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3D printing medicine

Georg D Strbac, Albrecht Schnappauf, Katharina Giannis, Michael H Bertl, Andreas Moritz, Christian Ulm
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to introduce an innovative method for autotransplantation of teeth using 3-dimensional (3D) surgical templates for guided osteotomy preparation and donor tooth placement. METHODS: This report describes autotransplantation of immature premolars as treatment of an 11-year-old boy having suffered severe trauma with avulsion of permanent maxillary incisors. This approach uses modified methods from guided implant surgery by superimposition of Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine files and 3D data sets of the jaws in order to predesign 3D printed templates with the aid of a fully digital workflow...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Minoo Heidari Kani, Eng-Cheng Chan, Roger C Young, Trent Butler, Roger Smith, Jonathan W Paul
Research insights into uterine function and the mechanisms of labour have been hindered by the lack of suitable animal and cellular models. The use of traditional culturing methods limits the exploration of complex uterine functions, such as cell interactions, connectivity and contractile behaviour, as it fails to mimic the three-dimensional (3D) nature of uterine cell interactions in vivo. Animal models are an option, however, use of these models is constrained by ethical considerations as well as translational limitations to humans...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Kimberly Plevniak, Matthew Campbell, Timothy Myers, Abby Hodges, Mei He
Clinical diagnosis requiring central facilities and site visits can be burdensome for patients in resource-limited or rural areas. Therefore, development of a low-cost test that utilizes smartphone data collection and transmission would beneficially enable disease self-management and point-of-care (POC) diagnosis. In this paper, we introduce a low-cost iPOC(3D) diagnostic strategy which integrates 3D design and printing of microfluidic POC device with smartphone-based disease diagnosis in one process as a stand-alone system, offering strong adaptability for establishing diagnostic capacity in resource-limited areas and low-income countries...
September 2016: Biomicrofluidics
Lisa Elviri, Annalisa Bianchera, Carlo Bergonzi, Ruggero Bettini
The main target of tissue engineering is the preparation and application of adequate materials for the design and production of scaffolds, that possess properties promoting cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. The use of natural polysaccharides, such as chitosan, to prepare hydrogels for wound healing and controlled drug delivery is a research topic of wide and increasing interest. Areas covered: This review presents the latest results and challenges in the preparation of chitosan and chitosan-based scaffold/hydrogel for wound healing applications...
October 12, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Milad Khorasani, Magnus Edinger, Dhara Raijada, Johan Bøtker, Johanna Aho, Jukka Rantanen
Hot-melt extrusion and 3D printing are enabling manufacturing approaches for patient-centred medicinal products. Hot-melt extrusion is a flexible and continuously operating technique which is a crucial part of a typical processing cycle of printed medicines. In this work we use hot-melt extrusion for manufacturing of medicinal films containing indomethacin (IND) and polycaprolactone (PCL), extruded strands with nitrofurantoin monohydrate (NFMH) and poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO), and feedstocks for 3D printed dosage forms with nitrofurantoin anhydrate (NFAH), hydroxyapatite (HA) and poly (lactic acid) (PLA)...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Yuanyuan Sun, Xucong Ruan, Hairui Li, Himanshu Kathuria, Guang Du, Lifeng Kang
Conventional suppositories sometimes fail in exerting their therapeutic activity as the base materials melt inside body cavities. Also they are not suitable to provide long term treatment. Biomedical grade silicone elastomers may be used to fabricate non-dissolvable suppositories to overcome these disadvantages. We kneaded 4 analgesics into the 2 kinds of silicone polymers at 1%, 5% and 10% drug loading, respectively, to test their mechanical properties and drug release profiles. The optimized drug-polymer combinations were used to fabricate suppositories, and three dimensional printing (3DP) was used to create the suppository moulds...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Peyman Sardari Nia, Samuel Heuts, Jean Daemen, Peter Luyten, Jindrich Vainer, Jan Hoorntje, Emile Cheriex, Jos Maessen
OBJECTIVES: Mitral valve repair performed by an experienced surgeon is superior to mitral valve replacement for degenerative mitral valve disease; however, many surgeons are still deterred from adapting this procedure because of a steep learning curve. Simulation-based training and planning could improve the surgical performance and reduce the learning curve. The aim of this study was to develop a patient-specific simulation for mitral valve repair and provide a proof of concept of personalized medicine in a patient prospectively planned for mitral valve surgery...
September 27, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
A Furdová, Ad Furdová, A Thurzo, M Šramka, M Chorvát, G Králik
: Nowadays 3D printing allows us to create physical objects on the basis of digital data. Thanks to its rapid development the use enormously increased in medicine too. Its creations facilitate surgical planning processes, education and research in context of organ transplantation, individualization prostheses, breast forms, and others.Our article describes the wide range of applied 3D printing technology possibilities in ophthalmology. It is focusing on innovative implementation of eye tumors treatment planning in stereotactic radiosurgery irradiation...
2016: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
Rachel Kaye, Todd Goldstein, David Zeltsman, Daniel A Grande, Lee P Smith
Three dimensional (3D) printing is a novel technique that has evolved over the past 35 years and has the potential to revolutionize the field of medicine with its inherent advantages of customizability and the ability to create complex shapes with precision. It has been used extensively within the fields of orthopedics, dentistry, and craniofacial reconstruction with wide ranging utility including, medical modeling, surgical planning and the production of custom plates, screws and surgical guides. Furthermore, it has been used for similar means in the field of Otorhinolaryngology and also has potential to revolutionize the treatment of airway malacia...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Yong Lin Kong, Maneesh K Gupta, Blake N Johnson, Michael C McAlpine
The ability to three-dimensionally interweave biological and functional materials could enable the creation of bionic devices possessing unique and compelling geometries, properties, and functionalities. Indeed, interfacing high performance active devices with biology could impact a variety of fields, including regenerative bioelectronic medicines, smart prosthetics, medical robotics, and human-machine interfaces. Biology, from the molecular scale of DNA and proteins, to the macroscopic scale of tissues and organs, is three-dimensional, often soft and stretchable, and temperature sensitive...
June 2016: Nano Today
Xuan Zhou, Nathan J Castro, Wei Zhu, Haitao Cui, Mitra Aliabouzar, Kausik Sarkar, Lijie Grace Zhang
3D printing and ultrasound techniques are showing great promise in the evolution of human musculoskeletal tissue repair and regeneration medicine. The uniqueness of the present study was to combine low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) and advanced 3D printing techniques to synergistically improve growth and osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). Specifically, polyethylene glycol diacrylate bioinks containing cell adhesive Arginine-Glycine-Aspartic acid-Serene (RGDS) peptide and/or nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (nHA) were used to fabricate 3D scaffolds with different geometric patterns via novel table-top stereolithography 3D printer...
2016: Scientific Reports
S Z Zhong, C H Fang
In recent years, the three-dimentional(3D)printing technology is gradually applied in medicine.Now, the 3D printing has already play an important role in medical education, surgical device development, prosthesis implantation and so on.There are still many challenges and difficulties in the clinical overall application of 3D printing for some time, but it also contains a huge application prospect.Once with appropriate applications of this technology, it will be a major breakthrough in iatrical history once more...
September 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Stellan Hertegård
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tissue engineering is a rapidly expanding field in medicine and involves regeneration and restoration of many organs, including larynx and the airways. Currently, this is not included in routine practice; however, a number of clinical trials in humans are ongoing or starting. This review will cover publications during the past 2 years and the focus is on larynx and trachea. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent reports concern the development and investigations of cell therapies, including biological factors such as growth factors which promote healing of damage and increased vascular support of the tissue...
August 31, 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Hyeryeon Jeon, Kyojin Kang, Su A Park, Wan Doo Kim, Seung Sam Paik, Sang-Hoon Lee, Jaemin Jeong, Dongho Choi
Background/Aims: Chronic liver disease is a major widespread cause of death, and whole liver transplantation is the only definitive treatment for patients with end-stage liver diseases. However, many problems, including donor shortage, surgical complications and cost, hinder their usage. Recently, tissue-engineering technology provided a potential breakthrough for solving these problems. Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology has been used to mimic tissues and organs suitable for transplantation, but applications for the liver have been rare...
August 25, 2016: Gut and Liver
Peng Liu, Rijing Liu, Yan Zhang, Yingfeng Liu, Xiaoming Tang, Yanzhen Cheng
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the clinical feasibility of generating 3D printing models of left atrial appendage (LAA) using real-time 3D transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) data for preoperative reference of LAA occlusion. BACKGROUND: Percutaneous LAA occlusion can effectively prevent patients with atrial fibrillation from stroke. However, the anatomical structure of LAA is so complicated that adequate information of its structure is essential for successful LAA occlusion...
August 19, 2016: Cardiology
Toshihiro Ishibashi, Hiroyuki Takao, Takashi Suzuki, Ichiro Yuki, Shogo Kaku, Issei Kan, Kengo Nishimura, Tomoaki Suzuki, Mitsuyosi Watanabe, Kostadin Karagiozov, Yuichi Murayama
BACKGROUND: Stabilization of microcatheters during coiling after their optimal shaping are key factors for successful endovascular coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms. However, stabilization and optimal shaping of microcatheters are sometimes difficult. Our aim was to introduce "tailor-made" microcatheter shapes for coil embolization using three-dimensional (3D) printed vessel models. METHOD: Since August 2014, we have been investigating the use of 3D printed models of intracranial arterial aneurysms to produce optimally shaped microcatheters for endovascular coil embolization...
October 1, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Takehiko Konno, Toshihiro Mashiko, Hirofumi Oguma, Naoki Kaneko, Keisuke Otani, Eiju Watanabe
We developed a method for manufacturing solid models of cerebral aneurysms, with a shorter printing time than that involved in conventional methods, using a compact 3D printer with acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene(ABS)resin. We further investigated the application and utility of this printing system in emergency clipping surgery. A total of 16 patients diagnosed with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage resulting from cerebral aneurysm rupture were enrolled in the present study. Emergency clipping was performed on the day of hospitalization...
August 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Hasan Anıl Atalay, Volkan Ülker, İlter Alkan, Halil Lütfi Canat, Ünsal Özkuvancı, Fatih Altunrende
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of three-dimensional (3D) printed pelvicaliceal system models on residents' understanding of pelvicaliceal system anatomy before percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with unilateral complex renal stones indicating PCNL were selected. Usable data of patients were obtained from CT-scans in Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) format. Mimics software version 16.0 (Materialise, Belgium) was used for segmentation and extraction of pelvicaliceal systems (PCSs)...
October 2016: Journal of Endourology
Katherine Bootsma, Martha M Fitzgerald, Brandon Free, Elizabeth Dimbath, Joe Conjerti, Greg Reese, Dominik Konkolewicz, Jason A Berberich, Jessica L Sparks
Interpenetrating network (IPN) hydrogel materials are recognized for their unique mechanical properties. While IPN elasticity and toughness properties have been explored in previous studies, the factors that impact the time-dependent stress relaxation behavior of IPN materials are not well understood. Time-dependent (i.e. viscoelastic) mechanical behavior is a critical design parameter in the development of materials for a variety of applications, such as medical simulation devices, flexible substrate materials, cellular mechanobiology substrates, or regenerative medicine applications...
July 22, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Rudy U Rodriguez, Nathan Kemper, Erick Breathwaite, Sucharita M Dutta, Erin L Hsu, Wellington K Hsu, Michael P Francis
INTRODUCTION: Bone repair frequently requires time-consuming implant construction, particularly when using un-formed implants with poor handling properties. We therefore developed osteoinductive, micro-fibrous surface patterned demineralized bone matrix (DBM) fibers for engineering both defect-matched and general three-dimensional implants. METHODS AND RESULTS: Implant molds were filled with demineralized human cortical bone fibers there were compressed and lyophilized, forming mechanically strong shaped DBM scaffolds...
2016: Biofabrication
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