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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903560/commonly-prescribed-drugs-associate-with-cognitive-function-a-cross-sectional-study-in-uk-biobank
#1
Alejo J Nevado-Holgado, Chi-Hun Kim, Laura Winchester, John Gallacher, Simon Lovestone
OBJECTIVE: To investigate medications associated with cognitive function. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: UK Biobank. PARTICIPANTS: UK Biobank participants aged 37-73 years who completed cognitive tests at the baseline visit in 2006-2010. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cognitive test outcomes on verbal-numerical reasoning test (n=165 493), memory test (n=482 766) and reaction time test (n=496 813)...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870192/-effective-volunteerism-helping-child-caregivers-in-developing-countries
#2
Alexandra Murray Harrison
This article proposes a method of volunteering mental health consultation to child caregivers in developing countries in the context of episodic visits and a long-term relationship. It is derived from the author's experience doing this work for approximately 12 years. The two foundational features of the method-the role of a consultant and a long-term relationship-are described. The method is then elaborated in two settings: consultation to caregivers in an orphanage in Central America and at a hospital in India...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865924/effects-of-a-coordinated-farmland-bird-conservation-project-on-farmers-intentions-to-implement-nature-conservation-practices-evidence-from-the-swedish-volunteer-farmer-alliance
#3
Jonas Josefsson, Anne Marike Lokhorst, Tomas Pärt, Åke Berg, Sönke Eggers
To increase the efficacy of agri-environmental schemes (AES), as well as farmers' environmental engagement, practitioners are increasingly turning to collective forms of agri-environmental management. As yet, empirical evidence from such approaches is relatively scarce. Here, we examined a farmland bird conservation project coordinated by BirdLife Sweden, the Swedish Volunteer & Farmer Alliance (SVFA). The key features of the SVFA were farmland bird inventories from volunteering birdwatchers and on-farm visits to individual farmers from conservation advisors for guidance on AES as well as unsubsidised practices...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865243/lessons-learnt-from-active-tuberculosis-case-finding-in-an-urban-slum-setting-of-agra-city-india
#4
Banuru Muralidhara Prasad, Srinath Satyanarayana, Sarabjit Singh Chadha
Active case finding (ACF) is recognized as one of the key strategies to reach the missing 3 million cases in high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries. In India, we conducted ACF as a pilot project to assess its operational feasibility in four slums of Agra city in 2012 and covered 3940 households (in 14 wards) with a population of 21,870. Trained community volunteers visited households with an intention to provide information on TB and refer those with cough ≥2 weeks for sputum smear examination. Volunteers identified 8 persons with cough of ≥2 weeks by asking the first or the main respondent of the household...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857944/macular-carotenoid-supplementation-improves-disability-glare-performance-and-dynamics-of-photostress-recovery
#5
James M Stringham, Kevin J O'Brien, Nicole T Stringham
BACKGROUND: The so-called macular carotenoids (MC) lutein (L), zeaxanthin (Z), and meso-zeaxanthin (MZ) comprise the diet-derived macular pigment (MP). The purpose of this study was to determine effects of MC supplementation on the optical density of MP (MPOD), repeated-exposure photostress recovery (PSR), and disability glare (DG) thresholds. METHODS: This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Fifty-nine young (mean age = 21.7), healthy volunteers participated in this study...
2016: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855429/the-relation-of-religious-attitudes-and-behaviours-with-depression-in-boarding-quran-course-students
#6
Onur Ozturk, Alper M Celik, Eylem Isik Uyar
BACKGROUND: Boarding Quran courses are religious institutions where course attendees spend large part of the year. Depression is an ever-increasing health problem. So, it is worth to study on the effects of religion concept and religious belief and behaviours' that religion concept brings, on depression. The main purpose of this study, is to analyse the effect of religious attitudes and behaviours on depression in Quran course / hafiz students. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study is a cross sectional, case-control survey research...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852516/changes-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-in-family-medicine-practices-in-the-bursa-region
#7
Olgun Göktaş, Özen Öz Gül, Erdinç Ertürk
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the treatment and monitoring patterns of type 2 diabetes patients in the Bursa region over the last 5 years since the implementation of family practice in Turkey in 2010. METHODS: A total of 216 volunteer family doctors working in family health centers took part in this study. The records of 44,819 diabetic patients who visited these doctors between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2014 were inspected retrospectively...
November 13, 2016: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852249/assessment-of-work-related-asthma-prevalence-control-and-severity-protocol-of-a-field-study
#8
Hermine Mével, Valérie Demange, Emmanuelle Penven, Christian Trontin, Pascal Wild, Christophe Paris
BACKGROUND: There are still uncertainties regarding the respective prevalence, diagnosis and management of occupational asthma (OA) and work-exacerbated asthma (WEA). There is as yet no standardized methodology to differentiate their diagnosis. A proper management of both OA and WEA requires tools for a good phenotyping in terms of control, severity and quality of life in order to propose case-specific therapeutical and preventive measures. Moreover, there is a lack of knowledge concerning their actual costs...
November 16, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846124/effectiveness-and-experiences-of-families-and-support-workers-participating-in-peer-led-parenting-support-programs-delivered-as-home-visiting-programs-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#9
Ailsa Munns, Robin Watts, Desley Hegney, Roz Walker
BACKGROUND: Designing child and family health services to meet the diverse needs of contemporary families is intended to minimize impacts of early disadvantage and subsequent lifelong health and social issues. Innovative programs to engage families with child and family support services have led to interest in the potential value of peer-led home visiting from parents in local communities. There is a range of benefits and challenges identified in a limited number of studies associated with home visiting peer support...
October 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820717/seasonal-effect-on-ocular-sun-exposure-and-conjunctival-uv-autofluorescence
#10
Kristina M Haworth, Heather L Chandler
PURPOSE: To evaluate feasibility and repeatability of measures for ocular sun exposure and conjunctival ultraviolet autofluorescence (UVAF), and to test for relationships between the outcomes. METHODS: Fifty volunteers were seen for two visits 14 ± 2 days apart. Ocular sun exposure was estimated over a 2-week time period using questionnaires that quantified time outdoors and ocular protection habits. Conjunctival UVAF was imaged using a Nikon D7000 camera system equipped with appropriate flash and filter system; image analysis was done using ImageJ software...
November 4, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815985/the-effectiveness-of-using-a-bath-oil-to-reduce-signs-of-dry-skin-a-randomized-controlled-pragmatic-study
#11
Jan Kottner, Varvara Kanti, Gabor Dobos, Elisabeth Hahnel, Andrea Lichterfeld-Kottner, Claudia Richter, Kathrin Hillmann, Annika Vogt, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi
BACKGROUND: Dry skin (xerosis cutis) is increasingly recognized as a relevant health problem in daily life and in health and nursing care. The use of bath additives such as oils is common to reduce dry skin, but empirical evidence supporting this practice is limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using a bath oil additive in improving skin barrier function and ameliorating dry skin in comparison to non-oil containing skin cleansers for bathing or showering...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809819/helping-palliative-care-healthcare-professionals-get-the-most-out-of-mentoring-in-a-low-income-country-a-qualitative-study
#12
J L Whitehurst, J Rowlands
BACKGROUND: Being a mentor in any setting brings challenges in addition to recognised benefits. Working in a low-income country confers specific challenges including logistical and communication issues. The need to adequately support UK-based international health volunteers prior to, during and after their trip is recognised at government level. Whilst the need to support mentors is recognised little is known about their support needs. This study aims to explore the lived experience of mentorship in a low-income country and gain insight into mentors' support and information needs and the barriers and facilitators to mentoring...
November 4, 2016: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803331/rapid-and-independent-memory-formation-in-the-parietal-cortex
#13
Svenja Brodt, Dorothee Pöhlchen, Virginia L Flanagin, Stefan Glasauer, Steffen Gais, Monika Schönauer
Previous evidence indicates that the brain stores memory in two complementary systems, allowing both rapid plasticity and stable representations at different sites. For memory to be established in a long-lasting neocortical store, many learning repetitions are considered necessary after initial encoding into hippocampal circuits. To elucidate the dynamics of hippocampal and neocortical contributions to the early phases of memory formation, we closely followed changes in human functional brain activity while volunteers navigated through two different, initially unknown virtual environments...
November 1, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802556/effect-of-osteopathic-cranial-manipulative-medicine-on-visual-function
#14
Mark E Sandhouse, Diana Shechtman, Gregory Fecho, Elena M Timoshkin
CONTEXT: The effects of osteopathic cranial manipulative medicine (OCMM) on visual function have been poorly characterized in the literature. Based on a pilot study conducted by their research group, the authors conducted a study that examined whether OCMM produced a measurable change in visual function in adults with cranial asymmetry. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, double-blinded clinical trial. The intervention and control (sham therapy) were applied during 8 weekly visits, and participants in both groups received 8 weekly follow-up visits...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799812/travel-related-illness-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-osaka-japan
#15
Yoshiro Hadano, Michinori Shirano, Tetsushi Goto
We analyzed the travel-related health problems in persons returning to Japan from overseas. Data were extracted retrospectively for all patients visiting the infectious diseases department of Osaka City General Hospital, Osaka, Japan, between July 2012 and September 2013. There were 209 sick returning travelers during the period of the study. The median age of the subjects was 34.3 years, and the subjects consisted of 133 tourists (63.6%), 39 business travelers (18.7%), 17 expatriates (8.1%), 14 volunteer workers (6...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790358/study-of-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-breast-cancer-patients-in-the-city-of-sabzevar
#16
Akram Kooshki, Manidgeh Yousefi Moghaddam, Roya Akbarzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Diet is one of the most important modifiable risk factors for prevention and control of chronic diseases, including breast cancer. This study aimed to determine the fruit and vegetable intake in women with cancer breast in Sabzevar. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 125 women with breast cancer in Sabzevar in 2011. Census sampling was done on volunteers in a visiting home and suspected women referred to the mammography, ultrasound, and radiology clinic in the Sabzevar center for breast cancer...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788696/relate-pilot-study-of-the-effects-of-a-mealtime-intervention-on-social-cognitive-factors-and-energy-intake-among-older-adults-living-alone
#17
Joanna E McHugh Power, Olga Lee, Niamh Aspell, Emma McCormack, Michelle Loftus, Leona Connolly, Brian Lawlor, Sabina Brennan
Mealtime interventions typically focus on institutionalised older adults, but we wanted to investigate whether they may also be effective among those living independently. Using a randomised controlled trial design, we assessed the effects of a novel mealtime intervention on self-efficacy, food enjoyment and energy intake. A total of 100 adults living alone aged over 60 years were randomised to the treatment or control conditions: all received a guidebook on nutrition and culinary skills. Treatment group participants received a weekly visit from a trained volunteer who prepared and shared a meal with them...
October 28, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768688/prolonged-intermittent-trunk-flexion-increases-trunk-muscles-reflex-gains-and-trunk-stiffness
#18
Matej Voglar, Jeffrey Wamerdam, Idsart Kingma, Nejc Sarabon, Jaap H van Dieën
The goal of the present study was to determine the effects of prolonged, intermittent flexion on trunk neuromuscular control. Furthermore, the potential beneficial effects of passive upper body support during flexion were investigated. Twenty one healthy young volunteers participated during two separate visits in which they performed 1 hour of intermittent 60 seconds flexion and 30 seconds rest cycles. Flexion was set at 80% lumbar flexion and was performed with or without upper body support. Before and after intermittent flexion exposure, lumbar range of motion was measured using inertial measurement units and trunk stability was assessed during perturbations applied in the forward direction with a force controlled actuator...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759981/validity-and-reliability-of-beverage-intake-questionnaire-evaluating-hydration-status
#19
Efsun Kaabudak, Eda Koksal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation is to test the validity and reliability the assessment methods for the true beverage consumption of adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out 291 healthy volunteers. The beverage intake questionnaire (BIQ) was prepared in combination with a new one which is developed based on basic principles and the existing one developed for the beverages consumed the most with respect to frequency and amount by Turkish populations...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755586/exposure-to-large-scale-social-and-behavior-change-communication-interventions-is-associated-with-improvements-in-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-in-ethiopia
#20
Sunny S Kim, Rahul Rawat, Edina M Mwangi, Roman Tesfaye, Yewelsew Abebe, Jean Baker, Edward A Frongillo, Marie T Ruel, Purnima Menon
Optimal breastfeeding (BF) practices in Ethiopia are far below the government's targets, and complementary feeding practices are poor. The Alive & Thrive initiative aimed to improve infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices through large-scale implementation of social and behavior change communication interventions in four regions of Ethiopia. The study assessed the effects of the interventions on IYCF practices and anthropometry over time in two regions-Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region and Tigray...
2016: PloS One
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