keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Frank's sign

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140922/fingolimod-reduces-neuropathic-pain-behaviors-in-a-mouse-model-of-multiple-sclerosis-by-a-sphingosine-1-phosphate-receptor-1-dependent-inhibition-of-central-sensitization-in-the-dorsal-horn
#1
Suzanne Doolen, Tommaso Iannitti, Benjamin C Shaw, Carolyn M Grachen, Renee R Donahue, Bradley K Taylor
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune-inflammatory neurodegenerative disease that is often accompanied by a debilitating neuropathic pain. Disease-modifying agents slow the progression of MS and prevent relapses, yet it remains unclear if they yield analgesia. We explored the analgesic potential of fingolimod (FTY720), an agonist/functional antagonist at the sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1), because it reduces hyperalgesia in models of peripheral inflammatory and neuropathic pain. We used a myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein 35-55 (MOG35-55) mouse model of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), modified to avoid frank paralysis and thus allow for assessment of withdrawal behaviors to somatosensory stimuli...
November 13, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132413/germacranolide-type-sesquiterpene-lactones-from-smallanthus-sonchifolius-with-promising-activity-against-leishmania-mexicana-and-trypanosoma-cruzi
#2
Jerónimo L Ulloa, Renata Spina, Agustina Casasco, Patricia B Petray, Virginia Martino, Miguel A Sosa, Fernanda M Frank, Liliana V Muschietti
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis and Chagas disease are life-threatening illnesses caused by the protozoan parasites Leishmania spp. and Trypanosoma cruzi, respectively. They are known as "neglected diseases" due to the lack of effective drug treatments and the scarcity of research work devoted to them. Therefore, the development of novel and effective drugs is an important and urgent need. Natural products are an important source of bioactive molecules for the development of new drugs. In this study, we evaluated the activity of enhydrin, uvedalin and polymatin B, three sesquiterpene lactones (STLs) isolated from Smallanthus sonchifolius, on Leishmania mexicana (MNYC/BZ/62/M) and Trypanosoma cruzi (Dm28c)...
November 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116239/validation-of-the-feverkidstool-and-procalcitonin-for-detecting-serious-bacterial-infections-in-febrile-children
#3
Ruud G Nijman, Yvonne Vergouwe, Henriëtte A Moll, Frank J Smit, Floor Weerkamp, Ewout W Steyerberg, Johan van der Lei, Yolanda B de Rijke, Rianne Oostenbrink
BackgroundTo validate the Feverkidstool, a prediction model consisting of clinical signs and symptoms and C-reactive protein (CRP) to identify serious bacterial infections (SBIs) in febrile children, and to determine the incremental diagnostic value of procalcitonin.MethodsThis prospective observational study that was carried out at two Dutch emergency departments included children with fever, aged 1 month to 16 years. The prediction models were developed with polytomous logistic regression differentiating "pneumonia" and "other SBIs" from "non-SBIs" using standardized, routinely collected data on clinical signs and symptoms, CRP, and procalcitonin...
November 8, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105148/biomarkers-related-to-bullous-pemphigoid-activity-and-outcome
#4
REVIEW
Delphine Giusti, Sébastien Le Jan, Gregory Gatouillat, Philippe Bernard, Bach Nga Pham, Frank Antonicelli
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is the most common autoimmune sub-epidermal blistering disease of the skin. Investigation of the BP-associated pathophysiological processes during the last decades showed that the generation of auto-antibodies directed against the hemidesmosome proteins BP180 and BP230, a hallmark of the BP-associated autoimmune response, leads to the recruitment of inflammatory immune cells at the dermal-epidermal junction, and subsequently to the release of a large amount of inflammatory molecules involved in blister formation...
November 3, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103793/consensus-definition-for-atrophy-associated-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-on-oct-classification-of-atrophy-report-3
#5
Srinivas R Sadda, Robyn Guymer, Frank G Holz, Steffen Schmitz-Valckenberg, Christine A Curcio, Alan C Bird, Barbara A Blodi, Ferdinando Bottoni, Usha Chakravarthy, Emily Y Chew, Karl Csaky, Ronald P Danis, Monika Fleckenstein, K Bailey Freund, Juan Grunwald, Carel B Hoyng, Glenn J Jaffe, Sandra Liakopoulos, Jordi M Monés, Daniel Pauleikhoff, Philip J Rosenfeld, David Sarraf, Richard F Spaide, Ramin Tadayoni, Adnan Tufail, Sebastian Wolf, Giovanni Staurenghi
PURPOSE: To develop consensus terminology and criteria for defining atrophy based on OCT findings in the setting of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DESIGN: Consensus meeting. PARTICIPANTS: Panel of retina specialists, image reading center experts, retinal histologists, and optics engineers. METHODS: As part of the Classification of Atrophy Meetings (CAM) program, an international group of experts surveyed the existing literature, performed a masked analysis of longitudinal multimodal imaging for a series of eyes with AMD, and reviewed the results of this analysis to define areas of agreement and disagreement...
November 2, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099941/formula-feeding-predisposes-neonatal-piglets-to-clostridium-difficile-gut-infection
#6
Lukasz Grzeskowiak, Beatriz Martínez-Vallespín, Temesgen H Dadi, Judith Radloff, Salah Amasheh, Femke-Anouska Heinsen, Andre Franke, Knut Reinert, Wilfried Vahjen, Jürgen Zentek, Robert Pieper
Spontaneous Clostridium difficile (CD) outbreaks occur in neonatal piglets but the predisposing factors are largely not known. To study the conditions for CD colonisation and infection development, neonatal piglets (n=48) were moved into isolators, fed bovine milk-based formula and infected with CD 078. Analyses included: clinical scoring; faecal CD, toxin B, calprotectin; post-mortem colon histopathology. Controls were non-infected suckling piglets. Faeces from suckling, formula-fed and formula-fed-CD-infected piglets were used for metagenomics...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097567/survival-in-76-cats-with-epilepsy-of-unknown-cause-a-retrospective-study
#7
Arlette Cornelia Szelecsenyi, Urs Giger, Lorenzo Golini, Ian Mothersill, Paul R Torgerson, Frank Steffen
Survival of cats with epilepsy of unknown cause (EUC) has not been reported. Seizure semiology and its relationship to treatment outcome and survival was studied in a population of 76 cats. A questionnaire for seizure semiology was developed based on experimental data. Seizure semiology was characterised by owner interviews at least one year after discharge. Seizures were classified as (1) primary generalised and (2) focal without and (3) with secondary generalisation. Median age at seizure onset was four (range 0...
November 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095676/incidence-and-imaging-findings-of-costal-cartilage-fractures-in-patients-with-blunt-chest-trauma-a-retrospective-review-of-1461-consecutive-whole-body-ct-examinations-for-trauma
#8
Mari T Nummela, Frank V Bensch, Tuomo T Pyhältö, Seppo K Koskinen
Purpose To assess the incidence of costal cartilage (CC) fractures in whole-body computed tomographic (CT) examinations for blunt trauma and to evaluate distribution of CC fractures, concomitant injuries, mechanism of injury, accuracy of reporting, and the effect on 30-day mortality. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval was obtained for this retrospective study. All whole-body CT examinations for blunt trauma over 36 months were reviewed retrospectively and chest trauma CT studies were evaluated by a second reader...
November 2, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079914/mri-features-of-primary-rare-malignancies-of-the-liver-a-report-from-four-university-centres
#9
Richard C Semelka, Nadesan Nimojan, Saman Chandana, Miguel Ramalho, Suzanne L Palmer, Danielle DeMulder, Carolina Parada Villavicencio, John Woosley, Bonnie L Garon, Reena C Jha, Frank H Miller, Ersan Altun
PURPOSE: To determine if rare primary malignancies of the liver may have consistent features on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This IRB-compliant retrospective study reviewed the records from the pathology departments of four university centres over an 11-year period from 2005-2016 to identify rare primary malignant tumours, which were cross-referenced with MRI records. MRI studies of these patients were reviewed to determine if these tumours exhibited consistent and distinctive features...
October 27, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066083/sleep-related-painful-erections-a-case-series-of-24-patients-regarding-diagnostics-and-treatment-options
#10
Sanne Vreugdenhil, Alida Cornelia Weidenaar, Igle Jan de Jong, Mels Frank van Driel
BACKGROUND: Patients with sleep-related painful erections (SRPEs) have deep penile pain during nocturnal erection that wakes them up and disturbs their nights of sleep. This rare parasomnia is poorly recognized by general practitioners and by urologists and sexologists. AIM: To gain more insight into diagnostics and therapeutic options. METHODS: Data from a series of 24 consecutive patients who presented with SRPEs at the outpatient clinic from 1996 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
October 21, 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066041/accuracy-of-virtual-surgical-planning-of-orthognathic-surgery-with-aid-of-cad-cam-fabricated-surgical-splint-a-novel-3d-analyzing-algorithm
#11
Shih-Jan Chin, Frank Wilde, Michael Neuhaus, Alexander Schramm, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Majeed Rana
The benefit of computer-assisted planning in orthognathic surgery has been extensively documented over the last decade. This study aims to evaluate the accuracy of a virtual orthognathic surgical plan by a novel three dimensional (3D) analysis method. Ten patients who required orthognathic surgery were included in this study. A virtual surgical plan was achieved by the combination of a 3D skull model acquired from computed tomography (CT) and surface scanning of the upper and lower dental arch respectively and final occlusal position...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064623/experimental-design-matters-for-statistical-analysis-how-to-handle-blocking
#12
Signe M Jensen, Frank Schaarschmidt, Andrea Onofri, Christian Ritz
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, the evaluation of effects of pesticides often relies on experimental designs that involve multiple concentrations of the pesticide of interest or multiple pesticides at specific comparable concentrations and, possibly, secondary factors of interest. Unfortunately, the experimental design is often more or less neglected when analyzing data. Two data examples were analyzed using different modelling strategies: Firstly, in a randomized complete block design, mean heights of maize treated with a herbicide and one of several adjuvants were compared...
October 24, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064599/spinal-cord-stimulation-in-patients-with-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-a-possible-target-for-immunomodulation
#13
Nadia Kriek, Marco W J Schreurs, J George Groeneweg, Wim A Dik, Gilbert C H Tjiang, Ismail Gültuna, Dirk L Stronks, Frank J P M Huygen
OBJECTIVE: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is characterized by continued pain disproportional to the inciting event, sensory abnormalities, vasomotor and sudomotor disturbances, and motor and trophic changes. Inflammatory involvement has been demonstrated in past CRPS studies resulting in pain, swelling, and warmth. Currently, it is unknown whether spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has immunomodulatory properties. The aim of this study was to determine whether SCS has immunomodulatory properties in CRPS patients...
October 24, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060734/comparison-of-motion-based-analysis-to-thermal-based-analysis-of-thermal-video-in-the-extraction-of-respiration-patterns
#14
Stephanie L Bennett, Rafik Goubran, Frank Knoefel
Non-contact methods of extracting vital signals has become a popular area of research. This is likely due to the world's aging population and the increased need for long term and remote monitoring. This paper examines and compares the potential for one modality to capture a vital sign, specifically respiration, in the presence of signal abnormalities. This paper compares temperature based-methods to motion-based methods of extracting respiration rate from thermal video of a subject performing computationally difficult respiration tests...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059253/a-novel-electronic-algorithm-using-host-biomarker-point-of-care-tests-for-the-management-of-febrile-illnesses-in-tanzanian-children-e-poct-a-randomized-controlled-non-inferiority-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kristina Keitel, Frank Kagoro, Josephine Samaka, John Masimba, Zamzam Said, Hosiana Temba, Tarsis Mlaganile, Willy Sangu, Clotilde Rambaud-Althaus, Alain Gervaix, Blaise Genton, Valérie D'Acremont
BACKGROUND: The management of childhood infections remains inadequate in resource-limited countries, resulting in high mortality and irrational use of antimicrobials. Current disease management tools, such as the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) algorithm, rely solely on clinical signs and have not made use of available point-of-care tests (POCTs) that can help to identify children with severe infections and children in need of antibiotic treatment. e-POCT is a novel electronic algorithm based on current evidence; it guides clinicians through the entire consultation and recommends treatment based on a few clinical signs and POCT results, some performed in all patients (malaria rapid diagnostic test, hemoglobin, oximeter) and others in selected subgroups only (C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, glucometer)...
October 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053824/chemogenetic-locus-coeruleus-activation-restores-reversal-learning-in-a-rat-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Jacki M Rorabaugh, Termpanit Chalermpalanupap, Christian A Botz-Zapp, Vanessa M Fu, Natalie A Lembeck, Robert M Cohen, David Weinshenker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024866/diclofenac-but-not-celecoxib-improves-endothelial-function-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-study-in-adjuvant-induced-arthritis
#17
Frank Verhoeven, Perle Totoson, Christine Marie, Anne Prigent-Tessier, Daniel Wendling, Maude Tournier-Nappey, Clément Prati, Céline Demougeot
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed at investigating the effect of celecoxib (COX-2 selective inhibitor) and diclofenac (non-selective COX inhibitor) on endothelial function, and at identifying the underlying mechanisms in adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA). METHODS: At the first signs of AIA, diclofenac (5 mg/kg twice a day, i.p), celecoxib (3 mg/kg/day, i.p) or saline (Vehicle) was administered for 3 weeks. Endothelial function was studied in aortic rings relaxed with acetylcholine (Ach) with or without inhibitors of NOS, arginase, EDHF and superoxide anions (O2(-°)) production...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019307/control-measures-following-a-case-of-imported-lassa-fever-from-togo-north-rhine-westphalia-germany-2016
#18
Clara Lehmann, Matthias Kochanek, Diana Abdulla, Stephan Becker, Boris Böll, Anne Bunte, Daniel Cadar, Arno Dormann, Markus Eickmann, Petra Emmerich, Torsten Feldt, Christina Frank, Jochen Fries, Martin Gabriel, Udo Goetsch, René Gottschalk, Stephan Günther, Michael Hallek, Dieter Häussinger, Christian Herzog, Björn Jensen, Felix Kolibay, Michael Krakau, Georg Langebartels, Toni Rieger, Lars Schaade, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Edgar Schömig, Gundolf Schüttfort, Alexander Shimabukuro-Vornhagen, Michael von Bergwelt-Baildon, Ulrike Wieland, Gerhard Wiesmüller, Timo Wolf, Gerd Fätkenheuer
In a patient transferred from Togo to Cologne, Germany, Lassa fever was diagnosed 12 days post mortem. Sixty-two contacts in Cologne were categorised according to the level of exposure, and gradual infection control measures were applied. No clinical signs of Lassa virus infection or Lassa specific antibodies were observed in the 62 contacts. Thirty-three individuals had direct contact to blood, other body fluids or tissue of the patients. Notably, with standard precautions, no transmission occurred between the index patient and healthcare workers...
September 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016152/knowingly-but-naively-the-overpowering-influence-of-innocence-on-interrogation-rights-decision-making
#19
Kyle C Scherr, Christopher J Normile, Sabrina J Bierstetel, Andrew S Franks, Ian Hawkins
Most suspects waive the guaranteed protections that interrogation rights afford them against police intimidation. One factor thought to motivate suspects' inclination to waive their rights stems from the acquiescence bias whereby suspects mindlessly comply with interrogators' requests. However, research bearing on the phenomenology of innocence has demonstrated the power of innocents' mindset, which could motivate some innocent suspects to waive their rights knowingly (instead of mindlessly complying). To test these ideas, participants (N = 178) were (a) rightfully (guilty) or wrongfully (innocent) accused of wrongdoing during an experimental session, (b) administered 1 of 2 forms that by signing either waived or invoked their rights to a student advocate, and (c) given questions to assess their degree of knowing during the decision-making process (i...
October 9, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990535/voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-to-prevent-hiv-in-tanah-papua-indonesia-field-trial-to-assess-acceptability-and-feasibility
#20
M Ridwan Ansari, Elan Lazuardi, Frank Stephen Wignall, Constant Karma, Sylvanus A Sumule, Siti Nadia, Robert Magnani
BACKGROUND: Relatively little attention has been directed to the significant HIV prevention role that voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) can play in populations with moderate levels of HIV prevalence. One such location is Tanah Papua, Indonesia, which in 2013 had a general population HIV prevalence of 2.3% concentrated among indigenous Papuans (2.9% prevalence), very few of whom are circumcised. This article reports the findings of an implementation research study assessing the acceptability and feasibility of introducing VMMC for HIV prevention...
October 5, 2017: Current HIV Research
keyword
keyword
94755
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"