keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Indigenous

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735305/molecular-study-of-indigenous-bacterial-community-composition-on-exposure-to-soil-arsenic-concentration-gradient
#1
Semanti Basu, Tanima Paul, Priya Yadav, Abhijit Debnath, Keka Sarkar
Community structure of bacteria present in arsenic contaminated agricultural soil was studied with qPCR (quantitative PCR) and DGGE (Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis) as an indicator of extreme stresses. Copy number of six common bacterial taxa (Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, α-, β- and γ-Proteobacteria, Firmicutes) was calculated using group specific primers of 16S rDNA. It revealed that soil contaminated with low concentration of arsenic was dominated by both Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria but a shift towards Proteobacteria was observed with increasing arsenic concentration, and number of Actinobacteria eventually decreases...
July 6, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734906/results-from-15years-of-quality-surveillance-for-a-national-indigenous-point-of-care-testing-program-for-diabetes
#2
Mark Shephard, Anne Shephard, Bridgit McAteer, Tamika Regnier, Kristina Barancek
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is a major health problem for Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Point-of-care testing for haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) has been the cornerstone of a long-standing program (QAAMS) to manage glycaemic control in Indigenous people with diabetes and recently, to diagnose diabetes. METHODS: The QAAMS quality management framework includes monthly testing of quality control (QC) and external quality assurance (EQA) samples. Key performance indicators of quality include imprecision (coefficient of variation [CV%]) and percentage acceptable results...
July 19, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733192/pharmacological-evaluation-of-phytochemicals-from-south-indian-black-turmeric-curcuma-caesia-roxb-to-target-cancer-apoptosis
#3
K S Mukunthan, R S Satyan, T N Patel
Curcuma caesia Roxb. (Black turmeric), a perennial herb of the family Zingiberaceae is indigenous to India. C. caesia is used as a spice, food preservative and coloring agent commonly in the Indian subcontinent. Functional parametric pharmacological evaluations like drug ability and toxicity profile of this endangered species is poorly documented. In our present study, among all the extracts of dried C. caesia rhizome viz- hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol and water tested for free radical scavenging capacity by total antioxidant activity (TAO) method, Hexane Rhizome Extract (HRE) wzs found to possess remarkable activity (1200mg ascorbic acid equivalent/100g)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733191/ethnomedicobotanical-study-of-indigenous-knowledge-on-medicinal-plants-used-for-the-treatment-of-reproductive-problems-in-nalbari-district-assam-india
#4
Simi Talukdar, Partha Pradip Adhikari, Ananta Borah
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Reproductive problems are evolving as most predominant health care problems in many countries, furthermore, WHO, 2012 exemplified maternal illnesses, birth asphyxia and post birth difficulties, are rising at an alarming rate.Not all abnormalities of the human reproductive system have the same origin; the effects on reproductive problems would likely be affected by both male and female. For easy accessibility and affordability medicinal plants play a key role in primary healthcare care services in India and their use is an integral part of the cultural heritage...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732117/identification-by-phenotypic-and-genetic-approaches-of-an-indigenous-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-wine-strain-with-high-desiccation-tolerance
#5
Marianna Zambuto, Rossana Romaniello, Nicoletta Guaragnella, Patrizia Romano, Sonia Votta, Angela Capece
During active dry yeast (ADY) production process, cells are exposed to multiple stresses, such as thermal, oxidative and hyperosmotic shock. Previously, by analyzing cells in exponential growth phase, we selected an indigenous Saccharomyces cerevisiae wine strain, namely CD-6Sc, for its higher tolerance to desiccation and higher expression of specific desiccation stress-related genes in comparison to other yeast strains. In this study, we performed a desiccation treatment on stationary phase cells by comparing the efficacy of two different methods: a "laboratory dry test" in a small-scale (mild stress) and a treatment by spray-drying (severe stress), one of the most appropriate preservation method for yeasts and other micro-organisms...
July 21, 2017: Yeast
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732086/risk-of-stomach-cancer-in-aotearoa-new-zealand-a-m%C3%A4-ori-population-based-case-control-study
#6
Lis Ellison-Loschmann, Andrew Sporle, Marine Corbin, Soo Cheng, Pauline Harawira, Michelle Gray, Tracey Whaanga, Parry Guilford, Jonathan Koea, Neil Pearce
Māori, the indigenous people of New Zealand, experience disproportionate rates of stomach cancer, compared to non-Māori. The overall aim of the study was to better understand the reasons for the considerable excess of stomach cancer in Māori and to identify priorities for prevention. Māori stomach cancer cases from the New Zealand Cancer Registry between 1 February 2009 and 31 October 2013 and Māori controls, randomly selected from the New Zealand electoral roll were matched by 5-year age bands to cases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731455/corrigendum-cassava-foliage-affects-the-microbial-diversity-of-chinese-indigenous-geese-caecum-using-16s-rrna-sequencing
#7
Mao Li, Hanlin Zhou, Xiangyu Pan, Tieshan Xu, Zhenwen Zhang, Xuejuan Zi, Yu Jiang
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/srep45697.
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731216/indigenous-food-ingredients-for-complementary-food-formulations-to-combat-infant-malnutrition-in-benin-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Flora J Chadare, Yann E Madode, Nadia Fanou-Fogny, Janvier M Kindossi, Juvencio O Ayosso, Hermann S Honfo, Polycarpe Kayode, Anita R Linnemann, Joseph D Hounhouigan
This paper reviews indigenous Beninese food resources as potential ingredients for complementary infant foods with the aim to develop affordable formulations for low-income households in each agro-ecological zone of the country. Potential ingredients were selected on their documented nutritional value. The selected foods encompass 347 food resources, namely 297 plant products from home gardens or collected from natural vegetation and 50 animals, either domesticated or from the wild. The compiled data reveal that the distribution of the available food resources was unbalanced between agro-ecological zones...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730542/physically-demanding-labor-and-health-among-indigenous-women-in-the-ecuadorian-highlands
#9
William F Waters, Jessica Ehlers, Fernando Ortega, Anne Sebert Kuhlmann
Physically demanding work carried out during long workdays affects women's health. In rural and agrarian societies, women perform a variety of domestic and productive tasks, often from dawn to dusk, with little or no leisure time. This paper presents the results of a survey of indigenous women in six rural communities in the Ecuadorian highlands. It was conducted to measure the amount of time women spend on physically demanding work in the context of food security, parity outcomes, and access to prenatal health care...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730403/functional-characterization-of-potential-probiotic-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-kalarei-and-development-of-probiotic-fermented-oat-flour
#10
Mahak Gupta, Bijender Kumar Bajaj
Considerable variations among probiotics with respect to their health benefitting attributes fuel the research on bioprospecting of proficient probiotic strains from various ecological niches especially the poorly unexplored ones. In the current study, kalarei, an indigenous cheese-like fermented milk product, and other dairy-based sources like curd and raw milk were used for isolation of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Among 34 LAB isolates, 7 that could withstand simulated gastrointestinal (GI) conditions were characterized for functional probiotic attributes, viz...
July 20, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729667/effect-of-inoculation-of-burkholderia-sp-strain-sj98-on-bacterial-community-dynamics-and-para-nitrophenol-3-methyl-4-nitrophenol-and-2-chloro-4-nitrophenol-degradation-in-soil
#11
Jun Min, Bin Wang, Xiaoke Hu
para-Nitrophenol (PNP), 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol (3M4NP), and 2-chloro-4-nitrophenol (2C4NP) are highly toxic compounds that have caused serious environmental issues. We inoculated an artificially contaminated soil with Burkholderia sp. strain SJ98, which has the ability to degrade PNP, 3M4NP, and 2C4NP, and quantified bioremediation. There was accelerated degradation of all nitrophenols in inoculated treatments compared to the un-inoculated treatments. The indigenous bacteria were able to degrade PNP, but not 3M4NP or 2C4NP...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729237/development-and-use-of-health-related-technologies-in-indigenous-communities-critical-review
#12
Louise Jones, Kristen Jacklin, Megan E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Older Indigenous adults encounter multiple challenges as their age intersects with health inequities. Research suggests that a majority of older Indigenous adults prefer to age in place, and they will need culturally safe assistive technologies to do so. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this critical review was to examine literature concerning use, adaptation, and development of assistive technologies for health purposes by Indigenous peoples. METHODS: Working within Indigenous research methodologies and from a decolonizing approach, searches of peer-reviewed academic and gray literature dated to February 2016 were conducted using keywords related to assistive technology and Indigenous peoples...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728408/evaluation-of-trace-mineral-source-and-preharvest-deletion-of-trace-minerals-from-finishing-diets-on-tissue-mineral-status-in-pigs
#13
Y L Ma, Merlin D Lindemann, Sharon F Webb, Gregg Rentfrow
Objective: An experiment was conducted to evaluate dietary supplemental trace mineral source and deletion on mineral content in tissues. Methods: Weanling crossbred pigs [n = 144; 72 barrows and 72 gilts; body weight (BW) = 7.4 ± 1.05 kg] were used. A basal diet was prepared, and trace mineral premix containing either inorganic (ITM) or organic (OTM) trace minerals (Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn) was added to the basal diet. Pigs were blocked by sex and BW and randomly allotted to 24 pens for a total of 6 pigs per pen, and fed a diet containing either ITM or OTM supplemented at the 1998 NRC requirement estimates for each of 5 BW phases (Phase I to V) from 7 to 120 kg...
July 6, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727811/factors-limiting-sulfolane-biodegradation-in-contaminated-subarctic-aquifer-substrate
#14
Christopher P Kasanke, Mary Beth Leigh
Sulfolane, a water-soluble organosulfur compound, is used industrially worldwide and is associated with one of the largest contaminated groundwater plumes in the state of Alaska. Despite being widely used, little is understood about the degradation of sulfolane in the environment, especially in cold regions. We conducted aerobic and anaerobic microcosm studies to assess the biological and abiotic sulfolane degradation potential of contaminated subarctic aquifer groundwater and sediment from Interior Alaska...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727733/a-new-methodology-for-sampling-blackflies-for-the-entomological-surveillance-of-onchocerciasis-in-brazil
#15
Érika S do Nascimento-Carvalho, Raquel de Andrade Cesário, Vladimir Fazito do Vale, Arion Tulio Aranda, Ana Carolina Dos Santos Valente, Marilza Maia-Herzog
The effectiveness of the MosqTent® trap was evaluated in endemic area to onchocerciasis in Brazil. This study seeks to provide subsidies for the monitoring of the onchocerciasis transmission in the country. The study was carried out at the Homoxi and Thirei villages, located in the Yanomami Indigenous Land, in the state of Roraima. This area presents hyperendemicity, high blackflies densities, large population migrations and mining activities. The Homoxi and Thirei villages are assisted by the Brazilian Ministry of Health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727726/a-cross-sectional-seroepidemiological-survey-of-typhoid-fever-in-fiji
#16
Conall H Watson, Stephen Baker, Colleen L Lau, Kitione Rawalai, Mere Taufa, Jerimaia Coriakula, Nga Tran Vu Thieu, Tan Trinh Van, Dung Tran Thi Ngoc, Niel Hens, John Lowry, Ruklanthi de Alwis, Jorge Cano, Kylie Jenkins, E Kim Mulholland, Eric J Nilles, Mike Kama, W John Edmunds
Fiji, an upper-middle income state in the Pacific Ocean, has experienced an increase in confirmed case notifications of enteric fever caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi). To characterize the epidemiology of typhoid exposure, we conducted a cross-sectional sero-epidemiological survey measuring IgG against the Vi antigen of S. Typhi to estimate the effect of age, ethnicity, and other variables on seroprevalence. Epidemiologically relevant cut-off titres were established using a mixed model analysis of data from recovering culture-confirmed typhoid cases...
July 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727210/thermal-affinity-as-the-dominant-factor-changing-mediterranean-fish-abundances
#17
Or Givan, Dor Edelist, Oren Sonin, Jonathan Belmaker
Recent decades have seen profound changes in species abundance and community composition. In the marine environment, the major anthropogenic drivers of change comprise exploitation, invasion by non-indigenous species, and climate change. However, the magnitude of these stressors has been widely debated and we lack empirical estimates of their relative importance. In this study, we focused on Eastern Mediterranean, a region exposed to an invasion of species of Red Sea origin, extreme climate change, and high fishing pressure...
July 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726295/antioxidant-defense-and-oxidative-damage-vary-widely-among-high-altitude-residents
#18
Allison J Janocha, Suzy A A Comhair, Buddha Basnyat, Maniraj Neupane, Amha Gebremedhin, Anam Khan, Kristin S Ricci, Renliang Zhang, Serpil C Erzurum, Cynthia M Beall
OBJECTIVES: People living at high altitude experience unavoidable low oxygen levels (hypoxia). While acute hypoxia causes an increase in oxidative stress and damage despite higher antioxidant activity, the consequences of chronic hypoxia are poorly understood. The aim of the present study is to assess antioxidant activity and oxidative damage in high-altitude natives and upward migrants. METHODS: Individuals from two indigenous high-altitude populations (Amhara, n = 39), (Sherpa, n = 34), one multigenerational high-altitude population (Oromo, n = 42), one upward migrant population (Nepali, n = 12), and two low-altitude reference populations (Amhara, n = 29; Oromo, n = 18) provided plasma for measurement of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity as a marker of antioxidant capacity, and urine for measurement of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) as a marker of DNA oxidative damage...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725990/molecular-characterization-of-the-indigenous-stingless-bees-tetragonula-spp-complex-using-issr-marker-from-southern-peninsular-india
#19
P P Nayak, J Prakash
India is a country bestowed enormously with stingless bees, but genetic information about them is extremely minimal. This study focused to tap the geographic allocation, genetic variability, and differentiation among Tetragonula species complexes from natural and semi-urban habitats. Genetic analyses were assessed among 36 contrasting genotypes utilizing 20 ISSR primers. The dual combination exquisitely and productively amplified 245 DNA fragments at the loci, of which 240 bands were polymorphic (97.95%). Low to moderate level of genetic differentiation was detected from different estimators (Ht 0...
July 19, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725623/isolation-and-characterization-of-antimicrobial-compound-from-the-stem-bark-of-the-traditionally-used-medicinal-plant-adenium-obesum
#20
Mohammed Sohail Akhtar, Mohammad Amzad Hossain, Sadri Abdullah Said
BACKGROUND: Medicinal plants constitute a natural reservoir for medicines worldwide. They serve mainstream therapeutics and are central in folklore medicine. In case of Adenium obesum (Lav, Apocynaceae), indigenous people of Oman use it for the treatment of venereal diseases, wounds, skin diseases, headaches, muscle pain as well as joint pain; yet, the active ingredients have not been classified. To screened the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of an identified compound that we isolated from the highest active chloroform extract...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
keyword
keyword
9469
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"