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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324688/estimating-doses-from-aboriginal-bush-foods-post-remediation-of-a-uranium-mine
#1
Che Doering, Andreas Bollhöfer, Peter Medley
This paper presents a calculator to facilitate assessments of ingestion doses from Aboriginal bush foods. The calculator combines information on traditional diet and land use with radionuclide concentration ratios and ingestion dose coefficients to estimate doses. The calculator was applied to the planned remediation of Ranger uranium mine to derive a set of scaling factors between radionuclide activity concentrations in environmental media and ingestion dose from bush foods. The scaling factors can be used to estimate doses from bush foods once the post-remediation radiological conditions of the mine and surrounding environment are known...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320056/health-related-quality-of-life-in-an-inception-cohort-of-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-longitudinal-analysis
#2
Kiem Oen, Jaime Guzman, Brenden Dufault, Lori B Tucker, Natalie J Shiff, Karen Watanabe Duffy, Jennifer J Y Lee, Brian M Feldman, Roberta A Berard, Paul Dancey, Adam M Huber, Rosie Scuccimarri, David A Cabral, Kimberly A Morishita, Suzanne E Ramsey, Alan M Rosenberg, Gilles Boire, Susanne M Benseler, Bianca Lang, Kristin Houghton, Paivi M Miettunen, Gaëlle Chédeville, Deborah M Levy, Alessandra Bruns, Heinrike Schmeling, Elie Haddad, Rae S M Yeung, Ciarán M Duffy
OBJECTIVES: To describe changes in health-related quality of life (HRQL) over time in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), relative to other outcomes; to identify predictors of unfavourable HRQL trajectories. METHODS: Children with JIA in the Research in Arthritis in Canadian Children emphasizing Outcomes (ReACCh-Out) cohort were included. The Juvenile Arthritis Quality of Life Questionnaire (JAQQ, a standardized instrument), health-related Quality of My Life (HRQoML, an instrument based on personal valuations) and JIA core variables were completed serially...
March 20, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301790/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-and-genital-warts-in-young-indigenous-australians-national-sentinel-surveillance-data
#3
Hammad Ali, Hamish McManus, Catherine C O'Connor, Denton Callander, Marlene Kong, Simon Graham, Dina Saulo, Christopher K Fairley, David G Regan, Andrew Grulich, Nicola Low, Rebecca J Guy, Basil Donovan
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of the national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program (available to girls and women [12-26 years] since 2007 and to boys [12-15 years] since 2013) on the number of diagnoses of genital warts in Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) people. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Analysis of routinely collected data from patients attending 39 sexual health clinics (SHCs) in the Genital Warts Surveillance Network for the first time...
March 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298272/self-report-dietary-assessment-tools-used-in-canadian-research-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Lana Vanderlee, Amanda Raffoul, Jackie Stapleton, Ilona Csizmadi, Beatrice A Boucher, Isabelle Massarelli, Isabelle Rondeau, Paula J Robson
Choosing the most appropriate dietary assessment tool for a study can be a challenge. Through a scoping review, we characterized self-report tools used to assess diet in Canada to identify patterns in tool use and to inform strategies to strengthen nutrition research. The research databases Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were used to identify Canadian studies published from 2009 to 2014 that included a self-report assessment of dietary intake. The search elicited 2358 records that were screened to identify those that reported on self-report dietary intake among nonclinical, non-Aboriginal adult populations...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295129/exposure-to-fine-particulate-matter-air-pollution-in-canada
#5
Lauren Pinault, Aaron van Donkelaar, Randall V Martin
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) has been associated with a greater risk of non-accidental, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in Canada. Research based on Canadian cohorts suggests that exposure to PM2.5 varies by demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Studies of NO₂, another pollutant, indicate that persons of lower socioeconomic status and some visible minority groups have greater exposure in urban centres. DATA AND METHODS: National residential PM2...
March 15, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287095/aboriginal-australian-mitochondrial-genome-variation-an-increased-understanding-of-population-antiquity-and-diversity
#6
Nano Nagle, Mannis van Oven, Stephen Wilcox, Sheila van Holst Pellekaan, Chris Tyler-Smith, Yali Xue, Kaye N Ballantyne, Leah Wilcox, Luka Papac, Karen Cooke, Roland A H van Oorschot, Peter McAllister, Lesley Williams, Manfred Kayser, R John Mitchell
Aboriginal Australians represent one of the oldest continuous cultures outside Africa, with evidence indicating that their ancestors arrived in the ancient landmass of Sahul (present-day New Guinea and Australia) ~55 thousand years ago. Genetic studies, though limited, have demonstrated both the uniqueness and antiquity of Aboriginal Australian genomes. We have further resolved known Aboriginal Australian mitochondrial haplogroups and discovered novel indigenous lineages by sequencing the mitogenomes of 127 contemporary Aboriginal Australians...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278407/influenza-vaccination-coverage-among-pregnant-indigenous-women-in-the-northern-territory-of-australia
#7
Sarah A Moberley, Jolie Lawrence, Vanessa Johnston, Ross M Andrews
Pregnant Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women are at particular risk of severe illness and high attack rates of influenza infection. In Australia, routine seasonal influenza vaccination is currently strongly recommended for all pregnant women and women planning pregnancy, and is provided free of charge for all pregnant women. We sought to determine vaccination coverage, describe the trends and characteristics associated with influenza vaccine uptake and determine the validity of self-reported influenza vaccination in a population of Indigenous pregnant women who were participants of a vaccine trial, prior to and during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic...
September 30, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277016/the-correlates-of-physical-activity-among-adult-m%C3%A3-tis
#8
Christopher J Ryan, Martin Cooke, Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Scott T Leatherdale, Piotr Wilk
OBJECTIVES: Métis, with a population of close to 390,000 people, are a culturally distinct and constitutionally recognized Aboriginal group in Canada that suffers from poorer overall health than non-Aboriginal Canadians. One important predictor of good health is physical activity. Guided by frameworks based on social and Aboriginal-specific determinants, we investigated the correlates of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and active transportation (walking) among adult Métis, with a particular focus on how culturally specific variables were associated with these two types of activity...
February 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273067/aboriginal-mitogenomes-reveal-50-000-years-of-regionalism-in-australia
#9
Ray Tobler, Adam Rohrlach, Julien Soubrier, Pere Bover, Bastien Llamas, Jonathan Tuke, Nigel Bean, Ali Abdullah-Highfold, Shane Agius, Amy O'Donoghue, Isabel O'Loughlin, Peter Sutton, Fran Zilio, Keryn Walshe, Alan N Williams, Chris S M Turney, Matthew Williams, Stephen M Richards, Robert J Mitchell, Emma Kowal, John R Stephen, Lesley Williams, Wolfgang Haak, Alan Cooper
Aboriginal Australians represent one of the longest continuous cultural complexes known. Archaeological evidence indicates that Australia and New Guinea were initially settled approximately 50 thousand years ago (ka); however, little is known about the processes underlying the enormous linguistic and phenotypic diversity within Australia. Here we report 111 mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) from historical Aboriginal Australian hair samples, whose origins enable us to reconstruct Australian phylogeographic history before European settlement...
March 8, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273035/the-association-of-household-food-security-household-characteristics-and-school-environment-with-obesity-status-among-off-reserve-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-children-and-youth-in-canada-results-from-the-2012-aboriginal-peoples-survey
#10
Jasmin Bhawra, Martin J Cooke, Yanling Guo, Piotr Wilk
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous children are twice as likely to be classified as obese and three times as likely to experience household food insecurity when compared with non- Indigenous Canadian children. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between food insecurity and weight status among Métis and off-reserve First Nations children and youth across Canada. METHODS: We obtained data on children and youth aged 6 to 17 years (n = 6900) from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey...
March 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264029/the-epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-melioidosis-in-far-north-queensland-implications-for-patient-management
#11
James D Stewart, Simon Smith, Enzo Binotto, William J McBride, Bart J Currie, Josh Hanson
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology, clinical presentation and management of melioidosis vary around the world. It is essential to define the disease's local features to optimise its management. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Between 1998 and 2016 there were 197 cases of culture confirmed melioidosis in Far North Queensland; 154 (78%) presented in the December-April wet season. 145 (74%) patients were bacteraemic, 58 (29%) were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit and 27 (14%) died; nine (33%) of these deaths occurred within 48 hours of presentation...
March 6, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263705/contribution-of-aboriginal-community-controlled-health-services-to-improving-aboriginal-health-an-evidence-review
#12
Megan Ann Campbell, Jennifer Hunt, David J Scrimgeour, Maureen Davey, Victoria Jones
Objective Aboriginal Community-Controlled Health Services (ACCHSs) deliver comprehensive, culturally appropriate primary health care to Aboriginal people and communities. The published literature acknowledging and supporting the roles of ACCHSs in improving Aboriginal health is limited. This paper seeks to collate and analyse the published evidence supporting the contribution of ACCHSs to improving the health of Aboriginal people.Methods A conceptual framework for exploring the contribution of ACCHSs was developed, drawing on the literature on the core functions of ACCHSs and the components of quality primary health care...
March 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261117/psychotropic-medication-and-substance-use-during-pregnancy-by-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#13
Kate J Brameld, Assen Jablensky, Jenny Griffith, John Dean, Vera A Morgan
BACKGROUND: Sociodemographic factors, alcohol and drug intake, and maternal health are known to be associated with adverse outcomes in pregnancy for women with severe mental illness in addition to their use of psychotropic medication. In this study, we describe the demographic characteristics of women hospitalized for severe mental illness along with their use of medication and other drugs during the pregnancy period. METHODS: A clinical case note review of women with psychosis who were hospitalized at the State Psychiatric Hospital in Western Australia during 1966-1996, gave birth between 1980 and 1992, and received psychiatric treatment during the pregnancy period...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257613/indigenous-clients-intersecting-with-mainstream-nursing-a-reflection
#14
Scott Trueman
CONTEXT: Mental health care for Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in rural and remote locations is delivered primarily by nurses. Culturally safe therapeutic interventions can promote understanding and improve care. Reflective knowledge thinking, writing and practice can support nurses to practice cultural safety. ISSUES: Two instances of mental health care for Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients are described in this reflective piece of writing...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257200/antibacterial-nerol-cinnamates-from-the-australian-plant-eremophila-longifolia
#15
Savithri Galappathie, David J Edwards, Alysha G Elliott, Matthew A Cooper, Enzo A Palombo, Mark S Butler, Peter J Mahon
Two new antimicrobial agents, neryl ferulate (1) and neryl p-coumarate (2), were identified using bioassay-guided isolation from the leaves of Eremophila longifolia, which is a medicinal plant used by some Australian Aboriginal communities. Although gradual autoxidation of the nerol subunit hindered the initial attempts to purify and characterize 1 and 2, it was found that the autoxidation could be stopped through storage under argon at -20 °C. Biological evaluation showed that neryl ferulate (1) had moderate activity against various Gram-positive bacteria, while neryl p-coumarate (2) was active only against Enterococcus faecium...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249635/using-record-linkage-to-examine-testing-patterns-for-respiratory-viruses-among-children-born-in-western-australia
#16
F J Lim, C C Blyth, A D Keil, N DE Klerk, H C Moore
Changes in respiratory pathogen testing can affect disease burden estimates. Using linked data, we describe changes in respiratory virus testing among children born in Western Australia in 1996-2012. We extracted data on respiratory specimens from these children from birth to age 9 years. We estimated testing rates by age, year, Aboriginal status and geographical location. Predictors of testing among children hospitalised at least once before their 10th birthday were identified using logistic regression. We compared detection methods for respiratory viruses from nasal/nasopharyngeal (NP) specimens by age and year...
March 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245535/associations-between-advertising-recall-and-quitting-in-a-national-cohort-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smokers
#17
Anna Nicholson, Ron Borland, Jasmine Sarin, Pele Bennet, Maureen Davey, Anke Van der Sterren, Matthew Stevens, David Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245515/addressing-the-barriers-to-driver-licensing-for-aboriginal-people-in-new-south-wales-and-south-australia
#18
Kathleen Clapham, Kate Hunter, Patricia Cullen, Yvonne Helps, Teresa Senserrick, Jake Byrne, James E Harrison, Rebecca Q Ivers
OBJECTIVE: Low rates of driver licensing have been linked to increased risk of transport-related injury, and reduced access to health services, employment and educational opportunities in the Aboriginal population. This paper reports on how barriers to obtaining a driver licence are being addressed in four Aboriginal communities in New South Wales and South Australia. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected over a four-month period in 2013. Interviews with Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal stakeholders (n=31) and 11 focus groups with Aboriginal participants (n=46) were analysed thematically using a framework approach...
February 28, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243425/systematic-review-of-premenstrual-postmenstrual-and-infertility-disorders-of-vitex-agnus-castus
#19
REVIEW
Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Mino Movahedi
INTRODUCTION: Vitex agnus-castus, also called vitex is aboriginal to the Mediterranean region, with long leaves, tender stem, flowers and ripening seeds. The aim of this study was to overview premenstrual, postmenstrual and infertility disorder of Vitex agnus-castus. METHODS: This review article was carried out by searching studies in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and IranMedex databases. The initial search strategy identified about 87 references. In this study, 43 studies were accepted for further screening, and met all our inclusion criteria (in English, full text, therapeutic effects of Vitex agnus-castus and dated mainly from the year 2009 to 2016)...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239863/roaming-behaviour-of-dogs-in-four-remote-aboriginal-communities-in-the-northern-territory-australia-preliminary-investigations
#20
S Molloy, A Burleigh, S Dürr, M P Ward
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the home range (HR) and investigate the potential predictors for roaming of 58 dogs in four Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory. DESIGN: Prospective study. PROCEDURE: Global positioning system (GPS) collars were attached to the dogs for 1-4 days, recording location fixes every 1-3 min. Utilisation distributions (UDs) and extended (95% isopleth) and core (50% isopleth) HRs of dogs were determined. Potential predictors of roaming were assessed...
March 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
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