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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214449/-they-treated-me-like-crap-and-i-know-it-was-because-i-was-native-the-healthcare-experiences-of-aboriginal-peoples-living-in-vancouver-s-inner-city
#1
Ashley Goodman, Kim Fleming, Nicole Markwick, Tracey Morrison, Louise Lagimodiere, Thomas Kerr
There is growing evidence that Aboriginal peoples often experience healthcare inequalities due to racism. However, research exploring the healthcare experiences of Aboriginal peoples who use illicit substances is limited, and research rarely accounts for how multiple accounts of stigma intersect and contribute to the experiences of marginalized populations. Our research aimed to explore the healthcare experiences of Aboriginal peoples who use illicit drugs and or illicit alcohol (APWUID/A) living in Vancouver's inner city...
January 26, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214058/phylogenetic-multilocus-sequence-analysis-of-indigenous-slow-growing-rhizobia-nodulating-cowpea-vigna-unguiculata-l-in-greece
#2
Anastasia P Tampakaki, Christos T Fotiadis, Georgia Ntatsi, Dimitrios Savvas
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a promiscuous grain legume, capable of establishing efficient symbiosis with diverse symbiotic bacteria, mainly slow-growing rhizobial species belonging to the genus Bradyrhizobium. Although much research has been done on cowpea-nodulating bacteria in various countries around the world, little is known about the genetic and symbiotic diversity of indigenous cowpea rhizobia in European soils. In the present study, the genetic and symbiotic diversity of indigenous rhizobia isolated from field-grown cowpea nodules in three geographically different Greek regions were studied...
February 2, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213108/intestinal-transport-and-absorption-of-bioactive-phenolic-compounds-from-a-chemically-characterized-aqueous-extract-of-athrixia-phylicoides
#3
Sandra L Bowles, Yonela Ntamo, Christiaan J Malherbe, Abidemi M P Kappo, Johan Louw, Christo J F Muller
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Athrixia phylicoides (A. phylicoides), popularly known as "bush tea", is an indigenous aromatic shrub found in mountainous and grassland areas of the northern and eastern parts of southern Africa. The plant is traditionally used for the treatment of several ailments, including coughing, treating infected wounds, treating boils and sore throat, hypertension and heart disease. Potential anti-diabetic effects have also been demonstrated in vitro. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the intestinal transport of prominent phenolic constituents, across a fully differentiated Caco-2 monolayer, using a characterized aqueous extract of A...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213019/growth-interactions-and-antilisterial-effects-of-the-bacteriocinogenic-lactococcus-lactis-subsp-cremoris-m104-and-enterococcus-faecium-ke82-strains-in-thermized-milk-in-the-presence-or-absence-of-a-commercial-starter-culture
#4
Alexandra Lianou, Athanasia Kakouri, Eleni C Pappa, John Samelis
Traditional Greek cheeses are often produced from thermized milk (TM) with the use of commercial starter cultures (CSCs), which may not inhibit growth of Listeria monocytogenes completely. Therefore, this study evaluated the behavior of an artificial L. monocytogenes contamination in commercially TM (63 °C; 30 s) inoculated with a CSC plus Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis M104 and/or Enterococcus faecium KE82, two indigenous strains producing nisin A and enterocin A and B, respectively. Inoculation treatments included TM with the CSC only, and TM without the CSC but with strain M104 alone, or combined with strain KE82...
June 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212641/local-constraints-to-access-appropriate-malaria-treatment-in-the-context-of-parasite-resistance-in-cambodia-a-qualitative-study
#5
Jesse Verschuere, Tom Decroo, Dara Lim, Jean-Marie Kindermans, Chea Nguon, Rekol Huy, Yasmine Alkourdi, Koen Peeters Grietens, Charlotte Gryseels
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging drug resistance in Cambodia, artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is still the most efficacious therapy. ACT is available free of charge in the Cambodian public sector and at a subsidized rate in the private sector. However, un- and mistreated cases in combination with population movements may lead to the further spread of resistant parasites, stressing the importance of understanding how the perceived aetiology of malaria and associated health-seeking behaviour may delay access to appropriate treatment...
February 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211334/adsorption-capacity-of-multiple-dna-sources-to-clay-minerals-and-environmental-soil-matrices-less-than-previously-estimated
#6
Courtney M Gardner, Claudia K Gunsch
The cultivation and consumption of transgenic crops continues to be a widely debated topic, as the potential ecological impacts are not fully understood. In particular, because antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have historically been used as selectable markers in the genetic engineering of transgenic crops, it is important to determine if the genetic constructs found in decomposing transgenic crops persist long enough in the environment and if they can be transferred horizontally to indigenous microorganisms...
February 5, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210794/the-rapid-degradation-of-bisphenol-a-induced-by-the-response-of-indigenous-bacterial-communities-in-sediment
#7
Chao Huang, Piao Xu, Guangming Zeng, Danlian Huang, Cui Lai, Min Cheng, Linjing Deng, Chen Zhang, Jia Wan, Linshan Liu
In the present study, sediment was spiked with bisphenol A (BPA) solution to explore the interaction between indigenous bacterial communities and BPA biodegradation in sediment. Results showed that BPA could be adsorbed to the sediment and then biodegraded rapidly. Biodegradation efficiency of BPA in treatments with 10 and 50 mg/L BPA reached 64.3 and 61.8% on the first day, respectively. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis indicated that BPA affected the densities, species, and diversities of bacteria significantly...
February 16, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209076/an-ethnopharmacological-study-of-aromatic-uyghur-medicinal-plants-in-xinjiang-china
#8
Lu Zhao, Shuge Tian, E Wen, Halmuart Upur
CONTEXT: An ethnobotanical survey was completed in a remote village and surrounding country of Xinjiang, where most Uyghur medicinal plants could be collected. This work clarifies and increases ethnobotanical data. OBJECTIVES: We surveyed and organized aromatic medicinal plants that are commonly used in clinical settings to provide a significant reference for studying new medical activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the survey, informants who have traditional knowledge on aromatic Uyghur medicinal plants were interviewed between March 2014 and September 2014...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208026/corrigendum
#9
(no author information available yet)
Jamieson LM, Elani HW, Mejia GC, Ju X, Kawachi I, Harper S, Thomson WM, Kaufman JS. 2016. Inequalities in indigenous oral health: findings from Australia, New Zealand, and Canada. J Dent Res. 95(12):1375-1380. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0022034516658233 ).
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207861/in-vitro-anti-herpes-simplex-virus-2-activity-of-salvia-desoleana-atzei-v-picci-essential-oil
#10
Valeria Cagno, Barbara Sgorbini, Cinzia Sanna, Cecilia Cagliero, Mauro Ballero, Andrea Civra, Manuela Donalisio, Carlo Bicchi, David Lembo, Patrizia Rubiolo
Salvia desoleana Atzei & V. Picci is an indigenous species in Sardinia island used in folk medicine to treat menstrual, digestive and central nervous system diseases. Nowadays, it is widely cultivated for the pleasant smell of its essential oil (EO), whose antimicrobial and antifungal activities have already been screened. This study evaluated the in vitro anti-Herpes Simplex Virus-2 (HSV-2) activity of S. desoleana EO, fractions and main components: linalyl acetate, alpha terpinyl acetate, and germacrene D...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206740/d-amino-acid-levels-in-perfused-mouse-brain-tissue-and-blood-a-comparative-study
#11
Choyce A Weatherly, Siqi Du, Curran Parpia, Polan T Santos, Adam L Hartman, Daniel W Armstrong
The l-enantiomer is the predominant type of amino acid in all living systems. However, d-amino acids, once thought to be "unnatural", have been found to be indigenous even in mammalian systems and increasingly appear to be functioning in essential biological and neurological roles. Both d- and l-amino acid levels in the hippocampus, cortex, and blood samples from NIH Swiss mice are reported. Perfused brain tissues were analyzed for the first time, thereby eliminating artifacts due to endogenous blood, and decreased the mouse-to-mouse variability in amino acid levels...
February 16, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205339/doing-it-hard-in-the-bush-aligning-what-gets-measured-with-what-matters
#12
Malcolm I McDonald, Kenny D Lawson
What gets measured gets managed. Funding of health services is substantially determined by operational activity and specific outcome indicators. In day-to-day clinical decision-making, surrogate markers, such as glycosylated haemoglobin and blood pressure, are commonly used to modify risks of 'hard' outcomes that include kidney failure, ischaemic cardiac events, stroke and all-cause mortality. In many settings, surrogates are all we have to go on. As a consequence, current health funding models heavily rely on surrogate-based key performance indicators [KPIs]...
February 16, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204952/a-preliminary-report-of-indigenous-fungal-isolates-from-contaminated-municipal-solid-waste-site-in-india
#13
Abhishek Kumar Awasthi, Akhilesh Kumar Pandey, Jamaluddin Khan
Municipal solid waste (MSW) containing harmful substances is a major concern in waste management and can cause adverse effects on diversity of fungi in soil. The main objective was to evaluate the fungal diversity inhabiting in the soil nearby MSW disposal site. The fungal strains were isolated in potato dextrose agar (PDA), media at temperatures 28 ± 1 °C by using standard serial dilution pour plate method, and appeared fungal colonies identified based on morphological characteristics. The overall most fungal diversity was found in soil sample collected from S5, followed by S4, S3, S1, and least in S2 site...
February 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201986/the-origin-of-chow-chows-in-the-light-of-the-east-asian-breeds
#14
Hechuan Yang, Guodong Wang, Meng Wang, Yaping Ma, Tingting Yin, Ruoxi Fan, Hong Wu, Li Zhong, David M Irwin, Weiwei Zhai, Yaping Zhang
BACKGROUND: East Asian dog breeds are one of the most ancient groups of dogs that radiated after the domestication of the dog and represent the most basal lineages of dog evolution. Among these, the Chow Chow is an ancient breed that embodies very distinct morphological and physiological features, such as sturdy build, dense coat, and blue/purple tongue. RESULTS: Using a Restricted site Associated DNA (RAD) sequencing approach, we sequenced the genomes of nine Chow Chows from China...
February 16, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199929/identification-of-natural-red-and-purple-dyes-on-textiles-by-fiber-optics-reflectance-spectroscopy
#15
M A Maynez-Rojas, E Casanova-González, J L Ruvalcaba-Sil
Understanding dye chemistry and dye processes is an important issue for studies of cultural heritage collections and science conservation. Fiber Optics Reflectance Spectroscopy (FORS) is a powerful technique, which allows preliminary dye identification, causing no damage or mechanical stress on the artworks subjected to analysis. Some information related to specific light scattering and absorption can be obtained in the UV-visible and infrared range (300-1400nm) and it is possible to discriminate the kind of support fiber in the near infrared region (1000-2500nm)...
February 9, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198923/new-races-new-diseases-the-possibility-of-colonization-through-racial-mixing-in-history-of-brazil-1810-1819-by-robert-southey
#16
Flávia Florentino Varella
The possibility that the climate altered the temperament of people who were not native to a given region was a widely held belief even before the discovery of the Americas. Changes in air, temperature, and diet were believed to contribute decisively to whether races degenerated or flourished. In the New World, the black, European, and indigenous races mixed, reconfiguring European diseases. I explore how historian Robert Southey viewed this mixture of races in a positive light, especially the mixture of indigenous and Portuguese blood, resulting in the mameluco...
December 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198058/ethno-herbal-medico-in-wound-repair-an-incisive-review
#17
REVIEW
Urmimala Das, Sudhanshu Shekhar Behera, Krishna Pramanik
Wound healing/cicatrization is a complex series of intricate processes that involve renewal of skin/epidermis after injury. A large number of ethno-medicinal plants/plant extracts are used by tribal and folklore traditions in developing world for the treatment of wounds, burns and cuts in distinct appearances. Moreover, plants/plant extracts have a significant history and successful clinical track record as indigenous drugs in wound repair systems. This review provides detailed information on molecular and cellular mechanism of plant/plant extracts on wound healing applications and further analyses the opportunities and scope with its future openings and prospects owing to the multifaceted challenges attached with neo-tissue regeneration...
February 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196405/psychosocial-interventions-for-supporting-women-to-stop-smoking-in-pregnancy
#18
REVIEW
Catherine Chamberlain, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Jessie Porter, Tim Coleman, Susan M Perlen, James Thomas, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, and has serious long-term implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy on smoking behaviour and perinatal health outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196087/the-potential-of-indigenous-paenibacillus-ehimensis-bs1-for-recovering-heavy-crude-oil-by-biotransformation-to-light-fractions
#19
Biji Shibulal, Saif N Al-Bahry, Yahya M Al-Wahaibi, Abdulkadir E Elshafie, Ali S Al-Bemani, Sanket J Joshi
Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR) is a potential technology for residual heavy oil recovery. Many heavy oil fields in Oman and elsewhere have difficulty in crude oil recovery because it is expensive due to its high viscosity. Indigenous microbes are capable of improving the fluidity of heavy oil, by changing its high viscosity and producing lighter oil fractions. Many spore-forming bacteria were isolated from soil samples collected from oil fields in Oman. Among the isolates, an autochthonous spore-forming bacterium was found to enhance heavy oil recovery, which was identified by 16S rDNA sequencing as Paenibacillus ehimensis BS1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195680/disparities-in-the-incidence-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-long-term-trends-from-the-hunter-region
#20
Allan J Davies, Crystal Naudin, Mohammed Al Omari, Arshad Khan, Chris Oldmeadow, Mark Jones, Bruce Bastian, Rohan Bhagwandeen, Peter Fletcher, James Leitch, Andrew Boyle
BACKGROUND: Trends in the incidence of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) provide important information for health care providers and can allow for accurate planning of future health needs and targeted interventions in areas with an excess burden of cardiovascular disease AIMS: To investigate the regional variations in AMI incidence in the Hunter region METHODS: Incident cases of AMI identified between 1996 and 2013 from the Hunter New England Health Cardiac and Stroke Outcomes Unit were prospectively collected for this study...
February 14, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
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