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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771976/skin-disease-prevalence-study-in-schoolchildren-in-rural-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-implications-for-integration-of-neglected-skin-diseases-skin-ntds
#1
Rie Roselyne Yotsu, Kouamé Kouadio, Bamba Vagamon, Konan N'guessan, Amari Jules Akpa, Aubin Yao, Julien Aké, Rigobert Abbet Abbet, Barbine Tchamba Agbor Agbor, Roger Bedimo, Norihisa Ishii, L Claire Fuller, Roderick Hay, Oriol Mitjà, Henning Drechsler, Kingsley Asiedu
BACKGROUND: Early detection of several skin-related neglected tropical diseases (skin NTDs)-including leprosy, Buruli ulcer, yaws, and scabies- may be achieved through school surveys, but such an approach has seldom been tested systematically on a large scale in endemic countries. Additionally, a better understanding of the spectrum of skin diseases and the at-risk populations to be encountered during such surveys is necessary to facilitate the process. METHODS: We performed a school skin survey for selected NTDs and the spectrum of skin diseases, among primary schoolchildren aged 5 to 15 in Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa...
May 17, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771816/imitating-incidents-how-simulation-can-improve-safety-investigation-and-learning-from-adverse-events
#2
Carl Macrae
One of the most fundamental principles of patient safety is to investigate and learn from the past in order to improve the future. However, healthcare organizations can find it challenging to develop the robust organizational processes and work practices that are needed to rigorously investigate and learn from safety incidents. Key challenges include difficulties developing specialist knowledge and expertise, understanding complex incidents, coordinating collaborative action, and positively changing practice...
May 15, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771811/use-of-emergency-manuals-during-actual-critical-events-in-china-a-multi-institutional-study
#3
Jeffrey Huang, Jiayan Wu, Christina Dai, Xianwei Zhang, Hui Ju, Yiqi Chen, Chunyuan Zhang, Fan Ye, Yi Tan, Yongbo Zong, Telong Liu
INTRODUCTION: Emergency manuals (EMs) can help healthcare providers respond to crises more efficiently. Three anesthesia EMs have been translated into Chinese. These EMs have been made publicly available as a free document downloadable in China. A year after these Chinese versions of EMs were published, we conducted a multi-institutional survey in China to assess the progress of how well EM had been adapted and used in the setting of critical events. METHODS: Our study used a multi-institutional, anonymous electronic survey...
May 16, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771570/how-primary-health-care-staff-working-in-rural-and-remote-areas-access-skill-development-and-expertise-to-support-health-promotion-practice
#4
Kathryn A McFarlane, Jenni Judd, Hylda Wapau, Nina Nichols, Kerrianne Watt, Sue Devine
INTRODUCTION: Health promotion is a key component of comprehensive primary health care. Health promotion approaches complement healthcare management by enabling individuals to increase control over their health. Many primary healthcare staff have a role to play in health promotion practice, but their ability to integrate health promotion into practice is influenced by their previous training and experience. For primary healthcare staff working in rural and remote locations, access to professional development can be limited by what is locally available and prohibitive in terms of cost for travel and accommodation...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771228/clinical-leadership-training-an-evaluation-of-the-welsh-fellowship-programme
#5
Suzanne Phillips, Alison Bullock
Purpose UK fellowship schemes have been set up to address low-level engagement of doctors with leadership roles. Established in 2013, the Welsh Clinical Leadership Fellowship (WCLF) programme aims to recruit aspiring future clinical leaders and equip them with knowledge and skills to lead improvements in healthcare delivery. This paper aims to evaluate the 12-month WCLF programme in its first two years of operation. Design/methodology/approach Focused on the participants ( n = 8), the authors explored expectations of the programme, reactions to academic components (provided by Academi Wales) and learning from workplace projects and other opportunities...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771227/team-development-among-physician-leaders-at-the-cleveland-clinic
#6
Tracy H Porter, James K Stoller, Scott J Allen
Purpose Since 1990, the Cleveland Clinic has trained physicians in team skills through various iterations of a program called Leading in Healthcare (LHC). In the present study, the authors utilize a case study approach to gain insight into the LHC curriculum, and more specifically, the team project. The purpose of this paper is to better understand the Cleveland Clinic's position on the issue and its approach to education - specifically among physicians. Design/methodology/approach The authors utilized a case study approach with four key program architects...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771224/discipline-specific-competency-based-curricula-for-leadership-learning-in-medical-specialty-training
#7
Sandra Turner, Ming-Ka Chan, Judy McKimm, Graham Dickson, Timothy Shaw
Purpose Doctors play a central role in leading improvements to healthcare systems. Leadership knowledge and skills are not inherent, however, and need to be learned. General frameworks for medical leadership guide curriculum development in this area. Explicit discipline-linked competency sets and programmes provide context for learning and likely enhance specialty trainees' capability for leadership at all levels. The aim of this review was to summarise the scholarly literature available around medical specialty-specific competency-based curricula for leadership in the post-graduate training space...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771208/healthcare-managers-perceptions-of-managing-poor-performance
#8
Melanie Hill, Heather Gluyas, Martinique Sandy, Andrew Wingate
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand the perceptions and experiences of healthcare managers working within a community and ambulatory health service who manage poorly performing staff and, to identify the supports, and gaps in supports, that are available to these managers. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected via two focus groups using a semi-structured schedule. The data were transcribed, themed and conclusions summarised. Findings On analysis of the discussion of the line managers' experiences and perceptions of competence, six themes were identified, five themes common to both groups...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771202/analysing-healthcare-coordination-using-translational-mobilization
#9
Davina Allen
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to introduce translational mobilization theory (TMT) and explore its application for healthcare quality improvement purposes. Design/methodology/approach TMT is a generic sociological theory that explains how projects of collective action are progressed in complex organizational contexts. This paper introduces TMT, outlines its ontological assumptions and core components, and explores its potential value for quality improvement using rescue trajectories as an illustrative case...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770247/using-statistical-and-machine-learning-methods-to-evaluate-the-prognostic-accuracy-of-sirs-and-qsofa
#10
Akash Gupta, Tieming Liu, Scott Shepherd, William Paiva
Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare the performance of two popularly used early sepsis diagnostic criteria, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and quick Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA), using statistical and machine learning approaches. Methods: This retrospective study examined patient visits in Emergency Department (ED) with sepsis related diagnosis. The outcome was 28-day in-hospital mortality. Using odds ratio (OR) and modeling methods (decision tree [DT], multivariate logistic regression [LR], and naïve Bayes [NB]), the relationships between diagnostic criteria and mortality were examined...
April 2018: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768951/-theory-becoming-alive-the-learning-transition-process-of-newly-graduated-nurses-in-canada
#11
Violet Nour, Anne M Williams
Background Newly graduated nurses often encounter a gap between theory and practice in clinical settings. Although this has been the focus of considerable research, little is known about the learning transition process. Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of newly graduated nurses in acute healthcare settings within Canada. This study was conducted to gain a greater understanding of the experiences and challenges faced by graduates. Methods Grounded theory method was utilized with a sample of 14 registered nurses who were employed in acute-care settings...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768244/harmonization-activities-of-noklus-a-quality-improvement-organization-for-point-of-care-laboratory-examinations
#12
Anne Stavelin, Sverre Sandberg
Noklus is a non-profit quality improvement organization that focuses to improve all elements in the total testing process. The aim is to ensure that all medical laboratory examinations are ordered, performed and interpreted correctly and in accordance with the patients' needs for investigation, treatment and follow-up. For 25 years, Noklus has focused on point-of-care (POC) testing in primary healthcare laboratories and has more than 3100 voluntary participants. The Noklus quality system uses different tools to obtain harmonization and improvement: (1) external quality assessment for the pre-examination, examination and postexamination phase to monitor the harmonization process and to identify areas that need improvement and harmonization, (2) manufacturer-independent evaluations of the analytical quality and user-friendliness of POC instruments and (3) close interactions and follow-up of the participants through site visits, courses, training and guidance...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764109/knowledge-translation-in-healthcare-towards-understanding-its-true-complexities-comment-on-using-complexity-and-network-concepts-to-inform-healthcare-knowledge-translation
#13
Joachim P Sturmberg
This commentary argues that to fully appreciate the complexities of knowledge transfer one firstly has to distinguish between the notions of "data, information, knowledge and wisdom," and that the latter two are highly context sensitive. In particular one has to understand knowledge as being personal rather than objective, and hence there is no form of knowledge that a-priori is more authoritative than another. Secondly, knowledge transfer in organisations can only be successful if the organisation is organised and managed as a "complex adaptive organisation" - its key characteristics arising from it's a-priori defined common "purpose, goals and values...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762891/assistants-in-nursing-working-with-mental-health-consumers-in-the-emergency-department
#14
Adam Gerace, Eimear Muir-Cochrane, Deb O'Kane, Leah Couzner, Christine Palmer, Karleen Thornton
Nursing students, regardless of setting, require skills in working with people with mental health issues. One way to provide students with learning opportunities within the context of limited undergraduate mental health content and lack of mental health placements is through employment as assistants in nursing (AIN). The purpose of the study was to investigate the use of AINs employed in an emergency department in South Australia to supervise (continuous observation) mental health consumers on inpatient treatment orders...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762507/m-health-lessons-learned-by-m-experiences
#15
José Bravo, Ramón Hervás, Jesús Fontecha, Iván González
m-Health is an emerging area that is transforming how people take part in the control of their wellness condition. This vision is changing traditional health processes by discharging hospitals from the care of people. Important advantages of continuous monitoring can be reached but, in order to transform this vision into a reality, some factors need to be addressed. m-Health applications should be shared by patients and hospital staff to perform proper supervised health monitoring. Furthermore, the uses of smartphones for health purposes should be transformed to achieve the objectives of this vision...
May 15, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761708/the-potential-of-interprofessional-education-to-translate-physiology-curricula-effectively-into-future-team-based-healthcare
#16
Scott Edwards, Patricia E Molina, Kathleen H McDonough, Donald E Mercante, Tina Patel Gunaldo
Incorporating active interprofessional education (IPE) opportunities into the classroom setting is a potentially effective mechanism to enhance student learning both in the basic sciences and for future interprofessional collaboration. We integrated an IPE exercise into a graduate-level human physiology course at our health sciences center that enrolled physician assistant (PA), physical therapy (PT), and graduate studies students. Our activity adopted and targeted the four Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) competency domains of values/ethics (VE), roles/responsibilities, interprofessional communication, and teams and teamwork (TT)...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759077/regulating-pharmaceutical-companies-financial-largesse
#17
REVIEW
Ronen Avraham, Charles Silver
Nissanholtz-Gannot and Yenkellevich (NGY) explore the impact of a 2010 amendment to the Israeli National Health Insurance Law that requires annual reporting of payments from pharmaceutical companies (PCs) to doctors and healthcare organizations. The amendment was adopted to ensure transparency and to facilitate appropriate regulation of interest conflicts. To learn whether the amendment was having the desired effects, NGY interviewed multiple representatives of an assortment of stakeholders. They found broad agreement among the respondents that financial relationships between PCs and physicians should be transparent...
May 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759076/threats-of-zika-virus-transmission-for-asia-and-its-hindu-kush-himalayan-region
#18
Meghnath Dhimal, Sushma Dahal, Mandira Lamichhane Dhimal, Shiva Raj Mishra, Khem B Karki, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Ubydul Haque, Md Iqbal Kabir, Pradeep Guin, Azeem Mehmood Butt, Harapan Harapan, Qi-Yong Liu, Cordia Chu, Doreen Montag, David Alexander Groneberg, Basu Dev Pandey, Ulrich Kuch, Ruth Müller
Asia and its Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region is particularly vulnerable to environmental change, especially climate and land use changes further influenced by rapid population growth, high level of poverty and unsustainable development. Asia has been a hotspot of dengue fever and chikungunya mainly due to its dense human population, unplanned urbanization and poverty. In an urban cycle, dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV) are transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes which are also competent vectors of Zika virus (ZIKV)...
May 15, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757048/interprofessional-education-involving-didactic-teamstepps%C3%A2-and-interactive-healthcare-simulation-a-systematic-review
#19
Lauren A Welsch, Johanna Hoch, Rebecca Deal Poston, V Andrea Parodi, Muge Akpinar-Elci
The didactic portion of TeamSTEPPS®, which focuses on teaching teamwork and communication, coupled with interactive simulation methods provides a unique interprofessional education (IPE) learning environment. Across the literature there are a wide variety of such programs described, but there is not a consensus on the most effective methodology. A systematic review was therefore undertaken to synthesize, critically appraise, and evaluate existing literature on IPE programs that utilize didactic TeamSTEPPS in conjunction with interactive healthcare simulation...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754105/motivational-factors-influencing-nurses-to-undertake-postgraduate-hospital-based-education
#20
Danny Kinsella, Margaret Fry, Alison Zecchin
Specialist postgraduate education improves patient health outcomes, and assists in meeting the emerging specialisation of nursing practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the motivational factors that influence nurses' engagement with hospital-based postgraduate education. The research design was descriptive and exploratory, using a survey method. The survey consisted of demographic details, the Participation Reasons Scale (PRS) and open-ended questions. Thirty-four participants (100%) completed the survey...
May 1, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
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