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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043353/machine-learnt-bond-order-potential-to-model-metal-organic-co-c-heterostructures
#1
Badri Narayanan, Henry Chan, Alper Kinaci, Fatih G Sen, Stephen K Gray, Maria K Y Chan, Subramanian K R S Sankaranarayanan
A fundamental understanding of the inter-relationships between structure, morphology, atomic scale dynamics, chemistry, and physical properties of mixed metallic-covalent systems is essential to design novel functional materials for applications in flexible nano-electronics, energy storage and catalysis. To achieve such knowledge, it is imperative to develop robust and computationally efficient atomistic models that describe atomic interactions accurately within a single framework. Here, we present a unified Tersoff-Brenner type bond order potential (BOP) for a Co-C system, trained against lattice parameters, cohesive energies, equation of state, and elastic constants of different crystalline phases of cobalt as well as orthorhombic Co2C derived from density functional theory (DFT) calculations...
October 18, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043204/autopsy-findings-of-miliary-tuberculosis-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient
#2
Khushdeep Shergill, Divya Shelly, Manoj G, Ritu Ranjan Kumar
Miliary tuberculosis is a lethal form of disseminated tuberculosis (TB), deriving its name from the millet-seed-sized granulomas in multiple organs. As TB still remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in India, its disseminated forms need to be diagnosed early to ensure more aggressive treatment at the earliest possible time. However, a considerable number of cases are missed ante-mortem. We discuss the case of a 32-year-old immunocompromised, non-HIV patient with an ante-mortem diagnosis of pulmonary TB...
July 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042483/olfactory-experience-primes-the-heat-shock-transcription-factor-hsf-1-to-enhance-the-expression-of-molecular-chaperones-in-c-elegans
#3
Felicia K Ooi, Veena Prahlad
Learning, a process by which animals modify their behavior as a result of experience, enables organisms to synthesize information from their surroundings to acquire resources and avoid danger. We showed that a previous encounter with only the odor of pathogenic bacteria prepared Caenorhabditis elegans to survive exposure to the pathogen by increasing the heat shock factor 1 (HSF-1)-dependent expression of genes encoding molecular chaperones. Experience-mediated enhancement of chaperone gene expression required serotonin, which primed HSF-1 to enhance the expression of molecular chaperone genes by promoting its localization to RNA polymerase II-enriched nuclear loci, even before transcription occurred...
October 17, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042480/prediction-of-protein-complexes-in-trypanosoma-brucei-by-protein-correlation-profiling-mass-spectrometry-and-machine-learning
#4
Thomas W M Crozier, Michele Tinti, Mark Larance, Angus I Lamond, Michael A J Ferguson
A disproportionate number of predicted proteins from the genome sequence of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei, an important human and animal pathogen, are hypothetical proteins of unknown function. This paper describes a protein correlation profiling mass spectrometry approach, using two size exclusion and one ion exchange chromatography systems, to derive sets of predicted protein complexes in this organism by hierarchical clustering and machine learning methods. These hypothesis-generating proteomic data are provided in an open access online data visualisation environment (http://134...
October 17, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041996/preparedness-training-programs-for-working-with-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-communities-and-older-adults-lessons-learned-from-key-informants-and-literature-assessments
#5
Patricia W Kamau, Susan L Ivey, Stephanie E Griese, Shoukat H Qari
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (1) identify available training programs for emergency response personnel and public health professionals on addressing the needs of Deaf and hard of hearing individuals and older adults, (2) identify strategies to improve these training programs, and (3) identify gaps in available training programs and make recommendations for addressing these gaps. METHODS: A literature review was conducted to identify relevant training programs and identify lessons learned...
October 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040634/implementation-of-acute-care-patient-portals-recommendations-on-utility-and-use-from-six-early-adopters
#6
Lisa V Grossman, Sung W Choi, Sarah Collins, Patricia C Dykes, Kevin J O'Leary, Milisa Rizer, Philip Strong, Po-Yin Yen, David K Vawdrey
Objective: To provide recommendations on how to most effectively implement advanced features of acute care patient portals, including: (1) patient-provider communication, (2) care plan information, (3) clinical data viewing, (4) patient education, (5) patient safety, (6) caregiver access, and (7) hospital amenities. Recommendations: We summarize the experiences of 6 organizations that have implemented acute care portals, representing a variety of settings and technologies...
September 4, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038918/mechanisms-and-causality-in-molecular-diseases
#7
Shannon E Keenan, Stanislav Y Shvartsman
How is a disease contracted, and how does it progress through the body? Answers to these questions are fundamental to understanding both basic biology and medicine. Advances in the biomedical sciences continue to provide more tools to address these fundamental questions and to uncover questions that have not been thought of before. Despite these major advances, we are still facing conceptual and technical challenges when learning about the etiology of disease, especially for genetic diseases. In this review, we illustrate this point by discussing the causal links between molecular mechanisms and systems-level phenotypes in molecular diseases...
October 16, 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037046/admet-evaluation-in-drug-discovery-18-reliable-prediction-of-chemical-induced-urinary-tract-toxicity-by-boosting-machine-learning-approaches
#8
Tailong Lei, Huiyong Sun, Yu Kang, Feng Zhu, Hui Liu, Wenfang Zhou, Zhe Wang, Dan Li, Youyong Li, Tingjun Hou
Xenobiotic chemicals and their metabolites are mainly excreted out of our bodies by the The urinary tract is the main organ excreting xenobiotic chemicals and their metabolites through the urine. Chemical-induced urinary tract toxicity is one of the main reasons that cause failure during drug development, and it is a common adverse event for medications, natural supplements and environmental chemicals. Despites its importance, there are only a few in silico models for assessing urinary tract toxicity for a large number of compounds with diverse chemical structures...
October 16, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033398/intensive-education-of-health-care-workers-improves-the-outcome-of-ebola-virus-disease-lessons-learned-from-the-2014-outbreak-in-sierra-leone
#9
Tracey Elizabeth Claire Jones-Konneh, Aya Murakami, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Shinichi Egawa
The rare and deadly Ebola virus disease (EVD) is caused by Ebola virus (EBOV) infection. The 2014-2015 EVD outbreak in West Africa was unprecedented. Person-to-person transmission of EBOV by direct contact with the body or bodily fluids of an infected person through broken skin or unprotected mucous membrane caused rapid outbreak in communities. Nosocomial infection was the cause of death of many health care workers (HCWs). This paper aims to reveal the importance and effect of intensive education of HCWs when combating an outbreak such as EVD...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033260/predicting-microrna-biological-functions-based-on-genes-discriminant-analysis
#10
Tao Ding, Junhua Xu, Mengmeng Sun, Shanshan Zhu, Jie Gao
Although thousands of microRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified in recent experimental efforts, it remains a challenge to explore their specific biological functions through molecular biological experiments. Since those members from same family share same or similar biological functions, classifying new miRNAs into their corresponding families will be helpful for their further functional analysis. In this study, we initially built a vector space by characterizing the features from miRNA sequences and structures according to their miRBase family organizations...
September 29, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031458/quiet-eye-training-improves-accuracy-in-basketball-field-goal-shooting
#11
Joan N Vickers, Ben Vandervies, Christie Kohut, Brendan Ryley
University students (N = 240) were randomly assigned to a quiet eye training (QET) or technical training (TT) group, and their shooting accuracy (%) determined during a pre-, post-, and transfer test in basketball field shooting. Both groups first received lectures on visuomotor processing and the quiet eye (QE), followed by a laboratory in which participants in the QET group were taught how to adopt the QE characteristics of elite free-throw shooters, which stresses optimal gaze control and focus relative to a single target location, while the TT participants were taught elite biomechanics which stresses optimal control of the shooting stance, arms, and hands...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030096/medical-safety-huddles-in-rehabilitation-a-novel-patient-safety-strategy
#12
Meiqi Guo, Gaetan Tardif, Mark Bayley
OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation process, outcomes, and lessons learned in the implementation of medical safety huddles, a novel patient safety monitoring strategy that promotes physician engagement with patient safety. DESIGN: Single-centre observational study. SETTING: The Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Program (BSCIRP) at an urban, academic adult rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 18 physicians associated with the program...
October 10, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029969/cross-year-peer-assisted-learning-using-the-inverted-flipped-classroom-design-a-pilot-study-in-dentistry
#13
Maximilian Quoß, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szep
BACKGROUND: The inverted classroom model (ICM) represents a special combination of online and attendance learning. The implementation of the didactic concept of "peer-assisted learning" (PAL) within an ICM design has not yet been described in the literature for the field of restorative dentistry. OBJECTIVE: It was the goal of the present study to develop an ICM offering in a cross-year PAL format (ICM-cyPAL), and then introduce and evaluate it. METHOD: The pilot project was conducted at the dental clinic at the Goethe University of Frankfurt/Main, where following its conceptual development and implementation with three consecutive cohorts of students in their first clinical semester (the sixth semester at university) the ICM-cyPAL offering was evaluated...
October 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029692/e-health-readiness-assessment-factors-and-measuring-tools-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Salifu Yusif, Abdul Hafeez-Baig, Jeffrey Soar
BACKGROUND: The evolving, adoption and high failure nature of health information technology (HIT)/IS/T systems requires effective readiness assessment to avert increasing failures while increasing system benefits. However, literature on HIT readiness assessment is myriad and fragmented. This review bares the contours of the available literature concluding in a set of manageable and usable recommendations for policymakers, researchers, individuals and organizations intending to assess readiness for any HIT implementation...
November 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029132/general-practitioners-strategies-in-consultations-with-immigrants-in-norway-practice-based-shared-reflections-among-participants-in-focus-groups
#15
Stefán Hjörleifsson, Elise Hammer, Esperanza Díaz
Background: Immigrants comprise 16.8% of the population in Norway and meet General Practitioners (GPs) as their first point of contact with most health care services as do others in Norway. While Norwegian GPs are not trained in cultural competence, little is known about the extent to which they see good care for immigrants as relying on specific strategies. Objectives: To explore the thoughts of GPs in Norway about strategies they might use with immigrant patients...
September 28, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028931/deepgo-predicting-protein-functions-from-sequence-and-interactions-using-a-deep-ontology-aware-classifier
#16
Maxat Kulmanov, Mohammed Asif Khan, Robert Hoehndorf
Motivation: A large number of protein sequences are becoming available through the application of novel high-throughput sequencing technologies. Experimental functional characterization of these proteins is time-consuming and expensive, and is often only done rigorously for few selected model organisms. Computational function prediction approaches have been suggested to fill this gap. The functions of proteins are classified using the Gene Ontology (GO), which contains over 40,000 classes...
September 28, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028883/a-new-pan-european-train-the-trainer-programme-for-bioinformatics-pilot-results-on-feasibility-utility-and-sustainability-of-learning
#17
Allegra Via, Teresa K Attwood, Pedro L Fernandes, Sarah L Morgan, Maria Victoria Schneider, Patricia M Palagi, Gabriella Rustici, Rochelle E Tractenberg
Demand for training life scientists in bioinformatics methods, tools and resources and computational approaches is urgent and growing. To meet this demand, new trainers must be prepared with effective teaching practices for delivering short hands-on training sessions-a specific type of education that is not typically part of professional preparation of life scientists in many countries. A new Train-the-Trainer (TtT) programme was created by adapting existing models, using input from experienced trainers and experts in bioinformatics, and from educational and cognitive sciences...
September 26, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028232/towards-an-overarching-european-health-information-system
#18
Marieke Verschuuren, Annemiek van Bolhuis, Nicole Rosenkötter, Mariken Tijhuis, Hans van Oers
A European health information system (HIS) supports mutual learning between member states through international comparisons. In addition, it informs international policy agendas. Collaboration between the major stakeholders, most importantly the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (WHO-Euro), the European Commission and OECD, is important for member states, as this will contribute to better and more efficiently produced health intelligence. This paper focuses on this 'supra-international' collaboration...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027573/dose-reduction-for-fluoroscopically-guided-injections-phantom-simulation-and-patient-procedures
#19
C Y Chang, F J Simeone, M C DeLorenzo, W E Palmer, M A Bredella, A J Huang
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate fluoroscopy dose reduction through both simulated injections on a phantom and patient injections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study was IRB-approved and HIPAA-compliant. Simulation on a phantom was used to estimate effective dose, entrance dose, and organ doses for hip joint injections without and with dose minimization technique (DMT). Additionally, 1,094 joint, bursae, and tendon sheath injections performed by three operators in the same fluoroscopy suite were evaluated both before and after application of DMT...
October 13, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026454/opportunities-and-obstacles-using-a-clinical-decision-support-system-for-maternal-care-in-burkina-faso
#20
S Alphonse Zakane, Lars L Gustafsson, Ali Sie, Göran Tomson, Svetla Loukanova, Pia Bastholm-Rahmner
OBJECTIVE: Maternal and neonatal mortality is high in sub-Saharan Africa. To support Healthcare Workers (HCWs), a computerized decision support system (CDSS) was piloted at six rural maternal care units in Burkina Faso. During the two years of the study period, it was apparent from reports that the CDSS was not used regularly in clinical practice. This study aimed to explore the reasons why HCWs failed to use the CDSS. METHODS: A workshop, organized as group discussions and a plenary session, was performed with 13 participants to understand their experience with the CDSS and suggest improvements if pertinent...
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
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