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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649137/a-phenotype-classification-of-internet-use-disorder-in-a-large-scale-high-school-study
#1
Katajun Lindenberg, Katharina Halasy, Carolin Szász-Janocha, Lutz Wartberg
Internet Use Disorder (IUD) affects numerous adolescents worldwide, and (Internet) Gaming Disorder, a specific subtype of IUD, has recently been included in DSM-5 and ICD-11. Epidemiological studies have identified prevalence rates up to 5.7% among adolescents in Germany. However, little is known about the risk development during adolescence and its association to education. The aim of this study was to: (a) identify a clinically relevant latent profile in a large-scale high-school sample; (b) estimate prevalence rates of IUD for distinct age groups and (c) investigate associations to gender and education...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627597/genetic-pathways-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-in-children-investigation-of-catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt-val158met-using-different-ptsd-diagnostic-models
#2
BreAnne A Danzi, Annette M La Greca
The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism has been linked to PTSD, although findings have been inconsistent. Recently, different diagnostic criteria for PTSD have been introduced by ICD-11 and DSM-5, including separate criteria for adults and for young children (i.e., the preschool criteria). The preschool criteria may be applicable to older children as well. This study is the first to examine COMT associations with depression and PTSD, using new diagnostic models, in school-age children (7-11 years) exposed to a natural disaster...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621822/-web-based-field-studies-on-diagnostic-classification-and-code-assignment-of-mental-disorders-comparison-of-icd-11-and-icd-10
#3
Wolfgang Gaebel, Mathias Riesbeck, Jürgen Zielasek, Ariane Kerst, Eva Meisenzahl-Lechner, Volker Köllner, Matthias Rose, Tobias Hofmann, Ingo Schäfer, Annett Lotzin, Peer Briken, Verena Klein, Franziska Brunner, Jared W Keeley, Tahilia J Rebello, Howard F Andrews, Geoffrey M Reed, Nenad F I Kostanjsek, Alkomiet Hasan, Pamina Russek, Peter Falkai
The German Society for Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy (DGPPN,) conducted a comprehensive field study (principal investigator WG) funded by the German Federal Ministry of Health in cooperation with 4 other German medical societies in the field of mental health (DGPM, DGPPR, DeGFS, DGfS) * to support WHO's development of the ICD-11 (Chapters 6 and 17). The objective of the web-based field study was to compare ICD-10 and ICD-11 (beta draft) for selected mental disorders, regarding consistency, accuracy and assessment of utility...
March 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621821/-schizophrenia-and-other-primary-psychotic-disorders-in-icd-11
#4
Jürgen Zielasek, Wolfgang Gaebel
In the development of the International Classsification of Disorders (ICD-11), the World Health Organisation (WHO) has used a systematic approach with a focus on the utility of the revised classification criteria. For all major groups of mental and behavioural disorders working groups were set up, and these reviewed the scientific evidence and developed suggestions for revised classification criteria. These initial proposals, then submitted to public consultation and review, resulted in updated proposals. The chapter title for the primary psychotic disorders will be "Schizophrenia and other primary psychotic disorders"...
March 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621820/-mental-disorders-specifically-associated-with-stress-in-the-upcoming-icd-11-an-overview
#5
Mareike Augsburger, Andreas Maercker
The release of upcoming ICD-11 results in important changes to the classification of stress-related mental disorders. With the aim to improve clinical utility there is a new organizational structure for the different disorders as they are now categorized by the response to specific types of stressors. These range from reactions based on the experience of psychosocial strains (adjustment disorder), to grief reactions with a need for treatment (prolonged grief disorder) and reactions after exposure to traumatic events (posttraumatic stress disorder), also with more complex clinical picture (complex posttraumatic stress disorder)...
March 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621819/-icd-11-neurocognitive-disorders
#6
Frank Jessen, Lutz Frölich
The section 06 (Mental, Behavioural or Neurodevelopmental Disorders) of the current version Beta Draft (Mortality and Morbidity Statistics, 16.12.2017) of the ICD 11 (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems) replaces the F0-section of the ICD-10. Several changes, particularly with regard to the classification of neurodegenerative disorders have been introduced. It can be considered a progress that the concept of "organic" syndromes has been dropped and that the section focusses on acquired conditions with cognition as the main area of symptoms...
March 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621818/-a-new-approach-to-classifying-personality-disorders
#7
Sabine C Herpertz
Starting from the still valid ICD-10 classification of personality disorders, this text presents the process initiated and led by the WHO that aims at a fundamental change of conceptualizing personality disorders in ICD-11. The categorical classification of differential types based on polythetic criteria list will be replaced by a widely dimensional classification; in case the general criteria of a personality disorder are given, three severity levels and five trait domains are differentiated. In the original draft of the ICD-11 group, the trait qualifiers were meant only to be used in the expert setting and the severity levels described psychosocial impacts only...
March 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621817/-icd-11-current-state-of-revision-and-further-development
#8
Robert Jakob
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605101/the-latent-trait-of-icd-11-nicotine-dependence-criteria-dimensional-and-categorical-phenotypes
#9
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Laura H Andrade, Carla L Storr, Maria C Viana, Arthur G Andrade, Silvia S Martins
We aimed to identify phenotypes of DSM-ICD nicotine dependence among a representative sample of lifetime weekly smokers in the largest metropolitan area in South America. Data came from 1,387 lifetime weekly smokers in the São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey. We used exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and latent class analysis (LCA) on ICD-11 nicotine dependence proposed criteria to explore dimensionality and phenotypes profiles, followed by logistic regression models to examine the association between latent classes and socio-demographic, psychiatric and chronic medical conditions...
March 19, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600497/the-rendering-of-human-phenotype-and-rare-diseases-in-icd-11
#10
Christopher G Chute
ICD-11 (International Classification of Diseases, 11th Revision) is the next major revision of the ICD by the World Health Organization (WHO). ICD-11 differs dramatically from historical versions, as it is based on an underlying semantic network of terms and meaning, called the Foundation. To function as a mutually exclusive and exhaustive statistical classification, ICD-11 creates derivative linearizations from the network that is a monohierarchy with residual categories such as Not Elsewhere Classified. ICD-11 also introduces the widespread post-coordination of terms, which allows for highly expressive representation of detailed patient descriptions...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577450/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-dsm-5-and-icd-11-clinical-and-behavioral-correlates
#11
Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin, Claire Fyvie, Thanos Karatzias
The American Psychiatric Association and the World Health Organization provide distinct trauma-based diagnoses in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5), and the forthcoming 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), respectively. The DSM-5 conceptualizes posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a single, broad diagnosis, whereas the ICD-11 proposes two "sibling" disorders: PTSD and complex PTSD (CPTSD). The objectives of the current study were to: (a) compare prevalence rates of PTSD/CPTSD based on each diagnostic system; (b) identify clinical and behavioral variables that distinguish ICD-11 CPTSD and PTSD diagnoses; and (c) examine the diagnostic associations for ICD-11 CPTSD and DSM-5 PTSD...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529886/a-weak-scientific-basis-for-gaming-disorder-let-us-err-on-the-side-of-caution
#12
Antonius J van Rooij, Christopher J Ferguson, Michelle Colder Carras, Daniel Kardefelt-Winther, Jing Shi, Espen Aarseth, Anthony M Bean, Karin Helmersson Bergmark, Anne Brus, Mark Coulson, Jory Deleuze, Pravin Dullur, Elza Dunkels, Johan Edman, Malte Elson, Peter J Etchells, Anne Fiskaali, Isabela Granic, Jeroen Jansz, Faltin Karlsen, Linda K Kaye, Bonnie Kirsh, Andreas Lieberoth, Patrick Markey, Kathryn L Mills, Rune Kristian Lundedal Nielsen, Amy Orben, Arne Poulsen, Nicole Prause, Patrick Prax, Thorsten Quandt, Adriano Schimmenti, Vladan Starcevic, Gabrielle Stutman, Nigel E Turner, Jan van Looy, Andrew K Przybylski
We greatly appreciate the care and thought that is evident in the 10 commentaries that discuss our debate paper, the majority of which argued in favor of a formalized ICD-11 gaming disorder. We agree that there are some people whose play of video games is related to life problems. We believe that understanding this population and the nature and severity of the problems they experience should be a focus area for future research. However, moving from research construct to formal disorder requires a much stronger evidence base than we currently have...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526521/stressful-life-events-and-maltreatment-in-conversion-functional-neurological-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#13
Lea Ludwig, Joëlle A Pasman, Timothy Nicholson, Selma Aybek, Anthony S David, Sharon Tuck, Richard A Kanaan, Karin Roelofs, Alan Carson, Jon Stone
BACKGROUND: Stressful life events and maltreatment have traditionally been considered crucial in the development of conversion (functional neurological) disorder, but the evidence underpinning this association is not clear. We aimed to assess the association between stressors and functional neurological disorder. METHODS: We systematically reviewed controlled studies reporting stressors occurring in childhood or adulthood, such as stressful life events and maltreatment (including sexual, physical abuse, and emotional neglect) and functional neurological disorder...
March 8, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522624/-argentine-psychiatric-nosologies-and-nosographies
#14
Juan C Stagnaro
Since the late 19th century, Argentinean psychiatrists have been developing classifcations of psychiatric disorders. Their work has had local originality and fruitful exchange with international controversies on the subject. The thinking of some Argentinean psychiatrists transcended the borders of the country and was adopted in the South American region, as was the case with the classifcation proposed by José T. Borda. There were also historical anticipations of concepts that were not known in other latitudes: "oligotimia", a category created by Enrique Pichon-Rivière, preceded the characterization of early childhood autism by Leo Kanner...
May 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494782/level-of-personality-functioning-scale-brief-form-2-0-utility-in-capturing-personality-problems-in-psychiatric-outpatients-and-incarcerated-addicts
#15
Bo Bach, Joost Hutsebaut
This study examined the utility of the Level of Personality Functioning Scale-Brief Form 2.0 (LPFS-BF 2.0) in measuring features corresponding to self-other impairment of personality functioning as defined in the new general diagnostic guidelines for Personality Disorder in DSM-5 Section III and ICD-11. A mixed clinical sample (N = 228) composed of 121 psychiatric outpatients and 107 incarcerated addicts was administered the LPFS-BF 2.0, World Health Organization Wellbeing Index (WHO-5), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5), and the Schema Mode Inventory (SMI)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466803/grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
Sebastian Euler, Dominik Stöbi, Julia Sowislo, Franziska Ritzler, Christian G Huber, Undine E Lang, Johannes Wrege, Marc Walter
BACKGROUND: Little is known about narcissistic traits in borderline personality disorder (BPD). This exploratory study aimed to illustrate the associations between total, grandiose, and vulnerable narcissism and gender, diagnostic features of BPD and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), and psychopathology in BPD patients. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The Pathological Narcissism Inventory and psychometric measures for impulsivity, anger, borderline symptom severity, personality organization, depression, and rejection sensitivity were completed by 65 BPD patients...
February 21, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451956/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd-cptsd-as-per-icd-11-proposals-a-population-study-in-israel
#17
Menachem Ben-Ezra, Thanos Karatzias, Philip Hyland, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre, Jonathan I Bisson, Neil P Roberts, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster, Mark Shevlin
BACKGROUND: The current study sought to advance the existing literature by providing the first assessment of the factorial and discriminant validity of the ICD-11 proposals for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD) in a nationwide level. METHODS: A nationally representative sample from Israel (n = 1,003) using a disorder-specific measure (ITQ; International Trauma Questionnaire) in order to assess PTSD and CPTSD along with the Life Events Checklist and the World Health Organization Well-Being Index...
February 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441012/a-modified-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-test-predicts-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-better-than-executive-function-tests
#18
Matthias L Schroeter, Sarah Pawelke, Sandrine Bisenius, Jana Kynast, Katharina Schuemberg, Maryna Polyakova, Sarah Anderl-Straub, Adrian Danek, Klaus Fassbender, Holger Jahn, Frank Jessen, Johannes Kornhuber, Martin Lauer, Johannes Prudlo, Anja Schneider, Ingo Uttner, Angelika Thöne-Otto, Markus Otto, Janine Diehl-Schmid
Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is characterized by deep alterations in behavior and personality. Although revised diagnostic criteria agree for executive dysfunction as most characteristic, impairments in social cognition are also suggested. The study aimed at identifying those neuropsychological and behavioral parameters best discriminating between bvFTD and healthy controls. Eighty six patients were diagnosed with possible or probable bvFTD according to Rascovsky et al. (2011) and compared with 43 healthy age-matched controls...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426030/an-empirical-assessment-of-adjustment-disorder-as-proposed-for-icd-11-in-a-general-population-sample-of-israel
#19
Louisa Lorenz, Philip Hyland, Andreas Maercker, Menachem Ben-Ezra
BACKGROUND: A new diagnostic concept of Adjustment Disorder (AjD) was proposed for inclusion in the International Classification of Diseases, 11th version (ICD-11). However, the symptom structure of AjD is poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the dimensionality of AjD as a stress-response syndrome. METHODS: A general population sample of the Israeli population (N = 1003) completed the Adjustment Disorder - New Module 20 and the WHO-5 Wellbeing Scale...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421372/icd-11-complex-ptsd-among-israeli-male-perpetrators-of-intimate-partner-violence-construct-validity-and-risk-factors
#20
Ohad Gilbar, Philip Hyland, Marylene Cloitre, Rachel Dekel
The International Classification of Diseases 11th Version (ICD-11) will include Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (CPTSD) as a unique diagnostic entity comprising core PTSD and DSO (disturbances in self-organization) symptoms. The current study had three aims: (1) assessing the validity of CPTSD in a unique population of male perpetrators of intimate partner violence; (2) examining whether exposure to different types of traumatic events would be associated with the two proposed CPTSD factors, namely PTSD or DSO; and (3) assessing the differential association of various sociodemographic and symptom characteristics with each factor...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
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