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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245146/effects-of-elevated-o3-on-physiological-and-biochemical-responses-in-three-kinds-of-trees-native-to-subtropical-forest-in-china-during-non-growing-period
#1
Hao Yu, Jixin Cao, Zhan Chen, He Shang
Numerous studies have documented the negative effects of ozone (O3) on tree species in growing season, however, little is done in non-growing season. Three evergreen tree species, Phoebe bournei (Hemsl.) Yang (P. bournei), Machilus pauhoi Kanehira (M. pauhoi) and Taxus chinensis (Pilger) Rehd (T. chinensis), were exposed to non-filtered air, 100 nmol mol-1 O3 air (E1) and 150 nmol mol-1 O3 air (E2) in open-top chambers in subtropical China. In the entire period of experiment, O3 fumigation decreased net photosynthesis rate (Pn) through stomatal limitation during the transition period from growing to non-growing season (TGN), and through non-stomatal limitation during the period of non-growing season (NGS) in all species tested...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242146/control-of-oocyte-meiotic-maturation-in-c-elegans
#2
REVIEW
Gabriela Huelgas-Morales
In virtually all sexually reproducing animals, oocytes arrest in meiotic prophase and resume meiosis in a conserved biological process called meiotic maturation. Meiotic arrest enables oocytes, which are amongst the largest cells in an organism, to grow and accumulate the necessary cellular constituents required to support embryonic development. Oocyte arrest can be maintained for a prolonged period, up to 50 years in humans, and defects in the meiotic maturation process interfere with the faithful segregation of meiotic chromosomes, representing the leading cause of human birth defects and female infertility...
December 11, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233646/induced-brugada-syndrome-possible-sources-of-arrhythmogenesis
#3
REVIEW
Gonçalo Tomé, João Freitas
Brugada syndrome is an inherited cardiac condition with the potential for development of life-threatening arrhythmias in relatively young individuals without significant structural cardiac abnormalities. The condition is characterized by a distinct coved-type ST segment elevation in the right precordial leads (V1-V3). This hallmark pattern (type 1) is often dynamic and sometimes concealed, and may be unmasked in certain conditions or under the effect of certain agents, which include variation of sympathovagal balance, hormones, metabolic factors and drugs...
December 9, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229882/igf1-stimulates-differentiation-of-primary-follicles-and-their-growth-in-ovarian-explants-of-zebrafish-danio-rerio-cultured-in-vitro
#4
Pancharatna A Katti, Sheetal S Narvekar, Basavaraj B Goundadkar, Prasad A Deshpande
The present study is an attempt to elucidate the involvement of insulin-like growth factor (IGF1) in the differentiation and growth of primary follicles in ovarian explant cultures of zebrafish. Ovaries from adult females were cultured in triplicate sets/treatment group for 15 days at 22° in the laboratory. Culture medium was supplemented with either insulin (1 ng/mL) or IGF1 (1 ng/mL) or insulin + IGF1 (Experiment 1) or 0.1 or 1.0 or 10 ng/mL of IGF1 (Experiment 2). Ovaries cultured in medium alone served as controls and those fixed at the beginning of the culture as initial controls...
December 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218597/role-of-tulipa-gesneriana-teosinte-branched1-tgtb1-in-the-control-of-axillary-bud-outgrowth-in-bulbs
#5
Natalia M Moreno-Pachon, Marie-Chantal Mutimawurugo, Eveline Heynen, Lidiya Sergeeva, Anne Benders, Ikram Blilou, Henk W M Hilhorst, Richard G H Immink
Tulip vegetative reproduction. Tulips reproduce asexually by the outgrowth of their axillary meristems located in the axil of each bulb scale. The number of axillary meristems in one bulb is low, and not all of them grow out during the yearly growth cycle of the bulb. Since the degree of axillary bud outgrowth in tulip determines the success of their vegetative propagation, this study aimed at understanding the mechanism controlling the differential axillary bud activity. We used a combined physiological and "bottom-up" molecular approach to shed light on this process and found that first two inner located buds do not seem to experience dormancy during the growth cycle, while mid-located buds enter dormancy by the end of the growing season...
December 7, 2017: Plant Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208899/in-vivo-transplantation-of-3d-encapsulated-ovarian-constructs-in-rats-corrects-abnormalities-of-ovarian-failure
#6
Sivanandane Sittadjody, Justin M Saul, John P McQuilling, Sunyoung Joo, Thomas C Register, James J Yoo, Anthony Atala, Emmanuel C Opara
Safe clinical hormone replacement (HR) will likely become increasingly important in the growing populations of aged women and cancer patients undergoing treatments that ablate the ovaries. Cell-based HRT (cHRT) is an alternative approach that may allow certain physiological outcomes to be achieved with lower circulating hormone levels than pharmacological means due to participation of cells in the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovary feedback control loop. Here we describe the in vivo performance of 3D bioengineered ovarian constructs that recapitulate native cell-cell interactions between ovarian granulosa and theca cells as an approach to cHRT...
December 5, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204725/-sex-will-make-your-fingers-grow-thin-and-then-you-die-the-interplay-of-culture-myths-and-taboos-on-african-immigrant-mothers-perceptions-of-reproductive-health-education-with-their-daughters-aged-10-14-years
#7
Kafuli Agbemenu, Margaret Hannan, Julius Kitutu, Martha Ann Terry, Willa Doswell
This paper examines the convergence of culture, myths, and taboos surrounding reproductive health issues African immigrant women, living in the United States, learned during childhood in their countries of origin. We also discuss how mothers' perceptions of reproductive health education (RHE) influenced the education of their own daughters aged 10-14 years. This was a qualitative descriptive study. Data were collected via interviews and demographic survey. The sample size was 20 African immigrant mothers living in a mid-sized city in the U...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203384/do-endometriomas-grow-during-ovarian-stimulation-for-assisted-reproduction-a-three-dimensional-volume-analysis-before-and-after-ovarian-stimulation
#8
Ayse Seyhan, Bulent Urman, Engin Turkgeldi, Baris Ata
Whether endometriomas grow because of supraphysiological oestradiol levels attained during ovarian stimulation for assisted reproduction techniques is a concern. In this prospective study, 25 women with 28 endometriomas underwent three-dimensional ultrasound using sono-automated volume calculation software. Endometrioma volume was measured on the first day of gonadotrophin injection (V1) and the day of ovulation trigger (V2). Nine (36%) women were stimulated in a gonadotrophin releasing hormone antagonist protocol (GnRH), 13 (52%) in a long, and three (12%) in an ultra-long GnRH agonist protocol...
November 17, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199649/testosterone-and-its-metabolites-differential-associations-with-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-events-in-men
#9
REVIEW
Bu B Yeap
As men grow older, circulating testosterone declines while the incidence of cardiovascular disease increases. Thus, the role of sex hormones as biomarkers, and possibly contributing factors to clinical manifestations of cardiovascular disease in the increasing demographic of aging men, has attracted considerable interest. This review focuses on observational studies of endogenous androgens, namely circulating testosterone and dihydrotestosterone, which have examined their associations with cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction and stroke...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195232/kaolin-modulates-aba-and-iaa-dynamics-and-physiology-of-grapevine-under-mediterranean-summer-stress
#10
L-T Dinis, S Bernardo, A Luzio, G Pinto, M Meijón, M Pintó-Marijuan, A Cotado, C Correia, J Moutinho-Pereira
The foliar exogenous application of kaolin, a radiation-reflecting inert mineral, has proven to be an effective short-term climate change mitigation strategy for Mediterranean vineyards. In this work, we address the hypothesis that kaolin could improve both the hormonal dynamics and physiological responses of grapevines growing in Douro Region, northern Portugal. For this purpose, the leaf water potential, gas exchange and chlorophyll a fluorescence parameters were monitored, as well as the abscisic acid (ABA) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) quantification and immunolocalization were assessed...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191719/jak-stat-emerging-players-in-metabolism
#11
REVIEW
David W Dodington, Harsh R Desai, Minna Woo
The Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway is crucial for transducing signals from a variety of metabolically relevant hormones and cytokines including growth hormone, leptin, erythropoietin, IL4, IL6 and IFNγ. A growing body of evidence suggests that this pathway is dysregulated in the context of obesity and metabolic disease. Recent development of animal models has been instrumental in identifying the role of JAK/STAT signaling in the peripheral metabolic organs including adipose, liver, muscle, pancreas, and the immune system...
November 27, 2017: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189938/trans-generational-but-not-early-life-exposure-to-stressors-influences-offspring-morphology-and-survival
#12
Dustin A S Owen, Travis R Robbins, Tracy Langkilde
Environmental changes, such as the introduction of non-native species, can impose novel selective pressures. This can result in changes in fitness-relevant traits within an individual's lifetime or across multiple generations. We investigated the effects of early life versus trans-generational exposure to a predatory invasive insect stressor, the red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta), on the morphology and survival of the eastern fence lizard (Sceloporus undulatus). We captured gravid lizards from high-stress populations with long histories of invasion by fire ants and from uninvaded sites...
November 30, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189719/transcriptional-and-hormonal-regulation-of-weeping-trait-in-salix-matsudana
#13
Juanjuan Liu, Yanfei Zeng, Pengcheng Yan, Caiyun He, Jianguo Zhang
Salix matsudana is a large and rapidly-growing tree, with erect or spreading branchlets (upright willow). However, S. matsudana var. pseudomatsudana is one of the varietas, with pendulous branchlets (weeping willow). It has high ornamental value for its graceful pendulous branches. In order to study the molecular basis for this weeping trait, leaves and stems collected at different developmental stages were analyzed using RNA-seq coupled with digital gene expression. Although weeping trees are used worldwide as landscape plants, little is known about the genes that control weeping...
November 30, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186815/characterization-of-the-transcriptome-and-gene-expression-of-tetraploid-black-locust-cuttings-in-response-to-etiolation
#14
(no author information available yet)
Etiolation (a process of growing plants in partial or complete absence of light) promotes adventitious root formation in tetraploid black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) cuttings. We investigated the mechanism underlying how etiolation treatment promotes adventitious root formation in tetraploid black locust and assessed global transcriptional changes after etiolation treatment. Solexa paired-end sequencing of complementary DNAs (cDNAs) from control (non-etiolated, NE) and etiolated (E) samples resulted in 107,564 unigenes...
November 24, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185159/the-effect-of-estradiol-testosterone-and-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-on-the-proliferation-of-schwann-cells-with-nf1-or-nf1-genotype-derived-from-human-cutaneous-neurofibromas
#15
Paula Pennanen, Sirkku Peltonen, Roope A Kallionpää, Juha Peltonen
Dermal neurofibromas are the hallmarks of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Neurofibromas harbor Schwann cells with two different genotypes: Schwann cells which carry the germline mutation and a healthy NF1 allele (NF1 +/-), and a subpopulation of Schwann cells which harbor the so-called second hit leading to inactivation of both NF1 alleles (NF1 -/-). The second hit in the NF1 gene of Schwann cells is considered to be the initial step in the development of neurofibromas. Dermal neurofibromas typically start to grow in puberty, and their number and size increase during pregnancy, indicating hormone responsiveness...
November 28, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183364/unusual-presentations-of-functional-parathyroid-cysts-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Youssef El-Housseini, Martin Hübner, Ariane Boubaker, Jan Bruegger, Maurice Matter, Olivier Bonny
BACKGROUND: Cysts of parathyroid origin are sometimes encountered and can easily be mistaken as thyroidal cysts. Functional parathyroid cysts, with symptoms and signs of hyperparathyroidism, are rare and may be a diagnostic challenge to clinicians. We report here on three cases of functional parathyroid cysts that illustrate diagnosis difficulties related to unusual clinical presentations in three Caucasian women, including negative parathyroid scintigraphy. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Patient 1, an 87-year-old Caucasian woman presented with confusion and dysphagia...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181751/effect-of-gasoline-fumes-on-reproductive-function-in-male-albino-rats
#17
Folarin O Owagboriaye, Gabriel A Dedeke, Joseph S Ashidi, Adeyinka A Aladesida, Wasiu E Olooto
The increase in the frequency of exposure to gasoline fumes and the growing incidence of infertility among humans has been a major concern and subject of discussion over the years in Nigeria. We therefore present the reproductive effect of gasoline fumes on inhalation exposure in 40 male albino rats. The rats were randomized into five experimental treatments (T) with eight rats per treatment. T1 (control) was exposed to distilled water while T2, T3, T4, and T5 were exposed to gasoline fumes in exposure chambers for 1, 3, 5, and 9 h daily respectively for 12 weeks...
November 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179986/natural-killer-cell-metabolism
#18
REVIEW
Takumi Kobayashi, Stephen R Mattarollo
Natural killer (NK) cells are a critical component in the innate immune response against disease. NK cell function is tightly regulated by specific cytokine and activation/inhibitory receptor signalling, leading to diverse effector responses. Like all living cells, energy metabolism is a fundamental requirement for NK cell activation and survival. There is growing evidence that distinct functional profiles of NK cells are determined by alterations to cellular metabolic pathways. In this review, we summarise current literature that has explored NK cell metabolism to provide insight into how metabolic regulation controls NK cell function...
November 24, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179260/naringenin-attenuates-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-induced-sperm-dna-fragmentations-and-testicular-toxicity-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#19
M Y Adana, E N Akang, A I Peter, A I Jegede, E C S Naidu, C Tiloke, A A Chuturgoon, O O Azu
Highly active antiretroviral therapy has evolved over the years, leading to a boost in the quality of life in people living with HIV and AIDS. However, growing evidence has shown that highly active antiretroviral therapy has deleterious effects on the testes and the overall reproductive capacity. Therefore, this study is to determine the adjuvant potential of Naringenin on highly active antiretroviral therapy-induced perturbations in fertility of male Sprague-Dawley rats. Thirty adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into six groups viz - Control; H: 30 mg/kg of highly active antiretroviral therapy (EFV, 600 mg + FTC, 200 mg + TDF, 300 mg); N40: Naringenin, 40 mg/kg; N80: Naringenin, 80 mg/kg; HN40: highly active antiretroviral therapy + Naringenin, 40 mg/kg; HN80: highly active antiretroviral therapy + Naringenin, 80 mg/kg...
November 27, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178258/feasibility-analysis-of-early-temporal-kinetics-as-a-surrogate-marker-for-breast-tumor-type-grade-and-aggressiveness
#20
Laura Heacock, Alana A Lewin, Yiming Gao, James S Babb, Samantha L Heller, Amy N Melsaether, Neeti Bagadiya, Sungheon G Kim, Linda Moy
BACKGROUND: Screening breast MRI has been shown to preferentially detect high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and invasive carcinoma, likely due to increased angiogenesis resulting in early initial uptake of contrast. As interest grows in abbreviated screening breast MRI (AB-MRI), markers of early contrast washin that can predict tumor grade and potential aggressiveness are of clinical interest. PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of using the initial enhancement ratio (IER) as a surrogate marker for tumor grade, hormone receptor status, and prognostic markers, as an initial step to being incorporated into AB-MRI...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
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