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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822185/-terpenoids-isolated-from-viburnum-ternatum
#1
Jiang Hu, Xia Mao, Nian-Hua Jing, Jun-You Shi, Hui-Qing Liu
Four iridoids (1-4), five iridoid glucosides (5-9), and three triterpenoids (10-12) were isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of 70% Me2CO extract of the aerial parts of Viburnum ternatum through various column chromatographies over silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and MCI. Their structures were elucidated as ternatumin A (1), 2,9-dioxatricyclo[4.3.1.03,7]decanes (2), 7,10,2'-triacetylsuspensolide F (3), 7,10,2',3'-tetraacetylsuspensolide F (4), viburtinoside IV (5), viburtinoside II (6), viburtinoside B (7), luzonoside A (8), luzonoside B (9), 2α,3β,24-trihydroxy-12-ursen-28-oic acid (10), 6-hydroxy-20(29)-lupen-3-one (11), and pomalic acid (12) based on the their chromatographic properties, chemical and physicochemical methods, and spectroscopic data...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822184/-analyzing-crude-processed-root-of-polygonum-multiflorum-from-different-habitats-by-uplc-fingerprint-and-mode-identification-methods
#2
Rong Xiao, Yan Lin, Si-Min Lei, Ying Zhang, Jie Huang, Bo-Hou Xia, Chun Li, Duan-Fang Liao, Ping Wu, Li-Mei Lin
To establish a content determination method for 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy stilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (TSG) of the crude/processed root of Polygonum multiflorum from different habitats in China and set up the fingerprint by using UPLC. Various samples were pretreated by macro-porous resin. Then UPLC analysis was performed on Waters ACQUITY UPLC@BEH C18 chromatographic column (2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.7 μm) at (25±5) ℃. A binary gradient elution system was composed of acetonitrile (phase A) and 0.5% acetic acid solution (phase B)...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822182/-acute-toxicity-of-euphorbiae-pekinensis-radix-and-vinegar-processing-euphorbiae-pekinensis-radix-on-zebrafish-embryo
#3
Kai-Cheng Zhang, Yu-Dan Cao, Fang Yao, Li Zhang, An-Wei Ding
The embryos of model organism zebrafish were used to evaluate the acute toxicity of the extracts of Euphorbiae Pekinensis Radix and vinegar-processing Euphorbiae Pekinensis Radix, and the total terpene content of each extract was determined by using euphol as the reference standards. Twenty-four h normally developed zebrafish embryos were chosen, and 8 concentrations were adopted for each extract. Then the growth and death of zebrafish embryos were observed at 96 h after administration, and median lethal concentrations (LC50) of the different samples on zebrafish embryos were calculated...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822157/-the-analysis-of-multivariate-image-and-chemometrics-in-tlc-fingerprinting-of-artificial-cow-bezoar
#4
Ling-Wen Yao, Yan Shi, Dong-Mei Sun, Xian-Long Cheng, Feng Wei, Shuang-Cheng Ma
A method of thin-layer fingerprinting chromatogram of artificial cow-bezoar was established with the developing solvent consisting of cyclohexane, ethyl acetate, acetic acid and methanol (2∶7∶1∶2), and 10% sulfuric acid ethanol solution sprayed as colour-developing agent. After heated at 105 ℃, TLC was recorded as an image in ultraviolet light at 366 nm which was converted into grayscale. By the gray value extracted from the grayscale, the multivariate data obtained from TLC of samples could be analyzed by chemometric method...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822156/-hplc-ms-ms-determination-of-residual-amount-of-4-plant-growth-retardants-in-6-dried-root-and-rhizome-herbs
#5
Yu-Yao Zhai, Bao-Lin Guo
HPLC-MS/MS was applied to the determination of residual amount of plant growth retardant such as paclobutrazol, daminozide, chlormequat and mepiquat chloride in dried root and rhizome herbs. The sample was extracted twice with acetonitrile containing 0.1% formic acid. The separation was performed on a Waters Atlantis HILIC column with an elution system consisting of acetonitrile-5 mmol•L⁻¹ ammonium acetate solution with 0.1% formic acid, methanol and acetonitrile. The MS spectrum was acquired in positive mode with multiple reactions monitoring (MRM)...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822093/leonardite-derived-humic-substances-are-great-adsorbents-for-cadmium
#6
Fande Meng, Guodong Yuan, Jing Wei, Dongxue Bi, Hailong Wang
Adsorption is an important mechanism to immobilize cadmium (Cd) in soil, for which humic substances have a potential. However, commercial humic substances are either very acidic (pH = 2) or alkaline/Na(+)-enriched, making them less suitable for use in acid and saline soils. Here, we used leonardite to produce humic adsorbents HA (pH = 4.02), Ca-HA (pH = 10.9), and Ca-CPAM-HA (pH = 9.62) by using HCl, CaCl2, or CaCl2-polyacrylamide as a flocculant. Their elemental compositions, acidity, and spectroscopic properties were determined, and their Cd adsorption characteristics were assessed by batch kinetic and thermodynamic experiments at environmentally relevant concentrations...
August 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821921/anti-nociceptive-effect-of-stigmasterol-in-mouse-models-of-acute-and-chronic-pain
#7
Cristiani Isabel Banderó Walker, Sara Marchesan Oliveira, Raquel Tonello, Mateus Fortes Rossato, Evelyne da Silva Brum, Juliano Ferreira, Gabriela Trevisan
Stigmasterol is a common sterol found in plants, but the anti-nociceptive effect of this compound and its mechanism of action are not fully explored. Thus, in the present study, the anti-nociceptive effect of stigmasterol was investigated in acute and chronic models of pain and its mechanism of action. We used adult male albino Swiss mice (25-35 g) to observe the anti-nociceptive effect of stigmasterol in acetic-acid writhing test or in complete Freund's adjuvant injection, surgical incision in hind paw, or partial sciatic nerve ligation...
August 18, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821807/sulfate-reduction-in-sediments-produces-high-levels-of-chromophoric-dissolved-organic-matter
#8
Jenna L Luek, Kaitlyn E Thompson, Randolph K Larsen, Andrew Heyes, Michael Gonsior
Sulfate reduction plays an important role in altering dissolved organic matter (DOM) in estuarine and coastal sediments, although its role in the production of optically active chromophoric DOM (CDOM) and a subset of fluorescent DOM (FDOM) has not been previously investigated in detail. Freshwater sediment slurries were incubated anaerobically with added sulfate and acetate to promote sulfate-reducing bacteria. Ultraviolet visible (UV-Vis) absorbance and 3-dimensional excitation emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectra were measured over a five weeks anaerobic dark incubation period...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821715/invasive-trophoblast-promote-stromal-fibroblast-decidualization-via-profilin-1-and-alox5
#9
E M Menkhorst, M L Van Sinderen, K Rainczuk, C Cuman, A Winship, E Dimitriadis
During the establishment of pregnancy, extravillous trophoblast (EVT) must invade into the uterine decidua to facilitate decidual artery remodelling to create the placental blood supply. The local decidual environment is thought to regulate trophoblast invasion, however these interactions are poorly defined in humans. Recent evidence in women suggests impaired decidualization is associated with miscarriage and preeclampsia. Primary human endometrial stromal cells (HESC) and first trimester extravillous trophoblast (EVTs) were used to assess the effect of EVT-secreted factors on HESC decidualization, adhesion, proliferation and migration...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821438/effect-of-lipid-emulsion-infusion-on-paliperidone-pharmacokinetics-in-the-acute-overdose-rat-model-a-potential-emergency-treatment-for-paliperidone-intoxication
#10
Tomoyuki Enokiya, Erquan Zhang, Kenji Ikemura, Yuichi Muraki, Yoshiaki Iwashita, Takuya Iwamoto, Hiroshi Imai, Kazuo Maruyama, Masahiro Okuda
Paliperidone prolongs cardiac repolarization in a concentration-dependent manner. Meanwhile, continuous infusion of intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) has been established as a detoxification therapy for lipophilic drugs. However, this change in pharmacokinetics of various drugs following ILE administration remains to be clarified. Our objective is to clarify the effect of continuous intravenous infusion of lipid emulsion (ILE) on the pharmacokinetics of overdosed paliperidone in rats. Paliperidone (20mg/kg) was administered orally to free-moving male Wistar rats...
August 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821163/metformin-maintains-mucosal-integrity-in-experimental-model-of-colitis-by-inhibiting-oxidative-stress-and-pro-inflammatory-signaling
#11
Abhimanu Pandey, Sneh Verma, Vijay L Kumar
Metformin, an antidiabetic drug, is well known for its multifarious properties and its ability to modulate inflammatory cascade. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory condition of the colon where drugs exhibiting anti-inflammatory property have been shown to induce and maintain remission. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of metformin against acetic-acid induced colitis in rat. The study included five groups of rats namely normal control, experimental control, drug treated groups (50 and 500mg/kg of metformin, MET50, MET500 and 300mg/kg of mesalazine, MSZ300)...
August 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821120/enhanced-permeability-and-antifouling-performance-of-cellulose-acetate-ultrafiltration-membrane-assisted-by-l-dopa-functionalized-halloysite-nanotubes
#12
REVIEW
Keguang Mu, Dalun Zhang, Ziqiang Shao, Dujian Qin, Yalong Wang, Shuo Wang
l-Dopa functionalized halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) were prepared by the self-polymerization of l-dopa in the weak alkaline condition. Then different contents of l-dopa coated HNTs (LPDHNTs) were blended into cellulose acetate to prepare enhanced performance ultrafiltration membranes via the phase inversion method. The HNTs and LPDHNTs were characterized by FTIR, XPS, and TEM anysis. And the membranes morphologies, separation performance, antifouling performance, mechanical properties and hydrophilicity were also investigated...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821105/production-of-xylooligosaccharides-by-autohydrolysis-of-hazelnut-corylus-avellana-l-shell
#13
Ece Surek, Ali Oguz Buyukkileci
Hazelnut shell (HS), husk and pruning residues were characterized and evaluated for xylooligosaccharides (XOS) production by autohydrolysis. HS contained the highest amount of xylan and yielded more XOS compared to other hazelnut residues. The temperature and holding time of HS autohydrolysis greatly influenced the composition of the liquor and the remaining solid. The highest XOS yield (62% of the feedstock xylan) was obtained at 190°C and 5min of holding time. At this temperature, 30min of holding time was required to maximize the percentage of XOS with low degree of polymerization...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821090/dyeing-and-characterization-of-regenerated-cellulose-nanofibers-with-vat-dyes
#14
Muzamil Khatri, Farooq Ahmed, Irfan Shaikh, Duy-Nam Phan, Qamar Khan, Zeeshan Khatri, Hoik Lee, Ick Soo Kim
Recent advancement in dyeing of nanofibers has been accelerated to improve their aesthetic properties, however, achieving good color fastness remains a challenge. Therefore, we attempt to improve the color fastness properties nanofibers. Vat dyes are known for better color fastness and their application on nanofibers has not been investigated to date. Herein, we report dyeing of regenerated cellulose nanofibers (RCNF) that were produced from precursor of cellulose acetate (CA) followed by deacetylation process...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821086/optimization-purification-and-structural-characterization-of-a-dextran-produced-by-l-mesenteroides-isolated-from-chinese-sauerkraut
#15
Renpeng Du, Hanwen Xing, Yanping Yang, Hanji Jiang, Zhijiang Zhou, Ye Han
A higher yield of dextran strain Leuconstoc mesenteroides TDS2-19 was isolated from Chinese sauerkraut juice. Effects of the three main factors on exopolysaccharide (EPS) yield were investigated by central composite design (CCD) and the optimum composition was sucrose 117.48g/L, sodium acetate 4.10g/L, and initial pH 6.88. Optimum results showed that EPS yield was increased to 71.23±2.25g/L in 48h fermentation, 31.24% higher than before. The molecular weight (Mw) of ESP was 8.79×10(7)Da, as determined by high-performance size-exclusion chromatography (HPSEC)...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821058/exploration-of-permeability-and-antifouling-performance-on-modified-cellulose-acetate-ultrafiltration-membrane-with-cellulose-nanocrystals
#16
Jinling Lv, Guoquan Zhang, Hanmin Zhang, Fenglin Yang
Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) were introduced into cellulose diacetate (CDA) matrix via immerged phase-inversion process, aiming to improve the filtration and antifouling performance of CNCs/CDA blending membrane. The effects of CNCs on membrane morphologies, hydrophilicity, permeability and antifouling property were investigated. Results showed that the incorporation of CNCs into CDA membrane could effectively enhance the permeability and antifouling property of CNCs/CDA blending membrane by optimizing membrane microstructure and improving membrane hydrophilicity...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820942/the-effects-of-preheating-and-storage-temperature-on-aroma-profile-and-physical-properties-of-citrus-oil-emulsions
#17
Ying Yang, Chengying Zhao, Guifang Tian, Chang Lu, Shaojie Zhao, Yuming Bao, David Julian McClements, Hang Xiao, Jinkai Zheng
Citrus oils are used as good carrier oil for emulsion fabrication due to their special flavor and various health-promoting functions. In this study, the effects of preheating temperature (30, 40, 50, 60, and 70 oC) and storage temperature (4, 25 and 37 oC) on aroma profiles and physical properties of three citrus-oil (i.e. mandarin, sweet orange and bergamot oils) emulsions were systematically investigated for the first time. The results demonstrated the significant impact of temperature on aroma profile and physical properties...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820904/parametric-studies-of-metabolic-cooperativity-in-escherichia-coli-colonies-strain-and-geometric-confinement-effects
#18
Joseph R Peterson, John A Cole, Zaida Luthey-Schulten
Characterizing the complex spatial and temporal interactions among cells in a biological system (i.e. bacterial colony, microbiome, tissue, etc.) remains a challenge. Metabolic cooperativity in these systems can arise due to the subtle interplay between microenvironmental conditions and the cells' regulatory machinery, often involving cascades of intra- and extracellular signalling molecules. In the simplest of cases, as demonstrated in a recent study of the model organism Escherichia coli, metabolic cross-feeding can arise in monoclonal colonies of bacteria driven merely by spatial heterogeneity in the availability of growth substrates; namely, acetate, glucose and oxygen...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820600/magnesiate-addition-ring-expansion-strategy-to-access-the-6-7-6-tricyclic-core-of-hetisine-type-c20-diterpenoid-alkaloids
#19
Jason J Pflueger, Louis C Morrill, Justine N deGruyter, Melecio A Perea, Richmond Sarpong
A synthetic strategy to access the fused 6-7-6 tricyclic core of hetisine-type C20-diterpenoid alkaloids is reported. This strategy employs a Diels-Alder cycloaddition to assemble a fused bicyclic anhydride intermediate, which is elaborated to a vinyl lactone-acetal bearing an aromatic ring in five steps. Aromatic iodination is followed by magnesium-halogen exchange with a trialkyl magnesiate species, which undergoes intramolecular cyclization. Subsequent oxidation provides the desired 6-7-6 tricyclic diketoaldehyde, with carbonyl groups at all three positions for eventual C-N bond formation and subsequent elaboration...
August 18, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820425/bioinformatics-analysis-of-phylogeny-and-transcription-of-taa-yuc-auxin-biosynthetic-genes
#20
Axel Poulet, Verena Kriechbaumer
Auxin is a main plant growth hormone crucial in a multitude of developmental processes in plants. Auxin biosynthesis via the tryptophan aminotransferase of arabidopsis (TAA)/YUCCA (YUC) route involving tryptophan aminotransferases and YUC flavin-dependent monooxygenases that produce the auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) from tryptophan is currently the most researched auxin biosynthetic pathway. Previous data showed that, in maize and arabidopsis, TAA/YUC-dependent auxin biosynthesis can be detected in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) microsomal fractions, and a subset of auxin biosynthetic proteins are localized to the ER, mainly due to transmembrane domains (TMD)...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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