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Self determination theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935393/the-effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-on-self-care-psychological-and-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Ying Jiang, Shefaly Shorey, Betsy Seah, Wanxian Chan, Wilson Wai San Tam, Wenru Wang
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence to determine the effects of psychological interventions on self-care and psychological and health outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: We evaluated the effectiveness of randomized controlled trials using psychological methods or theory on self-care behaviors, anxiety and depression levels, HRQoL, and physical function. Studies published in English, from January 2006 to December 2016, were considered. We searched published and unpublished studies in the following electronic databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933747/facilitators-of-physical-activity-voices-of-adolescents-in-a-disadvantaged-community
#2
Linus Jonsson, Christina Berg, Christel Larsson, Peter Korp, Eva-Carin Lindgren
Despite increasing socioeconomic inequalities in the health and well-being of adolescents, the voices of adolescents in disadvantaged communities regarding facilitators of physical activity (PA) have received relatively little attention. In response, the purpose of this study was to illuminate what adolescents in a multicultural community of low socioeconomic status (SES) in Sweden convey concerning facilitators of PA. Adolescents (n = 53, aged 12-13 years) were recruited from a school in a multicultural community of low SES in Sweden...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932858/self-assembled-clusters-of-patchy-rod-like-molecules
#3
Miroslav Jurásek, Robert Vácha
The design of complex self-assembled structures remains a challenging task due to the intricate relationship between the properties of the building blocks and the final morphology of the aggregates. Here, we report such a relationship for rod-like particles with one or two attractive patches based on a combination of computer simulations and analytical theory. We investigated the formation of finite aggregates under various conditions and constructed structure diagrams, which can be used to determine and extrapolate the system composition...
September 21, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928700/implementing-the-target-model-in-physical-education-effects-on-perceived-psychobiosocial-and-motivational-states-in-girls
#4
Laura Bortoli, Maurizio Bertollo, Edson Filho, Selenia di Fronso, Claudio Robazza
Grounded in achievement goal and self-determination theories, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of mastery and performance climate interventions on students' psychobiosocial (PBS) states and self-determined motivation. A first study was conducted to determine the validity of the measures. In a second study, two groups of female students (N = 65, 14-15 years of age) took part in the investigation. A mastery-performance group participated in eight task-involving lessons and then in another set of eight ego-involving lessons...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923516/does-getting-away-with-it-count-an-application-of-stafford-and-warr-s-reconceptualised-model-of-deterrence-to-drink-driving
#5
E Szogi, M Darvell, J Freeman, V Truelove, G Palk, J Davey, K Armstrong
Drink drivers continue to be disproportionately represented in road mortalities and morbidities. Given these costs, countermeasures that effectively reduce the behaviour (and its consequences) are imperative. Research has produced inconsistent findings regarding the deterrent effects of some countermeasures on drink driving behaviour, namely legal sanctions, suggesting other factors may be more influential. This study aimed to determine which deterrence measures based on Classical Deterrence Theory and Stafford and Warr's (1993) reconceptualised model of deterrence influence the propensity to drink and drive over the legal blood alcohol content limit of 0...
September 15, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918567/expansion-of-parents-undetermined-experience-in-socioeducational-programs-extending-the-dialogical-self-theory
#6
Dany Boulanger
The Dialogic Self Theory (DST-Hermans et al. Integrative Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 51(4), 1-31, 2017) is extended here in its dynamic aspects through focusing on the notions of indeterminacy, emptiness and movement. Linking with Husserl, I propose moving the dialogical self (DS) from a clear position in the "repertory of the Self" to an undetermined horizon. This makes it possible to introduce "holes" (emptiness) into the schematic representation of the "repertory of the Self". Yet Husserl's concept of horizon seems to focus too much on making the indeterminable determinate...
September 16, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918301/mathematical-fundamentals-for-the-noise-immunity-of-the-genetic-code
#7
Elena Fimmel, Lutz Strüngmann
Symmetry is one of the essential and most visible patterns that can be seen in nature. Starting from the left-right symmetry of the human body, all types of symmetry can be found in crystals, plants, animals and nature as a whole. Similarly, principals of symmetry are also some of the fundamental and most useful tools in modern mathematical natural science that play a major role in theory and applications. As a consequence, it is not surprising that the desire to understand the origin of life, based on the genetic code, forces us to involve symmetry as a mathematical concept...
September 13, 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915763/extended-screened-exchange-functional-derived-from-transcorrelated-density-functional-theory
#8
Naoto Umezawa
We propose a new formulation of the correlation energy functional derived from the transcorrelated method in use in density functional theory (TC-DFT). An effective Hamiltonian, HTC, is introduced by a similarity transformation of a many-body Hamiltonian, H, with respect to a complex function F: HTC=1FHF. It is proved that an expectation value of HTC for a normalized single Slater determinant, D(n), corresponds to the total energy: E[n] = ⟨Ψ(n)|H|Ψ(n)⟩/⟨Ψ(n)|Ψ(n)⟩ = ⟨D(n)|HTC|D(n)⟩ under the two assumptions: (1) The electron density nr associated with a trial wave function Ψ(n) = D(n)F is v-representable and (2) Ψ(n) and D(n) give rise to the same electron density nr...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913434/self-determined-shapes-and-velocities-of-giant-near-zero-drag-gas-cavities
#9
Ivan U Vakarelski, Evert Klaseboer, Aditya Jetly, Mohammad M Mansoor, Andres A Aguirre-Pablo, Derek Y C Chan, Sigurdur T Thoroddsen
Minimizing the retarding force on a solid moving in liquid is the canonical problem in the quest for energy saving by friction and drag reduction. For an ideal object that cannot sustain any shear stress on its surface, theory predicts that drag force will fall to zero as its speed becomes large. However, experimental verification of this prediction has been challenging. We report the construction of a class of self-determined streamlined structures with this free-slip surface, made up of a teardrop-shaped giant gas cavity that completely encloses a metal sphere...
September 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910530/an-efficient-implicit-solvation-method-for-full-potential-dft
#10
Markus Sinstein, Christoph Scheurer, Sebastian Matera, Volker Blum, Karsten Reuter, Harald Oberhofer
With the advent of efficient electronic structure methods, effective continuum solvation methods have emerged as a way to, at least partially, include solvent effects into simulations without the need for expensive sampling over solvent degrees of freedom. The multipole moment expansion (MPE) model, while based on ideas initially put forward almost 100 years ago, has recently been updated for the needs of modern electronic structure calculations. Indeed, for an all-electron code relying on localized basis sets and---more importantly---a multipole moment expansion of the electrostatic potential, the MPE method presents a particularly cheap way of solving the macroscopic Poisson equation to determine the electrostatic response of a medium surrounding a solute...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904547/the-process-of-transition-to-hemodialysis-a-grounded-theory-research
#11
Parkhideh Hassani, Masoumeh Otaghi, Mansoureh Zagheri-Tafreshi, Alireza Nikbakht-Nasrabadi
BACKGROUND: Transition is a passage or movement from one state, condition, or place to another. Patients with chronic disorders such as end-stage renal disease experience transitions. This study aims to explore the process of transition to hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a qualitative grounded theory of a doctoral dissertation. Twenty-four participants (19 patients on hemodialysis, 2 family members, 2 nurses, and a physician) were selected through purposive and theoretical sampling until data saturation...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903706/cross-situational-self-consistency-in-nine-cultures-the-importance-of-separating-influences-of-social-norms-and-distinctive-dispositions
#12
Kenneth D Locke, A Timothy Church, Khairul A Mastor, Guy J Curtis, Pamela Sadler, Kelly McDonald, José de Jesús Vargas-Flores, Joselina Ibáñez-Reyes, Hiroaki Morio, Jose Alberto S Reyes, Helena F Cabrera, Rina Mazuera Arias, Brigida Carolina Rincon, Neida Coromoto Albornoz Arias, Arturo Muñoz, Fernando A Ortiz
We assessed self-consistency (expressing similar traits in different situations) by having undergraduates in the United States ( n = 230), Australia ( n = 220), Canada ( n = 240), Ecuador ( n = 101), Mexico ( n = 209), Venezuela ( n = 209), Japan ( n = 178), Malaysia ( n = 254), and the Philippines ( n = 241) report the traits they expressed in four different social situations. Self-consistency was positively associated with age, well-being, living in Latin America, and not living in Japan; however, each of these variables showed a unique pattern of associations with various psychologically distinct sources of raw self-consistency, including cross-situationally consistent social norms and injunctions...
July 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903697/foundational-tests-of-the-need-support-model-a-framework-for-bridging-regulatory-focus-theory-and-self-determination-theory
#13
Leigh Ann Vaughn
This article introduces the need-support model, which proposes that regulatory focus can affect subjective support for the needs proposed by self-determination theory (autonomy, competence, and relatedness), and support of these needs can affect subjective labeling of experiences as promotion-focused and prevention-focused. Three studies tested these hypotheses ( N = 2,114). Study 1 found that people recall more need support in promotion-focused experiences than in prevention-focused experiences, and need support in their day yesterday (with no particular regulatory focus) fell in between...
March 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903685/evaluating-the-dimensionality-of-self-determination-theory-s-relative-autonomy-continuum
#14
Kennon M Sheldon, Evgeny N Osin, Tamara O Gordeeva, Dmitry D Suchkov, Oleg A Sychev
We conducted a theoretical and psychometric evaluation of self-determination theory's "relative autonomy continuum" (RAC), an important aspect of the theory whose validity has recently been questioned. We first derived a Comprehensive Relative Autonomy Index (C-RAI) containing six subscales and 24 items, by conducting a paired paraphrase content analysis of existing RAI measures. We administered the C-RAI to multiple U.S. and Russian samples, assessing motivation to attend class, study a major, and take responsibility...
September 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903633/collective-self-determination-how-the-agent-of-help-promotes-pride-well-being-and-support-for-intergroup-helping
#15
Emma F Thomas, Catherine E Amiot, Winnifred R Louis, Alice Goddard
This research integrates self-determination theory and the social identity approach to investigate the notion of collective (group level) self-determination, and to test how the agent of intergroup help (helping initiated by a group representative versus group members) shapes group members' motives and support for intergroup helping. Study 1 ( N = 432) demonstrates that collective self-determination predicts support for intergroup helping, group pride, and well-being, over and above individual-level self-determined motivation...
May 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894546/nurses-perception-of-the-strategies-to-gaining-professional-power-a-qualitative-study
#16
Rana Rezai Sepasi, Fariba Borhani, Abbas Abbaszadeh
BACKGROUND: Power in nursing is a broad concept that has a determining effect on the achievement of professional goals. Gaining power is essential for promoting the roles of nurses, improving their professional image and the consistent improvement of healthcare systems. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to identify and clarify strategies for gaining power in the nursing profession through the experiences of Iranian nurses. METHODS: The present qualitative grounded theory study was conducted on fifteen participants selected through purposive sampling...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894073/-structural-equation-modeling-on-self-care-behavior-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-using-citizen-health-promotion-centers
#17
Songheun Lee, Hyunli Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to construct and test a structural equation model for Diabetes self-management (DSM) behavior and Quality of life (QoL) in older adults with diabetes who use Citizen Health Promotion Centers. The theory used this study was a combination of the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Model (IMB) and Self-Determination Theory (SDT) to reflect autonomous characteristics of participants. METHODS: Data were collected from April 20 to August 31, 2015 using a self-report questionnaire...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891806/hybrid-dft-v-sub-w-sub-method-for-band-structure-calculation-of-semiconducting-transition-metal-compounds-the-case-of-cerium-dioxide
#18
Viktor Ivady, Adam Gali, Igor A Abrikosov
Hybrid functionals' non-local exchange-correlation potential contains a derivative discontinuity that improves on standard semi-local density functional theory (DFT) band gaps. Moreover, by careful parameterization, hybrid functionals can provide self-interaction reduced description of selected states. On the other hand, the uniform description of all the electronic states of a given system is a known drawback of these functionals that causes varying accuracy in the description of states with different degrees of localization...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890192/workplace-availability-risk-group-and-perceived-barriers-predictive-of-2016-17-influenza-vaccine-uptake-in-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Paula M Luz, Riley E Johnson, Heidi E Brown
BACKGROUND: Seasonal influenza, though mostly self-limited in the healthy adult, may lead to severe disease and/or complications in subpopulations. Annual influenza vaccination is available in many countries with coverage goals rarely being met. We conducted a cross-sectional study of influenza vaccine uptake and explored socio-demographic, economic, and psychological factors that explained vaccine uptake. METHODS: The survey was administered via Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) to United States residents in January 2017, using the Qualtrics platform...
September 7, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885892/bridging-the-gap-in-implementation-science-evaluating-a-capacity-building-program-in-data-management-analysis-utilization-and-dissemination-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
Peter Memiah, Tristi Ah Mu, Jeremy Penner, Kevin Owour, Carol Ngunu-Gituathi, Kourtney Prevot, Vernon Mochache, Paul Wekesa, John Oyore, Sam Muhula, Patience Komba
Building capacity in implementation science within health programs is dependent on training in theory and practice of epidemiology, statistics, and research in addition to high self-efficacy toward application of training. This article describes a training program providing technical assistance to more than 300 health facilities in Kenya and Tanzania, its evaluation results, and its ability to improve participants' knowledge, competencies, and self-efficacy on data management, analysis, and dissemination among health care professionals...
September 8, 2017: Population Health Management
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