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Micronutrient rationing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695118/high-coverage-and-utilization-of-fortified-take-home-rations-among-children-6-35-months-of-age-provided-through-the-integrated-child-development-services-program-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-telangana-india
#1
Magali Leyvraz, James P Wirth, Bradley A Woodruff, Rajan Sankar, Prahlad R Sodani, Narottam D Sharma, Grant J Aaron
The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) in the State of Telangana, India, freely provides a fortified complementary food product, Bal Amrutham, as a take-home ration to children 6-35 months of age. In order to understand the potential for impact of any intervention, it is essential to assess coverage and utilization of the program and to address the barriers to its coverage and utilization. A two-stage, stratified cross-sectional cluster survey was conducted to estimate the coverage and utilization of Bal Amrutham and to identify their barriers and drivers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618094/evidence-synthesis-and-translation-for-nutrition-interventions-to-combat-micronutrient-deficiencies-with-particular-focus-on-food-fortification
#2
Mark Lawrence, Kate Wingrove, Celeste Naude, Solange Durao
Over two billion people suffer from micronutrient deficiencies. Food fortification is a prominent nutrition intervention to combat such deficiencies; however, its effectiveness, risks, and ethical implications vary depending on the contexts associated with the deficiency it is addressing and the circumstances with its implementation. The aim of this research was to analyse the profile of nutrition interventions for combating micronutrient deficiency with particular focus on food fortification reported in existing systematic reviews (SRs), guidelines and policy statements, and implementation actions for nutrition...
2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575434/formation-and-functional-attributes-of-electrostatic-complexes-involving-casein-and-anionic-polysaccharides-an-approach-to-enhance-oral-absorption-of-lycopene-in-rats-in-vivo
#3
Ashay Jain, Deepika Thakur, Gargi Ghoshal, O P Katare, Bhupinder Singh, U S Shivhare
The current work entails a novel strategy of formulating the microparticles of lycopene solely using rational blends of biopolymers without using equipment-intensive techniques. The study is intended to enhance oral bioavailability of lycopene by controlling its release from micro-formulation and facilitating its absorption though lymphatic pathways. Considering the minimum particle size, maximum entrapment efficiency and loading capacity, the amounts of casein (i.e., protein) and gum tragacanth (i.e., polysaccharide) were selected as the critical factors for formulation of microparticles...
August 27, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168680/vitamin-d-supplements-in-the-indian-market
#4
Y Lhamo, Preeta Kaur Chugh, C D Tripathi
It is now known that vitamin D deficiency is a worldwide health problem. In our country, as food fortification is lacking, supplementation with pharmaceutical preparations is the only means of treatment of vitamin D deficiency. We aimed to study the composition and availability of various vitamin D preparations in the Indian market, data about which was collected from annual drug compendium. The preparations were assessed for total number, different formulations, constituents and amount of each constituent present in the formulation...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27131992/hydrazide-d-luciferin-for-in-vitro-selective-detection-and-intratumoral-imaging-of-cu-2
#5
Zhen Zheng, Lin Wang, Wei Tang, Peiyao Chen, Hui Zhu, Yue Yuan, Gongyu Li, Huafeng Zhang, Gaolin Liang
Copper is an essential micronutrient involved in fundamental life processes but using a bioluminescence (BL) probe to selectively sense Cu(2+)in vitro or image Cu(2+)in vivo is still unavailable. Herein, a latent BL probe hydrazide d-luciferin (1) was rationally designed and successfully applied it for selective detection of Cu(2+)in vitro and imaging Cu(2+) in living cells and in tumors. Upon the catalysis of Cu(2+), 1 was converted to d-luciferin and turned on the BL in the presence of firefly luciferase (fLuc)...
September 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26953583/evaluation-of-dietary-intake-of-vitamins-and-minerals-in-13-15-years-old-boys-from-a-sport-school-in-warsaw
#6
Beata Szczepańska, Jadwiga Malczewska-Lenczowska, Bożena Wajszczyk
BACKGROUND: Insufficient intake of vitamins and minerals, in teenagers engaged in physical activity increases the risk of health disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate selected vitamins and minerals intake in 13-15-year-old boys from sport school. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study of dietary intake was conducted among 44 boys from the School of Sport Championship (SSC). Nutritional data was collected using 24-hour recall for 3 days of week...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26841553/-to-the-question-of-rational-nutrition-micronutrient-status-correction-prevention-and-treatment-of-iron-deficiency-in-pregnancy
#7
I M Tayupova
In the article the features of healthy nutrition in pregnant women suffering from iron deficiency has been discussed. The criteria for diagnosis of anemia during pregnancy, the stage of the disease development, the specifics of iron deficiency during gestation, the need in this trace element in pregnant women have been defined. The necessity of an adequate selection of a balanced diet during pregnancy complicated with anemia has been based. Iron content in food products along with the extent of absorption depending upon the origin of the product have been considered...
2015: Voprosy Pitaniia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26828517/b-vitamins-and-the-brain-mechanisms-dose-and-efficacy-a-review
#8
REVIEW
David O Kennedy
The B-vitamins comprise a group of eight water soluble vitamins that perform essential, closely inter-related roles in cellular functioning, acting as co-enzymes in a vast array of catabolic and anabolic enzymatic reactions. Their collective effects are particularly prevalent to numerous aspects of brain function, including energy production, DNA/RNA synthesis/repair, genomic and non-genomic methylation, and the synthesis of numerous neurochemicals and signaling molecules. However, human epidemiological and controlled trial investigations, and the resultant scientific commentary, have focused almost exclusively on the small sub-set of vitamins (B9/B12/B6) that are the most prominent (but not the exclusive) B-vitamins involved in homocysteine metabolism...
January 27, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26821044/impact-of-food-rations-and-supplements-on-micronutrient-status-by-trimester-of-pregnancy-cross-sectional-studies-in-the-maela-refugee-camp-in-thailand
#9
Wolfgang Stuetz, Verena I Carrara, Rose Mc Gready, Sue J Lee, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Basi Po, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Tilman Grune, Hans K Biesalski, François H Nosten
Micronutrient fortified flour (MFF), supplementary food rations and micronutrient (MN) supplements may prevent deficiencies among pregnant women. Objectives of cross-sectional surveys in 2004 (n = 533) and 2006 (n = 515) were to assess the impact of new food rations (flour, oil) and supplements on MN status by trimester of pregnancy in the Maela refugee camp. Hemoglobin, iron status, zinc, retinol, β-carotene and tryptophan decreased, while α-/γ-tocopherol and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF) increased from first to third trimester...
January 26, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26134111/consumer-attitudes-about-the-role-of-multivitamins-and-other-dietary-supplements-report-of-a-survey
#10
Annette Dickinson, Douglas MacKay, Andrea Wong
BACKGROUND: U.S. nutrition surveys find that intakes of many nutrients fall short of recommendations. The majority of U.S. adults use multivitamins and other dietary supplements as one means of improving nutrient intakes. Some policy makers and health professionals appear reluctant to recommend routine use of dietary supplements to fill nutrient gaps in the diet, in part because they are concerned that people will view the supplements as a substitute for dietary improvement and that the use of supplements may lead to overconsumption of micronutrients...
July 2, 2015: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25950063/-the-impact-of-nutrient-prosperity-of-the-body-on-the-alimentary-status-of-junior-high-school-pupils-within-the-framework-of-the-implementation-of-health-saving-technologies
#11
A G Setko, S P Trishina, E P Timoshenko
In the work there was performed the assessment of the actual nutrition of high school pupils, its impact on the nutritional status and efficiency of the implementation in the modern educational process certified vitamin-mineral complexes as a health-saving component of the optimization of rations. The introduction of additional vitamin-mineral complexes into the food of high school pupils was established to lead to the optimization of nutrition content by most of macro- and micronutrients, which in turn contributed to the increase in the number of children with an adequate supply of the body with vitamins and also contributed to the increase of students with a satisfactory adaptation by 44...
November 2014: Gigiena i Sanitariia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25902613/winfood-data-from-kenya-and-cambodia-constraints-on-field-procedures
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Victor O Owino, Jutta Skau, Selina Omollo, Silvenus Konyole, John Kinyuru, Benson Estambale, Bethwel Owuor, Roos Nanna, Henrik Friis
BACKGROUND: Researchers face myriad challenges in the design and implementation of randomized, controlled trials. Apart from summaries on limitations, these challenges are rarely documented in detail to inform future research projects. OBJECTIVE: To describe methodological challenges encountered during randomized, controlled trials (WinFood Study) designed to assess the efficacy of locally produced complementary foods based on traditional animal-source foods (edible termites and spiders) to support growth and nutritional status in Kenyan and Cambodian infants...
March 2015: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25902596/optimization-of-the-nutrient-content-and-protein-quality-of-cereal-legume-blends-for-use-as-complementary-foods-in-ghana
#13
Devika J Suri, Kwaku Tano-Debrah, Shibani A Ghosh
BACKGROUND: Nutritionally adequate complementary foods made from locally available ingredients are of high priority in developing countries, including Ghana. The majority of complementary foods in these countries are cereal-based and are unable to meet the nutrient intakes recommended by the World Health Organization. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutrient content and protein quality of local cereal-legume blends for complementary foods against recommendations and to determine the quantities of additional ingredients required to meet needs by using linear programming...
September 2014: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25884661/the-queuine-micronutrient-charting-a-course-from-microbe-to-man
#14
REVIEW
Claire Fergus, Dominic Barnes, Mashael A Alqasem, Vincent P Kelly
Micronutrients from the diet and gut microbiota are essential to human health and wellbeing. Arguably, among the most intriguing and enigmatic of these micronutrients is queuine, an elaborate 7-deazaguanine derivative made exclusively by eubacteria and salvaged by animal, plant and fungal species. In eubacteria and eukaryotes, queuine is found as the sugar nucleotide queuosine within the anticodon loop of transfer RNA isoacceptors for the amino acids tyrosine, asparagine, aspartic acid and histidine. The physiological requirement for the ancient queuine molecule and queuosine modified transfer RNA has been the subject of varied scientific interrogations for over four decades, establishing relationships to development, proliferation, metabolism, cancer, and tyrosine biosynthesis in eukaryotes and to invasion and proliferation in pathogenic bacteria, in addition to ribosomal frameshifting in viruses...
April 2015: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25597415/impact-of-lipid-based-nutrient-supplementation-lns-on-children-s-diet-adequacy-in-western-uganda
#15
Scott B Ickes, Linda S Adair, Catherine A Brahe, Harsha Thirumurthy, Baguma Charles, Jennifer A Myhre, Margaret E Bentley, Alice S Ammerman
Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) can help treat undernutrition; however, the dietary adequacy of children supplemented with LNS, and household utilisation patterns are not well understood. We assessed diet adequacy and the quality of complementary foods by conducting a diet assessment of 128 Ugandan children, ages 6-59 months, who participated in a 10-week programme for children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM, defined as weight-for-age z-score < -2). Caregivers were given a weekly ration of 650 kcal day(-1) (126 g day(-1) ) of a peanut/soy LNS...
December 2015: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25465635/the-effect-of-trace-mineral-source-and-concentration-on-ruminal-digestion-and-mineral-solubility
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
O N Genther, S L Hansen
The objective of this experiment was to compare the effect of sources of sulfate trace mineral (STM) and hydroxy trace mineral (HTM) at different inclusions on digestibility of dry matter (DM) and neutral detergent fiber and solubility of Cu, Mn, and Zn in the rumen and abomasum of cattle. Five ruminally cannulated steers were used in a 5×5 Latin square design and individually fed a corn silage-based diet on an ad libitum basis. The 5 dietary treatments were as follows: control: no supplemental Cu, Mn, or Zn, analyzed to contain 7...
January 2015: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25300108/-gradation-in-the-level-of-vitamin-consumption-possible-risk-of-excessive-consumption
#17
REVIEW
V M Kodentsova
The ratio between the levels of consumption of certain vitamins and minerals [recommended daily allowance for labelling purposes < maximum supplement levels < tolerable upper intake level (UL) < safe level (limit) of consumption < or = therapeutic dose has been characterized. Vitamin A and beta-carotene maximum supplement levels coincides with UL, and recommended daily allowance for these micronutrients coincides with the maximal level of consumption through dietary supplements and/or multivitamins...
2014: Voprosy Pitaniia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25142062/effect-of-supranutritional-organic-selenium-supplementation-on-postpartum-blood-micronutrients-antioxidants-metabolites-and-inflammation-biomarkers-in-selenium-replete-dairy-cows
#18
Jean A Hall, Gerd Bobe, William R Vorachek, Katherine Kasper, Maret G Traber, Wayne D Mosher, Gene J Pirelli, Mike Gamroth
Dairy cows have increased nutritional requirements for antioxidants postpartum. Supranutritional organic Se supplementation may be beneficial because selenoproteins are involved in regulating oxidative stress and inflammation. Our objective was to determine whether feeding Se-yeast above requirements to Se-replete dairy cows during late gestation affects blood micronutrients, antioxidants, metabolites, and inflammation biomarkers postpartum. During the last 8-weeks before calving, dairy cows at a commercial farm were fed either 0 (control) or 105 mg Se-yeast once weekly (supranutritional Se-yeast), in addition to Na selenite at 0...
December 2014: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24943654/a-systematic-review-of-nutritional-supplementation-in-hiv-infected-children-in-resource-limited-settings
#19
REVIEW
Megan S McHenry, Avika Dixit, Rachel C Vreeman
BACKGROUND: In resource-limited settings, malnutrition is the major cause of death in young children, but the precise benefits of nutritional supplementation for HIV-infected children are not well understood. METHODS: Two researchers reviewed studies conducted in low- or middle-income countries that involved macro- and micronutrient supplementation in HIV-infected individuals ≤18 years. RESULTS: Fifteen studies focused on micronutrients, including vitamin A, zinc, multivitamins, and multiple-micronutrient supplementation...
July 2015: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24767888/effect-of-supranutritional-maternal-and-colostral-selenium-supplementation-on-passive-absorption-of-immunoglobulin-g-in-selenium-replete-dairy-calves
#20
Jean A Hall, Gerd Bobe, William R Vorachek, Charles T Estill, Wayne D Mosher, Gene J Pirelli, Mike Gamroth
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for ruminant animals affecting both performance and immune functions. Adding 3 mg of Se/L (in the form of Na selenite) to colostrum has been shown to improve IgG absorption in Se-deficient newborn dairy calves. The objective of our study was to determine the effect of supranutritional maternal and colostral Se supplementation on IgG status of Se-replete dairy calves. The study design was a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial design. During the last 8 wk before calving, dairy cows at a commercial dairy were fed either 0 (control cows) or 105 mg of Se-yeast once weekly (supranutritional Se-yeast-supplemented cows), in addition to Na selenite at 0...
July 2014: Journal of Dairy Science
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