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Micronutrient rationing

Anuraag Chaturvedi, N Nakkeeran, Minal Doshi, Ruchi Patel, Sadhana Bhagwat
Context: The state of Gujarat had introduced Extruded Fortified Blended Food, Balbhog, as take-home ration for children 6-35 months of age. The study aimed to understand awareness, availability, and consumption pattern of Balbhog and gain insights on factors influencing its regular use. Aims: This study aims to understand coverage and feeding practices of micronutrient fortified blended food (Balbhog) and determine factors for its regular use. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 1623 households with children of 6-35 months of age registered in Anganwadi centers was conducted in the four districts of Gujarat...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Ahmed A Saleh, Ali H El-Far, Mervat A Abdel-Latif, Mohamed A Emam, Rania Ghanem, Hatem S Abd El-Hamid
Diminishing the cost of broiler chicken diet is a critical issue in the poultry industry. Numerous studies were performed to achieve this pivotal objective by diet supplementation with alternative feed additives. In the current study, low-energy broiler rations were supplemented with different commercial multienzyme formulations to minimize the cost, and increase the digestibility and absorption of the digested macronutrients. Cobb Avian 48 broiler chicks (mixed sex, 1-d-old, n = 3120) were randomly allocated into six groups, and each group was subdivided into four replicates (130 birds per replicate)...
2018: PloS One
Avishai Karny, Assaf Zinger, Ashima Kajal, Janna Shainsky-Roitman, Avi Schroeder
As the world population grows, there is a need for efficient agricultural technologies to provide global food requirements and reduce environmental toll. In medicine, nanoscale drug delivery systems grant improved therapeutic precision by overcoming biological barriers and enhancing drug targeting to diseased tissues. Here, we loaded nanoscale drug-delivery systems with agricultural nutrients, and applied them to the leaves of tomato plants. We show that the nanoparticles - liposomes composed of plant-derived lipids, penetrate the leaf and translocate in a bidirectional manner, distributing to other leaves and to the roots...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jef L Leroy, Deanna Olney, Marie Ruel
Background: Food-assisted maternal and child health and nutrition (FA-MCHN) programs are widely used to address undernutrition, but little is known about their effectiveness in improving child linear growth. Objective: We assessed the impact of Burundi's Tubaramure FA-MCHN program on linear growth. The program targeted women and their children during the first 1000 d and included 1) food rations, 2) strengthening of health services and promotion of their use, and 3) behavior change communication (BCC)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
A F Cicero, M Bove, A Colletti, M Rizzo, F Fogacci, M Giovannini, C Borghi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of senile dementia is increasing worldwide, especially in the developed countries. Nevertheless, drug therapy isn't often enough to treat this condition. Researchers are evaluating the possible impact of a preventive approach, based on an improvement of lifestyle and the intake of micronutrients. Moreover, there is an increasing interest for combined nutraceuticals that can act as memory and learning enhancers, with a significant and beneficial potential on the cognitive disorders...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
Verena I Carrara, Wolfgang Stuetz, Sue J Lee, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Basi Po, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, François H Nosten, Rose McGready
Background: Despite the high risk of compromised nutrition, evidence of the effect of refugee rations on fetal growth is limited. A new ration containing micronutrient-fortified flour without increased caloric content of the general food basket was introduced to the Maela refugee camp in Thailand, July 2004.Objective: The effect of the length of gestational exposure of the new ration on fetal growth was compared with birth outcomes [small for gestational age (SGA), preterm birth (PTB)].Design: In an observational study in 987 newborns from 1048 prospectively followed antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees enrolled in 2 cross-sectional surveys, exposure was categorized in 2004 according to gestation at the time of commencing the new ration and in 2006 as comprehensive (preconception and pregnancy)...
June 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mavra Ahmed, Iva Mandic, Wendy Lou, Len Goodman, Ira Jacobs, Mary R L'Abbé
The collection of accurate dietary intakes using traditional dietary assessment methods (e.g., food records) from military personnel is challenging due to the demanding physiological and psychological conditions of training or operations. In addition, these methods are burdensome, time consuming, and prone to measurement errors. Adopting smart-phone/tablet technology could overcome some of these barriers. The objective was to assess the validity of a tablet app, modified to contain detailed nutritional composition data, in comparison to a measured food intake/waste method...
February 27, 2017: Nutrients
Euridice Martínez Steele, Barry M Popkin, Boyd Swinburn, Carlos A Monteiro
BACKGROUND: Recent population dietary studies indicate that diets rich in ultra-processed foods, increasingly frequent worldwide, are grossly nutritionally unbalanced, suggesting that the dietary contribution of these foods largely determines the overall nutritional quality of contemporaneous diets. Yet, these studies have focused on individual nutrients (one at a time) rather than the overall nutritional quality of the diets. Here we investigate the relationship between the energy contribution of ultra-processed foods in the US diet and its content of critical nutrients, individually and overall...
February 14, 2017: Population Health Metrics
Magali Leyvraz, James P Wirth, Bradley A Woodruff, Rajan Sankar, Prahlad R Sodani, Narottam D Sharma, Grant J Aaron
The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) in the State of Telangana, India, freely provides a fortified complementary food product, Bal Amrutham, as a take-home ration to children 6-35 months of age. In order to understand the potential for impact of any intervention, it is essential to assess coverage and utilization of the program and to address the barriers to its coverage and utilization. A two-stage, stratified cross-sectional cluster survey was conducted to estimate the coverage and utilization of Bal Amrutham and to identify their barriers and drivers...
2016: PloS One
Mark Lawrence, Kate Wingrove, Celeste Naude, Solange Durao
Over two billion people suffer from micronutrient deficiencies. Food fortification is a prominent nutrition intervention to combat such deficiencies; however, its effectiveness, risks, and ethical implications vary depending on the contexts associated with the deficiency it is addressing and the circumstances with its implementation. The aim of this research was to analyse the profile of nutrition interventions for combating micronutrient deficiency with particular focus on food fortification reported in existing systematic reviews (SRs), guidelines and policy statements, and implementation actions for nutrition...
September 8, 2016: Nutrients
Ashay Jain, Deepika Thakur, Gargi Ghoshal, O P Katare, Bhupinder Singh, U S Shivhare
The current work entails a novel strategy of formulating the microparticles of lycopene solely using rational blends of biopolymers without using equipment-intensive techniques. The study is intended to enhance oral bioavailability of lycopene by controlling its release from micro-formulation and facilitating its absorption though lymphatic pathways. Considering the minimum particle size, maximum entrapment efficiency and loading capacity, the amounts of casein (i.e., protein) and gum tragacanth (i.e., polysaccharide) were selected as the critical factors for formulation of microparticles...
December 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Y Lhamo, Preeta Kaur Chugh, C D Tripathi
It is now known that vitamin D deficiency is a worldwide health problem. In our country, as food fortification is lacking, supplementation with pharmaceutical preparations is the only means of treatment of vitamin D deficiency. We aimed to study the composition and availability of various vitamin D preparations in the Indian market, data about which was collected from annual drug compendium. The preparations were assessed for total number, different formulations, constituents and amount of each constituent present in the formulation...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Zhen Zheng, Lin Wang, Wei Tang, Peiyao Chen, Hui Zhu, Yue Yuan, Gongyu Li, Huafeng Zhang, Gaolin Liang
Copper is an essential micronutrient involved in fundamental life processes but using a bioluminescence (BL) probe to selectively sense Cu(2+)in vitro or image Cu(2+)in vivo is still unavailable. Herein, a latent BL probe hydrazide d-luciferin (1) was rationally designed and successfully applied it for selective detection of Cu(2+)in vitro and imaging Cu(2+) in living cells and in tumors. Upon the catalysis of Cu(2+), 1 was converted to d-luciferin and turned on the BL in the presence of firefly luciferase (fLuc)...
September 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Beata Szczepańska, Jadwiga Malczewska-Lenczowska, Bożena Wajszczyk
BACKGROUND: Insufficient intake of vitamins and minerals, in teenagers engaged in physical activity increases the risk of health disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate selected vitamins and minerals intake in 13-15-year-old boys from sport school. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study of dietary intake was conducted among 44 boys from the School of Sport Championship (SSC). Nutritional data was collected using 24-hour recall for 3 days of week...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
I M Tayupova
In the article the features of healthy nutrition in pregnant women suffering from iron deficiency has been discussed. The criteria for diagnosis of anemia during pregnancy, the stage of the disease development, the specifics of iron deficiency during gestation, the need in this trace element in pregnant women have been defined. The necessity of an adequate selection of a balanced diet during pregnancy complicated with anemia has been based. Iron content in food products along with the extent of absorption depending upon the origin of the product have been considered...
2015: Voprosy Pitaniia
David O Kennedy
The B-vitamins comprise a group of eight water soluble vitamins that perform essential, closely inter-related roles in cellular functioning, acting as co-enzymes in a vast array of catabolic and anabolic enzymatic reactions. Their collective effects are particularly prevalent to numerous aspects of brain function, including energy production, DNA/RNA synthesis/repair, genomic and non-genomic methylation, and the synthesis of numerous neurochemicals and signaling molecules. However, human epidemiological and controlled trial investigations, and the resultant scientific commentary, have focused almost exclusively on the small sub-set of vitamins (B9/B12/B6) that are the most prominent (but not the exclusive) B-vitamins involved in homocysteine metabolism...
January 27, 2016: Nutrients
Wolfgang Stuetz, Verena I Carrara, Rose Mc Gready, Sue J Lee, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Basi Po, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Tilman Grune, Hans K Biesalski, François H Nosten
Micronutrient fortified flour (MFF), supplementary food rations and micronutrient (MN) supplements may prevent deficiencies among pregnant women. Objectives of cross-sectional surveys in 2004 (n = 533) and 2006 (n = 515) were to assess the impact of new food rations (flour, oil) and supplements on MN status by trimester of pregnancy in the Maela refugee camp. Hemoglobin, iron status, zinc, retinol, β-carotene and tryptophan decreased, while α-/γ-tocopherol and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF) increased from first to third trimester...
January 26, 2016: Nutrients
Annette Dickinson, Douglas MacKay, Andrea Wong
BACKGROUND: U.S. nutrition surveys find that intakes of many nutrients fall short of recommendations. The majority of U.S. adults use multivitamins and other dietary supplements as one means of improving nutrient intakes. Some policy makers and health professionals appear reluctant to recommend routine use of dietary supplements to fill nutrient gaps in the diet, in part because they are concerned that people will view the supplements as a substitute for dietary improvement and that the use of supplements may lead to overconsumption of micronutrients...
July 2, 2015: Nutrition Journal
A G Setko, S P Trishina, E P Timoshenko
In the work there was performed the assessment of the actual nutrition of high school pupils, its impact on the nutritional status and efficiency of the implementation in the modern educational process certified vitamin-mineral complexes as a health-saving component of the optimization of rations. The introduction of additional vitamin-mineral complexes into the food of high school pupils was established to lead to the optimization of nutrition content by most of macro- and micronutrients, which in turn contributed to the increase in the number of children with an adequate supply of the body with vitamins and also contributed to the increase of students with a satisfactory adaptation by 44...
November 2014: Gigiena i Sanitariia
Victor O Owino, Jutta Skau, Selina Omollo, Silvenus Konyole, John Kinyuru, Benson Estambale, Bethwel Owuor, Roos Nanna, Henrik Friis
BACKGROUND: Researchers face myriad challenges in the design and implementation of randomized, controlled trials. Apart from summaries on limitations, these challenges are rarely documented in detail to inform future research projects. OBJECTIVE: To describe methodological challenges encountered during randomized, controlled trials (WinFood Study) designed to assess the efficacy of locally produced complementary foods based on traditional animal-source foods (edible termites and spiders) to support growth and nutritional status in Kenyan and Cambodian infants...
March 2015: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
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