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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327105/association-of-physical-activity-on-body-composition-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-korean-population-from-the-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2011
#1
Gwang-Sil Kim, Eui Im, Ji-Hyuck Rhee
BACKGROUND: Data regarding associations among physical activity (PA) level, body composition, and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Asian populations are rare. METHODS: The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was utilized to estimate PA levels and analyze the association of PA level with various body composition parameters and the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases by using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2011...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320363/the-mediational-role-of-physical-activity-social-contact-and-stroke-on-the-association-between-age-education-employment-and-dementia-in-an-asian-older-adult-population
#2
Edimansyah Abdin, Siow Ann Chong, Chao Xu Peh, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Boon Yiang Chua, Swapna Verma, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Saleha Shafie, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to investigate the pathways by which socio-demographic factors, modifiable health and lifestyle risk factors influence each other, and subsequently, lead to dementia. METHODS: We used data from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly study, a nationally representative survey of the older adult population aged 60 years and above in Singapore. Dementia diagnosis was established using 10/66 dementia criteria. Structural equation modelling (SEM) without latent variable was applied to confirm the hypothesized model...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299538/decompressive-surgery-in-malignant-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-what-predicts-its-outcome
#3
Rohan Mahale, Anish Mehta, Ravi Gopal Varma, Alangar S Hegde, Purushottam T Acharya, Rangasetty Srinivasa
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is common in Asians, accounting for 15% of all strokes in the young. CVST causing malignant cerebral oedema with brain herniation and death are referred as malignant CVST. This study was aimed at evaluating the outcome of patients and factors predicting the outcome with malignant CVST after decompressive surgery. It was a retrospective, observational, single centre, hospital-based and cross-sectional study. Records of patients with malignant CVST who had decompressive surgery were analysed...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270893/association-of-whole-blood-viscosity-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-independent-association-with-post-breakfast-triglyceridemia
#4
Satomi Minato, Akiko Takenouchi, Junko Uchida, Ayaka Tsuboi, Miki Kurata, Keisuke Fukuo, Tsutomu Kazumi
BACKGROUND: Associations of whole blood viscosity (WBV) with metabolic syndrome (MS) have not been extensively studied in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Intrapersonal means of 12 measurements of waist circumference, blood pressure (BP) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and those of six measurements of fasting and post-breakfast triglycerides (TG) during 12 months were calculated in a cohort of 168 patients with type 2 diabetes. Based on these means, MS was diagnosed according to the modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria with the Asian definition of abdominal obesity...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222941/diabetes-and-lifetime-risk-of-stroke-and-subtypes-in-an-urban-middle-aged-population
#5
Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Tomonori Okamura, Nahid Rumana, Arfan Raheen Afzal, Makoto Watanabe, Aya Higashiyama, Yoko M Nakao, Michikazu Nakai, Misa Takegami, Kunihiro Nishimura, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Akira Okayama, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
AIMS: Lifetime risk (LTR) is defined as the cumulative probability of developing a disease in one's remaining lifetime from a given index age. The impact of diabetes on the LTR of stroke events in Asians, where stroke incidence is higher than for Westerners, has not been estimated yet. These estimates can be useful for diabetes knowledge translation activities. METHODS: All participants who were stroke-free at baseline in the Suita Study, a cohort study of cardiovascular diseases in Japan, were included in the study sample...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160212/phthalides-distribution-in-nature-chemical-reactivity-synthesis-and-biological-activity
#6
Alejandra León, Mayela Del-Ángel, José Luis Ávila, Guillermo Delgado
Phthalides are a relatively small group of natural compounds confined to several plant families and some genera of fungi and liverworts. They are divided into two structural groups, the monomeric and dimeric phthalides, and known mainly as bioactive constituents of different plant species used traditionally for medicinal purposes in Asia, Europe, and North America.The first reports on the chemistry of phthalides appeared at the end of the nineteenth century, in which they were identified as the odor constituents of the essential oil of celery (Apium graveolens) by Ciamician and Silber (1897)...
2017: Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154100/stroke-caused-by-atherosclerosis-of-the-major-intracranial-arteries
#7
Chirantan Banerjee, Marc I Chimowitz
Our goal in this review is to discuss the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of stroke caused by atherosclerosis of the major intracranial arteries. References for the review were identified by searching PubMed for related studies published from 1955 to June 2016 using search terms intracranial stenosis and intracranial atherosclerosis. Reference sections of published randomized clinical trials and previously published reviews were searched for additional references. Intracranial atherosclerotic disease is a highly prevalent cause of stroke that is associated with a high risk of recurrent stroke...
February 3, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110889/reliability-and-validity-of-culturally-adapted-executive-function-performance-test-for-koreans-with-stroke
#8
Hee Kim, Yu-Na Lee, Eun-Mi Jo, Eun-Young Lee
BACKGROUND: Executive Function Performance Test was unusable in Asia because of cultural differences, although evaluating the effect that executive function has on real life is essential to people with stroke. The aims of this study were to report the development and standardization of culturally appropriate Executive Function Performance Test for Koreans (EFPT-K) and to verify its reliability and validity in the stroke population. METHODS: EFPT-K was developed by going through the process of translation, back-translation, and an expert committee's conference on cultural adaptation...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088798/the-intracranial-b2leed3s-score-and-the-risk-of-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-ischemic-stroke-patients-under-antiplatelet-treatment
#9
Pierre Amarenco, Leila Sissani, Julien Labreuche, Eric Vicaut, Marie Germaine Bousser, Angel Chamorro, Marc Fisher, Ian Ford, Kim M Fox, Michael G Hennerici, Heinrich Mattle, Peter M Rothwell, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Hans-Christoph Diener, Ralph L Sacco, Jacoba P Greving, Ale Algra
BACKGROUND: Chronic antiplatelet therapy in the post-acute phase of non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke is limited by the risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) complications. METHODS: We developed an ICH risk score based on the PERFORM trial cohort (n = 19,100), which included patients with a non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, and externally validated this score in one contemporary trial of very similar size and inclusion criteria, the PRoFESS trial (n = 20,332 patients)...
January 14, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076988/ischemic-stroke-risk-in-east-asian-patients-with-cha2ds2-vasc-score-of-1-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Ying Bai, Alena Shantsila, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: The use of anticoagulation for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 has been debated, partially due to limited data on ischemic stroke risk and specific clinical trials in these patients. East Asian patients have a different stroke risk profile compared to non-East Asians. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of ischemic stroke risk in AF patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 in East Asian countries. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search for studies evaluating ischemic stroke risk related with AF with CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 was conducted by two reviewers...
February 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069909/pregnancy-increases-stroke-risk-up-to-one-year-postpartum-and-reduces-long-term-risk
#11
Chun-An Cheng, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Hung-Che Lin, Hui-Chen Lin, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Fu-Huang Lin, Chang-Huei Tsao, Yung-Fu Wu, Wu-Chien Chien, Hung-Wen Chiu
BackgroundThe incidence of stroke in pregnant women is low but trending upward. There are few studies of the topic in women of Asian ethnicity.AimWe aim to evaluate stroke risk in Asian women during and after pregnancy.DesignUsing the Taiwan National Health Insurance database (NHIRD), we designed a retrospective study that included 18-45-year-old pregnant women between the years 2000 and 2010. We selected a 1:1 age-matched control group of non-pregnant women. The endpoint was any type of stroke during pregnancy or the postpartum period; otherwise, the patients were tracked until December 31, 2010...
January 9, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067550/association-between-consumption-of-soy-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#12
Zhaoli Yan, Xinyue Zhang, Chunlin Li, Shouchun Jiao, Wenyao Dong
Background The relationships between dietary intake of soy foods and risk of cardiovascular disease are uncertain. The aims of this study were to evaluate and summarize the evidence on the association between consumption of soy and risk of cardiovascular disease (including stroke and coronary heart disease). Methods We systematically searched the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases from their inception up to 22 February 2016. We included only observational studies, and used random-effects models to calculate summary relative risks (SRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064291/anticoagulation-use-and-predictors-of-stroke-bleeding-and-mortality-in-multi-ethnic-asian-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-single-centre-experience
#13
P L Chia, X Teoh, C M Hua, M E Ching, D Foo
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in singapore. We describe a cohort of multi-ethnic Asian patients with AF, with the aim to evaluate anticoagulation use and to identify factors predictive of stroke, bleeding and all-cause mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: this was a single centre, retrospective cohort study. All patients with an admission diagnosis of AF between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2010 were identified. Of these patients, those who had follow-up data up to 31 December 2012 were included in the study...
October 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057001/improved-trends-in-cardiovascular-complications-among-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-in-korea-a-nationwide-study-2006-2013
#14
Chang Hee Jung, Jin Ook Chung, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Hyun Ko, Kyung Soo Ko, Joong-Yeol Park
BACKGROUND: Representative data on the secular trends in cardiovascular disease (CVD) are limited in Asian populations with diabetes. We aimed to estimate the temporal trends in cardiovascular complications using Korean nationwide whole population-based claims data in subjects with and without diabetes. METHODS: Type 2 diabetes was defined as a current medication history of anti-diabetic drugs and the presence of International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 codes (E11-E14) as diagnosis...
January 6, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056095/ischemic-bowel-syndrome-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-nationwide-study
#15
Chih-Wei Tseng, Cheng-Li Lin, Yu-Tso Chen, Long-Bin Jeng
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether spinal cord injuries (SCI) is associated with increased risk of ischemic bowel syndrome (IBS) in an Asian population by analyzing data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan. METHODS: Patients aged ≥20 years in the inpatient database with newly identified SCI from 2000 to 2011 were selected as the SCI cohort. For the non-SCI cohort, patients were selected based on a 1:4 risk-set sampling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028148/strokes-associated-with-pregnancy-and-puerperium-a-nationwide-study-by-the-japan-stroke-society
#16
Kazumichi Yoshida, Jun C Takahashi, Yohei Takenobu, Norihiro Suzuki, Akira Ogawa, Susumu Miyamoto
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The incidence and cause of strokes associated with pregnancy and the puerperium are still not fully understood. The aim of this study was to characterize pregnancy-related strokes in Japan using a large-scale survey with current imaging techniques. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted based on clinical chart reviews in 736 stroke teaching hospitals certified by the Japan Stroke Society between 2012 and 2013, using a web-based questionnaire requesting the detailed clinical course without any personally identifying information...
February 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025462/empagliflozin-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-asian-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-established-cardiovascular-disease%C3%A3-results-from-empa-reg-outcome-%C3%A2
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kohei Kaku, Jisoo Lee, Michaela Mattheus, Stefan Kaspers, Jyothis George, Hans-Juergen Woerle
BACKGROUND: In the EMPA-REG OUTCOME(®)trial, empagliflozin added to standard of care reduced the risk of 3-point major adverse cardiovascular (CV) events (3-point MACE: composite of CV death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, or non-fatal stroke) by 14%, CV death by 38%, hospitalization for heart failure by 35%, and all-cause mortality by 32% in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and established CV disease. We investigated the effects of empagliflozin in patients of Asian race.Methods and Results:Patients were randomized to receive empagliflozin 10 mg, empagliflozin 25 mg, or placebo...
January 25, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999380/meta-analysis-of-milk-consumption-and-the-risk-of-cognitive-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Lei Wu, Dali Sun
The association between milk intake and cognitive disorders has been investigated in several epidemiological studies, but the findings are still conflicting. No quantitative assessment has been performed to evaluate the potential relationship of milk intake and cognitive disorders. From the inception to October 2016, the PubMed and the Embase databases were searched for observational studies reporting the association of milk consumption and cognitive disorders (Alzheimer's disease, dementia, and cognitive decline/impairment)...
December 20, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988356/race-ethnicity-on-blood-pressure-control-after-ischemic-stroke-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Mai N Nguyen-Huynh, Nancy K Hills, Stephen Sidney, Jeffrey G Klingman, S Claiborne Johnston
Disparities in health care access and socioeconomic status (SES) have been associated with racial-ethnic differences in blood pressure (BP) control. We examined post-ischemic stroke BP in a multiethnic cohort with good health care access. We included all hypertensive patients (n = 2972) from a randomized quality improvement trial on secondary stroke prevention, conducted in 14 Kaiser Permanente hospitals in Northern California from 2004-2006 (QUISP). Average age 73.2 ± 12.2 years; 52% female, 66% non-Hispanic white, 14% African-American, 11% Asian, 8% Hispanic, and 1% other...
January 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960191/pathological-characteristics
#20
REVIEW
Xiang-Yan Chen, Mark Fisher
Within the intracranial vasculature, atherosclerosis occurs in two distinctive patterns: (1) in Western populations who have severe extracranial and systemic atherosclerosis, the severity of intracranial involvement is consistently less than that within extracranial arteries; and (2) in Asians, Africans, and Hispanics, who often have isolated intracranial arterial disease that is found to be more often accompanied by brain infarction than comparable extracranial atherosclerotic disease. Compared to coronary and extracranial carotid atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis has distinct pathological characteristics compared to that of extracranial arteries...
2016: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
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