Read by QxMD icon Read

Ionic contrast

Ming Chen, Song Li, Guang Feng
Room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) are an emerging class of electrolytes for supercapacitors. In this work, we investigate the effects of different supercapacitor models and anion shape on the electrical double layers (EDLs) of two different RTILs: 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide ([Emim][Tf₂N]) and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium 2-(cyano)pyrrolide ([Emim][CNPyr]) by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The EDL microstructure is represented by number densities of cations and anions, and the potential drop near neutral and charged electrodes reveal that the supercapacitor model with a single electrode has the same EDL structure as the model with two opposite electrodes...
February 16, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Qi Wu, Taoxiang Sun, Xianghai Meng, Jing Chen, Chao Xu
The complexation of U(VI) with octylphenyl-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide (CMPO, denoted as L) in ionic liquid (IL) C4mimNTf2 was investigated by UV-vis absorption spectrophotometry and isothermal titration calorimetry. Spectro-photometric titration suggests that three successive complexes, UO2Lj(2+) (j = 1-3), formed both in "dry" (water content < 250 ppm) and "wet" (water content ≈ 12 500 ppm) ionic liquid. However, the thermodynamic parameters are distinctly different in the two ILs...
February 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Chadin Kulsing, Yuanzhong Yang, Jamil M Chowdhury, Reinhard I Boysen, Milton T W Hearn
This investigation demonstrates the application of a new peak sharpening technique to improve the separation of difficult-to-resolve racemic mixtures in capillary electro-chromatography. Molecularly imprinted porous layer open tubular (MIP-PLOT) capillaries, prepared by a layer-on-layer polymerization approach with Z-l-Asp-OH as the template, were selected to validate the approach. SEM revealed that the polymer film thickness can be varied by changes in both the polymer composition and the layer-on-layer regime...
February 17, 2017: Electrophoresis
Jasleen Kaur, Yoanna Tsvetkova, Karim Arroub, Sabri Sahnoun, Fabian Kiessling, Sanjay Mathur
DO3A-based macrocycles serve as attractive templates from which clinically useful theranostic agents can be obtained after coupling with molecular targeted therapeutic drugs. In this study, we describe the chemical synthesis, relaxation, and cytotoxicity studies of a new DO3A conjugate of chlorambucil (CHL) as a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) theranostic agent. A convenient route of synthesis is reported, which allowed conjugation of the macrocyclic ligand (DO3A) to the chemotherapeutic drug (CHL) via tyrosine for the preparation of an attractive chelate-drug ensemble (DO3A-TR-CHL)...
February 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
Samuel Tan, Santiago Barrera Acevedo, Ekaterina I Izgorodina
The accurate calculation of intermolecular interactions is important to our understanding of properties in large molecular systems. The high computational cost of the current "gold standard" method, coupled cluster with singles and doubles and perturbative triples (CCSD(T), limits its application to small- to medium-sized systems. Second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation (MP2) theory is a cheaper alternative for larger systems, although at the expense of its decreased accuracy, especially when treating van der Waals complexes...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Candy Löwenberg, Maria Balk, Christian Wischke, Marc Behl, Andreas Lendlein
The ability of hydrophilic chain segments in polymer networks to strongly interact with water allows the volumetric expansion of the material and formation of a hydrogel. When polymer chain segments undergo reversible hydration depending on environmental conditions, smart hydrogels can be realized, which are able to shrink/swell and thus alter their volume on demand. In contrast, implementing the capacity of hydrogels to switch their shape rather than volume demands more sophisticated chemical approaches and structural concepts...
February 15, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
Anna Christine Susa, Zijie Xia, Evan R Williams
Salts are often necessary to maintain the native structures and functions of many proteins and protein complexes, but many buffers adversely affect protein analysis by native mass spectrometry (MS). Here, protein and protein complex ions are formed directly from a 150 mM KCl and 25 mM Tris-HCl buffer at pH 7 that is widely used in protein chemistry to mimic the intracellular environment. The protein charge-state distributions are not resolved from electrospray ionization MS using 1.6 μm diameter emitter tips resulting in no mass information...
February 10, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Tiantian Li, Yan Jin, Yuanfang Huang, Baoguo Li, Chongyang Shen
Sand column experiments were conducted to examine effects of concentration of attached colloids (CAC) on their subsequent detachment upon decreasing solution ionic strength (IS). Different pore volumes of latex microparticle suspension were injected into the columns to allow different amounts of colloids to attach at ISs of 0.001, 0.01, and 0.2 M, respectively. Then deionized water was introduced to release the attached colloids. Results show that the fraction of attachments that were reversible to reduction of IS (FRA) increased with increasing CAC at a given IS if the sand were extensively treated using acids to reduce surface charge heterogeneity...
February 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Keyhan Esfandiarfard, Juri Mai, Sascha Ott
The unprecedented formation of unsymmetrical alkenes from the intermolecular reductive coupling of two different aldehydes is described. In contrast to the McMurry reaction which affords statistical product mixtures, selectivity in the reported procedure is achieved by a sequential ionic mechanism in which a first aldehyde is reacted with a phosphanylphosphonate to afford a phosphaalkene intermediate which, upon activation by hydroxide, reacts with a second aldehyde to the unsymmetrical E-alkenes. The described reaction is free of transition metals and proceeds under ambient temperature within minutes in good to excellent overall yields...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Felix A Plamper, Walter Richtering
Microgels are macromolecular networks swollen by the solvent in which they are dissolved. They are unique systems that are distinctly different from common colloids, such as, e.g., rigid nanoparticles, flexible macromolecules, micelles, or vesicles. The size of the microgel networks is in the range of several micrometers down to nanometers (then sometimes called "nanogels"). In a collapsed state, they might resemble hard colloids but they can still contain significant amounts of solvent. When swollen, they are soft and have a fuzzy surface with dangling chains...
February 10, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
Jianfeng Wang, Zhongmei Liu, Zhemin Zhou
To improve the catalysis of pullulanase from Anoxybacillus sp.WB42, Fe3O4@polydopamine nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PDA) were prepared and modified with functional groups for immobilization of pullulanases via covalent binding or ionic adsorption. Immobilized pullulanases had lower thermal stability than that of free pullulanase, whereas their catalysis depended on the surface characteristics of nanoparticles. As for covalent immobilization of pullulanases onto Fe3O4@PDA derivatives, the spacer grafted onto Fe3O4@PDA made the catalytic efficiency of pullulanase increase up to the equivalence of free enzyme but dramatically reduced the pullulanase thermostability...
February 9, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Carlos da Rocha Junior, Luciano Caseli
In this present work, the surface activity of the enzyme asparaginase was investigated at the air-water interface, presenting surface activity in high ionic strengths. Asparaginase was incorporated in Langmuir monolayers of the phospholipid dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), forming a mixed film, which was characterized with surface pressure-area isotherms, surface potential-area isotherms, polarization-modulated infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS), and Brewster angle microscopy (BAM)...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Wen Jiang, Xiang Wang, Olivia J Osborne, Yingjie Du, Chong Hyun Chang, Yu-Pei Liao, Bingbing Sun, Jinhong Jiang, Zhaoxia Ji, Ruibin Li, Xiangsheng Liu, Jianqin Lu, Sijie Lin, Huan Meng, Tian Xia, André E Nel
We have recently shown that the toxicological potential of GaAs and InAs particulates in cells is size- and dissolution-dependent, tending to be more pronounced for nano- vs micron-sized particles. Whether the size-dependent dissolution and shedding of ionic III-V materials also apply to pulmonary exposure is unclear. While it has been demonstrated that micron-sized III-V particles, such as GaAs and InAs, are capable of inducing hazardous pulmonary effects in an occupational setting as well as in animal studies, the effect of submicron particles (e...
February 8, 2017: ACS Nano
László Kékedy-Nagy, Elena E Ferapontova, Izabella Brand
Unique electronic and ligand recognition properties of the DNA double helix provide basis for DNA applications in biomolecular electronic and biosensor devices. However, the relation between the structure of DNA at electrified interfaces and its electronic properties is still not well understood. Here, potential-driven changes in the submolecular structure of DNA double helices composed of either adenine-thymine (dAdT)25 or cytosine-guanine (dGdC)20 base pairs tethered to the gold electrodes are for the first time analyzed by in situ polarization modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM IRRAS) performed under the electrochemical control...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
In-Ho Bae, Myung Ho Jeong, Ju Han Kim, Yong Hwan Park, Kyung Seob Lim, Dae Sung Park, Jae Won Shim, Jung Ha Kim, Youngkeun Ahn, Young Joon Hong, Doo Sun Sim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hyaluronic acid (HA) is highly biocompatible with cells and the extracellular matrix. In contrast to degradation products of a synthetic polymer, degradation products of HA do not acidify the local environment. The aim of this study was to fabricate an HA-coated paclitaxel (PTX)-eluting stent via simple ionic interactions and to evaluate its effects in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HA and catechol were conjugated by means of an activation agent, and then the stent was immersed in this solution (resulting in a HA-coated stent)...
January 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
Tatjana Ribbeck, Sven H Zottnick, Christoph Kerpen, Johannes Landmann, Nikolai V Ignat'ev, Klaus Müller-Buschbaum, Maik Finze
Pentafluoroethyltricyanoborate frameworks of rare-earth metal ions of the general formula [Ln{C2F5B(CN)3}3(OH2)n] (Ln = La, Eu, Ho; n = 0, 3; [Ln13(OH2)n]) were synthesized using the oxonium salt (H3O)[C2F5B(CN)3] ((H3O)1) and lanthanide chlorides LnCl3·nH2O as starting compounds. Single-crystals of ∞(3)[La{C2F5B(CN)3}3] (∞(3)[La13]) are obtained from the room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) [EMIm]1 using either a ionothermal approach or by recrystallization of anhydrous microcrystalline [La13] that is obtained from reactions in aqueous media after drying in a vacuum...
February 2, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Geoffrey S Sinclair, Tianyu Yang, Sunmeng Wang, Wei H Chen, Derek J Schipper
Treatment of diyne substrates with sulfinate salts under the action of copper(II) triflate results in a cascade cyclization reaction. The reaction involves nucleophilic addition of the sulfinate and formation of two new C-C bonds with concomitant cleavage of an aryl C-H bond. The reaction proceeds in good yields with a range of diyne precursors and sulfinate salts. Preliminary mechanistic analysis reveals a rare example of an operative ionic mechanism in contrast to other related cyclizations.
February 1, 2017: Organic Letters
Connor G Bischak, Craig L Hetherington, Hao Wu, Shaul Aloni, D Frank Ogletree, David T Limmer, Naomi S Ginsberg
The distinct physical properties of hybrid organic-inorganic materials can lead to unexpected nonequilibrium phenomena that are difficult to characterize due to the broad range of length and time scales involved. For instance, mixed halide hybrid perovskites are promising materials for optoelectronics, yet bulk measurements suggest the halides reversibly phase separate upon photoexcitation. By combining nanoscale imaging and multiscale modeling, we find that the nature of halide demixing in these materials is distinct from macroscopic phase separation...
January 30, 2017: Nano Letters
Josefine Morgenstern, Pascal Baumann, Carina Brunner, Jürgen Hubbuch
During production, purification, formulation, and storage proteins for pharmaceutical or biotechnological applications face solution conditions that are unfavorable for their stability. Such harmful conditions include extreme pH changes, high ionic strengths or elevated temperatures. The characterization of the main influencing factors promoting undesired changes of protein conformation and aggregation, as well as the manipulation and selective control of protein stabilities are crucially important to biopharmaceutical research and process development...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Aude Bouchet, Johanna Klyne, Shun-Ichi Ishiuchi, Masaaki Fujii, Otto Dopfer
Recognition properties of biologically relevant molecules depend on their conformation. Herein, the conformation of protonated glutamic acid (H(+)Glu) isolated in quadruple ion traps is characterized by vibrational spectroscopy at room and cryogenic temperatures and dispersion-corrected density functional theory calculations at the B3LYP-D3/aug-cc-pVTZ level. The infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectrum recorded in the fingerprint range at room temperature using an IR free electron laser is attributed to the two most stable and nearly isoenergetic conformations (1-cc and 2-cc) with roughly equal population (ΔG298 = 0...
January 27, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"