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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734170/web-based-physical-activity-interventions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
Leila Jahangiry, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Fatemeh Rezaei, T Pashaei
OBJECTIVES: It was estimated that approximately 60% of the world's population is classified as inactive or insufficiently active. This meta-analysis investigated the effect of web-based interventions on different types of physical activity (PA) measurements in general population and potential moderating variables. STUDY DESIGN: PubMed, CINAHL, EBSCOhost, PsycINFO, Scopus, Ovid, and ScienceDirect literature searches were conducted to identify studies investigating the effect of web-based interventions on PA...
July 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732345/multichannel-electroanalytical-devices-for-competitive-elisa-of-phenylethanolamine-a
#2
Yang Liu, Meng Cai, Weiping Wu, Yuting Fang, Pei She, Shouming Xu, Jianguo Li, Kang Zhao, Jingjuan Xu, Ning Bao, Anping Deng
Herein, we reported a disposable electroanalytical device for competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of phenylethanolamine A (PA). Conductive carbon tape coated with gold cluster served as the working electrode, while the counter and reference electrodes were fabricated on the filter paper by the screen-printing technique. Separating fabrication of the working electrode from other electrodes could make it possible for full utilization of the working electrode modification in bulk and no contamination of the immune-reagents on the counter and reference electrodes...
April 11, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732271/a-rare-anomaly-of-the-right-superior-pulmonary-vein-report-of-a-case
#3
Yoshinobu Ichiki, Kesei Kakizoe, Takayuki Hamatsu, Taketoshi Suehiro, Makiko Koike, Fumihiro Tanaka, Keizo Sugimachi
INTRODUCTION: Although there are a lot of variations of pulmonary veins (PVs) including dangerous type that could cause serous complications during the surgery, limited information has been reported about these variations. We have experienced an extremely rare anomaly of the right superior PV. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 74-year-old man patient with right lung cancer visited our hospital. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a pulmonary nodule in the right lower lobe...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731220/mechanically-tunable-bioink-for-3d-bioprinting-of-human-cells
#4
Aurelien Forget, Andreas Blaeser, Florian Miessmer, Marius Köpf, Daniela F Duarte Campos, Nicolas H Voelcker, Anton Blencowe, Horst Fischer, V Prasad Shastri
This study introduces a thermogelling bioink based on carboxylated agarose (CA) for bioprinting of mechanically defined microenvironments mimicking natural tissues. In CA system, by adjusting the degree of carboxylation, the elastic modulus of printed gels can be tuned over several orders of magnitudes (5-230 Pa) while ensuring almost no change to the shear viscosity (10-17 mPa) of the bioink solution; thus enabling the fabrication of 3D structures made of different mechanical domains under identical printing parameters and low nozzle shear stress...
July 21, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731171/protective-role-of-pollen-typhae-total-flavone-against-the-palmitic-acid-induced-impairment-of-glucose-stimulated-insulin-secretion-involving-gpr40-signaling-in-ins-1-cells
#5
Xiao-Tao Feng, Hui-Ming Duan, Shuang-Lei Li
Prolonged elevated levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) contribute to the impairment of insulin secretion function of pancreatic β cells, a hallmark of type 2 diabetes, which is partly attributed to the dysfunction of G-protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40) signaling. Pollen Typhae total flavone (PTF), an extract from a Chinese herbal medicine named Pollen Typhae, has been reported to effectively treat type 2 diabetes, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. In the present study, palmitic acid (PA), a saturated fatty acid, severely impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in a time-dependent manner in INS-1 cells, and PTF treatment prevented the impairment in a dose-dependent manner...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731142/nlrc3-promotes-host-resistance-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-induced-keratitis-by-promoting-the-degradation-of-irak1
#6
Litao Guo, Qingzhu Kong, Zhijun Dong, Weili Dong, Xiaoxiao Fu, Leqi Su, Xiaobo Tan
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA)-induced keratitis is one of the most common and destructive bacterial diseases. The pathogenesis of PA infections is closely associated with excessive inflammatory responses. Nucleotide oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor (NLR) family with caspase activation and recruitment domain (CARD) containing 3 (NLRC3) protein has been implicated as a negative regulator of inflammation and antiviral response, but the role of NLRC3 in PA-induced keratitis has not been described...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730902/relationships-between-adolescent-body-mass-index-physical-activity-and-sensory-processing-patterns-relations-entre-l-indice-de-masse-corporelle-l-activit%C3%A3-physique-et-les-sch%C3%A3-mes-d-int%C3%A3-gration-sensorielle-des-adolescents
#7
Joan Ziegler Delahunt, Lisa A Mische Lawson
BACKGROUND: Trends show a significant decline with adolescent physical activity (PA). Knowledge regarding how sensory-processing patterns and body mass index (BMI) relate to adolescents' PA participation is scarce. PURPOSE: This study investigated if relationships exist between adolescent BMI, sensory processing, and PA participation. METHOD: This correlational study collected data from 141 adolescents who completed the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile and the Physical Activity Questionnaire-Adolescent...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730841/effectiveness-of-a-worksite-intervention-for-male-construction-workers-on-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviors-body-mass-index-and-health-outcomes-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Laura Viester, Evert A L M Verhagen, Paulien M Bongers, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an individually tailored intervention for improvement in lifestyle behavior, health indicators, and prevention and reduction of overweight among construction workers. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Various blue-collar departments of a large construction company in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Blue-collar workers randomized to an intervention (n = 162) or a control group (n = 152)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730821/efficient-carrier-to-exciton-conversion-in-field-emission-tunnel-diodes-based-on-mis-type-van-der-waals-heterostack
#9
Shunfeng Wang, Junyong Wang, Weijie Zhao, Francesco Giustiniano, Leiqiang Chu, Ivan Verzhbitskiy, Justin Zhou Yong, Goki Eda
We report on efficient carrier-to-exciton conversion and planer electroluminescence from tunnel diodes based on a metal-insulator-semiconductor van der Waals heterostack consisting of few-layer graphene (FLG), hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), and monolayer tungsten disulfide (WS2). These devices exhibit excitonic electroluminescence with extremely low threshold current density of a few pA∙μm-2, which is several orders of magnitude lower compared to the previously reported values for the best planar EL devices...
July 21, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730779/a-comparative-study-on-postoperative-mortality-prediction-of-sfli-scoring-system-and-child-pugh-classification-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
Jun Zheng, Rong-Chun Xing, Wei-Hong Zheng, Wei Liu, Ru-Cheng Yao, Xiao-Song Li, Jian-Ping Du, Lin Li
PURPOSE: In our previous study, we have established the clinical significance of the SFLI (scoring formula of liver injury), the purpose of this study was to compare the SFLI system and the Child-Pugh grading system in the prediction of postoperative mortality in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: 114 patients with HCC who underwent surgical treatment were enrolled. According to the requirement of the indicators for the Child-Pugh classification, various indices (including albumin [ALB], total bilirubin [TBIL], prothrombin time [PT], ascites, and hepatic encephalopathy) were considered in these patients before surgery, and then Child-Pugh grading was performed...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730657/higher-levels-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-keep-liver-mitochondria-happy
#11
Daniel J Cuthbertson, Kelly Bowden Davies
The concept that regular physical activity (PA) and exercise training promotes mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle, enhancing mitochondrial quality and quantity and in doing so increasing oxidative phosphorylation capacity, has been well established for almost 50 years. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 21, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730512/nlrp3-deletion-inhibits-the-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-development-and-inflammation-in-kupffer-cells-induced-by-palmitic-acid
#12
Can Cai, Xiwen Zhu, Peizhi Li, Jinzheng Li, Jianping Gong, Wei Shen, Kun He
The cleavage and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18 is regulated by NLRP3 (NACHT, LRR, and PYD domain-containing protein 3) inflammasome activation. Kupffer cells (KCs) are implicated in the pathogenesis of various liver diseases, such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), alcoholic liver disease, and liver fibrosis. However, the role of NLRP3 played in the non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has yet to be evaluated. In the present study, methionine-choline-deficient (MCD) diet was used to establish the mice NASH model...
July 20, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729459/enhancing-the-usability-of-systematic-reviews-by-improving-the-consideration-and-description-of-interventions
#13
Tammy C Hoffmann, Andrew D Oxman, John Pa Ioannidis, David Moher, Toby J Lasserson, David I Tovey, Ken Stein, Katy Sutcliffe, Philippe Ravaud, Douglas G Altman, Rafael Perera, Paul Glasziou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729136/heparinase-enables-reliable-quantification-of-circulating-tumor-dna-from-heparinized-plasma-samples-by-droplet-digital-pcr
#14
David Sefrioui, Ludivine Beaussire, Florian Clatot, Julien Delacour, Anne Perdrix, Pierre Michel, Frédéric Di Fiore, Nasrin Sarafan-Vasseur
BACKGROUND: Heparin is often used as a blood anticoagulant for tumor marker analysis but results in the inhibition of PCR detection of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), which has been deemed a potential "liquid biopsy". We aimed to evaluate the impact of heparinase addition on heparinized plasma samples to allow ctDNA analysis. METHODS: Plasma samples were collected in heparinized (n=194) and EDTA (n=8) tubes from hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer (HR+MBC) (n=144) and pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA) patients (n=50)...
July 17, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729003/the-effects-of-an-activity-promotion-system-on-active-living-in-overweight-subjects-with-metabolic-abnormalities
#15
Ya-Ping Yang, Chi-Jane Wang, Jing-Jy Wang, Che-Wei Lin, Ya-Ting Carolyn Yang, Jeen-Shing Wang, Yen Kuang Yang, Yi-Ching Yang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine the effects of Activity Promotion System (APs) on promoting physical activity (PA) for overweight subjects with metabolic abnormalities. METHODS: We designed a six-month randomised controlled trial with a cross-over design, and recruited 53 subjects. Subjects in group A used APs with a wearable device measuring whole-day PA, including sleep time, sedentary, light, moderate and vigorous PA and a web-based feedback system in the first three months and followed by usual care with traditional health education in the next three months...
July 17, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728352/the-association-between-physical-activity-and-atrial-fibrillation-applying-heaviside-function-in-survival-analysis-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#16
Yaser Mokhayeri, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Hamid Soori, Soheila Khodakarim
Objectives: Although the effect of physical activity (PA) on the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been studied, contradictory results have been reported. These seemingly different results may reflect alternate effects of different types of PA upon AF as well as gender interactions. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association of PA types namely total, moderate/vigorous, intentional, as well as walking pace on AF risk, in men and women. Methods: Using the MESA Typical Week Physical Activity Survey, three PA measures and walking pace among 6487 men and women aged 45-84 years were calculated...
June 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727907/novel-role-of-surfactant-protein-a-in-bacterial-sinusitis
#17
George T Noutsios, Amanda L Willis, Julie G Ledford, Eugene H Chang
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common inflammatory disorder of the upper airway characterized by chronic inflammation and significant sinonasal remodeling. CRS is comprised of 2 major subgroups, based on whether polyps are present or absent. In some cases, it is characterized by colonization with opportunistic pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), Staphylococcus aureus, and other bacteria. The innate immune system of the sinonasal epithelium is the first line of defense against inhaled pathogens...
July 20, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727801/proponent-or-collaborative-physician-perspectives-and-approaches-to-disease-modifying-therapies-in-sickle-cell-disease
#18
Nitya Bakshi, Cynthia B Sinha, Diana Ross, Kirshma Khemani, George Loewenstein, Lakshmanan Krishnamurti
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited blood disorder that primarily affects African-American and other ethnic minority populations. There are three available disease-modifying therapies for sickle cell disease: hydroxyurea (HU), bone marrow transplantation (BMT), and chronic blood transfusion (CBT). Since these treatments vary in their therapeutic intent, efficacy in preventing progression of the disease, short and long-term adverse effects, costs and patient burden, the decision-making process regarding these therapies is complicated for both the patient and healthcare provider...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727796/effects-of-health-risk-assessment-and-counselling-on-physical-activity-in-older-people-a-pragmatic-randomised-trial
#19
Anna Marie Herghelegiu, André Moser, Gabriel Ioan Prada, Stephan Born, Matthias Wilhelm, Andreas E Stuck
BACKGROUND: Interventions to increase physical activity (PA) among older community-dwelling adults may be enhanced by using multidimensional health risk assessment (HRA) as a basis for PA counselling. METHODS: The study was conducted among nondisabled but mostly frail persons 65 years of age and older at an ambulatory geriatric clinic in Bucharest, Romania. From May to July 2014, 200 participants were randomly allocated to intervention and control groups. Intervention group participants completed an initial HRA questionnaire and then had monthly counselling sessions with a geriatrician over a period of six months that were aimed at increasing low or maintaining higher PA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727643/improving-early-adolescent-girls-motor-skill-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Natalie Lander, Philip J Morgan, Jo Salmon, Lisa M Barnett
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels decline substantially during adolescence, and are consistently lower in girls. Competency in a range of fundamental movement skills (FMS) may serve as a protective factor for the decline in PA typically observed in adolescent girls; yet, girls' mastery in FMS is low. Whilst interventions can improve FMS, there is a lack of interventions targeting girls, and very few are conducted in high schools. Additionally, interventions are usually conducted by researchers, not teachers, and thus have little chance of being embedded into curricula...
July 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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