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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415069/comparison-of-bioimpedance-and-underwater-weighing-body-fat-percentage-before-and-acutely-after-exercise-at-varying-intensities
#1
Brett S Nickerson, Michael R Esco, Brian M Kliszczewicz, Todd J Freeborn
Nickerson, BS, Esco, MR, Kliszczewicz, BM, and Freeborn, TJ. Comparison of bioimpedance and underwater weighing body fat percentage before and acutely after exercise at varying intensities. J Strength Cond Res 31(5): 1395-1402, 2017-The purpose of this study was to compare single-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) with underwater weighing (UWW) body fat percentage (BF%) before (PRE), immediately post (IP), and 60 minutes post (60P) an acute bout of moderate and vigorous aerobic exercise...
May 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412949/skin-whitening-among-cameroonian-female-university-students-knowledge-attitudes-practices-and-motivations
#2
Emmanuel Armand Kouotou, Jobert Richie N Nansseu, Hugues Adegbidi, Theophane Christel Joel Zoa Mebara, Elie Claude Ndjitoyap Ndam
BACKGROUND: Lack of data on skin whitening (SW) among Cameroonian female university students prompted us to undertake the present study which aimed at assessing the knowledge, attitudes, practices and motivations of female university students vis-a-vis SW. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from January to April 2013 in 4 university campuses of Yaoundé, Cameroon. Any female student regularly registered in one of the study sites, who was present at the campus when the investigator visited and volunteered to participate in the study was enrolled...
April 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406728/clinical-evaluation-of-a-polyherbal-nutritional-supplement-in-dyslipidemic-volunteers
#3
Subramanian Suganya, Subapriya Natarajan, Duraipandian Chamundeeswari, Anand Anbarasu, Kunissery A Balasubramanian, Lynn C Schneider, Balaji Nandagopal
Ten important plant parts routinely used in South Indian ethnic food preparation as spices and condiments were investigated for their potential antidyslipidemic properties. The aim of the study was to characterize the biochemical properties of the polyherbal formulation (nutritional supplement) and evaluate its use to control dyslipidemia in patients. Phytochemical evaluation, in vitro α-amylase inhibitory assay, and high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) fingerprinting were carried out with alcoholic extracts of all 10 individual plants and with the nutritional supplement...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389539/microbiota-in-exhaled-breath-condensate-and-the-lung
#4
Laura Glendinning, Steven Wright, Peter Tennant, Andrew C Gill, David Collie, Gerry McLachlan
The lung microbiota is commonly sampled using relatively invasive bronchoscopic procedures. Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) collection potentially offers a less invasive alternative for lung microbiota sampling. We compared lung microbiota samples retrieved by protected specimen brushings (PSB) and exhaled breath condensate collection. We also sought to assess whether aerosolised antibiotic treatment would influence the lung microbiota and whether EBC was sensitive enough to detect such changes.EBC was collected from 6 conscious sheep, and then from the same anaesthetised sheep during mechanical ventilation...
April 7, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389399/integrating-musculoskeletal-education-and-patient-care-at-medical-student-run-free-clinics
#5
Thomas McQuillan, Nate Wilcox-Fogel, Emily Kraus, Amy Ladd, Michael Fredericson
BACKGROUND: Student-run free clinics (SRFCs) have emerged as an important educational component of United States (US) medical schools. Despite the prevalence of musculoskeletal (MSK) problems presenting to SRFCs, students and clinics are often unprepared to diagnose and treat common MSK complaints. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the scope of diagnosis and treatment at a medical student-run free clinic specializing in musculoskeletal care utilizing physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) residents...
April 4, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329603/job-recruitment
#6
University Of California Davis School Of Medicine
The University of California Davis, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology is recruiting for a full-time position at the Associate or Full Professor level in the Clinical X Series or Health Sciences Clinical Professor (HSCP) Series. The successful candidate is nominated to be the holder of the Frederick G. Novy, Jr. M.D Endowed Professorship. Appointees to the ClinX series are expected to conduct independent research. Both series require significant participation in teaching and University/public service...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317660/safety-tolerability-and-efficacy-of-intradermal-rabies-immunization-with-debioject%C3%A2
#7
Paul Vescovo, Nils Rettby, Nirinarilala Ramaniraka, Julie Liberman, Karen Hart, Astrid Cachemaille, Laurent-Dominique Piveteau, Reto Zanoni, Pierre-Alexandre Bart, Giuseppe Pantaleo
In a single-center study, 66 healthy volunteers aged between 18 and 50years were randomized to be immunized against rabies with three different injection routes: intradermal with DebioJect™ (IDJ), standard intradermal with classical needle (IDS), also called Mantoux method, and intramuscular with classical needle (IM). "Vaccin rabique Pasteur®" and saline solution (NaCl 0.9%) were administered at D0, D7 and D28. Antigen doses for both intradermal routes were 1/5 of the dose for IM. Tolerability, safety and induced immunogenicity of IDJ were compared to IDS and IM routes...
March 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315612/ultrasound-assessment-of-peripheral-nerve-pathology-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-and-2
#8
Natalie Winter, Tim W Rattay, Hubertus Axer, Eva Schäffer, Bernhard F Décard, Isabel Gugel, Martin Schuhmann, Alexander Grimm
OBJECTIVE: The neurofibromatoses (NF) type 1 and 2 are hereditary tumor predisposition syndromes caused by germline mutations in the NF1 and NF2 tumor suppressor genes. In NF1 and 2, peripheral nerve tumors occur regularly. For further characterizing nerve ultrasound was performed in patients with NF1 and 2. METHODS: Patients with established diagnosis of NF1 (n=27) and NF2 (n=10) were included. Ultrasound of peripheral nerves and cervical roots was performed during routine follow-up visits...
May 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300372/lung-volume-reproducibility-under-abc-control-and-self-sustained-breath-holding
#9
Evangelia Kaza, Alex Dunlop, Rafal Panek, David J Collins, Matthew Orton, Richard Symonds-Tayler, Dualta McQuaid, Erica Scurr, Vibeke Hansen, Martin O Leach
An Active Breathing Coordinator (ABC) can be employed to induce breath-holds during CT imaging and radiotherapy of lung, breast and liver cancer, and recently during lung cancer MRI. The apparatus measures and controls respiratory volume, hence subject lung volume reproducibility is its principal measure of effectiveness. To assess ABC control quality, the intra-session reproducibility of ABC-induced lung volumes was evaluated and compared with that reached by applying the clinical standard of operator-guided self-sustained breath-holds on healthy volunteers during MRI...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284926/moderate-short-term-local-hyperglycemia-attenuates-forearm-endothelium-dependent-vasodilation-after-transient-ischemia-reperfusion-in-human-volunteers
#10
Thomas J Ebert, Jutta Novalija, Jill A Barney, Toni D Uhrich, Shahbaz R Arain, Julie K Freed, Paul S Pagel
OBJECTIVE: Acute hyperglycemia causes endothelial dysfunction in diabetic patients, abolishes ischemic pre- and postconditioning, and is an independent predictor of adverse outcome after myocardial infarction in nondiabetic patients. Its effects on endothelial-dependent vasodilation are controversial in healthy subjects. The authors studied the effect of moderate short-term local hyperglycemia on forearm endothelium-dependent vasodilation in healthy volunteers. DESIGN: Randomized, crossover, blinded, 2-visit, pilot design...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275375/a-comparative-phase-i-study-of-combination-homologous-subtype-c-dna-mva-and-env-gp140-protein-adjuvant-hiv-vaccines-in-two-immunization-regimes
#11
Sarah Joseph, Killian Quinn, Aldona Greenwood, Alethea V Cope, Paul F McKay, Peter J Hayes, Jakub T Kopycinski, Jill Gilmour, Aleisha N Miller, Christof Geldmacher, Yuka Nadai, Mohamed I M Ahmed, David C Montefiori, Len Dally, George Bouliotis, David J M Lewis, Roger Tatoud, Ralf Wagner, Mariano Esteban, Robin J Shattock, Sheena McCormack, Jonathan Weber
There remains an urgent need for a prophylactic HIV vaccine. We compared combined MVA and adjuvanted gp140 to sequential MVA/gp140 after DNA priming. We expected Env-specific CD4+ T-cells after DNA and MVA priming, and Env-binding antibodies in 100% individuals after boosting with gp140 and that combined vaccines would not compromise safety and might augment immunogenicity. Forty volunteers were primed three times with DNA plasmids encoding (CN54) env and (ZM96) gag-pol-nef at 0, 4 and 8 weeks then boosted with MVA-C (CN54 env and gag-pol-nef) and glucopyranosyl lipid adjuvant-aqueous formulation (GLA-AF) adjuvanted CN54gp140...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275087/community-health-workers-as-social-marketers-of-injectable-contraceptives-a-case-study-from-ethiopia
#12
REVIEW
Karen Weidert, Amanuel Gessessew, Suzanne Bell, Hagos Godefay, Ndola Prata
Ethiopia has made notable progress in increasing awareness and knowledge of family planning and is considered a success story among funders and program planners. Yet unmet need among rural women (28.6%) is almost double that of urban women (15.5%), with a wide gap in total fertility rate depending on urban (2.6) or rural (5.5) residence. This study investigates the impact of a service delivery model that combines community-based distribution (CBD) of contraception with social marketing in Tigray, Ethiopia, to create a more sustainable approach to CBD...
March 8, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272697/research-on-the-relations-between-the-variation-of-mirna-184-before-and-after-treatment-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-prognosis
#13
Z-H Liu, X-P Sun, S-L Zhou, H-X Wang
OBJECTIVE: Several miRNAs have been shown to be released into the circulation and play roles during acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study aimed at detecting the variation of miRNA-184 before and after treatment of acute myocardial infarction and assessing its prognostic value. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 72 AMI patients participated in the study, alongside 10 patients with stable coronary disease and 10 healthy volunteers for comparison. The expression levels of miRNA-184 were measured in AMI patients at 6 h, 12 h, 48 h, 7 d, and 14 d after the onset of symptoms, using blood samples and an RT-PCR method...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271554/examination-of-wound-healing-after-curettage-by-multiphoton-tomography-of-human-skin-in-vivo
#14
S Springer, M Zieger, A Böttcher, J Lademann, M Kaatz
BACKGROUND: The multiphoton tomography (MPT) has evolved into a useful tool for the non-invasive investigation of morphological and biophysical characteristics of human skin in vivo. Until now, changes of the skin have been evaluated mainly by using clinical and histological techniques. In this study, the progress of wound healing was investigated by MPT over 3 weeks with a final examination after 24 months. Especially, the collagen degradation, reepithelization and tissue formation were examined...
March 7, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270201/exploration-of-haplotype-research-consortium-imputation-for-genome-wide-association-studies-in-20-032-generation-scotland-participants
#15
Reka Nagy, Thibaud S Boutin, Jonathan Marten, Jennifer E Huffman, Shona M Kerr, Archie Campbell, Louise Evenden, Jude Gibson, Carmen Amador, David M Howard, Pau Navarro, Andrew Morris, Ian J Deary, Lynne J Hocking, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Blair H Smith, Peter Joshi, James F Wilson, Nicholas D Hastie, Alan F Wright, Andrew M McIntosh, David J Porteous, Chris S Haley, Veronique Vitart, Caroline Hayward
BACKGROUND: The Generation Scotland: Scottish Family Health Study (GS:SFHS) is a family-based population cohort with DNA, biological samples, socio-demographic, psychological and clinical data from approximately 24,000 adult volunteers across Scotland. Although data collection was cross-sectional, GS:SFHS became a prospective cohort due to of the ability to link to routine Electronic Health Record (EHR) data. Over 20,000 participants were selected for genotyping using a large genome-wide array...
March 7, 2017: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253839/effectiveness-of-integrated-care-on-delaying-progression-of-stage-3-4-chronic-kidney-disease-in-rural-communities-of-thailand-escort-study-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Teerayuth Jiamjariyapon, Atiporn Ingsathit, Krit Pongpirul, Kotcharat Vipattawat, Suphattra Kanchanakorn, Akhathai Saetie, Duangjit Kanistanon, Patimaporn Wongprompitak, Vinai Leesmidt, Watcharapong Watcharasaksilp, Wei Wang, Anil K Chandraker, Kriang Tungsanga
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, renal specialists are scarce and physician-to-patient contact time is limited. While conventional hospital-based, physician-oriented approach has been the main focus of chronic kidney disease (CKD) care, a comprehensive multidisciplinary health care program (Integrated CKD Care) has been introduced as an alternate intervention to delay CKD progression in a community population. The main objective is to assess effectiveness of Integrated CKD Care in delaying CKD progression...
March 2, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230696/the-call-to-service-is-personal-from-vietnam-to-red-cross-volunteer
#17
Robert J Hassmiller
Updated several times a week with posts by a wide variety of authors, AJN's blog Off the Charts allows us to provide more timely-and often more personal-perspectives on professional, policy, and clinical issues. Best of the Blog will be a regular column to bring AJN readers recent posts that we think deserve a wider audience. To read more, please visit: www.ajnoffthecharts.com.
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228424/widespread-sucralose-exposure-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-in-healthy-young-adults
#18
Allison C Sylvetsky, Peter J Walter, H Martin Garraffo, Kim Robien, Kristina I Rother
Background: Low-calorie sweeteners (LCSs) are found in many foods and beverages, but consumers may not realize their presence, and their role in appetite, weight, and health is controversial. Although consumption limits based on toxicologic safety are well established, the threshold required to exert clinically relevant metabolic effects is unknown.Objectives: This study aimed to determine whether individuals who do not report consumption of LCSs can be correctly characterized as "unexposed" and to investigate whether instructions to avoid LCSs are effective in minimizing exposure...
April 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192745/accepted-monitoring-or-endured-quarantine-ebola-contacts-perceptions-in-senegal
#19
Alice Desclaux, Dioumel Badji, Albert Gautier Ndione, Khoudia Sow
During the 2014-2016 West Africa Ebola epidemic, transmission chains were controlled through contact tracing, i.e., identification and follow-up of people exposed to Ebola cases. WHO recommendations for daily check-ups of physical symptoms with social distancing for 21 days were unevenly applied and sometimes interpreted as quarantine. Criticisms arose regarding the use of coercion and questioned contact tracing on ethical grounds. This article aims to analyze contact cases' perceptions and acceptance of contact monitoring at the field level...
February 7, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167957/histological-and-immunohistochemical-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-a-new-cosmetic-formulation-in-the-treatment-of-skin-photoaging
#20
M T Truchuelo, N Jiménez, L Miguel-Gomez, A Hermosa, N Sánchez-Neila, J Cuevas
Objective. Mechanism of action of cosmetic products is not often studied. The aim of this study is to determine the histological, immunohistochemical, and clinical changes of a new cosmetic formulation. Methods. Prospective, single-blind, patient-controlled, randomized study in 10 volunteers with mild to moderate skin photoaging on the back of their hands. The product was applied on one hand and a standard cream on the other hand, twice a day for three months. Standardized photographs were taken on basal (T0) and final visit (T1) and skin biopsies were performed...
2017: Dermatology Research and Practice
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