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electronic proximity

František Moravec, Ian Beveridge
Based on light and scanning electron microscopical studies, a new nematode parasite, Lobocapillaria austropacifica n. sp. (Capillariidae), is described from the gall-bladder of the marine fish (obtuse barracuda) Sphyraena obtusata Cuvier (Perciformes: Sphyraenidae) from off the eastern Pacific coast of Australia, for which a new genus Lobocapillaria n. g. is established. This new genus is mainly characterised by a single row of stichocytes, the presence of two large, conspicuously elongated lateral caudal lobes and a pair of subventral papillae at their base in males, a flat spicule distended laterally towards its proximal end and provided with superficial rough transverse grooves, a spicular canal and a very long, aspinose spicular sheath with a conspicuous expansion near its proximal end when evaginated...
April 19, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
Mohit Rameshchandra Kulkarni, Rohit Abraham John, Mayank Rajput, Naveen Tiwari, Natalia Yantara, Anh Chien Nguyen, Nripan Mathews
Electronic skins need to be versatile and able to detect multiple inputs beyond simple pressure and touch while having attributes of transparency and facile manufacturability. Herein, we demonstrate a versatile nanostructured transparent sensor capable of detecting wide range of pressures and proximity as well as novel nonoptical detection of printed patterns. The architecture and fabrication processes are straightforward and show robustness to repeated cycling and testing. The sensor displays good sensitivity and stability from 30 Pa to 5 kPa without the use of microstructuration and is conformal and sensitive to be utilized as a wrist-based heart-rate monitor...
April 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
T Vandecasteele, P Cornillie, K Vandevelde, A Logothetidou, L Couck, G van Loon, W Van den Broeck
Ganglia and telocytes were identified inside the porcine pulmonary veins wall near myocardial sleeve tissue at the atriopulmonary junction. These structures are reported to play a role in the initiation of pulses from outside the heart, which potentially can cause cardiac conduction disorders such as atrial fibrillation. In-depth knowledge on the fine structure of the pulmonary vein wall is a pre-requisite to better understand the underlying pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation and the origin and conduction of ectopic pulses...
April 19, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
Luca Sementa, Luca Larcher, Giovanni Barcaro, Monia Montorsi
We report ab initio results for sub-stoichiometric HfOx with different oxygen vacancy densities, useful in exploring microscopic mechanisms that govern the operation of RRAM devices. We demonstrate that oxygen vacancy filaments are energetically more stable than randomly distributed defects. Furthermore, the stability of the filaments increases with the number of confined oxygen vacancies. Energetic and structural analyses show that bonds between neighboring coordinative unsaturated Hf atoms promote filament stability, and electron trapping, due to electron injection, increases the cohesive energy until the injection is moderate...
April 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Luis Craco, Stefano Leoni
Transport properties of tetragonal iron monosulfide, mackinawite, show a range of complex features. Semiconductive behavior and proximity to metallic states with nodal superconductivity mark this d-band system as unconventional quantum material. Here, we use the density functional dynamical mean-field theory (DFDMFT) scheme to comprehensively explain why tetragonal FeS shows both semiconducting and metallic responses in contrast to tetragonal FeSe which is a pseudogaped metal above the superconducting transition temperature...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Julian Ds Willett, Marlon G Lawrence, Jennifer C Wilder, Oliver Smithies
In this study, we describe the experiments determining whether coating gold nanoparticles with tetraethylene glycol (TEG) provides pharmacologically relevant advantages, such as increased serum half-life and resistance to protein adsorption. Monodisperse TEG-coated, NaBH4-reduced gold nanoparticles with a hydrodynamic size comparable to albumin were synthesized by reducing gold chloride with NaBH4 under alkaline conditions in the presence of TEG-SH. The particles were characterized by gel electrophoresis, column chromatography, and transmission electron microscopy...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
S Ghannadzadeh, S Licciardello, S Arsenijević, P Robinson, H Takatsu, M I Katsnelson, N E Hussey
In many layered metals, coherent propagation of electronic excitations is often confined to the highly conducting planes. While strong electron correlations and/or proximity to an ordered phase are believed to be the drivers of this electron confinement, it is still not known what triggers the loss of interlayer coherence in a number of layered systems with strong magnetic fluctuations, such as cuprates. Here, we show that a definitive signature of interlayer coherence in the metallic-layered triangular antiferromagnet PdCrO2 vanishes at the Néel transition temperature...
April 13, 2017: Nature Communications
Pranab Biswas, Seong Rae Cho, Jong-Woo Kim, Sung-Doo Baek, Jae-Min Myoung
In this study, plasmonic silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs)-anchored ZnO nanorods (NRs) and nanotubes (NTs)-based UV photodetectors are demonstrated. Here, Ag NPs are synthesized and anchored by using a room-temperature photochemical method by exposing the precursor solution in UV radiation. In order to achieve stronger surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and minimum agglomeration, the photochemical method is optimized with precursor concentration of 5 mmol, UV intensity of 0.4 mW• cm-2, and exposure time of 30 min...
April 12, 2017: Nanotechnology
Chantelle Venter, Hester Magdalena Oberholzer, Franscious Riccardo Cummings, Megan Jean Bester
Heavy metal pollution has increased in the last decades. Water sources are contaminated and human exposure is often long term exposure to variable amounts of different metals. In this study, male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed via oral gavage for 28 days to cadmium (Cd) and chromium (Cr), alone and in combination at concentrations 1000 times the human World Health Organization's acceptable water limits. Rat equivalent dosages were used. Blood markers of liver and kidney function were measured, changes to cellular morphology was determined with transmission electron microscopy and the intracellular metal localisation was determined with the electron energy-loss spectroscopy and energy filtered transmission electron microscopy analysis...
April 12, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
Josef Stráský, Petr Harcuba, Kristína Václavová, Klaudia Horváth, Michal Landa, Ondřej Srba, Miloš Janeček
Low-modulus biomedical beta titanium alloys often suffer from low strength which limits their use as load-bearing orthopaedic implants. In this study, twelve different Ti-Nb-Zr-Ta based alloys alloyed with Fe, Si and O additions were prepared by arc melting and hot forging. The lowest elastic modulus (65GPa) was achieved in the benchmark TNTZ alloy consisting only of pure β phase with low stability due to the 'proximity' to the β to α'' martensitic transformation. Alloying by Fe and O significantly increased elastic modulus, which correlates with the electrons per atom ratio (e/a)...
April 2, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Robin P Puchert, Florian Steiner, Gerd Plechinger, Felix J Hofmann, Ines Caspers, Johanna Kirschner, Philipp Nagler, Alexey Chernikov, Christian Schüller, Tobias Korn, Jan Vogelsang, Sebastian Bange, John M Lupton
Few inventions have shaped the world like the incandescent bulb. Edison used thermal radiation from ohmically heated conductors, but some noble metals also exhibit 'cold' electroluminescence in percolation films, tunnel diodes, electromigrated nanoparticle aggregates, optical antennas or scanning tunnelling microscopy. The origin of this radiation, which is spectrally broad and depends on applied bias, is controversial given the low radiative yields of electronic transitions. Nanoparticle electroluminescence is particularly intriguing because it involves localized surface-plasmon resonances with large dipole moments...
April 10, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
Shanzhou Niu, Jing Huang, Zhaoying Bian, Dong Zeng, Wufan Chen, Gaohang Yu, Zhengrong Liang, Jianhua Ma
BCKGROUND: Accurate statistical model of the measured projection data is essential for computed tomography (CT) image reconstruction. The transmission data can be described by a compound Poisson distribution upon an electronic noise background. However, such a statistical distribution is numerically intractable for image reconstruction. OBJECTIVE: Although the sinogram data is easily manipulated, it lacks a statistical description for image reconstruction. To address this problem, we present an alpha-divergence constrained total generalized variation (AD-TGV) method for sparse-view x-ray CT image reconstruction...
April 5, 2017: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
Brian M Lindley, Quinton J Bruch, Peter S White, Faraj Hasanayn, Alexander J M Miller
The conversion of metal nitride complexes to ammonia may be essential to dinitrogen fixation. We report a new reduction pathway that utilizes ligating acids and metal-ligand cooperation to effect this conversion without external reductants. Weak acids such as 4-methoxybenzoic acid and 2-pyridone react with nitride complex [(H-PNP)RuN](+) (H-PNP = HN(CH2CH2P(t)Bu2)2) to generate octahedral ammine complexes that are κ(2)-chelated by the conjugate base. Experimental and computational mechanistic studies reveal the important role of Lewis basic sites proximal to the acidic proton in facilitating protonation of the nitride...
April 6, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Masahiro Yamamoto, Ryuhei Nakamura, Takafumi Kasaya, Hidenori Kumagai, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Ken Takai
Deep-sea hydrothermal vents discharge abundant reductive energy into oxidative seawater. Herein, we demonstrated that in situ measurements of redox potentials on the surfaces of active hydrothermal mineral deposits were more negative than the surrounding seawater potential, driving electrical current generation. We also demonstrated that negative potentials in the surface of minerals were widespread in the hydrothermal fields, regardless of the proximity to hydrothermal fluid discharges. Lab experiments verified that the negative potential of the mineral surface was induced by a distant electron transfer from the hydrothermal fluid through the metallic and catalytic properties of minerals...
April 5, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Un Jin Ryu, Sang Jun Kim, Hyung-Kyu Lim, Hyungjun Kim, Kyung Min Choi, Jeung Ku Kang
A metal-organic framework (MOF) is composed of secondary building units (SBUs) of metal ions and organic ligands to link each SBU. Moreover, the photosynthetic synthesis of a valuable CO chemical from carbon dioxide (CO2) represents an important class of appealing methods. Herein, we find that a molecular photocatalyst with high selectivity and activity can be designed via a fine balance in the proximity of Re complex (ReI(CO)3(BPYDC)(Cl), BPYDC = 2,2'-bipyridine-5,5'-dicarboxylate) and -NH2 functionalized multiple ligands composing a MOF photocatalyst, denoted as Re-MOF-NH2...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Cheng Zhang, Xiaozhang Zhu
Because of the tailorable photoelectric properties derived from judicious molecular design and large-area and low-temperature processability especially on flexible substrates, design and synthesis of new organic π-functional materials is always a central topic in the field of organic optoelectronics, which siginificantly contributed to the development of high-performance optoelectronic devices such as organic photovoltaics (OPVs), organic field-effect transistors (OFETs), and organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs)...
April 4, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
Petruta L Morvay, Myriam Baes, Paul P Van Veldhoven
The presence of peroxisomes in mammalian intestine has been revealed formerly by catalase staining combined with electron microscopy. Despite the central role of intestine in lipid uptake and the established importance of peroxisomes in different lipid-related pathways, few data are available on the physiological role of peroxisomes in intestinal metabolism, more specifically, α-, β-oxidation, and etherlipid synthesis. Hence, the peroxisomal compartment was analyzed in more detail in mouse intestine. On the basis of immunohistochemistry, the organelles are mainly confined to the epithelial cells...
March 29, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Soo Jeong Kim, Ye Won Jang, Kyung Eun Hyung, Da Kyoung Lee, Kee Hyeob Hyun, Seung Hwarn Jeong, Kyung Hoon Min, Wonku Kang, Ji Hoon Jeong, So-Young Park, Kwang Woo Hwang
In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the number and variety of electronic devices that emit electromagnetic waves. Because people live and work in close proximity to these pieces of electrical equipment, there is growing concern surrounding the destruction of homeostasis by electromagnetic field exposure. In the present study, the effects of 60 Hz 0.8 mT extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) on a macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7) were examined. Under defined ELF-EMF exposure conditions, the production of nitric oxide and pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6, were increased in RAW 264...
March 29, 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
Jennifer Hummel, Manfred Kössl, Manuela Nowotny
The tonotopically organized hearing organs of bushcrickets provide the opportunity for a detailed correlation of morphological and structural properties within hearing organs that are needed to establish tonotopic gradients. In the present study of a tonotopic insect hearing organ, we combine mechanical measurements of sound-induced hearing organ motion and detailed anatomical investigations to explore the anatomical basis of tonotopy. We compare mechanical data of frequency responses along the auditory organ to several anatomical parameters...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Joshua O Island, Rocco Gaudenzi, Joeri de Bruijckere, Enrique Burzurí, Carlos Franco, Marta Mas-Torrent, Concepció Rovira, Jaume Veciana, Teun M Klapwijk, Ramón Aguado, Herre S J van der Zant
Superconductors containing magnetic impurities exhibit intriguing phenomena derived from the competition between Cooper pairing and Kondo screening. At the heart of this competition are the Yu-Shiba-Rusinov (Shiba) states which arise from the pair breaking effects a magnetic impurity has on a superconducting host. Hybrid superconductor-molecular junctions offer unique access to these states but the added complexity in fabricating such devices has kept their exploration to a minimum. Here, we report on the successful integration of a model spin 1/2 impurity, in the form of a neutral and stable all organic radical molecule, in proximity-induced superconducting break junctions...
March 17, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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