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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684838/-doing-it-for-real-now-the-transition-from-healthcare-assistant-to-newly-qualified-nurse-a-qualitative-study
#1
Jan Draper
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing international research and policy interest concerning the transition from student to newly qualified nurse (NQN). However, the influence of previous employment as a healthcare assistant (HCA) on students' experiences of this transition is comparatively under-researched. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of NQNs also employed as HCAs during their pre-registration education programme and how this prior and ongoing HCA experience influenced their transition experiences...
April 16, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683794/the-mount-sinai-international-enhancement-of-social-work-leadership-program-the-past-and-the-future
#2
Elisa Gordon, Karen Green, Louisa Whitwam, Irwin Epstein, Susan Bernstein
Developed in 1988, the Mount Sinai International Enhancement of Social Work Leadership Program brings 4-6 social workers from several countries each year to the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, where they meet with leaders from the hospital, community based organizations and graduate schools of social work, to enhance their leadership ability, strengthen management and research skills, and build upon global social work relationships. This article reviews the results of a survey conducted in 2016 to assess whether the visiting scholars met established learning objectives of the Program...
July 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682475/malperfusion-syndromes-in-type-a-aortic-dissection-what-we-have-learned-from-irad
#3
REVIEW
Paolo Berretta, Santi Trimarchi, Himanshu J Patel, Thomas G Gleason, Kim A Eagle, Marco Di Eusanio
Patients presenting with type A acute aortic dissection (TAAD) complicated by malperfusion syndromes represent one of the highest surgical risk cohorts for cardiovascular surgeons. In the setting of aortic dissection, end-organ ischemia may involve any of the major arterial side branches resulting in myocardial, cerebral, spinal cord, visceral and/or limb ischemia. In TAAD patients with malperfusion, notwithstanding continuous improvement in diagnostic and management strategies, surgical and clinical outcomes remain poor and the optimal therapy is controversial...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680114/colorado-healthy-eating-and-active-living-cities-and-towns-campaign
#4
Cheryl Kelly, Julie George, Eliza R Lanman
The goal of the Healthy Eating/Active Living (HEAL) Cities and Towns Campaign is to provide municipal leaders with the information, tools, and personalized assistance they need to promote and adopt policies that advance population health. Colorado is composed of 271 cities and towns and has one of the fastest-growing obesity rates in the nation. Colorado's Campaign began in 2012 with a partnership between LiveWell Colorado and the Colorado Municipal League. As a grantee of a regional public health organization, the Campaign Coordinator provides technical assistance to municipal leaders and recognizes cities and towns that adopt varied HEAL policies with four designations: Eager, Active, Fit, and Elite...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680093/emerging-good-practices-for-transforming-value-assessment-patients-voices-patients-values
#5
Eleanor M Perfetto, Jason Harris, C Daniel Mullins, Susan dosReis
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement is a transformative strategy for improving value assessment. US value framework developers have increased engagement activities, but more needs to be learned about how to best achieve meaningful patient engagement in value assessment. The objective was to glean good practices in patient engagement emerging from patient community experiences, to be used in value assessment. METHODS: The National Health Council Value Workgroup conducted a survey and held a focus group with its member advocacy organizations to gather experiences with value framework developers and views on emerging good practices...
April 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679614/the-regulation-of-birdsong-by-testosterone-multiple-time-scales-and-multiple-sites-of-action
#6
REVIEW
Beau A Alward, Charlotte A Cornil, Jacques Balthazart, Gregory F Ball
Sex steroid hormones act during early development to shape the circuitry upon which these same hormones act in adulthood to control behavioral responses to various stimuli. The "organizational" vs. "activational" distinction was proposed to explain this temporal difference in hormone action. In both of these cases steroids were thought to act genomically over a time-scale of days to weeks. However, sex steroids can affect behavior over short (e.g., seconds or minutes) time-scales. Here, we discuss how testosterone controls birdsong via actions at different sites and over different time-scales, with an emphasis on this process in canaries (Serinus canaria)...
April 18, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677949/staff-training-on-the-use-of-health-information-systems-what-do-we-know
#7
Ann Bygholm
Staff training is acknowledged as an important activity when implementing health information systems (HISs). This paper reviews the literature on staff training in connection with HIS implementation. The aim is to identify critical issues to reflect on when planning or evaluating this type of training. Searches were conducted in three research databases, resulting in 423 hits. Sixty-four papers were retrieved for more detailed examination, and 12 papers were selected for analysis. The analysis focused on the content, organization and pedagogical approach...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677947/health-professionals-expanding-ehealth-competences-for-supporting-patients-self-management
#8
Sari Kujala, Elina Rajalahti, Tarja Heponiemi, Pirjo Hilama
An increasing number of new eHealth services that support patients' self-management has changed health professionals' work and has created a need for a new eHealth competence. In this study, we evaluated the health professionals' eHealth competences and training needs in a public health organization in Finland. The target organization's goal was to increase the number of eHealth services provided to patients, and health professionals and their competences were seen as critical for the adoption of services. Data was collected through an online survey of 701 health professionals working in the target organization...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677122/applications-of-the-fiv-model-to-study-hiv-pathogenesis
#9
REVIEW
Craig Miller, Zaid Abdo, Aaron Ericsson, John Elder, Sue VandeWoude
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a naturally-occurring retrovirus that infects domestic and non-domestic feline species, producing progressive immune depletion that results in an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Much has been learned about FIV since it was first described in 1987, particularly in regard to its application as a model to study the closely related lentivirus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In particular, FIV and HIV share remarkable structure and sequence organization, utilize parallel modes of receptor-mediated entry, and result in a similar spectrum of immunodeficiency-related diseases due to analogous modes of immune dysfunction...
April 20, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675175/machine-learning-for-the-structure-energy-property-landscapes-of-molecular-crystals
#10
Félix Musil, Sandip De, Jack Yang, Joshua E Campbell, Graeme M Day, Michele Ceriotti
Molecular crystals play an important role in several fields of science and technology. They frequently crystallize in different polymorphs with substantially different physical properties. To help guide the synthesis of candidate materials, atomic-scale modelling can be used to enumerate the stable polymorphs and to predict their properties, as well as to propose heuristic rules to rationalize the correlations between crystal structure and materials properties. Here we show how a recently-developed machine-learning (ML) framework can be used to achieve inexpensive and accurate predictions of the stability and properties of polymorphs, and a data-driven classification that is less biased and more flexible than typical heuristic rules...
February 7, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673608/scadi-a-standard-dataset-for-self-care-problems-classification-of-children-with-physical-and-motor-disability
#11
M S Zarchi, S M M Fatemi Bushehri, M Dehghanizadeh
Self-care problems diagnosis and classification is an important challenge in exceptional children health care systems. Since, self-care problems classification is a time-consuming process and requires expert occupational therapists, using an expert system in classifying these problems can decrease cost and time, efficiently. Expert systems refer to the systems that are based on artificial intelligence methods, which have the ability to learn, infer, and predict. In order to configure and train an expert system, a standard dataset is critical for the learning phase...
June 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673556/research-participation-among-state-and-local-public-health-emergency-preparedness-and-response-programs
#12
H Yusuf, L Ekperi, S Groseclose, A Siegfried, M Meit, E Carbone
OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to assess whether state and local health staff participated in public health emergency preparedness research activities and what partner organizations they collaborated with on research. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were derived from a 2014 web-based survey of state, territorial, and local health departments conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and NORC at the University of Chicago as part of a larger project to assess the public health emergency preparedness and response research priorities of state and local health departments...
April 16, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671860/future-directions-in-disseminating-research-findings-to-urban-alaska-native-people
#13
Aliassa L Shane, Charlene R Apok, Michael J Doyle, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Denise A Dillard, Karen Caindec
Southcentral Foundation (SCF), a tribal health organization based in Anchorage, Alaska, operates and plans health care services in response to the priorities and tribal values of Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people, including traditional concepts of wellness, reciprocity, and working in relationship. In an effort to better incorporate AN/AI priorities and values in research dissemination, the SCF Research Department hosted the Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) in May 2016. In this paper, we describe the communication strategies used by the SCF Public Relations Department, which were shared with Forum attendees, describe attendee recommendations for researchers to consider and implement, and then discuss future directions for dissemination...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671822/wireless-sensor-network-congestion-control-based-on-standard-particle-swarm-optimization-and-single-neuron-pid
#14
Xiaoping Yang, Xueying Chen, Riting Xia, Zhihong Qian
Aiming at the problem of network congestion caused by the large number of data transmissions in wireless routing nodes of wireless sensor network (WSN), this paper puts forward an algorithm based on standard particle swarm⁻neural PID congestion control (PNPID). Firstly, PID control theory was applied to the queue management of wireless sensor nodes. Then, the self-learning and self-organizing ability of neurons was used to achieve online adjustment of weights to adjust the proportion, integral and differential parameters of the PID controller...
April 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670613/innate-immunity-in-the-persistent-inflammation-immunosuppression-and-catabolism-syndrome-and-its-implications-for-therapy
#15
REVIEW
Hiroyuki Horiguchi, Tyler J Loftus, Russell B Hawkins, Steven L Raymond, Julie A Stortz, McKenzie K Hollen, Brett P Weiss, Elizabeth S Miller, Azra Bihorac, Shawn D Larson, Alicia M Mohr, Scott C Brakenridge, Hironori Tsujimoto, Hideki Ueno, Frederick A Moore, Lyle L Moldawer, Philip A Efron
Clinical and technological advances promoting early hemorrhage control and physiologic resuscitation as well as early diagnosis and optimal treatment of sepsis have significantly decreased in-hospital mortality for many critically ill patient populations. However, a substantial proportion of severe trauma and sepsis survivors will develop protracted organ dysfunction termed chronic critical illness (CCI), defined as ≥14 days requiring intensive care unit (ICU) resources with ongoing organ dysfunction...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669882/influential-parameters-for-the-analysis-of-intracellular-parasite-metabolomics
#16
Maureen A Carey, Vincent Covelli, Audrey Brown, Gregory L Medlock, Mareike Haaren, Jessica G Cooper, Jason A Papin, Jennifer L Guler
Metabolomics is increasingly popular for the study of pathogens. For the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum , both targeted and untargeted metabolomics have improved our understanding of pathogenesis, host-parasite interactions, and antimalarial drug treatment and resistance. However, purification and analysis procedures for performing metabolomics on intracellular pathogens have not been explored. Here, we purified in vitro -grown ring-stage intraerythrocytic P. falciparum parasites for untargeted metabolomics studies; the small size of this developmental stage amplifies the challenges associated with metabolomics studies as the ratio between host and parasite biomass is maximized...
April 25, 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669709/implementing-an-open-source-electronic-health-record-system-in-kenyan-health-care-facilities-case-study
#17
Naomi Muinga, Steve Magare, Jonathan Monda, Onesmus Kamau, Stuart Houston, Hamish Fraser, John Powell, Mike English, Chris Paton
BACKGROUND: The Kenyan government, working with international partners and local organizations, has developed an eHealth strategy, specified standards, and guidelines for electronic health record adoption in public hospitals and implemented two major health information technology projects: District Health Information Software Version 2, for collating national health care indicators and a rollout of the KenyaEMR and International Quality Care Health Management Information Systems, for managing 600 HIV clinics across the country...
April 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669522/home-based-bimanual-training-based-on-motor-learning-principles-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-and-their-parents-the-coad-study-rationale-and-protocols
#18
Marlous Schnackers, Laura Beckers, Yvonne Janssen-Potten, Pauline Aarts, Eugène Rameckers, Jan van der Burg, Imelda de Groot, Rob Smeets, Sander Geurts, Bert Steenbergen
BACKGROUND: Home-based training is considered an important intervention in rehabilitation of children with unilateral cerebral palsy. Despite consensus on the value of home-based upper limb training, no evidence-based best practice exists. Promoting compliance of children to adhere to an intensive program while keeping parental stress levels low is an important challenge when designing home-based training programs. Incorporating implicit motor learning principles emerges to be a promising method to resolve this challenge...
April 18, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668942/patient-reported-experiences-of-patient-safety-incidents-need-to-be-utilized-more-systematically-in-promoting-safe-care
#19
Merja Sahlström, Pirjo Partanen, Hannele Turunen
Objective: To analyze patient safety incidents (PSIs) reported by patients and their use in Finnish healthcare organizations. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: About 15 Finnish healthcare organizations ranging from specialized hospital care to home care, outpatient and inpatient clinics, and geographically diverse areas of Finland. Participants: The study population included all Finnish patients who had voluntarily reported PSI via web-based system in 2009-15...
April 16, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668682/biogeography-and-environmental-conditions-shape-bacteriophage-bacteria-networks-across-the-human-microbiome
#20
Geoffrey D Hannigan, Melissa B Duhaime, Danai Koutra, Patrick D Schloss
Viruses and bacteria are critical components of the human microbiome and play important roles in health and disease. Most previous work has relied on studying bacteria and viruses independently, thereby reducing them to two separate communities. Such approaches are unable to capture how these microbial communities interact, such as through processes that maintain community robustness or allow phage-host populations to co-evolve. We implemented a network-based analytical approach to describe phage-bacteria network diversity throughout the human body...
April 18, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
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