keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cognitive social structure

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130370/normal-adult-and-adolescent-performance-on-tasit-s-a-short-version-of-the-assessment-of-social-inference-test
#1
Skye McDonald, Cynthia Honan, Samantha K Allen, Rebecca El-Helou, Michelle Kelly, Fiona Kumfor, Olivier Piguet, Jessica L Hazelton, Christine Padgett, Hannah A D Keage
There is a need for short, reliable, sensitive assessment tools to measure social cognition. The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT) is an ecologically valid instrument that uses videos of actors engaged in everyday conversations to assess emotion perception, the ability to detect lies, sarcasm and sincerity, and the ability to judge what others are thinking, intending, feeling, and saying. A recently developed short version of TASIT retains the structure of the original test and its clinical sensitivity...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122592/new-perspectives-on-the-brain-lesion-approach-implications-for-theoretical-models-of-human-memory
#2
Muireann Irish, Marlieke T R van Kesteren
Human lesion studies represent the cornerstone of modern day neuropsychology and provide an important adjunct to functional neuroimaging methods. The study of human lesion groups with damage to distinct regions of the brain permits the identification of underlying mechanisms and structures not only associated with, but essential for, complex cognitive processes. Here, we consider a recent review by McCormick et al. in which the power of the lesion model approach is elegantly presented with respect to a host of sophisticated cognitive endeavors, including autobiographical memory, future thinking, spatial navigation, and decision-making...
November 6, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122031/contempt%C3%A2-%C3%A2-where-the-modularity-of-the-mind-meets-the-modularity-of-the-brain
#3
Danilo Bzdok, Leonhard Schilbach
"Contempt" is proposed to be a unique aspect of human nature, yet a non-natural kind. Its psychological construct is framed as a sentiment emerging from a stratification of diverse basic emotions and dispositional attitudes. Accordingly, "contempt" might transcend traditional conceptual levels in social psychology, including experience and recognition of emotion, dyadic and group dynamics, context-conditioned attitudes, time-enduring personality structure, and morality. This strikes us as a modern psychological account of a high-level, social-affective cognitive facet that joins forces with recent developments in the social neuroscience by drawing psychological conclusions from brain biology...
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121238/structural-social-relations-and-cognitive-ageing-trajectories-evidence-from-the-whitehall-ii-cohort-study
#4
Marko Elovainio, Andrew Sommerlad, Christian Hakulinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Marianna Virtanen, Mika Kivimäki, Archana Singh-Manoux
Background: Social relations are important for health, particularly at older ages. We examined the salience of frequency of social contacts and marital status for cognitive ageing trajectories over 21 years, from midlife to early old age. Methods: Data are from the Whitehall II cohort study, including 4290 men and 1776 women aged 35-55 years at baseline (1985-88). Frequency of social contacts and marital status were measured in 1985-88 and 1989-90. Assessment of cognitive function on five occasions (1991-94, 1997-99, 2003-04, 2007-09 and 2012-13) included the following tests: short-term memory, inductive reasoning, verbal fluency (phonemic and semantic) and a combined global score...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111383/disturbed-glutathione-antioxidative-defense-is-associated-with-structural-brain-changes-in-neuroleptic-na%C3%A3-ve-first-episode-psychosis-patients
#5
K Langbein, J Hesse, A Gussew, B Milleit, S Lavoie, G P Amminger, C Gaser, G Wagner, J R Reichenbach, U-C Hipler, D Winter, S Smesny
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress and impaired antioxidant defense are reported in schizophrenia and are thought to be associated with disturbed neurodevelopment, brain structural alterations, glutamatergic imbalance, negative symptomatology, and cognitive impairment. To test some of these assumptions we investigated the glutathione (GSH) antioxidant defense system (AODS) and brain structural abnormalities in drug-naïve individuals with first acute episode of psychosis (FEP). METHOD: The study involved 27 drug-naïve FEP patients and 31 healthy controls (HC)...
October 18, 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097734/regional-gray-matter-volume-is-associated-with-trait-modesty-evidence-from-voxel-based-morphometry
#6
Chuhua Zheng, Qiong Wu, Yan Jin, Yanhong Wu
Modesty when defined as a personality trait, is highly beneficial to interpersonal relationship, group performance, and mental health. However, the potential neural underpinnings of trait modesty remain poorly understood. In the current study, we used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to investigate the structural neural basis of trait modesty in Chinese college students. VBM results showed that higher trait modesty score was associated with lager regional gray matter volume in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex, right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, left superior temporal gyrus/left temporal pole, and right posterior insular cortex...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095378/physical-activity-among-female-adolescents-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia-a-health-promotion-model-based-path-analysis
#7
Eman Bajamal, Lorraine B Robbins, Jiying Ling, Barbara Smith, Karin A Pfeiffer, Dhruv Sharma
BACKGROUND: In Saudi Arabia, about 14.8% of female children and adolescents of less than 20 years old are obese, compared with only 9.4% of male children and adolescents. One major factor linked to the high prevalence of obesity and related chronic illnesses involves inadequate physical activity (PA). Only 25% of female adolescents in Saudi Arabia meet the recommendation calling for 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous PA per day. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to examine relationships among self-reported PA and cognitive and affective variables, including perceived barriers to PA, PA self-efficacy, enjoyment of PA, social support for PA, and commitment to PA...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095076/the-parenting-journey-daily-parental-management-in-families-with-young-children
#8
Maria Carbines, Annette Dickinson, Barbara McKenzie-Green
Transitioning to parenthood and establishing a family are significant life events, and although an expected and normal part of adult life, it is a time of stress, change, and learning. The family has been well-studied with regard to developmental norms and the diagnosis and treatment of physical, cognitive, and emotional problems. However, little is known about how parents of young children establish, manage, and maintain their families on a daily basis. Social constructivist grounded theory was used to examine day to day parental management in families with young children...
November 2, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091541/a-multilevel-social-neuroscience-perspective-on-radicalization-and-terrorism
#9
Jean Decety, Clifford I Workman
Why are some people capable of sympathizing with and/or committing acts of political violence, such as attacks aimed at innocent targets? Attempts to construct terrorist profiles based on individual and situational factors, such as clinical, psychological, ethnic, and socio-demographic variables, have largely failed. Although individual and situational factors must be at work, it is clear that they alone cannot explain how certain individuals are radicalized. In this paper, we propose that a comprehensive understanding of radicalization and of how it may lead to political violence requires the integration of information across multiple levels of analysis and interdisciplinary perspectives from evolutionary theory, social, personality and cognitive psychology, political science and neuroscience...
November 1, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090632/-normal-and-failing-mothers-women-s-constructions-of-maternal-subjectivity-while-living-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Chloe Parton, Terri Katz, Jane M Ussher
Multiple sclerosis causes physical and cognitive impairment that can impact women's experiences of motherhood. This study examined how women construct their maternal subjectivities, or sense of self as a mother, drawing on a framework of biographical disruption. A total of 20 mothers with a multiple sclerosis diagnosis took part in semi-structured interviews. Transcripts were analysed using thematic decomposition to identify subject positions that women adopted in relation to cultural discourses of gender, motherhood and illness...
October 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090461/mindful-parenting-and-emotion-socialization-practices-concurrent-and-longitudinal-associations
#11
Laura G McKee, Justin Parent, Chloe R Zachary, Rex Forehand
Caregivers play a crucial role in the socialization of youth emotion understanding, competence, and regulation, which are implicated in youth social and emotional health; however, there is less understanding of parental psychosocial or cognitive factors, like mindful parenting, that may be associated with the use of particular emotion socialization (ES) strategies. This study tests a model of the cross-sectional and short-term longitudinal associations between mindful parenting and supportive and nonsupportive ES strategies in a community sample of parents (N = 246; 63...
November 1, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083222/the-effects-of-the-growing-pro-social-program-on-cognitive-distortions-and-early-maladaptive-schemas-over-time-in-male-prison-inmates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Nélio Brazão, Daniel Rijo, Maria do Céu Salvador, José Pinto-Gouveia
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial aimed to assess the efficacy of a structured cognitive-behavioral group program, Growing Pro-Social (GPS), in reducing cognitive distortions and early maladaptive schemas over time in male prison inmates. METHOD: A total of 254 participants were recruited from nine Portuguese prisons and allocated to receive GPS (n = 121) or treatment as usual (n = 133). Participants were assessed with self-report measures on cognitive distortions and early maladaptive schemas at baseline, during intervention, at post-treatment and at 12 months' follow-up...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081371/differential-effects-of-mdma-and-cocaine-on-inhibitory-avoidance-and-object-recognition-tests-in-rodents
#13
REVIEW
María Pilar García-Pardo, Jose Enrique De la Rubia Ortí, Maria Asunción Aguilar Calpe
INTRODUCTION: Drug addiction continues being a major public problem faced by modern societies with different social, health and legal consequences for the consumers. Consumption of psychostimulants, like cocaine or MDMA (known as ecstasy) are highly prevalent and cognitive and memory impairments have been related with the abuse of these drugs. AIM: The aim of this work was to review the most important data of the literature in the last 10 years about the effects of cocaine and MDMA on inhibitory avoidance and object recognition tests in rodents...
October 31, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077480/social-emotional-aspects-of-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Heidemarie Lex, Sara Weisenbach, Jacob Sloane, Sana Syed, Eva Rasky, Wolfgang Freidl
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory auto-immune disease of the central nervous system. It leads to many impairments including physical, cognitive, psychological, and social challenges. Our study examined gender and cultural associations with quality of life (QoL), personal characteristics, and benefits from having MS among those with MS. The study was conducted in Austria and the United States. The sample included 128 participants, 64 in each country, of whom 78 were women and 50 were men aged between 20 and 57 years...
October 27, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076355/how-coping-styles-cognitive-distortions-and-attachment-predict-problem-gambling-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#15
Filipa Calado, Joana Alexandre, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims Recent research suggests that youth problem gambling is associated with several factors, but little is known how these factors might influence or interact each other in predicting this behavior. Consequently, this is the first study to examine the mediation effect of coping styles in the relationship between attachment to parental figures and problem gambling. Methods A total of 988 adolescents and emerging adults were recruited to participate. The first set of analyses tested the adequacy of a model comprising biological, cognitive, and family variables in predicting youth problem gambling...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071565/assessing-personal-constructs-of-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-person-centered-measure-of-social-cognition
#16
Sean Hess, Trisha Self, Anthony DiLollo
Many protocols assessing social communication skills of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are based on behavioral observations. It has been suggested, however, that social cognition encompasses processes underlying observable behaviors. Such processes include personal constructs, which can be assessed using repertory grids. Personal constructs of five adolescents with ASD with average or above average intelligence and receptive and expressive language skills were explored using repertory grids in this study...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070047/on-measuring-and-decomposing-inequality-of-opportunity-in-access-to-health-services-among-tunisian-children-a-new-approach-for-public-policy
#17
Anis Saidi, Mekki Hamdaoui
BACKGROUND: The early years in children's life are the key to physical, cognitive-language, and, socio-emotional skills development. So, it is of paramount importance in this period to be interested in different indicators that would influence the child's health. METHODS: This paper measures inequality of opportunities among Tunisian children concerning access to nutritional and healthy services using Human Opportunity-Index and Shapely decomposition methods. RESULTS: Many disparities between regions have been detected since 1982 until 2012...
October 25, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068366/strengthening-the-referral-system-through-social-capital-a-qualitative-inquiry-in-ghana
#18
Padmore Adusei Amoah, David R Phillips
The referral system in health care has been noted as very influential in determining which services are accessed and when. Nonetheless, existing studies have relied on specific measurable factors relating to health personnel, transportation and communication infrastructure, and finance to explain the challenges facing the referral policy in developing countries. While this is understandable, the role of social capital remains mostly uncharted even though it is implicit in the well-known lay referral system...
October 25, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067317/social-interaction-and-cognitive-decline-results-of-a-7-year-community-intervention
#19
Hiroyuki Hikichi, Katsunori Kondo, Tokunori Takeda, Ichiro Kawachi
INTRODUCTION: There are few intervention studies that demonstrated linking social participation to lower risk of cognitive decline. We examined prospectively the protective effect of a community intervention program promoting social participation on the incidence of cognitive disability. METHODS: The baseline was established in a survey of community-dwelling older people aged 65 years old or more in July 2006 (2793 respondents, response rate 48.5%). The setting was Taketoyo town in Japan, where municipal authorities launched an intervention that was based on the establishment of community-based centers called "salons," where the town's senior residents could congregate and participate in social activities, ranging from arts and crafts, games, and interactive activities with preschool children...
January 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063260/-childhood-stroke-what-are-the-special-features-of-childhood-stroke
#20
REVIEW
L Gerstl, M V Bonfert, T Nicolai, M Dieterich, C Adamczyk, F Heinen, M Olivieri, M Steinlin
Childhood arterial ischemic stroke differs in essential aspects from adult stroke. It is rare, often relatively unknown among laypersons and physicians and the wide variety of age-specific differential diagnoses (stroke mimics) as well as less established care structures often lead to a considerable delay in the diagnosis of stroke. The possible treatment options in childhood are mostly off-label. Experiences in well-established acute treatment modalities in adult stroke, such as thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy are therefore limited in children and only based on case reports and case series...
October 23, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
keyword
keyword
94794
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"