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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470475/putting-action-into-the-revised-australian-medical-council-standards-on-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-and-m%C3%A4-ori-health
#1
Shannon Springer, Suzanne Pitama, Kate Leslie, Shaun Ewen
Since 2006 the Australian Medical Council (AMC) accreditation standards have required medical schools to comprehensively address issues related to the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia, and Māori in New Zealand. This has spanned areas of staff expertise, staff and student recruitment, curriculum and institutional leadership. These Indigenous specific standards have, until now, been absent for specialist medical college accreditation. The AMC revised its accreditation standards for specialist medical colleges in 2015, and for the first time included Indigenous specific standards...
February 23, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463112/prevalence-of-obesity-and-diabetes-in-the-socioeconomic-transition-of-rural-mayas-of-yucatan-from-1962-to-2000
#2
Alvar Loria, Pedro Arroyo, Victoria Fernandez, Jeanette Pardio, Hugo Laviada
BACKGROUND: The Mayas of the State of Yucatan in Mexico are the only aboriginal group with obesity and diabetes data before 1997. OBJECTIVE: To analyze socioeconomic trends associated with the increase in obesity and diabetes seen in rural Yucatan from 1962 to 2000. METHODS: Body weight, height and venous Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG) were measured in 263 rural Maya adults participating in a 2000 nutrition survey. RESULTS: Diabetes (FBG > 125 mg/dL) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 ) were 10...
February 20, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459062/cost-effectiveness-of-a-potential-vaccine-candidate-for-haemophilus-influenzae-serotype-a
#3
Affan Shoukat, Robert Van Exan, Seyed M Moghadas
The preceding decade has witnessed the emergence of severe community-acquired acute infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae serotype a (Hia), with alarming incidence rates in North America, particularly among indigenous populations. The remarkable success of Hib conjugate vaccine over the past 20 years signify the development of an Hia vaccine candidate as a prevention measure to reduce the incidence of invasive Hia disease. However, quantifications of the long-term epidemiologic and economic impacts of vaccination are needed to inform decision on investment in Hia vaccine development and immunization programs...
February 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454071/hla-in-north-colombia-chimila-amerindians
#4
Antonio Arnaiz-Villena, Jose Palacio-Grüber, Ignacio Juarez, Ennio Hernández, Ester Muñiz, Brayan Bayona, Cristina Campos, Jorge Nieto, Manuel Martin-Villa, Carlos Silvera
HLA-A,-B,-C-DRB1 and -DQB1 alleles have been studied in Chimila Amerindians from Sabana de San Angel (North Colombian Coast) by using high resolution molecular typing.A frequent extended haplotype was found:HLA-A∗24:02-B∗51:10-C∗15:02-BRB1∗04:07-DQB1∗03:02 (28.7%) which has also been described in Amerinndian Mayos Mexican population (Mexico,California Gulf,Pacific Ocean),Other haplotypae had already been found in Amerindians from Mexico (Pacific and Atlantic Coast),Peru (highlands and Amazon Basin),Bolivia and North USA...
February 14, 2018: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447270/correction-hospitalizations-due-to-unintentional-transport-injuries-among-aboriginal-population-of-british-columbia-canada-incidence-changes-over-time-and-ecological-analysis-of-risk-markers
#5
Mariana Brussoni, M Anne George, Andrew Jin, Ofer Amram, Rod McCormick, Christopher E Lalonde
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191384.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443892/an-exploration-of-underrepresentation-of-aboriginal-cancer-patients-attending-a-regional-radiotherapy-service-in-western-australia
#6
Marilyn Lyford, Margaret M Haigh, Siddhartha Baxi, Shelley Cheetham, Shaouli Shahid, Sandra C Thompson
Travel logistics impede Aboriginal patients' uptake of cancer treatments and is one reason for the poorer outcomes of Aboriginal people with cancer. This research examined benefits of a newly established rurally based radiotherapy unit in southwest Western Australia (WA), and included exploring the experience of Aboriginal patients and possible reasons for Aboriginal people's underrepresentation in treatment. Semi-structured in-depth interviews with 21 service providers involved in the treatment and care of people with cancer, and 3 Aboriginal patients with cancer who undertook radiotherapy at the Service were undertaken...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442406/supporting-youth-wellbeing-with-a-focus-on-eating-well-and-being-active-views-from-an-aboriginal-community-deliberative-forum
#7
Jackie Street, Heather Cox, Edilene Lopes, Jessie Motlik, Lisa Hanson
OBJECTIVE: Including and prioritising community voice in policy development means policy is more likely to reflect community values and priorities. This project trialled and evaluated a storyboard approach in a deliberative community forum to engage Australian Aboriginal people in health policy priority setting. METHODS: The forum was co-constructed with two Aboriginal community-controlled organisations. A circle storyboard was used to centre Aboriginal community knowledge and values and encourage the group to engage with broader perspectives and evidence...
February 14, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442395/paediatric-thoracic-empyema-in-the-tropical-north-queensland-region-of-australia-epidemiological-trends-over-a-decade
#8
Anil Gautam, Gregory G Wiseman, Marika L Goodman, Simon Ahmedpour, Daniel Lindsay, Adele Heyer, Harry Stalewski, Robert E Norton, Andrew V White
AIM: The Townsville Hospital and Health Service is the regional referral centre for children in the north of Queensland. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) people make up 7-10% of the population. Increasing numbers of children with paediatric thoracic empyema (pTE) are being referred to Townsville Hospital and Health Service for management. This study aims to describe the incidence rates, epidemiology, microbiology and trends of this disease in North Queensland over a 10-year period...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440236/the-consequences-of-patient-charges-for-prescription-drugs-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Michael R Law, Lucy Cheng, Ashra Kolhatkar, Laurie J Goldsmith, Steven G Morgan, Anne M Holbrook, Irfan A Dhalla
BACKGROUND: Many Canadians face substantial out-of-pocket charges for prescription drugs. Prior work suggests that this causes some patients to not take their medications as prescribed; however, we have little understanding of whether charges for prescription medicines lead patients to forego basic needs or to use more health care services. Our study aimed to quantify the consequences of patient charges for medicines in Canada. METHODS: As part of the 2016 Canadian Community Health Survey, we designed and fielded cross-sectional questions to 28 091 Canadians regarding prescription drug affordability, consequent use of health care services and trade-offs with other expenditures...
February 5, 2018: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440216/fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-and-youth-justice-a-prevalence-study-among-young-people-sentenced-to-detention-in-western-australia
#10
Carol Bower, Rochelle E Watkins, Raewyn C Mutch, Rhonda Marriott, Jacinta Freeman, Natalie R Kippin, Bernadette Safe, Carmela Pestell, Candy S C Cheung, Helen Shield, Lodewicka Tarratt, Alex Springall, Jasmine Taylor, Noni Walker, Emma Argiro, Suze Leitão, Sharynne Hamilton, Carmen Condon, Hayley M Passmore, Roslyn Giglia
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) among young people in youth detention in Australia. Neurodevelopmental impairments due to FASD can predispose young people to engagement with the law. Canadian studies identified FASD in 11%-23% of young people in corrective services, but there are no data for Australia. DESIGN: Multidisciplinary assessment of all young people aged 10-17 years 11 months and sentenced to detention in the only youth detention centre in Western Australia, from May 2015 to December 2016...
February 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439924/canada-s-evacuation-policy-for-pregnant-first-nations-women-resignation-resilience-and-resistance
#11
Karen M Lawford, Audrey R Giles, Ivy L Bourgeault
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal peoples in Canada are comprised of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit. Health care services for First Nations who live on rural and remote reserves are mostly provided by the Government of Canada through the federal department, Health Canada. One Health Canada policy, the evacuation policy, requires all First Nations women living on rural and remote reserves to leave their communities between 36 and 38 weeks gestational age and travel to urban centres to await labour and birth...
February 10, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436176/exploring-the-impact-of-aboriginal-health-placement-experiences-on-the-preparation-of-dietetic-graduates-for-practice-with-aboriginal-communities
#12
Ruby Svarc, Corinne Davis, Helena McDonald, Julia Perruzza, Jennifer Browne, Robyn Delbridge, Keith Morgan, Sharleen O'Reilly, Claire Margerison, Claire Palermo
AIM: A health workforce with the ability to practice with Aboriginal communities is crucial to bridge the health gap between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians. This study aimed to explore the impact of university Aboriginal health placements on preparing dietetic graduates for practice with Aboriginal communities. METHODS: A mixed methods sequential explanatory design was used. A sample of 594 dietetic graduates was invited to complete a survey that identified Aboriginal health experiences and measured attitudes and self-confidence towards working in Aboriginal health using a five-point Likert scale...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427107/origins-and-spread-of-machado-joseph-disease-ancestral-mutations-events
#13
Sandra Martins, Jorge Sequeiros
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is the most common autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia reported worldwide, but it shows marked geographic differences in prevalence. The study of ancestral origins and spreading routes of MJD mutational events has contributed to explain such differences. During human evolution, at least two independent de novo MJD expansions occurred in distinct haplotype backgrounds: TTACAC and GTGGCA (named Joseph and Machado lineages). The most ancient Joseph lineage, probably of Asian origin, has been introduced recently in Europe, where founder effects are responsible for the high MJD prevalence, as occurs in the Portuguese/Azorean island of Flores and Northeastern mainland...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423693/water-infrastructure-and-well-being-among-first-nations-m%C3%A3-tis-and-inuit-individuals-in-canada-what-does-the-data-tell-us
#14
Melanie O'Gorman, Stephen Penner
This paper documents the association between water and sanitation infrastructure and health indicators in Canada for First Nations, Métis and Inuit individuals living on and off-reserve in Canada. We use two data sources: the Aboriginal Peoples Survey and a survey conducted in a First Nations community in northern Manitoba-St. Theresa Point First Nation. We find statistically significant relationships between water infrastructure and health status in both sources of data. In particular, among individuals living off-reserve, contaminated water is associated with a 5-7% lower likelihood of reporting good self-rated health and a 4% higher probability of reporting a health condition or stomach problem...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420926/process-redesign-of-a-surgical-pathway-improves-access-to-cataract-surgery-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-in-south-east-queensland
#15
Lisa Penrose, Yvette Roe, Natalie A Johnson, Erica L James
The Institute for Urban Indigenous Health (IUIH) aimed to improve access to cataract surgery in urban South East Queensland (SEQ) for Indigenous Australians, without compromising clinical visual outcomes. The Penchansky and Levesque concept of access as the 'fit' between the patient's needs and the ability of the system to meet those needs was used to inform the redesign of the mainstream cataract surgical pathway. The IUIH staff and community stakeholders mapped the traditional external cataract surgical pathway and then innovatively redesigned it to reduce the number of patients being removed by the system at key transition points...
February 9, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415024/identifying-evidence-practice-gaps-and-strategies-for-improvement-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-maternal-health-care
#16
Melanie E Gibson-Helm, Jodie Bailie, Veronica Matthews, Alison F Laycock, Jacqueline A Boyle, Ross S Bailie
INTRODUCTION: Adverse pregnancy outcomes are more common among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations than non-Indigenous populations in Australia. Later in life, most of the difference in life expectancy between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and non-Indigenous women is due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Most Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women attend health services regularly during pregnancy. Providing high-quality care within these appointments has an important role to play in improving the current and future health of women and babies...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405370/diabetic-retinopathy-in-a-remote-indigenous-primary-healthcare-population-a-central-australian-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-study-in-the-telehealth-eye-and-associated-medical-services-network-project
#17
L Brazionis, A Jenkins, A Keech, C Ryan, A Brown, J Boffa, S Bursell
AIM: To determine diabetic retinopathy prevalence and severity among remote Indigenous Australians. METHODS: A cross-sectional diabetic retinopathy screening study of Indigenous adults with Type 2 diabetes was conducted by locally trained non-ophthalmic retinal imagers in a remote Aboriginal community-controlled primary healthcare clinic in Central Australia and certified non-ophthalmic graders in a retinal grading centre in Melbourne, Australia. The main outcome measure was prevalence of any diabetic retinopathy and sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy...
February 6, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392872/transformative-effects-of-aboriginal-health-placements-for-medical-nursing-and-allied-health-students-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Helena McDonald, Jennifer Browne, Julia Perruzza, Ruby Svarc, Corinne Davis, Karen Adams, Claire Palermo
The aim of the present systematic review was to investigate whether placements in Aboriginal health affect the self-perceived skill in working in Aboriginal health settings and career aspirations of health students, and in particular, aspects of the placement that had the greatest impact. The Embase, Cinahl, ProQuest, Scopus, Informit, Ovid MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and PubMed databases were searched in April/May 2016. Placements of at least 1 week duration in an Aboriginal health setting involving Australian students of medical, nursing, dentistry, or allied health disciplines, with outcomes relating to changes in students' knowledge, attitudes, and/or career aspirations, were included...
February 2, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391385/the-nice-gut-trial-protocol-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial-of-oral-nitazoxanide-for-the-empiric-treatment-of-acute-gastroenteritis-among-australian-aboriginal-children
#19
Claire S Waddington, Charlie McLeod, Peter Morris, Asha Bowen, Mark Naunton, Jonathan Carapetis, Keith Grimwood, Roy Robins-Browne, Carl D Kirkwood, Robert Baird, David Green, Ross Andrews, Deborah Fearon, Joshua Francis, Julie A Marsh, Thomas Snelling
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhoeal disease is the second leading cause of death in children under 5 years globally, killing 525 000 annually. Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (hereafter Aboriginal) children suffer a high burden of disease. Randomised trials in other populations suggest nitazoxanide accelerates recovery for children with Giardia, amoebiasis, Cryptosporidium, Rotavirus and Norovirus gastroenteritis, as well as in cases where no enteropathogens are found. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This double blind, 1:1 randomised, placebo controlled trial is investigating the impact of oral nitazoxanide on acute gastroenteritis in hospitalised Australian Aboriginal children aged 3 months to <5 years...
February 1, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391019/evaluation-of-the-deadly-liver-mob-program-insights-for-roll-out-and-scale-up-of-a-pilot-program-to-engage-aboriginal-australians-in-hepatitis-c-and-sexual-health-education-screening-and-care
#20
Carla Treloar, Max Hopwood, Elena Cama, Veronica Saunders, L Clair Jackson, Melinda Walker, Catriona Ooi, Ashley Ubrihien, James Ward
BACKGROUND: Deadly Liver Mob (DLM) is a peer-driven, incentivised health promotion program aimed at increasing understanding of hepatitis C, promoting harm reduction in relation to injecting drug use, and linking participants to screening for hepatitis C, other blood borne viruses and sexually transmissible infections among Aboriginal people in Western Sydney, NSW. This paper presents the evaluation of a pilot study examining the acceptability of the program as a first step of a scalability assessment...
February 1, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
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