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Hip Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783249/prognosis-of-ischaemic-heart-disease-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-dm-type-2-by-logistic-regression
#1
Alina Urbanovych, Halyna Suslyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) type 2 is an important medical and social problem all around the world. One of the most serious and widespread complications of DM type 2 is a damage to the cardiovascular system. The aim was to study the way of how to predict the IHD development in patients with the newly diagnosed DM type 2 by building a mathematical model with the help of statistical method, in particular, a logistic regression, which allows predicting the occurrence of IHD by the levels of proven biochemical and anthropometric indices...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782592/the-role-of-hybrid-bone-spect-ct-imaging-in-the-work-up-of-the-limping-patient-a-symptom-based-and-joint-oriented-review
#2
REVIEW
H K Mohan, K Strobel, W van der Bruggen, G Gnanasegaran, W U Kampen, T Kuwert, T Van den Wyngaert, F Paycha
A vast spectrum of lower limb bone and joint disorders (hip, knee, ankle, foot) present with a common clinical presentation: limping. Too often this symptom generates an inefficient cascade of imaging studies. This review attempts to optimise the diagnostic effectiveness of bone scintigraphy using the hybrid SPECT/CT technique in relation to the diagnostic clues provided by other imaging modalities, discusses the appropriate clinical indications, optimal scintigraphic procedures and illustrates updated image pattern-oriented reporting...
2018: Eur J Hybrid Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768366/case-report-a-rare-case-of-focal-myositis-presenting-as-sartorius-muscle-contracture-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Jin Wang, Juyang Jiao, Guanglei Zhao, Jingsheng Shi, Jun Xia
RATIONALE: Focal myositis (FM) is a very rare myopathy of unknown etiology characterized by focal enlargement within one single skeletal muscle. In particular, it occurs only involving the Sartorius muscle has never been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 25-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with progressive restricted left hip joint extension, left thigh discomfort and gait disturbance for 6 years. DIAGNOSES: Combining clinical manifestations with results of radiological and pathological examinations, it was consistent with the diagnosis of FM INTERVENTIONS:: The patient received a surgery under general anesthesia to release the contracted Sartorius tendon...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763815/gait-pathology-subtypes-are-not-associated-with-self-reported-fall-frequency-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#4
Elizabeth R Boyer, Aleksys Patterson
BACKGROUND: Trips and falls are common concerns reported by parents of children with cerebral palsy. Specific gait pathologies (excessive internal hip rotation, intoeing, and stiff knee gait) are anecdotally associated with higher rates of falls. RESEARCH QUESTION: Is fall frequency higher for the aforementioned gait pathologies? METHODS: Parent-reported fall frequency from 1063 children with cerebral palsy who also had a three-dimensional gait analysis was retrospectively reviewed...
May 5, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762118/pediatric-orthopaedic-consults-from-chiropractic-care
#5
Andy B Awwad, William L Hennrikus, Douglas G Armstrong
Alternative medicine in pediatrics is expanding, with chiropractic now a common choice for families seeking alternative medical care. Currently, there is sparse information in the literature exploring the role of chiropractic in orthopaedic pathology. The objective of this case series is to present pediatric patients who received treatment from chiropractors and orthopaedic physicians as well as to review the respective existing research. Data collected included chiropractic diagnosis, orthopaedic diagnosis, imaging studies, treatments, and complications...
2018: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734844/the-effect-of-patient-fracture-and-surgery-on-outcomes-of-high-energy-neck-of-femur-fractures-in-patients-aged-15-50
#6
Wayne Hoskins, Johnny Rayner, Rohan Sheehy, Harry Claireaux, Roger Bingham, Roselyn Santos, Andrew Bucknill, Xavier L Griffin
INTRODUCTION: High-energy femoral neck fractures in young patients can be devastating, with the risk of osteonecrosis, nonunion, malunion and lifelong morbidity. The aim of this study is to define the effects of patient, fracture and surgical factors on the outcome of high-energy femoral neck fractures in patients aged from 15 to 50 years. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of high-energy femoral neck fractures in patients aged 15-50 managed surgically at a Level 1 Trauma Centre, using a prospectively recorded trauma database...
May 1, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730209/posterior-bony-impingement-potential-mechanism-of-ligamentum-teres-tears
#7
Kostas Economopoulos, John O'Donnell
PURPOSE: To describe a potential causal mechanism of ligamentum teres (LT) tears, a specific treatment for posterior impingement of the LT, and to report the minimum 2-year outcome of this treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data collected from 1,251 hip arthroscopies performed by the senior surgeon over a 26-month period. During this time, 424 LT tears were identified including 9 patients with isolated partial LT tears caused by impingement of the LT against a prominent acetabular fossa posterior wall and no other intra-articular pathology...
May 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726692/midterm-outcomes-and-return-to-sports-among-athletes-undergoing-hip-arthroscopy
#8
Itay Perets, Matthew J Craig, Brian H Mu, David R Maldonado, Jody M Litrenta, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy is an established surgical treatment for pathologic hip conditions in athletes. There is a paucity in the literature regarding outcomes and return to sport for athletes in the midterm. PURPOSE: To report minimum 5-year outcomes, return to sport, and level of sport among athletic patients who underwent hip arthroscopy. In addition, we compared 2- and 5-year outcomes to evaluate whether there is a deterioration in functional status. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707055/diagnosing-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-amongst-various-medical-specialists
#9
A Lam, S A Boenerjous, Y Lo, J M Abzug, J Kurian, M C Liszewski, D E Sanderson, J M Scholnick, B H Taragin, J A Gomez, N Y Otsuka, R Hanstein
Purpose: To evaluate sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of a radiographic slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE)-diagnosis among medical specialists. Methods: Three paediatricians, three paediatric radiologists and three paediatric orthopaedic surgeons completed two rounds of a survey of anteroposterior and frog-leg lateral radiographs of patients with a diagnosis of SCFE (25), femoroacetabular impingement (four), Legg-Calvé-Perthes (11) or no hip pathology (ten)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707054/age-and-gender-specific-variations-of-the-epiphyseal-tilt-and-epiphyseal-angle-in-adolescents-without-hip-pathology
#10
E N Novais, K-P Kienle, P E Miller, G Bowen, Y-J Kim, S D Bixby
Purpose: To determine age-and gender-dependent variation of epiphyseal tilt and epiphyseal angle using CT in adolescents without hip pathology. Methods: Pelvic CT scans were obtained in 132 adolescents for evaluation of abdominal pain. Radially oriented planes around the femoral neck were reformatted and the epiphyseal tilt and angle were measured in the anterior, anterosuperior and superior planes. Variations in the tilt angle and epiphyseal angle were assessed by age group from 12 to 18 years and gender by using a linear mixed model analysis...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706289/urinary-antimicrobial-peptides-potential-novel-biomarkers-of-obstructive-uropathy
#11
S Gupta, A R Jackson, D G DaJusta, D J McLeod, S A Alpert, V R Jayanthi, K McHugh, A R Schwaderer, B Becknell, C B Ching
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have historically been evaluated for their role in protecting against uropathogens. However, there is mounting evidence to support their expression in noninfectious injury, with unclear meaning as to their function. It is possible that AMPs represent urothelial injury. Urinary tract obstruction is known to alter the urothelium; however, AMPs have not been evaluated for expression in this noninfectious injury. OBJECTIVE: A pilot study to compare urinary AMP expression in children undergoing surgical intervention for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) with nonobstructed controls...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704127/correlation-between-femoral-offset-loss-and-dynamic-hip-screw-cut-out-complications-after-pertrochanteric-fractures-a-case-control-study
#12
Baptiste Boukebous, Pascal Guillon, Eric Vandenbussche, Marc Antoine Rousseau
BACKGROUND: Screw-plates disassembly incidence after pertrochanteric fracture (PF) amounts to 1 and 16% among the elderly population. The main occurrence is early cervical screw cut-out. The population at highest risk of disassembly remains difficult to identify. The correlation between femoral offset loss and disassembly occurrence has never been surveyed. OBJECTIVES: A radiological prognosis score for screw plate disassembly was defined to reflect trochanteric impaction (TI); it was based on a femoral offset ratio...
April 27, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704023/radiological-analysis-of-cystic-lesion-in-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#13
Fuqiang Gao, Jun Han, Zike He, Zirong Li
PURPOSE: Cystic lesions are a common complication in osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). This study will discuss the cause of cystic lesion formation and the feature of cystic lesion distribution in ONFH. According to the feature of cystic lesion in ONFH, we will discuss the possible mechanisms of cystic lesions and their  influence on collapse of the femoral head. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively gathered 102 ONFH patients (168 hips) from November in 2015 to August in 2016 on China-Japan Friendship Hospital...
April 27, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703850/hospitalisation-cost-analysis-on-hip-fracture-in-china-a-multicentre-study-among-73-tertiary-hospitals
#14
Yilin Wang, Haoran Cui, Dianying Zhang, Peixun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To describe and analyse the hospitalisation cost of patients with hip fracture under the influence of various factors and to provide references for Chinese national medical insurance policy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All data were collected from the Chinese National Medical Data Centre database, which contained the hospitalisation data of 73 tertiary hospitals from 24 provinces. The included patients were first hospitalised with the main diagnosis of femoral neck or intertrochanteric fracture, and were discharged between 1 January 2014 and 31 December 2015...
April 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701087/the-positive-predictive-value-of-asymmetrical-skin-creases-in-the-diagnosis-of-pathological-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#15
M J Anderton, G R Hastie, R W Paton
Aims The aim of this study was to identify the association between asymmetrical skin creases of the thigh, buttock or inguinal region and pathological developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Patients and Methods Between 1 January 1996 and 31 December 2016, all patients referred to our unit from primary or secondary care with risk factors for DDH were assessed in a "one stop" clinic. All had clinical and sonographic assessment by the senior author (RWP) with the results being recorded prospectively...
May 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696063/the-response-of-intercellular-adhesion-molecule-1-to-exhaustive-submaximal-exercise-and-its-correlation-with-physiological-and-anthropometric-measures
#16
Hossein Taheri Chadorneshin, Ali Golestani, Fatemeh Jamali, Sakineh Mokhtari Motameni Shirvan, Hadi Sarir, Seyed Hosein Abtahi Eivary
Introduction: Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) acts as the main factor in the occurrence of atherosclerosis and inflammatory diseases. This study aimed to investigate the response of ICAM-1to exhaustive submaximal exercise and its correlation with maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), body fat percentage (BF %) and calories burned during exercise (CB) in healthy men. Materials and methods: Thirteen healthy men (mean ± standard deviation: age 23 ± 3 years, weight 78 ± 4 kg, height 180 ± 4 cm) cooperated in this quasi-experimental study and performed a single bout of exhaustive submaximal exercise on a cycle ergometer...
January 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669444/comparison-of-four-parameters-to-assess-acetabular-dysplasia-and-acetabular-dysplasia-rates-in-primary-hip-osteoarthritis-patients-a-study-in-turkish-population
#17
Oktay Adanir, Gazi Zorer
INTRODUCTION: Hip osteoarthritis is an important orthopedic problem frequently observed in the elderly. Acetabular dysplasia (AD) is one of the pathologies that cause coxarthrosis. Nearly 20-45% of primary or idiopathic hip osteoarthritis is linked to AD. In our country, there are few studies on this topic. We measured the center-edge (CE) angle, Sharp's angle, acetabular depth, and femoral head coverage ratio on pelvis anteroposterior radiographs of patients with primary coxarthrosis and calculated the dysplasia rates...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655493/hepatic-inflammatory-pseudotumor-related-with-igg4
#18
Oleksandr Legkiy, Justyna Wajda, Anna Ćwierz, Joanna Wysocka, Andrzej L Komorowski
BACKGROUND: Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor (HIP) related to IgG4 is a poorly understood entity. It is a rare finding that can simulate malignant liver tumors. Pathogenesis has been associated with pathological inflammatory response. Corticosteroids are considered standard of care once a firm diagnosis has been established. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 60-year-old man with chronic pancreatitis who was admitted to our hospital with suspicious liver tumor. Imaging studies were inconclusive...
April 11, 2018: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629541/clinical-and-pathologic-findings-of-korean-patients-with-ryr1-related-congenital-myopathy
#19
Ha Neul Jeong, Hyung Jun Park, Jung Hwan Lee, Ha Young Shin, Se Hoon Kim, Seung Min Kim, Young Chul Choi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate clinical and pathologic characteristics of five Korean patients with RYR1-related congenital myopathy (CM). METHODS: Five patients from unrelated families were diagnosed with RYR1-related CM via direct or targeted sequencing of RYR1. Their clinical, mutational, and pathologic findings were then analyzed. RESULTS: Seven different mutations were identified, including two novel mutations: c...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628687/megaprosthesis-versus-allograft-prosthesis-composite-for-massive-skeletal-defects
#20
REVIEW
Deepak Gautam, Rajesh Malhotra
Massive skeletal defects are encountered in the setting of tumors necessitating excision, failed total hip arthroplasty with periprosthetic bone loss, periprosthetic fracture, complex trauma, multiple failed osteosynthesis and infection. Reconstruction of the segmental defects poses a tremendous challenge to the orthopaedic surgeons. The goal of osseous reconstruction of these defects is to restore the bone length and function. Currently the most commonly employed methods for reconstruction are either a megaprosthesis or an Allograft Prosthesis Composite (APC)...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
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