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Vitamin B1

Henrika Wickström, Johan O Nyman, Mathias Indola, Heidi Sundelin, Leif Kronberg, Maren Preis, Jukka Rantanen, Niklas Sandler
Printing technologies were recently introduced to the pharmaceutical field for manufacturing of drug delivery systems. Printing allows on demand manufacturing of flexible pharmaceutical doses in a personalized manner, which is critical for a successful and safe treatment of patient populations with specific needs, such as children and the elderly, and patients facing multimorbidity. Printing of pharmaceuticals as technique generates new demands on the quality control procedures. For example, rapid quality control is needed as the printing can be done on demand and at the point of care...
October 13, 2016: AAPS PharmSciTech
Jeum Kyu Hong, Hyeon Ji Kim, Heesoo Jung, Hye Ji Yang, Do Hoon Kim, Chang Hyun Sung, Chang-Jin Park, Seog Won Chang
Bacterial wilt and grey mould in tomato plants are economically destructive bacterial and fungal diseases caused by Ralstonia solanacearum and Botrytis cinerea, respectively. Various approaches including chemical and biological controls have been attempted to arrest the tomato diseases so far. In this study, in vitro growths of bacterial R. solanacearum and fungal B. cinerea were evaluated using four different vitamins including thiamine (vitamin B1), niacin (vitamin B3), pyridoxine (vitamin B6), and menadione (vitamin K3)...
October 2016: Plant Pathology Journal
Ingun Ulstein, Thomas Bøhmer
Evidence supports an association between vitamin deficiencies and cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD). If vitamin deficiencies are causative for AD development, they should be detectable during very early stages of AD. Here we investigated nutritional factors among home-living patients diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or mild dementia due to AD, compared to healthy controls. Our study included 73 patients with AD (25 with MCI, 48 with dementia) and 63 cognitively intact age-matched controls...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Miwa Nagae, Martin Parniske, Masayoshi Kawaguchi, Naoya Takeda
Thiamine (vitamin B1) is essential for living organisms. Unlike animals, plants can synthesize thiamine. In Lotus japonicus, expression of two thiamine biosynthesis genes, THI1 and THIC, was enhanced by inoculation with rhizobia, but not by inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. THIC or THI2 (THI1 paralog) was expressed in uninoculated leaves. THI2-knockdown plants and the transposon insertion mutant thiC had chlorotic leaves. This typical phenotype of thiamine deficiency was rescued by an exogenous supply of thiamine...
October 4, 2016: Plant Physiology
Motomi Arai
This report concerns a case of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) with frequent treatment-dependent relapses. A 75-year-old male presented with a 2-month history of progressive weakness of the limbs with no sensory symptoms. Neurological examination revealed normal cranial nerves, MRC grade 4 power in the proximal and distal muscles of the limbs, and generalized areflexia. However, the sensory examination results, serum immunoelectrophoresis, anti-HIV antibody, and vitamins B1 and B12 levels were normal...
September 28, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Dorota Wirkus, Aleksandra Jakubus, Radosław Owczuk, Piotr Stepnowski, Monika Paszkiewicz
Continous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is particularly recommended for septic shock patients in intensive care units. The CRRT technique used most frequently is high volume continuous veno-venous haemofiltration. It provides a high rate of clearance of uremic toxins and inflammatory cytokines. However, it should also be taken into account that substances important for homeostasis may be concurrently unintentionally removed. Accordingly, water-soluble vitamins can be removed during continuous renal replacement therapy, and the estimate of the loss is critical to ensure appropriate supplementation...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Takashi Kuwahara, Shinya Kaneda, Kazuyuki Shimono
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that Candida albicans requires multivitamins (MVs) or lipid to increase rapidly in parenteral nutrition (PN) solutions. In this study, in detail, the effects of vitamins on the growth of C. albicans in PN solutions without lipid were investigated. METHODS: In the 1st experiment, a commercial PN solution without lipid was supplemented with water-soluble vitamins (SVs: vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12 and C, folic acid, nicotinamide, biotin and panthenol), water-insoluble vitamins (IVs: vitamins A, D, E and K) or both (MVs)...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Óscar Rodríguez, Wesley Gomes, Sueli Rodrigues, Fabiano A N Fernandes
The effects of the application of an acoustically assisted treatment on the vitamins (C, B1, B2, B3, and B5), the antioxidant activity (DPPH, FRAP), the polyphenol and flavonoid contents, the organic acid contents (citric and malic) and drying kinetics of pineapple (Ananas comosus var. Perola) have been studied. Treatments were carried out using two different soaking media: distilled water and pineapple juice at 30°C during 10, 20 and 30min without and with acoustic assistance (23.2W/L). After treatment, samples were dried at 60°C and 0...
September 7, 2016: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Folarin A Oguntoyinbo, Gyu-Sung Cho, Bernhard Trierweiler, Jan Kabisch, Niels Rösch, Horst Neve, Wilhelm Bockelmann, Lara Frommherz, Dennis S Nielsen, Lukasz Krych, Charles M A P Franz
Vegetables produced in Africa are sources of much needed micronutrients and fermentation is one way to enhance the shelf life of these perishable products. To prevent post-harvest losses and preserve African leafy vegetables, Lactobacillus plantarum BFE 5092 and Lactobacillus fermentum BFE 6620 starter strains were investigated for their application in fermentation of African kale (Brassica carinata) leaves. They were inoculated at 1×10(7)cfu/ml and grew to a maximum level of 10(8)cfu/ml during 24h submerged fermentation...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Dexiang Liu, Zunji Ke, Jia Luo
Thiamine (vitamin B1) is an essential nutrient and indispensable for normal growth and development of the organism due to its multilateral participation in key biochemical and physiological processes. Humans must obtain thiamine from their diet since it is synthesized only in bacteria, fungi, and plants. Thiamine deficiency (TD) can result from inadequate intake, increased requirement, excessive deletion, and chronic alcohol consumption. TD affects multiple organ systems, including the cardiovascular, muscular, gastrointestinal, and central and peripheral nervous systems...
September 5, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
B Maisch
The individual amount of alcohol consumed acutely or chronically decides on harm or benefit to a person's health. Available data suggest that one to two drinks in men and one drink in women will benefit the cardiovascular system over time, one drink being 17.6 ml 100 % alcohol. Moderate drinking can reduce the incidence and mortality of coronary artery disease, heart failure, diabetes, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. More than this amount can lead to alcoholic cardiomyopathy, which is defined as alcohol toxicity to the heart muscle itself by ethanol and its metabolites...
September 2016: Herz
Hiroyoshi Inaba, Takuya Kishimoto, Satoru Oishi, Kan Nagata, Shunsuke Hasegawa, Tamae Watanabe, Satoshi Kida
Patients with severe Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) associated with vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency (TD) show enduring impairment of memory formation. The mechanisms of memory impairment induced by TD remain unknown. Here, we show that hippocampal degeneration is a potential microendophenotype (an endophenotype of brain disease at the cellular and synaptic levels) of WKS in pyrithiamine-induced thiamine deficiency (PTD) mice, a rodent model of WKS. PTD mice show deficits in the hippocampus-dependent memory formation, although they show normal hippocampus-independent memory...
December 2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Babak Vahdatpour, Abolghasem Kiyani, Farnaz Dehghan
BACKGROUND: The carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common neuropathy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a new and noninvasive treatment including extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in the treatment of CTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a clinical trial conducted on 60 patients with moderate CTS in selected health centers of Isfahan Medical University from November 2014 to April 2015. Patients with CTS were randomly divided into two groups...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
J-Y Lee, C Shin, I Baik
BACKGROUND: There are few studies on the association between nutrient intake and telomere length, which may reflect cumulative oxidative stress and indicate biological ageing. In the present study, we evaluated longitudinal associations between the consumption of micronutrients, including antioxidant nutrients and B vitamins involved in one-carbon transfer pathways, and leukocyte telomere length (LTL). METHODS: The study included 1958 middle-aged and older Korean men and women (age range at baseline: 40-69 years) from a population-based cohort...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
B C McGorum, R C Jago, E Cillan-Garcia, R S Pirie, J A Keen, R J M Reardon, P Y Saffu, N J Miller
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of equine grass sickness (EGS) is currently unknown. We hypothesised that an acute deficiency of niacin (vitamin B3), which plays a key role in neural homeostasis, may contribute to neurodegeneration in EGS. Niacin deficiency can potentially result from ingestion of niacin antagonists produced by pasture mycotoxigenic fungi. OBJECTIVES: To compare the niacin status of EGS and control grazing horses. A secondary objective was to compare blood concentrations of vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in EGS and control grazing horses to determine if the status of these vitamins was altered in EGS...
August 16, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
Nicholas A Cellar, Sean C McClure, Louis M Salvati, Todime M Reddy
An improved method was developed for simultaneous determination of the fortified forms of thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), nicotinamide and nicotinic acid (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), biotin (B7), and folic acid (B9) in infant formulas and related nutritionals. The method employed a simple, effective, and rapid sample preparation followed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). It improved upon previous methodologies by offering facile and rugged sample preparation with improved chromatographic conditions, which culminated in a highly accurate and precise method for water-soluble vitamin determination in a wide range of formulas...
August 31, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Antonio Costantini, Tiziana Laureti, Maria Immacolata Pala, Marco Colangeli, Simona Cavalieri, Elisa Pozzi, Alfredo Brusco, Sandro Salvarani, Carlo Serrati, Roberto Fancellu
Thiamine (vitamin B1) is a cofactor of fundamental enzymes of cell energetic metabolism; its deficiency causes disorders affecting both the peripheral and central nervous system. Previous studies reported low thiamine levels in cerebrospinal fluid and pyruvate dehydrogenase dysfunction in Friedreich ataxia (FRDA). We investigated the effect of long-term treatment with thiamine in FRDA, evaluating changes in neurological symptoms, echocardiographic parameters, and plasma FXN mRNA levels. Thirty-four consecutive FRDA patients have been continuously treated with intramuscular thiamine 100 mg twice a week and have been assessed with the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) at baseline, after 1 month, and then every 3 months during treatment...
November 2016: Journal of Neurology
D R Monteverde, L Gómez-Consarnau, C Suffridge, S A Sañudo-Wilhelmy
Coenzymes are essential across all domains of life. B vitamins (B1 -thiamin, B2 -riboflavin, B3 -niacin, B5 -pantothenate, B6 -pyridoxine, B7 -biotin, and B12 -cobalamin) represent the largest class of coenzymes, which participate in a diverse set of reactions including C1 -rearrangements, DNA repair, electron transfer, and fatty acid synthesis. B vitamin structures range from simple to complex heterocycles, yet, despite this complexity, multiple lines of evidence exist for their ancient origins including abiotic synthesis under putative early Earth conditions and/or meteorite transport...
July 31, 2016: Geobiology
Katie A Edwards, Woo Jin Seog, Lu Han, Seth Feder, Clifford E Kraft, Antje J Baeumner
Although antibodies and aptamers are commonly used bioaffinity recognition elements, they are not available for many important analytes. As an alternative, we demonstrate use of a periplasmic binding protein (PBP) to provide high affinity recognition for thiamine (vitamin B1), an analyte of great importance to human and environmental health for which, like so many other small molecules, no suitable biorecognition element is available. We demonstrate that with an appropriate competitive strategy, a highly sensitive (limit of detection of 0...
August 16, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Natalia Wolak, Marcin Zawrotniak, Mariusz Gogol, Andrzej Kozik, Maria Rapala-Kozik
Vitamins are chemical compounds whose derivatives are involved in vital metabolic pathways of all living organisms. The complete endogenous biosynthesis of vitamins can be performed by many bacteria, yeast and plants, but humans need to acquire most of these essential nutrients with food. In recent years, new types of action of the well-recognized vitamins or their more sophisticated relationships have been reported. In this review we present the current knowledge of factors that can influence the yield and regulation of vitamin B1, B2, B3 and B9 biosynthesis in plants which can be important for human nutrition...
July 24, 2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
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