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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140876/evidence-based-guidance-to-assist-volunteers-working-with-at-risk-children-in-a-school-context
#1
Emmy De Buck, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Karin Hannes
AIM: One of the activities of the Belgian Red Cross is the 'Bridging the Gap' project, in collaboration with local schools. In this project, volunteers join the teaching staff to improve personal development goals in at-risk children with poor performance. The aim of this study was to develop evidence-based guidance for the volunteers to help them choose the right didactical approach for supporting these children. METHOD: Systematic literature searches were performed in three bibliographic databases (the Campbell Library, MEDLINE and ERIC) to find the effectiveness of 16 different didactical activities...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134744/acute-oral-sodium-propionate-supplementation-raises-resting-energy-expenditure-and-lipid-oxidation-in-fasted-humans
#2
Edward S Chambers, Claire S Byrne, Karen Aspey, Yanjie Chen, Saadiyah Khan, Douglas J Morrison, Gary Frost
Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), produced from fermentation of dietary fibre by the gut microbiota, have been suggested to modulate energy metabolism. Previous work using rodent models have demonstrated that oral supplementation of the SCFA propionate raises resting energy expenditure (REE) by promoting lipid oxidation. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of oral sodium propionate on REE and substrate metabolism in humans. Eighteen healthy volunteers (9 females and 9 males; Age: 25±1 y; Body Mass Index: 24...
November 13, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132268/simplifying-logistics-and-avoiding-the-unnecessary-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-sentinel-node-biopsy-a-prospective-feasibility-trial-of-the-preoperative-injection-of-super-paramagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#3
A Karakatsanis, H Olofsson, P Stålberg, L Bergkvist, S Abdsaleh, F Wärnberg
PURPOSE: Sentinel node is routinely localized with the intraoperative use of a radioactive tracer, involving challenging logistics. Super paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle is a non-radioactive tracer with comparable performance that could allow for preoperative localization, would simplify the procedure, and possibly be of value in axillary mapping before neoadjuvant treatment. The current trial aimed to determine the a priori hypothesis that the injection of super paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in the preoperative period for the localization of the sentinel node is feasible...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130869/effects-of-a-museum-based-social-prescription-intervention-on-quantitative-measures-of-psychological-wellbeing-in-older-adults
#4
Linda J Thomson, Bridget Lockyer, Paul M Camic, Helen J Chatterjee
AIMS: To assess psychological wellbeing in a novel social prescription intervention for older adults called Museums on Prescription and to explore the extent of change over time in six self-rated emotions ('absorbed', 'active', 'cheerful', 'encouraged', 'enlightened' and 'inspired'). METHODS: Participants ( n = 115) aged 65-94 years were referred to museum-based programmes comprising 10 weekly sessions, by healthcare and third sector organisations using inclusion criteria (e...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124420/mixed-method-evaluation-of-social-media-based-tools-and-traditional-strategies-to-recruit-high-risk-and-hard-to-reach-populations-into-an-hiv-prevention-intervention-study
#5
Sarah J Iribarren, Alhasan Ghazzawi, Alan Z Sheinfil, Timothy Frasca, William Brown, Javier Lopez-Rios, Christine T Rael, Iván C Balán, Raynier Crespo, Curtis Dolezal, Rebecca Giguere, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
Men who have sex with men and transgender women are hard-to-reach populations for research. Social media-based tools may overcome certain barriers in accessing these groups and are being tested in an ongoing study exploring HIV home-test kit use to reduce risk behavior. We analyzed pre-screening responses about how volunteers learned about the study (n = 896) and demographic data from eligible participants who came for an initial study visit (n = 216) to determine the strengths and weaknesses of recruitment strategies...
November 9, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121979/platelet-inhibition-during-ticagrelor-monotherapy-versus-ticagrelor-plus-aspirin-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-template-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Sarah Baos, Wendy Underwood, Lucy Culliford, Barnaby C Reeves, Chris A Rogers, Ruth Bowles, Tom Johnson, Andreas Baumbach, Andrew Mumford
BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin (ASP) and a P2Y12 blocker is currently standard care after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent insertion, and aims to inhibit platelet function in order to prevent stent thrombosis. The P2Y12 blocker ticagrelor (TIC) has greater antiplatelet effect than the previously used members of this class, such as clopidogrel. In healthy volunteers, TIC is sufficient to cause strong platelet inhibition, with little additional effect from ASP...
November 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120317/enhancing-the-capacity-and-effectiveness-of-community-health-volunteers-to-improve-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-experience-from-kenya
#7
Lisa S Avery, Elsabé Du Plessis, Souradet Y Shaw, Deepa Sankaran, Peter Njoroge, Ruth Kayima, Naomi Makau, James Munga, Maureen Kadzo, James Blanchard, Maryanne Crockett
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a simple monitoring and tracking tool, Mwanzo Mwema Monitoring and Tracking Tool (MMATT), would enable community health volunteers (CHVs) in Kenya to 1) plan their workloads and activities, 2) identify the women, newborns and children most in need of accessing critical maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) interventions and 3) improve key MNCH indicators. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was used. Household surveys at baseline (n = 912) and endline (n = 1143) collected data on key MNCH indicators in the four subcounties of Taita Taveta County, Kenya...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119683/poly-l-lactic-acid-for-the-improvement-of-photodamage-and-rhytids-of-the-d%C3%A3-colletage
#8
Eric C Wilkerson, David J Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) is a biostimulatory filler approved for use in HIV lipoatrophy as well as cosmetic improvement in facial folds and wrinkles in immunocompetent patients. Similar to the face and hands, the décolletage is commonly subject to photodamage and the resulting appearance of rhytids and crepiness, which could benefit from PLLA treatment. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to assess the safety and efficacy of injected PLLA for the improvement in rhytids and crepiness of the décolletage...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119339/the-prostate-cancer-screening-clinic-in-the-bahamas-a-model-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
Robin Roberts, Corydon Mitchell, Ana Lourdes Tancawan, Mandi Pedican, Glenn Wayne Jones
PURPOSE: Grand Bahama (pop. 51,000) is an island within the Bahamas archipelago. A local chapter of International Us TOO Prostate Cancer Support Group (UTGB) has led an annual community-based prostate cancer screening clinic in Grand Bahama each September since 2009. Features of this initiative, characteristics of attendees, and a description of found cancers were summarized to determine the clinic's value and to guide improvements. METHOD: We analyzed the established clinic from 2012 to 2015, wherein UTGB attracted corporate funding, volunteers managed clinics, and health professionals provided healthcare services...
November 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082820/cutaneous-irritancy-of-an-ibuprofen-medicated-plaster-in-healthy-volunteers
#10
Manisha Maganji, Mark P Connolly, Aomesh Bhatt
OBJECTIVE: Ibuprofen is a commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug administered to treat injuries, joint pain, and recurrent muscular skeletal pain. The aim of this study was to determine the cutaneous irritancy of a medicated ibuprofen plaster compared with a placebo plaster in healthy volunteers. METHODS: Healthy volunteers (N=31) were treated at the same time with one ibuprofen and one placebo plaster. The ibuprofen and placebo plaster were applied in a randomized fashion to sites on the left or right side of subjects' lower backs...
October 28, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078780/the-effect-of-an-apple-polyphenol-extract-rich-in-epicatechin-and-flavan-3-ol-oligomers-on-brachial-artery-flow-mediated-vasodilatory-function-in-volunteers-with-elevated-blood-pressure
#11
Maria Saarenhovi, Pia Salo, Mika Scheinin, Jussi Lehto, Zsófia Lovró, Kirsti Tiihonen, Markus J Lehtinen, Jouni Junnila, Oliver Hasselwander, Anneli Tarpila, Olli T Raitakari
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that an orally ingested apple polyphenol extract rich in epicatechin and flavan-3-ol oligomers improves endothelium-dependent brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD) in volunteers with borderline hypertension. The secondary aim of the study was to test whether the investigational product would improve endothelium-independent nitrate-mediated vasodilatation (NMD). METHODS: This was a single centre, repeated-dose, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study in 60 otherwise healthy subjects (26 men, 34 women; aged 40-65 years) with borderline hypertension (blood pressure 130-139/85-89 mmHg) or unmedicated mild hypertension (blood pressure 140-165/90-95 mmHg)...
October 27, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071979/-effect-of-electroacupuncture-stimulation-of-acupoints-of-heart-meridian-on-brain-connectivity-in-27-healthy-volunteer-subjects
#12
Wen-Ying Shi, Ping Li, Xiao-Rong Chang, Bi-Dan Lou, Jin-Xiang Li, Jie Huang, Lei Fan, Rong Luo, Ding Liu, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the changes of brain rest-state functional connectivity following electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation of right Xia-Jiquan (HT 1), Shaohai (HT 3), Lingdao (HT 4) and Shenmen (HT 7) of the Heart Meridian and non-acupoints in healthy volunteers so as to provide an imaging basis for clinical treatment of some related disorders. METHODS: A total of 20 healthy volunteers who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into HT-acupoint group (n=10 cases) and non-acupoint group (n=10 cases) according to the visiting sequence...
June 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060323/arterial-blood-pressure-estimation-using-ultrasound-clinical-results-on-healthy-volunteers-and-a-medicated-hypertensive-volunteer
#13
Aaron M Zakrzewski, Brian W Anthony
This study presents a non-occlusive and non-invasive ultrasound-based technique to measure blood pressure. Most popular clinically-used arterial blood pressure measurement techniques suffer from important weaknesses including being inaccurate, invasive, or occlusive. In the proposed technique, an ultrasound probe is placed on the patient's carotid artery and the contact force between the probe and the tissue is slowly increased while ultrasound images and contact force data are recorded. From this data, the artery is segmented and the segmentation data is sent into an optimization procedure; after post-processing, blood pressure is displayed to the user...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058969/public-health-and-the-pope-s-visit-to-philadelphia-2015
#14
James W Buehler, Jessica Caum, Steven J Alles
Pope Francis visited Philadelphia for 2 days during September 2015. Preparedness functions managed by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health (PDPH) were similar to those of other mass gatherings but also required accommodation of special security arrangements and the location of public events in central areas of the city. Public health planning involved collaborations with multiple city, state, and federal agencies and neighboring jurisdictions. PDPH preparations encompassed incident command procedures, contingency planning, disease surveillance and prevention, food safety, vector control, BioWatch air sampling, volunteer management for first-aid services, and continuity of operations...
September 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058358/an-investigation-of-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-and-tissue-structure-changes-after-acute-administration-of-antipsychotics-in-healthy-male-volunteers
#15
Peter C T Hawkins, Tobias C Wood, Anthony C Vernon, Alessandro Bertolino, Fabio Sambataro, Juergen Dukart, Emilio Merlo-Pich, Celine Risterucci, Hanna Silber-Baumann, Eamonn Walsh, Ndabezinhle Mazibuko, Fernando O Zelaya, Mitul A Mehta
Chronic administration of antipsychotic drugs has been linked to structural brain changes observed in patients with schizophrenia. Recent MRI studies have shown rapid changes in regional brain volume following just a single dose of these drugs. However, it is not clear if these changes represent real volume changes or are artefacts ("apparent" volume changes) due to drug-induced physiological changes, such as increased cerebral blood flow (CBF). To address this, we examined the effects of a single, clinical dose of three commonly prescribed antipsychotics on quantitative measures of T1 and regional blood flow of the healthy human brain...
October 23, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042848/integrated-diabetes-care-delivered-by-patients-a-case-study-from-bulgaria
#16
Verena Struckmann, Francesco Barbabella, Antoniya Dimova, Ewout van Ginneken
INTRODUCTION: Increasing numbers of persons are living with multiple chronic diseases and unmet medical needs in Bulgaria. The Bulgarian 'Diabetic care' non-profit (DCNPO) programme aims to provide comprehensive integrated care focusing on people with diabetes and their co-morbidities. METHODS: The DCNPO programme was selected as one of eight 'high potential' programmes in the Innovating Care for People with Multiple Chronic Conditions (ICARE4EU) project, covering 31 European countries...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040985/serum-ifn-%C3%AE-3-levels-correlate-with-serum-hepatitis-c-virus-rna-levels-in-symptomatic-patients-with-acute-hepatitis-c
#17
Susumu Imoto, Soo Ryang Kim, Keisuke Amano, Etsuko Iio, Seitetsu Yoon, Shigeya Hirohata, Yoshihiko Yano, Toru Ishikawa, Shinji Katsushima, Toshiki Komeda, Toyokazu Fukunaga, Hobyung Chung, Hiroyuki Kokuryu, Yutaka Horie, Takashi Hatae, Aya Fujinami, Soo Ki Kim, Masatoshi Kudo, Yasuhito Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Recent genome-wide association studies demonstrated that 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), upstream of the interferon-λ (IFNL) 3 gene, are associated with the spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in symptomatic patients with acute hepatitis C (AHC). Although these 2 SNPs, rs8099917 and rs12979860, have established their significant roles in the innate immunity response to spontaneously clear HCV in patients with AHC, the detailed mechanisms of their roles remain largely unknown...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032715/frequent-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-sweets-starts-at-early-age
#18
Marja-Liisa Laitala, Miira M Vehkalahti, Jorma I Virtanen
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the habitual consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and sweets in relation to mothers' behaviours and practices with their infants. METHODS: We targeted mothers with children 1-24 months (N = 200) visiting Public Child Health clinics in Finland. During routine visits mothers (N = 179) volunteered to complete a self-administered anonymous questionnaire about their child's health-related behaviours (consumption of sweets and SSBs, tooth brushing frequency)...
October 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023536/change-in-inflammatory-parameters-in-prefrail-and-frail-persons-obtaining-physical-training-and-nutritional-support-provided-by-lay-volunteers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sandra Haider, Igor Grabovac, Eva Winzer, Ali Kapan, Karin Emmi Schindler, Christian Lackinger, Sylvia Titze, Thomas Ernst Dorner
The aim of the study was to compare the effects of home visits with physical training and nutritional support on inflammatory parameters to home visits with social support alone within a randomized controlled trial. Prefrail and frail persons received home visits from lay volunteers twice a week for 12 weeks. Participants in the physical training and nutritional intervention group (PTN, n = 35) conducted two sets of six strength exercises and received nutritional support. The social support group (SoSu, n = 23) received visits only...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984164/promoting-synergistic-partnerships-in-low-resource-countries-a-case-study-exemplar
#20
Michele J Upvall, Ho Thi Thuy Trang, Jill B Derstine, Maria A Mendoza, Priscilla L Sagar, Pat Scheans
Objectives/Aims Partnerships in global health nursing are dynamic, developing over time according to the ever-changing context of the relationship. The purpose of this discussion is to explore the dynamics of partnership and its impact on both nursing faculty at Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy (HueUMP) and Health Volunteers Overseas (HVO) volunteers through documenting the historical context of the partnership and discussing the variety of volunteer activities. Lessons learned in Vietnam may be applicable to other global partnerships...
October 6, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
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