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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325171/maternal-and-child-health-handbook-use-for-maternal-and-child-care-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-study-in-rural-java-indonesia
#1
Keiko Osaki, Tomoko Hattori, Akemi Toda, Erna Mulati, Lukas Hermawan, Kirana Pritasari, Saptawati Bardosono, Soewarta Kosen
Background: Effectiveness of the Maternal and Child Health Handbook (MCHHB), a home-based booklet for pregnancy, delivery and postnatal/child health, was evaluated on care acquisition and home care in rural Java, a low service-coverage area. Methods: We conducted a health centre-based randomized trial, with a 2-year follow-up. Intervention included (i) MCHHB provision at antenatal care visits; (ii) records and guides by health personnel on and with the MCHHB; and (iii) sensitization of care by volunteers using the MCHHB...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320539/the-impact-of-electronic-consultation-on-a-canadian-tertiary-care-pediatric-specialty-referral-system-a-prospective-single-center-observational-study
#2
Lillian Lai, Clare Liddy, Erin Keely, Amir Afkham, Julia Kurzawa, Nishard Abdeen, Tobey Audcent, Matthew Bromwich, Jason Brophy, Sasha Carsen, Annick Fournier, Leigh Fraser-Roberts, Hazen Gandy, Charles Hui, Donna Johnston, Kathryn Keely, Ken Kontio, Christine Lamontagne, Nathalie Major, Michael O'Connor, Dhenuka Radhakrishnan, Joe Reisman, Marjorie Robb, Lindy Samson, Erick Sell, William Splinter, Judy van Stralen, Sunita Venkateswaran, Kimmo Murto
BACKGROUND: Champlain BASE™ (Building Access to Specialists through eConsultation) is a web-based asynchronous electronic communication service that allows primary-care- practitioners (PCPs) to submit "elective" clinical questions to a specialist. For adults, PCPs have reported improved access and timeliness to specialist advice, averted face-to-face specialist referrals in up to 40% of cases and high provider satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the expansion of eConsult to a pediatric setting would result in similar measures of improved healthcare system process and high provider acceptance reported in adults...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288602/the-types-and-management-of-dental-trauma-during-military-service-in-finland
#3
Atte Antikainen, Pertti Patinen, Jari Päkkilä, Leo Tjäderhane, Vuokko Anttonen
All Finnish males must attend compulsory military service that lasts from six months to one year. About 25 000 males (approximately 80% of each age cohort) and 400 volunteer females complete the service annually. The aim of the study was to investigate the types of dental trauma occurring among Finnish conscripts during their military service. The article also focused on how dental traumas is are treated in the Finnish Defence Forces MATERIAL AND METHODS: All dental records in the Defence Forces' patient register concerning dental trauma during the years 2011 and 2012 were analysed by tooth number, treatment procedures and number of visits RESULTS: According to the patient register, 361 conscripts suffered an oral trauma during their military service; thus, the average annual incidence was 7...
December 30, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287066/variance-components-associated-with-long-echo-time-mr-spectroscopic-imaging-in-human-brain-at-1-5t-and-3t
#4
Michael J Thrippleton, Jehill P Parikh, Scott I K Semple, Bridget A Harris, Peter J D Andrews, Joanna M Wardlaw, Ian Marshall
OBJECT: Magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) is increasingly used in medicine and clinical research. Previous reliability studies have used small samples and focussed on limited aspects of variability; information regarding 1.5T versus 3T performance is lacking. The aim of the present work was to measure the inter-session, intra-session, inter-subject, within-brain and residual variance components using both 1.5T and 3T MR scanners. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven healthy volunteers were invited for MRSI scanning on three occasions at both 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259538/reliability-of-glutamate-quantification-in-human-nucleus-accumbens-using-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-at-a-70-cm-wide-bore-clinical-3t-mri-system
#5
Xi-Long Liu, Long Li, Jian-Neng Li, Jia-Hui Rong, Bo Liu, Ze-Xuan Hu
The human nucleus accumbens is a challenging region to study using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) on a 70-cm wide-bore clinical 3T MRI system. The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability for quantitative measurement of glutamate concentration in the nucleus accumbens using a 70-cm wide-bore clinical 3T MRI. 1H-MRS of the nucleus accumbens was acquired using the Point-Resolved Spectroscopic Sequence (PRESS) with echo time of 40 ms from 10 healthy volunteers (5 female; age range: 18-30 years) on two separate visits (a baseline, and 1-month time point)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250819/an-exploration-of-factors-associated-with-older-persons-perceptions-of-the-benefits-of-and-satisfaction-with-a-preventive-home-visit-service
#6
Mette Tøien, Ida Torunn Bjørk, Lisbeth Fagerström
BACKGROUND: Preventive home visits (PHVs) are healthcare services aimed at promoting the health of home-dwelling older people and to support their abilities to live independently. To enhance effectiveness, studies that explore older persons' experiences of PHVs are needed. OBJECTIVE: To assess older persons' perceived benefits and opinions of a PHV service and explore associations between perceived benefits from PHV and relevant sociodemographic/health-related factors...
December 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241617/effectiveness-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-led-by-female-community-health-volunteers-versus-usual-care-in-blood-pressure-reduction-cobin-an-open-label-cluster-randomised-trial
#7
Dinesh Neupane, Craig S McLachlan, Shiva Raj Mishra, Michael Hecht Olsen, Henry B Perry, Arjun Karki, Per Kallestrup
INTRODUCTION: Elevated blood pressure greatly contributes to cardiovascular deaths in low-income and middle-income countries. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a population-level intervention led by existing community health workers in reducing the burden of hypertension in a low-income population. METHODS: We did a community-based, open-label, two-group, cluster-randomised controlled trial in Nepal. Using computer-generated codes, we randomly assigned (1:1) 14 clusters to a lifestyle intervention led by female community health volunteers (FCHVs) or usual care (control group)...
January 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208588/app-supported-promotion-of-child-growth-and-development-by-community-health-workers-in-kenya-feasibility-and-acceptability-study
#8
Alastair van Heerden, Debjeet Sen, Chris Desmond, Julia Louw, Linda Richter
BACKGROUND: Early childhood is a critical phase of development. In low resource settings, monitoring this stage of development and providing appropriate and timely feedback is a challenge. Community-based service providers play a key role in promoting early childhood development in areas where government services are weak. These community-based service providers are also tasked with the collection of monitoring and evaluation data for donors and local government. Usually, collection of these data aims to provide accountability, learning, and correction leading to improvement...
December 5, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202158/therapeutic-value-of-medical-marijuana-in-new-jersey-patients-a-community-partnership-research-endeavor
#9
Tara L Crowell
OBJECTIVE: The Public Health Program at Stockton University partnered with the Compassionate Care Foundation to ascertain the impact of medical marijuana on patients in New Jersey. METHODS: Patients volunteered to complete a survey once a month for 8 months. The survey explored their use, form, and strain of medical marijuana and its influence on pain and 12 other physical and mental health variables. Also, an increase or decrease in other medication taken and any unexpected outcomes were recorded...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180546/impact-of-a-novel-wellness-group-visit-model-on-obesity-and-behavior-change
#10
Karen Axten, Kerri Hawkins, David J Tybor, Josh Bernoff, Wayne Altman
BACKGROUND: Increasing weight-related illness in the United States has led to 120,000 preventable deaths annually and soaring medical costs. Treating patients in a group setting may be more effective than traditional care (TC) in achieving behavioral change. We studied a wellness-group (WG) model to determine whether it could generate sustained behavioral change and weight loss in a subset of patients. METHODS: 99 patients with a body mass index (BMI) >30 kg/m2 from 1 family practice volunteered to participate in a 15-visit WG co-led by a family physician and dietitian...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177055/population-characteristics-of-golden-retriever-lifetime-study-enrollees
#11
Melissa Simpson, Erin Searfoss, Sharon Albright, Diane E Brown, Barbara Wolfe, Nancy K Clark, Susan E McCann, David Haworth, Mike Guy, Rod Page
Background: Studying cancer and other diseases poses a problem due to their protracted and multifactorial nature. Prospective studies are useful to investigate chronic disease processes since collection of lifestyle information, exposure data and co-incident health issues are collected before the condition manifests. The Golden Retriever Lifetime Study is one of the first prospective studies following privately-owned dogs throughout life to investigate the incidence and risk factors for disease outcomes, especially cancer...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169882/reproducibility-of-vessel-density-fractal-dimension-and-foveal-avascular-zone-using-7-different-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-devices
#12
Federico Corvi, Marco Pellegrini, Stefano Erba, Mariano Cozzi, Giovanni Staurenghi, Andrea Giani
PURPOSE: To evaluate the reproducibility of parafoveal microvascular anatomy of 7 different optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) devices by comparing vessels density (VD), fractal dimension (FD) and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) of superficial and deep capillary plexus in healthy volunteers. DESIGN: Reliability analysis. METHODS: Consecutive healthy volunteers presenting at the Eye Clinic, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan in the same clinic visit were imaged by 7 different OCT-A devices: Optovue RTVue XR Avanti (Optovue, Inc, Fremont, CA), prototype Spectralis OCT-A (Spectralis Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany), AngioPlex (Cirrus 5000 HD-OCT, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc), prototype PlexElite (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA), RS-3000 Advance (Nidek, Gamagori, Japan), OCT-HS100 (Canon, Tokyo, Japan) and Revo NX (Optopol technology SA, Zawiercie, Poland)...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158771/implementation-and-evaluation-of-community-based-drop-in-centres-for-breastfeeding-support-in-victoria-australia
#13
Rhian L Cramer, Helen L McLachlan, Touran Shafiei, Lisa H Amir, Meabh Cullinane, Rhonda Small, Della A Forster
Background: While Australia has high breastfeeding initiation, there is a sharp decline in the first weeks postpartum and this continues throughout the first year. Supporting breastfeeding In Local Communities (SILC) was a three-arm cluster randomised controlled trial to determine whether early home-based breastfeeding support by a maternal and child health nurse (SILC-MCHN), with or without access to a community-based breastfeeding drop-in centre, increased the proportion of infants receiving any breast milk at three, four and six months...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155236/evaluation-of-sampling-and-storage-procedures-on-preserving-the-community-structure-of-stool-microbiota-a-simple-at-home-toilet-paper-collection-method
#14
Kait F Al, Jordan E Bisanz, Greg B Gloor, Gregor Reid, Jeremy P Burton
BACKGROUND: The increasing interest on the impact of the gut microbiota on health and disease has resulted in multiple human microbiome-related studies emerging. However, multiple sampling methods are being used, making cross-comparison of results difficult. To avoid additional clinic visits and increase patient recruitment to these studies, there is the potential to utilize at-home stool sampling. The aim of this pilot study was to compare simple self-sampling collection and storage methods...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147058/volunteer-provision-of-long-term-care-for-older-people-in-thailand-and-costa-rica
#15
Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Anne Margriet Pot, Siriphan Sasat, Fernando Morales-Martinez
Problem: Demand for long-term care services for older people is increasing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries. Countries need to establish national long-term care systems that are sustainable and equitable. Approach: The Governments of Costa Rica and Thailand have implemented broadly comparable interventions to deploy volunteers in long-term home care. Both countries trained older volunteers from local communities to make home visits to impoverished and vulnerable older people and to facilitate access to health services and other social services...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140876/evidence-based-guidance-to-assist-volunteers-working-with-at-risk-children-in-a-school-context
#16
Emmy De Buck, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Karin Hannes
AIM: One of the activities of the Belgian Red Cross is the 'Bridging the Gap' project, in collaboration with local schools. In this project, volunteers join the teaching staff to improve personal development goals in at-risk children with poor performance. The aim of this study was to develop evidence-based guidance for the volunteers to help them choose the right didactical approach for supporting these children. METHOD: Systematic literature searches were performed in three bibliographic databases (the Campbell Library, MEDLINE and ERIC) to find the effectiveness of 16 different didactical activities...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134744/acute-oral-sodium-propionate-supplementation-raises-resting-energy-expenditure-and-lipid-oxidation-in-fasted-humans
#17
Edward S Chambers, Claire S Byrne, Karen Aspey, Yanjie Chen, Saadiyah Khan, Douglas J Morrison, Gary Frost
Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), produced from fermentation of dietary fibre by the gut microbiota, have been suggested to modulate energy metabolism. Previous work using rodent models have demonstrated that oral supplementation of the SCFA propionate raises resting energy expenditure (REE) by promoting lipid oxidation. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of oral sodium propionate on REE and substrate metabolism in humans. Eighteen healthy volunteers (9 females and 9 males; Age: 25±1 y; Body Mass Index: 24...
November 13, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132268/simplifying-logistics-and-avoiding-the-unnecessary-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-sentinel-node-biopsy-a-prospective-feasibility-trial-of-the-preoperative-injection-of-super-paramagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#18
A Karakatsanis, H Olofsson, P Stålberg, L Bergkvist, S Abdsaleh, F Wärnberg
PURPOSE: Sentinel node is routinely localized with the intraoperative use of a radioactive tracer, involving challenging logistics. Super paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle is a non-radioactive tracer with comparable performance that could allow for preoperative localization, would simplify the procedure, and possibly be of value in axillary mapping before neoadjuvant treatment. The current trial aimed to determine the a priori hypothesis that the injection of super paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in the preoperative period for the localization of the sentinel node is feasible...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130869/effects-of-a-museum-based-social-prescription-intervention-on-quantitative-measures-of-psychological-wellbeing-in-older-adults
#19
Linda J Thomson, Bridget Lockyer, Paul M Camic, Helen J Chatterjee
AIMS: To assess psychological wellbeing in a novel social prescription intervention for older adults called Museums on Prescription and to explore the extent of change over time in six self-rated emotions ('absorbed', 'active', 'cheerful', 'encouraged', 'enlightened' and 'inspired'). METHODS: Participants ( n = 115) aged 65-94 years were referred to museum-based programmes comprising 10 weekly sessions, by healthcare and third sector organisations using inclusion criteria (e...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124420/mixed-method-evaluation-of-social-media-based-tools-and-traditional-strategies-to-recruit-high-risk-and-hard-to-reach-populations-into-an-hiv-prevention-intervention-study
#20
Sarah J Iribarren, Alhasan Ghazzawi, Alan Z Sheinfil, Timothy Frasca, William Brown, Javier Lopez-Rios, Christine T Rael, Iván C Balán, Raynier Crespo, Curtis Dolezal, Rebecca Giguere, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
Men who have sex with men and transgender women are hard-to-reach populations for research. Social media-based tools may overcome certain barriers in accessing these groups and are being tested in an ongoing study exploring HIV home-test kit use to reduce risk behavior. We analyzed pre-screening responses about how volunteers learned about the study (n = 896) and demographic data from eligible participants who came for an initial study visit (n = 216) to determine the strengths and weaknesses of recruitment strategies...
November 9, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
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