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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165893/high-rates-of-hospitalised-burn-injury-in-indigenous-children-living-in-remote-areas-a-population-data-linkage-study
#1
Holger Möller, Kathleen Falster, Rebecca Ivers, Kathleen Clapham, Lara Harvey, Louisa Jorm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165146/association-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-severity-and-ego-structure-of-the-nanai-people
#2
Yoko Ota, Natalia Korshunova, Masashi Demura, Midori Katsuyama, Hironobu Katsuyama, Sri Ratna Rahayu, Kiyofumi Saijoh
BACKGROUND: A man-made chemical disaster occurred in the Amur River, leading to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the Nanai people indigenous to the river's surrounding area. PTSD severity measured by the total scores of Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) (Total-I) and Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) (Total-C) were not always identical in terms of demographic and ethnocultural characters. It is possible that the results derived using the Total-I and Total-C may differ for persons with different backgrounds and/or individual characteristics...
July 10, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164291/bacterial-diversity-in-traditional-doogh-in-comparison-to-industrial-doogh
#3
Hamid Reza Sayevand, Farzaneh Bakhtiary, Angelika Pointner, Marlene Remely, Berit Hippe, Hedayat Hosseini, Alexander Haslberger
Forty-four samples of traditional Doogh and yoghurt were collected from 13 regions of 4 provinces in west of Iran (13 area) and analyzed using molecular methods including PCR, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of 16S rDNA, and sequencing. Moreover, collected samples as well as samples from industrially Doogh were analyzed with quantitative real-time PCR (RT-PCR). Analyzed 16S rRNA gene sequences of Doogh samples could be allocated to the presence of Lactobacillus spp. The typical yoghurt starter culture bacteria included four different Lactobacillus species with possible probiotic properties, L...
November 21, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164152/foot-complications-in-a-representative-australian-inpatient-population
#4
Peter A Lazzarini, Sheree E Hurn, Suzanne S Kuys, Maarten C Kamp, Vanessa Ng, Courtney Thomas, Scott Jen, Jude Wills, Ewan M Kinnear, Michael C d'Emden, Lloyd F Reed
We investigated the prevalence and factors independently associated with foot complications in a representative inpatient population (adults admitted for any reason with and without diabetes). We analysed data from the Foot disease in inpatients study, a sample of 733 representative inpatients. Previous amputation, previous foot ulceration, peripheral arterial disease (PAD), peripheral neuropathy (PN), and foot deformity were the foot complications assessed. Sociodemographic, medical, and foot treatment history were collected...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164137/urban-livestock-keeping-in-the-city-of-nairobi-diversity-of-production-systems-supply-chains-and-their-disease-management-and-risks
#5
Pablo Alarcon, Eric M Fèvre, Patrick Muinde, Maurice K Murungi, Stella Kiambi, James Akoko, Jonathan Rushton
Urban livestock keeping in developing cities have an important role in food security and livelihoods but can also pose a significant threat to the environment and health of urban dwellers. The aim of this study was to identify the different livestock systems in Nairobi, their supply chains, and their management and food safety risks. Seven focus group discussions with livestock production officers in charge of each major Nairobi sub-county were conducted. Data were collected on the type of systems existing for each livestock species and their supply chains, disease management, food safety risks, and general husbandry and gender factors...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164080/the-incidence-and-short-term-outcomes-of-acute-respiratory-illness-with-cough-in-children-from-a-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-urban-community-in-australia-a-community-based-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Kerry K Hall, Anne B Chang, Jennie Anderson, Daniel Arnold, Vikas Goyal, Melissa Dunbar, Michael Otim, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
Background: Acute respiratory illnesses with cough (ARIwC) are predominant causes of morbidity in Australian Indigenous children; however, data on disease burden in urban communities are scarce. This study aimed to determine the incidence of ARIwC, the predictors of recurrent (≥4 episodes) ARIwC, and development of chronic cough following an ARIwC in urban, predominantly Indigenous, children aged <5 years from northern Brisbane, Australia. Methods: Prospective cohort study of children aged <5 years registered with a primary healthcare center...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163434/neglected-australian-arboviruses-and-undifferentiated-febrile-illness-addressing-public-health-challenges-arising-from-the-developing-northern-australia-government-policy
#7
Narayan Gyawali, Richard S Bradbury, John G Aaskov, Andrew W Taylor-Robinson
The Australian Government is currently promoting the development of Northern Australia, with an associated increase in the local population. Consequent to this is the public health threat posed by heightened human exposure to many previously neglected arboviruses that are indigenous to the region. This initiative to support economic activity in the tropical north of the continent is leading to the accelerated expansion of an infection-naïve human population into hitherto un-encountered ecosystems inhabited by reservoir animals and vectors for these arboviruses...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163376/complete-genome-sequence-analysis-of-enterobacter-sp-sa187-a-plant-multi-stress-tolerance-promoting-endophytic-bacterium
#8
Cristina Andrés-Barrao, Feras F Lafi, Intikhab Alam, Axel de Zélicourt, Abdul A Eida, Ameerah Bokhari, Hanin Alzubaidy, Vladimir B Bajic, Heribert Hirt, Maged M Saad
Enterobacter sp. SA187 is an endophytic bacterium that has been isolated from root nodules of the indigenous desert plant Indigofera argentea. SA187 could survive in the rhizosphere as well as in association with different plant species, and was able to provide abiotic stress tolerance to Arabidopsis thaliana. The genome sequence of SA187 was obtained by using Pacific BioScience (PacBio) single-molecule sequencing technology, with average coverage of 275X. The genome of SA187 consists of one single 4,429,597 bp chromosome, with an average 56% GC content and 4,347 predicted protein coding DNA sequences (CDS), 153 ncRNA, 7 rRNA, and 84 tRNA...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161603/-37-cl-compound-specific-isotope-analysis-and-assessment-of-functional-genes-for-monitoring-monochlorobenzene-mcb-biodegradation-under-aerobic-conditions
#9
Massimo Marchesi, Luca Alberti, Orfan Shouakar-Stash, Ilaria Pietrini, Francesca de Ferra, Giovanna Carpani, Ramon Aravena, Andrea Franzetti, Tatiana Stella
A laboratory approach was adopted in this study to explore the potential of (37)Cl-CSIA in combination with (13)C-CSIA and Biological Molecular Tools (BMTs) to estimate the occurrence of monochloroenzene (MCB) aerobic biodegradation. A new analytical method for (37)Cl-CSIA of MCB was developed in this study. This methodology using a GC-IRMS allowed to determine δ(37)Cl values within an internal error of ±0.3‰. Samples from a heavily MCB contaminated site were collected and MCB aerobic biodegradation microcosms with indigenous cultures in natural and enhanced conditions were set up...
November 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161492/bionomics-of-anopheles-nyssorhynchus-albimanus-diptera-culicidae-in-two-villages-of-the-way%C3%A3%C2%BAu-people-riohacha-la-guajira-colombia
#10
Airleth Sofía Díaz, Aura Isabel Sotelo, Catalina González-Uribe, Helena L Brochero
INTRODUCTION: Riohacha, capital of the department of La Guajira, reports the highest rates for malaria in the department, and the most vulnerable people are those of the Wayúu indigenous group. OBJECTIVE: To describe some aspects of the bionomics of the Anopheles species in two Wayúu settlements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two sampling events were carried out during dry and rainy seasons in Marbacella and El Horno (Riohacha, La Guajira). Immature stages of Anopheles spp...
March 29, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161479/-laboratory-susceptibility-tests-of-aedes-aegypti-and-culex-quinquefasciatus-larvae-to-the-entomopathogenic-nematode-heterorhabditis-bacteriophora
#11
Carolina Ulvedal, Marìa Alejandra Bertolotti, Susana Raquel Cagnolo, Walter Ricardo Almirón
INTRODUCTION: Aedes aegypti is the vector of dengue, yellow fever, Zika and Chikungunya viruses, and Culex quinquefasciatus is the vector of St. Louis and West Nile encephalitis viruses. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate infectivity of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora N4 in C. quinquefasciatus and A. aegypti larvae under laboratory conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty second-instar larvae of the two mosquito species were exposed each to different doses (0:1, 1:1, 5:1, 15:1, 100:1, 500:1, 750:1 and 1,500:1) of nematode infective juveniles...
March 29, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161456/integrated-care-with-indigenous-populations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
Melissa E Lewis, Laurelle L Myhra
INTRODUCTION: The integration of behavioral health into medical care is related to positive results including improved patient health outcomes, provider satisfaction, and cost-offset. Indigenous people suffer from the highest health disparities in the nation and disproportionately experience barriers to health care; yet it is unknown if integrated care is effective for this population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was completed on the state of integrated care at Indigenous-serving health care sites in 2014 and was updated in 2016...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159543/endosulfan-is-toxic-to-the-reproductive-health-of-male-freshwater-fish-cyprinion-watsoni
#13
Fakhar Ul Islam, Samina Jalali, Mustafa Nawaz Shafqat, Syed Tahir Abbas Shah
Endosulfan is an organochlorine pesticide that is toxic to aquatic life. Endosulfan might hamper the reproductive health of indigenous fish in agricultural areas of Pakistan where this pesticide is sprayed widely. The aim of the current study is to investigate the toxic effects of endosulfan on selected reproductive parameters of male freshwater fish, Cyprinion watsoni. Two concentrations of endosulfan (0.5 and 1 ppb for 30 days exposure) were tested for their effects on body weight, body length, and testicular weight, length, and width...
November 20, 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158624/plant-growth-under-water-salt-stress-ros-production-antioxidants-and-significance-of-added-potassium-under-such-conditions
#14
Mohammad Abass Ahanger, Nisha Singh Tomar, Megha Tittal, Surendra Argal, R M Agarwal
Plants are confronted with a variety of environmenmtal stresses resulting in enhanced production of ROS. Plants require a threshold level of ROS for vital functions and any change in their concentration alters the entire physiology of plant. Delicate balance of ROS is maintained by an efficient functioning of intriguing indigenous defence system called antioxidant system comprising enzymatic and non enzymatic components. Down regulation of antioxidant system leads to ROS induced oxidative stress causing damage to important cellular structures and hence anomalies in metabolism...
October 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157830/ethnobotanical-survey-of-medicinal-plants-in-northeastern-of-algeria
#15
REVIEW
Asma Bouasla, Ihcène Bouasla
BACKGROUND: In order to document medicinal uses of plants in the northeastern of Algeria, preserve traditional heritage and highlighted the risks of excessive human exploitation on flora and biodiversity of the region, an inventory of medicinal species existed in the traditional pharmacopoeia in Skikda region (north-east of Algeria) was made. The survey was carried out during the year (2015-2016), through face to face interviews, using pre-prepared questionnaire. The form contains: sociodemorgaphic profile of each respondent (sex, age, educational level and monthly income), local name of medicinal species used, uses, used parts and methods of preparations...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157286/farmers-perception-of-termites-in-agriculture-production-and-their-indigenous-utilization-in-northwest-benin
#16
Laura Estelle Yêyinou Loko, Azize Orobiyi, Paterne Agre, Alexandre Dansi, Manuele Tamò, Yves Roisin
BACKGROUND: Although termites are considered as agricultural pests, they play an important role in maintaining the ecosystem. Therefore, it matters to investigate the farmers' perception of the impacts of the termites on the agriculture and their indigenous utilization. METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire was used to interview 94 farmers through 10 villages of Atacora department, in the northwestern region of Benin, to obtain information for the development of successful strategies of termite management and conservation...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155900/correction-a-massive-update-of-non-indigenous-species-records-in-mediterranean-marinas
#17
Aylin Ulman, Jasmine Ferrario, Anna Occhpinti-Ambrogi, Christos Arvanitidis, Ada Bandi, Marco Bertolino, Cesare Bogi, Giorgos Chatzigeorgiou, Burak Ali Çiçek, Alan Deidun, Alfonso Ramos-Esplá, Cengiz Koçak, Maurizio Lorenti, Gemma Martinez-Laiz, Guenda Merlo, Elisa Princisgh, Giovanni Scribano, Agnese Marchini
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.7717/peerj.3954.].
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155274/polysaccharides-from-the-south-african-medicinal-plant-artemisia-afra-structure-and-activity-studies
#18
Paula Marie Braünlich, Kari Tvete Inngjerdingen, Marit Inngjerdingen, Quinton Johnson, Berit Smestad Paulsen, Wilfred Mabusela
Artemisia afra (Jacq. Ex. Willd), is an indigenous plant in South Africa and other parts of the African continent, where it is used as traditional medicine mostly for respiratory conditions. The objective of this study was to investigate the structural features of the polysaccharides from the leaves of this plant, as well as the biological activities of the polysaccharide fractions against the complement assay. Leaves of Artemisia afra were extracted sequentially with organic solvents (dichloromethane and methanol), 50% aqueous ethanol, and water at 50 and 100°C respectively...
November 15, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154395/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-after-release-from-prison-in-australia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Simon J Forsyth, Megan Carroll, Nicholas Lennox, Stuart A Kinner
AIMS: To estimate the incidence and identify risk factors for mortality in adults released from prisons in the state of Queensland, Australia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, linking baseline survey data with a national death register. SETTING: Selected prisons within Queensland, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (N=1320) recruited in Queensland prisons within 6 weeks of expected release, between August 2008 and July 2010, followed for up to 4...
November 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152312/a-4-year-study-of-the-proportional-distribution-of-male-reproductive-organ-abnormalities-in-cattle-slaughtered-at-nyagatare-abattoir-eastern-rwanda
#20
Erick Kandiwa, Leoncie Nyirakunzimana, Gervais Habarugira, Borden Mushonga, Alaster Samkange
Male reproductive performance has more impact on overall herd productivity than in the female. In order to assess herd productivity in cattle in Nyagatare, Eastern Rwanda, the proportional distribution of male reproductive organ abnormalities was investigated in 3087 bulls slaughtered over a 4-year period. The aim of the study was to investigate the proportional distribution of male reproductive organ abnormalities in exotic and indigenous bulls slaughtered over a 4-year period at Nyagatare abattoir in Eastern Rwanda...
November 2017: Veterinary Medicine and Science
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