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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926644/cervical-cancer-screening-guideline-adherence-before-and-after-guideline-changes-in-pennsylvania-medicaid
#1
Natasha Parekh, Julie M Donohue, Aiju Men, Jennifer Corbelli, Marian Jarlenski
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in cervical cancer screening after the 2009 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' guideline change and to determine predictors associated with underscreening and overscreening among Medicaid-enrolled women. METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study of Pennsylvania Medicaid claims from 2007 to 2013. We evaluated guideline adherence of 18- to 64-year-old continuously enrolled women before and after the 2009 guideline change...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921005/primary-tuberculosis-of-cervix-a-coincidental-finding
#2
Nalini Sharma, Ahanthem Santa Singh, Yookarin Khonglah, Jaya Mishra
BACKGROUND: 95% of Tuberculosis (TB) of the female genital tract (FGT) is located in tissues other than the cervix. A rare case of primary TB of the cervix which was diagnosed coincidently in a patient of endometrioma was reported in this study. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34 year old nullipara, a diagnosed case of endometrioma had a small cervical growth. Pap smear and biopsy was taken and sent for histopathological examination. Her histopathological examination revealed multiple epitheloid cell granuloma and langerhans type giant cell caeseation...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917772/awareness-perceived-risk-and-practices-related-to-cervical-cancer-and-pap-smear-screening-a-cross-sectional-study-among-hiv-positive-women-attending-an-urban-hiv-clinic-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#3
Idah Mokhele, D Evans, K Schnippel, A Swarts, J S Smith, C Firnhaber
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major cause of cancer-related deaths, especially in the context of the HIV epidemic. OBJECTIVE: To examine awareness, perceived risk and practices related to cervical cancer screening among HIV-positive women. METHODS: Interviewer-administered structured questionnaires were administered to HIV-positive women (aged ≥18 years) enrolled in a cervical cancer screening study at the Themba Lethu Clinic, Johannesburg, South Africa, from November 2009 to December 2011...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917752/genetic-and-environmental-factors-in-invasive-cervical-cancer-design-and-methods-of-a-classical-twin-study
#4
Dorothy A Machalek, John D Wark, Sepehr N Tabrizi, John L Hopper, Minh Bui, Gillian S Dite, Alyssa M Cornall, Marian Pitts, Dorota Gertig, Bircan Erbas, Suzanne M Garland
BACKGROUND: Persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a necessary prerequisite for development of cervical cancer and its precursor lesion, high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL). However, HPV infection is not sufficient to drive this process, and genetic and environmental factors may also play a role. METHODS/DESIGN: The Cervical Cancer, Genetics and Environment Twin Study was established to investigate the environmental and genetic influences on variation in susceptibility to cervical pre-cancer in 25- to 69-year-old monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins recruited through the Australian Twin Registry...
December 5, 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906806/awareness-of-cervical-cancer-causes-and-predeterminants-of-likelihood-to-screen-among-women-in-haiti
#5
Schatzi H McCarthy, Kathy A Walmer, Joel C Boggan, Margaret W Gichane, William A Calo, Harry A Beauvais, Noel T Brewer
OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in Haiti. Given this high disease burden, we sought to better understand women's knowledge of its causes and the sociodemographic and health correlates of cervical cancer screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 410 adult women presenting at clinics in Léogâne and Port-au-Prince, Haiti. We used bivariate and multivariate logic regression to identify correlates of Pap smear receipt...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906805/predictors-of-positive-margins-at-time-of-loop-electrosurgical-excision-procedure
#6
Jill Liss, Meredith Alston, Mona B Krull, Sara E Mazzoni
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify factors associated with the presence of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) at surgical margins of loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) pathology specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All women evaluated for lower genital tract disease at a single academic institution were prospectively entered into a database. The database was queried for all women who had a LEEP performed for indications within contemporary American Society of Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology guidelines between April 1, 2013, and April 30, 2015...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906049/smad-dependent-mechanisms-of-inflammatory-bone-destruction
#7
REVIEW
Michelle Fennen, Thomas Pap, Berno Dankbar
Homeostatic bone remodelling becomes disturbed in a variety of pathologic conditions that affect the skeleton, including inflammatory diseases. Rheumatoid arthritis is the prototype of an inflammatory arthritis characterised by chronic inflammation, progressive cartilage destruction and focal bone erosions and is a prime example for a disease with disturbed bone homeostasis. The inflammatory milieu favours the recruitment and activation of osteoclasts, which have been found to be the cells that are primarily responsible for bone erosions in many animal models of inflammatory arthritis...
December 1, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901341/the-efficacy-and-characteristics-of-warm-up-and-re-warm-up-practices-in-soccer-players-a-systematic-review
#8
Amri Hammami, James Zois, Maamer Slimani, Mark Russel, Ezdine Bouhlel
INTRODUCTION: This review aimed (i) to evaluate the current research that examines the efficacy of warm-up (WU) and re-warm-up (RWU) on physical performance, and (ii) to highlight the WU and RWU characteristics that optimise subsequent performance in soccer players. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A computerized search was performed in the PubMed, ScienceDirect and Google Scholar (from 1995 to December 2015) for English-language, peer- reviewed investigations using the terms "soccer" OR "football" AND "warm-up" OR "stretching" OR "post-activation potentiation" OR "pre-activity" OR "re-warm-up" AND "performance" OR "jump" OR "sprint" OR "running"...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901299/first-steps-in-validating-the-pediatric-anesthesia-parent-satisfaction-paps-survey
#9
Sarah J Milliken-Glabe, Jeannie Zuk, Sonja I Ziniel, Kara A Bjur, Monica Alvarez, Judit M Szolnoki, Norah R Janosy
BACKGROUND: In the last few decades, patient satisfaction has become a critical component of quality assessment and is being incorporated into payment for performance plans. However, assessment of satisfaction with anesthesia services is problematic and few validated satisfaction tools have been published. Assessing parent satisfaction with pediatric anesthesia services is even more challenging. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop, implement, and start validating a set of survey questions that evaluate parental satisfaction with the pediatric anesthesia services in order to identify strengths and potential areas for improvement...
November 30, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900660/increasing-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-in-rural-and-border-texas-with-friend-to-friend-plus-patient-navigation
#10
Derek Falk, Catherine Cubbin, Barbara Jones, Kristen Carrillo-Kappus, Andrew Crocker, Carol Rice
The Friend to Friend plus Patient Navigation Program (FTF+PN) aims to build an effective, sustainable infrastructure to increase breast and cervical screening rates for underserved women in rural Texas. The objective of this paper is to identify factors that (1) distinguish participants who chose patient navigation (PN) services from those who did not (non-PN) and (2) were associated with receiving a mammogram or Papanicolaou (Pap) test. This prospective study analyzed data collected from 2689 FTF+PN participants aged 18-99 years from March 1, 2012 to February 28, 2015 who self-identified as African American (AA), Latina, and non-Hispanic white (NHW)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898959/heritabilities-and-genetic-correlations-of-pulmonary-arterial-pressure-and-performance-traits-in-angus-cattle-at-high-altitude
#11
N F Crawford, M G Thomas, T N Holt, S E Speidel, R M Enns
Pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) is an indicator trait for pulmonary hypertension and for the risk of developing high-altitude disease (HAD) in cattle. Pulmonary arterial pressures provide a tool for selection of breeding cattle for tolerance to high altitude in mountainous regions of the United States. The objective of this study was to evaluate relationships between growth performance traits and yearling PAP (42.4 ± 9.9 mmHg; = 5,776; elevation 2,150 m) using data from 1993 to 2014 in the John E. Rouse Colorado State University Beef Improvement Center (CSU-BIC) Angus herd...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896666/characteristics-associated-with-hpv-diagnosis-and-perceived-risk-for-cervical-cancer-among-unmarried-sexually-active-college-women
#12
Kelly L Wilson, Clayton J Cowart, Brittany L Rosen, Jairus C Pulczinski, Kayce D Solari, Marcia G Ory, Matthew Lee Smith
Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been identified as the leading cause of cervical cancer. While HPV risk factors have been well studied, less is known about those with HPV and their perceptions about health ramifications. The purposes of this study were to examine unmarried college student women's (1) HPV diagnosis status and (2) perceived risk of getting cervical cancer in the next 5 years. Data were analyzed from 1106 unmarried, sexually active college women aged 18 to 26. Binary logistic regression compared HPV-related knowledge, vaccination-related perceptions, mandate support, healthcare utilization, sexual behaviors, and personal characteristics...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894986/application-of-molecular-genotyping-to-determine-prevalence-of-hpv-strains-in-pap-smears-of-kazakhstan-women
#13
Luiza Niyazmetova, Gulzhanat Aimagambetova, Nazigul Stambekova, Zaurech Abugalieva, Korlukain Seksembayeva, Syed Ali, Azliyati Azizan
OBJECTIVES: Human papillomavirus is the main causative agents for cervical cancer. However, few data are available about HPV prevalence in Kazakhstan. The aims of this study were to genotype HPV DNA in Pap smear samples of women to determine prevalence of carcinogenic HPV types in Astana, Kazakhstan and to analyze the association between HPV positivity and the cytology results of patient samples. METHODS: Pap smear materials were obtained from 140 patients aged 18-59, who visited the outpatient gynecological clinic...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894752/trends-in-cervical-cancer-incidence-in-younger-us-women-from-2000-to-2013
#14
Daniel C Beachler, Joseph E Tota, Michelle I Silver, Aimée R Kreimer, Allan Hildesheim, Nicolas Wentzensen, Mark Schiffman, Meredith S Shiels
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the temporal trends in invasive cervical cancer (ICC) incidence rates among 21-25year-olds. US guidelines no longer recommend screening prior to age 21, and concerns have been raised that delayed screening initiation may increase ICC incidence among young women. METHODS: This study utilized ICC incidence data from 18 US population-based cancer registries in SEER from 2000 to 2013 and Pap test prevalence data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System from 1996 to 2012...
November 25, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893479/complex-training-the-effect-of-exercise-selection-and-training-status-on-post-activation-potentiation-in-rugby-league-players
#15
David J Scott, Massimiliano Ditroilo, Phil Marshall
This study compared the post-activation potentiation (PAP) response of the hex bar deadlift (HBD) and back squat (BS) exercises. The PAP response between different levels of athletes was also compared. Ten professional and ten amateur rugby league players performed two experimental sessions. Participants performed a countermovement jump (CMJ) before and 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 and 16 minutes after a conditioning activity (CA) that contained 1 set of 3 repetitions at 93% 1RM of either HBD or BS. A force platform determined peak power output (PPO), force at PPO, velocity at PPO and jump height of each CMJ...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892681/evaluating-the-existence-of-small-compressed-binucleated-squamous-cells-in-asc-h
#16
Mitsuaki Okodo, Kaori Okayama, Hiroshi Kitamura, Natsuko Shiina, Timothy Caniz, Midori Ono, Hiromi Yabusaki
Purpose: To evaluate the legitimacy of a diagnosis of ASC-H in 5 cases which were followed up monthly for over 2 years with both cytology and HPV testing. Methods: Some 5 cases out of a total of 25.0 self-sampled Pap test patients diagnosed as ASC-H provided 119 specimens over 2 years, with HPV-DNA testing perormed using a E6 primer. Results: Cases 1, 2 and 3 showed SIL after the ASC-H diagnosis, while cases 4 and 5 showed and maintained NILM. Cases 1, 2 and 3 were further characterized by small atypical compressed binucleated cells, in which HPV was detected by in situ PCR...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891686/implementation-of-a-real-time-reference-and-calibration-grid-platform-for-improved-screening-mapping-in-pap-test-slides
#17
Evangelos Tsiambas, Christos Riziotis
Cervical cancer screening based on the Papanicolaou (Pap) test is a widely applied but not always efficient practice for detecting Human Papillomavirus (HPV) mediated lesions, partially due to a non-systematic and inadequate screening process. Our aim was to introduce an inexpensive easy-to-use direct screening platform for improved detection of abnormal cells indicative of underlying cervical neoplasia as well as persisting HPV infection. By employing a novel, efficient technique of laser-based micromachining, we achieved the fabrication of spatial grids on commercially available coverslips allowing visual segmentation of the slide for efficient screening...
November 27, 2016: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891448/can-feulgen-stain-be-a-reliable-biomarker-over-pap-stain-for-estimation-of-micronuclei-score
#18
Manish Kumar, Umesh Chandra Prasad, Betina Chandolia, S M Manjunath, Shiva Basu, Silvie Verma
INTRODUCTION: Malignant transformation of the Potentially Malignant Lesions (PML) in the oral cavity is associated with elevated mortality rate because of its aggressive and exceedingly invasive nature. Meticulous diagnosis and prompt therapy of PML may help prevent malignant conversion in oral lesions. Carcinogenic insult to oral cells results in chromosomal damage and formation of Micronuclei (Mn), before the development of clinical symptoms. AIM: To determine the genotoxic effect of smoking and chewing tobacco on target tissue using Mn assay and to evaluate the prevalence of other nuclear anomalies associated with it and to determine the reliability of feulgen stain for Mn assay over Papaincolau (PAP) stain...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891400/prevalence-of-human-papilloma-virus-infection-in-young-primiparous-women-during-postpartum-period-study-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-northern-india
#19
Alpana Garg, Vanita Suri, Raje Nijhawan, Neelam Aggarwal, Ritu Aggarwal, Charu Guleria, Mili Thakur
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of high-risk Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) prevalence is important for monitoring long-term decrease in cervical cancer after implementation of the prophylactic HPV vaccination. AIM: To determine the prevalence of high-risk HPV infection and cytological abnormalities in young primiparous women in the age group of 16-26years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 214 primiparous women aged 16-26years were recruited from a public tertiary health care center postpartum clinic between June 2013 and May 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891219/environmental-selection-is-a-main-driver-of-divergence-in-house-sparrows-passer-domesticus-in-romania-and-bulgaria
#20
Julia C Geue, Csongor I Vágási, Mona Schweizer, Péter L Pap, Henri A Thomassen
Both neutral and adaptive evolutionary processes can cause population divergence, but their relative contributions remain unclear. We investigated the roles of these processes in population divergence in house sparrows (Passer domesticus) from Romania and Bulgaria, regions characterized by high landscape heterogeneity compared to Western Europe. We asked whether morphological divergence, complemented with genetic data in this human commensal species, was best explained by environmental variation, geographic distance, or landscape resistance-the effort it takes for an individual to disperse from one location to the other-caused by either natural or anthropogenic barriers...
November 2016: Ecology and Evolution
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