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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929416/from-consultation-to-application-practical-solutions-for-improving-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-for-adolescent-aboriginal-mothers-at-a-local-level
#1
Tracy Reibel, Paula Wyndow, Roz Walker
Adolescent pregnancy has been typically linked to a range of adverse outcomes for mother and child. In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women have a higher proportion of adolescent births compared with other adolescent Australian women, and are at greater risk of poorer psychosocial and clinical outcomes if they are not well supported during pregnancy and beyond. Drawing on existing literature and consultations with young Aboriginal women and health professionals supporting pregnant Aboriginal women in Western Australia, this paper discusses the importance of creating models of antenatal care using a "social determinants of health" framework...
December 6, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928502/improving-cardiovascular-outcomes-among-aboriginal-australians-lessons-from-research-for-primary-care
#2
Sandra C Thompson, Emma Haynes, John A Woods, Dawn C Bessarab, Lynette A Dimer, Marianne M Wood, Frank M Sanfilippo, Sandra J Hamilton, Judith M Katzenellenbogen
BACKGROUND: The Aboriginal people of Australia have much poorer health and social indicators and a substantial life expectancy gap compared to other Australians, with premature cardiovascular disease a major contributor to poorer health. This article draws on research undertaken to examine cardiovascular disparities and focuses on ways in which primary care practitioners can contribute to reducing cardiovascular disparities and improving Aboriginal health. METHODS: The overall research utilised mixed methods and included data analysis, interviews and group processes which included Aboriginal people, service providers and policymakers...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927669/getting-it-right-study-protocol-to-determine-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-culturally-specific-measure-to-screen-for-depression-in-aboriginal-and-or-torres-strait-islander-people
#3
Maree L Hackett, Sara Farnbach, Nick Glozier, Timothy Skinner, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Deborah Askew, Graham Gee, Alan Cass, Alex Brown
INTRODUCTION: A freely available, culturally valid depression screening tool is required for use by primary care services across Australia to screen for depression in Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander populations. This is the protocol for a study aiming to determine the validity, sensitivity and specificity of the culturally adapted 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (aPHQ-9). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Cross-sectional validation study. A total of 500 people who self-identify as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander, are ≥18 years of age, attending 1 of 10 primary healthcare services or service events across Australia and able to communicate sufficiently to answer study questions will be recruited...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927279/coproducing-aboriginal-patient-journey-mapping-tools-for-improved-quality-and-coordination-of-care
#4
Janet Kelly, Judith Dwyer, Tamara Mackean, Kim O'Donnell, Eileen Willis
This paper describes the rationale and process for developing a set of Aboriginal patient journey mapping tools with Aboriginal patients, health professionals, support workers, educators and researchers in the Managing Two Worlds Together project between 2008 and 2015. Aboriginal patients and their families from rural and remote areas, and healthcare providers in urban, rural and remote settings, shared their perceptions of the barriers and enablers to quality care in interviews and focus groups, and individual patient journey case studies were documented...
December 8, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923111/evaluation-of-a-pilot-school-based-physical-activity-challenge-for-primary-students
#5
E Passmore, C Donato-Hunt, L Maher, R Havrlant, K Hennessey, A Milat, L Farrell
Issue addressed: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour among children are growing public health concerns. The Culture Health Communities Activity Challenge (hereafter known as the Challenge) is a school-based pedometer program in which classes compete to achieve the highest class average daily steps in an 8-week period. The Challenge aims to encourage physical activity in primary school students, with a focus on engaging Aboriginal students. The program was piloted in 15 classes in New South Wales in 2014...
December 2, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920973/consumption-of-caffeinated-energy-drinks-among-youth-and-young-adults-in-canada
#6
Jessica L Reid, Cassondra McCrory, Christine M White, Chantal Martineau, Pat Vanderkooy, Nancy Fenton, David Hammond
The growing market for caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) has caused concern about excessive caffeine intake and potential adverse effects, particularly among young people. The current study examined patterns of CED consumption among youth and young adults in Canada, using data from a national online survey conducted in October 2014. Data from a non-probability sample of 2040 respondents aged 12-24 from a consumer panel was weighted to national proportions; measures of CED consumption were estimated, including prevalence, excessive daily consumption, and context for use (locations and reasons)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914688/systematic-review-of-rheumatic-disease-epidemiology-in-the-indigenous-populations-of-canada-the-united-states-australia-and-new-zealand
#7
REVIEW
Cairistin McDougall, Kelle Hurd, Cheryl Barnabe
OBJECTIVE: Past publications have highlighted an excess rheumatic disease incidence and prevalence in indigenous populations of Canada (First Nations, Inuit, and Métis), and the United States of America (Alaska Native and American Indian). We have updated these reviews and expanded the scope to include New Zealand (Maori) and Australia (Aborigine) indigenous populations. METHODS: We performed a broad search using medical literature databases, indigenous specific online indexes, and government websites to identify publications reporting the incidence and/or prevalence of arthritis conditions (rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathies, gout, osteoarthritis, systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis) in the indigenous populations of Canada, America, New Zealand, and Australia...
November 1, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914487/factors-affecting-job-satisfaction-of-aboriginal-mental-health-workers-working-in-community-mental-health-in-rural-and-remote-new-south-wales
#8
Catherine Cosgrave, Myfanwy Maple, Rafat Hussain
Objective The aim of the present study was to identify factors affecting the job satisfaction and subsequent retention of Aboriginal mental health workers (AMHWs).Methods Five AMHWs working in New South Wales (NSW) for NSW Health in rural and remote community mental health (CMH) services participated in in-depth, semi-structured interviews to understand how employment and rural living factors affected workers' decisions to stay or leave their CMH positions.Results Using a constructivist grounded theory analysis, three aspects negatively impacting the job satisfaction of AMHWs were identified: (1) difficulties being accepted into the team and organisation; (2) culturally specific work challenges; and (3) professional differences and inequality...
December 5, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909073/accuracy-of-outpatient-service-data-for-activity-based-funding-in-new-south-wales-australia
#9
Esther N Munyisia, David Reid, Ping Yu
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing research on activity-based funding (ABF), there is no empirical evidence on the accuracy of outpatient service data for payment. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify data entry errors affecting ABF in two drug and alcohol outpatient clinic services in Australia. METHODS: An audit was carried out on healthcare workers' (doctors, nurses, psychologists, social workers, counsellors, and aboriginal health education officers) data entry errors in an outpatient electronic documentation system...
December 1, 2016: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905923/navigating-the-journey-of-aboriginal-childhood-disability-a-qualitative-study-of-carers-interface-with-services
#10
Anna Green, Penelope Abbott, Patricia Delaney, Patrick Patradoon-Ho, John Delaney, Patricia Mary Davidson, Michelle DiGiacomo
BACKGROUND: The disadvantage experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children with a disability is well recognized. The long term consequences of failing to address disability on health, education and employment underlies the importance of early intervention. Caregivers experience a disproportionate burden and have challenges accessing services. The aim of this study was to describe the carer journey of accessing support and services. METHODS: We conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with nineteen parents and carers of Aboriginal children aged 0-8 years...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905207/ethnic-differences-in-risk-factors-of-acute-pancreatitis
#11
Ue-Cheung Ho, Chia-Fen Mu, Chao-Yu Hsu
OBJECTIVE: The ethnic difference in the risk factors of acute pancreatitis remains unknown. The objective of this study is to investigate the differences in the risk factors of acute pancreatitis between Taiwanese aborigines and nonaborigines. DESIGN: A retrospective study of 622 patients with acute pancreatitis admitted to our hospital (Puli Christian Hospital) from 2006 to 2014. The risk factors and biochemical properties of acute pancreatitis were comapred between aborgines and nonaborgines...
December 1, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904152/mitochondrial-dna-diversity-of-present-day-aboriginal-australians-and-implications-for-human-evolution-in-oceania
#12
Nano Nagle, Kaye N Ballantyne, Mannis van Oven, Chris Tyler-Smith, Yali Xue, Stephen Wilcox, Leah Wilcox, Rust Turkalov, Roland A H van Oorschot, Sheila van Holst Pellekaan, Theodore G Schurr, Peter McAllister, Lesley Williams, Manfred Kayser, R John Mitchell
Aboriginal Australians are one of the more poorly studied populations from the standpoint of human evolution and genetic diversity. Thus, to investigate their genetic diversity, the possible date of their ancestors' arrival and their relationships with neighboring populations, we analyzed mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) diversity in a large sample of Aboriginal Australians. Selected mtDNA single-nucleotide polymorphisms and the hypervariable segment haplotypes were analyzed in 594 Aboriginal Australians drawn from locations across the continent, chiefly from regions not previously sampled...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888837/changes-in-the-profile-of-australians-in-77-residential-aged-care-facilities-across-new-south-wales-and-the-australian-capital-territory
#13
Robert Borotkanics, Cassandra Rowe, Andrew Georgiou, Heather Douglas, Meredith Makeham, Johanna Westbrook
Objective Government expenditure on and the number of aged care facilities in Australia have increased consistently since 1995. As a result, a range of aged care policy changes have been implemented. Data on demographics and utilisation are important in determining the effects of policy on residential aged care services. Yet, there are surprisingly few statistical summaries in the peer-reviewed literature on the profile of Australian aged care residents or trends in service utilisation. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to characterise the demographic profile and utilisation of a large cohort of residential aged care residents, including trends over a 3-year period...
November 28, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887580/factors-associated-with-difficulty-accessing-health-care-for-infants-in-canada-mothers-reports-from-the-cross-sectional-maternity-experiences-survey
#14
Alisa D Brandon, Christy Costanian, Manal F El Sayed, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: Approximately 13% of Canadian mothers report difficulty accessing health care for their infants, yet little is known about the factors associated with difficulty. Therefore, we examined factors associated with difficulty accessing non-routine health care for Canadian infants, from birth to 14 months of age, as reported by their mothers. METHODS: Data was drawn from the Maternity Experiences Survey (MES), a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey of mothers who gave birth between November 2005 and May 2006, aged 15 years or older, and lived with their infants at the time of survey administration...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881792/estimates-of-radiation-doses-to-the-skin-for-people-camped-at-wallatinna-during-the-uk-totem-1-atomic-weapons-test
#15
G A Williams, R S O'Brien, M Grzechnik, K N Wise
A group of Aboriginal people was camped at Wallatinna in South Australia, ~170 km downwind from Emu Field, where an atomic test (the Totem 1 test) was carried out at 07.00 on 15 October 1953 local time (21.30 on 14 October 1953 GMT (Greenwich Mean Time)). They left the camp ~24 hours later. These people stated that a phenomenon that has become known as a 'black mist' rolled through their camp site ~5 hours after detonation and that some of them subsequently became sick, displaying skin reddening and nausea...
November 23, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878418/factors-associated-with-current-smoking-among-off-reserve-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-youth-results-from-the-2012-aboriginal-peoples-survey
#16
Christopher Ryan, Scott Leatherdale, Martin Cooke
First Nations and Métis, two of Canada's constitutionally recognized Indigenous groups, suffer from poorer overall health than non-Indigenous Canadians. Current smoking, a known predictor of chronic health conditions, is close to twice as prevalent among Indigenous youth as it is among non-Indigenous Canadian youth. However, little population-level research has examined the correlates of current smoking among this population. Guided by a health framework centered on Indigenous-specific determinants, we used data from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey to examine the correlates of current smoking among First Nations and Métis youth aged 15-17 years living outside of First Nations reserves...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876203/impact-of-the-national-targeted-hepatitis-a-immunisation-program-in-australia-2000-2014
#17
Craig Thompson, Aditi Dey, Emily Fearnley, Benjamin Polkinghorne, Frank Beard
In November 2005, hepatitis A vaccine was funded under the Australian National Immunisation Program for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) children aged 12-24months in the targeted jurisdictions of Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. We reviewed the epidemiology of hepatitis A from 2000 to 2014 using data from the Australian National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, the National Hospital Morbidity Database, and Australian Bureau of Statistics causes-of-death data...
November 18, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876026/spatial-suicide-clusters-in-australia-between-2010-and-2012-a-comparison-of-cluster-and-non-cluster-among-young-people-and-adults
#18
Jo Robinson, Lay San Too, Jane Pirkis, Matthew J Spittal
BACKGROUND: A suicide cluster has been defined as a group of suicides that occur closer together in time and space than would normally be expected. We aimed to examine the extent to which suicide clusters exist among young people and adults in Australia and to determine whether differences exist between cluster and non-cluster suicides. METHODS: Suicide data were obtained from the National Coronial Information System for the period 2010 and 2012. Data on date of death, postcode, age at the time of death, sex, suicide method, ICD-10 code for cause of death, marital status, employment status, and aboriginality were retrieved...
November 22, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871254/familial-aggregation-of-albuminuria-and-arterial-hypertension-in-an-aboriginal-australian-community-and-the-contribution-of-variants-in-ace-and-tp53
#19
David L Duffy, Stephen P McDonald, Beverley Hayhurst, Sianna Panagiotopoulos, Trudy J Smith, Xing L Wang, David E Wilcken, Natalia L Duarte, John Mathews, Wendy E Hoy
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal Australians are at high risk of cardiovascular, metabolic and renal diseases, resulting in a marked reduction in life expectancy when compared to the rest of the Australian population. This is partly due to recognized environmental and lifestyle risk factors, but a contribution of genetic susceptibility is also likely. METHODS: Using results from a comprehensive survey of one community (N = 1350 examined individuals), we have tested for familial aggregation of plasma glucose, arterial blood pressure, albuminuria (measured as urinary albumin to creatinine ratio, UACR) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and quantified the contribution of variation at four candidate genes (ACE; TP53; ENOS3; MTHFR)...
November 21, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871180/prescription-opioid-prescribing-use-misuse-harms-and-treatment-among-aboriginal-people-in-canada-a-narrative-review-of-available-data-and-indicators
#20
Cayley Russell, Michelle Firestone, Len Kelly, Christopher Mushquash, Benedikt Fischer
INTRODUCTION: Prescription opioid (PO) misuse and related harms are high in Canada, and a major public health challenge. In Canada, 1.4 million individuals (4.3% of the total population) self-identify as Aboriginal, among whom substance use and related harms are elevated. While there are reports of PO use and associated problems among Aboriginal groups, no comprehensive data review currently exists. METHODS: A review of available data sources (ie journal publications, public reports and 'grey' literature) was conducted following principles of a scoping review...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
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