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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333606/genetic-relationships-among-vietnamese-local-pigs-investigated-using-genome-wide-snp-markers
#1
S Ishihara, A Arakawa, M Taniguchi, Q M Luu, D L Pham, B V Nguyen, S Mikawa, K Kikuchi
Vietnam is one of the most important countries for pig domestication, and a total of 26 local breeds have been reported. In the present study, genetic relationships among the various pig breeds were investigated using 90 samples collected from local pigs (15 breeds) in 15 distantly separated, distinct areas of the country and six samples from Landrace pigs in Hanoi as an out-group of a common Western breed. All samples were genotyped using the Illumina Porcine SNP60 v2 Genotyping BeadChip. We used 15 160-15 217 SNPs that showed a high degree of polymorphism in the Vietnamese breeds for identifying genetic relationships among the Vietnamese breeds...
January 15, 2018: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333571/diurnal-variations-in-personal-care-products-in-seawater-and-mussels-at-three-mediterranean-coastal-sites
#2
Marina Picot-Groz, Hélène Fenet, Maria Jesus Martinez Bueno, David Rosain, Elena Gomez
The presence of personal care products (PCPs) in the marine environment is of major concern. PCPs, UV filters, and musks can enter the marine environment indirectly through wastewater or directly via recreational activities. We conducted this study to document patterns in the occurrence of seven PCPs at three coastal sites impacted by recreational activities during 1 day. The study focused on diurnal variations in these seven PCPs in seawater and indigenous mussels. In seawater, UV filters showed diurnal variations that mirrored variations in recreational activities at the sites...
January 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332655/research-on-tuberculosis-in-tribal-areas-in-india-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
V G Rao, M Muniyandi, J Bhat, R Yadav, R Sharma
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem in resource-poor countries including India. Scientific knowledge is used to guide policy and practice. There is however, a limited, systematically collected data required for guiding the scale-up of interventions particularly amongst vulnerable populations including tribal groups in the country. In view of this, a systematic review of the TB research studies carried out in tribal areas of different parts of the country was undertaken...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332278/exposure-to-nanoscale-and-microscale-particulate-air-pollution-prior-to-mining-development-near-a-northern-indigenous-community-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada
#4
Avik J Ghoshdastidar, Zhenzhong Hu, Yevgen Nazarenko, Parisa A Ariya
This study serves as a baseline characterization of indoor and outdoor air quality in a remote northern indigenous community prior to the start of a major nearby mining operation, including measurements of nanoparticles, which has never been performed in this context before. We performed aerosol sample collection and real-time aerosol measurements at six different locations at the Cree First Nation of Waswanipi and the Montviel campsite, located 45 km west of the Cree First Nation of Waswanipi, in the south of the Nord-du-Québec region...
January 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330442/competition-among-the-attentional-networks-due-to-resource-reduction-in-tibetan-indigenous-residents-evidence-from-event-related-potentials
#5
Delong Zhang, Xinjuan Zhang, Hailin Ma, Yan Wang, Huifang Ma, Ming Liu
This study used the attention network test (ANT) to evaluate the alerting, orienting, and executive network efficiencies of attention related to indigenous residents who were born and raised until early adulthood in different high-altitude areas (2900-m, 3700-m, and 4200-m) at the same location (3700-m) where these residents had been living for approximately 2 years in Tibet. We further applied the event-related potential (ERP) method to identify the underlying neurophysiological basis. Based on the ANT, we found that, in the 4200-m residents, executive function was increased but the orienting function was decreased, and the executive and orienting network scores were oppositely correlated...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329319/comparative-analysis-of-uranium-bioassociation-with-halophilic-bacteria-and-archaea
#6
Miriam Bader, Katharina Müller, Harald Foerstendorf, Matthias Schmidt, Karen Simmons, Juliet S Swanson, Donald T Reed, Thorsten Stumpf, Andrea Cherkouk
Rock salt represents a potential host rock formation for the final disposal of radioactive waste. The interactions between indigenous microorganisms and radionuclides, e.g. uranium, need to be investigated to better predict the influence of microorganisms on the safety assessment of the repository. Hence, the association process of uranium with two microorganisms isolated from rock salt was comparatively studied. Brachybacterium sp. G1, which was isolated from the German salt dome Gorleben, and Halobacterium noricense DSM15987T, were selected as examples of a moderately halophilic bacterium and an extremely halophilic archaeon, respectively...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328931/biostimulation-and-bioaugmentation-of-native-microbial-community-accelerated-bioremediation-of-oil-refinery-sludge
#7
Ajoy Roy, Avishek Dutta, Siddhartha Pal, Abhishek Gupta, Jayeeta Sarkar, Ananya Chatterjee, Anumeha Saha, Poulomi Sarkar, Pinaki Sar, Sufia K Kazy
Scope for developing an engineered bioremediation strategy for the treatment of hydrocarbon-rich petroleum refinery waste was investigated through biostimulation and bioaugmentation approaches. Enhanced (46-55%) total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) attenuation was achieved through phosphate, nitrate or nitrate+phosphate amendment in the sludge with increased (upto 12%) abundance of fermentative, hydrocarbon degrading, sulfate-reducing, CO2-assimilating and methanogenic microorganisms (Bacillus, Coprothermobacter, Rhodobacter, Pseudomonas, Achromobacter, Desulfitobacter, Desulfosporosinus, T78, Methanobacterium, Methanosaeta, etc)...
January 3, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327801/tense-and-plural-formation-in-welsh-english-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#8
Vasiliki Chondrogianni, Nerys John
BACKGROUND: Grammatical morphology has been shown to be problematic for children with specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). Most research on this topic comes from widely spoken languages, such as English. Despite Welsh being the most extensively spoken indigenous in the UK after English, and Wales being the only official bilingual country in the UK, our knowledge about the morphosyntactic areas of Welsh that may pose problems for Welsh-speaking children with SLI is limited...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326508/effect-of-ultraviolet-irradiation-on-the-osseointegration-of-a-titanium-alloy-with-bone
#9
Ashish Yadav, Ranjana Yadav, Aratee Gupta, Akash Baranwal, Atul Bhatnagar, Vakil Singh
Introduction: Attempt has been made to analyze the potential of titanium (Ti) alloy for osteointegration by the effect of surface photo functionalization in different aspects as follows: in Ringer's solution, in vitro cell growth, and in vivo study on rabbit. The present study was aimed to investigate the influence of ultraviolet (UV) light on surface topography, corrosion behavior, and bioactivity of indigenously manufactured samples of Ti alloy mini-implant. Materials and Methods: The study includes surface modification of Ti samples by UV treatment, corrosion testing of the specimens using Potentiostat (GAMRY System), qualitative examination of modified surface topography using scanning electron microscope, and cellular viability test on Ti alloy surface (3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide ASSAY)...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325917/increase-in-insulin-sensitivity-by-the-association-of-chicoric-acid-and-chlorogenic-acid-contained-in-a-natural-chicoric-acid-extract-ncrae-of-chicory-cichorium-intybus-l-for-an-antidiabetic-effect
#10
Karine Ferrare, Luc P R Bidel, Abdulmomem Awwad, Patrick Poucheret, Guillaume Cazals, Françoise Lazennec, Jacqueline Azay-Milhau, Michel Tournier, Anne-Dominique Lajoix, Didier Tousch
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) is an indigenous vegetable widely cultivated in Europe, America and Asia. In ancient times, the leaves, flowers, seeds, and roots have been used as a wealth of health benefits including its tonic effects, the ability to ease digestive problems and to detoxify liver. In Indian traditional therapy, chicory was known to possess antidiabetic effect. In the traditional medicine of Bulgaria and Italy, chicory was used as hypoglycemic decoctions...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325572/modeling-the-relationship-between-women-s-perceptions-and-future-intention-to-use-institutional-maternity-care-in-the-western-highlands-of-guatemala
#11
Emily Peca, John Sandberg
BACKGROUND: Despite global gains, women in hard-to-reach areas are at a relatively higher risk of death and disability related to childbirth. Traditional methods of measuring satisfaction may mask negative experiences (such as disrespect and abuse) that can drive down demand for institutional care. Better measurement of women's perceptions of care quality, especially among marginalized populations with historically low utilization of institutional care, are needed to inform how to improve services and foster greater utilization of (potentially life-saving) clinical care...
January 11, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324386/effects-of-two-ecological-earthworm-species-on-atrazine-degradation-performance-and-bacterial-community-structure-in-red-soil
#12
Zhong Lin, Zhen Zhen, Lei Ren, Jiewen Yang, Chunling Luo, Laiyuan Zhong, Hanqiao Hu, Yanqiu Liang, Yongtao Li, Dayi Zhang
Vermicomposting is an effective and environmentally friendly approach for eliminating soil organic contamination. Atrazine is one of the most commonly applied triazinic herbicides and frequently detected in agricultural soils. This study investigated the roles and mechanisms of two earthworm species (epigeic Eisenia foetida and endogeic Amynthas robustus) in microbial degradation of atrazine. Both earthworms accelerated atrazine degradation performance from 39.0% in sterile soils to 94.9%-95.7%, via neutralizing soil pH, consuming soil humus, altering bacterial community structure, enriching indigenous atrazine degraders and excreting the intestinal atrazine-degrading bacteria...
December 29, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324289/phylogenetic-analysis-reveals-three-distinct-epidemiological-profiles-in-dutch-and-flemish-blood-donors-with-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#13
Thijs J van de Laar, Véronique A Van Gaever, Peter van Swieten, An Muylaert, Veerle Compernolle, Hans L Zaaijer
During 2006-2016, hepatitis B virus (HBV) was detected in nearly 400 blood donors in the Netherlands and Flanders. Donor demographics and self-reported risk factors as disclosed during the donor exit interview were compared to HBV phylogenies of donor and reference sequences. First-time donors with chronic HBV-infection were often immigrants (67%) infected with genetically highly diverse strains of genotypes A (32%), B (8%), C (6%), D (53%) and E to H (1%). Each subtype was strongly associated with donor ethnicity...
January 8, 2018: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323865/building-capacity-through-urban-agriculture-report-on-the-ask%C3%A3-y-project
#14
Wanda Martin, Lindsey Vold
INTRODUCTION: Many North American cities have a built environment that provides access to energy-dense food and little opportunity for active living. Urban agriculture contributes to a positive environment involving food plant cultivation that includes processing, storing, distributing and composting. It is a means to increase local food production and thereby improve community health. The purpose of this study was to understand how participating in urban agriculture can help to empower young adults and build capacity for growing food in the city...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322711/high-prevalence-of-hypovitaminosis-d-in-patients-presenting-with-proximal-muscle-weakness-a-sub-himalayan-study
#15
Jatinder Mokta, Balraj, Kiran Mokta, Asha Ranjan, Ivan Joshi, Mahak Garg
Background: Hypovitaminosis D has emerged as a major public health problem and 25-50% of patients encountered in clinical practice are deficient in vitamin D. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D among patients presenting with proximal muscle weakness. Study Design: It was a cross-sectional study done on patients ≥18 years presenting in outdoor clinic from May 2008 to April 2013, with difficulty in standing and going up stairs/ diffuse musculoskeletal pains...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321988/hypolipidemic-effects-of-s-linalool-and-essential-oil-from-cinnamomum-osmophloeum-ct-linalool-leaves-in-mice
#16
Bing-Ho Cheng, Lee-Yan Sheen, Shang-Tzen Chang
Cinnamomum osmophloeum ( tǔ ròu guì) ct. linalool is one of the chemotypes of the indigenous cinnamon in Taiwan. S-(+)-linalool is the major constituent of leaf essential oil (LEO) of C. osmophloeum ct. linalool. This study aimed to investigate its physiological effects including body weight changes, blood biochemical values, and histopathological changes in mice. The mice were treated with LEO, S-(+)-linalool, and R-(-)-linalool. Results demonstrated similar physiological changes in mice treated with LEO and S-(+)-linalool, but significantly different effects in the body weight, TG, TC and blood glucose of R-(-)-linalool group...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321986/traditional-uses-and-pharmacological-properties-of-clerodendrum-phytochemicals
#17
REVIEW
Jin-Hui Wang, Fei Luan, Xiang-Dong He, Yong Wang, Mao-Xing Li
Clerodendrum is a genus of ca. 500 species in the family Lamiaceae and widely distributed throughout the whole world. Up to now, many species of this genus have been described in various indigenous systems of medicine and are used in preparation of folklore medicines for the treatment of various life-threatening diseases, and more than eleven species of the Clerodendrum genus have been very well studied for their chemical constituents and biological activities, and 283 compounds, including monoterpene and its derivatives, sesquiterpene, diterpenoids, triterpenoids, flavonoid and flavonoid glycosides, phenylethanoid glycosides, steroids and steroid glycosides, cyclohexylethanoids, anthraquinones, cyanogenic glycosides, and others have been isolated and identified...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321357/mapping-of-id-locus-for-dermal-shank-melanin-in-a-chinese-indigenous-chicken-breed
#18
Jiguo Xu, Shudai Lin, Xinfeng Gao, Qinghua Nie, Qingbin Luo, Xiquan Zhang
The dermal shank pigmentation, one of the defining traits of chicken breeds, is caused by an abnormal deposition of melanin in the dermis of the shank. The abnormal deposition is controlled by the sex-linked inhibitor of dermal melanin (Id). In this study, we aim to locate the gene responsible for the dermal shank pigmentation in chickens by an association analysis and a differential expression analysis. Based on our results, 72 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in Z chromosome (chrZ): 71-73 Mb (galGal3) were selected to further explore their relationships with the dermal shank pigmentation in pure lines of 96 Gushi hens and 96 Gushi hens with a yellow shank skin colour...
December 2017: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321355/genetic-diversity-phylogeographic-structure-and-effect-of-selection-at-the-mitochondrial-hypervariable-region-of-nigerian-chicken-populations
#19
Abdulhakeem B Ajibike, Oluwagbemiga O Adeleye, Babatunde M Ilori, Damilola A Osinbowale, Omolola A Adeniyi, Samuel O Durosaro, Adeyinka J Sanda, Oluwafunmilayo A Adebambo, Ayotunde O Adebambo
In this study, the maternal genetic diversity, phylogenetic relationship and effect of natural selection on indigenous chickens from Nigeria were assessed. A total of 397-bp fragment of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) D-loop region of 171 indigenous chickens from four populations of Nigeria and four commercial egg line strains (two Anak titan, one Giriraja and one Yaffa) as out-groups were analysed. Thirty-one haplotypes (28 from Nigerian chickens and three from commercial strains) and 34 polymorphic sites were identified...
December 2017: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321125/efficacy-of-a-web-based-safety-decision-aid-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Jane Koziol-McLain, Alain C Vandal, Denise Wilson, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Terry Dobbs, Christine McLean, Rose Sisk, Karen B Eden, Nancy E Glass
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a human rights violation and leading health burden for women. Safety planning is a hallmark of specialist family violence intervention, yet only a small proportion of women access formal services. A Web-based safety decision aid may reach a wide audience of women experiencing IPV and offer the opportunity to prioritize and plan for safety for themselves and their families. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of a Web-based safety decision aid (isafe) for women experiencing IPV...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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