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the third international

Bertram J Wilm, Christoph Barmet, Simon Gross, Lars Kasper, S Johanna Vannesjo, Max Haeberlin, Benjamin E Dietrich, David O Brunner, Thomas Schmid, Klaas P Pruessmann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to improve the quality of single-shot spiral MRI and demonstrate its application for diffusion-weighted imaging. METHODS: Image formation is based on an expanded encoding model that accounts for dynamic magnetic fields up to third order in space, nonuniform static B0 , and coil sensitivity encoding. The encoding model is determined by B0 mapping, sensitivity mapping, and concurrent field monitoring. Reconstruction is performed by iterative inversion of the expanded signal equations...
October 21, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
K-J Maier, B Bücking, K Horst, H Andruszkow, F Hildebrand, M Knobe
BACKGROUND: In unstable trochanteric fractures, the extramedullary rotationally stable screw-anchor (RoSA) combines the benefits of the load and rotational stability of the blade with the advantages of the screw (pull-out resistance, compression capability) in a single load carrier, and was designed to prevent femoral neck shortening by using an additional locked trochanteric stabilizing plate (TSP). OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current prospective cohort study was the clinical evaluation of the RoSA/TSP system regarding the mechanical re-operation rate and the amount of postoperative femoral neck shortening...
October 21, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Hanna F Skjåkødegård, Yngvild S Danielsen, Mette Morken, Sara-Rebekka F Linde, Rachel P Kolko, Katherine N Balantekin, Denise E Wilfley, Pétur B Júlíusson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the FABO-study is to evaluate the effect of family-based behavioral social facilitation treatment (FBSFT), designed to target children's family and social support networks to enhance weight loss outcomes, compared to the standard treatment (treatment as usual, TAU) given to children and adolescents with obesity in a routine clinical practice. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial (RCT), in which families (n = 120) are recruited from the children and adolescents (ages 6-18 years) referred to the Obesity Outpatient Clinic (OOC), Haukeland University Hospital, Norway...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
Stephen Matthew Quinnan
Obtaining optimal results in the treatment of extraarticular distal tibia fractures can be challenging. Plate and screw and intramedullary fixation have proven to be effective treatments, but are associated with significant complication rates when used for open fractures and patient with severe medical comorbidities. External fixation is a third alternative that is less often employed, but provides a very effective means of treatment. Circular external fixation offers great flexibility in obtaining anatomic alignment and stable fixation for even the most challenging distal tibia fractures...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Olga Tursunov, Nathan I Cherny, Freda DeKeyser Ganz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe the experience of family members of patients receiving palliative sedation at the initiation of treatment and after the patient has died and to compare these experiences over time.
. DESIGN: Descriptive comparative study.
. SETTING: Oncology ward at Shaare Zedek Medical Center in Jerusalem, Israel.
. SAMPLE: A convenience sample of 34 family members of dying patients receiving palliative sedation...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Eileen Hoskin, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Clinical and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. There were no language restrictions.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials which compared the relief of pain with systemic antibiotics and analgesics against placebo and analgesics in the preoperative phase of irreversible pulpitis. The primary interest was pain control with an antibiotic or without one in the presence of analgesics...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Mourad Assidi, Ashraf Dallol, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Emad Al-Hamzi, Jerry W Shay, Stephen W Scherer, Ashok Agarwal, Bruce Budowle, Mamdooh Gari, Adeel Chaudhary, Adel Abuzenadah, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
The Third International Genomic Medicine Conference (3(rd) IGMC) was organised by the Centre of Excellence in Genomic Medicine Research (CEGMR) at the King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). This conference is a continuation of a series of meetings, which began with the first International Genomic Medicine Conference (1(st) IGMC, 2011) followed by the second International Genomic Medicine Conference (2(nd) IGMC, 2013). The 3(rd) IGMC meeting presented as a timely opportunity to bring scientists from across the world to gather, discuss, and exchange recent advances in the field of genomics and genetics in general as well as practical information on using these new technologies in different basic and clinical applications...
October 17, 2016: BMC Genomics
Qing Yu, Weimin Ye, Tom Powers
Gracilacus wuae n. sp. from soil associated with cow parsnip in Ontario, Canada is described and illustrated. Morphologically, females have a long stylet ranging from 80 to 93 µm long, the lip region not offset from the body contour, without lateral lips but with large and flat submedian lobes, the mouth opening slit-like elongated laterally and surrounded by lateral flaps, the excretory pore is anterior to the knobs of the stylet; males without stylet and the pharynx degenerated. The fourth-stage juveniles lack a stylet, the pharynx degenerated, and can be differentiated into preadult females and males based on the position of the genital primordia...
September 2016: Journal of Nematology
Insa Joost, Johannes Steinfurt, Philipp T Meyer, Winfried V Kern, Siegbert Rieg
BACKGROUND: Ustekinumab (Stelara®), a human monoclonal antibody targeting the p40-subunit of interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-23, is indicated for moderate to severe plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. In large multicenter, prospective trials assessing efficacy and safety of ustekinumab increased rates of severe infections have not been observed so far. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report the case of a 64-year old woman presenting with chills, pain and swelling of her right foot with dark maculae at the sole, and elevated inflammatory markers...
October 20, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Luigi Maria Galantucci, Roberto Deli, Alberto Laino, Eliana Di Gioia, Raoul D'Alessio, Fulvio Lavecchia, Gianluca Percoco, Carmela Savastano
The aim of this paper is to develop a database to determine a new biomorphometric standard of attractiveness. Sampling was carried out using noninvasive three-dimensional relief methods to measure the soft tissues of the face. These anthropometric measurements were analyzed to verify the existence of any canons with respect to shape, size, and measurement proportions which proved to be significant with regard to the aesthetics of the face. Finally, the anthropometric parameters obtained were compared with findings described in the international literature...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Alain de Chambrier, Carlos Daniel Pinacho-Pinacho, Jesus Servando Hernà Ndez-Orts, Tomà ŠScholz
Cichlidocestus n. gen. is proposed to accommodate 2 new species of proteocephalidean cestodes, Cichlidocestus gillesi n. sp. from Cichlasoma amazonarum in Peru Amazonia (type species) and Cichlidocestus janikae n. sp. from Hypsophrys nicaraguensis (all Perciformes: Cichlidae) in Costa Rica. The new genus is unique among all but 1 proteocephalidean genera in the position of the ovary that occupies the middle and posterior thirds of proglottids (versus the ovary in the posterior third of proglottids near their posterior margin in all but 1 remaining taxa)...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Parasitology
Chad Rittle
Occupational health nurses are familiar with environmental exposures workers encounter in their workplaces. However, employees are only "on-the-job" about one third of each workday, with a multitude of potential exposures in other environments that can affect their health. This article addresses some of the major exposures employees encounter outside the workplace-air, water, and soil pollution, and hazardous wastes-including a discussion of several well-known national and international environmental incidents...
October 19, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Daniel W Birch, Jerry T Dang, Noah J Switzer, Namdar Manouchehri, Xinzhe Shi, Ghassan Hadi, Shahzeer Karmali
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypothermia during both open and laparoscopic abdominal surgery may be associated with adverse events. For laparoscopic abdominal surgery, the use of heated insufflation systems for establishing pneumoperitoneum has been described to prevent hypothermia. Humidification of the insufflated gas is also possible. Past studies on heated insufflation have shown inconclusive results with regards to maintenance of core temperature and reduction of postoperative pain and recovery times...
October 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Luciana G Madeira, Renata Lf Passos, Juliana F de Souza, Nilton A Rezende, Luiz O C Rodrigues
Objective: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) causes neural and cutaneous disorders and reduced exercise capacity. Exercise/heat exposure increasing internal temperature must be compensated by eccrine sweat function and warmed skin vasodilation. We suspected NF1 could adversely affect eccrine sweat function and/or vascular thermoregulatory responses (VTR). Methods: The eccrine sweat function and VTR of 25 NF1 volunteers (14 males, 11 females; 16-57 years old) were compared with 23 non-NF1 controls matched by sex, age, height and weight (CG)...
October 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Selwyn Arlington Headley, Lucienne Garcia Pretto-Giordano, Giovana Wingeter Di Santis, Lucas Alécio Gomes, Rafaela Macagnan, Daniela Farias da Nóbrega, Katherine Moura Leite, Brígida Kussumoto de Alcântara, Eiko Nakagawa Itano, Amauri Alcindo Alfieri, Mario Augusto Ono
Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is an endemic disease of humans from Latin America that is caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and P. lutzii, with most cases of PCM in domestic animals being associated with P. brasiliensis. This study presents the clinical, cytological, mycological, serological, and molecular findings associated with P. brasiliensis in a dog from Southern Brazil. Fine needle biopsies were collected from the skin and several lymph nodes of a 5-year-old female Labrador dog that had enlargement of most superficial lymph nodes...
October 18, 2016: Mycopathologia
Sverre Kjeldsen
Results of outcome trials form the basis for treatment guidelines in hypertension. Further outcome trials are needed wherever there are gaps in knowledge. Thus, rationale for setting up and performing and outcome trial with investment of large resources is based on a strong hypothesis.Second, an outcome trial must be done with sufficient statistical power. Power is calculated from the risk level of the people to be investigated and the event rate, the expected benefit of the agent to be investigated and the number of treatment years (number of participants involved and years in the study)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Rafael Castillo
: Similar to the trend worldwide, hypertension (HTN) is also the single most attributable cause for mortality in South-East Asia (SEA). But while in developed regions, the prevalence of HTN appears to be stabilizing or decreasing, the rates in SEA continue to rise. Around a third of the adult population in SEA have elevated blood pressure (BP) with nearly 1.5 million deaths (9.4% of total deaths) attributable to HTN annually.In several countries in SEA, awareness level of HTN is less than 50% but in the more affluent countries in the region, awareness ranges from 56% to 70%...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Chris S Ivanoff, Krassimira Yaneva, Diana Luan, Bogomil Andonov, Reena R Kumar, Anirudha Agnihotry, Athena E Ivanoff, Dimitrios Emmanouil, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Filip Koneski, Ilijana Muratovska, Huda A Al-Shehri, Sara M Al-Taweel, Michele Daly
BACKGROUND: Training culturally competent graduates who can practice effectively in a multicultural environment is a goal of contemporary dental education. The Global Oral Health Initiative is a network of dental schools seeking to promote global dentistry as a component of cultural competency training. OBJECTIVE: Before initiating international student exchanges, a survey was conducted to assess students' awareness of global dentistry and interest in cross-national clerkships...
October 18, 2016: International Dental Journal
Giacomo Vivanti, Heather J Nuske
We explore three challenges that Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) poses to our understanding of the processes underlying early attachment. First, while caregiver-infant attachment and later social-affiliative behavior share common biobehavioral mechanisms, individuals with ASD are able to form secure attachment relationships, despite reduced social-emotional reciprocity and motivation for social interaction. Therefore, disruptions in social affiliation mechanisms can co-exist with secure caregiver-infant bonding...
October 14, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Hassan Mirmonsef, Hanne D Hornum, John Jensen, Martin Holmstrup
Contaminated soil is a problem throughout the industrialized world, and a significant proportion of these sites are polluted with heavy metals such as copper. Ecological risk assessment of contaminated sites requires ecotoxicological studies with spiked soils as well as in-situ ecological observations. Here, we report laboratory and field assessment of copper toxicity for earthworms at a Danish site (Hygum) exclusively contaminated with an increasing gradient in copper from background to highly toxic levels (>1000mgkg(-1) dry soil)...
October 14, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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