang Gliding and Paragliding Association members...
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038953/current-concepts-in-rehabilitation-for-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#15
REVIEW
Richard Ma, Olubusola A Brimmo, Xinning Li, Lindsey Colbert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objectives of this review are to evaluate the current evidence-based literature and concepts surrounding rehabilitation in patients with anterior shoulder instability injuries and surgical repair. RECENT FINDINGS: The current literature evidence for shoulder rehabilitation for anterior shoulder instability and labral repair is limited. As a result, there are variations among surgeons and physical therapists in rehabilitation protocols after anterior shoulder instability injuries and repair...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035978/use-of-blood-biomarkers-in-the-assessment-of-sports-related-concussion-a-systematic-review-in-the-context-of-their-biological-significance
#16
Brendan OʼConnell, Áine M Kelly, David Mockler, Matej Orešič, Karl Denvir, Garreth Farrell, Damir Janigro, Fiona Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To critically review current knowledge on the positive and negative predictive value of blood biomarkers for concussion; to illustrate the clinical and biological contexts that help evaluate the use of these markers in sport-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). METHODS: This systematic review was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. We reviewed the measurement, clinical utility, endpoint, and biological significance of blood biomarkers in concussion...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028449/geometric-characteristics-of-the-knee-are-associated-with-a-noncontact-acl-injury-to-the-contralateral-knee-after-unilateral-acl-injury-in-young-female-athletes
#17
James G Levins, Erin C Argentieri, Daniel R Sturnick, Mack Gardner-Morse, Pamela M Vacek, Timothy W Tourville, Robert J Johnson, James R Slauterbeck, Bruce D Beynnon
BACKGROUND: Contralateral anterior cruciate ligament (CACL) injury after recovery from a first-time ACL rupture occurs at a high rate in young females; however, little is known about the risk factors associated with bilateral ACL trauma. HYPOTHESIS: The geometric characteristics of the contralateral knee at the time of the initial ACL injury are associated with risk of suffering a CACL injury in these female athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021905/the-waterpolo-shoulder-paradigm-results-of-ultrasound-surveillance-at-poolside
#18
Felice Galluccio, Eleonora Bellucci, Francesco Porta, Lorenzo Tofani, Amato De Paulis, Diana Bianchedi, Tatiana Barskova, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
BACKGROUND: Waterpolo consists of a combination of swimming and throwing with close contact between players. The shoulder is the most frequently injured joint, with a combination of rotator cuff tear and tendinopathy, long head biceps tendinopathy, superior labral lesions and shoulder impingement. This unique combination is a challenge for the clinician who must determine which of these shoulder pathologies is responsible for the onset of pain and the best strategy to rehabilitate the joint and prevent recurrence...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018808/tenogenically-induced-allogeneic-peripheral-blood-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-allogeneic-platelet-rich-plasma-2-year-follow-up-after-tendon-or-ligament-treatment-in-horses
#19
Charlotte Beerts, Marc Suls, Sarah Y Broeckx, Bert Seys, Aurélie Vandenberghe, Jeroen Declercq, Luc Duchateau, Martin A Vidal, Jan H Spaas
Poor healing of tendon and ligament lesions often results in early retirement of sport horses. Therefore, regenerative therapies are being explored as potentially promising treatment for these injuries. In this study, an intralesional injection was performed with allogeneic tenogenically induced mesenchymal stem cells and platelet-rich plasma 5-6 days after diagnosis of suspensory ligament (SL) (n = 68) or superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) (n = 36) lesion. Clinical, lameness and ultrasonographic evaluation was performed at 6 and 12 weeks...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985702/descriptive-epidemiology-of-injuries-sustained-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-men-s-and-women-s-volleyball-2013-2014-to-2014-2015
#20
Christine M Baugh, Gil S Weintraub, Andrew J Gregory, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: There were 18,844 volleyball players in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the 2014-2015 academic year. Little research has examined sex-based differences among these athletes. PURPOSE: To examine injury epidemiology in NCAA men's and women's volleyball athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Injury surveillance data from the 2013-2014 through 2014-2015 academic years were obtained from the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program for 6 men's and 33 women's collegiate volleyball teams...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
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