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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433008/nonlinear-permittivity-spectra-of-supercooled-ionic-liquids-observation-of-a-hump-in-the-third-order-permittivity-spectra-and-comparison-to-double-well-potential-models
#1
L N Patro, O Burghaus, B Roling
We have measured the third-order permittivity spectra ε3(3) of a monocationic and of a dicationic liquid close to the glass transition temperature by applying ac electric fields with large amplitudes up to 180 kV/cm. A peak ("hump") in the modulus of ε3(3) is observed for a mono-cationic liquid after subtraction of the dc contribution from the imaginary part of ε3(3). We show that the origin of this experimental "hump" is a peak in the imaginary part of ε3(3), with the peak height strongly increasing with decreasing temperature...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429615/regulation-of-vascular-large-conductance-calcium-activated-potassium-channels-by-nrf2-signalling
#2
Yong Li, Xiao-Li Wang, Xiaojing Sun, Qiang Chai, Jingchao Li, Benjamin Thompson, Win-Kuang Shen, Tong Lu, Hon-Chi Lee
BK channels are major ionic determinants of vasodilation. BK channel function is impaired in diabetic vessels due to accelerated proteolysis of its beta-1 (BK-β1) subunits in response to increased oxidative stress. The nuclear factor E2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) signalling pathway has emerged as a master regulator of cellular redox status, and we hypothesized that it plays a central role in regulating BK channel function in diabetic vessels. We found that Nrf2 expression was markedly reduced in db/db diabetic mouse aortas, and this was associated with significant downregulation of BK-β1...
April 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429021/preparation-and-characterization-of-metastable-trigonal-layered-msb2o6-phases-m-co-ni-cu-zn-and-mg-and-considerations-on-fesb2o6
#3
A Yu Nikulin, E A Zvereva, V B Nalbandyan, I L Shukaev, A I Kurbakov, M D Kuchugura, G V Raganyan, Yu V Popov, V D Ivanchenko, A N Vasiliev
MSb2O6 compounds (M = Mg, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn) are known in the tetragonal trirutile forms, slightly distorted monoclinically with M = Cu due to the Jahn-Teller effect. In this study, using a low-temperature exchange reaction between ilmenite-type NaSbO3 and molten MSO4-KCl (or MgCl2-KCl) mixtures, these five compositions were prepared for the first time as trigonal layered rosiaite (PbSb2O6)-type phases. Upon heating, they irreversibly transform to the known phases via amorphous intermediates, in contrast to previously studied isostructural MnSb2O6, where the stable phase is structurally related to the metastable phase...
April 21, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426233/investigation-of-classical-organic-and-ionic-liquid-cosolvents-for-early-stage-screening-in-fragment-based-inhibitor-design-with-unrelated-bacterial-and-human-dihydrofolate-reductases
#4
Jacynthe L Toulouse, Sarah M J Abraham, Natalia Kadnikova, Dominic Bastien, Vincent Gauchot, Andreea R Schmitzer, Joelle N Pelletier
Drug design by methods such as fragment screening requires effective solubilization of millimolar concentrations of small organic compounds while maintaining the properties of the biological target. We investigate four organic solvents and three 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium (BMIm)-based ionic liquids (ILs) as cosolvents to establish conditions for screening two structurally unrelated dihydrofolate reductases (DHFRs) that are prime drug targets. Moderate concentrations (10%-15%) of cosolvents had little effect on inhibition of the microbial type II R67 DHFR and of human DHFR (hDHFR), while higher concentrations of organic cosolvents generally decreased activity of both DHFRs...
April 20, 2017: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422196/boundary-layer-friction-of-solvate-ionic-liquids-as-a-function-of-potential
#5
Hua Li, Mark W Rutland, Masayoshi Watanabe, Rob Atkin
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been used to investigate the potential dependent boundary layer friction at solvate ionic liquid (SIL)-highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) and SIL-Au(111) interfaces. Friction trace and retrace loops of lithium tetraglyme bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide (Li(G4) TFSI) at HOPG present clearer stick-slip events at negative potentials than at positive potentials, indicating that a Li(+) cation layer adsorbed to the HOPG lattice at negative potentials which enhances stick-slip events...
April 19, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418670/polarization-effects-on-the-cellulose-dissolution-in-ionic-liquids-molecular-dynamics-simulations-with-polarization-model-and-integrated-tempering-enhanced-sampling-method
#6
Zigui Kan, Qiang Zhu, Lijiang Yang, Zhixiong Huang, Biaobing Jin, Jing Ma
Conformation of cellulose with various degree of polymerization of n = 1-12 in ionic liquid 1,3-dimethylimidazolium chloride ([C1mim]Cl) and the intermolecular interaction between them was studied by means of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with fixed-charge and charge variable polarizable force fields, respectively. The integrated tempering enhanced sampling method was also employed in the simulations in order to improve the sampling efficiency. Cellulose undergoes significant conformational changes from a gaseous right-hand helical twist along the long axis to a flexible conformation in ionic liquid...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402376/effect-of-low-water-content-in-protic-ionic-liquid-on-ions-electrosorption-in-porous-carbon-application-to-electrochemical-capacitors
#7
B Gorska, L Timperman, M Anouti, F Béguin
The effect of low water content (<20, 150, 1000, 10 000 ppm) in triethylammonium bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]imide - [(C2H5)3N(+)H][TFSI(-)] - protic ionic liquid (PIL) on the performance of activated carbon (AC) electrodes as well as AC/AC electrochemical capacitors (ECs) is reported. Under negative polarization, hydrogen electrosorption onto carbon is enhanced along with the increase of water content in PIL, whereas the resulting desorption peaks are shifted to lower potential values, evidencing lower sorption energy when hydrogen is stored from moisture containing PIL...
April 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402305/the-binding-of-metal-ions-to-molecularly-imprinted-polymers
#8
Rukshan Perera, Syed Ashraf, Anja Mueller
Imprinting polymerization is a flexible method to make resins specific for different compounds. Imprinting polymerization involves the polymerization of the resin in the presence of a template, here cadmium ions or arsenate. The template is then removed by washing, leaving specific binding sites in the resin. In water treatment, the removal of toxic metal ions is difficult due to the limited affinity of these ions to ion exchange resins. Imprinting polymerization of ion-exchange resins is used to develop resins with high capacity and some selectivity for cadmium ions or arsenate for water treatment that still function as general ion-exchange resins...
April 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398041/pressure-induced-stable-beryllium-peroxide
#9
Shoutao Zhang, Fei Li, Haiyang Xu, Guochun Yang
Beryllium oxides, at ambient pressure, have been extensively studied due to their unique chemical bonds and applications. However, the long-desirable target beryllium peroxide (BeO2) has not been reported, thus far. Currently, the application of pressure has become a powerful tool in finding unusual stoichiometric compounds with exotic properties. Here, swarm structural searches in combination with first-principles calculations disclosed that the reaction of BeO and oxygen, at pressures above 89.6 GPa, yields BeO2...
April 11, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393945/the-importance-of-transport-property-studies-for-battery-electrolytes-revisiting-the-transport-properties-of-lithium-n-methyl-n-propylpyrrolidinium-bis-fluorosulfonyl-imide-mixtures
#10
Thomas Rüther, Mitsuhiro Kanakubo, Adam S Best, Kenneth R Harris
Transport properties are examined in some detail for samples of the low temperature molten salt N-propyl-N-methyl pyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide [Pyr13][FSI] from two different commercial suppliers. A similar set of data is presented for two different concentrations of binary lithium-[Pyr13][FSI] salt mixtures from one supplier. A new and significantly different production process is used for the synthesis of Li[FSI] as well as the [Pyr13](+) salt used in the mixtures. Results for the viscosity, conductivity, and self-diffusion coefficients, together with the density and expansivity and apparent molar volume, are reported over the temperature range of (0 to 80) °C...
April 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386010/all-printed-thin-film-transistors-from-networks-of-liquid-exfoliated-nanosheets
#11
Adam G Kelly, Toby Hallam, Claudia Backes, Andrew Harvey, Amir Sajad Esmaeily, Ian Godwin, João Coelho, Valeria Nicolosi, Jannika Lauth, Aditya Kulkarni, Sachin Kinge, Laurens D A Siebbeles, Georg S Duesberg, Jonathan N Coleman
All-printed transistors consisting of interconnected networks of various types of two-dimensional nanosheets are an important goal in nanoscience. Using electrolytic gating, we demonstrate all-printed, vertically stacked transistors with graphene source, drain, and gate electrodes, a transition metal dichalcogenide channel, and a boron nitride (BN) separator, all formed from nanosheet networks. The BN network contains an ionic liquid within its porous interior that allows electrolytic gating in a solid-like structure...
April 7, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384246/proton-and-non-proton-activation-of-asic-channels
#12
Ivan Gautschi, Miguel Xavier van Bemmelen, Laurent Schild
The Acid-Sensing Ion Channels (ASIC) exhibit a fast desensitizing current when activated by pH values below 7.0. By contrast, non-proton ligands are able to trigger sustained ASIC currents at physiological pHs. To analyze the functional basis of the ASIC desensitizing and sustained currents, we have used ASIC1a and ASIC2a mutants with a cysteine in the pore vestibule for covalent binding of different sulfhydryl reagents. We found that ASIC1a and ASIC2a exhibit two distinct currents, a proton-induced desensitizing current and a sustained current triggered by sulfhydryl reagents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382626/use-of-radiocontrast-agents-in-ckd-and-esrd
#13
Jehan Z Bahrainwala, Amanda K Leonberg-Yoo, Michael R Rudnick
Contrast exposure in a population with chronic kidney disease (CKD) requires additional consideration given the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) after exposure to iodinated contrast as well as systemic injury with exposure to gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCA). Strategies to avoid CIN, and manage patients after exposure, including extracorporeal removal of contrast media, may differ among an advanced CKD population as compared to a general population. There is strong evidence to support the use of isotonic volume expansion and the lowest dose of low-osmolar or iso-osmolar contrast media possible to decrease CIN...
April 5, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367595/ionic-currents-influencing-spontaneous-firing-and-pacemaker-frequency-in-dopamine-neurons-of-the-ventrolateral-periaqueductal-gray-and-dorsal-raphe-nucleus-vlpag-drn-a-voltage-clamp-and-computational-modelling-study
#14
Antonios G Dougalis, Gillian A C Matthews, Birgit Liss, Mark A Ungless
Dopamine (DA) neurons of the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG) and dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) fire spontaneous action potentials (APs) at slow, regular patterns in vitro but a detailed account of their intrinsic membrane properties responsible for spontaneous firing is currently lacking. To resolve this, we performed a voltage-clamp electrophysiological study in brain slices to describe their major ionic currents and then constructed a computer model and used simulations to understand the mechanisms behind autorhythmicity in silico...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364618/effect-of-the-protein-ligand-in-dmso-reductase-studied-by-computational-methods
#15
Geng Dong, Ulf Ryde
The DMSO reductase family is the largest and most diverse family of mononuclear molybdenum oxygen-atom-transfer proteins. Their active sites contain a Mo ion coordinated to two molybdopterin ligands, one oxo group in the oxidised state, and one additional, often protein-derived ligand. We have used density-functional theory to evaluate how the fourth ligand (serine, cysteine, selenocysteine, OH(-), O(2-), SH(-), or S(2-)) affects the geometries, reaction mechanism, reaction energies, and reduction potentials of intermediates in the DMSO reductase reaction...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355974/microbial-alginate-dressings-show-improved-binding-capacity-for-pathophysiological-factors-in-chronic-wounds-compared-to-commercial-alginate-dressings-of-marine-origin
#16
Melissa Fischer, Florian Gebhard, Timo Hammer, Christian Zurek, Guido Meurer, Christoph Marquardt, Dirk Hoefer
Marine alginates are well established in wound management. Compared with different modern wound dressings, marine alginates cannot prove superior effects on wound healing. Alginates from bacteria have never been studied for medical applications so far, although the microbial polymer raises expectations for improved binding of wound factors because of its unique O-acetylation. Due to its possible positive effects on wound healing, alginates from bacteria might be a superior future medical product for clinical use...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353420/antibody-adsorption-on-the-surface-of-water-studied-by-neutron-reflection
#17
Charles Smith, Zongyi Li, Robert Holman, Fang Pan, Richard A Campbell, Mario Campana, Peixun Li, John R P Webster, Steven Bishop, Rojaramani Narwal, Shahid Uddin, Christopher F van der Walle, Jian R Lu
Surface and interfacial adsorption of antibody molecules could cause structural unfolding and desorbed molecules could trigger solution aggregation, resulting in the compromise of physical stability. Although antibody adsorption is important and its relevance to many mechanistic processes has been proposed, few techniques can offer direct structural information about antibody adsorption under different conditions. The main aim of this study was to demonstrate the power of neutron reflection to unravel the amount and structural conformation of the adsorbed antibody layers at the air/water interface with and without surfactant, using a monoclonal antibody 'COE-3' as the model...
April 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352865/effects-of-synthetic-iron-and-aluminium-oxide-surface-charge-and-hydrophobicity-on-the-formation-of-bacterial-biofilm
#18
Hamid M Pouran, Steve A Banwart, Maria Romero-Gonzalez
In this research, bacterial cell attachments to hematite, goethite and aluminium hydroxide were investigated. The aim was to study the effects of these minerals' hydrophobicity and pH-dependent surface charge on the extent of biofilm formation using six genetically diverse bacterial strains: Rhodococcus spp. (RC92 & RC291), Pseudomonas spp. (Pse1 & Pse2) and Sphingomonas spp. (Sph1 & Sph2), which had been previously isolated from contaminated environments. The surfaces were prepared in a way that was compatible with the naturally occurring coating process in aquifers: deposition of colloidal particles from the aqueous phase...
April 19, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350963/gd-dots-with-strong-ligand-water-interaction-for-ultrasensitive-magnetic-resonance-renography
#19
Xiao-Yu Zheng, Kai Zhao, Jinglong Tang, Xin-Yu Wang, Lin-Dong Li, Nai-Xiu Chen, Yan-Jie Wang, Shuo Shi, Xiaodong Zhang, Sivakumar Malaisamy, Ling-Dong Sun, Xiaoying Wang, Chunying Chen, Chun-Hua Yan
Magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents with both significantly enhanced relaxivity and minimal safety risk are of great importance for sensitive clinical diagnosis, but have rarely been reported. Herein, we present a simple strategy to improve relaxivity by introducing surface ligands with strong interaction to water molecules. As a proof of concept, NaGdF4 nanoparticles (NPs) capped by poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) show superior relaxivity to those capped by polyethylenimine and polyethylene glycol, which is attributed to the strong hydrogen-bond capacity of PAA to water molecules as revealed by theoretical calculation...
March 30, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339935/nephrotoxicity-of-anticancer-treatment
#20
Jolanta Malyszko, Klaudia Kozlowska, Leszek Kozlowski, Jacek Malyszko
Severe adverse systemic drug events occur commonly as a result of treatment of cancer patients. Nephrotoxicity of chemotherapeutic agents remains a significant complication limiting the efficacy of the treatment. A variety of renal disease and electrolyte disorders can result from the drugs that are used to treat malignant disease. The kidneys are a major elimination pathway for many antineoplastic drugs and their metabolites. Tumour lysis syndrome, an emergency in haematooncology, occurs most often after the initiation of cytotoxic therapy in patients with high-grade lymphomas and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia...
October 6, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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