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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306488/spinal-neurenteric-cyst-in-a-dog
#1
Daniela S Alder, Anna Oevermann, Stephan A Pfister, Frank Steffen
CASE DESCRIPTION An 11-year-old English Cocker Spaniel was evaluated because of chronic progressive ataxia of the hind limbs. CLINICAL FINDINGS The dog had no history of previous illness, and findings of physical examination and laboratory tests were unremarkable. Neurologic examination revealed that the dog was ambulatory with severe ataxia of the hind limbs. Proprioception was decreased in the right and left hind limbs (right affected more than left), and spinal reflexes were bilaterally unremarkable. Moderate signs of pain were detected during palpation of the lumbar portion of the vertebral column...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289946/systematic-evaluation-of-concomitant-extensor-tendon-sheath-injury-in-patients-with-distal-intra-articular-radial-fractures-in-mdct-using-the-floating-fat-sign
#2
Amelie von Schneider-Egestorf, Bernhard Meyer, Frank Wacker, Herbert Rosenthal, Christian von Falck
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the involvement of extensor tendon sheaths in a large MDCT study group of patients with distal intra-articular radial fractures using the floating fat sign. METHODS: 603 MDCT scans of patients with acute intra-articular distal radial fractures (Frykman III-VIII) acquired between January 2005 and October 2011 were analysed in consensus by two radiologists. The extensor tendon sheath involvement was assessed for each extensor tendon compartment and visually graded from 0 to 2 based on the amount of fat-fluid levels...
March 13, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286656/are-you-ernest-shackleton-the-polar-explorer-refining-the-criteria-for-delirium-and-brain-dysfunction-in-sepsis
#3
EDITORIAL
Frank Anthony Rasulo, Giuseppe Bellelli, Eugene Wesley Ely, Alessandro Morandi, Pratik Pandharipande, Nicola Latronico
The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock has recently defined sepsis as a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. Organ dysfunctions in this consensus definition were identified as an organ-specific Sequential [Sepsis-related] Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score ≥ 2 points. The quick SOFA (qSOFA) considers altered mentation indicating brain dysfunction when the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score is ≤13 or ≤14. However, concern has been expressed that the revised criteria may lead to a failure in recognizing the signs of potentially lethal organ dysfunction and thus sepsis...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284502/palaeopathology-of-the-earlobe-crease-frank-s-sign-new-insights-from-renaissance-art
#4
Francesco M Galassi, Claudio Borghi, Roberta Ballestriero, Michael E Habicht, Maciej Henneberg, Frank J Rühli
Several studies have associated the earlobe crease sign, discovered by Sanders T. Frank in 1973, with cardiovascular pathology, yet very few studies have focused on the antiquity of this trait, with the most ancient one thought to date back to the Roman Emperor Hadrian (76-138CE). This article presents two more cases from the Italian Renaissance in the works of the artist Andrea Mantegna (1431-1506) and examines them in a multidisciplinary fashion.
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276118/malignant-anal-sac-melanoma-in-dogs-eleven-cases-2000-to-2015
#5
A Vinayak, C B Frank, D W Gardiner, K M Thieman-Mankin, D R Worley
OBJECTIVES: To report the signalment, clinical presentation, treatments pursued and outcomes of dogs with malignant anal sac melanoma. METHODS: Medical records from five institutions from January 2000 through December 2015 were reviewed and dogs with cytologically- or histologically-confirmed malignant anal sac melanoma were identified. Signalment, clinical signs, staging, cytology, histopathologic analysis, surgical and non-surgical treatments were extracted from the medical records...
April 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249813/induction-of-chromosome-instability-by-activation-of-yes-associated-protein-and-forkhead-box-m1-in-liver-cancer
#6
Sofia M E Weiler, Federico Pinna, Thomas Wolf, Teresa Lutz, Aman Geldiyev, Carsten Sticht, Maria Knaub, Stefan Thomann, Michaela Bissinger, Shan Wan, Stephanie Rössler, Diana Becker, Norbert Gretz, Hauke Lang, Frank Bergmann, Vladimir Ustiyan, Tatiana V Kalin, Stephan Singer, Ju-Seog Lee, Jens U Marquardt, Peter Schirmacher, Vladimir V Kalinichenko, Kai Breuhahn
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Many different types of cancer cells have chromosome instability. The hippo pathway leads to phosphorylation of the transcriptional activator yes associated protein 1 (YAP1, YAP), which regulates proliferation and has been associated with development of liver cancer. We investigated the effects of hippo signaling via YAP on chromosome stability and hepatocarcinogenesis in humans and mice. METHODS: We analyzed transcriptome data from 242 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to search for gene signatures associated with chromosomal instability; we investigated associations with overall survival time and cancer recurrence using Kaplan-Meier curves...
February 26, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247250/a-paedophile-scan-to-prevent-child-sexual-abuse-in-child-care-a-thought-experiment-to-problematize-the-notion-of-alignment-in-responsible-research-and-innovation
#7
Irja Marije de Jong, Frank Kupper, Corine de Ruiter, Jacqueline Broerse
Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is a science policy concept that gained traction from 2000 onwards in the EU and US, in which alignment on purposes and values between different stakeholders is a key aspect. This thought experiment problematizes this particular notion: ethically acceptable and societally desirable outcomes are not necessarily achieved when alignment is a consequence of early closure. To argue this point, we took the example of the potential development of scanning technology for the detection of paedophilia among job applicants, for which indicators of broad societal support were found in an RRI project on neuroimaging...
December 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245067/conservation-genomics-of-the-endangered-burmese-roofed-turtle
#8
F Gözde Çilingir, Frank E Rheindt, Kritika M Garg, Kalyar Platt, Steven G Platt, David P Bickford
The Burmese roofed turtle (Batagur trivittata) is one of the world's most endangered turtles. Only one wild population remains in Myanmar. Based on field observations, wild breeders are thought to number around a dozen. Combined in-situ and ex-situ conservation efforts for the species have raised >700 captive turtles over a decade predominantly from wild collected eggs. In one of the most comprehensive studies bridging genomic methodologies with active in-situ and ex-situ conservation efforts, we obtained ∼1500 unlinked genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from ∼40% of the turtles' remaining global population...
February 28, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244020/air-travel-circadian-rhythms-hormones-and-autoimmunity
#9
REVIEW
J Torres-Ruiz, A Sulli, M Cutolo, Y Shoenfeld
Biological rhythms are fundamental for homeostasis and have recently been involved in the regulatory processes of various organs and systems. Circadian cycle proteins and hormones have a direct effect on the inflammatory response and have shown pro- or anti-inflammatory effects in animal models of autoimmune diseases. The cells of the immune system have their own circadian rhythm, and the light-dark cycle directly influences the inflammatory response. On the other hand, patients with autoimmune diseases characteristically have sleep disorders and fatigue, and in certain disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a frank periodicity in the signs and symptoms is recognized...
February 27, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228694/survey-of-primary-contact-medical-and-chiropractic-clinicians-on-self-reported-knowledge-and-recognition-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries-a-pilot-study
#10
David N Taylor, Frank J Ponce, Stephen J Dyess
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the self-reported knowledge of concussion recognition and treatment with first-contact family medical and chiropractic practitioners by means of a pilot study of the need, construct validity, and feasibility for further investigation of mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) knowledge base. METHODS: Two hundred forty-eight practicing chiropractic and 120 medical physicians in the south and northeastern sections of the United States were contacted by e-mail, telephone, and postal mail to answer an 18-item survey on knowledge, diagnosis, and common practice with respect to traumatic brain injury patients...
March 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195603/classification-of-exudative-age-related-macular-degeneration-with-pachyvessels-on-en-face-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#11
Danny Siu-Chun Ng, Malini Bakthavatsalam, Frank Hiu-Ping Lai, Carol Yim-Lui Cheung, Gemmy Chu-Ming Cheung, Fang Yao Tang, Chi Wai Tsang, Timothy Yuk-Yau Lai, Tien Yin Wong, Mårten Erik Brelén
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to classify exudative maculopathy by the presence of pachyvessels on en face swept-source optical coherence tomography (SSOCT). Methods: Consecutive patients with signs of exudative maculopathy underwent SSOCT, fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), ultra-widefield fundus color photography, and autofluorescence examinations. Images were analyzed in a masked fashion by two sets of four examiners in different sessions: (1) the presence of pachyvessels in en face OCT and (2) features of exudative maculopathy in conventional imaging modalities...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170093/topical-treatments-for-blepharokeratoconjunctivitis-in-children
#12
REVIEW
Michael O'Gallagher, Catey Bunce, Melanie Hingorani, Frank Larkin, Stephen Tuft, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
BACKGROUND: Blepharokeratoconjunctivitis (BKC) is a type of inflammation of the surface of the eye and eyelids that involves changes of the eyelids, dysfunction of the meibomian glands, and inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea. Chronic inflammation of the cornea can lead to scarring, vascularisation and opacity. BKC in children can cause significant symptoms including irritation, watering, photophobia and loss of vision from corneal opacity, refractive error or amblyopia.Treatment of BKC is directed towards modification of meibomian gland disease and the bacterial flora of lid margin and conjunctiva, and control of ocular surface inflammation...
February 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169088/mapping-structural-covariance-networks-of-facial-emotion-recognition-in-early-psychosis-a-pilot-study
#13
Lisa Buchy, Mariapaola Barbato, Carolina Makowski, Signe Bray, Frank P MacMaster, Stephanie Deighton, Jean Addington
People with psychosis show deficits recognizing facial emotions and disrupted activation in the underlying neural circuitry. We evaluated associations between facial emotion recognition and cortical thickness using a correlation-based approach to map structural covariance networks across the brain. Fifteen people with an early psychosis provided magnetic resonance scans and completed the Penn Emotion Recognition and Differentiation tasks. Fifteen historical controls provided magnetic resonance scans. Cortical thickness was computed using CIVET and analyzed with linear models...
February 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168230/safety-and-efficiency-of-emergency-department-interrogation-of-cardiac-devices
#14
James F Neuenschwander, W Frank Peacock, Madgy Migeed, Sara A Hunter, John C Daughtery, Ian C McCleese, Brian C Hiestand
OBJECTIVE: Patients with implanted cardiac devices may wait extended periods for interrogation in emergency departments (EDs). Our purpose was to determine if device interrogation could be done safely and faster by ED staff. METHODS: Prospective randomized, standard therapy controlled, trial of ED staff device interrogation vs. standard process (SP), with 30-day follow-up. Eligibility criteria: ED presentation with a self-report of a potential device related complaint, with signed informed consent...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166521/rationale-and-design-of-a-clinical-trial-investigating-tolvaptan-safety-and-efficacy-in-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#15
Vicente E Torres, Olivier Devuyst, Arlene B Chapman, Ron T Gansevoort, Ronald D Perrone, John Ouyang, Jaime D Blais, Frank S Czerwiec, Olga Sergeyeva
BACKGROUND: In TEMPO 3:4, the vasopressin V2-receptor antagonist tolvaptan slowed kidney growth and function decline in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients with relatively preserved kidney function. METHODS: Prospective, phase 3b, multi-center, randomized-withdrawal, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of tolvaptan in ADPKD patients with late stage 2 to early stage 4 chronic kidney disease (CKD). The primary endpoint was estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) change from pre-treatment baseline to post-treatment follow-up...
2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166110/high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-elevation-after-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#16
Andreas Duma, Swatilika Pal, Joshua Johnston, Mohammad A Helwani, Adithya Bhat, Bali Gill, Jessica Rosenkvist, Christopher Cartmill, Frank Brown, J Philip Miller, Mitchell G Scott, Francisco Sanchez-Conde, Michael Jarvis, Nuri B Farber, Charles F Zorumski, Charles Conway, Peter Nagele
BACKGROUND: While electroconvulsive therapy is widely regarded as a lifesaving and safe procedure, evidence regarding its effects on myocardial cell injury is sparse. The objective of this investigation was to determine the incidence and magnitude of new cardiac troponin elevation after electroconvulsive therapy using a novel high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I assay. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in adult patients undergoing electroconvulsive therapy in a single academic center (up to three electroconvulsive therapy treatments per patient)...
April 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159870/a-17-year-old-with-chest-pain
#17
Ankoor Y Shah, Megan Jamison, Hansel J Otero, Lawrence Jung, Lowell H Frank, Michael F Guerrera, A Yasmine Kirkorian
A 17-year-old male subject with a history of deep venous thrombosis presented with acute unilateral severe chest pain. His examination was nonspecific, and vital signs were normal. His initial laboratory evaluation revealed mild thrombocytopenia, elevated troponin levels, and critically elevated activated partial thromboplastin time. A computed tomography angiogram of the chest revealed a pulmonary embolus, and anticoagulation therapy was initiated. His course was complicated by the development of multiple thrombi and respiratory failure...
February 3, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152574/glucocorticoids-improve-endothelial-function-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-study-in-rats-with-adjuvant-induced-arthritis
#18
F Verhoeven, P Totoson, K Maguin-Gaté, A Prigent-Tessier, C Marie, D Wendling, J Moretto, C Prati, C Demougeot
To determine the effect of glucocorticoids (GCs) on endothelial dysfunction (ED) and on traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in the adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rat model. At the first signs of AIA, a high dose (HD) [10 mg/kg/day, intraperitoneally (i.p.), GC-HD] or low dose (LD) (1 mg/kg/day, i.p., GC-LD) of prednisolone was administered for 3 weeks. Endothelial function was studied in aortic rings relaxed with acetylcholine (Ach) with or without inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), arginase, endothelium derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) and superoxide anions ( O2-°) production...
February 2, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147208/systemic-granulomatous-and-haemorrhagic-syndrome-in-new-zealand-dairy-cattle
#19
T G Rawdon, K N Buckle, K E Lawrence, K G Thompson, A F Julian, B L Vaatstra, A C Johnstone, J F Weston, R A Fairley
CASE HISTORY: Cases were obtained through passive surveillance reporting by veterinary pathologists, via the Ministry for Primary Industries Exotic Pest and Disease Hotline. They included ill or dead cows that had evidence of frank haemorrhage, petechial haemorrhages on mucous membranes, wasting or dermatitis of unknown cause, and were reported between 2009-2014. Affected cows (n=16) were from nine seasonally calving dairy farms, aged ≥3 years, and were predominantly in their mid-to-late non-lactating period...
February 1, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145688/molecular-aggregate-photophysics-beyond-the-kasha-model-novel-design-principles-for-organic-materials
#20
Nicholas J Hestand, Frank C Spano
The transport and photophysical properties of organic molecular aggregates, films, and crystals continue to receive widespread attention, driven mainly by expanding commercial applications involving display and wearable technologies as well as the promise of efficient, large-area solar cells. The main blueprint for understanding how molecular packing impacts photophysical properties was drafted over five decades ago by Michael Kasha. Kasha showed that the Coulombic coupling between two molecules, as determined by the alignment of their transition dipoles, induces energetic shifts in the main absorption spectral peak and changes in the radiative decay rate when compared to uncoupled molecules...
February 1, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
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