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Peter H Wiernik
The purpose of this paper is to review the preclinical and clinical rationale for androgen therapy of acute myeloid (AML) and hairy cell leukemia (HCL). A major recent positive study should renew interest in this therapy, which has been reported to be effective in these leukemias for more than 50 years. Hopefully, renewed interest in this approach, which seems promising, will lead to well-designed modern studies that will precisely define a role for androgens in these leukemias. A recent large prospective, randomized study has demonstrated enhanced survival for elderly AML patients who present with WBC counts < 30,000/μL have improved overall survival when androgens are given post-remission, and numerous case reports suggest that androgens frequently restore normal peripheral blood counts in severely pancytopenic patients with HCL...
January 23, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
Olle Ringdén, Behnam Sadeghi, Gianluca Moretti, Sigrun Finnbogadottir, Brita Eriksson, Jonas Mattsson, Britt-Marie Svahn, Mats Remberger
Patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) were given the option to be treated at home during the pancytopenic phase. Daily visits by a nurse and phone calls from a physician from the unit were part of the protocol. During almost two decades, 252 patients with haematological malignancies and non-malignant disorders were included. Median age was 47 (range 0-72) years. Myeloablative conditioning was given to 102 patients and reduced intensity to 150. Donors were matched unrelated (n = 160), HLA-identical siblings (n = 71), or HLA-mismatched (n = 21)...
April 2018: International Journal of Hematology
G Brás, C Pinho-Vaz, A Campos
Secondary neoplasias are well known consequences of radiotherapy or chemotherapy for a primary cancer. In this report, we describe two rare secondary neoplasias occurring in the same patient: a meningioma-like intracranial tumor and high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) of donor-cells origin, both diagnosed simultaneously, 8 years after an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Due to an engraftment failure during the first allo-HSCT of a matched related donor for CLL treatment, the salvage treatment was a second allo-HSCT...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
Hyun-Nam Seo, Jin-Ho Seo, Cheol-Young Lee, Jihye Song, Jong-Hyun Kim, Hyun-Woo Kim
Anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma (ALCL) encompasses different clinical entities that can be aggressive or localized. Scalp anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-negative ALCL is considered a localized lymphoma, and usually extends to the regional lymph nodes; intracranial invasion is rare. A 74-year-old woman was diagnosed with scalp ALK-negative ALCL, but did not exhibit invasion of the lymph nodes. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed intracranial masses with bony erosions. We treated the patient using CHOP chemotherapy and achieved short-term regression of the scalp and intracranial lesions...
April 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
Andre Dias, Emiliana Franco, Jasmine Martinez, Vincent M Figueredo
A 38-year-old African American male patient with a past medical history of human immunodeficiency virus and schizophrenia who was noncompliant with medications presented to the emergency department (ED) after activation of the local crisis response center for altered mental status. Upon arrival he was lethargic and uncooperative, unable to provide any significant details apart from pleuritic chest pain. His blood pressure was 133/88 mmHg, heart rate 43 beats per minute and initial body temperature 36.1 °C which prompted an electrocardiogram (EKG)...
May 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
Siddhi Manohar Bagwe, Pravin Popatrao Kale, Lokesh Kumar Bhatt, Kedar S Prabhavalkar
Pancytopenia is a health condition in which there is a reduction in the amount of leucocytes, erythrocytes and thrombocytes. If more than one of the blood cells is low then the condition is called as bicytopenia. The pancytopenic condition is observed in treatment of diseased conditions like thalassemia and hepatitis C. Iatrogenically pancytopenia is caused by some antibiotics and anti-HCV drugs. Medical conditions like aplastic anaemia, lymphoma, copper deficiency, and so forth can also cause pancytopenia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Katie A Matatall, Mira Jeong, Siyi Chen, Deqiang Sun, Fengju Chen, Qianxing Mo, Marek Kimmel, Katherine Y King
Chronic infections affect a third of the world's population and can cause bone marrow suppression, a severe condition that increases mortality from infection. To uncover the basis for infection-associated bone marrow suppression, we conducted repeated infection of WT mice with Mycobacterium avium. After 4-6 months, mice became pancytopenic. Their hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) were severely depleted and displayed interferon gamma (IFN-γ) signaling-dependent defects in self-renewal. There was no evidence of increased HSPC mobilization or apoptosis...
December 6, 2016: Cell Reports
Valeria Santini
The majority of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients belong to the International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) and IPSS-revised (IPSS-R) lower-risk categories. Their precise diagnostics and prognostic stratification is often a challenge, but may ensure the optimization of therapy. The availability of diverse treatment options has significantly improved the quality of life and survival of this group of patients. Anemia is the most relevant cytopenia in terms of frequency and symptoms in lower-risk MDS, and may be treated successfully with erythropoietic stimulating agents, provided a careful selection is performed on the basis of IPSS-R, endogenous erythropoietin levels, and transfusion independence...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
Rajneesh Thakur, Navjyot Kaur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Jaime A Campbell, John R Krause
Prolonged immunosuppression in solid organ transplant recipients has been considered a risk for developing opportunistic infections and malignancies. Acute leukemia is a rare complication. We report a case of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) (FAB M3) after cadaveric renal transplant for focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in a 24-year-old woman. Her immunosuppressive therapy included tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and prednisone. Approximately 2 years after transplant, she became pancytopenic, prompting administration of filgrastim...
October 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Ritam Chatterjee, Sukalpa Chattopadhyay, Sujata Law
Aplastic anemia, the paradigm of bone marrow failure, is characterized by pancytopenic peripheral blood and hypoplastic bone marrow. Among various etiologies, inappropriate use of DNA alkylating drugs like cyclophosphamide and busulfan often causes the manifestation of the dreadful disease. Cell cycle impairment in marrow hematopoietic stem/progenitor compartment together with cellular apoptosis has been recognized as culpable factors behind aplastic pathophysiologies. However, the intricate molecular mechanisms remain unrevealed till date...
November 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Mintallah Haider, Najla Al Ali, Eric Padron, Pearlie Epling-Burnette, Jeffrey Lancet, Alan List, Rami Komrokji
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressive therapy (IST) in low risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is known to achieve hematologic improvement but remains an underutilized treatment option. We report our experience using antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and cyclosporine A (CSA) to explore clinical predictive response factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients treated with IST identified in the Moffitt Cancer Center MDS database were analyzed using baseline data, IST details, and response rates...
August 2016: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
Baruch Brenner, Michal Sarfaty, Ofer Purim, Yulia Kundel, Limor Amit, Amir Abramovich, Udi Sadeh Gonik, Efraim Idelevich, Noa Gordon, Gal Medalia, Aaron Sulkes
INTRODUCTION: Current treatment options for advanced esophagogastric cancer (AEGC) are still unsatisfactory. The aim of this prospective phase Ib/II study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel regimen, AVDCX, consisting of weekly docetaxel and cisplatin together with capecitabine and bevacizumab, in AEGC. METHODS: Patients with AEGC received treatment with different dose levels of AVDCX (cisplatin and docetaxel 25-35 mg/m2, days 1,8, capecitabine 1,600 mg/m2 days 1-14, bevacizumab 7...
2016: PloS One
K Bommannan, M U S Sachdeva, M Gupta, P Bose, N Kumar, P Sharma, S Naseem, J Ahluwalia, R Das, N Varma
INTRODUCTION: A good bone marrow (BM) sample is essential in evaluating many hematologic disorders. An unsuccessful BM aspiration (BMA) procedure precludes a successful flow cytometric immunophenotyping (FCI) in most hematologic malignancies. Apart from FCI, most ancillary diagnostic techniques in hematology are less informative. We describe the feasibility of FCI in vortex-dislodged cell preparation obtained from unfixed trephine biopsy (TB) specimens. METHODS: In pancytopenic patients and dry tap cases, routine diagnostic BMA and TB samples were complemented by additional trephine biopsies...
October 2016: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
P V T M Rathnayake, W K S Kularathne, G C V De Silva, B M S B Athauda, S N N K Nanayakkara, A Siribaddana, D Baminiwatte
BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is a frequently fatal and likely underdiagnosed disease. It is a rare occurrence in adults and usually secondary to an insult such as viral infections, bacterial infections, autoimmune connective tissue disorders, malignancies and immunocompromised states, in contrast to its childhood counterpart, which is due to a genetic defect but may share some of same genetic etiologies. It is characterized by multisystem inflammation due to unregulated proliferation and infiltration of macrophages and CD8 T cells in the bone marrow, which leads to phagocytosis of red blood cells, platelets, lymphocytes and their precursors...
2015: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Pardis Nematollahi, Fereshteh Mohammadizadeh
Inborn errors of metabolism cause increase of metabolites in serum and their deposition in various organs including bone marrow. Primary hyperoxaluria (PH) is a rare inborn error in the pathway of glyoxylate metabolism which causes excessive oxalate production. The disease is characterized by widespread deposition of calcium oxalate (oxalosis) in multiple organs. Urinary tract including renal parenchyma is the initial site of deposition followed by extrarenal organs such as bone marrow. This case report introduces a 54-year-old woman with end stage renal disease presenting with debilitating fatigue and pancytopenia...
2015: Case Reports in Hematology
Arvind Kumar Gupta, Man Updesh Singh Sachdeva, Jasmina Ahluwalia, Reena Das, Shano Naseem, Prashant Sharma, Narender Kumar, Pankaj Malhotra, Neelam Varma, Subhash Varma
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Hairy cell leukaemia (HCL) is a B cell neoplasm which constitutes around 2 per cent of all the lymphoid leukaemias. It has a characteristic morphology and immunophenotypic profile. It is important to distinguish HCL from other B cell lymphoproliferative disorders due to availability of different chemotherapeutic agents. This study presents clinical, haematological and immunophenotypic profile of patients with HCL seen over a period of four years in a tertiary care hospital in north India...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Medical Research
M Mahapatra, P K Singh, M Agarwal, M Prabhu, P Mishra, T Seth, S Tyagi, H P Patil, R Saxena
BACKGROUND: The incidence of aplastic anaemia (AA) is higher in Asia than in the West. The precise incidence of AA in India is not known due to lack of epidemiological study. 20-40% of pancytopenic patients in referral centres are of aplastic anaemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an analysis of 1501 patients diagnosed with aplastic anaemia over a period of seven and half years (January 2007- June 2014) attending the Aplastic clinic of department of haematology of All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi...
March 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Nirav Patel, Davinder Singh, Krunal Patel, Shadab Ahmed, Prachi Anand
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have 2-fold increased risk of herpes zoster. In literature, limited information exists about disseminated cutaneous zoster in RA patients. An 83-year-old African-American female with RA presented with generalized and widespread vesicular rash covering her entire body. Comorbidities include hypertension, type II diabetes, and dyslipidemia. Patient was on methotrexate 12.5 mg and was not receiving any corticosteroids, anti-TNF therapy, or other biological agents. The patient was afebrile (98 F) with no SIRS criteria...
2015: Case Reports in Medicine
Lucille Altounian, Julien Perrin, Fanny Fouyssac, Odile Fenneteau, Lydie Da Costa, Michel Bahuau, Bruno Leheup, Philippe Jonveaux, Jean-François Lesesve
A pyrimidine 5'-nucleotidase deficiency in an adult is reported. Interestingly, the P5'N-1 deficiency was associated to a polymalformative syndrome and was characterized by a chronic, pancytopenic evolution with concomitant dyserythropoiesis.
September 2015: Annales de Biologie Clinique
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