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Self determination theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327147/medical-student-changes-in-self-regulated-learning-during-the-transition-to-the-clinical-environment
#1
Kenneth K Cho, Brahm Marjadi, Vicki Langendyk, Wendy Hu
BACKGROUND: Self-regulated learning (SRL), which is learners' ability to proactively select and use different strategies to reach learning goals, is associated with academic and clinical success and life-long learning. SRL does not develop automatically in the clinical environment and its development during the preclinical to clinical learning transition has not been quantitatively studied. Our study aims to fill this gap by measuring SRL in medical students during the transitional period and examining its contributing factors...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323533/success-in-weight-management-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-do-perceived-autonomy-support-autonomous-motivation-and-self-care-competence-play-a-role
#2
Anne M Koponen, Nina Simonsen, Sakari B Suominen
Based on self-determination theory (SDT), this study investigated whether the three central SDT variables-perceived autonomy support (from a physician), autonomous motivation and self-care competence-were associated with success in weight management (SWM) among primary care patients with type 2 diabetes when the effect of other important life-context factors was controlled for. Patients participated in a mail survey in 2011. Those who had tried to change their health behavior during the past two years in order to lose weight, either with or without success (n = 1433, mean age 63 years, 50% men), were included in this study...
March 21, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302351/does-a-primary-health-clinic-for-formerly-incarcerated-women-increase-linkage-to-care
#3
Diane S Morse, John L Wilson, James M McMahon, Ann M Dozier, Anabel Quiroz, Catherine Cerulli
OBJECTIVE: This study examined a primary care-based program to address the health needs of women recently released from incarceration by facilitating access to primary medical, mental health, and substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Peer community health workers recruited women released from incarceration within the past 9 months into the Women's Initiative Supporting Health Transitions Clinic (WISH-TC). Located within an urban academic medical center, WISH-TC uses cultural, gender, and trauma-specific strategies grounded in the self-determination theory of motivation...
March 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302187/dynamical-systems-theory-in-quantitative-psychology-and-cognitive-science-a-fair-discrimination-between-deterministic-and-statistical-counterparts-is-required
#4
Adam Gadomski, Marcel Ausloos, Tahlia Casey
This article addresses a set of observations framed in both deterministic as well as statistical formal guidelines. It operates within the framework of nonlinear dynamical systems theory (NDS). It is argued that statistical approaches can manifest themselves ambiguously, creating practical discrepancies in psychological and cognitive data analyses both quantitatively and qualitatively. This is sometimes termed in literature as 'questionable research practices.' This communication points to the demand for a deeper awareness of the data 'initial conditions, allowing to focus on pertinent evolution constraints in such systems...
April 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295187/working-memory-moderates-the-effect-of-the-integrative-process-of-implicit-and-explicit-autonomous-motivation-on-academic-achievement
#5
Alexandre Gareau, Patrick Gaudreau
In previous research, autonomous motivation (AM) has been found to be associated with school achievement, but the relation has been largely heterogeneous across studies. AM has typically been assessed with explicit measures such as self-report questionnaires. Recent self-determination theory (SDT) research has suggested that converging implicit and explicit measures can be taken to characterize the integrative process in SDT. Drawing from dual-process theories, we contended that explicit AM is likely to promote school achievement when it is part of an integrated cognitive system that combines easily accessible mental representations (i...
March 10, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294276/self-assembly-of-polymer-linked-nanoparticles-and-scaling-behavior-in-the-assembled-phase
#6
Mukta Tripathy
An entropic depletion-driven phase separation is known to be observed for mixtures of polymers and nanoparticles. While polymer-linked nanoparticles have been synthesized, their phase behavior has only been predicted for chemically specific interactions. We use integral equation theory to determine the structure and phase behavior of chemically isotropic polymer-linked nanoparticles at high densities. When each end of a linear polymer is grafted to a nanoparticle, we predict an entropy-driven microphase separation of locally segregated polymer-rich and nanoparticle-rich domains...
March 15, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291956/physical-activity-motivation-and-benefits-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Kimberly S Fasczewski, Diane L Gill, Sara M Rothberger
PURPOSE: Multiple sclerosis is a degenerative neurological disease that affects 2.1 million people worldwide. There is no cure, but an expanding body of research supports the positive impact of physical activity and suggests physical activity has benefits for the individual's psychological and physical well-being. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using Self-Determination Theory as a framework, mixed methods with a focus on qualitative interviews were used to explore physical activity motivation and benefits with a sample of highly active people with multiple sclerosis (n = 15)...
March 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288522/job-satisfaction-of-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-the-role-of-basic-psychological-need-fulfillment-and-workplace-participation
#8
Alma Akkerman, Sabina Kef, Herman P Meininger
PURPOSE: Knowledge on what contributes to job satisfaction of people with intellectual disabilities is limited. Using self-determination theory, we investigated whether fulfillment of basic psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, relatedness, competence) affected job satisfaction, and explored associations between workplace participation, need fulfillment and job satisfaction. METHOD: A total of 117 persons with intellectual disabilities, recruited from a Dutch care organization, were interviewed on need fulfillment at work and job satisfaction...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282451/c-tactile-afferent-stimulating-touch-carries-a-positive-affective-value
#9
Ralph Pawling, Peter R Cannon, Francis P McGlone, Susannah C Walker
The rewarding sensation of touch in affiliative interactions is hypothesized to be underpinned by a specialized system of nerve fibers called C-Tactile afferents (CTs), which respond optimally to slowly moving, gentle touch, typical of a caress. However, empirical evidence to support the theory that CTs encode socially relevant, rewarding tactile information in humans is currently limited. While in healthy participants, touch applied at CT optimal velocities (1-10cm/sec) is reliably rated as subjectively pleasant, neuronopathy patients lacking large myelinated afferents, but with intact C-fibres, report that the conscious sensation elicited by stimulation of CTs is rather vague...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282125/synthesis-structures-and-proton-self-exchange-reaction-of-%C3%AE-3-oxido-hydroxido-bridged-trinuclear-uranyl-vi-complexes-with-tridentate-schiff-base-ligands
#10
Takashi Yoshimura, Masayuki Nakaguchi, Keisuke Morimoto
New μ3-hydroxido/oxido bridged trinuclear uranyl(VI) complexes with 3,5-di-t-butyl-N-salicylidene-2-aminophenolato (dbusap(2-)) ligands, Et3NH[(UO2)3(μ3-OH)(dbusap)3] (Et3NH[1]) and (Et3NH)2[(UO2)3(μ3-O)(dbusap)3] ((Et3NH)2[2]) were synthesized and characterized. Single-crystal X-ray structures of both complexes were determined. The oxygen atom on μ3-hydroxido center in [1](-) is sp(3) hybridized with an average U-(μ3-O)-U bond angle of 109.7(5)°; the μ3-oxido atom in [2](2-) is sp(2) hybridized with an average U-(μ3-O)-U bond angle of 118...
March 10, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277817/motivation-in-pediatric-motor-rehabilitation-a-systematic-search-of-the-literature-using-the-self-determination-theory-as-a-conceptual-framework
#11
Pieter Meyns, Tine Roman de Mettelinge, Judith van der Spank, Marieke Coussens, Hilde Van Waelvelde
OBJECTIVE: Motivation is suggested as an important factor in pediatric motor rehabilitation. Therefore, we reviewed the existing evidence of (motivational) motor rehabilitation paradigms, and how motivation influences rehabilitation outcome using self-determination theory as conceptual framework. METHODS: PubMed and Web-of-Science databases were systematically searched until June 2015. Data were independently extracted and critiqued for quality by three authors...
March 9, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277677/long-range-order-in-snse-1-2-1-tise2-1-prepared-from-designed-precursors
#12
Danielle M Hamann, Devin R Merrill, Sage R Bauers, Gavin Mitchson, Jeffrey Ditto, Sven P Rudin, David C Johnson
Self-assembly of designed precursors has enabled the synthesis of novel heterostructures that exhibit extensive rotational disorder between constituents. In (SnSe)1.2TiSe2 nanoscale regions of long-range order were observed in scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) cross sectional images. Here a combination of techniques are used to determine the structure of this compound, and the information is used to infer the origin of the order. In-plane X-ray diffraction indicates that the SnSe basal plane distorts to match TiSe2...
March 9, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275362/impact-of-the-supervisor-feedback-environment-on-creative-performance-a-moderated-mediation-model
#13
Jian Zhang, Zhenxing Gong, Shuangyu Zhang, Yujia Zhao
Studies on the relationship between feedback and creative performance have only focused on the feedback-self and have underestimated the value of the feedback environment. Building on Self Determined Theory, the purpose of this article is to examine the relationship among feedback environment, creative personality, goal self-concordance and creative performance. Hierarchical regression analysis of a sample of 162 supervisor-employee dyads from nine industry firms. The results indicate that supervisor feedback environment is positively related to creative performance, the relationship between the supervisor feedback environment and creative performance is mediated by goal self-concordance perfectly and moderated by creative personality significantly...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270777/what-do-you-think-you-are-measuring-a-mixed-methods-procedure-for-assessing-the-content-validity-of-test-items-and-theory-based-scaling
#14
Ingrid Koller, Michael R Levenson, Judith Glück
The valid measurement of latent constructs is crucial for psychological research. Here, we present a mixed-methods procedure for improving the precision of construct definitions, determining the content validity of items, evaluating the representativeness of items for the target construct, generating test items, and analyzing items on a theoretical basis. To illustrate the mixed-methods content-scaling-structure (CSS) procedure, we analyze the Adult Self-Transcendence Inventory, a self-report measure of wisdom (ASTI, Levenson et al...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270139/psychosocial-determinants-of-hiv-testing-across-stages-of-change-in-spanish-population-a-cross-sectional-national-survey
#15
Maria Jose Fuster-RuizdeApodaca, Ana Laguia, Fernando Molero, Javier Toledo, Arantxa Arrillaga, Angeles Jaen
BACKGROUND: The goal of this research is to study the psychosocial determinants of HIV-testing as a function of the decision or change stage concerning this health behavior. The determinants considered in the major ongoing health models and the stages contemplated in the Precaution Adoption Process Model are analysed. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 1,554 people over 16 years of age living in Spain by a computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)...
March 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263662/illness-experience-self-determination-and-recreational-activities-in-pediatric-asthma
#16
Peter M Bingham, Ian Crane, Sarah Waterman Manning
Although asthma self-management depends on ongoing and accurate self-assessment by the patient, pediatric asthma patients have weak skills in the area of symptom perception. Before developing an asthma game targeted to improving asthma self-management and improved symptom awareness, we sought to identify gaps in existing games. To clarify the role of relatedness and autonomy in asthma health game design, we investigated symptom awareness, vocabulary, and self-determination through a series of semi-structured interviews with children suffering from asthma...
March 6, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255750/a-smartphone-app-delivered-randomized-factorial-trial-targeting-physical-activity-in-adults
#17
Jason Fanning, Sarah Roberts, Charles H Hillman, Sean P Mullen, Lee Ritterband, Edward McAuley
Rapid technological development has challenged researchers developing mobile moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) interventions. This 12-week randomized factorial intervention aimed to determine the individual and combined impact of a self-monitoring smartphone-app (tracking, feedback, education) and two theory-based modules (goal-setting, points-based feedback) on MVPA, key psychosocial outcomes, and application usage. Adults (N = 116; M age  = 41.38 ± 7.57) received (1) a basic self-monitoring app, (2) the basic app plus goal setting, (3) the basic app plus points-based feedback, or (4) the basic app plus both modules...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253866/expression-of-sox2-nanog-and-oct4-in-a-mouse-model-of-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-uterine-injury-and-intrauterine-adhesions
#18
Li Xiao, Yong Song, Wei Huang, Shiyuan Yang, Jing Fu, Xue Feng, Min Zhou
BACKGROUND: Activation of inflammation-mediated endometrial injury is suggested to play a decisive role in pathogenesis of intrauterine adhesion (IUA). The stem cell theory of endometrial diseases has been given a hotspot, in that human endometrial stem cells have been isolated from the endometrium. Three transcription factors that play key roles in maintaining pluripotency and self-renewal in stem cells are sex-determining region Y-box2 (SOX2), Nanog homebox (NANOG), and octamer-binding protein (OCT4), which may be responsible for the damage or repair process of uterine endometrium...
March 3, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253062/the-effects-of-feedback-valence-and-style-on-need-satisfaction-self-talk-and-perseverance-among-tennis-players-an-experimental-study
#19
Gert-Jan De Muynck, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Jochen Delrue, Nathalie Aelterman, Leen Haerens, Bart Soenens
Grounded in Self-Determination Theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 2000), this experimental study examined whether the valence (i.e., positive versus negative) and style (i.e., autonomy-supportive versus controlling) of normative feedback impacts the self-talk, motivational experiences (i.e. psychological need satisfaction and enjoyment) and behavioral functioning (i.e. perseverance, performance) of tennis players (N = 120; M(age) = 24.50 ± 9.86 years). Positive feedback and an autonomy-supportive style positively influenced players' enjoyment and perseverance, with psychological need satisfaction and self-talk playing an intervening role...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249831/negotiating-tensions-between-theory-and-design-in-the-development-of-mailings-for-people-recovering-from-acute-coronary-syndrome
#20
Holly O Witteman, Justin Presseau, Emily Nicholas Angl, Iffat Jokhio, J D Schwalm, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Beth Bosiak, Madhu K Natarajan, Noah M Ivers
BACKGROUND: Taking all recommended secondary prevention cardiac medications and fully participating in a formal cardiac rehabilitation program significantly reduces mortality and morbidity in the year following a heart attack. However, many people who have had a heart attack stop taking some or all of their recommended medications prematurely and many do not complete a formal cardiac rehabilitation program. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to develop a user-centered, theory-based, scalable intervention of printed educational materials to encourage and support people who have had a heart attack to use recommended secondary prevention cardiac treatments...
March 1, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
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