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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163285/effects-of-phonological-training-on-the-reading-and-reading-related-abilities-of-hong-kong-children-with-dyslexia
#1
Li-Chih Wang
This study aimed to investigate phonological awareness training by examining outcomes among Chinese children who learn Chinese without phonetic system training. Fifty-six Hong Kong children from the 3rd to 6th grades were recruited. Two-thirds of the children had been officially identified as dyslexic by the local government, and the remainder were considered high risk for dyslexia. The children were divided equally into a control group and an experimental group, with the groups matched as closely as possible by age and gender...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162521/intrinsic-insula-network-engagement-underlying-children-s-reading-and-arithmetic-skills
#2
Ting-Ting Chang, Pei-Hong Lee, Arron W S Metcalfe
The neural substrates of children's reading and arithmetic skills have long been of great interest to cognitive neuroscientists. However, most previous studies have focused on the contrast between these skills as specific domains. Here, we investigate the potentially shared processes across these domains by focusing on how the neural circuits associated with cognitive control influence reading and arithmetic proficiency in 8-to-10-year-old children. Using a task-free resting state approach, we correlated the intrinsic functional connectivity of the right anterior insula (rAI) network with performance on assessments of Chinese character recognition, reading comprehension, subtraction, and multiplication performance...
November 18, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159990/context-effects-and-spoken-word-recognition-of-chinese-an-eye-tracking-study
#3
Michael C W Yip, Mingjun Zhai
This study examined the time-course of context effects on spoken word recognition during Chinese sentence processing. We recruited 60 native Mandarin listeners to participate in an eye-tracking experiment. In this eye-tracking experiment, listeners were told to listen to a sentence carefully, which ended with a Chinese homophone, and look at different visual probes (Chinese characters or different line-drawing pictures) presented concurrently on the computer screen naturally. Different types of context and probe types were manipulated in the experiment...
November 20, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158929/a-case-report-of-isolated-bilateral-cerebral-peduncular-infarction
#4
Chenguang Zhou, Yuanhong He, Xiaorui Tian, Zhiwen Chao, Yinghui Zhu, Du Cheng, Kui Li
Isolated bilateral cerebral peduncular infarctions (BCPI) presenting as acute pseudobulbar palsy are rarely reported and, to the best of our knowledge, most of the previous reports of BCPI were related to locked-in syndrome and disturbance of consciousness. Herein, we described a case of a 55-year-old man who presented with acute pseudobulbar palsy and mild tetraparesis, but preserved eye movements, with no consciousness disturbance. DWI revealed an acute infarction involving the central portion of the cerebral peduncle with a characteristic "traditional Chinese eight character" sign...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150618/lexical-processing-of-chinese-sub-character-components-semantic-activation-of-phonetic-radicals-as-revealed-by-the-stroop-effect
#5
Su-Ling Yeh, Wei-Lun Chou, Pokuan Ho
Most Chinese characters are compounds consisting of a semantic radical indicating semantic category and a phonetic radical cuing the pronunciation of the character. Controversy surrounds whether radicals also go through the same lexical processing as characters and, critically, whether phonetic radicals involve semantic activation since they can also be characters when standing alone. Here we examined these issues using the Stroop task whereby participants responded to the ink color of the character. The key finding was that Stroop effects were found when the character itself had a meaning unrelated to color, but contained a color name phonetic radical (e...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140846/punishment-eliminates-directed-forgetting-an-event-related-potential-study
#6
Zhi Ren, Xia Zou, Chuzhi You, Junlong Luo, Wei Liu
This study investigated motivational effect of reward and punishment on directed forgetting using the event-related potential technique. Participants were instructed to encode two-character words in Chinese, followed by the indicator of 'remember' or 'forget'. Then, participants were required accomplishing the judgment task of old and new words. The results suggest that (i) directed forgetting effect is significant in the punishment condition but not in the reward condition, and (ii) a positive amplitude is induced in the punishment condition but not in the reward condition...
November 14, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136002/the-role-of-character-positional-frequency-on-chinese-word-learning-during-natural-reading
#7
Feifei Liang, Hazel I Blythe, Xuejun Bai, Guoli Yan, Xin Li, Chuanli Zang, Simon P Liversedge
Readers' eye movements were recorded to examine the role of character positional frequency on Chinese lexical acquisition during reading and its possible modulation by word spacing. In Experiment 1, three types of pseudowords were constructed based on each character's positional frequency, providing congruent, incongruent, and no positional word segmentation information. Each pseudoword was embedded into two sets of sentences, for the learning and the test phases. In the learning phase, half the participants read sentences in word-spaced format, and half in unspaced format...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135459/tailoring-two-dimensional-nanoparticle-arrays-into-various-patterns
#8
Jinling Sun, Ying Wang, Jianhui Liao
A simple and effective technique has been developed to fabricate patterns of nanoparticle arrays. Lithographically fabricated structures in resists serve as scissors to tailor two-dimensional (2D) nanoparticle arrays on a flat poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) stamp. The desired patterns of nanoparticle arrays remaining on the PDMS stamp after tailoring can be printed onto solid substrates. Various regular nanoparticle patterns, such as squares, triangles, disks, and pentagons, can be easily prepared using this technique...
November 14, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134020/three-new-species-of-the-chinese-planthopper-genus-tetricodes-fennah-hemiptera-fulgoroidea-issidae-parahiraciini
#9
Zhi-Min Chang, Lin Yang, Jian-Kun Long, Xiang-Sheng Chen
The diagnostic characters of the Chinese planthopper genus Tetricodes Fennah, 1956 are redefined. Three new species of this genus, T. ansatus Chang & Chen, sp. n. (China: Guangxi), T. parvispinus Chang & Chen, sp. n. (China: Guizhou) and T. similis Chang & Chen, sp. n. (China: Guizhou) are described and illustrated. The female genitalia of the genus is described and illustrated for the first time. A checklist and key to the species of Tetricodes are given. The synonymy of Tetricodes songae Zhang & Chen, 2009 with Tetricodes polyphemus Fennah, 1956, syn...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127576/skipping-of-chinese-characters-does-not-rely-on-word-based-processing
#10
Nan Lin, Bernhard Angele, Huimin Hua, Wei Shen, Junyi Zhou, Xingshan Li
Previous eye-movement studies have indicated that people tend to skip extremely high-frequency words in sentence reading, such as "the" in English and "/de" in Chinese. Two alternative hypotheses have been proposed to explain how this frequent skipping happens in Chinese reading: one assumes that skipping happens when the preview has been fully identified at the word level (word-based skipping); the other assumes that skipping happens whenever the preview character is easy to identify regardless of whether lexical processing has been completed or not (character-based skipping)...
November 10, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124823/differences-between-child-and-adult-large-scale-functional-brain-networks-for-reading-tasks
#11
Xin Liu, Yue Gao, Qiqi Di, Jiali Hu, Chunming Lu, Yun Nan, James R Booth, Li Liu
Reading is an important high-level cognitive function of the human brain, requiring interaction among multiple brain regions. Revealing differences between children's large-scale functional brain networks for reading tasks and those of adults helps us to understand how the functional network changes over reading development. Here we used functional magnetic resonance imaging data of 17 adults (19-28 years old) and 16 children (11-13 years old), and graph theoretical analyses to investigate age-related changes in large-scale functional networks during rhyming and meaning judgment tasks on pairs of visually presented Chinese characters...
November 9, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124717/semantic-ambiguity-effects-on-traditional-chinese-character-naming-a-corpus-based-approach
#12
Ya-Ning Chang, Chia-Ying Lee
Words are considered semantically ambiguous if they have more than one meaning and can be used in multiple contexts. A number of recent studies have provided objective ambiguity measures by using a corpus-based approach and have demonstrated ambiguity advantages in both naming and lexical decision tasks. Although the predictive power of objective ambiguity measures has been examined in several alphabetic language systems, the effects in logographic languages remain unclear. Moreover, most ambiguity measures do not explicitly address how the various contexts associated with a given word relate to each other...
November 9, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109694/teaching-semantic-radicals-facilitates-inferring-new-character-meaning-in-sentence-reading-for-nonnative-chinese-speakers
#13
Thi Phuong Nguyen, Jie Zhang, Hong Li, Xinchun Wu, Yahua Cheng
This study investigates the effects of teaching semantic radicals in inferring the meanings of unfamiliar characters among nonnative Chinese speakers. A total of 54 undergraduates majoring in Chinese Language from a university in Hanoi, Vietnam, who had 1 year of learning experience in Chinese were assigned to two experimental groups that received instructional intervention, called "old-for-new" semantic radical teaching, through two counterbalanced sets of semantic radicals, with one control group. All of the students completed pre- and post-tests of a sentence cloze task where they were required to choose an appropriate character that fit the sentence context among four options...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089908/visual-antipriming-effect-evidence-from-chinese-character-identification
#14
Feng Zhang, Amanda J Fairchild, Xiaoming Li
Marsolek et al. (2006) have differentiated antipriming effects from priming effects, by adopting a novel priming paradigm comprised of four phases that include a baseline measurement. The general concept of antipriming supports the overlapping representation theory of knowledge. This study extended examination of the Marsolek et al. (2006) paradigm by investigating antipriming and priming effects in a series of Chinese character identification tasks. Results showed that identification accuracy of old characters was significantly higher than baseline measurements (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082684/-evolution-and-characteristics-of-system-assessing-quality-by-distinguishing-features-of-traditional-chinese-medicinal-materials-of-dao-di-herbs-of-astragali-radix
#15
Hua-Sheng Peng, He-Ting Zhang, Dai-Yin Peng, Ming-En Cheng, Liang-Ping Zha, Lu-Qi Huang
"Assessing the quality by distinguishing features of traditional Chinese medicinal materials" is a characteristic quality evaluation system of traditional Chinese medicine, and it is also the basis of "Rating according to characters and setting the price by the grade" on the market. Astragali Radix was regarded as a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and this paper has carried out herbal textual research on the development and formation of the concept, "assessing the quality by distinguishing features of traditional Chinese medicinal materials", of Astragali Radix...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071972/-bell-striking-saying-of-acupuncture-therapy
#16
Jing-Sheng Zhao
As an analogy, a prototype of "bell-striking" is proposed in the present paper for exploring the basic properties, major elements, and potential mechanisms of acupuncture stimulation. On the strength of analysis on the physiological basis of acupuncture effect, several fundamental aspects of acupuncture are summarized as a) the body-surface stimulating characters, b) general and local effects, and c) triggering the auto-regulative function of the organism, which mimics the "bell-striking" response. Namely, when stroke, bell will chime, otherwise, chiming will not be heard...
April 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070895/language-lateralization-during-the-chinese-semantic-task-relates-to-the-contralateral-cerebra-cerebellar-interactions-at-rest
#17
Qing Gao, Zhongping Tao, Lintao Cheng, Jinsong Leng, Junping Wang, Chunshui Yu, Huafu Chen
Aiming to investigate whether handedness-related language lateralization is related to the intrinsic resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) pattern within the language network, the present study integrated the information of functional activations during a semantic task of Chinese characters and FC in resting-state based on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data of healthy left handers (LH) and right handers (RH). RSFC was calculated on a voxel-based level between the seed regions chosen from functional activations during the task and the rest of the brain...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060201/an-eighty-target-high-speed-chinese-bci-speller
#18
Chengcheng Han, Guanghua Xu, Jun Xie, Min Li, Sicong Zhang, Ailing Luo
A high-speed Chinese Brain-computer interface (BCI) speller was designed and implemented in this paper. A visual stimulation method called the motion checkerboard stimulation was used to elicit steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSMVEP). With a 10 × 8 high-density matrix interface, phonetic symbols or Chinese characters (sinograms) were presented for selection, and only two selections per character were required. According to experiment results, the ITR of the eighty-target motion checkerboard paradigm achieved 99...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056862/recent-language-experience-influences-cross-language-activation-in-bilinguals-with-different-scripts
#19
Chuchu Li, Min Wang, Candise Y Lin
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine whether the phonological information in the non-target language is activated and its influence on bilingual processing. APPROACH: Using the Stroop paradigm, Mandarin-English bilinguals named the ink color of Chinese characters in English in Experiment 1 and named the Chinese characters in addition to the color naming in English in Experiment 2. Twenty-four participants were recruited in each experiment. In both experiments, the visual stimuli included color characters (e...
August 2017: International Journal of Bilingualism: Cross-disciplinary, Cross-linguistic Studies of Language Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051739/impaired-feedback-processing-for-symbolic-reward-in-individuals-with-internet-game-overuse
#20
Jinhee Kim, Hackjin Kim, Eunjoo Kang
Reward processing, which plays a critical role in adaptive behavior, is impaired in addiction disorders, which are accompanied by functional abnormalities in brain reward circuits. Internet gaming disorder, like substance addiction, is thought to be associated with impaired reward processing, but little is known about how it affects learning, especially when feedback is conveyed by less-salient motivational events. Here, using both monetary (±500 KRW) and symbolic (Chinese characters "right" or "wrong") rewards and penalties, we investigated whether behavioral performance and feedback-related neural responses are altered in Internet game overuse (IGO) group...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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