keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Volunteer visit

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642372/the-highland-health-advocates-a-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-novel-programme-addressing-the-social-needs-of-emergency-department-patients
#1
Lia Ilona Losonczy, Dennis Hsieh, Michael Wang, Christopher Hahn, Tarak Trivedi, Marcela Rodriguez, Jahan Fahimi, Harrison Alter
OBJECTIVES: Patients commonly come to the emergency department (ED) with social needs. To address this, we created the Highland Health Advocates (HHA), an ED-based help desk and medical-legal partnership using undergraduate volunteers to help patients navigate public resources and provide onsite legal and social work referrals. We were able to provide these services in English and Spanish. We aimed to determine the social needs of the patients who presented to our ED and the potential impact of the programme in resolving those needs and connecting them to a 'medical home' (defined as a consistent, primary source of medical care such as a primary care doctor or clinic)...
June 22, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642293/random-squat-stand-maneuvers-a-novel-approach-for-assessment-of-dynamic-cerebral-autoregulation
#2
Sam C Barnes, Naomi Ball, Victoria Joanna Haunton, Ronney B Panerai, Thompson G Robinson
BACKGROUND: Squat-stand maneuvers (SSM) have been used to assess dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA), but always at a fixed-frequency (FF). This study aimed to assess the use of random-frequency (RF) SSMs as a stimulus for measuring dCA, and to determine the reproducibility of FF and RFSSMs. METHOD: 29 healthy volunteers (19 male, mean age 23.0 [4.9] years) completed the study; 11 returned for a repeat visit (median 45 days). Heart rate, beat-to-beat blood pressure, middle cerebral artery (MCA) blood flow velocity, end-tidal CO2 and angle of the squat movement were measured...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622481/hospice-visit-patterns-in-the-last-seven-days-of-life-and-the-service-intensity-add-on-payment
#3
Pedro L Gozalo, Joan M Teno, Carol Spence
BACKGROUND: Hospice in-person visits in the last week of life are critical to ensure quality of care. In 2016, The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) introduced a Service Intensity Add-on (SIA) payment for in-person routine home care (RHC) visits by a registered nurse or social worker in the last 7 days of life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine visit patterns in the last week of life and provide SIA payment impact estimates. DESIGN/MEASUREMENTS: Hospice data from 42 volunteer hospice programs for the 6-year period of 2005-2010 were examined...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613057/-analysis-of-factors-related-to-the-number-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-derived-from-synovial-fluid-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#4
Y P Sun, Y H Zheng, Z G Zhang
Objective: To analyze related factors on the number of mesenchymal stem cells in the synovial fluid of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and provide an research basis for understanding of the source and biological role of mesenchymal stem cells derived from synovial fluid in TMJ. Methods: One hundred and twenty-two synovial fluid samples from 91 temporomandibular disorders (TMD) patients who visited in Department of TMJ Center, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University from March 2013 to December 2013 were collected in this study, and 6 TMJ synovial fluid samples from 6 normal volunteers who were studying in the North Campus of Sun Yat-sen University were also collected, so did their clinical information...
June 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611102/effect-on-neonatal-mortality-of-newborn-infection-management-at-health-posts-when-referral-is-not-possible-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-rural-ethiopia
#5
Tedbabe Degefie Hailegebriel, Brian Mulligan, Simon Cousens, Bereket Mathewos, Steve Wall, Abeba Bekele, Jeanne Russell, Deborah Sitrin, Biruk Tensou, Joy Lawn, Joseph de Graft Johnson, Hailemariam Legesse, Sirak Hailu, Assaye Nigussie, Bogale Worku, Abdullah Baqui
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recently provided guidelines for outpatient treatment of possible severe bacterial infections (PSBI) in young infants, when referral to hospital is not feasible. This study evaluated newborn infection treatment at the most peripheral level of the health system in rural Ethiopia. METHODS: We performed a cluster-randomized trial in 22 geographical clusters (11 allocated to intervention, 11 to control). In both arms, volunteers and government-employed Health Extension Workers (HEWs) conducted home visits to pregnant and newly delivered mothers; assessed newborns; and counseled caregivers on prevention of newborn illness, danger signs, and care seeking...
June 12, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601822/effectiveness-of-a-workshop-on-decluttering-and-organising-programme-for-teens-and-middle-aged-adults-with-difficulty-decluttering-a-study-protocol-of-an-open-label-randomised-parallel-group-superiority-trial-in-japan
#6
Yasuko Aso, Kazue Yamaoka, Asuka Nemoto, Yuki Naganuma, Masashige Saito
INTRODUCTION: Hoarding disorder can cause problems with work performance, personal hygiene, health and well-being. The disorder is a growing social problem in Japan. Having difficulty discarding rubbish, decluttering and organising can signal a future hoarding disorder, and early intervention is important. We developed an educational workshop on decluttering and organising for teens and adults with difficulty organising. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a workshop for reducing clutter and improving quality of life among younger people with difficulty decluttering and organising...
June 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599232/the-relationship-between-subjective-experience-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-and-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy
#7
Sinem Yildiz Inanici, Mehmet Akif Inanici, A Tevfik Yoldemir
INTRODUCTION: Childhood abuse and neglect have devastating effects in adulthood such as depression. During pregnancy, depression's effects in women have great importance due to its serious consequences for both children and families. It is aimed to find out a relationship between childhood abuse/neglect and depression among pregnant women. METHOD: One-hundred-forty-four married and healthy volunteer pregnant women were recruited between February-May 2015 during their regular hospital visit...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592250/community-based-intermittent-mass-testing-and-treatment-for-malaria-in-an-area-of-high-transmission-intensity-western-kenya-study-design-and-methodology-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Aaron M Samuels, Nobert Awino, Wycliffe Odongo, Benard Abong'o, John Gimnig, Kephas Otieno, Ya Ping Shi, Vincent Were, Denise Roth Allen, Florence Were, Tony Sang, David Obor, John Williamson, Mary J Hamel, S Patrick Kachur, Laurence Slutsker, Kim A Lindblade, Simon Kariuki, Meghna Desai
Most human Plasmodium infections in western Kenya are asymptomatic and are believed to contribute importantly to malaria transmission. Elimination of asymptomatic infections requires active treatment approaches, such as mass testing and treatment (MTaT) or mass drug administration (MDA), as infected persons do not seek care for their infection. Evaluations of community-based approaches that are designed to reduce malaria transmission require careful attention to study design to ensure that important effects can be measured accurately...
June 7, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590010/proton-pump-inhibitors-and-risk-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#9
Felicia C Goldstein, Kyle Steenland, Liping Zhao, Whitney Wharton, Allan I Levey, Ihab Hajjar
OBJECTIVES: To examine the risk associated with the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) of conversion to mild cognitive impairment (MCI), dementia, and specifically Alzheimer's disease (AD). DESIGN: Observational, longitudinal study. SETTING: Tertiary academic Alzheimer's Disease Centers funded by the National Institute on Aging. PARTICIPANTS: Research volunteers aged 50 and older with two to six annual visits; 884 were taking PPIs at every visit, 1,925 took PPIs intermittently, and 7,677 never reported taking PPIs...
June 7, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583183/design-and-implementation-of-a-decision-aid-for-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-medication-choices
#10
William B Brinkman, Ellen A Lipstein, Janalee Taylor, Pamela J Schoettker, Katherine Naylor, Karla Jones, Sheetal S Vora, Catherine C Mims, Elizabeth Roth-Wojcicki, Beth Gottlieb, Nancy Griffin, Carole Lannon, Esi Morgan
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials have demonstrated the efficacy of patient decision aids to facilitate shared decision making in clinical situations with multiple medically reasonable options for treatment. However, little is known about how best to implement these tools into routine clinical practice. In addition, reliable implementation of decision aids has been elusive and spread within pediatrics has been slow. We sought to develop and reliably implement a decision aid for treatment of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis...
June 5, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579822/quantitative-sensory-testing-measures-individual-pain-responses-in-emergency-department-patients
#11
Kevin J Duffy, Katharyn L Flickinger, Jeffrey T Kristan, Melissa J Repine, Alexandro Gianforcaro, Rebecca B Hasley, Saad Feroz, Jessica M Rupp, Jumana Al-Baghli, Maria L Pacella, Brian P Suffoletto, Clifton W Callaway
BACKGROUND: Refining and individualizing treatment of acute pain in the emergency department (ED) is a high priority, given that painful complaints are the most common reasons for ED visits. Few tools exist to objectively measure pain perception in the ED setting. We speculated that variation in perception of fixed painful stimuli would explain individual variation in reported pain and response to treatment among ED patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In three studies, we 1) describe performance characteristics of brief quantitative sensory testing (QST) in 50 healthy volunteers, 2) test effects of 10 mg oxycodone versus placebo on QST measures in 18 healthy volunteers, and 3) measure interindividual differences in nociception and treatment responses in 198 ED patients with a painful complaint during ED treatment...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569202/a-health-partnership-to-reduce-neonatal-mortality-in-four-hospitals-in-rwanda
#12
Placide Ntigurirwa, Kathy Mellor, Daniel Langer, Mari Evans, Emily Robertson, Lisine Tuyisenge, Alan Groves, Tom Lissauer
BACKGROUND: A health partnership to improve hospital based neonatal care in Rwanda to reduce neonatal mortality was requested by the Rwandan Ministry of Health. Although many health system improvements have been made, there is a severe shortage of health professionals with neonatal training. METHODS: Following a needs assessment, a health partnership grant for 2 years was obtained. A team of volunteer neonatologists and paediatricians, neonatal nurses, lactation consultants and technicians with experience in Rwanda or low-income countries was assembled...
June 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566148/assessment-of-the-general-public-s-knowledge-of-stroke-a-cross-sectional-study-in-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon
#13
Jobert Richie Nansseu, Cedric Paterson Atangana, Saint-Just N Petnga, Joseph Kamtchum-Tatuene, Jean Jacques Noubiap
BACKGROUND: Stroke knowledge and awareness in the general public is important to improve stroke prevention and ensure prompt response to disease onset. Addressing the dearth of data in Africa, this study aimed to determine the level of knowledge on stroke definition, symptoms, risk factors and complications in the general population living in Yaoundé, Cameroon. METHODS: From February to April 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional study at the Nicolas Barre Hospital Centre...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548228/skin-reactions-after-photodynamic-therapy-are-unaffected-by-839%C3%A2-nm-photobiomodulation-therapy-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Christiane Bay, Anne-Cathrine Vissing, Daniel Thaysen-Petersen, Catharina Margrethe Lerche, Katrine Togsverd-Bo, Jakob Heydenreich, Merete Haedersdal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is associated with erythema and edema. Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy may stimulate the skin recovery process. We investigated the potential of PBM to reduce PDT-induced skin reactions. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Healthy volunteers (n = 20) were randomized to receive left- or right side PBM (near-infrared 839/595 nm) or placebo-PBM (595 nm) on their buttocks. Corresponding test areas were exposed to standardized PDT reactions, using ablative fractional laser-assisted PDT (AFXL-PDT) with methyl-aminolevulinate (MAL) incubated for 30, 90, and 180 minutes before red-light illumination...
May 26, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546642/can-beach-cleans-do-more-than-clean-up-litter-comparing-beach-cleans-to-other-coastal-activities
#15
Kayleigh J Wyles, Sabine Pahl, Matthew Holland, Richard C Thompson
Coastal visits not only provide psychological benefits but can also contribute to the accumulation of rubbish. Volunteer beach cleans help address this issue, but may only have limited, local impact. Consequently, it is important to study any broader benefits associated with beach cleans. This article examines the well-being and educational value of beach cleans, as well as their impacts on individuals' behavioral intentions. We conducted an experimental study that allocated students (n = 90) to a beach cleaning, rock pooling, or walking activity...
June 2017: Environment and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540233/international-volunteerism-and-global-responsibility
#16
REVIEW
Gopal Badlani
To review the current status of volunteerism in the field of urology as a global responsibility, a PubMed search was done with keywords: international volunteer, urology, global health, international resident education. Furthermore, internet search using Google and Bing as search engines for the same key words was done. Websites of multinational urological organizations was researched for available information. Expert opinions of key individuals in the arena were obtained. There is a paucity of published literature as to the efforts and outcomes of volunteerism in Urology; most of the information is related to the fistula repair outcomes in medical literature...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514014/repeatability-of-vessel-density-measurement-in-human-skin-by-oct-based-microangiography
#17
S J Men, C-L Chen, W Wei, T-Y Lai, S Z Song, R K Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate the repeatability of vessel density measurement at human arm skin in healthy subjects with OCT-based microangiography (OMAG). METHODS: Four locations including volar wrist, volar forearm, shoulder, and volar upper arm were scanned using an optimized swept source OCT system, working at center wavelength of 1300 nm and A-line rate of 100 kHz. Three scans were acquired at each location at the same visit. Vascular images of papillary dermis, reticular dermis, and the whole dermis layer were generated with OMAG processing and automatic segmentation algorithms...
May 17, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510997/impact-of-m-health-application-used-by-community-health-volunteers-on-improving-utilization-of-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-care-services-in-a-rural-area-of-uttar-pradesh-india
#18
Shankar Prinja, Ruby Nimesh, Aditi Gupta, Pankaj Bahuguna, Madhu Gupta, Jarnail Singh Thakur
OBJECTIVE: To raise the quality of counselling by community health volunteers resulting in improved uptake of maternal, neonatal and child health services (MNCH), an m-health application was introduced under a project named 'Reducing Maternal and Newborn Deaths (ReMiND)' in district Kaushambi in India. We report the impact of this project on coverage of key MNCH services. METHODS: A pre and post quasi-experimental design was undertaken to assess the impact of intervention...
May 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498191/impact-of-facility-based-mother-support-groups-on-retention-in-care-and-pmtct-outcomes-in-rural-zimbabwe-the-epaz-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Geoff Foster, Joanna Orne-Gliemann, Hélène Font, Abigail Kangwende, Vhumani Magezi, Tonderai Sengai, Simba Rusakaniko, Bridget Shumba, Pemberai Zambezi, Talent Maphosa
BACKGROUND: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission elimination goals are hampered by low rates of retention in care. The Eliminating Paediatric AIDS in Zimbabwe project assessed whether mother support groups (MSGs) improve rates of retention in care of HIV-exposed infants and their HIV-positive mothers, and maternal and infant outcomes. METHODS: The study involved 27 rural clinics in eastern Zimbabwe. MSGs were established in 14 randomly selected clinics and met every 2 weeks coordinated by volunteer HIV-positive mothers...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458951/cost-effectiveness-of-short-term-neurosurgical-missions-relative-to-other-surgical-specialties
#20
Maria Punchak, Jorge A Lazareff
BACKGROUND: Short-term surgical relief efforts have helped close some gaps in the provision of surgical care in remote settings. We reviewed the published literature on short-term surgical missions to compare their cost-effectiveness across subspecialties. METHODS: PubMed was searched using the algorithm ["cost-effectiveness" AND "surgery" AND ("mission" OR "volunteer")]. Articles detailing the cost-effectiveness of short-term surgical missions in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) were included...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
keyword
keyword
94748
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"