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Vitamin D AND cholesterol

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926322/vitamin-d-status-serum-lipid-concentrations-and-vitamin-d-receptor-vdr-gene-polymorphisms-in-familial-mediterranean-fever
#1
Turan Turhan, Halef Okan Doğan, Nihal Boğdaycioğlu, Nilnur Eyerci, Ahmet Omma, İsmail Sari, Ahmet Yeşilyurt, Yaşar Karaaslan
Vitamin D (VitD) is critical for the regulation of inflammatory processes, and VitD deficiency has been linked to several chronic inflammatory disorders. We aimed to investigate the concentrations of serum 25(OH)D3, lipid parameters, and three known VDR polymorphisms (BsmI, FokI, and TaqI) in patients with Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disease. The study included 123 FMF patients and 105 controls. A total of 38 patients were in acute attacks at the time of investigation...
September 18, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891198/targeted-medical-nutrition-for-cachexia-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Philip C Calder, Alessandro Laviano, Fredrik Lonnqvist, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Maria Öhlander, Annemie Schols
BACKGROUND: Cachectic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may benefit from nutritional support. This double-blind, randomized, controlled trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of targeted medical nutrition (TMN) vs. an isocaloric comparator in pre-cachectic and cachectic patients with COPD. METHODS: Patients aged ≥50 years with moderate-to-severe COPD and involuntary weight loss or low body mass index (16-18 kg/m(2) ) were randomized 1:1 to receive TMN (~230 kcal; 2 g omega-3 fatty acids; 10 μg 25-hydroxy-vitamin D3) or isocaloric comparator twice daily for 12 weeks (ClinicalTrials...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864378/potential-cardiovascular-and-renal-protective-effects-of-vitamin-d-and-coenzyme-q10-in-l-name-induced-hypertensive-rats
#3
Hanan A Shamardl, Sahar M El-Ashmony, Hala F Kamel, Sameer H Fatani
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the primary modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Adequate vitamin D (vit D) levels have been shown to reduce vascular smooth muscle contraction and to increase arterial compliance, which may be beneficial in hypertension. Further, coenzyme Q10 (COQ10) through its action to lower oxidative stress has been reported to have beneficial effects on hypertension and heart failure. This study examined the possible cardiac and renal protective effects of vit D and COQ10 both separately and in combination with an angiotensin II receptor blocker, valsartan (vals) in l-NAME hypertensive rats...
August 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856433/effects-of-orthodox-religious-fasting-on-human-health-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Theocharis Koufakis, Spyridon Ν Karras, Vasiliki Antonopoulou, Eleni Angeloudi, Pantelis Zebekakis, Kalliopi Kotsa
PURPOSE: Different studies have pointed towards a positive effect of religious fasting on human health. Orthodox fasting (OF) regime could be characterized as a periodical vegetarian diet, demonstrating several common characteristics with the typical Mediterranean diet. The present systematic review aimed to synthesize available results regarding the potential impact of OF on human health. METHODS: Key biomedical databases were searched to identify studies examining the effects of OF on humans...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852842/the-impact-of-combined-nutraceutical-supplementation-on-quality-of-life-and-metabolic-changes-during-the-menopausal-transition-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#5
Paola Villa, Inbal D Amar, Carolina Bottoni, Clelia Cipolla, Giorgia Dinoi, Maria C Moruzzi, Giovanni Scambia, Antonio Lanzone
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a combined nutraceutical supplement on symptoms and early metabolic alterations during the menopausal transition. This pilot randomized study was conducted at the service for menopause disorders of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. METHODS: Ninety women in menopausal transition who attended our service with menopausal symptoms were enrolled in the study...
August 29, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846662/vitamin-d-deficiency-a-potential-modifiable-risk-factor-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-children-with-severe-obesity
#6
Anoop Mohamed Iqbal, Amanda R Dahl, Aida Lteif, Seema Kumar
Severe obesity is associated with abnormal lipids and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Obesity is a risk factor for vitamin D deficiency. We examined relationship between 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations and lipids in children with severe obesity. Medical records of 376 children were reviewed. Linear regression models and logistic regression were used to examine the relationship between 25(OH)D and lipids after adjustment for age, gender, season of blood draw, body mass index (BMI) z-score, and BMI % of 95th percentile...
August 28, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843242/relationship-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-markers-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-overweight-and-obese-adults
#7
Fatemeh Kaseb, Kimia Haghighyfard, Maryam-Sadat Salami, Akram Ghadiri-Anari
In recent years, metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease has had a tremendous elevation growth. Many studies have demonstrated negative correlation between vitamin D deficiency and indexes of metabolic syndrome in obese patients. This study was designed to find the relation between vitamin D deficiency and markers of metabolic syndrome among overweight and obese adults referred to obesity center of Shahid Sadoughi hospital in 2014. Eighty-nine overweight and obese adults (79 women and 10 men), who 13 subjects were overweight and 76 subjects were obese were recruited in this cross-sectional study...
June 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815782/influence-of-conjugated-linoleic-acids-and-vitamin-e-on-milk-fatty-acid-composition-and-concentrations-of-vitamin-a-and-%C3%AE-tocopherol-in-blood-and-milk-of-dairy-cows
#8
S Schäfers, U Meyer, D von Soosten, L Hüther, C Drong, K Eder, E Most, A Tröscher, W Pelletier, A Zeyner, S Dänicke
The objective of this trial was to investigate the influences of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vitamin E (Vit. E) and their interactions on fatty acid composition and vitamins in milk (α-tocopherol, retinol and β-carotene) as well as on α-tocopherol in blood of pluriparous cows from week 6 ante partum until week 10 post-partum (p.p.). We assigned 59 pluriparous German Holstein cows to four treatment groups with the treatment factors CLA and Vit. E at two levels in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Milk fatty acid composition and milk vitamins were analysed on lactation days 7 and 28...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812446/higher-dietary-intake-of-vitamin-d-may-influence-total-cholesterol-and-carbohydrate-profile-independent-of-body-composition-in-men-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Christopher Beal, Ashraf Gorgey, Pamela Moore, Nathan Wong, Robert A Adler, David Gater
STUDY DESIGN: A case-control design. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of dietary vitamin D intake on insulin sensitivity (Si), glucose effectiveness (Sg), and lipid profile in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: 20 male, paraplegic (T3-L1) with chronic (> one year) motor complete SCI (AIS A or B) were recruited. Three-day dietary records were analyzed for dietary vitamin D (calciferol), and participants were assigned to one of two groups, a high vitamin D intake group and a low vitamin D intake group based on the mid-point of vitamin D frequency distribution...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811597/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-modify-cardiometabolic-response-to-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-t2dm-patients
#10
Nasser M Al-Daghri, Abdul Khader Mohammed, Omar S Al-Attas, Mohammed Ghouse Ahmed Ansari, Kaiser Wani, Syed D Hussain, Shaun Sabico, Gyanendra Tripathi, Majed S Alokail
There is conflicting evidence on the favorable effects of vitamin D supplementation on metabolic profile in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and this might be due to genetic variations in vitamin D receptors (VDRs). Thus, we studied the metabolic effects of a 12-month vitamin D supplementation in T2DM patients according to VDR polymorphisms. A total of 204 T2DM subjects received 2000 IU vitamin D3 daily for 12 months. Serum 25(OH)D and metabolic profiles were measured at baseline and after 12 months...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808408/anti-lipid-potential-of-drimys-brasiliensis
#11
Josueli Merotto, Larissa Vivan Cestonaro, Luciana Grazziotin Rossato-Grando, Luciano de Oliveira Siqueira, Charise Dallazem Bertol
BACKGROUND: The traditional use of Drimys brasiliensis Miers (Winteraceae) in the south of Brazil to reduce cholesterol has not been described in scientific literature. OBJECTIVE: To verify the hypocholesterolemic effects of D. brasiliensis using rats as animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The bark of D. brasiliensis was extracted with water with further lyophilization and was subjected to phytochemical analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and free radical scavenging activities by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay to determine antioxidant potential...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804440/effect-of-dietary-interventions-during-weaning-period-on-parental-practice-and-lipoproteins-and-vitamin-d-status-in-two-year-old-children
#12
Nina Cecilie Øverby, Sigrunn Hernes, Margaretha Haugen
Objective: Evaluate if a two-day course for parents on nutrition and applied baby food preparation had an effect on child's intake of home-made foods, lipid concentration, and vitamin D status. Design: Randomized controlled trial at age 6 months and follow-up at ages 15 and 24 months. Setting: Four health care clinics in Kristiansand, Norway. Subjects: Thirty-nine pairs of 6-month-old children and their parents in the intervention group and 20 pairs in the control group. Results: At age 15 months, the intervention group had lower intakes of ready-made porridge (2...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803595/vitamin-d-intake-and-risk-of-cvd-and-all-cause-mortality-evidence-from-the-caerphilly-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Jing Guo, John R Cockcroft, Peter C Elwood, Janet E Pickering, Julie A Lovegrove, David I Givens
OBJECTIVE: Prospective data on the associations between vitamin D intake and risk of CVD and all-cause mortality are limited and inconclusive. The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between vitamin D intake and CVD risk and all-cause mortality in the Caerphilly Prospective Cohort Study. DESIGN: The associations of vitamin D intake with CVD risk markers were examined cross-sectionally at baseline and longitudinally at 5-year, 10-year and >20-year follow-ups...
October 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796426/vitamin-d-levels-in-smith-lemli-opitz-syndrome
#14
Miyad Movassaghi, Simona Bianconi, Richard Feinn, Christopher A Wassif, Forbes D Porter
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an autosomal recessive congenital malformation syndrome caused by mutations in the 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase gene. This inborn error of cholesterol synthesis leads to elevated concentrations of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC). 7-DHC also serves as the precursor for vitamin D synthesis. Limited data is available on vitamin D levels in individuals with SLOS. Due to elevated concentrations of 7-DHC, we hypothesized that vitamin D status would be abnormal and possibly reach toxic levels in patients with SLOS...
October 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795765/vitamin-d-predictors-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#15
Flora Bacopoulou, Evangelia Kolias, Vasiliki Efthymiou, Constantine N Antonopoulos, Evangelia Charmandari
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine differences and predictors of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) compared with non-PCOS controls matched for body mass index. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three databases were searched (2003-2015) to retrieve studies that evaluated serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in PCOS women and controls. Meta-regression analysis was performed with anthropometric and metabolic/endocrine parameters as covariates...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790836/evaluation-of-coronary-calcium-score-in-patients-with-normocalcemic-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#16
Patrícia Nunes Mesquita, Ana Paula Dornelas Leão Leite, Stella das Chagas Crisóstomo, Enio Veras Filho, Lucas da Cunha Xavier, Francisco Bandeira
RATIONALE: Given that the diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is given at an increasingly less-symptomatic phase, and the literature data on the cardiovascular risk of patients with normocalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism (NPHPT) are controversial, the coronary calcium score (CCS), which is correlated with coronary artery disease, may be useful for clarifying the association between cardiovascular risk and NPHPT. OBJECTIVE: This research aims to describe the CCS and the clinical and laboratory variables of patients with NPHPT compared with a control group and to verify the presence of an association between NPHPT and CCS...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766735/relationship-between-tooth-loss-and-peripheral-arterial-disease-among-women
#17
Francisco J Muñoz-Torres, Kenneth J Mukamal, Jennifer K Pai, Walter Willett, Kaumudi J Joshipura
AIM: We assessed the longitudinal association between tooth loss and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) within the Nurses' Health Study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After excluding participants with prior cardiovascular diseases, 277 of 79,663 women were confirmed as PAD cases during 16 years of follow-up. Number of teeth and recent tooth loss were reported initially in 1992. Subsequent tooth loss was recorded in 1996 and in 2000. We evaluated the associations of baseline number of teeth and recent tooth loss with risk of PAD, adjusting for age, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, aspirin use, family history of myocardial infarction, BMI, alcohol consumption, physical activity, postmenopausal hormone use, and use of vitamin E, vitamin D, multivitamin and calcium...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759943/the-effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-glucose-metabolism-and-lipid-profiles-in-patients-with-gestational-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Maryam Akbari, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Kamran B Lankarani, Reza Tabrizi, Mansooreh Samimi, Maryam Karamali, Mehri Jamilian, Fariba Kolahdooz, Zatollah Asemi
This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to summarize the effect of vitamin D supplementation on glucose homeostasis parameters and lipid profiles in gestational diabetes (GDM) patients. We conducted an electronic systematic search of MEDLINE, and 4 other research databases from inception to August 2016, in addition to performing hand searches and consulting with experts in the field. The index of heterogeneity between studies was determined using Cochran (Q) and I-squared tests...
July 31, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751149/the-effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-metabolic-profiles-and-liver-function-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
Reza Tabrizi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Kamran B Lankarani, Maryam Akbari, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Fariba Kolahdooz, Mansooreh Samimi, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to summarize the evidence on the effect of vitamin D supplementation on metabolic profiles in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE and five other databases to identify all RCTs investigating the association between vitamin D and NAFLD up until 5 October 2016. Seven RCTs with 452 participants (227 patients and 225 controls) were included in the meta-analysis...
July 20, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742409/the-effects-of-vitamin-d-and-evening-primrose-oil-co-supplementation-on-lipid-profiles-and-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-in-vitamin-d-deficient-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
Khadijeh Nasri, Sedighe Akrami, Maryam Rahimi, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Masoud Behfar, Mohammad Reza Mazandaranian, Abbas Kheiry, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Zatollah Asemi
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: There was inconsistent evidence about the benefit of vitamin D plus evening primrose oil (EPO) supplement intake on lipid profiles and reduced oxidative stress among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The current study was performed to evaluate the effects of vitamin D plus EPO supplementation on lipid profiles and biomarkers of oxidative stress in vitamin D-deficient women with PCOS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed among 60 vitamin D-deficient women with PCOS...
July 25, 2017: Endocrine Research
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