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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101803/lung-retransplantation-in-an-adult-13%C3%A2-years-after-single-lobar-transplant-in-childhood
#1
Seiichiro Sugimoto, Shinji Otani, Takashi Ohki, Takeshi Kurosaki, Kentaroh Miyoshi, Masaomi Yamane, Shinichiro Miyoshi, Takahiro Oto
Single living-donor lobar lung transplantation provides acceptable results for critically ill children; however, an additional lung transplantation may be required in the future as the recipient grows. We describe a case of successful lung retransplantation in a grown-up patient after single lobar lung transplantation in childhood. A 23-year-old man underwent bilateral cadaveric lung retransplantation for chronic lung allograft dysfunction 13 years after right single living-donor lobar transplantation for idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension performed at the age of 10 years...
January 18, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095523/effects-of-titanium-surface-microtopography-and-simvastatin-on-growth-and-osteogenic-differentiation-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-estrogen-deprived-cell-culture
#2
Premjit Arpornmaeklong, Prisana Pripatnanont, Chonticha Chookiatsiri, Boonsin Tangtrakulwanich
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of titanium surface topography and simvastatin on growth and osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) in estrogen-deprived (ED) cell culture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human BMSCs were seeded on cell culture plates, smooth-surface titanium (Ti) disks, and sandblasted with large grits and acid etched (SLA)-surface Ti disks; and subsequently cultured in regular (fetal bovine serum [FBS]), ED, and ED-with 100 nM simvastatin (ED-SIM) culture media for 14 to 21 days...
January 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092963/mathematical-modeling-of-continuous-and-intermittent-androgen-suppression-for-the-treatment-of-advanced-prostate-cancer
#3
Alacia M Voth, John G Alford, Edward W Swim
Prostate cancer is one of the most prevalent types of cancer among men. It is stimulated by the androgens, or male sexual hormones, which circulate in the blood and diffuse into the tissue where they stimulate the prostate tumor to grow. One of the most important treatments for advanced prostate cancer has become androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). In this paper we present three different models of ADT for prostate cancer: continuous androgen suppression (CAS), intermittent androgen suppression (IAS), and periodic androgen suppression...
June 1, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092070/current-bioengineering-and-regenerative-strategies-for-the-generation-of-kidney-grafts-on-demand
#4
REVIEW
Ximo García-Domínguez, Jose S Vicente, Cesar D Vera-Donoso, Francisco Marco-Jimenez
Currently in the USA, one name is added to the organ transplant waiting list every 15 min. As this list grows rapidly, fewer than one-third of waiting patients can receive matched organs from donors. Unfortunately, many patients who require a transplant have to wait for long periods of time, and many of them die before receiving the desired organ. In the USA alone, over 100,000 patients are waiting for a kidney transplant. However, it is a problem that affects around 6% of the word population. Therefore, seeking alternative solutions to this problem is an urgent work...
January 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080961/interoception-beyond-homeostasis-affect-cognition-and-mental-health
#5
Manos Tsakiris, Hugo Critchley
Interoception refers to the sensing of the internal state of one's body. Interoception is distinct from the processing of sensory information concerning external (non-self) stimuli (e.g. vision, hearing, touch and smell) and is the afferent axis to internal (autonomic and hormonal) physiological control. However, the impact of interoception extends beyond homeostatic/allostatic reflexes: it is proposed to be fundamental to motivation, emotion (affective feelings and behaviours), social cognition and self-awareness...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076486/serum-leptin-levens-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-review-article
#6
Luiza Vitelo Andrighetto, Aline Kirjner Poziomyck
Introduction: Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most frequent types of malignant tumors in the world. There is growing evidence of the relationship between it development and obesity. The mechanism that links obesity to cancer is still not fully understood; however, it is essential to the understanding the adipose tissue in metabolic changes related to obesity and hepatocellular carcinoma. Objective: To review the influence of serum leptin levels in patients with hepatocelular carcinoma...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068416/growth-enhanced-transgenic-coho-salmon-oncorhynchus-kisutch-strains-have-varied-success-in-simulated-streams-implications-for-risk-assessment
#7
Rosalind A Leggatt, L Fredrik Sundström, Krista Woodward, Robert H Devlin
Growth hormone (GH) transgenic fish have accelerated growth and could improve production efficiency in aquaculture. However, concern exists regarding potential environmental risks of GH transgenic fish should they escape rearing facilities. While environmental effects have been examined in some GH transgenic models, there is a lack of information on whether effects differ among different constructs or strains of transgenic fish. We compared growth and survival of wild-type coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) fry, a fast-growing GH transgenic strain containing a metallothionein promoter (TMT), and three lines/strains containing a reportedly weaker histone-3 promoter (TH3) in hatchery conditions and semi-natural stream tanks with varying levels of natural food and predators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064017/vitamin-d-in-liver-disease-current-evidence-and-potential-directions
#8
REVIEW
Harendran Elangovan, Sarinder Chahal, Jenny E Gunton
Consistent with its multifaceted nature, growing evidence links vitamin D with hepatic disease. In this review, we summarise the roles of vitamin D in different liver pathologies and explore the clinical utility of vitamin D-based treatments in hepatology. We find that the small number of clinical trials coupled with the profound heterogeneity of study protocols limits the strength of evidence needed to ascribe definite clinical value to the hormone in liver disease. Nevertheless, the experimental data is promising and further bench and bedside studies will likely define a clearer role in hepatic therapeutics...
January 4, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062199/micrornas-and-the-metabolic-hallmarks-of-aging
#9
Berta Victoria, Yury O Nunez Lopez, Michal M Masternak
Aging, the natural process of growing older, is characterized by a progressive deterioration of physiological homeostasis at the cellular, tissue, and organismal level. Metabolically, the aging process is characterized by extensive changes in body composition, multi-tissue/multi-organ insulin resistance, and physiological declines in multiple signaling pathways including growth hormone, insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1, and sex steroids regulation. With this review, we intend to consolidate published information about microRNAs that regulate critical metabolic processes relevant to aging...
January 3, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061931/synergistic-effect-of-hormones-and-biosolids-on-scenedesmus-abundans-for-eliciting-total-biolipids
#10
Chelladurai Chellamboli, Muthiah Perumalsamy
  This study states an integrated approach to grow Scenedesmus abundans in the presence of biostimulants as a robust flourishing organism pertaining to attain the maximum yield of the biodiesel through transesterification. These assessments are especially targeted to achieve the appreciable profit on biodiesel using three biostimulants such as, Indole 3-acetic acid (3 IAA), 6-Benzylaminopurine (6 BAP), and Gibberellic acid (GA) hormones. The proposed schema proved a rise in biomass; as well as lipid content, compared with an alga grown in the absence of hormones...
December 1, 2016: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053338/autophagy-in-the-liver-functions-in-health-and-disease
#11
REVIEW
Takashi Ueno, Masaaki Komatsu
The concept of macroautophagy was established in 1963, soon after the discovery of lysosomes in rat liver. Over the 50 years since, studies of liver autophagy have produced many important findings. The liver is rich in lysosomes and possesses high levels of metabolic-stress-induced autophagy, which is precisely regulated by concentrations of hormones and amino acids. Liver autophagy provides starved cells with amino acids, glucose and free fatty acids for use in energy production and synthesis of new macromolecules, and also controls the quality and quantity of organelles such as mitochondria...
January 5, 2017: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049765/2016-signaling-breakthroughs-of-the-year
#12
EDITORIAL
Elizabeth M Adler
Signaling breakthroughs of 2016 clustered mainly in the areas of neuroscience, immunology, and metabolism, with excursions into plant hormone signaling and bacterial manipulation of host signaling pathways. Perhaps reflecting the growing maturity of the discipline of cell signaling, many of this year's breakthroughs have implications for the pathogenesis or treatment of human disease.
January 3, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049048/vitamin-d-in-autoimmune-rheumatic-diseases-a-view-inside-gender-differences
#13
REVIEW
Massimiliano Vasile, Clarissa Corinaldesi, Cristina Antinozzi, Clara Crescioli
A large body of evidence highlights the role for vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency in rheumatic diseases, a group of different pathologies mostly of autoimmune origin. Vitamin D and vitamin D receptor agonists exquisitely modulate the immune system against over-reactivity towards tolerance; on this basis, vitamin D could be a good therapeutic candidate to control autoimmune processes in rheumatic diseases. Similarly, to other autoimmune pathologies, rheumatic diseases show a significant female bias. This sexual dimorphism seems, in part, to rely on the different sex hormone-induced regulation on male and female immune systems...
December 31, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045337/transcript-analysis-in-two-alfalfa-salt-tolerance-selected-breeding-populations-relative-to-a-non-tolerant-population
#14
M Y Gruber, J Xia, M Yu, H Steppuhn, K Wall, D Messer, A G Sharpe, S N Acharya, D S Wishart, D Johnson, D R Miller, A Taheri
With the growing limitations on arable land, alfalfa (a widely cultivated, low-input forage) is now being selected to extend cultivation into saline lands for low-cost biofeedstock purposes. Here, minerals and transcriptome profiles were compared between two new salinity-tolerant North American alfalfa breeding populations and a more salinity-sensitive western Canadian alfalfa population grown under hydroponic saline conditions. All three populations accumulated two-fold higher sodium in roots than shoots as a function of increased electrical conductivity...
October 7, 2016: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042677/contrasting-patterns-of-cytokinins-between-years-in-senescing-aspen-leaves
#15
Erik Edlund, Ondrej Novak, Michal Karady, Karin Ljung, Stefan Jansson
Cytokinins are plant hormones that typically block or delay leaf senescence. We profiled 34 different cytokinins/cytokinin metabolites (including precursors, conjugates and degradation products) in leaves of a free-growing mature aspen (Populus tremula) before and after the initiation of autumnal senescence over three consecutive years. The levels and profiles of individual cytokinin species, or classes/groups, varied greatly between years, despite the fact that the onset of autumn senescence was at the same time each year, and senescence was not associated with depletion of either active or total cytokinin levels...
January 1, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040833/insights-into-the-relationships-between-diabetes-prediabetes-and-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Lorenzo Scappaticcio, Maria Ida Maiorino, Giuseppe Bellastella, Dario Giugliano, Katherine Esposito
Diabetes mellitus and cancer are two growing health problems. They have in common many modifiable risk factors including sex, age, obesity, physical activity, diet, alcohol, and smoking, and have a long latency before overtly manifesting. Patients with diabetes experience a roughly 20-25% higher cancer incidence compared to individuals without diabetes, and it depends on cancer site. Moreover, patients with diabetes who further develop cancer have increased early and late mortality in comparison with cancer patients without diabetes...
December 31, 2016: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031322/extranuclear-partners-of-androgen-receptor-at-the-crossroads-of-proliferation-migration-and-neuritogenesis
#17
REVIEW
Gabriella Castoria, Ferdinando Auricchio, Antimo Migliaccio
In this review, we focus on the role played by the protein partners of ligand-activated extranuclear androgen receptor (AR) in the final effects of hormone action, such as proliferation, migration and neuritogenesis. The choice of AR partner, at least in part, depends on cell type. Androgen-activated receptor directly associates with cytoplasmic Src tyrosine kinase in epithelial cells, whereas in mesenchymal and neuronal cells, it prevalently interacts with filamin A. In the former, proliferation represents the final hormonal outcome, whereas in the latter, either migration or neuritogenesis, respectively, occur...
December 28, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028737/efficacy-of-testosterone-suppression-with-sustained-release-triptorelin-in-advanced-prostate-cancer
#18
Jürgen Breul, Eija Lundström, Daniela Purcea, Werner P Venetz, Patrick Cabri, Pascale Dutailly, Evan R Goldfischer
INTRODUCTION: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is a mainstay of treatment against advanced prostate cancer (PC). As a treatment goal, suppression of plasma testosterone levels to <50 ng/dl has been established over decades. Evidence is growing though that suppression to even lower levels may add further clinical benefit. Therefore, we undertook a pooled retrospective analysis on the efficacy of 1-, 3-, and 6-month sustained-release (SR) formulations of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist triptorelin to suppress serum testosterone concentrations beyond current standards...
December 27, 2016: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028241/abscisic-acid-signaling-is-controlled-by-a-branched1-hd-zip-i-cascade-in-arabidopsis-axillary-buds
#19
Eduardo González-Grandío, Alice Pajoro, José M Franco-Zorrilla, Carlos Tarancón, Richard G H Immink, Pilar Cubas
Shoot-branching patterns determine key aspects of plant life and are important targets for crop breeding. However, we are still largely ignorant of the genetic networks controlling locally the most important decision during branch development: whether the axillary bud, or branch primordium, grows out to give a lateral shoot or remains dormant. Here we show that, inside the buds, the TEOSINTE BRANCHED1, CYCLOIDEA, PCF (TCP) transcription factor BRANCHED1 (BRC1) binds to and positively regulates the transcription of three related Homeodomain leucine zipper protein (HD-ZIP)-encoding genes: HOMEOBOX PROTEIN 21 (HB21), HOMEOBOX PROTEIN 40 (HB40), and HOMEOBOX PROTEIN 53 (HB53)...
December 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027026/host-tissue-environment-directs-activities-of-an-epichlo%C3%A3-endophyte-while-it-induces-systemic-hormone-and-defense-responses-in-its-native-perennial-ryegrass-host
#20
Jan Schmid, Robert Day, Ningxin Zhang, Pierre-Yves Dupont, Murray P Cox, Christopher Lewis Schardl, Niki Minards, Mauro Truglio, Neil Moore, Daniel R Harris, Yanfei Zhou
Increased resilience of pasture grasses mediated by fungal Epichloë endophytes is crucial to pastoral industries. The underlying mechanisms are only partially understood and likely involve very different activities of the endophyte in different plant tissues and responses of the plant to these. We analyzed the transcriptomes of Epichloë festucae and its host Lolium perenne in host tissues of different function and developmental stages. The endophyte contributed approximately 10x more to the transcriptomes than to the biomass of infected tissues...
December 27, 2016: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
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