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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245188/the-unmet-needs-of-aboriginal-australians-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#1
Ivan B Lin, Samantha Bunzli, Donna B Mak, Charmaine Green, Roger Goucke, Juli Coffin, Peter B O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) conditions are the biggest cause of disability and internationally, Indigenous peoples experience a higher burden. There are conflicting reports about Aboriginal Australians and MSP. We conducted a systematic review to describe the prevalence, associated factors, impacts, care access, health care experiences, and factors associated with MSP among Aboriginal Australians. METHODS: A systematic search of quantitative and qualitative scientific and grey literature (PROSPERO number: CRD42016038342)...
December 15, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237437/the-impact-of-a-community-led-program-promoting-weight-loss-and-healthy-living-in-aboriginal-communities-the-new-south-wales-knockout-health-challenge
#2
Erin Passmore, Brooke Shepherd, Andrew Milat, Louise Maher, Kiel Hennessey, Rachael Havrlant, Michelle Maxwell, Wendy Hodge, Fiona Christian, Justin Richards, Jo Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people in Australia experience significant health burden from chronic disease. There has been limited research to identify effective healthy lifestyle programs to address risk factors for chronic disease among Aboriginal people. METHODS: The Knockout Health Challenge is a community-led healthy lifestyle program for Aboriginal communities across New South Wales, Australia. An evaluation of the 2013 Knockout Health Challenge was undertaken. Participants' self-reported physical activity and diet were measured at four time points - at the start and end of the Challenge (via paper form), and 5 and 9 months after the Challenge (via telephone survey)...
December 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235701/relation-of-child-caregiver-and-environmental-characteristics-to-childhood-injury-in-an-urban-aboriginal-cohort-in-new-south-wales-australia
#3
Katherine Thurber, Leonie Burgess, Kathleen Falster, Emily Banks, Holger Möller, Rebecca Ivers, Chris Cowell, Vivian Isaac, Deanna Kalucy, Peter Fernando, Cheryl Woodall, Kathleen Clapham
OBJECTIVE: Despite being disproportionately affected by injury, little is known about factors associated with injury in Aboriginal children. We investigated factors associated with injury among urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: We examined characteristics of caregiver-reported child injury, and calculated prevalence ratios of 'ever-injury' by child, family, and environmental factors...
December 13, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232978/primary-health-care-reform-dilemmatic-space-and-risk-of-burnout-among-health-workers
#4
Toby Freeman, Fran Baum, Ronald Labonté, Sara Javanparast, Angela Lawless
Health system changes may increase primary health care workers' dilemmatic space, created when reforms contravene professional values. Dilemmatic space may be a risk factor for burnout. This study partnered with six Australian primary health care services (in South Australia: four state government-managed services including one Aboriginal health team and one non-government organisation and in Northern Territory: one Aboriginal community-controlled service) during a period of change and examined workers' dilemmatic space and incidence of burnout...
February 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221788/differential-prevalence-of-hematuria-and-proteinuria-with-socio-demographic-factors-among-school-children-in-hualien-taiwan
#5
Ming-Chun Chen, Jen-Hung Wang, Chia-Hsiang Chu, Ching-Feng Cheng
BACKGROUND: Pediatric hematuria/proteinuria is a risk factor for chronic kidney disease in later life, and school urinary screening can detect asymptomatic glomerulonephritis in the early stage. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hematuria/proteinuria and its association with different socio-demographic factors among school children in 2013 in Hualien, Taiwan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among first, fourth, and seventh graders. Health examination results and urinalysis data were analyzed...
November 21, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219932/cuticular-drusen-in-an-indigenous-australian
#6
William J Cunningham, Chandrakumar Balaratnasingam, Yi Chen, Fred K Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To report a case of cuticular drusen in an indigenous Australian. METHODS: A 37-year-old indigenous (aboriginal) Australian woman from a remote Western Australian town presented with a 2-month history of vision loss. Clinical history, examination, and multimodal retinal imaging data from spectral domain optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, and indocyanine green angiography were analyzed. RESULTS: Multimodal imaging confirmed cuticular drusen complicated by a right choroidal neovascularization with pigment epithelial detachment and a left foveal vitelliform lesion...
December 5, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215301/the-positioning-of-aboriginal-students-and-their-languages-within-australia-s-education-system-a-human-rights-perspective
#7
Leonard A Freeman, Bea Staley
This paper is a critical review of past and present languages policies in Australian schooling. We highlight the One Literacy movement that contravenes the human rights of Australia's Aboriginal students. This in turn impacts students' right to freedom of opinion and expression as stated in Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The One Literacy movement operates by equating Standard Australian English literacy acquisition with Australia's global competitiveness and economic success. There is only one pathway through the Australian English curriculum with common assessments and standards...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215084/variants-of-alpk1-with-abcg2-slc2a9-and-slc22a12-increased-the-positive-predictive-value-for-gout
#8
Hung-Pin Tu, Albert Min-Shan Ko, Su-Shin Lee, Chi-Pin Lee, Tzer-Min Kuo, Chung-Ming Huang, Ying-Chin Ko
We investigated the interactions of ALPK1 variants and the loci of ABCG2, SLC2A9, and SLC22A12 on gout risk. We conducted two case-control studies. Participants were recruited from hospitals (n = 410; 104 gout cases and 306 controls) and communities (n = 678; 373 gout cases and 305 controls) in Taiwan. The genotypes of ALPK1 (rs11726117 M861T, rs231247 R1084R, and rs231253 3' UTR), ABCG2 (rs2231142 Q141K and rs2231137 V12M), SLC2A9 (rs3733591 R265H and rs1014290), and SLC22A12 (rs3825016 H86H, rs11231825 H142H, and rs475688) were genotyped...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208060/pertussis-epidemiology-prior-to-the-introduction-of-a-maternal-vaccination-program-queensland-australia
#9
L McHugh, K A Viney, R M Andrews, S B Lambert
Pertussis morbidity is highest in infants too young to be fully protected by routine vaccination schedules. Alternate vaccine strategies are required to maximise protection in this age-group. To understand baseline pertussis epidemiology prior to the introduction of the maternal pertussis vaccination program in 2014, we conducted a retrospective case series analyses of 53 901 notifications and temporal trends from 1997 to 2014. Notifications were highest in infants younger than 4 months of age and highest annual notification rates in infants younger than 1 month of age (308/100 000 per year)...
December 6, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208008/-i-just-feel-comfortable-out-here-there-s-something-about-the-place-staff-and-client-perceptions-of-a-remote-australian-aboriginal-drug-and-alcohol-rehabilitation-service
#10
Alice Munro, Julaine Allan, Anthony Shakeshaft, Courtney Breen
BACKGROUND: The need for effective, culturally safe residential rehabilitation services for Aboriginal people is widely acknowledged, however the combination of treatment components that is optimally effective, is not well defined. Most existing Aboriginal residential rehabilitation research has focused on describing client characteristics, and largely ignored the impact of treatment and service factors, such as the nature and quality of therapeutic components and relationships with staff...
December 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207288/adaptation-and-pretesting-of-the-college-persistence-questionnaire-v3-short-form-for-measuring-intention-to-persist-among-aboriginal-diploma-of-nursing-students
#11
Judith D Pugh, Jennifer H Cramer, Susan Slatyer, Diane E Twigg, Melanie Robinson
BACKGROUND: Culturally appropriate health care delivery is essential to improve health outcomes for Aboriginal peoples. There is a shortage of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nurses partly due to disproportionately high non-completion rates among tertiary sector students. The College Persistence Questionnaire V3 (Short Form) provides scales for gauging major predictors of retention. OBJECTIVE: To adapt an instrument for measuring intention to persist among Aboriginal Diploma of Nursing students...
November 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198191/diet-and-anthropometry-at-2-years-of-age-following-an-oral-health-promotion-programme-for-australian-aboriginal-children-and-their-carers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Lisa G Smithers, John Lynch, Joanne Hedges, Lisa M Jamieson
There are marked disparities between indigenous and non-indigenous children's diets and oral health. Both diet and oral health are linked to longer-term health problems. We aimed to investigate whether a culturally appropriate multi-faceted oral health promotion intervention reduced Aboriginal children's intake of sugars from discretionary foods at 2 years of age. We conducted a single-blind, parallel-arm randomised controlled trial involving women who were pregnant or had given birth to an Aboriginal child in the previous 6 weeks...
December 4, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190667/hospital-admissions-for-skin-infections-among-western-australian-children-and-adolescents-from-1996-to-2012
#13
Tasnim Abdalla, David Hendrickx, Parveen Fathima, Roz Walker, Christopher C Blyth, Jonathan R Carapetis, Asha C Bowen, Hannah C Moore
The objective of this study was to describe the occurrence of skin infection associated hospitalizations in children born in Western Australia (WA). We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all children born in WA between 1996 and 2012 (n = 469,589). Of these, 31,348 (6.7%) were Aboriginal and 240,237 (51.2%) were boys. We report the annual age-specific hospital admission rates by geographical location and diagnostic category. We applied log-linear regression modelling to analyse changes in temporal trends of hospitalizations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187397/the-spirochete-brachyspira-pilosicoli-enteric-pathogen-of-animals-and-humans
#14
REVIEW
David J Hampson
Brachyspira pilosicoli is a slow-growing anaerobic spirochete that colonizes the large intestine. Colonization occurs commonly in pigs and adult chickens, causing colitis/typhlitis, diarrhea, poor growth rates, and reduced production. Colonization of humans also is common in some populations (individuals living in village and peri-urban settings in developing countries, recent immigrants from developing countries, homosexual males, and HIV-positive patients), but the spirochete rarely is investigated as a potential human enteric pathogen...
January 2018: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187170/correction-to-the-cedar-project-using-indigenous-specific-determinants-of-health-to-predict-substance-use-among-young-pregnant-involved-indigenous-women-in-canada
#15
Sana Z Shahram, Joan L Bottorff, Nelly D Oelke, Leanne Dahlgren, Victoria Thomas, Patricia M Spittal
After publication of the original article (1) it was noted that the title of this manuscript was incorrect. The title presently reads "The cedar project: using indigenous-specific determinants of health to predict substance use among young pregnant-involved aboriginal women" but should read "The Cedar Project: Using Indigenous-specific determinants of health to predict substance use among young pregnant-involved Indigenous women in Canada".
November 29, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187141/experiences-and-needs-of-carers-of-aboriginal-children-with-a-disability-a-qualitative-study
#16
Michelle DiGiacomo, Anna Green, Patricia Delaney, John Delaney, Patrick Patradoon-Ho, Patricia Mary Davidson, Penelope Abbott
BACKGROUND: Australian parents/carers of a person with a disability experience higher rates of depression, more financial stress, and are twice as likely to be in poor physical health than the general population. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples experience worse health, social and economic outcomes than other Australians, and those with a disability face 'double disadvantage'. This study aimed to better understand the experiences and needs of parents/carers/families of Aboriginal children with a disability...
November 29, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182411/interprofessional-teamwork-in-comprehensive-primary-healthcare-services-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Michael Bentley, Toby Freeman, Fran Baum, Sara Javanparast
This article draws on data from a 5-year project that examined the effectiveness of Comprehensive primary healthcare (CPHC) in local communities. A hallmark of CPHC services is interprofessional teamwork. Drawing from this study, our article presents factors that enabled, or hindered, healthcare teams working interprofessionally in Australian primary healthcare (PHC) services. The article reports on the experiences of teams working in six Australian PHC services (four managed by state governments, one non-government sexual health organisation, and one Aboriginal community-controlled health service) during a time of significant health sector restructure...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182072/aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-fellow-and-trainee-forum
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173960/face-to-face-communication-between-patients-and-family-physicians-in-canada-a-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
Alana Armas, Samantha B Meyer, Kitty K Corbett, Alex R Pearce
OBJECTIVE: Patient-provider communication is critical in primary care. Canada's unique health system, population distribution, and cultural context suggest there is value in addressing the topic in the Canadian context. We conducted a scoping review to synthesize recent Canadian literature to inform practice in primary care settings and identify research agendas for patient-provider communication in Canada. METHODS: Using Arksey and O'Malley's framework we searched four literature databases: Medline, Web of Science, CINAHL and EMBASE...
November 20, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169296/blackfullas-in-ivory-towers-referenced-reflections-of-a-bundjalung-graduate-nurse
#20
Edward Gorman
Indigenous students remain an underrepresented population in tertiary education. Increasing Indigenous representation is a key element in the breaking down of barriers, ensuring workforces under various disciplines, but especially health disciplines, are culturally capable and safe, and in turn improve health and education outcomes for Indigenous peoples. However, to achieve this relies heavily on listening to and responding to the voice of Indigenous Peoples to shape learning content and support structures in tertiary education...
November 23, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
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