keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

“Chinese character”

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057160/-glabridin-reduces-lipopolysaccharide-induced-lung-injury-in-rats-by-inhibiting-p38-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-extracellular-regulated-protein-kinases-signaling-pathway
#1
L P Zhang, J G Li
Objective: To investigate whether glabridin has a beneficial effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in rats, and to explore the possible underlying mechanisms. Methods: Thirty-two Wistar rats were randomly assigned into control group, model group (LPS group), glabridin group (GLA group), and ulinastatin group (UTI group), with 8 rats in each group. ARDS rat model was reproduced by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (10 mg/kg). The rats in the control group received an equal volume of normal saline at the same times...
December 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032308/the-effect-of-pinyin-input-experience-on-the-link-between-semantic-and-phonology-of-chinese-character-in-digital-writing
#2
Jingjun Chen, Rong Luo, Huashan Liu
With the development of ICT, digital writing is becoming much more common in people's life. Differently from keyboarding alphabets directly to input English words, keyboarding Chinese character is always through typing phonetic alphabets and then identify the glyph provided by Pinyin input-method software while in this process which do not need users to produce orthography spelling, thus it is different from traditional written language production model based on handwriting process. Much of the research in this domain has found that using Pinyin input method is beneficial to Chinese characters recognition, but only a small part explored the effects of individual's Pinyin input experience on the Chinese characters production process...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025882/characterization-of-the-key-aroma-compounds-in-chinese-vidal-icewine-by-gas-chromatography-olfactometry-quantitative-measurements-aroma-recombination-and-omission-tests
#3
Yue Ma, Ke Tang, Yan Xu, Ji-Ming Li
The key aroma compounds of Chinese Vidal icewine were characterized by means of gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) on polar and non-polar columns, and their flavor dilution (FD) factors were determined by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA). A total of 59 odor-active aroma compounds in three ranks Vidal icewines were identified, and 28 odorants (FD ≥ 9) were further quantitated for aroma reconstitution and omission tests. β-Damascenone showed the highest FD value of 2187 in all icewines...
December 25, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025834/chinese-children-s-early-knowledge-about-writing
#4
Lan Zhang, Li Yin, Rebecca Treiman
Much research on literacy development has focused on learners of alphabetic writing systems. Researchers have hypothesized that children learn about the formal characteristics of writing before they learn about the relations between units of writing and units of speech. We tested this hypothesis by examining young Chinese children's understanding of writing. Mandarin-speaking 2- to 5-year-olds completed a graphic task, which tapped their knowledge about the formal characteristics of writing, and a phonological task, which tapped their knowledge about the correspondence between Chinese characters and syllables...
December 26, 2016: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018272/a-special-chinese-reading-acceleration-training-paradigm-to-enhance-the-reading-fluency-and-comprehension-of-chinese-children-with-reading-disabilities
#5
Li Dai, Chenchen Zhang, Xiangping Liu
According to a number of studies, use of a Reading Acceleration Program as reading intervention training has been demonstrated to improve reading speed and comprehension level effectively in most languages and countries. The objective of the current study was to provide further evidence of the effectiveness of a Reading Acceleration Program for Chinese children with reading disabilities using a distinctive Chinese reading acceleration training paradigm. The reading acceleration training paradigm is divided into a non-accelerated reading paradigm, a Character-accelerated reading paradigm and a Words-accelerated reading paradigm...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998212/skipping-of-the-very-high-frequency-structural-particle-de-in-chinese-reading
#6
Chuanli Zang, Manman Zhang, Xuejun Bai, Guoli Yan, Bernhard Angele, Simon P Liversedge
English readers do not fixate every word: during their first pass through a sentence they skip a third of the words (Rayner, 1998, 2009). How do readers decide whether to skip or fixate a word? Angele and Rayner (2013) showed that English readers base skipping decisions on the parafoveal information available, but not the sentential context. Due to the increased visual density of the language, Chinese readers may be able to process a parafoveal word and integrate it with the sentence context to a greater extent than English readers...
December 21, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992505/neural-signatures-of-the-reading-writing-connection-greater-involvement-of-writing-in-chinese-reading-than-english-reading
#7
Fan Cao, Charles A Perfetti
Research on cross-linguistic comparisons of the neural correlates of reading has consistently found that the left middle frontal gyrus (MFG) is more involved in Chinese than in English. However, there is a lack of consensus on the interpretation of the language difference. Because this region has been found to be involved in writing, we hypothesize that reading Chinese characters involves this writing region to a greater degree because Chinese speakers learn to read by repeatedly writing the characters. To test this hypothesis, we recruited English L1 learners of Chinese, who performed a reading task and a writing task in each language...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988714/review-of-the-genus-i-encolapta-i-meyrick-1913-lepidoptera-gelechiidae-helariini-from-china-with-descriptions-of-six-new-species
#8
Meiqing Yang, Houhun Li
Seventeen species of the genus Encolapta Meyrick, 1913 from China are reviewed. Six species are described as new: E. bifasciaria sp. nov., E. cornuta sp. nov., E. aciprojecta sp. nov., E. obliquata sp. nov., E. trapezoidea sp. nov. and E. lunata sp. nov.; the previously unknown female of E. marginans (Li et Zheng, 1998) is described for the first time; and one new combination, E. valvispinata (Li, 2002) comb. nov., is proposed. All these species are placed into two species groups based on morphological characters: the tegulifera-group and the epichthonia-group...
November 15, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988594/a-taxonomic-revision-of-the-genus-i-diplonevra-i-lioy-diptera-phoridae-from-china
#9
Guang-Chun Liu, Meng Yang
The Chinese species of Diplonevra are revised, with 16 recognised species from both the Oriental and Palaearctic parts of China. The following 8 species are described as new to science: D. corniculata sp. nov., D. trapezia sp. nov., D. vecticrassa sp. nov., D. lamella sp. nov., D. furcavectis sp. nov., D. brevicula sp. nov., D. triangulata sp. nov., D. spinibotra sp. nov. All known species are re-identified, re-described and illustrated. Diagnostic characters of the base of the posterior face of the hind trochanter and femur are depicted in detail...
December 4, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988448/particle-size-speciation-of-pu-isotopes-in-surface-soils-from-inner-mongolia-china-and-its-implications-for-asian-dust-monitoring
#10
Wei Dong, Jian Zheng, Qiuju Guo
To study the applications of Pu isotopes in long-distance dust migration monitoring, Pu isotopes in surface soil of Inner Mongolia have been analyzed using SF-ICP-MS after size fractionation. (240)Pu/(239)Pu atom ratios ranged narrowly (0.169-0.200) and indicated global fallout character, while (239+240)Pu activities increased with decreasing particle size. A spherical model could well simulate (239+240)Pu activities as a function of particle diameter when soil particle size was less than 600µm, and the soil particle surface sorption phenomenon of Pu isotopes in natural soil samples was revealed...
February 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973992/character-complexity-effects-in-chinese-reading-and-visual-search-a-comparison-and-theoretical-implications
#11
Lili Yu, Qiaoming Zhang, Caspian Priest, Erik D Reichle, Heather Sheridan
Three eye-movement experiments were conducted to examine how the complexity of characters in Chinese words (i.e., number of strokes per character) influences their processing and eye-movement behavior. In Experiment 1, English speakers with no significant knowledge of Chinese searched for specific low-, medium-, and high-complexity target characters in a multi-page narrative containing characters of varying complexity (3-16 strokes). Fixation durations and skipping rates were influenced by the visual complexity of both the target characters and the characters being searched, with the latter findings replicating previous reports (e...
December 15, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967331/the-processing-of-chinese-compound-words-with-ambiguous-morphemes-in-sentence-context
#12
Wei Shen, Xingshan Li, Alexander Pollatsek
We employed a boundary paradigm to investigate how Chinese two-character compound words are processed during sentence reading. The first character of the compound words was an ambiguous morpheme which had a dominant and subordinate meaning. In Experiment 1, there were three previews of the second character: (a) identical to the target character; (b) the preview of the second character provided subordinate biasing information (the Subordinate condition); (c) the preview of the second character provided dominant biasing information (the Dominant condition)...
December 14, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957401/bamboo-tea-reduction-of-taxonomic-complexity-and-application-of-dna-diagnostics-based-on-rbcl-and-matk-sequence-data
#13
Thomas Horn, Annette Häser
BACKGROUND: Names used in ingredient lists of food products are trivial and in their nature rarely precise. The most recent scientific interpretation of the term bamboo (Bambusoideae, Poaceae) comprises over 1,600 distinct species. In the European Union only few of these exotic species are well known sources for food ingredients (i.e., bamboo sprouts) and are thus not considered novel foods, which would require safety assessments before marketing of corresponding products. In contrast, the use of bamboo leaves and their taxonomic origin is mostly unclear...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940605/temporal-processing-development-in-chinese-primary-school-aged-children-with-dyslexia
#14
Li-Chih Wang, Hsien-Ming Yang
This study aimed to investigate the development of visual and auditory temporal processing among children with and without dyslexia and to examine the roles of temporal processing in reading and reading-related abilities. A total of 362 Chinese children in Grades 1-6 were recruited from Taiwan. Half of the children had dyslexia, and the other half were typically developing children who matched the dyslexic group on age, intelligence, and gender. Our results indicate that for typically developing children, the visual and auditory modalities follow the same developmental trend: The children in first and second grades performed significantly worse than the older children...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935389/the-effect-of-interaction-anxiousness-scale-and-brief-social-phobia-scale-for-screening-social-anxiety-disorder-in-college-students-a-study-on-discriminative-validity
#15
Jianqin Cao, Jinwei Yang, Yuqiu Zhou, Fuliu Chu, Xiwu Zhao, Weiren Wang, Yunlong Wang, Tao Peng
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one of the most prevalent mental health problems, but there is little research concerning the effective screening instruments in practice. METHODS: This study was designed to examine the discriminative validity of Interaction Anxiousness Scale (IAS) and Brief Social Phobia Scale (BSPS) for the screening of SAD through the compared and combined analysis. Firstly, 421 Chinese undergraduates were screened by the IAS and BSPS...
December 2016: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918738/venous-thromboembolism-after-oral-and-maxillofacial-oncologic-surgery-report-and-analysis-of-14-cases-in-chinese-population
#16
Y Wang, J Liu, X Yin, J Hu, E Kalfarentzos, C Zhang, L Xu
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) is a leading cause of death in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to explore the potential risk factor of VTE in oral and maxillofacial oncological surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data of patients who received operation in our institution were gathered in this retrospective study. A diagnosis of VTE was screened and confirmed by computer tomography angiography (CTA) of pulmonary artery or ultrasonography examination of lower extremity...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899121/meta-analysis-of-the-clinical-and-laboratory-parameters-of-sfts-patients-in-china
#17
Miao-Miao Liu, Xiao-Ying Lei, Xue-Jie Yu
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging hemorrhagic fever in East Asia, which is caused by a novel bunyavirus-SFTSV. Many studies have reported the clinical characters of SFTS patients, but the reports were not consistent and a systematic summary of clinical manifestations and laboratory parameters are not available. METHOD: A comprehensive literature research of Web of Science, PubMed, Wan Fang Data, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases was conducted on articles which have described the clinical characters of SFTS patients...
November 29, 2016: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877008/detection-of-alk-translocation-in-non-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-nsclc-and-its-clinicopathological-significance-using-the-ventana-immunohistochemical-staining-method-a-single-center-large-scale-investigation-of-1-504-chinese-han-patients
#18
Lin Yang, Yun Ling, Lei Guo, Di Ma, Xuemin Xue, Bingning Wang, Junling Li, Jianming Ying
OBJECTIVE: The novel fully automated immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay-Ventana anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-D5F3 for screening ALK rearrangements has been approved by China's Food and Drug Administration in 2013, our previous study disclosed a highly specificity and sensitivity nearly 100%, and its efficacy needs to be evaluated in a large cohort of primary lung adenocarcinoma patients, and to compare clinicopathological features with ALK (+) and ALK (-) lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: A total of 1,504 consecutive surgical lung adenocarcinoma cases of Chinese Han population were collected and re-diagnosed according to the 2011 multidisciplinary classification of lung adenocarcinoma...
October 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876850/dna-barcoding-of-mobulid-ray-gill-rakers-for-implementing-cites-on-elasmobranch-in-china
#19
Yan Zeng, Zhongze Wu, Chunguang Zhang, Zhibin Meng, Zhigang Jiang, Jie Zhang
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) has been counted on for conserving threatened marine fish since it regulates the commercial international trade of these species. Implementation of the international treaty for Mantas included on CITES Appendix II is challenging due to insufficient information on species identification and markets management. To fill the gap in such aspects, we identified five species of Mobulid rays (Mobula spps. and Manta spp) by using COI and NADH2 mtDNA markers in dried ray gill rakers from Chinese markets, namely, Mobula japonica (representing 54...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870903/rdna-loci-evolution-in-the-genus-glechoma-lamiaceae
#20
Tae-Soo Jang, Jamie McCann, John S Parker, Koji Takayama, Suk-Pyo Hong, Gerald M Schneeweiss, Hanna Weiss-Schneeweiss
Glechoma L. (Lamiaceae) is distributed in eastern Asia and Europe. Understanding chromosome evolution in Glechoma has been strongly hampered by its small chromosomes, constant karyotype and polyploidy. Here phylogenetic patterns and chromosomal variation in Glechoma species are considered, using genome sizes, chromosome mapping of 5S and 35S rDNAs by fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), and phylogenetic analyses of internal transcribed spacers (nrITS) of 35S rDNA and 5S rDNA NTS sequences. Species and populations of Glechoma are tetraploid (2n = 36) with base chromosome number of x = 9...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
94785
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"