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libraries and electronic medical record

Kolsoum Deldar, Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy, Seyed Mahmood Tara
BACKGROUND: The goal of teleconsultation is to omit geographical and functional distance between two or more geographically separated health care providers. The purpose of present study is to review and analyze physician-physician teleconsultations. METHOD: The PubMed electronic database was searched. The primary search was done on January 2015 and was updated on December 2015. A fetch and tag plan was designed by the researchers using an online Zotero library. RESULTS: 174 full-text articles of 1702 records met inclusion criteria...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Petr Starostik
Mutation detection in tumors started with classical cytogenetics as the method of choice more than 50 years ago. Karyotyping proved to be sensitive enough to detect deletions or duplications of large chromosome segments, and translocations. Over time, new techniques were developed to detect mutations that are much smaller in scope. The availability of Sanger sequencing and the invention of the PCR improved the discriminatory power of mutation detection to just one base change in the genomic DNA sequence. Techniques derived from PCR (allele-specific PCR, qPCR) and improved or modified sequencing methods (capillary electrophoresis, pyrosequencing) considerably increased the efficiency and sample throughput of mutation detection assays...
August 29, 2016: Anti-cancer Drugs
Giovanni Lodi, Roberto Franchini, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Elena Maria Varoni, Andrea Sardella, Alexander R Kerr, Antonio Carrassi, L C I MacDonald, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Oral leukoplakia is a relatively common oral lesion that, in a small proportion of people, precedes the development of oral cancer. Most leukoplakias are asymptomatic; therefore, the primary objective of treatment should be to prevent onset of cancer. This review updates our previous review, published in 2006. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, safety and acceptability of treatments for leukoplakia in preventing oral cancer. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 16 May 2016), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 4), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 16 May 2016), Embase Ovid (1980 to 16 May 2016) and CancerLit via PubMed (1950 to 16 May 2016)...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jamie R Robinson, Hannah Huth, Gretchen P Jackson
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs), computerized provider order entry (CPOE), and patient portals have experienced increased adoption by health care systems. The objective of this study was to review evidence regarding the impact of such health information technologies (HIT) on surgical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library was performed to identify data-driven, nonsurvey studies about the effects of HIT on surgical care...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Karen Dunn Lopez, Sheila M Gephart, Rebecca Raszewski, Vanessa Sousa, Lauren E Shehorn, Joanna Abraham
OBJECTIVE: To report on the state of the science of clinical decision support (CDS) for hospital bedside nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an integrative review of qualitative and quantitative peer-reviewed original research studies using a structured search of PubMed, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Applied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus, Web of Science, and IEEE Xplore (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Xplore Digital Library)...
June 21, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Kumbargere N Sumanth, Eachempati Prashanti, Himanshi Aggarwal, Pradeep Kumar, Ashok Lingappa, Murugan S Muthu, Salian Kiran Kumar Krishanappa
BACKGROUND: Post-extraction bleeding (PEB) is a recognised, frequently encountered complication in dental practice, which is defined as bleeding that continues beyond 8 to 12 hours after dental extraction. The incidence of post-extraction bleeding varies from 0% to 26%. If post-extraction bleeding is not managed, complications can range from soft tissue haematomas to severe blood loss. Local causes of bleeding include soft tissue and bone bleeding. Systemic causes include platelet problems, coagulation disorders or excessive fibrinolysis, and inherited or acquired problems (medication induced)...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
R S Evans
OBJECTIVES: Describe the state of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) in 1992 and their evolution by 2015 and where EHRs are expected to be in 25 years. Further to discuss the expectations for EHRs in 1992 and explore which of them were realized and what events accelerated or disrupted/derailed how EHRs evolved. METHODS: Literature search based on "Electronic Health Record", "Medical Record", and "Medical Chart" using Medline, Google, Wikipedia Medical, and Cochrane Libraries resulted in an initial review of 2,356 abstracts and other information in papers and books...
2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
Ji Young Lee, Seung Ah Jun, Sung Shin Hong, Yo Chan Ahn, Dong Soo Lee, Chang Gue Son
Herbal drugs have become a popular form of healthcare, raising concerns about their safety. This study aimed to characterize the adverse effects of herbal drugs through a systematic review of results reported in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Using eight electronic databases including PubMed, the Cochrane library and six Korean medical databases, the frequency of reported toxicity was recorded based on drug composition and indication. Among 4957 potentially relevant articles, 242 papers comprised of 244 studies met our inclusion criteria; these included 111 studies of a single herb and 133 of multiple herbs...
September 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Philippe Lachance, Pierre-Marc Villeneuve, Francis P Wilson, Nicholas M Selby, Robin Featherstone, Oleksa Rewa, Sean M Bagshaw
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in hospitalised patients. It imposes significant risk for major morbidity and mortality. Moreover, patients suffering an episode of AKI consume considerable health resources. Recently, a number of studies have evaluated the implementation of automated electronic alerts (e-alerts) configured from electronic medical records (EMR) and clinical information systems (CIS) to warn healthcare providers of early or impending AKI in hospitalised patients...
2016: BMJ Open
Yoni Halpern, Steven Horng, Youngduck Choi, David Sontag
BACKGROUND: Electronic medical records (EMRs) hold a tremendous amount of information about patients that is relevant to determining the optimal approach to patient care. As medicine becomes increasingly precise, a patient's electronic medical record phenotype will play an important role in triggering clinical decision support systems that can deliver personalized recommendations in real time. Learning with anchors presents a method of efficiently learning statistically driven phenotypes with minimal manual intervention...
July 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of adoption of electronic medical records (EMRs) by physicians across Canada, provincial incentives, and perceived benefits of and barriers to EMR adoption. DATA SOURCES: Data on EMR adoption in Canada were collected from CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, the Health Council of Canada, Canada Health Infoway, government websites, regional EMR associations, and health professional association websites. STUDY SELECTION: After removal of duplicate articles, 236 documents were found matching the original search...
December 2015: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Wenxin Ning, Ming Yu, Runtong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The accumulation of medical documents in China has rapidly increased in the past years. We focus on developing a method that automatically performs ICD-10 code assignment to Chinese diagnoses from the electronic medical records to support the medical coding process in Chinese hospitals. METHODS: We propose two encoding methods: one that directly determines the desired code (flat method), and one that hierarchically determines the most suitable code until the desired code is obtained (hierarchical method)...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Pavel Evdokimov, Alexey Kudryavtsev, Ekaterina Ilgisonis, Elena Ponomarenko, Andrey Lisitsa
BACKGROUND: Keeping up with journal articles on a daily basis is an important activity of scientists engaged in biomedical research. Usually, journal articles and papers in the field of biomedicine are accessed through the Medline/PubMed electronic library. In the process of navigating PubMed, researchers unknowingly generate user-specific reading profiles that can be shared within a social networking environment. This paper examines the structure of the social networking environment generated by PubMed users...
2016: BMC Research Notes
David Humes, Robin C Spiller
INTRODUCTION: Diverticula (mucosal outpouchings through the wall of the colon) are rare before the age of 40 years, after which prevalence increases steadily and reaches over 25% by 60 years. However, only 10% to 25% of affected people will develop symptoms such as lower abdominal pain. Recurrent symptoms are common, and 5% of people with diverticula eventually develop complications such as perforation, obstruction, haemorrhage, fistulae, or abscesses. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of medical treatments for acute diverticulitis? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to August 2014 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
2016: Clinical Evidence
Fiona Stevenson, Sarah Hamilton, Vanessa Pinfold, Charlotte Walker, Ceri R J Dare, Harminder Kaur, Ruth Lambley, Paulina Szymczynska, Vicky Nicolls, Irene Petersen
OBJECTIVE: To understand the perspectives of women with severe mental illness concerning the use of psychotropic medicines while pregnant. DESIGN: Interviews conducted by female peer researchers with personal experience of making or considering decisions about using psychotropic medicines in pregnancy, supported by professional researchers. PARTICIPANTS: 12 women who had had a baby in the past 5 years and had taken antipsychotics or mood-stabilisers for severe mental illness within the 12-month period immediately prior to that pregnancy...
2016: BMJ Open
Trudy Hong, Georg Bézard, Beth K Lozanoff, Steven Labrash, Scott Lozanoff
Knowledge of anatomical variations is critical to avoid clinical complications and it enables an understanding of morphogenetic mechanisms. Depictions are comprised of photographs or illustrations often limiting appreciation of three-dimensional (3D) spatial relationships. The purpose of this study is to describe an approach for presenting anatomical variations utilizing video clips emphasizing 3D anatomical relationships delivered on personal electronic devices. An aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) was an incidental finding in a routine dissection of an 89-year-old man cadaver during a medical student instructional laboratory...
September 2015: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Maria Alcocer Alkureishi, Wei Wei Lee, Maureen Lyons, Valerie G Press, Sara Imam, Akua Nkansah-Amankra, Deb Werner, Vineet M Arora
BACKGROUND: While Electronic Medical Record (EMR) use has increased dramatically, the EMR's impact on the patient-doctor relationship remains unclear. This systematic literature review sought to understand the impact of EMR use on patient-doctor relationships and communication. METHODS: Parallel searches in Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, reference review of prior systematic reviews, meeting abstract reviews, and expert reviews from August 2013 to March 2015 were conducted...
May 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
M S Neofytou, K Neokleous, A Aristodemou, I Constantinou, Z Antoniou, E C Schiza, C S Pattichis, C N Schizas
There is a huge need for open source software solutions in the healthcare domain, given the flexibility, interoperability and resource savings characteristics they offer. In this context, this paper presents the development of three open source libraries - Specific Enablers (SEs) for eHealth applications that were developed under the European project titled "Future Internet Social and Technological Alignment Research" (FI-STAR) funded under the "Future Internet Public Private Partnership" (FI-PPP) program. The three SEs developed under the Electronic Health Record Application Support Service Enablers (EHR-EN) correspond to: a) an Electronic Health Record enabler (EHR SE), b) a patient summary enabler based on the EU project "European patient Summary Open Source services" (epSOS SE) supporting patient mobility and the offering of interoperable services, and c) a Picture Archiving and Communications System (PACS) enabler (PACS SE) based on the dcm4che open source system for the support of medical imaging functionality...
August 2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Stephanie West, Cathy Williams
INTRODUCTION: Amblyopia is reduced visual acuity not immediately correctable by glasses, in the absence of ocular pathology. It is commonly associated with squint (strabismus) or refractive errors resulting in different visual inputs to each eye during the sensitive period of visual development (aged <7-8 years). The cumulative incidence is estimated at 2% to 4% in children aged up to 7 years. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of medical treatments for amblyopia in children aged 7 years or less? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to January 2014 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
2016: Clinical Evidence
Lucy Mackillop
INTRODUCTION: Pre-eclampsia (raised blood pressure and proteinuria) complicates 2% to 8% of pregnancies, and increases morbidity and mortality in the mother and child. Pre-eclampsia is more common in older women, women with a high body mass index, and women with multiple pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia risk is also increased in women with underlying medical conditions, particularly conditions associated with microvascular disease. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical questions: Does oral calcium supplementation during pregnancy reduce the risk and/or severity of pre-eclampsia? What are the effects of preventive calcium supplements pre-conception in women at risk of pre-eclampsia? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to November 2014 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review)...
2015: Clinical Evidence
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