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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494835/validation-of-the-simplified-chinese-character-version-of-the-international-physical-activity-questionnaire-long-form-in-urban-community-dwelling-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-in-hangzhou-china
#1
Yan Jun Ren, Meng Su, Qing Min Liu, Ya Yun Tan, Yu Kun DU, Li Ming Li, Jun Lyu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the test-retest reliability and criterion validity of the Simplified Chinese-character version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Long form (IPAQ-L) in urban community-dwelling adults in Hanghzou, China. METHODS: A total of 158 eligible participants aged 25-59 years from 6 neighbourhoods in two central districts of Hangzhou completed the IPAQ-L questionnaire twice within a 7-day interval. Half of the subjects wore pedometers during the first 7 days...
April 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449488/clinicopathological-features-of-chinese-lung-cancer-patients-with-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutation
#2
Hui Ning, Ming Liu, Lina Wang, Yang Yang, Nan Song, Xiaoxiong Xu, Jin Ju, Gening Jiang
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene was the major causative gene of lung cancer and also the specific treatment target. It is necessary to analyze the genotype and phenotype characters of patients. METHODS: We investigated 1,034 lung cancer patients in this study. The collected clinicopathological parameters included gender, age at diagnosis, smoking status, pathological TNM stage, tumor morphology and location, visceral pleural invasion as well as histological type...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438684/two-spliced-isoforms-of-the-sex-determination-gene-fruitless-in-the-chinese-mitten-crab-eriocheir-sinensis
#3
Peiyao Li, Yuan Liu, Danli Luo, Chengwen Song, Zhaoxia Cui
The fruitless (fru) gene plays an important role in the sex determination pathway and courtship behavior of Drosophila melanogaster. In the present study, two fru isoforms (Esfru1 and Esfru2) were identified from the Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis. Sequence analysis showed that Esfru1 and Esfru2 were encoded by the same genomic locus and generated by alternative splicing of pre-mRNA. Esfru1 had all introns completely spliced out, while Esfru2 had a longer exon1 with an additional 78bp sequence. They both contained a conserved BTB domain which was also found in D...
April 22, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436845/drawing-and-recognizing-chinese-characters-with-recurrent-neural-network
#4
Xu-Yao Zhang, Fei Yin, Yan-Ming Zhang, Cheng-Lin Liu, Yoshua Bengio
Recent deep learning based approaches have achieved great success on handwriting recognition. Chinese characters are among the most widely adopted writing systems in the world. Previous research has mainly focused on recognizing handwritten Chinese characters. However, recognition is only one aspect for understanding a language, another challenging and interesting task is to teach a machine to automatically write (pictographic) Chinese characters. In this paper, we propose a framework by using the recurrent neural network (RNN) as both a discriminative model for recognizing Chinese characters and a generative model for drawing (generating) Chinese characters...
April 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436635/-application-progress-on-near-infrared-spectroscopy-in-quality-control-and-process-monitoring-of-traditional-chinese-medicine
#5
Wenlong Li, Haibin Qu
The industry of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) encounters problems like quality fluctuation of raw materials and unstandardized production process. Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy technology is widely used in quality control of TCM because of its abundant information, fast and nondestructive characters. The main applications include quantitative analysis of Chinese medicinal materials, intermediates and Chinese patent medicines; the authenticity of TCM, species, origins and manufacturers; monitoring and control of the extraction, alcohol precipitation, column chromatography and blending process...
January 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424638/the-acquisition-of-orthographic-knowledge-evidence-from-the-lexicality-effects-on-n400
#6
Yu-Lin Tzeng, Chun-Hsien Hsu, Yu-Chen Huang, Chia-Ying Lee
This study aimed to understand how reading ability shapes the lexicality effects on N400. Fifty-three typical developing children from the second to the sixth grades were asked to perform the pronounceability judgment task on a set of Chinese real characters (RC), pseudocharacters (PC) and non-characters (NC), as ERPs were recorded. The cluster-based permutation analysis revealed that children with low- to medium-reading ability showed greater negativity to NCs than to RCs and PCs in frontal sites from 300 to 450 ms, while children with high ability group showed a greater positivity to NCs than both RCs and PCs at central to posterior sites...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408895/character-decomposition-and-transposition-processes-of-chinese-compound-words-in-rapid-serial-visual-presentation
#7
Hong-Wen Cao, Ke-Yu Yang, Hong-Mei Yan
Character order information is encoded at the initial stage of Chinese word processing, however, its time course remains underspecified. In this study, we assess the exact time course of the character decomposition and transposition processes of two-character Chinese compound words (canonical, transposed, or reversible words) compared with pseudowords using dual-target rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) of stimuli appearing at 30 ms per character with no inter-stimulus interval. The results indicate that Chinese readers can identify words with character transpositions in rapid succession; however, a transposition cost is involved in identifying transposed words compared to canonical words...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400723/electrophysiological-correlates-of-familiarity-and-recollection-in-associative-recognition-contributions-of-perceptual-and-conceptual-processing-to-unitization
#8
Bingcan Li, Xinrui Mao, Yujuan Wang, Chunyan Guo
It is generally accepted that associative recognition memory is supported by recollection. In addition, recent research indicates that familiarity can support associative memory, especially when two items are unitized into a single item. Both perceptual and conceptual manipulations can be used to unitize items, but few studies have compared these two methods of unitization directly. In the present study, we investigated the effects of familiarity and recollection on successful retrieval of items that were unitized perceptually or conceptually...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393856/toward-a-scientific-understanding-of-the-effectiveness-material-basis-and-prescription-compatibility-of-a-chinese-herbal-formula-dan-hong-injection
#9
Panlin Li, Weiwei Su, Sha Yun, Yiqiu Liao, Yinyin Liao, Hong Liu, Peibo Li, Yonggang Wang, Wei Peng, Hongliang Yao
Since traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a complex mixture of multiple components, the application of methodologies for evaluating single-components Western medicine in TCM studies may have certain limitations. Appropriate strategies that recognize the integrality of TCM and connect to TCM theories remain to be developed. Here we use multiple unique approaches to study the scientific connotation of a TCM formula Dan-hong injection (DHI) without undermining its prescription integrity. The blood circulation improving and healing promoting effects of DHI were assessed by a qi stagnation blood stasis rat model and a mouse model of laser irradiation induced cerebral microvascular thrombosis...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393351/whole-exome-sequencing-identifies-a-homozygous-donor-splice-site-mutation-in-stag3-that-causes-primary-ovarian-insufficiency
#10
Wen-Bin He, Santasree Banerjee, Lan-Lan Meng, Juan Du, Fei Gong, Hui Huang, Xin-Xin Zhang, Yan-Yan Wang, Guang-Xiu Lu, Ge Lin, Yue-Qiu Tan
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is the depletion or loss of normal ovarian function, which cause infertility in women before the age of 40 years. Two homozygous germline truncation mutations in STAG3 gene had been reported to causes POI in consanguineous families. Here, we aimed to identify the genetic cause of POI in two affected sisters manifested with primary amenorrhea and partial development of secondary sexual characters with normal range of height of a consanguineous Han Chinese family. Whole exome and Sanger sequencing identified a homozygous donor splice site mutation (NM_012447...
April 10, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383103/relative-expertise-affects-n170-during-selective-attention-to-superimposed-face-character-images
#11
Chengteng Ip, Hailing Wang, Shimin Fu
It remains unclear whether the N170 of ERPs reflects domain-specific or domain-general visual object processing. In this study, we used superimposed images of a face and a Chinese character such that participants' relative expertise for the two object types was either similar (Experiment 1 and 2) or different (Experiment 3). Experiment 1 showed that N170 amplitude was larger when participants attended to the character instead of the face of a face-character combination. This result was unchanged in Experiment 2, in which task difficulty was selectively increased for the face component of the combined stimuli...
April 6, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371716/bacillus-licheniformis-affects-the-microbial-community-and-metabolic-profile-in-the-spontaneous-fermentation-of-daqu-starter-for-chinese-liquor-making
#12
Peng Wang, Qun Wu, Xuejian Jiang, Zhiqiang Wang, Jingli Tang, Yan Xu
Chinese liquor is produced from spontaneous fermentation starter (Daqu) that provides the microbes, enzymes and flavors for liquor fermentation. To improve the flavor character of Daqu, we inoculated Bacillus licheniformis and studied the effect of this strain on the community structure and metabolic profile in Daqu fermentation. The microbial relative abundance changed after the inoculation, including the increase in Bacillus, Clavispora and Aspergillus, and the decrease in Pichia, Saccharomycopsis and some other genera...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361436/the-effect-of-character-contextual-diversity-on-eye-movements-in-chinese-sentence-reading
#13
Qingrong Chen, Guoxia Zhao, Xin Huang, Yiming Yang, Michael K Tanenhaus
Chen, Huang, et al. (Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 2017) found that when reading two-character Chinese words embedded in sentence contexts, contextual diversity (CD), a measure of the proportion of texts in which a word appears, affected fixation times to words. When CD is controlled, however, frequency did not affect reading times. Two experiments used the same experimental designs to examine whether there are frequency effects of the first character of two-character words when CD is controlled. In Experiment 1, yoked triples of characters from a control group, a group matched for character CD that is lower in frequency, and a group matched in frequency with the control group, but higher in character CD, were rotated through the same sentence frame...
March 30, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349366/the-inversion-effect-for-chinese-characters-is-modulated-by-radical-organization
#14
Canhuang Luo, Wei Chen, Ye Zhang
In studies of visual object recognition, strong inversion effects accompany the acquisition of expertise and imply the involvement of configural processing. Chinese literacy results in sensitivity to the orthography of Chinese characters. While there is some evidence that this orthographic sensitivity results in an inversion effect, and thus involves configural processing, that processing might depend on exact orthographic properties. Chinese character recognition is believed to involve a hierarchical process, involving at least two lower levels of representation: strokes and radicals...
June 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348582/genetic-background-and-clinical-characters-of-pediatric-chronic-pancreatitis-data-and-implications-from-the-east
#15
Muyun Liu, Tian Xia, Di Zhang, Lianghao Hu, Zhuan Liao, Chang Sun, Zhaoshen Li
Background. The clinical pattern and genetic background of juvenile idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (ICP) are yet unclear. Methods. A retrospective study of 73 Chinese juvenile ICP patients was performed, and genetic tests were carried out to detect relevant mutations using direct sequencing technique and high-resolution melting technique. Subjects without pancreatitis served as controls. Results. The SPINK1 c.194+2T>C variant was present in 56.16% and 42.00% of juvenile and adult ICP patients, respectively (p = 0...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348536/the-interaction-between-central-and-peripheral-processing-in-chinese-handwritten-production-evidence-from-the-effect-of-lexicality-and-radical-complexity
#16
Qingfang Zhang, Chen Feng
The interaction between central and peripheral processing in written word production remains controversial. This study aims to investigate whether the effects of radical complexity and lexicality in central processing cascade into peripheral processing in Chinese written word production. The participants were asked to write characters and non-characters (lexicality) with different radical complexity (few- and many-strokes). The findings indicated that regardless of the lexicality, the writing latencies were longer for characters with higher complexity (the many-strokes condition) than for characters with lower complexity (the few-strokes condition)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347559/characteristics-of-the-chinese-rural-elderly-living-in-nursing-homes-who-have-suicidal-ideation-a-multiple-regression-model
#17
Dan Zhang, Yang Yang, Yaoyao Sun, Menglian Wu, Hui Xie, Kefang Wang, Jie Zhang, Jihui Jia, Yonggang Su
BACKGROUND: Chinese rural elderly are at higher risk of committing suicide. However, little is known about the suicidal ideation (SI) of institutional elderly residents in rural China. METHODS: 250 participants aged 60 or above living in Chinese rural nursing homes were recruited. Data were collected on subjects' SI, social-demographic characters, physical illness and psychological factors. Univariate comparisons and path analysis were conducted then. RESULTS: 19...
March 24, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346514/valence-arousal-familiarity-concreteness-and-imageability-ratings-for-292-two-character-chinese-nouns-in-cantonese-speakers-in-hong-kong
#18
Lydia T S Yee
Words are frequently used as stimuli in cognitive psychology experiments, for example, in recognition memory studies. In these experiments, it is often desirable to control for the words' psycholinguistic properties because differences in such properties across experimental conditions might introduce undesirable confounds. In order to avoid confounds, studies typically check to see if various affective and lexico-semantic properties are matched across experimental conditions, and so databases that contain values for these properties are needed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340381/studying-the-adsorption-of-dna-nanostructures-on-graphene-in-the-aqueous-phase-using-molecular-dynamic-simulations
#19
Jixue Sun, Yang Li, Jianping Lin
DNA nanostructures can undergo large structural fluctuations and deviate from their intended configurations. In this work, two model DNA nanostructures (i.e., Nan and Kai) were designed based on the shape of the two Chinese characters of the name of Nankai University, and additional single-stranded DNA fragments were added to interact with graphene. During four 50-ns molecular dynamic simulations in aqueous solution, the DNA nanostructures adsorbed onto graphene demonstrated more stable conformations with lower root mean square deviations and smaller coordinate changes in the z-axis direction than the DNA nanostructures that were not adsorbed onto graphene...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327943/whole-genome-sequencing-of-chinese-clearhead-icefish-protosalanx-hyalocranius
#20
Kai Liu, Dongpo Xu, Jia Li, Chao Bian, Jinrong Duan, Yanfeng Zhou, Minying Zhang, Xinxin You, Yang You, Jieming Chen, Hui Yu, Gangchun Xu, Di-An Fang, Jun Qiang, Shulun Jiang, Jie He, Junmin Xu, Qiong Shi, Zhiyong Zhang, Pao Xu
Chinese clearhead icefish, Protosalanx hyalocranius , is a representative icefish species with economic importance and special appearance. Due to its great economic value in China, the fish was introduced into Lake Dianchi and several other lakes from the Lake Taihu half a century ago. Similar to the Sinocyclocheilus cavefish, the clearhead icefish has certain cavefish-like traits, such as transparent body and nearly scaleless skin. Here, we provide the whole genome sequence of this surface-dwelling fish and generated a draft genome assembly, aiming at exploring molecular mechanisms for the biological interests...
April 1, 2017: GigaScience
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