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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340381/studying-the-adsorption-of-dna-nanostructures-on-graphene-in-the-aqueous-phase-using-molecular-dynamic-simulations
#1
Jixue Sun, Yang Li, Jianping Lin
DNA nanostructures can undergo large structural fluctuations and deviate from their intended configurations. In this work, two model DNA nanostructures (i.e., Nan and Kai) were designed based on the shape of the two Chinese characters of the name of Nankai University, and additional single-stranded DNA fragments were added to interact with graphene. During four 50-ns molecular dynamic simulations in aqueous solution, the DNA nanostructures adsorbed onto graphene demonstrated more stable conformations with lower root mean square deviations and smaller coordinate changes in the z-axis direction than the DNA nanostructures that were not adsorbed onto graphene...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327943/whole-genome-sequencing-of-chinese-clearhead-icefish-protosalanx-hyalocranius
#2
Kai Liu, Dongpo Xu, Jia Li, Chao Bian, Jinrong Duan, Yanfeng Zhou, Minying Zhang, Xinxin You, Yang You, Jieming Chen, Hui Yu, Gangchun Xu, Di-An Fang, Jun Qiang, Shulun Jiang, Jie He, Junmin Xu, Qiong Shi, Zhiyong Zhang, Pao Xu
Background: Chinese clearhead icefish, Protosalanx hyalocranius , is a representative icefish species with economic importance and special appearance. Due to its great economic values in China, the fish was introduced into Lake Dianchi and several other lakes from the Lake Taihu half a century ago. Similar to the Sinocyclocheilus cavefish, the clearhead icefish has certain cavefish-like traits, such as transparent body and nearly scaleless skin. Here, we provide the whole genome sequence of this surface-dwelling fish and generated a draft genome assembly, aiming at exploring molecular mechanisms for the biological interests...
February 24, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294703/the-morphosyntactic-structure-of-compound-words-influences-parafoveal-processing-in-chinese-reading
#3
Denis Drieghe, Lei Cui, Guoli Yan, Xuejun Bai, Hui Chi, Simon P Liversedge
In an eye movement experiment employing the boundary paradigm (Rayner, 1975) we compared parafoveal preview benefit during the reading of Chinese sentences. The target word was a 2-character compound that had either a noun-noun or an adjective-noun structure each sharing an identical noun as the second character. The boundary was located between the two characters of the compound word. Prior to the eyes crossing the boundary the preview of the second character was presented either normally or was replaced by a pseudo-character...
March 15, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288674/cytochrome%C3%A2-p450-oxidoreductase-deficiency-caused-by-r457h-mutation-in-por-gene-in-chinese-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Yang Bai, Jinhui Li, Xiaoli Wang
BACKGROUND: Cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase deficiency (PORD) is a rare disease exhibiting a variety of clinical manifestations. It can be difficult to differentiate with other diseases such as 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD), polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS). Nearly 100 cases of PORD have been reported worldwide. However, the genetic characters and clinical management are still unclear, especially in China. CASE PRESENTATION: In this study, we report a 27-year-old female Chinese patient who first presented with amenorrhea and recurrence of large ovary cyst...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274209/mental-health-literacy-about-schizophrenia-and-depression-a-survey-among-chinese-caregivers-of-patients-with-mental-disorder
#5
Shubao Chen, Qiuxia Wu, Chang Qi, Huiqiong Deng, Xuyi Wang, Haoyu He, Jiang Long, Yifan Xiong, Tieqiao Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the knowledge of schizophrenia and depression among caregivers of patients with mental disorder in China. METHOD: A convenience sample of 402 caregivers at the Department of Psychiatry of a general hospital in China was investigated (response rate 95.7%), using vignettes based investigation methodology. RESULTS: The number of caregivers using the term "depression" to describe the depression vignette was 43.6%, which was significantly higher than the number of caregivers using the term "schizophrenia" to describe the schizophrenia one (28...
March 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264509/the-role-of-healthy-lifestyle-in-the-implementation-of-regressing-suboptimal-health-status-among-college-students-in-china-a-nested-case-control-study
#6
Jieyu Chen, Hongjie Xiang, Pingping Jiang, Lin Yu, Yuan Jing, Fei Li, Shengwei Wu, Xiuqiong Fu, Yanyan Liu, Hiuyee Kwan, Ren Luo, Xiaoshan Zhao, Xiaomin Sun
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal health status (SHS) is the intermediate health state between health and disease, it is medically undiagnosed and is also termed functional somatic syndrome. Although its clinical manifestations are complicated and various, SHS has not reached the disease status. Unhealthy lifestyle is associated with many chronic diseases and mortality. In accordance with the impact of lifestyle on health, it is intriguing to determine the association between unhealthy lifestyle and SHS risk...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264362/taxonomy-of-the-genus-i-chlamisus-i-rafinesque-coleoptera-chrysomelidae-from-china-with-description-of-three-new-species
#7
Liang Su, Hong-Zhang Zhou
This study is focused on the Chinese fauna of the leaf beetle genus Chlamisus Rafinesque, 1815 (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and three new species are described, namely C. corollinotatus sp. nov. from Guangxi, and C. lycocephalus sp. nov. and C. varipennatus sp. nov. from Yunnan. The number of the Chinese Chlamisus is thus increased to 66. Twenty-five species are redescribed with the emphasis mainly on the genital morphological characters that are observed and reported for the first time for most species of the genus from China...
February 20, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254090/detecting-negation-and-scope-in-chinese-clinical-notes-using-character-and-word-embedding
#8
Tian Kang, Shaodian Zhang, Nanfang Xu, Dong Wen, Xingting Zhang, Jianbo Lei
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Researchers have developed effective methods to index free-text clinical notes into structured database, in which negation detection is a critical but challenging step. In Chinese clinical records, negation detection is particularly challenging because it may depend on upstream Chinese information processing components such as word segmentation [1]. Traditionally, negation detection was carried out mostly using rule-based methods, whose comprehensiveness and portability were usually limited...
March 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203246/generalization-of-context-specific-training-in-individuals-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-an-event-related-potential-study
#9
Sam C C Chan, Tommy L H Lam, Kenneth N K Fong, Marco Y C Pang, Chetwyn C H Chan
BACKGROUND: This study examined the neural processes associated with the generalization of the effect of context-specific (CS) training to noncontextual situations among individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: Fourteen and 16 participants with MCI were randomly allocated to a Chinese calligraphy writing (CW) training or a control group, respectively. The CW participants learned how to write Chinese strokes in a semicursive style to construct characters, tapping on working memory functions...
September 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187554/descriptions-of-two-new-species-of-i-rhopalovalva-i-kuznetzov-1964-lepidoptera-tortricidae-from-china
#10
Aihuan Zhang, Xia Bai, Houhun Li
Two new species of Rhopalovalva Kuznetzov are described from China: R. macrocuculla Zhang and Li, sp. nov., and R. connata Zhang and Li, sp. nov. Photographs of the adults and genitalia are provided. We report the first occurrence of the absence of an uncus in the male genitalia of a Rhopalovalva species. A key to the Chinese species is provided based on the characters of the male genitalia. We also comment on the generic characters of Rhopalovalva.
February 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131811/activation-of-writing-specific-brain-regions-when-reading-chinese-as-a-second-language-effects-of-training-modality-and-transfer-to-novel-characters
#11
Aurélie Lagarrigue, Marieke Longcamp, Jean Luc Anton, Bruno Nazarian, Laurent Prévot, Jean-Luc Velay, Fan Cao, Cheryl Frenck-Mestre
We examined the implication of training modality on the cortical representation of Chinese words in adult second language learners of Chinese. In particular, we tested the implication of the neural substrates of writing in a reading task. The brain network sustaining finger writing was defined neuroanatomically based on an independent functional localizer. We examined the brain activations elicited by Chinese words learned via writing vs. pronunciation, and by novel untrained words, within regions of interest (ROIs) defined according to the position of the activation peaks in the localizer, and at the whole brain level...
January 26, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124084/semantic-integration-of-audio-visual-information-of-polyphonic-characters-in-a-sentence-context-an-event-related-potential-study
#12
Hong Liu, Gaoyan Zhang, Baolin Liu
In the Chinese language, a polyphone is a kind of special character that has more than one pronunciation, with each pronunciation corresponding to a different meaning. Here, we aimed to reveal the cognitive processing of audio-visual information integration of polyphones in a sentence context using the event-related potential (ERP) method. Sentences ending with polyphones were presented to subjects simultaneously in both an auditory and a visual modality. Four experimental conditions were set in which the visual presentations were the same, but the pronunciations of the polyphones were: the correct pronunciation; another pronunciation of the polyphone; a semantically appropriate pronunciation but not the pronunciation of the polyphone; or a semantically inappropriate pronunciation but also not the pronunciation of the polyphone...
April 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114417/species-diversity-distribution-patterns-of-chinese-endemic-seed-plants-based-on-geographical-regions
#13
Jihong Huang, Keping Ma, Jianhua Huang
Based on a great number of literatures, we established the database about the Chinese endemic seed plants and analyzed the compositions, growth form, distribution and angiosperm original families of them within three big natural areas and seven natural regions. The results indicate that the above characters of Chinese endemic plants take on relative rule at the different geographical scales. Among the three big natural areas, Eastern Monsoon area has the highest endemic plants richness, whereas Northwest Dryness area is the lowest...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113345/optimized-motor-imagery-paradigm-based-on-imagining-chinese-characters-writing-movement
#14
Zhaoyang Qiu, Brendan Z Allison, Jing Jin, Yu Zhang, Xingyu Wang, Wei Li, Andrzej Cichocki
Abstract-Background: Motor imagery (MI) is a mental representation of motor behavior. MI-based brain computer interfaces (BCIs) can provide communication for the physically impaired. The performance of MI based BCI mainly depends on the subject's ability to self-modulate EEG signals. Proper training can help naive subjects learn to modulate brain activity proficiently. However, training subjects typically involves abstract motor tasks and is time-consuming. METHODS: To improve the performance of naive subjects during motor imagery, a novel paradigm was presented that would guide naive subjects to modulate brain activity effectively...
January 19, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108381/metabolomic-study-of-the-intervention-effects-of-shuihonghuazi-formula-a-traditional-chinese-medicinal-formulae-on-hepatocellular-carcinoma-hcc-rats-using-performance-hplc-esi-tof-ms
#15
Yongrui Bao, Shuai Wang, Xinxin Yang, Li Tianjiao, Mingyue Xia, Xiansheng Meng
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Metabolomics is the comprehensive assessment of endogenous metabolites of a biological system in a holistic context, and its property consists with the global view of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Shuihonghuazi Formula (SHHZF) has been used for liver cancer early treatment in clinical for more than thirty years, but its mechanism remains unclear completely. This paper was designed to explore the therapeutic effects of SHHZF on liver cancer and its metabolomic characters...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057160/-glabridin-reduces-lipopolysaccharide-induced-lung-injury-in-rats-by-inhibiting-p38-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-extracellular-regulated-protein-kinases-signaling-pathway
#16
L P Zhang, J G Li
Objective: To investigate whether glabridin has a beneficial effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in rats, and to explore the possible underlying mechanisms. Methods: Thirty-two Wistar rats were randomly assigned into control group, model group (LPS group), glabridin group (GLA group), and ulinastatin group (UTI group), with 8 rats in each group. ARDS rat model was reproduced by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (10 mg/kg). The rats in the control group received an equal volume of normal saline at the same times...
December 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032308/the-effect-of-pinyin-input-experience-on-the-link-between-semantic-and-phonology-of-chinese-character-in-digital-writing
#17
Jingjun Chen, Rong Luo, Huashan Liu
With the development of ICT, digital writing is becoming much more common in people's life. Differently from keyboarding alphabets directly to input English words, keyboarding Chinese character is always through typing phonetic alphabets and then identify the glyph provided by Pinyin input-method software while in this process which do not need users to produce orthography spelling, thus it is different from traditional written language production model based on handwriting process. Much of the research in this domain has found that using Pinyin input method is beneficial to Chinese characters recognition, but only a small part explored the effects of individual's Pinyin input experience on the Chinese characters production process...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025882/characterization-of-the-key-aroma-compounds-in-chinese-vidal-icewine-by-gas-chromatography-olfactometry-quantitative-measurements-aroma-recombination-and-omission-tests
#18
Yue Ma, Ke Tang, Yan Xu, Ji-Ming Li
The key aroma compounds of Chinese Vidal icewine were characterized by means of gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) on polar and nonpolar columns, and their flavor dilution (FD) factors were determined by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA). A total of 59 odor-active aroma compounds in three ranks of Vidal icewines were identified, and 28 odorants (FD ≥ 9) were further quantitated for aroma reconstitution and omission tests. β-Damascenone showed the highest FD value of 2187 in all icewines...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025834/chinese-children-s-early-knowledge-about-writing
#19
Lan Zhang, Li Yin, Rebecca Treiman
Much research on literacy development has focused on learners of alphabetic writing systems. Researchers have hypothesized that children learn about the formal characteristics of writing before they learn about the relations between units of writing and units of speech. We tested this hypothesis by examining young Chinese children's understanding of writing. Mandarin-speaking 2- to 5-year-olds completed a graphic task, which tapped their knowledge about the formal characteristics of writing, and a phonological task, which tapped their knowledge about the correspondence between Chinese characters and syllables...
December 26, 2016: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018272/a-special-chinese-reading-acceleration-training-paradigm-to-enhance-the-reading-fluency-and-comprehension-of-chinese-children-with-reading-disabilities
#20
Li Dai, Chenchen Zhang, Xiangping Liu
According to a number of studies, use of a Reading Acceleration Program as reading intervention training has been demonstrated to improve reading speed and comprehension level effectively in most languages and countries. The objective of the current study was to provide further evidence of the effectiveness of a Reading Acceleration Program for Chinese children with reading disabilities using a distinctive Chinese reading acceleration training paradigm. The reading acceleration training paradigm is divided into a non-accelerated reading paradigm, a Character-accelerated reading paradigm and a Words-accelerated reading paradigm...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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