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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872683/phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-potential-of-cassia-absus-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Saeed Ahmad, Ayesha Hassan, Waheed Mumtaz Abbasi, Tayyeba Rehman
OBJECTIVES: Cassia absus is a plant of the family fabaceae with Ayurvedic ethnomedical records. It is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of bronchitis, asthma, cough, conjunctivitis, leucoderma, renal and hepatic diseases, constipation, tumors, venereal ulcer, headache, hemorrhoids and wound healing. Preliminary in vitro and in vivo studies have provided valuable scientific evidence for its use. This review aims to summarize reported pharmacognosy, traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological potential of C...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852666/designing-a-model-of-patient-tracking-system-for-natural-disaster-in-iran
#2
Nahid Tavakoli, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Reza Safdari, Mahmoud Keyvanara
CONTEXT: Disaster patient tracking consists of identifying and registering patients, recording data on their medical conditions, settings priorities for evacuation of scene, locating the patients from scene to health care centers and then till completion of treatment and discharge. AIM: The aim of this study was to design a model of patient tracking system for natural disaster in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This applied study was conducted in two steps in 2016...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851681/is-there-evidence-of-cost-benefits-of-electronic-medical-records-standards-or-interoperability-in-hospital-information-systems-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#3
Zilma Silveira Nogueira Reis, Thais Abreu Maia, Milena Soriano Marcolino, Francisco Becerra-Posada, David Novillo-Ortiz, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) interventions may improve the quality of care by providing timely, accessible information about one patient or an entire population. Electronic patient care information forms the nucleus of computerized health information systems. However, interoperability among systems depends on the adoption of information standards. Additionally, investing in technology systems requires cost-effectiveness studies to ensure the sustainability of processes for stakeholders...
August 29, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838801/optimization-of-infobutton-design-and-implementation-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Miguel Teixeira, David A Cook, Bret S E Heale, Guilherme Del Fiol
OBJECTIVE: Infobuttons are clinical decision tools embedded in the electronic health record that attempt to link clinical data with context sensitive knowledge resources. We systematically reviewed technical approaches that contribute to improved infobutton design, implementation and functionality. METHODS: We searched databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library database from inception to March 1, 2016 for studies describing the use of infobuttons...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770324/impact-of-metformin-on-cardiovascular-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-trials-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
REVIEW
Simon J Griffin, James K Leaver, Greg J Irving
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Metformin is the most-prescribed oral medication to lower blood glucose worldwide. Yet previous systematic reviews have raised doubts about its effectiveness in reducing risk of cardiovascular disease, the most costly complication of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to systematically identify and pool randomised trials reporting cardiovascular outcomes in which the effect of metformin was 'isolated' through comparison to diet, lifestyle or placebo. METHODS: We performed an electronic literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library...
August 2, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723917/evidence-base-and-practice-variation-in-acute-care-processes-for-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-surgeries
#6
Marcel Mayer, Justine Naylor, Ian Harris, Helen Badge, Sam Adie, Kathryn Mills, Joseph Descallar
BACKGROUND: Lack of evidence contributes to unnecessary variation in treatment costs and outcomes. This study aimed to identify from interventions historically used for total knee or hip arthroplasty (TKA, THA): i) if routine use is supported by high-level evidence; ii) whether surgeon use aligns with the evidence. METHODS: Part 1: Systematic search of electronic library databases for systematic reviews and practice guidelines concerning seven acute-care interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672735/safety-concerns-associated-with-second-generation-antipsychotic-long-acting-injection-treatment-a-systematic-update
#7
Salvatore Gentile
Background It has been recently suggested that second-generation antipsychotic long-acting injection (SGA-LAIs) are underutilized in clinical practice, despite that their costs significantly impact on national health system budgets. Hence, an updated analysis of safety data shown by SGA-LAIs may contribute to clarify their role in clinical practice. Materials and methods English-language, peer-reviewed articles reporting updated, primary findings on the SGA-LAI safety were identified (updated through an electronic search of five databases - PubMed, EMBASE, PsycInfo, DARE and the Cochrane Library)...
June 23, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288091/utilizing-electronic-health-record-information-to-optimize-medication-infusion-devices-a-manual-data-integration-approach
#8
Amanda Chuk, Robert Maloney, Joyce Gawron, Colin Skinner
Health information technology is increasingly utilized within healthcare delivery systems today. Two examples of this type of technology include the capture of patient-specific information within an electronic health record and intravenous medication infusion devices equipped with dose error reduction software known as drug libraries. Automatic integration of these systems, termed intravenous (IV) interoperability, should serve as the goal toward which all healthcare systems work to maximize patient safety...
November 2016: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063462/going-digital-a-narrative-overview-of-the-clinical-and-organisational-impacts-of-ehealth-technologies-in-hospital-practice
#9
Justin Keasberry, Ian A Scott, Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib, Richard Ashby
Objective The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of hospital-based eHealth technologies on quality, safety and efficiency of care and clinical outcomes.Methods Systematic reviews and reviews of systematic reviews of eHealth technologies published in PubMed/Medline/Cochrane Library between January 2010 and October 2015 were evaluated. Reviews of implementation issues, non-hospital settings or remote care or patient-focused technologies were excluded from analysis. Methodological quality was assessed using a validated appraisal tool...
January 9, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883876/comprehensive-genomic-profiling-of-central-giant-cell-lesions-identifies-clinically-relevant-genomic-alterations
#10
Brett Bezak, Heidi Lehrke, Julia Elvin, Laurie Gay, David Schembri-Wismayer, Christopher Viozzi
PURPOSE: Comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) can simultaneously detect clinically relevant genomic alterations (CRGAs) in hundreds of cancer-related genes and direct treatment toward patient-specific therapy options for many tumors. This pilot study aimed to use CGP to describe CRGAs present in central giant cell lesions (CGCLs) to characterize any possible underlying genomic drivers of CGCLs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With institutional review board approval, electronic medical records were searched for patients with histologically confirmed CGCLs who underwent biopsy at Mayo Clinic from 2000 through 2014...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865796/bletilla-striata-medicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-activities
#11
REVIEW
Xirui He, Xiaoxiao Wang, Jiacheng Fang, Zefeng Zhao, Linhong Huang, Hao Guo, Xiaohui Zheng
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Reichb. f. (Orchidaceae), also known as Hyacinth Orchid and Baiji (Simplified Chinese: ), not only has been widely used for the treatment of hematemesis, hemoptysis, and traumatic bleeding due to the efficacy of arresting bleeding with astringent action, but also has been applied topically to overcome ulcers, sores, swellings, and chapped skin due to the efficacy of dispersing swelling and promoting tissue regeneration. Additional medical applications include the treatment of tuberculosis, malignant ulcers, hemorrhoids, anthrax, eye diseases, and silicosis...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846927/enhanced-invitation-methods-and-uptake-of-health-checks-in-primary-care-randomised-controlled-trial-and-cohort-study-using-electronic-health-records
#12
Lisa McDermott, Alison J Wright, Victoria Cornelius, Caroline Burgess, Alice S Forster, Mark Ashworth, Bernadette Khoshaba, Philippa Clery, Frances Fuller, Jane Miller, Hiten Dodhia, Caroline Rudisill, Mark T Conner, Martin C Gulliford
BACKGROUND: A national programme of health checks to identify risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is being rolled out but is encountering difficulties because of low uptake. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an enhanced invitation method using the question-behaviour effect (QBE), with or without the offer of a financial incentive to return the QBE questionnaire, at increasing the uptake of health checks. The research went on to evaluate the reasons for the low uptake of invitations and compare the case mix for invited and opportunistic health checks...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830236/recent-worldwide-developments-in-ehealth-and-mhealth-to-more-effectively-manage-cancer-and-other-chronic-diseases-a-systematic-review
#13
J Lewis, P Ray, S-T Liaw
OBJECTIVES: This paper is a systematic literature review intended to gain an understanding of the most original, excellent, stateof- the-art research in the application of eHealth (including mHealth) in the management of chronic diseases with a focus on cancer over the past two years. METHOD: This review looks at peer-reviewed papers published between 2013 and 2015 and examines the background and trends in this area. It systematically searched peer-reviewed journals in databases PubMed, Proquest, Cochrane Library, Elsevier, Sage and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE Digital Library) using a set of pre-defined keywords...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808064/use-of-speech-to-text-technology-for-documentation-by-healthcare-providers
#14
REVIEW
Sima Ajami
Medical records are a critical component of a patient's treatment. However, documentation of patient-related information is considered a secondary activity in the provision of healthcare services, often leading to incomplete medical records and patient data of low quality. Advances in information technology (IT) in the health system and registration of information in electronic health records (EHR) using speechto- text conversion software have facilitated service delivery. This narrative review is a literature search with the help of libraries, books, conference proceedings, databases of Science Direct, PubMed, Proquest, Springer, SID (Scientific Information Database), and search engines such as Yahoo, and Google...
May 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782832/factors-that-influence-the-implementation-of-e-health-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews-an-update
#15
REVIEW
Jamie Ross, Fiona Stevenson, Rosa Lau, Elizabeth Murray
BACKGROUND: There is a significant potential for e-health to deliver cost-effective, quality health care, and spending on e-health systems by governments and healthcare systems is increasing worldwide. However, there remains a tension between the use of e-health in this way and implementation. Furthermore, the large body of reviews in the e-health implementation field, often based on one particular technology, setting or health condition make it difficult to access a comprehensive and comprehensible summary of available evidence to help plan and undertake implementation...
October 26, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772555/identifying-psychosocial-predictors-of-medication-non-adherence-following-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Jacob Crawshaw, Vivian Auyeung, Sam Norton, John Weinman
OBJECTIVE: Medication non-adherence following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is associated with poor clinical outcomes. A systematic review and meta-analysis were undertaken to identify psychosocial factors associated with medication adherence in patients with ACS. METHODS: A search of electronic databases (Cochrane Library, Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, CINAHL, ASSIA, OpenGrey, EthOS and WorldCat) was undertaken to identify relevant articles published in English between 2000 and 2014...
November 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708494/teleconsultation-and-clinical-decision-making-a-systematic-review
#17
Kolsoum Deldar, Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy, Seyed Mahmood Tara
BACKGROUND: The goal of teleconsultation is to omit geographical and functional distance between two or more geographically separated health care providers. The purpose of present study is to review and analyze physician-physician teleconsultations. METHOD: The PubMed electronic database was searched. The primary search was done on January 2015 and was updated on December 2015. A fetch and tag plan was designed by the researchers using an online Zotero library. RESULTS: 174 full-text articles of 1702 records met inclusion criteria...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575332/clinical-mutation-assay-of-tumors-new-developments
#18
Petr Starostik
Mutation detection in tumors started with classical cytogenetics as the method of choice more than 50 years ago. Karyotyping proved to be sensitive enough to detect deletions or duplications of large chromosome segments, and translocations. Over time, new techniques were developed to detect mutations that are much smaller in scope. The availability of Sanger sequencing and the invention of the PCR improved the discriminatory power of mutation detection to just one base change in the genomic DNA sequence. Techniques derived from PCR (allele-specific PCR, qPCR) and improved or modified sequencing methods (capillary electrophoresis, pyrosequencing) considerably increased the efficiency and sample throughput of mutation detection assays...
January 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471845/interventions-for-treating-oral-leukoplakia-to-prevent-oral-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Giovanni Lodi, Roberto Franchini, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Elena Maria Varoni, Andrea Sardella, Alexander R Kerr, Antonio Carrassi, L C I MacDonald, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Oral leukoplakia is a relatively common oral lesion that, in a small proportion of people, precedes the development of oral cancer. Most leukoplakias are asymptomatic; therefore, the primary objective of treatment should be to prevent onset of cancer. This review updates our previous review, published in 2006. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, safety and acceptability of treatments for leukoplakia in preventing oral cancer. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 16 May 2016), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 4), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 16 May 2016), Embase Ovid (1980 to 16 May 2016) and CancerLit via PubMed (1950 to 16 May 2016)...
July 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338543/review-of-information-technology-for-surgical-patient-care
#20
REVIEW
Jamie R Robinson, Hannah Huth, Gretchen P Jackson
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs), computerized provider order entry (CPOE), and patient portals have experienced increased adoption by health care systems. The objective of this study was to review evidence regarding the impact of such health information technologies (HIT) on surgical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library was performed to identify data-driven, nonsurvey studies about the effects of HIT on surgical care...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
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