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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930624/the-relationship-between-ambivalent-and-indifferent-pregnancy-desires-and-contraceptive-use-among-malawian-women
#1
Sarah Huber, Allahna Esber, Sarah Garver, Venson Banda, Alison Norris
CONTEXT: Pregnancy ambivalence and pregnancy indifference are thought to be associated with nonuse of contraceptives, but their conceptualization and measurement vary, and their relationship to contraceptive use in developing countries is poorly understood. METHODS: Data from the Umoyo wa Thanzi research program in rural Lilongwe, Malawi, were used to classify the pregnancy desires of 592 women aged 15-39 as antinatal, pronatal, ambivalent or indifferent, according to both the women's desire to conceive and their desire to avoid pregnancy...
July 5, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930603/centchroman-a-safe-reversible-postcoital-contraceptive-with-curative-and-prophylactic-activity-in-many-disorders
#2
Ved P Kamboj, Suprabhat Ray, Nitya Anand
Centchroman (INN: Ormeloxifene), a reversible post-coital/weekly oral contraceptive (half-life of about 168 hours), designed and developed at CDRI, Lucknow is the only non-steroidal oral contraceptive in clinical use in the world today. Synthesized in 1967 and completing pre-clinical and clinical studies in 1989, this drug was approved for marketing in 1991, social marketing in 1995 and NFPW in April 2016. It acts by preventing implantation of blastocyst in endometrium. It is the only contraceptive which neither suppresses ovulation nor interferes with the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930233/dietary-isoflavones-and-breast-cancer-risk
#3
REVIEW
Samira Ziaei, Reginald Halaby
Breast cancer is the deadliest neoplasm in women globally, resulting in a significant health burden. In many cases, breast cancer becomes resistant to chemotherapy, radiation, and hormonal therapies. It is believed that genetics is not the major cause of breast cancer. Other contributing risk factors include age at first childbirth, age at menarche, age at menopause, use of oral contraceptives, race and ethnicity, and diet. Diet has been shown to influence breast cancer incidence, recurrence, and prognosis...
April 7, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930068/risk-for-alcohol-exposed-pregnancies-among-women-at-drinking-venues-in-cape-town-south-africa
#4
Melissa H Watt, Brandon A Knettel, Karmel W Choi, Elizabeth T Knippler, Philip A May, Soraya Seedat
OBJECTIVE: South Africa's Western Cape Province has one of the highest rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder globally. Alcohol-serving venues are likely important sites to identify women at high risk of having a child with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. The goal of this study was to examine the risk for alcohol-exposed pregnancies among women who drink in alcohol-serving venues. METHOD: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted with 200 women of reproductive age at seven drinking venues in a single Cape Town community...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929860/adolescent-perspectives-on-patient-provider-sexual-health-communication-a-qualitative-study
#5
Andrea J Hoopes, Samantha K Benson, Heather B Howard, Diane M Morrison, Linda K Ko, Taraneh Shafii
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in the United States are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancy. Adolescent-centered health services may reduce barriers to health care; yet, limited research has focused on adolescents' own perspectives on patient-provider communication during a sexual health visit. METHODS: Twenty-four adolescents (14-19 years old) seeking care in a public health clinic in Washington State participated in one-on-one qualitative interviews...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929625/association-of-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-incident-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-women
#6
Andrea L Roberts, Susan Malspeis, Laura D Kubzansky, Candace H Feldman, Shun-Chiao Chang, Karestan C Koenen, Karen H Costenbader
OBJECTIVE: To conduct the first longitudinal study examining whether trauma exposure and PTSD are associated with increased risk of incident SLE in a civilian cohort. METHODS: We examined the association of trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms with SLE incidence over 24 years of follow-up in a U.S. longitudinal cohort of women (N=54,763). Incident SLE with ≥4 American College of Rheumatology criteria was ascertained by self-report and confirmed by medical record review...
September 20, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929349/depression-and-anxiety-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-etiology-and-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Laura G Cooney, Anuja Dokras
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in reproductive age women and is associated with an increased prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms. This review presents potential mechanisms for this increased risk and outlines treatment options. RECENT FINDINGS: Women with PCOS have increased odds of depressive symptoms (OR 3.78; 95% CI 3.03-4.72) and anxiety symptoms (OR 5.62; 95% CI 3.22-9.80). Obesity, insulin resistance, and elevated androgens may partly contribute to this association...
September 20, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927899/does-hormonal-contraception-during-molar-pregnancy-follow-up-influence-the-risk-and-clinical-aggressiveness-of-gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia-after-controlling-for-risk-factors
#8
Patrícia Rangel Sobral Dantas, Izildinha Maestá, Jorge Rezende Filho, Joffre Amin Junior, Kevin M Elias, Neil Howoritz, Antonio Braga, Ross S Berkowitz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of hormonal contraception (HC) on the development and clinical aggressiveness of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) and the time for normalization of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with women diagnosed with molar pregnancy, followed at the Rio de Janeiro Trophoblastic Disease Center, between January 2005 and January 2015. The occurrence of postmolar GTN and the time for hCG normalization between users of HC or barrier methods (BM) during the postmolar follow-up or GTN treatment were evaluated...
September 16, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926868/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-in-juvenile-and-adult-type-1-diabetes-in-a-german-austrian-cohort
#9
Christina Reinauer, Esther Bollow, Elke Fröhlich-Reiterer, Katharina Laubner, Dominik Bergis, Christof Schöfl, Hans-Peter Kempe, Michael Hummel, Pia Hennes, Katja Gollisch, Holger Haberland, Nicolin Datz, Thomas Meissner, Reinhard W Holl
Context While an association between PCOS and type 2 diabetes is well established, to date there have been few data on clinical care of type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients with PCOS. Objective The aim of our study was to characterize T1D patients with the comorbidity of PCOS within the DPV cohort with regard to diabetes phenotype, therapy and metabolic control. Design and Setting Clinical data from the prospective German/Austrian DPV cohort on patients with T1D and documented PCOS (n=76) were compared to female T1D controls (n=32,566) in reproductive age...
September 19, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925281/fertility-regulation-as-identity-maintenance-understanding-the-social-aspects-of-birth-control
#10
Cicely Marston, Alicia Renedo, Gertrude Nsorma Nyaaba
We take a dialogical approach to exploring fertility regulation practices and show how they can maintain or express social identity. We identify three themes in educated Ghanaian women's accounts of how they navigate conflicting social demands on their identity when trying to regulate fertility: secrecy and silence - hiding contraception use and avoiding talking about it; tolerating uncertainty - such as using unreliable but more socially acceptable contraception; and wanting to be fertile and protecting menses...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924583/screening-for-primary-aldosteronism-using-the-newly-developed-ids-isys%C3%A2-automated-assay-system
#11
P M O'Shea, T P Griffin, G A Browne, N Gallagher, J J Brady, M C Dennedy, M Bell, D Wall, M Fitzgibbon
BACKGROUND: The recommended approach to screening for primary aldosteronism (PA) in at-risk populations is to determine the ratio of aldosterone concentration (serum (SAC)/plasma (PAC)) to renin measured in plasma as activity (PRA) or concentration (DRC). However, lack of assay standardisation mandates the need for method-specific decision thresholds and clinical validation in the local population. AIM: The study objective was to establish method-specific aldosterone: renin ratio (ARR) cut-offs for PA in men and women using the IDS-iSYS® assay system (IDS plc)...
April 2017: Pract Lab Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924070/-a-case-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-secondary-to-subclinical-basedow-disease
#12
Ichiro Kawahara, Keisuke Toyoda, Makoto Hirose, Naoki Kitagawa
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis(CVST)is a rare condition accounting for <1% of all strokes. It has been linked to a multitude of risk factors, including infections, oral contraceptive use, coronary disease, malignant disease, trauma, surgery, coagulopathy and several others. However, the association between hyperthyroidism and CVST is poorly understood. We describe here a rare case of CVST, secondary to subclinical Basedow disease. A 68-year-old woman with general fatigue, headache, speech disturbance and slow behavior was admitted to our hospital...
September 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924056/long-acting-reversible-contraception-acceptability-and-satisfaction-is-high-among-adolescents
#13
David Hubacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922825/catholic-understandings-of-female-sexuality-in-1960s-britain
#14
David Geiringer
Recent interpretations of religious change in modern Britain have stressed the importance of a sudden and abrupt 'sexual revolution' during the 1960s. The role the Churches played in bringing about their own demise remains a point of debate, particularly in the case of the Catholic Church. This article attempts to move beyond existing historical disputes over a 'religious crisis' and whether it was rooted in 'internal' causes (problems within the Church) or 'external', secular developments. It explores the way sexual knowledge was discussed and disseminated by Catholic authorities during this decade of perceived cultural transition, drawing on the previously unpublished papers of the Papal Commission for Birth Control 1963-5 and the training manuals of the Catholic Marriage Advisory Council (CMAC)...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922538/women-s-experiences-of-more-than-one-termination-of-pregnancy-within-two-years-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Carrie Purcell, Julie Riddell, Audrey Brown, Sharon Cameron, Catriona Melville, Gillian Flett, Yeshi Bhushan, Lisa McDaid
OBJECTIVE: To examine the experiences of women seeking more than one termination of pregnancy (TOP) within two years. DESIGN: Mixed methods study. SETTING: Six TOP services across Scotland. SAMPLE: Women presenting for TOP between July and December 2015. METHODS: Descriptive and inferential analysis of quantitative survey data, thematic analysis of qualitative interview data and integrative analysis...
September 18, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921520/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-and-risk-of-ovarian-cancer-in-nine-cohorts
#16
Seungyoun Jung, Naomi Allen, Alan A Arslan, Laura Baglietto, Aurelio Barricarte, Louise A Brinton, Brian L Egleston, Roni T Falk, Renée T Fortner, Kathy J Helzlsouer, Yutang Gao, Annika Idahl, Rudolph Kaaks, Vittorio Krogh, Melissa A Merritt, Eva Lundin, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Sabina Rinaldi, Helena Schock, Xiao-Ou Shu, Patrick M Sluss, Paul N Staats, Carlotta Sacerdote, Ruth C Travis, Anne Tjønneland, Antonia Trichopoulou, Shelley S Tworoger, Kala Visvanathan, Elisabete Weiderpass, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Joanne F Dorgan
Animal and experimental data suggest that anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) serves as a marker of ovarian reserve and inhibits the growth of ovarian tumors. However, few epidemiologic studies have examined the association between AMH and ovarian cancer risk. We conducted a nested case-control study of 302 ovarian cancer cases and 336 matched controls from nine cohorts. Prediagnostic blood samples of premenopausal women were assayed for AMH using a picoAMH enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using multivariable-adjusted conditional logistic regression...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921518/high-birth-rates-despite-easy-access-to-contraception-and-abortion-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Helena Hognert, Finn Egil Skjeldestad, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Oskari Heikinheimo, Ian Milsom, Øjvind Lidegaard, Ingela Lindh
INTRODUCTION: The aim was to describe and compare contraceptive use, fertility, birth and abortion rates in the Nordic countries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National data on births, abortions, fertility rate (1975-2013), redeemed prescriptions of hormonal contraceptives and sales figures of copper intrauterine devices (2008-2013) among women 15-49 years of age in the Nordic countries were collected and analysed. RESULTS: Use of hormonal contraceptives and copper intrauterine devices varied between 31-44%...
September 16, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919400/condom-use-and-incident-sexually-transmitted-infection-after-initiation-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#18
Colleen P Mcnicholas, Jessica B Klugman, Qiuhong Zhao, Jeffrey F Peipert
BACKGROUND: Use of more effective contraception may lead to less condom use and increased incidence of sexually transmitted infection. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare changes in condom use and incidence of sexually transmitted infection acquisition among new initiators of long-acting reversible contraceptives to those initiating non-long acting reversible contraceptive methods. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of the Contraceptive CHOICE Project...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918829/awareness-of-individual-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-self-perception-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-women
#19
Jean-Jacques Monsuez, Tai Pham, Nicole Karam, Laurence Amar, Corinne Chicheportiche-Ayache, Philippe Menasché, Michel Desnos, Paul Dardel, Isabelle Weill
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) self-perception by women may be inaccurate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was completed anonymously Online by women who self-reported their personal CVRF levels including age, weight, contraceptive use, menopausal status, smoking, diet and physical activities. Self-perceived risk was matched to actual cardiovascular risk according to the Framingham score. RESULTS: Among 5,240 young and middle-aged women with a high educational level, knowledge of personal CVRFs increased with age, from 51-90% for blood pressure (BP), 22-45% for blood glucose and 15-47% for blood cholesterol levels, between 30 and 65 years, respectively...
September 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918448/a-systematic-review-of-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-screening-interventions-for-assessing-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-women-considering-combined-oral-contraceptives
#20
REVIEW
Zanfina Ademi, C Simone Sutherland, Joris Van Stiphout, Jöelle Michaud, Goranka Tanackovic, Matthias Schwenkglenks
Use of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) by women increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which can have a major impact on an individuals' quality of life. VTE is also associated with an increase in healthcare costs. Our aim was to systematically review cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) considering any screening for risk of VTE in women using COCs. The quality of reporting in each study was assessed, a summary of results was prepared, and the key drivers of cost effectiveness in each of the eligible CEAs were identified...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
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