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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919766/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-somatic-symptom-disorders-in-later-life-a-prospective-comparative-explorative-pilot-study-in-two-clinical-populations
#1
Michelle Jh Verdurmen, Arjan C Videler, Astrid M Kamperman, David Khasho, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with somatic symptom disorder (SSD) put a great burden on the health care delivery system. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective in adults with SSD. However, no studies have been conducted yet into CBT for SSD in later life. OBJECTIVES: We explored the feasibility of CBT for SSD in the elderly. METHODS: This is a prospective pilot study comparing two outpatient specialty mental health settings for adults (<60 years; n=13) and for elderly patients (≥60 years; n=9) with SSD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916860/the-effect-of-migration-on-social-capital-and-depression-among-older-adults-in-china
#2
Qiuju Li, Xudong Zhou, Sha Ma, Minmin Jiang, Lu Li
PURPOSE: An estimated 9 million elderly people accompanied their adult children to urban areas in China, raising concerns about their social capital and mental health following re-location. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of migration on social capital and depression among this population. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was applied to recruit the migrant and urban elderly in Hangzhou from May to August, 2013. Data were collected from face-to-face interviews by trained college students using a standardized questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904133/comparing-physical-and-social-cognitive-skills-in-macaque-species-with-different-degrees-of-social-tolerance
#3
Marine Joly, Jérôme Micheletta, Arianna De Marco, Jan A Langermans, Elisabeth H M Sterck, Bridget M Waller
Contemporary evolutionary theories propose that living in groups drives the selection of enhanced cognitive skills to face competition and facilitate cooperation between individuals. Being able to coordinate both in space and time with others and make strategic decisions are essential skills for cooperating within groups. Social tolerance and an egalitarian social structure have been proposed as one specific driver of cooperation. Therefore, social tolerance is predicted to be associated with enhanced cognitive skills that underpin communication and coordination...
September 13, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895503/needs-assessment-with-elder-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-implications-for-services-and-interventions
#4
Zeina Chemali, Christina P C Borba, Kelsey Johnson, Sama Khair, Gregory L Fricchione
Currently, over 1 million Syrian and Palestinian refugees have fled Syria to take refuge in Lebanon. Among this vulnerable population, elder refugees warrant particular concern, as they shoulder a host of additional health and safety issues that require additional resources. However, the specific needs of elder refugees are often overlooked, especially during times of crisis. Our study used a semi-structured interview to survey the needs of elder refugees and understand their perceived support from Lebanese fieldworkers...
September 12, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886128/psychological-distress-health-protection-and-sexual-practices-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-social-action-theory-to-guide-hiv-prevention-efforts
#5
Ian W Holloway, Dorian E Traube, Sheree M Schrager, Diane Tan, Shannon Dunlap, Michele D Kipke
The present study addresses gaps in the literature related to theory development for young men who have sex with men (YMSM) sexual practices through the application and modification of Social Action Theory. Data come from the Healthy Young Men study (N = 526), which longitudinally tracked a diverse cohort of YMSM ages 18-24 to characterize risk and protective factors associated with drug use and sexual practices. Structural equation modeling examined the applicability of, and any necessary modifications to a YMSM-focused version of Social Action Theory...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871106/3d-imaging-of-the-brain-morphology-and-connectivity-defects-in-a-model-of-psychiatric-disorders-map6-ko-mice
#6
Ulysse Gimenez, Benoit Boulan, Franck Mauconduit, Fanny Taurel, Maxime Leclercq, Eric Denarier, Jacques Brocard, Sylvie Gory-Fauré, Annie Andrieux, Hana Lahrech, Jean Christophe Deloulme
In the central nervous system, microtubule-associated protein 6 (MAP6) is expressed at high levels and is crucial for cognitive abilities. The large spectrum of social and cognitive impairments observed in MAP6-KO mice are reminiscent of the symptoms observed in psychiatric diseases, such as schizophrenia, and respond positively to long-term treatment with antipsychotics. MAP6-KO mice have therefore been proposed to be a useful animal model for these diseases. Here, we explored the brain anatomy in MAP6-KO mice using high spatial resolution 3D MRI, including a volumetric T1w method to image brain structures, and Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) for white matter fiber tractography...
September 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870419/healthy-body-healthy-mind-a-mixed-methods-study-of-outcomes-barriers-and-supports-for-exercise-by-people-who-have-chronic-moderate-to-severe-acquired-brain-injury
#7
Laura S Lorenz, Ann L Charrette, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Julia M Doucett, Jeffrey Fong
BACKGROUND: Few people with chronic moderate-to-severe brain injury are following recommended physical activity guidelines. OBJECTIVE: Investigate effects of planned, systematic physical activity while cultivating social and emotional well-being of people with chronic moderate-to-severe brain injury. HYPOTHESIS: Moderate-to-intensive physical activity would be associated with improvements in impairment and activity limitation measures (endurance, mobility, gait speed) immediately post-intervention and six weeks later (study week 12)...
August 24, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865282/social-capital-and-antenatal-depression-among-chinese-primiparas-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Chi Zhou, Atsushi Ogihara, Hao Chen, Weijue Wang, Liu Huang, Baodan Zhang, Xueni Zhang, Liangwen Xu, Lei Yang
The aim of this study is to investigate the associations between social capital and antenatal depression among Chinese primiparas. A cross-sectional design was used and a questionnaire survey was conducted with 1471 participants using the intercept method at the provincial hospital in Zhejiang in 2016. Antenatal depression was evaluated using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and social capital was assessed by the Chinese version of Social Capital Assessment Questionnaire (C-SCAQ). The prevalence of antenatal depression was assessed among Chinese primiparas in their third trimesters...
August 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863315/a-biosocial-cognitive-model-of-cannabis-use-in-emerging-adulthood
#9
Zoe E Papinczak, Jason P Connor, Paul Harnett, Matthew J Gullo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test a new theoretical model of cannabis use incorporating biologically-based personality traits and social cognition. This biosocial cognitive theory (bSCT) has robust support in alcohol studies, but has not been applied to cannabis. The model proposes two pathways linking dimensions of impulsivity to cannabis use. The first predicts that the association between Reward Sensitivity (SR) and cannabis use is mediated by positive outcome expectancies...
August 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862920/social-cognitive-factors-physical-activity-and-mobility-impairment-in-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Susan L Kasser, Maria Kosma
Among those with multiple sclerosis (MS), mobility impairment is common and significantly affects independent functioning and quality of life. The purpose of the study was to examine the role of physical activity in mobility impairment in individuals with MS and explore the social cognitive factors of social support, outcome expectations, and self-efficacy that facilitate physical activity among those with the disease. A sample of 319 individuals with MS were assessed on the following: family and friend social support, self-efficacy, and physical and social outcome expectations...
September 1, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862389/the-role-of-high-expectations-of-self-and-social-desirability-in-emotional-processing-in-individuals-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-qualitative-study
#11
Alice Sibelli, Trudie Chalder, Hazel Everitt, Paul Workman, Felicity L Bishop, Rona Moss-Morris
OBJECTIVES: Although high levels of distress are associated with the onset and severity of Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), it is unclear how this relates to emotional processing, particularly in relation to maintenance of symptoms and treatment outcome. This qualitative study embedded within a randomized controlled trial aimed to explore how individuals with refractory IBS experience, express, and manage their emotions after either therapist-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (TCBT) or Web-based CBT (WBCBT) compared to treatment as usual (TAU)...
September 1, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857347/improving-functional-outcome-in-bipolar-disorder-a-pilot-study-on-metacognitive-training
#12
Paula Haffner, Esther Quinlivan, Jana Fiebig, Lene-Marie Sondergeld, Elisa Sophie Strasser, Mazda Adli, Steffen Moritz, Thomas Josef Stamm
BACKGROUND: Effective group psychological interventions in bipolar disorder are rare. In this study, we present "metacognitive training (MCT) for bipolar disorder"-an adaption of a group intervention that has proven effective in other severe psychiatric disorders. MCT is a structured, interactive approach that addresses cognitive biases, social cognition, and self-esteem. In this pilot study, we investigated psychosocial functioning as primary outcome measure, as well as the feasibility of MCT and its acceptance among bipolar patients...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851412/influence-of-motor-skills-training-on-children-s-development-evaluated-in-the-motor-skills-in-preschool-mips-study-dk-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-nested-in-a-cohort-study
#13
Lise Hestbaek, Sarah Thurøe Andersen, Thomas Skovgaard, Line Groenholt Olesen, Mette Elmose, Dorthe Bleses, Simon Calmar Andersen, Henrik Hein Lauridsen
BACKGROUND: Good motor skills are considered important for children's physical, social, and psychological development, but the relationship is still poorly understood. Preschool age seems to be decisive for the development of motor skills and probably the most promising time-window in relation to preventive strategies based on improved motor skills. This research program has four overall aims: (1) investigation of the effect of a structured program aimed at improving motor skills in 3-6-year-old children on current and future motor skills, health, cognition, and wellbeing; (2) establish reference data on motor skills in 3-6-year-olds; (3) description of early development of musculoskeletal problems; and (4) establishment of a population-based cohort of 3-6-year-olds...
August 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843088/neural-predictors-of-substance-use-disorders-in-young-adulthood
#14
Jessica W O'Brien, Shirley Y Hill
Offspring from multiplex, alcohol-dependent families are at heightened risk for substance use disorders (SUDs) in adolescence and young adulthood. These high-risk offspring have also been shown to have atypical structure and function of brain regions implicated in emotion regulation, social cognition, and reward processing. This study assessed the relationship between amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) volumes obtained in adolescence and SUD outcomes in young adulthood among high-risk offspring and low-risk controls...
October 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842233/pattern-of-corticospinal-projections-defined-by-brain-mapping-during-resective-epilepsy-surgery-in-a-patient-with-congenital-hemiparesis-and-intractable-epilepsy
#15
Chen-Ya Yang, Hsin-Hung Chen, Chien Chen, Jan-Wei Chiu, Chen-Liang Chou, Tsui-Fen Yang
BACKGROUND: Congenital or early acquired brain structural lesions often cause contralateral hemiparesis as well as cognitive deficits, developmental delays, and seizures. Among them, seizure is the most debilitating condition, as it greatly impairs the quality of life in both the affected individuals and their caregivers and prevents them from active social participation. CASE DESCRIPTION: Here, we present a 34-year-old man with hemiparesis and early-onset seizures since childhood owing to a congenital brain lesion...
August 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828890/psychosocial-benefits-of-exercise-for-older-adults-with-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-innovative-practice
#16
Juan Tortosa-Martínez, Vicente J Beltrán-Carrillo, Nuria Caus, Marcos J Iglesias-Martínez, Inés Lozano-Cabezas, Sandra Jimenez-Hernández, J M Cortell-Tormo
The aim of this study was to explore the perceived psychosocial benefits of a three-month exercise program for 10 older adults with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment, a condition in which memory loss is the main symptom. Qualitative data were collected by observation (research diary) and 20 semi-structured interviews with the participants (10) and their caregivers (10). The narratives showed remarkable psychosocial benefits, such as improved mood, motivation, autonomy, perceived competence, self-esteem, and social relationships...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826744/exploring-physiotherapists-experiences-of-implementing-a-cognitive-behavioural-approach-for-managing-low-back-pain-and-identifying-barriers-to-long-term-implementation
#17
Helen Richmond, Amanda M Hall, Zara Hansen, Esther Williamson, David Davies, Sarah E Lamb
OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were two-fold: (i) to describe physiotherapists' experiences of implementing a cognitive behavioural approach (CBA) for managing low back pain (LBP) after completing an extensive online training course (iBeST), and (ii) to identify how iBeST could be enhanced to support long-term implementation before scale up for widespread use. DESIGN: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 11 physiotherapists from six National Health Service departments in the Midlands, Oxfordshire and Derbyshire...
June 1, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822898/beyond-dichotomies-m-others-structuring-and-the-development-of-toddlers-prosocial-behavior-across-cultures
#18
REVIEW
Joscha Kärtner
Basic elements of prosociality-(pro)social cognition, motivation, and prosocial behavior-emerge during the first and second year of life. These elements are rooted in biological predispositions and the developmental system is complemented by caregivers' structuring. By structuring, (m)others integrate toddlers' unrefined (pro)social sentiments and behavioral inclinations into coherent patterns and align toddlers' experience and behavior with the population's cultural model. These cultural models specify target states for appropriate affective, motivational and behavioral responses regarding toddlers' prosociality and these target states, in turn, inform (m)others' appraisal and guide their structuring...
August 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818500/cryptic-sexual-dimorphism-in-spatial-memory-and-hippocampal-oxytocin-receptors-in-prairie-voles-microtus-ochrogaster
#19
Marissa A Rice, Lauren E Hobbs, Kelly J Wallace, Alexander G Ophir
Sex differences are well documented and are conventionally associated with intense sex-specific selection. For example, spatial memory is frequently better in males, presumably due to males' tendency to navigate large spaces to find mates. Alternatively, monogamy (in which sex-specific selection is relatively relaxed) should diminish or eliminate differences in spatial ability and the mechanisms associated with this behavior. Nevertheless, phenotypic differences between monogamous males and females persist, sometimes cryptically...
August 30, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817959/a-health-behavior-prediction-model-for-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#20
Jiyoung Kim, Oksoo Kim
The aim of this study was to determine the relationships among functional status, hostility, social support, illness perceptions, and health behaviors in patients with coronary artery disease using structural equation modeling. Participants comprised 215 patients with coronary artery disease who had received percutaneous coronary artery intervention or a coronary artery bypass graft in two general hospitals in Seoul, Korea. Using structured interviews with questionnaires, data accrued from July to August, 2015...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
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