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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737655/contraception-for-transplant-patients
#1
Andrea H Roe, Caryn Dutton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737591/hiv-incidence-and-predictors-of-hiv-acquisition-from-an-outside-partner-in-serodiscordant-couples-in-lusaka-zambia-1995-2012
#2
Dvora L Joseph Davey, Kristin M Wall, William Kilembe, Htee Khu Naw, Ilene Brill, Bellington Vwalika, Elwyn Chomba, Joseph Mulenga, Amanda Tichacek, Marjan Javanbakt, Pamina Gorbach, Susan Allen
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the incidence and predictors of HIV acquisition from outside partners in serodiscordant couples. METHODS: Demographic, behavioral, and clinical exposures were measured quarterly in a cohort of serodiscordant cohabiting couples in Zambia from 1995-2012 (n=3049). Genetic analysis classified incident infections as those acquired from the study partner (linked) or acquired from an outside partner (unlinked). Factors associated with time to unlinked HIV infection were evaluated using multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression stratified by gender...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737353/-neonaticides-in-france-analysis-of-357%C3%A2-cases-identified-in-the-press-1993-2012
#3
Laurence Simmat-Durand
Background and objectives: Despite easy access to contraception and child abandonment in France, neonaticides continue to occur and, although rare, are widely publicized. The objective of this study was to characterize neonaticides and their perpetrators over a twenty-year period in France based on cases reported in the press. Methods: 2,319 press articles describing the discovery of a newborn corpse in the regional and national press were extracted from electronic databases or other digital supports. A total of 357 neonaticides were described, corresponding to a mean annual rate of 2...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733222/molecular-classification-of-hepatocellular-adenoma-in-clinical-practice
#4
REVIEW
Jean-Charles Nault, Valérie Paradis, Daniel Cherqui, Valérie Vilgrain, Jessica Zucman-Rossi
Incidental liver lesion depicted on preoperative imaging for bariatric surgery (BMI = 42) in a 34 year-old woman with oral contraceptive use of 15 years, normal blood liver tests and high CRP (11 mg/L, Nl <6). MRI showed a 6 cm liver nodule in segment V close to the gallbladder. The nodule was moderately hyperintense on T1 (in-phase) and showed a marked and heterogeneous drop in signal intensity on opposedphase sequence suggesting the presence of fat. On T2, the nodule was heterogeneous, hyperintense at the periphery and hypointense in most of the central part...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732568/effects-of-oral-contraceptives-on-metabolic-profile-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-meta-analysis-comparing-products-containing-cyproterone-acetate-with-third-generation-progestins
#5
REVIEW
Mina Amiri, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Fatemeh Nahidi, Ali Kabir, Fereidoun Azizi, Enrico Carmina
BACKGROUND: Although oral contraceptives (OCs) are the most common treatment in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), their effects and safety on the metabolic profiles of these patients are relatively unknown. In this meta-analysis the effects of the different durations (from 3months to 1year) of OC treatment using cyproterone acetate (CA) or third generation progestins on metabolic profile of patients with PCOS were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar and ScienceDirect databases (2001-2015) were searched to identify clinical trials investigating the effects of OC containing CA or third generation progestins on metabolic profiles of women with PCOS...
August 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731204/urban-rural-differences-in-tubal-ligation-incidence-in-the-state-of-georgia-usa
#6
Curtis D Travers, Jessica B Spencer, Carrie A Cwiak, Ann C Mertens, Penelope P Howards
PURPOSE: To evaluate the difference in tubal ligation use between rural and urban counties in the state of Georgia, USA. METHODS: The study population included 2,160 women aged 22-45. All participants completed a detailed interview on their reproductive histories. County of residence was categorized using the National Center for Health Statistics Urban-Rural Classification Scheme. We estimated the association between urbanization of county of residence and tubal ligation using Cox regression...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730844/correlation-between-uterine-artery-doppler-indices-and-menstrual-irregularities-among-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-and-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-users-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Mohamed Rezk, Alaa Al-Halaby, Mohamed Emarh, Mohamed Shawky
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether menstrual irregularities among users of levonorgestrel releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) and depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), were associated with changes in uterine artery Doppler indices or not. METHODS: This three-year prospective observational study included 102 women using LNG-IUS and 104 women using DMPA for contraception. Participants were followed at regular intervals over three years with performance of transvaginal ultrasound to measure uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) before starting the method and at six months, 12 months, two and three years thereafter...
July 21, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730840/the-safety-of-available-and-emerging-options-for-emergency-contraception
#8
Jessica K Lee, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz
Emergency contraception (EC) is a way to significantly reduce the chance of becoming pregnant after an episode of unprotected intercourse. Considerable data support the safety of all available and emerging options for EC. Areas covered: This review presents a comprehensive summary of the literature regarding the safety of EC as well as directions for further study. PubMed was searched for all relevant studies published prior to June 2017. Expert Opinion: All available methods of EC (i.e., ulipristal acetate pills, levonorgestrel pills, and the copper-IUD), carry only mild side effects and serious adverse events are essentially unknown...
July 21, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730656/spontaneous-pregnancy-during-ulipristal-acetate-treatment-of-giant-uterine-leiomyoma
#9
Z Hrgovic, D Habek, J Cerkez Habek, I Hrgovic, S Jerkovic Gulin, D Gulin
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Ulipristal acetate, a progesterone receptor modulator, pharmacologically inhibits endometrial proliferation and thereby prevents pregnancy. It is primarily used as emergency contraception, but also for the treatment of fibroids in women of reproductive age. There have been no published cases of pregnancy, while on therapy with ulipristal acetate. CASE DESCRIPTION: In this article, we present a case report of spontaneous pregnancy during ulipristal acetate therapy...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728586/a-never-before-opportunity-to-strengthen-investment-and-action-on-adolescent-contraception-and-what-we-must-do-to-make-full-use-of-it
#10
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Pooja S Parameshwar, Matti Parry, Catherine Lane, Gwyn Hainsworth, Sylvia Wong, Lindsay Menard-Freeman, Beth Scott, Emily Sullivan, Miles Kemplay, Lale Say
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, the health and rights of adolescents are being recognized and prioritized on the global agenda. This presents us with a "never-before" opportunity to address adolescent contraception. This is timely, as there are enormous numbers of adolescents who are currently unable to obtain and use contraceptives. From research evidence and programmatic experience, it is clear that we need to do things differently to meet their needs/fulfil their rights. MAIN BODY: In this commentary, we call for action in several key areas to address adolescents' persistent inability to obtain and use contraceptives...
July 20, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728571/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-preterm-small-for-gestational-age-infants-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-rural-chinese-population
#11
Shi Chen, Rong Zhu, Huijuan Zhu, Hongbo Yang, Fengying Gong, Linjie Wang, Yu Jiang, Bill Q Lian, Chengsheng Yan, Jianqiang Li, Qing Wang, Shi-Kun Zhang, Hui Pan
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) are strong indicators of neonatal adverse outcomes. With the growing importance of preterm SGA infants, we aim to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for preterm SGA in China. METHOD: We analyzed the data of parents and infants from a population-based cohort research of the free National Pre-pregnancy Checkups Project (NPCP) in rural China. Only singleton live births that occurred between 24 weeks +0 days and 36 weeks +6 days of pregnancy were included in this study...
July 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728532/unintended-consequences-of-gender-equality-promotion-in-swedish-multicultural-contraceptive-counseling-a-discourse-analysis
#12
Jonna Arousell, Aje Carlbom, Sara Johnsdotter, Elin C Larsson, Birgitta Essén
In this article, we explore how reproductive health care providers in Sweden, a country often described as one of the most gender-equal countries in the world, incorporate gender equality ideals in multicultural contraceptive counseling. In the tension between gender equality promotion on one hand and respect for cultural diversity and individualized care on the other, we will demonstrate that values of gender equality were often given priority. This is not necessarily undesirable. Nevertheless, our proposal is that the gender equality ideology may inhibit providers' ability to think differently about issues at stake in contraceptive counseling, which may negatively influence women's possibilities to obtain adequate support...
August 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728451/esc-expert-statement-on-the-effects-on-mood-of-the-natural-cycle-and-progestin-only-contraceptives
#13
G S Merki-Feld, D Apter, G Bartfai, G Grandi, K Haldre, M Lech, R Lertxundi, I Lete, P Lobo Abascal, S Raine, F Roumen, D Serfaty, L P Shulman, S Skouby, J Bitzer
Hormonal fluctuations during the natural cycle, as well as progestins used for hormonal contraception, can exert effects on mood especially in vulnerable women. Negative effects of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine contraception on mood are rare.
July 21, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726247/women-s-attitudes-to-safe-induced-abortion-in-iran-findings-from-a-pilot-survey
#14
Nader Aghakhani, Michelle Cleary, Abbas Zarei, Violeta Lopez
AIM: To explore attitudes to safe-induced abortion among pregnant women in Iran. BACKGROUND: In Islamic teachings abortion is generally forbidden. However in specific circumstances abortion may be permitted and currently, in Iran, the law allows termination of pregnancy only if three specialist physicians confirm that the pregnancy outcome may be harmful for the mother during pregnancy or after birth. DESIGN: Pilot, descriptive survey. METHODS: A 15-item structured questionnaire focusing on attitudes to safe-induced abortion was developed and pilot tested...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725612/vasectomy-reversal-for-post-vasectomy-pain-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
L I Smith-Harrison, Ryan P Smith
Post-vasectomy pain syndrome (PVPS) is a rare, but devastating outcome following vasectomy. Given the widespread utilization of vasectomy for permanent contraception, with more than 500,000 procedures performed annually in the United States, it can be a significant challenge for both patients and providers. Vasectomy reversal is a surgical option for men who fail conservative or medical management. Despite improvements in technique, vasectomy carries some inherent risks making pre-procedure counseling regarding the risks of PVPS paramount...
May 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725086/the-fertility-of-internal-migrants-to-kinshasa
#16
Philip Anglewicz, Jamaica Corker, Patrick Kayembe
The rapid population growth of many African cities has important implications for population health, yet little is known about factors contributing to increasing population, such as the fertility of internal migrants. We examine whether in-migrants to Kinshasa have different fertility patterns than lifetime Kinshasa residents, and identify characteristics of migrants that may explain differences in fertility. We also use detailed migration histories to examine whether fertility differs by features of migration...
2017: Genus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722175/how-the-community-shapes-unmet-need-for-modern-contraception-an-analysis-of-44-demographic-and-health-surveys
#17
Nicholas Metheny, Rob Stephenson
Unmet need for modern contraception is a major public health concern in resource-constrained countries. Recent research supports the application of social-ecological theories to explain how characteristics of a woman's community shape modern contraception use. However, this research focuses largely on individual countries and uses a limited number of community-level effects. We fitted three random-effects logistic regression models to examine associations between 13 community-level variables and the odds of reporting unmet need, unmet need for spacing, and unmet need for limiting for all parous, female respondents in 44 DHS surveys collected in 2010-2015 (n=528,101)...
July 19, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721961/determinants-of-child-sex-ratio-in-west-and-south-districts-of-tripura-india
#18
Himadri Bhattacharjya, Subrata Baidya
BACKGROUND: Indian census 2011 has detected declined child sex ratio in the West and South districts of Tripura State. OBJECTIVES: To find out the sex ratio at birth and to identify the factors affecting child sex ratio in west and south districts of Tripura. METHODS: This community-based cross-sectional study combined with a qualitative component was conducted among 3438 couples chosen by multistage sampling. Quantitative data were collected by a structured interview schedule...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721821/current-perspectives-for-the-use-of-gonane-progesteronergic-drugs-in-the-treatment-of-central-hypoventilation-syndromes
#19
Camille Loiseau, Florence Cayetanot, Fanny Joubert, Anne-Sophie Perrin-Terrin, Philippe Cardot, Marie-Noëlle Fiamma, Alain Frugiere, Christian Straus, Laurence Bodineau
BACKGROUND: Central alveolar hypoventilation syndromes (CHS) encompass neurorespiratory diseases resulting from congenital or acquired neurological disorders. Hypercapnia, acidosis, and hypoxemia resulting from CHS negatively affect physiological functions and can be life-threatening. To date, the absence of pharmacological treatment implies that the patients must receive assisted ventilation throughout their lives. OBJECTIVE: To highlight the relevance of determining conditions in which using gonane synthetic progestins could be of potential clinical interest for the treatment of CHS...
July 19, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721311/from-kaua-i-to-hawai-i-island-interisland-differences-in-emergency-contraceptive-pill-availability
#20
Holly Bullock, Mary Tschann, Jennifer Elia, Bliss Kaneshiro, Jennifer Salcedo
Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are medications used after unprotected intercourse, underprotected intercourse, or sexual assault to decrease the risk of pregnancy. Availability of ECPs in Hawai'i's retail pharmacies was last assessed in 2007, following over-the-counter access to levonorgestrel ECPs (LNG-ECP) for women age 18 years or older and prior to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of prescription-only ulipristal acetate (UPA). We conducted a county-by-county subanalysis from a larger observational population-based study on statewide availability of ECPs in Hawai'i's pharmacies...
July 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
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