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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531779/overweight-postmenopausal-women-with-different-plasma-estradiol-concentrations-present-with-a-similar-pattern-of-energy-expenditure-and-substrate-oxidation-rate-before-and-after-a-fatty-meal-challenge
#1
Roberta de Souza Santos, Andressa Feijó da Silva Santos, Deborah J Clegg, Odilon Iannetta, Julio Sérgio Marchini, Vivian Marques Miguel Suen
Menopause-related withdrawal of ovarian estrogens is associated with reduced energy metabolism and overall impairment of substrate oxidation. Estradiol's withdrawal after menopause is associated with a reduction in energy metabolism and impaired substrate oxidation, which contributes to weight gain and visceral fat accumulation. Here we aimed to investigate the association between plasma estradiol concentrations and energy expenditure (EE)/substrate oxidation in a group of overweight postmenopausal women before and after a fatty meal challenge...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531563/what-do-individuals-with-morbid-obesity-report-as-a-usual-dietary-intake-a-narrative-review-of-available-evidence
#2
Cathy M Harbury, Elisabeth E Verbruggen, Robin Callister, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: In several developed countries, as obesity prevalence doubles it has quadrupled for morbid obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kgm(-2)). As more individuals with morbid obesity present for weight loss treatment there is a greater need to understand their dietary habits. No reviews were found in the literature, therefore this systematic review aims to identify and describe the existing evidence on the usual dietary intake of individuals with morbid obesity including those from a general population and those seeking treatment such as weight loss surgery...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531455/effect-of-serving-size-and-addition-of-sugar-on-the-glycemic-response-elicited-by-oatmeal-a-randomized-cross-over-study
#3
Thomas M S Wolever, B Jan-Willem van Klinken, Susan E Spruill, Alexandra L Jenkins, YiFang Chu, Laura Harkness
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We aimed to determine the impact of serving size and addition of sucrose on the glycemic response elicited by oatmeal. METHODS: We studied 38 healthy subjects (mean ± SD age 40 ± 12 yr, BMI 26.4 ± 3.6 kg/m(2)) on 8 separate days using a randomized, cross-over design. Capillary blood-glucose responses over 2hr after consuming 30, 40 and 60 g Classic Quaker Quick Oats (18, 24 and 36 g available-carbohydrate [avCHO], respectively) and 30 g Oats plus 9 g sucrose (27 g avCHO) were compared with those after avCHO-matched servings of Cream of Rice cereal (Control) (22, 29, 44 and 33 g cereal, respectively)...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530263/utricular-hypofunction-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
K Jáuregui-Renaud, C Aranda-Moreno, A Herrera-Rangel
The aim of this study was to assess the function of the utricle and horizontal semicircular canals in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus receiving primary health care, with/without a history of falls. 101 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 34 to 84 years old (26 with and 75 without a history of falls) and 51 healthy volunteers (40-83 years old) accepted to participate. They denied having a history of dizziness, vertigo, unsteadiness, hearing loss or neurological disorders. None of them were seeking care due to sensory or balance decline...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529659/prognostic-factors-for-long-term-outcome-of-chronic-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-treated-with-fixation-in-situ
#5
T Terjesen, A Wensaas
PURPOSE: Predictive factors for long-term outcome after in situ fixation for chronic slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) have so far not been systematically analysed. The aims of this study were to define predictors for long-term outcome and to assess the association between initial grade of slipping and post-slip deformities. METHODS: We studied 51 patients (60 hips) with chronic SCFE treated with in situ fixation. There were 31 males and 20 females with a mean age of 12...
April 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527271/self-rated-health-multimorbidity-and-depression-in-mexican-older-adults-proposal-and-evaluation-of-a-simple-conceptual-model
#6
Eduardo Bustos-Vázquez, Julián Alfredo Fernández-Niño, Claudia Iveth Astudillo-Garcia
INTRODUCTION: Self-rated health is an individual and subjective conceptualization involving the intersection of biological, social and psychological factors. It provides an invaluable and unique evaluation of a person's general health status. OBJECTIVE: To propose and evaluate a simple conceptual model to understand self-rated health and its relationship to multimorbidity, disability and depressive symptoms in Mexican older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study based on a national representative sample of 8,874 adults of 60 years of age and older...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527161/prognostic-indicators-of-response-to-plasmapheresis-in-patients-of-guillain-barre-syndrome
#7
H B Prasad, R T Borse, A N Avate, Assistant Professor In Medicine Palasdeokar
INTRODUCTION: Plasmapheresis is an important modality for the treatment of GBS. Moreover the response to this treatment modality is not same in all cases. We therefore studied the various prognostic indicators of response to plasmapheresis in patients of Guillain Barre Syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 40 patients were included in the study. Thorough clinical examination was done. Nerve conduction was done to find out the type of neuropathy. All were then given plasmapheresis...
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526473/coronary-flow-reserve-is-reduced-in-sarcoidosis
#8
Seref Kul, Gonul Aciksari Kutlu, Tolga Sinan Guvenc, Murat Kavas, Kenan Demircioglu, Yusuf Yilmaz, Halil Ibrahim Yakar, Asiye Kanbay, Sibel Boga, Mustafa Caliskan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease with frequent cardiac involvement, albeit manifest cardiac disease is rare. Though epicardial coronary arteries are not frequently involved, microvascular disease is rather common in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. The mechanism of microvascular involvement has not been elaborated yet. The aim of this study is to investigate coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) using transthoracic echocardiography in patients with sarcoidosis but without known atherosclerotic coronary artery disease or risk factors for atherosclerosis...
May 4, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526388/serum-vitamin-d-and-change-in-lipid-levels-over-5%C3%A2-y-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#9
Kamil F Faridi, Di Zhao, Seth S Martin, Joshua R Lupton, Steven R Jones, Eliseo Guallar, Christie M Ballantyne, Pamela L Lutsey, Erin D Michos
OBJECTIVES: Deficiency of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease, perhaps mediated through dyslipidemia. Deficient 25(OH)D is cross-sectionally associated with dyslipidemia, but little is known about longitudinal lipid changes. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of 25(OH)D deficiency to longitudinal lipid changes and risk for incident dyslipidemia. METHODS: This was a longitudinal community-based study of 13 039 participants from the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) study who had 25(OH)D and lipids measured at baseline (1990-1992) and lipids remeasured in 1993 to 1994 and 1996 to 1998...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526039/influences-on-patient-satisfaction-in-healthcare-centers-a-semi-quantitative-study-over-5%C3%A2-years
#10
Ruth D Thornton, Nicole Nurse, Laura Snavely, Stacey Hackett-Zahler, Kenice Frank, Robert A DiTomasso
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of ambulatory patients' satisfaction with clinic visits help improve communication and delivery of healthcare. The goal was to examine patient satisfaction in a primary care setting, identify how selected patient and physician setting and characteristics affected satisfaction, and determine if feedback provided to medical directors over time impacted patient satisfaction. METHODS: A three-phase, semi-quantitative analysis was performed using anonymous, validated patient satisfaction surveys collected from 889 ambulatory outpatients in 6 healthcare centers over 5-years...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525566/weight-changes-since-age-20-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-middle-aged-chinese-population
#11
Yu Zhou, Yu-Jie Xuan, Lin-Sheng Yang, Erigene Rutayisire, Liang-Jian Zhang, Peng Xuan, Xing-Yong Tao, Jie Sheng, Fang-Biao Tao, Su-Fang Wang
Background: Little is known about the association between weight changes and adverse health outcomes among Chinese adults. Methods: A total of 1715 Chinese adults, 45-60 years of age, have been recruited to participate in the Hefei Nutrition and Health Study started in 2012. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the association of weight changes since age 20 (loss ≥5.0 kg; maintain [±4.9 kg]; gain 5.0-9.9 kg; gain ≥10.0 kg) with cardiovascular risk factors...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524791/sagittal-craniosynostosis-a-utility-outcomes-study
#12
Victoria Kuta, P Daniel McNeely, Simon Walling, Michael Bezuhly
OBJECTIVE Sagittal craniosynostosis results in a characteristic scaphocephalic head shape that is typically corrected surgically during a child's 1st year of life. The authors' objective was to determine the potential impact of being born with sagittal craniosynostosis by using validated health state utility assessment measures. METHODS An online utility assessment was designed to generate health utility scores for scaphocephaly, monocular blindness, and binocular blindness using standardized utility assessment tools, namely the visual analog scale (VAS) and the standard gamble (SG) and time trade-off (TTO) tests...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523719/cardiovascular-events-associated-with-second-line-anti-diabetes-treatments-analysis-of-real-world-korean-data
#13
K H Ha, B Kim, H Choi, D J Kim, H C Kim
AIM: To compare the risks of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality associated with sulfonylurea (SU), dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP4i) and thiazolidinedione (TZD) as add-on medications to metformin (MET) therapy in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We identified 40 263 individuals who used SU (n = 11 582), DPP4i (n = 26 623) or TZD (n = 2058) in addition to MET between January 2013 and June 2015 from the database of the Korean National Health Insurance, the single-payer healthcare system in South Korea...
May 19, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523569/effect-of-age-on-breast-cancer-screening-using-tomosynthesis-in-combination-with-digital-mammography
#14
Elizabeth A Rafferty, Stephen L Rose, Dave P Miller, Melissa A Durand, Emily F Conant, Debra S Copit, Sarah M Friedewald, Donna M Plecha, Ingrid L Ott, Mary K Hayes, Kara L Carlson, Thomas M Cink, Lora D Barke, Linda N Greer, Loren T Niklason
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of tomosynthesis imaging as a function of age for breast cancer screening. METHODS: Screening performance metrics from 13 institutions were examined for 12 months prior to introduction of tomosynthesis (period 1) and compared to those after introduction of tomosynthesis (period 2, range 3-22 months). Screening metrics for women ages 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and 70+ , included rates per 1000 screens for recalls, biopsies, cancers, and invasive cancers detected...
May 18, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523403/sleeve-gastrectomy-postoperative-hemorrhage-is-linked-to-type-2-diabetes-and-not-to-surgical-technique
#15
Hadar Spivak, Carmil Azran, Galia Spectre, Galina Lidermann, Orit Blumenfeld
BACKGROUND: The degree, prevalence, and risk factors linked to sleeve gastrectomy (SG) postoperative hemorrhage (POH) have not been fully defined. METHODS: An analysis was conducted on a prospectively collected database of 394 consecutive primary SGs performed in a single practice from January 2014 to December 2015. END POINTS: (1) acute POH, defined by red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and/or re-exploration; (2) subclinical POH, defined by postoperative hemoglobin drop (HgbD) >one standard deviation above mean...
May 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523265/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-erectile-dysfunction-among-married-men-in-vietnam
#16
Thang Van Vo, Hue Dinh Hoang, Nhan Phuc Thanh Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Sexuality is an essential part of life; however, erectile dysfunction (ED) has been one of the most common complaints among men with sexual health issues all over the world. ED includes dysfunction in erection and penile erectile pain. In Vietnam, ED is a subject a not readily discussed. Thus, relatively little is known about ED among Vietnamese men. AIMS: To identify the prevalence of ED and its associated variables and the need for treatment of ED among married men in Vietnam...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523257/comparative-evaluation-of-salivary-neopterin-levels-and-its-effects-to-periodontal-therapy-in-pre-and-post-menopausal-women
#17
Jammula Surya Prasanna, Chinta Sumadhura, Parupalli Karunakar, Naineni Rohini
OBJECTIVES: Neopterin is a valuable diagnostic biomarker, which is elevated in inflammatory conditions like periodontitis, that is characterized by destruction of the supporting structures of the teeth. Among the biomarkers, neopterin occurs in body fluids, and acts as a diagnostic marker for present and future disease activity. METHODS: Thirty female subjects with chronic periodontitis, mean age 50 years (40-60 years) were included in this study. Depending upon their menstrual history, subjects were categorized into two groups of fifteen each...
April 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523052/efficacy-of-brow-suspension-with-autogenous-fascia-lata-in-simple-congenital-ptosis
#18
Farhan Ali, Muhammad Saim Khan, Muhammad Sharjeel, Zaheer Ud Din, Bilal Murtaza, Asfandyar Khan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the mean change in interpalpebral fissure height and marginal reflex distance after brow suspension with autogenous fascia lata sling in patients of ptosis. METHODS: This was a Quasi experimental study conducted at Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Hospital, King Edwards Medical University Lahore, from Jan 2013 to June 2016. Included were the patients who had unilateral or bilateral ptosis with poor levator function (< 5 mm). Informed consent was obtained from all patients after explaining about the research project...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522637/general-anesthesia-versus-conscious-sedation-for-endovascular-treatment-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-the-anstroke-trial-anesthesia-during-stroke
#19
Pia Löwhagen Hendén, Alexandros Rentzos, Jan-Erik Karlsson, Lars Rosengren, Birgitta Leiram, Henrik Sundeman, Dennis Dunker, Kunigunde Schnabel, Gunnar Wikholm, Mikael Hellström, Sven-Erik Ricksten
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Retrospective studies have found that patients receiving general anesthesia for endovascular treatment in acute ischemic stroke have worse neurological outcome compared with patients receiving conscious sedation. In this prospective randomized single-center study, we investigated the impact of anesthesia technique on neurological outcome in acute ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: Ninety patients receiving endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke in 2013 to 2016 were included and randomized to general anesthesia or conscious sedation...
May 18, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522075/retrospective-analysis-of-proximal-humeral-fracture-dislocations-managed-with-locked-plates
#20
Vivek Trikha, Vivek Singh, Buddhadeb Choudhury, Saubhik Das
BACKGROUND: Fracture-dislocation is the extreme variant of injury to the proximal humerus that occurs more commonly in young adults as a result of high-velocity trauma. We evaluated the functional and radiologic outcome of fixation of proximal humeral fracture-dislocations with locked plates. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 33 proximal humeral fracture-dislocations in 29 patients with a mean age of 35 years (range, 19-60 years) treated by open reduction and internal fixation with locked plates between January 2009 and December 2013...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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