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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777495/ameliorative-effect-of-ginseng-extract-on-phthalate-and-bisphenol-a-reprotoxicity-during-pregnancy-in-rats
#1
Islam M Saadeldin, Mohamed A Hussein, Aida Hamid Suleiman, Mahmoud G Abohassan, Mona M Ahmed, Amr A Moustafa, Abdullah F Moumen, Ayman Abdel-Aziz Swelum
Phthalates (such as DEHP) and bisphenol A (BPA) are widely used chemicals in plastics manufacturing and exert public health concerns as endocrine disrupters. This study was designed to investigate the deleterious effect of DEHP and BPA on endocrine profile of pregnant female rats and the combined treatment with ginseng extract (Panax ginseng). Seventy-two pregnant rats were divided into six groups (control, ginseng, DEHP, BPA, Gin + DEHP, and Gin + BPA), 12 females per each group. The drugs were supplemented from pregnancy day 0 until day 20...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775476/maternal-asthma-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-perinatal-mortality
#2
Mari Kemppainen, Anna-Maria Lahesmaa-Korpinen, Paula Kauppi, Martti Virtanen, Suvi M Virtanen, Riitta Karikoski, Mika Gissler, Turkka Kirjavainen
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic disease during pregnancy and it may have influence on pregnancy outcome. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to assess the association between maternal asthma and the perinatal risks as well as possible effects of asthma medication. METHODS: The study was based on a nationwide Finnish register-based cohort between the years 1996 and 2012 in the Drug and Pregnancy Database. The register data comprised 962 405 singleton live and stillbirths, 898 333 (93...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771477/serious-infections-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-offspring-exposed-to-tumour-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-inhibitors-cohort-study
#3
Évelyne Vinet, Cristiano De Moura, Christian A Pineau, Michal Abrahamowicz, Jeffrey R Curtis, Sasha Bernatsky
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of serious infections in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) offspring exposed to tumour necrosis factor α inhibitors (TNFi) in the gestational period compared to unexposed RA offspring, as well as to children from the general population. METHODS: We used US claim data (2011-2015) to identify 2 989 RA offspring and a randomly selected group of 14 596 control children, matched ≥4:1 for maternal age, year of delivery, and state of residence...
May 17, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768611/deaths-of-women-hospitalized-for-childbirth-and-abortion-and-of-their-concept-in-maternity-wards-of-brazilian-public-hospitals
#4
Pauline Lorena Kale, Maria Helena Prado de Mello Jorge, Sandra Costa Fonseca, Angela Maria Cascão, Kátia Silveira da Silva, Ana Cristina Reis, Mauro Tomoyuki Taniguchi
The aim of this cross-sectional hospital-based study of 7,845 pregnancies was to analyze deaths of women hospitalized for childbirth and abortion, and fetal and neonatal deaths, in public hospitals in the cities of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Niteroi (RJ), Brazil, in 2011. Outcomes of the pregnancies were: one maternal death, 498 abortions, 65 fetal deaths, 44 neonatal deaths and 7,291 infant survivors. Data were collected through interviews, medical records and the women's pregnancy records, and from the Mortality Information System (SIM)...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765257/spotlight-on-certolizumab-pegol-in-the-treatment-of-axial-spondyloarthritis-efficacy-safety-and-place-in-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Josefina Marin, María Laura Acosta Felquer, Enrique R Soriano
Certolizumab pegol (CZP) is a pegylated humanized tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor (TNFi) approved for the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in the USA and for AS and non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) in Europe and in some Latin American countries. CZP lacks Fc region, preventing complement fixation and cytotoxicity mediated by antibody; CZP does not actively cross the placenta, unlike other TNFi. RAPID-axSpA study is a Phase III trial conducted in patients with AS and nr-axSpA as double blind and placebo controlled to week 24, dose blind to week 48 and open label to week 204...
2018: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764430/drug-prescribing-during-pregnancy-in-a-central-region-of-italy-2008-2012
#6
Martina Ventura, Alice Maraschini, Paola D'Aloja, Ursula Kirchmayer, Ilaria Lega, Marina Davoli, Serena Donati
BACKGROUND: Drug consumption during pregnancy is a matter of concern, especially regarding drugs known or suspected to be teratogens. Little is known about drug use in pregnant women in Italy. The present study is aimed at examining the prevalence, and to detect potential inappropriateness of drug prescribing among pregnant women in Latium, a region of central Italy. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted on a cohort of women aged 18-45 years who delivered between 2008 and 2012 in public hospitals...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763992/development-of-an-algorithm-to-identify-pregnancy-episodes-and-related-outcomes-in-health-care-claims-databases-an-application-to-antiepileptic-drug-use-in-4-9-million-pregnant-women-in-france
#7
Pierre-Olivier Blotière, Alain Weill, Marie Dalichampt, Cécile Billionnet, Myriam Mezzarobba, Fanny Raguideau, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Mahmoud Zureik, Joël Coste, François Alla
PURPOSE: Access to claims databases provides an opportunity to study medication use and safety during pregnancy. We developed an algorithm to identify pregnancy episodes in the French health care databases and applied it to study antiepileptic drug (AED) use during pregnancy between 2007 and 2014. METHODS: The algorithm searched the French health care databases for discharge diagnoses and medical procedures indicative of completion of a pregnancy. To differentiate claims associated with separate pregnancies, an interval of at least 28 weeks was required between 2 consecutive pregnancies resulting in a birth and 6 weeks for terminations of pregnancy...
May 15, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760859/substance-use-in-pregnant-women-using-the-emergency-department-undertested-and-overlooked
#8
C Leigh Moyer, Sean Johnson, Marilyn G Klug, Larry Burd
Introduction: The objective was to determine if pregnant women visiting the emergency department (ED) are tested for substance use as frequently as non-pregnant women. Methods: We captured all ED visits over a six-year period (2010-2016) from a single community hospital and identified women of childbearing age, defined for our study as 11-50 years old. We collected demographic data including age in years, ethnicity, body mass index, marital status, disposition, last encounter department, method of arrival, and day of week...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759884/assessment-of-induced-cyp3a-activity-in-pregnant-women-using-4%C3%AE-hydroxycholesterol-cholesterol-ratio-as-an-appropriate-metabolic-marker
#9
Andrew HyoungJin Kim, Bora Kim, Su-Jin Rhee, Yujin Lee, Joong Shin Park, Seung Mi Lee, Sun Min Kim, SeungHwan Lee, Kyung-Sang Yu, In-Jin Jang, Joo-Youn Cho
AIMS: This study was aimed at evaluating changes in CYP3A activity following and during pregnancy by analyzing metabolic markers for CYP3A activity, which can help avoid unnecessary drug exposure and invasive sampling. METHODS: Forty-eight pregnant women and 25 non-pregnant women were enrolled in this study. Plasma and urine samples were collected from the pregnant women during each trimester and from the non-pregnant women for evaluation of metabolic markers for CYP3A activity...
April 25, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755704/breastfeeding-in-patients-with-chronic-myeloid-leukaemia-case-series-with-measurements-of-drug-concentrations-in-maternal-milk-and-literature-review
#10
Ekaterina Chelysheva, Sergey Aleshin, Evgenia Polushkina, Roman Shmakov, Igor Shokhin, Ghermes Chilov, Anna Turkina
Breastfeeding in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) during tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) therapy is not recommended but interruption of TKI treatment may cause the loss of remission. We studied the 3 cases of pregnancy and breastfeeding in women with CML and observed that stopping treatment without major molecular response may end in haematological relapse. The concentrations of nilotinib and imatinib in maternal milk were measured and nilotinib distribution in human breast milk was demonstrated for the first time...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754108/knowledge-of-women-issues-and-epilepsy-among-doctors-in-sudan
#11
Awab K Elnaeim, Mohamed K Elnaeim, Ismat B A Babiker
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge of doctors in Sudan about women issues related to epilepsy. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study that was conducted in Sudan during the period from October 2017 to December 2017, we used Google forms to collect data from 154 doctors using Knowledge of Women Issues and Epilepsy (KOWIE) II standardized questionnaire. RESULTS: Our studied group included house officers (n = 34), medical officers (n = 60), registrars (n = 52), and specialists (n = 8)...
May 10, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751529/the-use-and-safety-of-tnf-inhibitors-during-pregnancy-in-women-with-psoriasis-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Cæcilie Bachdal Johansen, Espen Jimenez-Solem, Ann Haerskjold, Freja Lærke Sand, Simon Francis Thomsen
Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disease affecting women of childbearing potential. Biologic agents, notably Tumor Necrosis Factor inhibitors (TNFi), are the only current non-contraindicated systemic treatment option during pregnancy. TNFi comprised of complete immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies antibodies (adalimumab, golimumab, and infliximab) actively cross the placenta from the second trimester and are detectable in the child up to one year postpartum. Data on safety of TNFi are conflicting; however a trend towards drug-specific harm has been reported, with increased risk of congenital malformations and preterm birth...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751353/zonisamide-serum-concentrations-during-pregnancy
#13
Arne Reimers, Grethe Helde, Noémi Becser Andersen, Dag Aurlien, Elisabeth Surlien Navjord, Kathrine Haggag, Jakob Christensen, Kari Mette Lillestølen, Karl Otto Nakken, Eylert Brodtkorb
PURPOSE: To investigate the change in zonisamide (ZNS) serum concentration and its consequences in pregnant women with epilepsy. METHODS: Six hospitals in Norway and Denmark screened their records for women who had been using ZNS during pregnancy. Absolute serum concentrations as well as concentration/dose (CD)-ratios were compared to non-pregnant values. Descriptive data on seizure control and obstetrical data were also collected. RESULTS: 144 serum concentrations from 23 pregnancies in 15 individual women with epilepsy were included (six on monotherapy)...
May 4, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751228/prenatal-nicotine-exposure-alters-postsynaptic-ampa-receptors-and-glutamate-neurotransmission-within-the-laterodorsal-tegmentum-ldt-of-juvenile-mice
#14
Filip S Polli, Kristi A Kohlmeier
Despite dissemination of information regarding the harm on fetal development of smoking while pregnant, the number of pregnancies associated with nicotine exposure appears to have stagnated. Presence of nicotine during neural formulation is associated with a higher susceptibility of drug dependence, suggesting an altered development of neurons in circuits involved in saliency and motivation. The laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDT) plays a role in coding stimuli valence via afferents to mesolimbic nuclei. Accordingly, alterations in development of neural mechanisms in the LDT could be involved in vulnerability to drug dependency...
April 25, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751095/psychosocial-correlates-of-marijuana-use-among-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-adolescent-girls
#15
Golfo Tzilos Wernette, Erin E Bonar, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Pregnant and non-pregnant populations in the US report marijuana as the most commonly used illicit drug. Patterns of marijuana use and psychosocial correlates are unclear among non-treatment seeking teenage girls. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The objective of this study was to use cross-sectional data to examine the psychosocial correlates of recent marijuana use among a sample of 646 pregnant and non-pregnant adolescent girls presenting to urban primary care clinics (mean age = 15...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749124/development-of-algorithms-to-determine-the-onset-of-pregnancy-and-delivery-date-using-health-care-administrative-data-in-a-university-hospital-in-japan
#16
Tomofumi Ishikawa, Taku Obara, Hidekazu Nishigori, Keiko Miyakoda, Ryusuke Inoue, Tetsuro Hoshiai, Masatoshi Saito, Nobuo Yaegashi, Nariyasu Mano
PURPOSE: To develop and assess algorithms to determine the onset of pregnancy and delivery date using health administrative data from a university hospital in Japan. METHODS: All women who were hospitalized in the maternity ward and had at least one pregnancy that ended with a delivery during the period of January 2014 and December 2015 were included in this study. The true delivery date was obtained from the electronic medical records and was used as a gold standard...
May 11, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748942/knowledge-and-practice-characteristics-of-pharmacists-in-qatar-towards-medication-use-in-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Pallivalapilla Abdul Rouf, Binny Thomas, Wessam Elkassem, Asma Tarannum, Doua Al Saad, Mohammed M Gasim, Moza Al Hail
Background: Medication use during pregnancy is common. Pharmacists have an important role in improving medication use during pregnancy. There is a lack of empirical evidence on pharmacists' knowledge and practice characteristics towards medication use in pregnancy. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the knowledge and practice characteristics of pharmacists in Qatar about medicines use in pregnancy. Methods: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted over a period of 6 months in 2010...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748892/updated-pharmacological-management-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-for-women-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-reflecting-recent-guidelines
#18
Kieran E Murray, Louise Moore, Celine O'Brien, Anne Clohessy, Caroline Brophy, Patricia Minnock, Oliver FitzGerald, Eamonn S Molloy, Anne-Barbara Mongey, Shane Higgins, Mary F Higgins, Fionnuala M Mc Auliffe, Douglas J Veale
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disease which can cause significant disability, morbidity, mortality, and impaired fertility. It commonly affects women of childbearing age. Managing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the perinatal period poses challenges. There is concern about the teratogenic effects of many traditional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and an ever-growing list of new therapeutic options with limited data in pregnancy and breastfeeding...
May 10, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748817/the-role-of-the-microbiome-for-human-health-from-basic-science-to-clinical-applications
#19
M Hasan Mohajeri, Robert J M Brummer, Robert A Rastall, Rinse K Weersma, Hermie J M Harmsen, Marijke Faas, Manfred Eggersdorfer
The 2017 annual symposium organized by the University Medical Center Groningen in The Netherlands focused on the role of the gut microbiome in human health and disease. Experts from academia and industry examined interactions of prebiotics, probiotics, or vitamins with the gut microbiome in health and disease, the development of the microbiome in early-life and the role of the microbiome on the gut-brain axis. The gut microbiota changes dramatically during pregnancy and intrinsic factors (such as stress), in addition to extrinsic factors (such as diet, and drugs) influence the composition and activity of the gut microbiome throughout life...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747656/maternal-drug-use-and-the-risk-of-anorectal-malformations-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Nadine Zwink, Ekkehart Jenetzky
BACKGROUND: Origin of anorectal malformations (ARM) are considered multifactorial. Several genetic and non-genetic risk factors are discussed in literature. Maternal periconceptional medical drug use as possible risk factor, however, has not been reviewed systematically. METHODS: Studies published between 1977 and April 2017 were reviewed through systematic search in PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge and Scopus databases. Furthermore, related and cross-referencing publications were reviewed...
May 10, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
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