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nutrition for children burn

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089206/pre-burn-malnutrition-increases-operative-mortality-in-burn-patients-who-undergo-early-excision-and-grafting-in-a-sub-saharan-african-burn-unit
#1
Joana Grudziak, Carolyn Snock, Tiyamike Zalinga, Wone Banda, Jared Gallaher, Laura Purcell, Bruce Cairns, Anthony Charles
INTRODUCTION: In the developed world, pre-existing malnutrition in the burn population influences operative outcomes. However, studies on pre-existing malnutrition and operative outcomes of burn patients in the developing world are lacking. We therefore sought to characterize the burn injury outcomes following operative intervention based on nutritional status. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of operative patients admitted to our burn unit from July 2011 to May 2016...
October 28, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948659/clinical-significance-of-nutritional-risk-screening-tool-for-hospitalised-children-with-acute-burn-injuries-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Y K Bang, M K Park, Y S Ju, K Y Cho
BACKGROUND: We assessed the nutritional risks among children hospitalised with acute burn injuries and their associated clinical outcomes using three nutritional risk screening (NRS) tools: Screening Tool for Risk of Impaired Nutritional Status and Growth (STRONGKIDS ), Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) and Screening Tool for the Assessment for Malnutrition in Pediatrics (STAMP). METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2015 to November 2016, in a regional burn centre...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433345/the-effect-of-pre-existing-malnutrition-on-pediatric-burn-mortality-in-a-sub-saharan-african-burn-unit
#3
Joanna Grudziak, Carolyn Snock, Stephen Mjuweni, Jared Gallaher, Bruce Cairns, Anthony Charles
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional status predicts burn outcomes in the developed world, but its effect on burn mortality in the developing world has not been widely studied. In sub Saharan Africa, burn is primarily a disease of children, and the majority of children in sub-Saharan Africa are malnourished. We therefore sought to determine the prevalence and effect of malnutrition on burn mortality at our institution. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of children aged 0-5, with anthropomorphic measurements available, who were admitted to our burn unit from July 2011 to May 2016...
November 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365828/health-integrity-and-doping-in-sports-for-children-and-young-adults-a-resolution-of-the-european-academy-of-paediatrics
#4
Francis P Crawley, Peter Hoyer, Artur Mazur, Liesbeth Siderius, Stefan Grosek, Tom Stiris, David Neubauer
The European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP) is dedicated to promoting healthy lifestyles for children from birth into young adulthood. Physical exercise and leisure are essential to the development of healthy bodies, strong minds, and social skills. All children, without regard to their physical or mental capacities, should be provided with the time, the leadership, the facilities, and the equipment needed to exercise through sports while enjoying playing, even competing, in an environment appropriate to their capacities and aspirations...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340493/conservative-treatment-with-octreotide-to-provide-early-recovery-of-children-with-esophageal-perforation
#5
Ramazan Karabulut, Zafer Turkyilmaz, Kaan Sonmez, Abdullah Can Basaklar
Background The effectiveness of nonoperative treatment of esophageal perforation (EP) in children with octreotide is highlighted. Methods Records of nine patients (seven boys and two girls with an average age of 5.83 ± 5.35 years) with EP were reviewed. Results EP developed in six patients during dilation of esophageal stenosis (five of six caused by caustic burns). In the other three patients, EP developed after nasogastric placement, after endotracheal intubation, and during endoscopy for foreign body...
March 24, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#6
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Evelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857647/nutrition-chez-le-br%C3%A3-l%C3%A3
#7
G Perro
Nutrition is a challenge for burn patients. Emphasized points are early enteral amounts by means of a naso-gastric tube, semi-recumbent position > 30°, gastro-intestinal survey improved by kinetics, weight evolution, nutritional amounts assessment to prevent proteino-energetic deficiency. Feeding is difficult with children, as with seniors often associating a preexisting starvation. Nutritional supplements are useful in medium severity patients. For overweight patients, hypo caloric and hyperprotidic diet is the better choice...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842634/a-review-of-the-peri-operative-management-of-paediatric-burns-identifying-adverse-events
#8
H Rode, C Brink, K Bester, M P Coleman, T Baisey, R Martinez
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries are common in poverty-stricken countries. The majority of patients with large and complex burns are referred to burn centres. Of the children who qualify for admission, according to burn admission criteria, about half require some kind of surgical procedure to obtain skin cover. These range from massive full-thickness fire burns to skin grafts for small, residual unhealed wounds. Burn anaesthetic procedures are of the most difficult to perform and are known for high complication rates...
November 2, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545659/-burn-child-specificity
#9
M C Plancq, L Goffinet, V Duquennoy-Martinot
Burn is still a frequent accident in children and particularly occurs in young children under 4years. The majority were caused by hot liquids (scalds) with mixed-dermal burns and is commonly treated conservatively with surgery performed at 10-15 days post-injury after healing of superficial burn. Patients with burns greater than 10% need early fluid resuscitation and adequate nutritional support to avoid deepening with infection, improve healing and survival. Hypovolemic shock could be very abrupt in children...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230550/nutritional-support-for-critically-ill-children
#10
REVIEW
Ari Joffe, Natalie Anton, Laurance Lequier, Ben Vandermeer, Lisa Tjosvold, Bodil Larsen, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Nutritional support in the critically ill child has not been well investigated and is a controversial topic within paediatric intensive care. There are no clear guidelines as to the best form or timing of nutrition in critically ill infants and children. This is an update of a review that was originally published in 2009. . OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to assess the impact of enteral and parenteral nutrition given in the first week of illness on clinically important outcomes in critically ill children...
May 27, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176466/social-protection-for-all-ages-impacts-of-ethiopia-s-productive-safety-net-program-on-child-nutrition
#11
Catherine Porter, Radhika Goyal
We investigate the impact of a large-scale social protection scheme, the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) in Ethiopia, on child nutritional outcomes. Children living in households that receive cash transfers should experience improved child nutrition. However, in the case of the PSNP, which for the majority of participants is a public works program, there are several potential threats to finding effects: first, without conditionality on child inputs, increased household income may not be translated into improved child nutrition...
June 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27053492/a-qualitative-analysis-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-optimal-breastfeeding-and-complementary-feeding-practices-in-south-kivu-democratic-republic-of-congo
#12
Jennifer Burns, Jillian A Emerson, Kimberly Amundson, Shannon Doocy, Laura E Caulfield, Rolf D W Klemm
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices are determinants of poor child nutritional status. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, few children are fed according to international guidelines; this combined with endemic poverty and food insecurity have contributed to the high prevalence of child undernutrition. OBJECTIVE: To characterize IYCF practices and barriers and enablers to optimal child feeding in South Kivu. METHODS: Focus group discussions, structured and in-depth interviews with women of reproductive age, mothers of children <2 years, and health workers were conducted in 2012 as part of formative research for the US Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Jenga Jamaa II multiyear assistance program...
June 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834850/pediatric-obesity-causes-symptoms-prevention-and-treatment
#13
Shumei Xu, Ying Xue
Pediatric or childhood obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children and adolescents worldwide. Approximately 43 million individuals are obese, 21-24% children and adolescents are overweight, and 16-18% of individuals have abdominal obesity. The prevalence of obesity is highest among specific ethnic groups. Obesity increases the risk of heart diseases in children and adults. Childhood obesity predisposes the individual to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, liver and kidney diseases and causes reproductive dysfunction in adults...
January 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26828582/optimal-nutrition-in-the-paediatric-icu
#14
REVIEW
Koen Joosten, Esther van Puffelen, Sascha Verbruggen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article describes the current best available evidence on optimal nutrition in the paediatric intensive care based on different levels of outcome, which can be divided in surrogate and hard clinical outcome parameters. RECENT FINDINGS: Undernutrition is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, whereas in specific cohorts of critically ill children, such as those with burn injury, obesity is associated with more complications, longer length of stay, and decreased likelihood of survival...
March 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26535507/colloids-for-the-initial-management-of-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock-in-pediatric-patients-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Daniela Nasu Monteiro Medeiros, Juliana Ferreira Ferranti, Artur Figueiredo Delgado, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
AIM: The goal of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature assessing the use of colloids for the initial treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock in pediatric patients. DESIGN: The PICO [Patient, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome] method was used for the selection of studies, and the Cochrane Bias Tool was used to analyze the quality of the selected studies. DATA SEARCH: Relevant studies were sought using the following databases: EMBASE (1980 to March 2014), PubMed (1970 to March 2014), Cochrane (1980 to March 2014), Web of Science, and Scopus...
November 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26364788/comparisons-of-complementary-feeding-indicators-among-children-aged-6-23-months-in-anglophone-and-francophone-west-african-countries
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Abukari I Issaka, Kingsley E Agho, Andrew N Page, Penelope L Burns, Garry J Stevens, Michael J Dibley
Stunting, a consequence of suboptimal complementary feeding practices, continues to be a significant public health problem in West Africa. This paper aimed to compare rates of complementary feeding indicators among children aged 6-23 months between four Anglophone and seven Francophone West African countries. The data used for this study were the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys of the various countries, namely Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone (Anglophone countries), Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea, Mali, Niger and Senegal (Francophone countries) conducted between 2006 and 2013...
October 2015: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25807408/predictors-of-muscle-protein-synthesis-after-severe-pediatric-burns
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eva C Diaz, David N Herndon, Jinhyung Lee, Craig Porter, Matthew Cotter, Oscar E Suman, Labros S Sidossis, Elisabet Børsheim
BACKGROUND: Following a major burn, skeletal muscle protein synthesis rate increases but is often insufficient to compensate for massively elevated muscle protein breakdown rates. Given the long-term nature of the pathophysiologic response to burn injury, we hypothesized that muscle protein synthesis rate would be chronically elevated in severely burned children. The objectives of this study were to characterize muscle protein synthesis rate of burned children over a period of 24 months after injury and to identify predictors that influence this response...
April 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25654612/vital-signs-disparities-in-nonsmokers-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-united-states-1999-2012
#18
David M Homa, Linda J Neff, Brian A King, Ralph S Caraballo, Rebecca E Bunnell, Stephen D Babb, Bridgette E Garrett, Connie S Sosnoff, Lanqing Wang
Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) from burning tobacco products causes sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), respiratory infections, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants and children, and coronary heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer in adult nonsmokers. No risk-free level of SHS exposure exists. SHS exposure causes more than 41,000 deaths among nonsmoking adults and 400 deaths in infants each year, and approximately $5.6 billion annually in lost productivity. Although population exposure to SHS has declined over the past 2 decades, many nonsmokers remain exposed to SHS in workplaces, public places, homes, and vehicles...
February 6, 2015: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25639810/overview-of-current-pediatric-burn-care
#19
REVIEW
Raquel Gonzalez, Christina M Shanti
Burn injuries affect approximately a million children in the United States on an annual basis. Moderate to severe burns require hospitalization, usually under the direction of a Pediatric Surgical service. Despite advancements in burn treatment, pediatric burn injuries account for approximately 2500 deaths annually. This article provides an overview of the initial evaluation and resuscitative measures for pediatric burn patients, most current wound care, indications for grafting, and the role of nutrition, including use of pharmacologic adjuncts...
February 2015: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25624379/potential-effect-of-physical-activity-calorie-equivalent-labeling-on-parent-fast-food-decisions
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anthony J Viera, Ray Antonelli
OBJECTIVES: Menu labels displaying food energy in physical activity calorie equivalents (PACE) is a possible strategy to encourage ordering meals with fewer calories and promoting physical activity. Potential effects of such labeling for children have never been examined. METHODS: We conducted a national survey of 1000 parents randomized to 1 of 4 fast food menus: no labels, calories only, calories plus minutes, or calories plus miles needed to walk to burn the calories...
February 2015: Pediatrics
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