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“Chinese character”

Harry K S Chung, Jacklyn C Y Leung, Vienne M Y Wong, Janet H Hsiao
Holistic processing (HP) has long been considered a characteristic of right hemisphere (RH) processing. Indeed, holistic face processing is typically associated with left visual field (LVF)/RH processing advantages. Nevertheless, expert Chinese character recognition involves reduced HP and increased RH lateralization, presenting a counterexample. Recent modeling research suggests that RH processing may be associated with an increase or decrease in HP, depending on whether spacing or component information was used respectively...
May 15, 2018: Cognition
Jieying Li, Liyong Wu, Yi Tang, Aihong Zhou, Fen Wang, Yi Xing, Jianping Jia
BACKGROUND: Posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) is a group of clinical syndromes characterized by visuospatial and visuoperceptual impairment, with memory relatively preserved. Although PCA is pathologically almost identical to Alzheimer's disease (AD), they have different cognitive features. Those differences have only rarely been reported in any Chinese population. The purpose of the study is to establish neuropsychological tests that distinguish the clinical features of PCA from early onset AD (EOAD)...
May 10, 2018: BMC Neurology
W Xin, P C Shen, C C Zheng, Y Liu, D Xu
Objective: This study investigates the effect of simplified and traditional Chinese character on accommodative microfluctuation in young adult myopes and emmetropes. Methods: Prospective cohort study. Based on refractive errors, Young adult candidates (18-28 years) were classified into two groups based on their spherical equivalent degrees: emmetropes ( n= 18), myopes ( n= 18). Four different reading targets (12pt size simplified and traditional Chinese characters, and 8pt size simplified and traditional Chinese characters) were displayed on computer screen collectively for 135s...
April 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Yi Ding, Ru-De Liu, Catherine A McBride, Chung-Hau Fan, Le Xu, Jia Wang
This study examined pinyin (the official phonetic system that transcribes the lexical tones and pronunciation of Chinese characters) invented spelling and English invented spelling in 72 Mandarin-speaking 6th graders who learned English as their second language. The pinyin invented spelling task measured segmental-level awareness including syllable and phoneme awareness, and suprasegmental-level awareness including lexical tones and tone sandhi in Chinese Mandarin. The English invented spelling task manipulated segmental-level awareness including syllable awareness and phoneme awareness, and suprasegmental-level awareness including word stress...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
X Y Gu, R S Zheng, K X Sun, S W Zhang, H M Zeng, X N Zou, W Q Chen, J He
Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in China based on the cancer registry data in 2014, collected by the National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR). Methods: There were 449 cancer registries submitted cervical cancer incidence and deaths in 2014 to NCCR. After evaluating the data quality, 339 registries' data were accepted for analysis and stratified by areas (urban/rural) and age group. Combined with data on national population in 2014, the nationwide incidence and mortality of cervical cancer were estimated...
April 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Yanchen Zhao, Guodong Ren, Zhiqiang Cheng, Guangzhen Huang, Jing Li
The history of taxonomy of Aulacochilus from China was reviewed. A key based on adult characters to separate the Chinese species of this genus is presented. A map of the collecting sites in China is given. One new species, Aulacochilus xingtaiensis sp. nov., from China is described and illustrated.
March 1, 2018: Journal of Insect Science
Bo Zhang, Sheng He, Xuchu Weng
In human occipitotemporal cortex, category-specific processing for visual objects seems to involve pairs of cortical regions, often with one located in the occipital cortex and another more anteriorly. We investigated whether such an arrangement might be the case for visual word processing. In addition to the Visual Word Form Area (VWFA) located in the occipitotemporal sulcus, we observed that another region in occipital lobe with robust responses to written words (Chinese characters). The current fMRI study investigated this area's precise location and its functional selectivity using Chinese characters and other categories of visual images (cars, chairs and insects)...
April 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
Sujian Pei, Yanmin Lu, Haipeng Liu, Xiaojie Hou, Huiqin Ma
Lithobius (Ezembius) tetraspinus sp. n. (Lithobiomorpha: Lithobiidae), recently discovered from Hami City, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, NW China, is described. Morphologically this species resembles L. (E.) sibiricus, Gersfeldt, 1858, but is distinguishable by a different coxal pore formula, absence of accessory spurs on leg 15, morphology of the second article of the female gonopod, and legs 14 plectrotaxy. A table of the main morphological characters of Chinese Lithobius (Ezembius) species is presented.
2018: ZooKeys
Huiqin Ma, Yanmin Lu, Haipeng Liu, Xiaojie Hou, Sujian Pei
Hessebius luculentus sp. n. (Lithobiomorpha: Lithobiidae), recently discovered from Shandan County, Zhangye City, Province Gansu, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China, is described. Morphologically it resembles H. jangtseanus (Verhoeff, 1942), but can be easily distinguished from the latter by size of Tömösváry's organ's, the morphological characters of a protuberance on the dorsal end of the second article of the female gonopods; and obvious differences in the dorsal plectrotaxy of both the 14th and 15th legs. The main morphological characters and a key to the known Chinese species of genus Hessebius based on adult specimens are presented...
2018: ZooKeys
Lizhi Wang, Jing Xue, Xiaochen Li
The new species from the Liupan Mountains in China, Pseudechiniscus xiai sp. nov., differs from other Pseudechiniscus species by the following characters: absence of striae between dots which institute cuticular sculpture, projections absent on caudal margin of pseudosegmental plate, notches absent on caudal margin of terminal plate, dots on ventral side of body forms a reticular patched design. A diagnostic key to the Chinese Pseudechiniscus species is provided.
March 1, 2018: Zootaxa
Wei-Xiang Lv, Cai-Yun Zhao, Hong-Zhang Zhou
This paper treats the Stenus tenuimargo group (Coleoptera: Steninae) from China and includes descriptions of two new species: Stenus nabanhensis Lv et Zhou, sp. nov., from Yunnan Province and Stenus zhangyejunianus Lv et Zhou, sp. nov., from Sichuan Province. Their diagnostic characters are illustrated and a key to all Chinese species of the group is provided.
March 16, 2018: Zootaxa
Daoyuan Yu, Louis Deharveng
Two new species of Tomocerus are described from caves in Guizhou and Guangxi Province, China. Tomocerus troglodytes sp. nov. is highly troglomorphic. It belongs to the kinoshitai complex, and is most similar to another eyeless and colourless species Tomocerus caecus, from which it differs as it has longer antennae; 2,2/2,2/2+2/0 versus 2,2/2,5/0/0 cephalic dorsal chaetotaxy formula; 6 versus 4 central macrochaetae on Th. II; 0 versus 2 ungual teeth; unguis devoid of baso-internal ridges; 3-5/3-5, I, 0-1, I versus 4-5/1-2,I-II,0-1,I-II dental spines formula; 2-4 versus 1 tenacular chaetae; and 0 versus 1 mucronal intermediate teeth...
April 3, 2018: Zootaxa
Ji-Hua Xu, Chang-Hai Sun, Bei-Xin Wang
Twenty-one individuals of Hydropsyche from An-hui and Zhe-jiang Provinces, China, were examined and their DNA barcode sequences were generated and analyzed. The larvae and males of H. arion, H. columnata, H. simulata, and H. trifora were associated by mtCOI gene sequences. The larvae of H. arion, H. columnata, and H. trifora are described in detail and their diagnostic photographs are provided. Character photographs of the H. simulata larva are also presented. A key to 5th instar larvae of 15 species of Chinese Hydropsyche is provided...
January 17, 2018: Zootaxa
Zhi-Teng Chen, Yu-Zhou Du
The first checklist of the known stonefly genera of China is presented. Using relevant literature and available specimens, a diagnostic key to the ten families representing 65 genera is provided. In addition, illustrations for the key characters are provided.
January 23, 2018: Zootaxa
Chenghua Zhang, Wangqiu Deng, Wenjuan Yan, Taihui Li
Cordyceps guangdongensis is an edible fungus which was approved as a novel food by the Chinese Ministry of Public Health in 2013. It also has a broad prospect of application in pharmaceutical industries, with many medicinal activities. In this study, the whole genome of C. guangdongensis GD15, a single spore isolate from a wild strain, was sequenced and assembled with Illumina and PacBio sequencing technology. The generated genome is 29.05 Mb in size, comprising nine scaffolds with an average GC content of 57...
April 17, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Hongkai Wang, Xiaobang Sun, Tongning Wu, Congsheng Li, Zhonghua Chen, Meiying Liao, Mengci Li, Wen Yan, Hui Huang, Jia Yang, Ziyu Tan, Libo Hui, Yue Liu, Hang Pan, Yue Qu, Zhaofeng Chen, Liwen Tan, Lijuan Yu, Hongcheng Shi, Li Huo, Yanjun Zhang, Xin Tang, Shaoxiang Zhang, Changjian Liu
In recent years, there has been increasing demand for personalized anatomy modelling for medical and industrial applications, such as ergonomics device development, clinical radiological exposure simulation, biomechanics analysis, and 3D animation character design. In this study, we constructed deformable torso phantoms that can be deformed to match the personal anatomy of Chinese male and female adults. The phantoms were created based on a training set of 79 trunk computed tomography (CT) images (41 males and 38 females) from normal Chinese subjects...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
Hsu-Wen Huang, Chia-Ying Lee
In English, an extensive body of work in both behavioral and neuropsychological domains has produced strong evidence that homonymy (words with many distinct meanings) and polysemy (many related senses) are represented, retrieved, and processed differently in the human brain. In Chinese, most words are compounds, and the constituent characters within a compound word can have different meanings and/or related senses on their own. Thus, in order to resolve lexical ambiguity in Chinese, one has to consider the composition of constituent characters, as well as how they contribute to whole word reading, known as "sublexical ambiguity...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Cuicui Wang, Yun Li, Xuan Luo, Qingguo Ma, Weizhong Fu, Huijian Fu
Online ratings impose significant effects on the behaviors of potential customers. Thus, online merchants try to adopt strategies that affect this rating behavior, and most of these strategies are connected to money, such as the strategies of returning cash coupons if a consumer gives a five-star rating (RI strategy, an acronym for "returning" and "if") or returning cash coupons directly with no additional requirements (RN strategy, an acronym for "returning" and "no")...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Xiaoxi Wang, Xie Ma, Yun Tao, Yachen Tao, Hong Li
Prior studies indicate that the semantic radical in Chinese characters contains category information that can support the independent retrieval of category information through the lexical network to the conceptual network. Inductive reasoning relies on category information; thus, semantic radicals may influence inductive reasoning. As most natural concepts are hierarchically structured in the human brain, this study examined how semantic radicals impact inductive reasoning for hierarchical concepts. The study used animal and plant nouns, organized in basic, superordinate, and subordinate levels; half had a semantic radical and half did not...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
Tianyin Liu, Su-Ling Yeh, Janet H Hsiao
The left-side bias (LSB) effect observed in face and expert Chinese character perception is suggested to be an expertise marker for visual object recognition. However, in character perception this effect is limited to characters printed in a familiar font (font-sensitive LSB effect). Here we investigated whether the LSB and font-sensitive LSB effects depend on participants' familiarity with global structure or local component information of the stimuli through examining their transfer effects across simplified and traditional Chinese scripts: the two Chinese scripts share similar overall structures but differ in the visual complexity of local components in general...
2018: PloS One
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