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Aldehyde dehydrogenase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423611/the-stem-cell-cancer-stem-cell-marker-aldh1a3-regulates-the-expression-of-the-survival-factor-tissue-transglutaminase-in-mesenchymal-glioma-stem-cells
#1
Kelly E Sullivan, Kathy Rojas, Richard A Cerione, Ichiro Nakano, Kristin F Wilson
Tissue transglutaminase (tTG), a dual-function enzyme with GTP-binding and acyltransferase activities, has been implicated in the survival and chemotherapy resistance of aggressive cancer cells and cancer stem cells, including glioma stem cells (GSCs). Using a model system comprising two distinct subtypes of GSCs referred to as proneural (PN) and mesenchymal (MES), we find that the phenotypically aggressive and radiation therapy-resistant MES GSCs exclusively express tTG relative to PN GSCs. As such, the self-renewal, proliferation, and survival of these cells was sensitive to treatment with tTG inhibitors, with a benefit being observed when combined with the standard of care for high grade gliomas (i...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420235/garcinol-from-garcinia-indica-downregulates-cancer-stem-like-cell-biomarker-aldh1a1-in-nsclc-a549-cells-through-ddit3-activation
#2
Jinhan Wang, Liwen Wang, Chi-Tang Ho, Kunsheng Zhang, Qiang Liu, Hui Zhao
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer and patients with NSCLC show high mortality rates still because of failure to clean up cancer stem cells (CSCs). The anticancer activity of phytochemical garcinol has been identified in various cancer cell models. However, the effect of garcinol on NSCLC cell lines is still not clear. Of the NSCLC cell lines we tested, A549 cells were the most sensitive to garcinol. Interestingly, Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 1 Family Member A1 (ALDH1A1) is preferentially expressed in A549 cells and downregulated by the addition of garcinol...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419719/spectroscopic-evidences-of-toxic-trans-crotonaldehyde-trapped-and-transformed-by-resveratrol-to-prevent-the-damage-of-mitochondrial-dna
#3
Yanwen Su, Lei Chen, Yanbin Su, Zhengqiang Li, Chuang Zhang, Tongxing Mu
The purpose of this study is to probe the spectroscopic evidences of toxic trans-crotonaldehyde (TCA) trapped and transformed by resveratrol (Res) to prevent the damage of mitochondrial DNA. In aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) at the different pH or mitochondria, the spectroscopic characteristics of TCA trapped and transformed by Res were observed by means of both UV-vis and Raman spectra. When Res interacted with TCA, TCA peak at 316 nm immediately disappeared while Res main peak at 305 nm and shoulder peak at 320 nm were dramatically changed, Raman peaks of TCA at 1,688 cm(-1) assigned to CHO and 1,641 cm(-1) affiliated to CC were strikingly shifted, Raman peaks of Res itself were significantly displaced or disappeared, especially in mitochondria and ALDH at different pH...
April 16, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418868/grik2-has-a-role-in-the-maintenance-of-urothelial-carcinoma-stem-like-cells-and-its-expression-is-associated-with-poorer-prognosis
#4
Ryuta Inoue, Yoshihiko Hirohashi, Hiroshi Kitamura, Sachiyo Nishida, Aiko Murai, Akari Takaya, Eri Yamamoto, Masahiro Matsuki, Toshiaki Tanaka, Terufumi Kubo, Munehide Nakatsugawa, Takayuki Kanaseki, Tomohide Tsukahara, Noriyuki Sato, Naoya Masumori, Toshihiko Torigoe
Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs)/cancer-initiating cells (CICs) are small sub-population of cancer cells that are endowed with higher tumor-initiating ability, self-renewal ability and differentiation ability. CSCs/CICs could be isolated as high aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 activity cells (ALDH1high) from various cancer samples. In this study, we isolated urothelial carcinoma CSCs/CICs as ALDHhigh cells and investigated the molecular aspects. ALDH1high cells showed greater sphere-forming ability and higher tumor-initiating ability in immune-deficient mice than those of ALDH1low cells, indicating that CSCs/CICs were enriched in ALDH1high cells...
March 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414156/modeling-of-interactions-between-functional-domains-of-aldh1l1
#5
David A Horita, Sergey A Krupenko
ALDH1L1, a member of the aldehyde dehydrogenase superfamily of enzymes, catalyzes the conversion of 10-formyltetrahydrofolate to tetrahydrofolate and CO2. The enzyme is a tetramer of identical subunits, with each subunit consisting of three functional domains that originated from unrelated genes. The N- and C-terminal domains are catalytic, while the intermediate domain transfers the reaction intermediate from the N- to the C-terminal domain. The intermediate domain is an acyl carrier protein, possessing the covalently attached 4'-phosphopantetheine (4-PP) prosthetic group...
April 14, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395341/electrophilic-aldehyde-products-of-lipid-peroxidation-selectively-adduct-to-heat-shock-protein-90-and-arylsulfatase-a-in-stallion-spermatozoa%C3%A2
#6
Sally E Hall, R John Aitken, Brett Nixon, Nathan D Smith, Zamira Gibb
Oxidative stress is a major determinant of mammalian sperm function stimulating lipid peroxidation cascades that culminate in the generation of potentially cytotoxic aldehydes. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of such aldehydes on the functionality of stallion spermatozoa. The impact of exposure to exogenous acrolein (ACR) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4HNE) was manifested in a highly significant dose- and time-dependent increase in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS), total cellular ROS, a decrease in sperm motility, and a time-dependent increase in lipid peroxidation...
January 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393833/structural-insights-into-the-production-of-3-hydroxypropionic-acid-by-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-from-azospirillum-brasilense
#7
Hyeoncheol Francis Son, Sunghoon Park, Tae Hyeon Yoo, Gyoo Yeol Jung, Kyung-Jin Kim
3-Hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) is an important platform chemical to be converted to acrylic acid and acrylamide. Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), an enzyme that catalyzes the reaction of 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA) to 3-HP, determines 3-HP production rate during the conversion of glycerol to 3-HP. To elucidate molecular mechanism of 3-HP production, we determined the first crystal structure of a 3-HP producing ALDH, α-ketoglutarate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase from Azospirillum basilensis (AbKGSADH), in its apo-form and in complex with NAD(+)...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393208/isolation-of-cancer-progenitor-cells-from-cancer-stem-cells-in-gastric-cancer
#8
Zhiyang Shang, Yingxin Xu, Wentao Liang, Kai Liang, Xiang Hu, Lei Wang, Zhenyu Zou, Yue Ma
The success of cancer treatment may depend on the complete elimination of cancer stem cells (CSCs). However, data regarding the current characterization of CSCs in different types of tumor are inconsistent, possibly due to the mixture of CSCs with cancer progenitor cells (CPCs). Therefore, it is important to exclude CPCs for the characterization of CSCs. The present study aimed to characterize gastric cancer stem cells (GCSC) by separating GCPC from gastric progenitor cells (GCSC) with flow cytometry. In total, 615 murine gastric cancer (GC) cells were divided into aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH)high, ALDHlow and ALDHneg groups by flow cytometry according to their ALDH activity...
April 3, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389731/esophageal-cancer-stem-cells-are-suppressed-by-tranilast-a-trpv2-channel-inhibitor
#9
Atsushi Shiozaki, Michihiro Kudou, Daisuke Ichikawa, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Hiroki Shimizu, Takeshi Ishimoto, Tomohiro Arita, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Hirotaka Konishi, Shuhei Komatsu, Kazuma Okamoto, Yoshinori Marunaka, Eigo Otsuji
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that the targeting of membrane proteins specifically activated in cancer stem cells (CSCs) is an important strategy for cancer therapy. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the expression and activity of ion-transport-related molecules in the CSCs of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: Cells exhibiting strong aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family member A1 (ALDH1A1) activity were isolated from TE8 cells by fluorescence-activated cell sorting, and CSCs were then generated with the sphere formation assay...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389542/characterization-of-five-fatty-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-enzymes-from-marinobacter-and-acinetobacter-structural-insights-into-the-aldehyde-binding-pocket
#10
Jonathan H Bertram, Kalene M Mulliner, Ke Shi, Mary H Plunkett, Peter Nixon, Nicholas A Serratore, Christopher J Douglas, Hideki Aihara, Brett M Barney
Enzymes involved in lipid biosynthesis and metabolism play an important role in energy conversion and storage, and in the function of structural components such as cell membranes. The fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase (FAldDH) plays a central function in the metabolism of lipid intermediates, oxidizing fatty aldehydes to the corresponding fatty acid, and competing with pathways that would further reduce the fatty aldehydes to fatty alcohols or require the fatty aldehydes to produce alkanes. In this report, the genes for four putative FAldDH enzymes from Marinobacter aquaeolei VT8 and an additional enzyme from Acinetobacter baylyi were heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli and shown to display FAldDH activity...
April 7, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389253/role-of-genetic-polymorphism-of-aldh2-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#11
Tomotaka Ugai, Yoshinobu Kanda, Yasuo Morishima, Keitaro Matsuo
Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is involved in critically important biological processes, such as the metabolism of aldehydes and aldehyde-induced genotoxicity in hematopoietic stem cells. Given its role in these biological processes, we hypothesized that a functional ALDH2 polymorphism could affect transplant outcome after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Here, we analyzed the Japanese national registry data for 409 patients who underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from an HLA-matched unrelated donor...
April 4, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386220/ethanol-sensitization-during-adolescence-or-adulthood-induces-different-patterns-of-ethanol-consumption-without-affecting-ethanol-metabolism
#12
Priscila F Carrara-Nascimento, Lucas B Hoffmann, Marcos B Contó, Tania Marcourakis, Rosana Camarini
In previous study, we demonstrated that ethanol preexposure may increase ethanol consumption in both adolescent and adult mice, in a two-bottle choice model. We now questioned if ethanol exposure during adolescence results in changes of consumption pattern using a three-bottle choice procedure, considering drinking-in-the-dark and alcohol deprivation effect as strategies for ethanol consumption escalation. We also analyzed aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity as a measurement of ethanol metabolism. Adolescent and adult Swiss mice were treated with saline (SAL) or 2...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384229/alcohol-abstinence-and-risk-assessment-for-second-esophageal-cancer-in-japanese-men-after-mucosectomy-for-early-esophageal-cancer
#13
Akira Yokoyama, Chikatoshi Katada, Tetsuji Yokoyama, Tomonori Yano, Kazuhiro Kaneko, Ichiro Oda, Yuichi Shimizu, Hisashi Doyama, Tomoyuki Koike, Kohei Takizawa, Motohiro Hirao, Hiroyuki Okada, Takako Yoshii, Kazuo Konishi, Takenori Yamanouchi, Takashi Tsuda, Tai Omori, Nozomu Kobayashi, Haruhisa Suzuki, Satoshi Tanabe, Keisuke Hori, Norisuke Nakayama, Hirofumi Kawakubo, Hideki Ishikawa, Manabu Muto
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption combined with inactive aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) and the presence of multiple esophageal Lugol-voiding lesions (LVLs; dysplasia) are strong predictors for multiple development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in East Asians. We invented a health risk appraisal (HRA) model for predicting the risk of ESCC based on drinking, smoking, dietary habits, and alcohol flushing, i.e., past or present facial flushing after drinking a glass of beer, a surrogate marker for inactive ALDH2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383433/aldehyde-dehydrogenase-1-aldh1-expression-is-an-independent-prognostic-factor-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-tnbc
#14
Fei Ma, Huihui Li, Yiqun Li, Xiaoyan Ding, Haijuan Wang, Ying Fan, Chen Lin, Haili Qian, Binghe Xu
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a subset of breast cancer that is highly aggressive and has a poor prognosis. Meanwhile, cancer stem cells (CSCs) are also characterized by a strong tumorigenic potential, which might be partly responsible for the aggressive behavior of TNBC. We previously showed that CSCs are enriched in TNBC cell lines and tissues. Further experiments in animal models revealed higher tumorigenicity of CSCs sorted from TNBC cell lines. In this study, we aimed to determine the clinical relationship between CSCs and TNBC by exploring the expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1), which is a putative marker of breast CSCs, in TNBC tissues...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382610/the-role-of-mitochondrial-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-2-aldh2-in-neuropathology-and-neurodegeneration
#15
Che-Hong Chen, Amit U Joshi, Daria Mochly-Rosen
Aldehydes-induced toxicity has been implicated in many neurodegenerative diseases. Exposure to reactive aldehydes from (1) alcohol and food metabolism; (2) environmental pollutants, including car, factory exhausts, smog, pesticides, herbicides; (3) metabolism of neurotransmitters, amino acids and (4) lipid peroxidation of biological membrane from excessive ROS, all contribute to 'aldehydic load' that has been linked to the pathology of neurodegenerative diseases. In particular, the α, β-unsaturated aldehydes derived from lipid peroxidation, 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), DOPAL (MAO product of dopamine), malondialdehyde, acrolein and acetaldehyde, all readily form chemical adductions with proteins, DNA and lipids, thus causing neurotoxicity...
December 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381191/expression-and-associations-of-traf1-bmi-1-aldh1-and-lin28b-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#16
Tian-Fu Wu, Yi-Cun Li, Si-Rui Ma, Bing-Liu, Wen-Feng Zhang, Zhi-Jun Sun
Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 1, an adaptor protein of tumor necrosis factor 2, is involved in classical nuclear factor (NF)-κB activation and lymphocyte recruitment. However, less is known about the expression and association of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 1 with cancer stem cell markers in oral squamous cell carcinoma. This study aimed to investigate the expression of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 1 and stem cell characteristic markers (lin28 homolog B, B cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1, and aldehyde dehydrogenase 1) in oral squamous cell carcinoma and analyze their relations...
April 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381190/ectopic-overexpression-of-cd133-in-hnscc-makes-it-resistant-to-commonly-used-chemotherapeutics
#17
Junyoung Lee, Mineon Park, Youngjong Ko, Bora Kim, Okjoon Kim, Hoon Hyun, DongHwi Kim, HongMoon Sohn, Young Lae Moon, Wonbong Lim
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most common cancers in the world. Resistance to cytotoxic chemotherapy is a major cause of mortality in patients with HNSCC. A small subset of cancer cells called cancer stem cells (CSCs) may be key contributors to drug resistance and tumor recurrence in HNSCC. The aim of this study was to determine whether CD133, which maintains properties of CSCs, promotes chemoresistance by arresting cell cycle transition and reducing apoptosis in HNSCC cells. CD133 overexpression was examined in KB cells, and colony forming and aldehyde dehydrogenase activity assays were performed...
April 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377719/serelaxin-treatment-reduces-oxidative-stress-and-increases-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-2-to-attenuate-nitrate-tolerance
#18
Chen Huei Leo, Dhanushke T Fernando, Lillie Tran, Hooi Hooi Ng, Sarah A Marshall, Laura J Parry
Background: Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) is a commonly prescribed treatment for acute heart failure patients. However, prolonged GTN treatment induces tolerance, largely due to increased oxidative stress and reduced aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH-2) expression. Serelaxin has several vasoprotective properties, which include reducing oxidative stress and augmenting endothelial function. We therefore tested the hypothesis in rodents that serelaxin treatment could attenuate low-dose GTN-induced tolerance. Methods and Results: Co-incubation of mouse aortic rings ex vivo with GTN (10 μM) and serelaxin (10 nM) for 1 h, restored GTN responses, suggesting that serelaxin prevented the development of GTN tolerance...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376593/-expression-and-prognosis-of-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-1-in-estrogen-receptor-negative-invasive-breast-carcinoma
#19
X L Liu, C Y Yang, H Chen, Y Liu, Q Wang, C Zhang, H Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373443/dynamic-phenotypic-transition-of-breast-cancer-cells-in-vitro-revealed-by-self-floating-cell-culture
#20
Yusuke Oku, Naoyuki Nishiya, Kayoko Tsuda, Masahiko Shibazaki, Chihaya Maesawa, Yoshimasa Uehara
BACKGROUND: Breast tumor heterogeneity leads to phenotypic diversity, such as tumor-initiating and metastatic properties and drug sensitivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We found that a self-floating cell (SFC) culture enriches a drug-resistant subpopulation in a HER2-positive breast cancer cell line. SFCs were analyzed for cancer stem cell markers, gene expression profiles, and sensitivity for anticancer drugs. RESULTS: SFCs expressed cancer stem cell markers, such as aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity and elevated HER2 autophosphorylation...
April 2017: Anticancer Research
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