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poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671499/poststreptococcal-illness-recognition-and-management
#1
David L Maness, Michael Martin, Gregg Mitchell
Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus can cause several postinfectious, nonsuppurative immune- mediated diseases including acute rheumatic fever, poststreptococcal reactive arthritis, pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders, and poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis. Except for sporadic outbreaks, poststreptococcal autoimmune syndromes occur most commonly in sub-Saharan Africa, India, Australia, and New Zealand. Children younger than three years are rarely affected by group A streptococcus pharyngitis or rheumatic fever, and usually do not require testing...
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664821/poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis-with-unusual-lung-involvement
#2
Peter Voss, Ingmar Heijnen, Thomas Menter, Jens Bremerich, Cédric Jaeger, Thomas Daikeler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557617/anticardiolipin-antibodies-in-concurrent-poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis-and-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-a-case-report
#3
Ying-Liang Gong, Yu-Feng Li
We present a case of acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN) with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). Along with the classic findings of APSGN, the patient had a positive direct antiglobulin test and an anticardiolipin antibody without any typical clinical manifestations of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). This case raises questions of the relationship between Streptococcus and the development of autoimmune hemolytic anemia in children. Our case highlights the possibility that the streptococcal infections in this patient might be responsible for her anemia, either in setting of underlying antiphospholipid antibodies, or in having triggered the development of pathogenic antibodies, which subsequently leads to the clinical evolution of hemolysis...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402263/effect-of-the-2015-earthquake-on-pediatric-inpatient-pattern-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-nepal
#4
Bishnu Rath Giri, Ram Hari Chapagain, Samana Sharma, Sandeep Shrestha, Sunita Ghimire, P Ravi Shankar
BACKGROUND: Earthquakes impact child health in many ways. Diseases occurring immediately following an earthquake have been studied in field based hospitals but studies on the inpatient disease pattern among children without trauma in a permanent hospital setup is lacking. METHODS: We examined the diagnoses of all children without trauma, admitted to Kanti Children's Hospital, Kathmandu for fifteen-week duration (from 4th week to end of the 18th week) following the 7...
February 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386039/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-secondary-to-asymptomatic-poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis-in-a-child-with-sickle-cell-anemia-a-case-report
#5
Ehab Hanafy, Duaa Alshareef, Suhaila Osman, Abdullah Al Jabri, Faisal Nazim, Gihan Mahmoud
BACKGROUND: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a neurotoxic condition that occurs as a result of the failure of posterior circulatory autoregulation in response to acute changes in blood pressure. Overperfusion with resultant disruption of the blood-brain barrier results in vasogenic edema, but not infarction. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome can be the presenting feature of postinfectious glomerulonephritis, which has been reported in approximately 5% of hospitalized children, and it has been reported in very few cases of adult patients with sickle cell anemia...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290203/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-secondary-to-acute-poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis-in-a-12-year-old-girl
#6
Javaria Rasheed, Rushan Hassan, Fauzia Zafar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042869/clinical-characteristics-of-hypertensive-encephalopathy-in-pediatric-patients
#7
Chang Hoon Ahn, Seung-A Han, Young Hwa Kong, Sun Jun Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical characteristics of hypertensive encephalopathy according to the underlying etiologies in children. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 33 pediatric patients who were diagnosed as having hypertensive encephalopathy in Chonbuk National University Children's Hospital. Among the patients, 18 were excluded because of incomplete data or because brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was not performed. Finally, 17 patients were enrolled and divided into a renal-origin hypertension group and a non-renal-origin hypertension group according to the underlying cause...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951419/group-a-streptococcal-pharyngitis-immune-responses-involved-in-bacterial-clearance-and-gas-associated-immunopathologies
#8
REVIEW
Amelia T Soderholm, Timothy C Barnett, Matthew J Sweet, Mark J Walker
Streptococcus pyogenes, the Group A Streptococcus (GAS), is the most common cause of bacterial pharyngitis in children and adults. Innate and adaptive host immune responses are fundamental for defense against streptococcal pharyngitis and are central to the clinical manifestation of disease. Host immune responses also contribute to the severe poststreptococcal immune diseases that constitute the major disease burden for this organism. However, until recently, little was known about the host responses elicited during infection...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892995/concurrent-acute-glomerulonephritis-and-retropharyngeal-abscess-in-10-year-boy-a-case-report
#9
Sudha Yadav, Deepali Garg, Narain Das Vaswani, Jaya Shankar Kaushik, Seema Rohilla
Postinfectious Glomerulonephritis (PIGN) usually follows 1-2 weeks after respiratory tract infection and 4-6 weeks after skin infection. Acute Glomerulonephritis (AGN) is uncommon with simultaneous severe throat infections. We describe a 10-year-old boy who was presented with high grade fever, dysphagia and tender swelling over left side of neck. Examination also revealed enlarged multiple cervical lymph nodes on the same side of neck. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of soft tissue of neck revealed evidence of retropharyngeal abscess...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748885/cardiac-status-in-children-with-acute-poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis
#10
Tushar Idhate, Syed Ahmed Zaki, Preeti Shanbag
Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN) is the most common type of glomerulonephritis seen in children. It can affect multiple organs with heart being frequently involved. Yet, there are very few studies on cardiac status in children with PSGN and hence this study was conducted. All consecutive children from 1 month to 12 years of age, admitted over a two-year period with a diagnosis of PSGN, were included in the study. An electrocardiogram (ECG) and two-dimensional echocardiogram were performed in all patients on admission and repeated at six and 12 weeks, if abnormal...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509140/a-rare-adult-case-of-poststreptococcal-acute-glomerulonephritis-with-a-retropharyngeal-abscess
#11
Tsuyoshi Takashima, Sae Hirata, Mai Nonaka, Keiichiro Matsumoto, Yuki Awanami, Masatora Yamasaki, Makoto Fukuda, Motoaki Miyazono, Yuji Ikeda
Retropharyngeal abscess is an infection involving the retropharyngeal space which is posterior to the pharynx and oesophagus, and it results as a complication of a primary infection elsewhere in the head and neck including the nasopharynx, paranasal sinuses, or middle ear, which drain lymph to the retropharyngeal lymph nodes. Their lymph nodes are prominent in children and atrophy with age. Therefore, retropharyngeal abscess is most frequently encountered in children, with 75% of cases occurring before the age of 5 years, and often in the first year of life...
May 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416474/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-in-an-adult-patient-with-poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis
#12
Hans Alexi Reyes, Jens Witsch, Carla Sueldo, Jungrak Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123335/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-children-a-case-series
#13
Serhat Emeksiz, Nurettin Onur Kutlu, Hüseyin Çaksen, Gülsüm Alkan, Hülya Şeker Yıkmaz, Hüseyin Tokgöz
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is characterized by hypertension, seizure, headache, clouding of consciousness, and visual disturbance, and is diagnosed in the presence of typical lesions on magnetic resonance imaging. We retrospectively evaluated five patients who were diagnosed as having posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome and followed up in Meram Medical Faculty, Pediatric Intensive Care and Hematology wards, between January 2010 and January 2014. We reviewed the demographic and clinical data, and neuroimaging findings...
December 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867675/a-case-of-thyroid-storm-associated-with-cardiomyopathy-and-poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis
#14
Lisa J Underland, Gerson A Vallencia Villeda, Abhijeet Pal, Leslie Lam
Thyroid storm has a high mortality rate and is often associated with a precipitating factor such as intercurrent illness or infection. It is rare in pediatric patients. Cardiac disease in hyperthyroidism mostly manifests itself as tachycardia but more serious cardiac findings have also been described. A 5-year-old male with recent strep throat infection presented with dilated cardiomyopathy, hematuria, and symptoms and lab findings consistent with severe hyperthyroidism. He was diagnosed with thyroid storm secondary to concurrent Graves' disease and poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN)...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826373/acute-cardiac-tamponade-in-a-58-year-old-male-with-poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis
#15
Wendy Bottinor, Daniel Fronk, Salima Sadruddin, Harriet Foster, Nilang Patel, Andreas Prinz, Ion S Jovin
Pericarditis in conjunction with nephritis is an uncommon clinical scenario with a broad differential diagnosis. We present the case of a 58-year-old male who developed nephritis and pericardial effusion with tamponade physiology. In the following, we discuss the differential diagnosis for concomitant nephritis and pericarditis and discuss the work-up performed on our patient. We also review the epidemiology of postinfectious glomerulonephritis in adults and describe previous cases of Streptococcus pyogenes pericarditis in the literature...
September 2016: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642522/acute-kidney-injury-and-atypical-features-during-pediatric-poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis
#16
Rose M Ayoob, Andrew L Schwaderer
The most common acute glomerulonephritis in children is poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN) usually occurring between 3 and 12 years old. Hypertension and gross hematuria are common presenting symptoms. Most PSGN patients do not experience complications, but rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis and hypertensive encephalopathy have been reported. This paper reports 17 patients seen in 1 year for PSGN including 4 with atypical PSGN, at a pediatric tertiary care center. Seventeen children (11 males), mean age of 8 years, were analyzed...
2016: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625530/acute-poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis-and-acute-rheumatic-fever-an-uncommon-coincidence
#17
Cerniauskiene Vilija, Kalibatas Paulius, Azukaitis Karolis, Jankauskiene Augustina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26798467/post-streptococcal-glomerulonephritis-associated-with-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-to-treat-or-not-to-treat-with-eculizumab
#18
Aadil Kakajiwala, Tricia Bhatti, Bernard S Kaplan, Rebecca L Ruebner, Lawrence Copelovitch
A 7-year-old male with poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN) developed hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and achieved remission. He was treated with eculizumab for 1 year. The eculizumab was discontinued and the patient remained in remission. This is the 10th reported case of PSGN associated with HUS. The histopathological feature observed at the 1-year follow-up was indistinguishable from the expected findings in an individual with healed PSGN without associated HUS. The relatively good prognosis in most prior cases and the absence of any reported recurrences strongly suggest that this form of atypical HUS does not warrant long-term eculizumab therapy...
February 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26718763/iga-dominant-acute-poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis-with-concomitant-rheumatic-fever-successfully-treated-with-steroids-a-case-report
#19
Rina R Rus, Nataša Toplak, Alenka Vizjak, Jerica Mraz, Dušan Ferluga
There are only a few reports of the co-occurrence of acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APGN) and acute rheumatic fever. We report an unusual case of a 3-year-old boy with nephrotic syndrome and acute renal failure with the transitional need for peritoneal dialysis, biopsy-proven atypical IgA-dominant APGN, and concomitant acute rheumatic fever, successfully treated by steroids. Aggressive treatment with pulses of methylprednisolone proved to be successful and we recommend its use in this type of cases...
December 2015: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26383899/lupus-anticoagulant-positivity-in-pediatric-patients-with-prolonged-activated-partial-thromboplastin-time-a-single-center-experience-and-review-of-literature
#20
REVIEW
Baris Malbora, Eris Bilaloglu
The presence of lupus anticoagulants (LAs) is an important cause of activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) prolongation found in children after an infection or during screening tests before surgical intervention. The authors retrospectively reviewed the charts of 68 patients who have been consulted from surgery departments with prolonged aPTT. These patients were reevaluated with aPTT analysis after 1 week. Thirteen patients had normal aPTTs. Therefore, 55 patients remained with prolonged aPTTs. LA positivity was detected in 39 patients...
2015: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
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