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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009822/pain-neuroscience-education-state-of-the-art-and-application-in-pediatrics
#1
REVIEW
Hannah Robins, Victoria Perron, Lauren C Heathcote, Laura E Simons
Chronic pain is a widespread problem in the field of pediatrics. Many interventions to ameliorate pain-related dysfunction have a biobehavioral focus. As treatments for chronic pain (e.g., increased movement) often stand in stark contrast to treatments for an acute injury (e.g., rest), providing a solid rationale for treatment is necessary to gain patient and parent buy-in. Most pain treatment interventions incorporate psychoeducation, or pain neuroscience education (PNE), as an essential component, and in some cases, as a stand-alone approach...
December 21, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976933/treatment-of-pain-following-cancer-applying-neuro-immunology-in-rehabilitation-practice
#2
Jo Nijs, Laurence Leysen, Roselien Pas, Nele Adriaenssens, Mira Meeus, Wouter Hoelen, Kelly Ickmans, Niamh Moloney
AIM: Pain is the second most frequent persistent symptom following cancer treatment. This article aims at explaining how the implementation of contemporary pain neuroscience can benefit rehabilitation for adults following cancer treatment within an evidence-based perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Narrative review. RESULTS: First, pain education is an effective but underused strategy for treating cancer related pain. Second, our neuro-immunological understanding of how stress can influence pain highlights the importance of integrating stress management into the rehabilitation approach for patients having cancer-related pain...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973611/publication-trends-in-acupuncture-research-a-20-year-bibliometric-analysis-based-on-pubmed
#3
Yan Ma, Ming Dong, Kehua Zhou, Carol Mita, Jianping Liu, Peter M Wayne
OBJECTIVE: Acupuncture has become popular and widely practiced in many countries around the world. Despite the large amount of acupuncture-related literature that has been published, broader trends in the prevalence and scope of acupuncture research remain underexplored. The current study quantitatively analyzes trends in acupuncture research publications in the past 20 years. METHODS: A bibliometric approach was used to search PubMed for all acupuncture-related research articles including clinical and animal studies...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903159/recognition-and-treatment-of-central-sensitization-in-chronic-pain-patients-not-limited-to-specialized-care
#4
Jo Nijs, Dorien Goubert, Kelly Ickmans
Modern pain neuroscience has substantially improved our understanding of the (development of) chronic musculoskeletal pain. The time has come for orthopaedic and sports physical therapists to implement modern pain neuroscience in specialized, but definitely also in primary, care settings, including the role of central sensitization (CS) in amplifying and explaining the presence of the pain experience. Central sensitization dominates the clinical picture in a subgroup of the musculoskeletal pain population, ranging from tennis elbow over shoulder pain to osteoarthritis and whiplash...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887679/-mindfulness-based-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-mechanisms-of-action-and-presentation-of-a-pilot-study
#5
M Gasnier, A Pelissolo, G Bondolfi, S Pelissolo, M Tomba, L Mallet, K N'diaye
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and severe disease, potentially inducing a major impairment for the patient and burden for their family. Recent research in psychiatry and neuroscience have led to better comprehension of the disease's mechanisms and helped to improve its treatment. However, a large proportion of patients have refractory symptoms, including for traditional cognitive and behavioral therapy by exposure and response prevention (ERP), leading clinicians to look for new treatments...
November 22, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#6
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790160/the-neuropsychoanalytic-approach-using-neuroscience-as-the-basic-science-of-psychoanalysis
#7
Brian Johnson, Daniela Flores Mosri
Neuroscience was the basic science behind Freud's psychoanalytic theory and technique. He worked as a neurologist for 20 years before being aware that a new approach to understand complex diseases, namely the hysterias, was needed. Solms coined the term neuropsychoanalysis to affirm that neuroscience still belongs in psychoanalysis. The neuropsychoanalytic field has continued Freud's original ideas as stated in 1895. Developments in psychoanalysis that have been created or revised by the neuropsychoanalysis movement include pain/relatedness/opioids, drive, structural model, dreams, cathexis, and dynamic unconscious...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720917/tetrahydrocannabinol-does-not-reduce-pain-in-patients-with-chronic-abdominal-pain-in-a-phase-2-placebo-controlled-study
#8
Marjan de Vries, Dagmar C M van Rijckevorsel, Kris C P Vissers, Oliver H G Wilder-Smith, Harry van Goor
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Delta-9-atetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most abundant cannabinoid from the plant Cannabis sativa. There is only equivocal evidence that THC has analgesic effects. We performed a phase 2 controlled trial to evaluate the analgesic efficacy, pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of an oral tablet containing purified THC in patients with chronic abdominal pain. METHODS: Sixty-five patients with chronic abdominal pain for 3 months or more (numeric rating scale scores of 3 or more) after surgery or because of chronic pancreatitis were randomly assigned to groups given the THC tablet or identical matching placebos for 50-52 days...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719874/nature-of-the-placebo-and-nocebo-effect-in-relation-to-functional-neurologic-disorders
#9
E Carlino, A Piedimonte, F Benedetti
Placebos have long been considered a nuisance in clinical research, for they have always been used as comparators for the validation of new treatments. By contrast, today they represent an active field of research, and, due to the involvement of many mechanisms, the study of the placebo effect can actually be viewed as a melting pot of concepts and ideas for neuroscience. There is not a single placebo effect, but many, with different mechanisms across different medical conditions and therapeutic interventions...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696337/the-psycho-neurology-of-cross-species-affective-social-neuroscience-understanding-animal-affective-states-as-a-guide-to-development-of-novel-psychiatric-treatments
#10
Jaak Panksepp
During the past half century of research with preclinical animal models, affective neuroscience has helped identify and illuminate the functional neuroanatomies and neurochemistries of seven primary process, i.e., genetically provided emotional systems of mammalian brains. All are subcortically localized, allowing animal models to guide the needed behavioral and neuroscientific analyses at levels of detail that cannot be achieved through human research, including modern brain imaging. They consist of the following neuronal processes: SEEKING/Enthusiasm, RAGE/Anger, FEAR/Anxiety, sexual LUST/Passion, maternal CARE/Nurturance, separation-distress PANIC/Grief and PLAY/Social Joy...
October 2, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676667/subtle-sensory-abnormalities-detected-by-quantitative-sensory-testing-in-patients-with-trigeminal-neuralgia
#11
Herta Flor, Dirk Rasche, Ariyan Pirayesh Islamian, Claudia Rolko, Pinar Yilmaz, Marc Ruppolt, H Holger Capelle, Volker Tronnier, Joachim K Krauss
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is characterized by paroxysmal pain attacks affecting the somatosensory distributions of the trigeminal nerve. It is thought to be associated with a neurovascular conflict most frequently, but pathomechanisms have not been fully elucidated. In general, no sensory deficit is found in routine clinical examination. There is limited data available, however, showing subtle subclinical sensory deficits upon extensive testing. OBJECTIVE: We used quantitative sensory testing (QST) to detect abnormalities in sensory processing in patients with TN by comparing the affected and non-affected nerve branches with their contralateral counterparts and by comparing the results of the patients with those of controls...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498037/animal-models-of-resistance-exercise-and-their-application-to-neuroscience-research
#12
REVIEW
Justin C Strickland, Mark A Smith
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have demonstrated that participation in regular resistance exercise (e.g., strength training) is associated with improvements in mental health, memory, and cognition. However, less is known about the neurobiological mechanisms mediating these effects. The goal of this mini-review is to describe and evaluate the available animal models of resistance exercise that may prove useful for examining CNS activity. NEW METHOD: Various models have been developed to examine resistance exercise in laboratory animals...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485952/consensus-paper-cerebellum-and-emotion
#13
M Adamaszek, F D'Agata, R Ferrucci, C Habas, S Keulen, K C Kirkby, M Leggio, P Mariën, M Molinari, E Moulton, L Orsi, F Van Overwalle, C Papadelis, A Priori, B Sacchetti, D J Schutter, C Styliadis, J Verhoeven
Over the past three decades, insights into the role of the cerebellum in emotional processing have substantially increased. Indeed, methodological refinements in cerebellar lesion studies and major technological advancements in the field of neuroscience are in particular responsible to an exponential growth of knowledge on the topic. It is timely to review the available data and to critically evaluate the current status of the role of the cerebellum in emotion and related domains. The main aim of this article is to present an overview of current facts and ongoing debates relating to clinical, neuroimaging, and neurophysiological findings on the role of the cerebellum in key aspects of emotion...
August 2, 2016: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468610/-effect-of-instrumental-surgical-fusion-on-the-quality-of-life-in-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#14
Enikő Sáró, Ferenc Misik, Péter Banczerowski
OBJECTIVE: There is no internationally accepted guideline for treatment of spondylolisthesis in the literature, otherwise this degenerative disease has great social and economical impact. There is no hungarian study examining the efficacy of instrumented fusion procedure in surgical treatment of spondylolisthesis. In current study we examined the effectiveness of fusion technique focusing on the impact of quality of life. METHODS: Between 1st January, 2011 and 30th June, 2012 we examined a group of patients--who were operated on by instrumented fusion technique because of spondylolisthesis--, in the National Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, using the Oswestry Low Back Disability Questionnaire...
March 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461519/corrigendum-to-neuropathic-pain-induced-by-spinal-cord-injury-role-of-endothelin-eta-and-etb-receptors-neurosci-lett-617-2016-14-21
#15
S Forner, A C Martini, E L Andrade, G A Rae
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 23, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456330/referrals-to-integrative-medicine-in-a-tertiary-hospital-findings-from-electronic-health-record-data-and-qualitative-interviews
#16
Kristen H Griffin, Kent C Nate, Rachael L Rivard, Jon B Christianson, Jeffery A Dusek
OBJECTIVE: To examine patterns of, and decision-making processes, informing referrals for inpatient access to integrative medicine (IM) services at a large, acute care hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective electronic health record review and structured qualitative interviews. SETTING: A 630-bed tertiary care hospital with an IM service available to inpatients. PARTICIPANTS: IM referrals of all inpatients aged ≥18 years between July 2012 and December 2014 were identified using the hospital's electronic health record...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445835/atp1a2-mutations-in-migraine-seeing-through-the-facets-of-an-ion-pump-onto-the-neurobiology-of-disease
#17
REVIEW
Thomas Friedrich, Neslihan N Tavraz, Cornelia Junghans
Mutations in four genes have been identified in familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM), from which CACNA1A (FHM type 1) and SCN1A (FHM type 3) code for neuronal voltage-gated calcium or sodium channels, respectively, while ATP1A2 (FHM type 2) encodes the α2 isoform of the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase's catalytic subunit, thus classifying FHM primarily as an ion channel/ion transporter pathology. FHM type 4 is attributed to mutations in the PRRT2 gene, which encodes a proline-rich transmembrane protein of as yet unknown function...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419354/photobiomodulation-implications-for-anesthesia-and-pain-relief
#18
Roberta T Chow, Patricia J Armati
OBJECTIVE: This review examines the evidence of neural inhibition as a mechanism underlying pain relief and anesthetic effect of photobiomodulation (PBM). BACKGROUND: PBM for pain relief has also been used for more than 30 years; however, the mechanism of its effectiveness has not been well understood. METHODS: We review electrophysiological studies in humans and animal models and cell culture studies to examine neural responses to PBM. RESULTS: Evidence shows that PBM can inhibit nerve function in vivo, in situ, ex vivo, and in culture...
December 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417433/contribution-of-delta-opioid-receptors-to-pathophysiological-events-explored-by-endogenous-enkephalins
#19
Bernard P Roques
Very few discoveries in the neurosciences have triggered clinical speculation and experimentation regarding the etiology of psychiatric illness to the same extent as that following identification of the opiate receptor(s) and subsequent isolation of endogenous morphine-like peptides. There is overwhelming evidence in animals and in human that opioids are involved in behaviorally relevant issues such as the modulation of pain, the response to stress, motivation, addiction, sexuality, food intake, etc., but our knowledge on the possible relation between opioids and mental illness is still very limited...
July 15, 2016: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400330/special-issue-perspectives-on-pain-neuroscience-education
#20
Scott Hasson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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