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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345839/validation-of-an-indonesian-version-of-the-breast-cancer-awareness-scale-bcas-i
#1
Solikhah Solikhah, Supannee Promthet, Nitchamon Rakkapao, Cameron P Hurst
Background: Raising breast cancer awareness is a key strategy to reduce associated mortality. While a paucity of adequately validated instruments for breast cancer awareness is applicable across cultures, even outside the health care setting such instruments have been developed. Objective: This study investigated the validity and psychometric properties of a breast cancer awareness scale in Indonesia (BCAS-I). Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out among Indonesian women conveniently selected within three provinces (Yogyakarta, South of Sumatera and East Nusa Tenggara) located in rural-urban areas using stratified random sampling...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345431/collaterals-2016-translating-the-collaterome-around-the-globe
#2
David S Liebeskind, Graham W Woolf, Ashfaq Shuaib
Collaterals 2016 (third International Symposium on Collaterals to the Brain) was a multidisciplinary scientific conference focused on collateral circulation in acute ischemic stroke. Decisive challenges include generalizability of optimal triage and selection paradigms based on collateral status for definitive treatment of acute ischemic stroke, rapid dissemination of expert methods, and the urgent need to leverage networking opportunities for stroke science related to the hemodynamics of collaterals. The collaterome, or individual capacity to offset ischemia in the brain, and determination of a favorable collateral profile have become pivotal factors in consideration of the precision medicine of stroke decision-making...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342442/comparison-of-qsofa-and-sirs-for-predicting-adverse-outcomes-of-patients-with-suspicion-of-sepsis-outside-the-intensive-care-unit
#3
Eli J Finkelsztein, Daniel S Jones, Kevin C Ma, Maria A Pabón, Tatiana Delgado, Kiichi Nakahira, John E Arbo, David A Berlin, Edward J Schenck, Augustine M K Choi, Ilias I Siempos
BACKGROUND: The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3) Task Force recently introduced a new clinical score termed quick Sequential (Sepsis-related) Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) for identification of patients at risk of sepsis outside the intensive care unit (ICU). We attempted to compare the discriminatory capacity of the qSOFA versus the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) score for predicting mortality, ICU-free days, and organ dysfunction-free days in patients with suspicion of infection outside the ICU...
March 26, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342074/evaluation-of-saefvic-a-pharmacovigilance-surveillance-scheme-for-the-spontaneous-reporting-of-adverse-events-following-immunisation-in-victoria-australia
#4
Hazel J Clothier, Nigel W Crawford, Melissa Russell, Heath Kelly, Jim P Buttery
INTRODUCTION: Australia is traditionally an early adopter of vaccines, therefore comprehensive and effective post-licensure vaccine pharmacovigilance is critical to maintain confidence in immunisation, both nationally and internationally. With adverse event following immunisation (AEFI) surveillance the responsibility of Australian jurisdictions, Victoria operates an enhanced passive AEFI surveillance system integrated with clinical services, called 'SAEFVIC' (Surveillance of Adverse Events Following Vaccination In the Community)...
March 24, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341969/computed-tomographic-analysis-of-the-internal-structure-of-the-metacarpals-and-its-implications-for-hand-use-pathology-and-surgical-intervention
#5
Alison L Wong, Clifton G Meals, Christopher B Ruff
The variation of bone structure and biomechanics between the metacarpals is not well characterized. It was hypothesized that their structure would reflect their common patterns of use (i.e., patterns of hand grip), specifically that trabecular bone density would be greater on the volar aspect of all metacarpal bases, that this would be most pronounced in the thumb, and that the thumb diaphysis would have the greatest bending strength. Cross-sections at basal and mid-diaphyseal locations of 50 metacarpals from 10 human hands were obtained by peripheral quantitative computed tomography...
March 24, 2017: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341330/community-perspectives-on-the-use-of-regulation-and-law-for-obesity-prevention-in-children-a-citizens-jury
#6
Jackie M Street, Jana Sisnowski, Rebecca Tooher, Lucy C Farrell, Annette J Braunack-Mayer
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a significant challenge for public health internationally. Regulatory and fiscal measures propagated by governments offer a potentially effective response to this issue. Fearing public criticism, governments are often reluctant to use such measures. In this study we asked a descriptively representative and informed group of Australians their views on the use of legislation and fiscal measures by governments to address childhood obesity. METHODS: A citizens' jury, held in South Australia in April 2015, was asked to consider the question: What laws, if any, should we have in Australia to address childhood obesity? RESULTS: The jury agreed that prevention of obesity was complex requiring multifaceted government intervention...
March 12, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341010/history-and-development-of-ophthalmology-in-taiwan
#7
REVIEW
Yu-Chih Hou, Gale A Oren, Muh-Shy Chen, Fung-Rong Hu
Western medicine was first introduced to Taiwan by medical missionaries in the mid-19(th) century. Modernization of medicine was systematically transplanted to Taiwan in the Japanese colonial period, and ophthalmology was established third among hospital departments, following internal medicine and surgery. Dr Hidetaka Yamaguchi, an ophthalmologist, was the first head of the Taihoku Hospital, later known as National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH; Taipei, Taiwan). Ophthalmologists during the colonial period conducted studies on tropical and infectious eye diseases...
December 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338499/development-of-the-irritable-bowel-syndrome-cognitive-affective-scale-a-brief-self-report-measure-for-clinical-and-research-settings
#8
Sarah Ballou, Laurie Keefer
OBJECTIVES: Measures of cognitive-affective processes believed to underlie Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) symptom expression are used widely in both clinical and research settings. When combined, these measures can be time-consuming and it is not clear whether they evaluate distinct or overlapping constructs. With this study, we seek to identify the most critical cognitive-affective components contributing toward the expression of IBS and to identify which items in these constructs might be streamlined into a single, brief self-report measure...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338358/a-mismatch-between-athlete-practice-and-current-sports-nutrition-guidelines-among-elite-female-and-male-middle-and-long-distance-athletes
#9
Ida Aliisa Heikura, Trent Stellingwerff, Antti A Mero, Arja Leena Tuulia Uusitalo, Louise Mary Burke
Contemporary nutrition guidelines promote a variety of periodized and time-sensitive recommendations, but current information regarding the knowledge and practice of these strategies among world-class athletes is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate this theme by implementing a questionnaire on dietary periodization practices in national/international level female (n=27) and male (n=21) middle- and long-distance runners/race-walkers. The questionnaire aimed to gain information on between and within-day dietary choices, as well as timing of pre- and post-training meals and practices of training with low or high carbohydrate (CHO) availability...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338025/preventing-perioperative-bleeding-in-patients-with-inherited-bleeding-disorders
#10
Colin Watterson, Nicholas Beacher
Data sourcesCochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group's Coagulopathies Trials Register, a regularly updated database informed by trials identified within electronic databases including MEDLINE. Further defined searches were undertaken in PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov and WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. Additional hand searching of relevant journals and books of conference proceedings was undertaken.Study selectionRandomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials in people of all ages with haemophilia or VWD undergoing oral or dental procedures using antifibrinolytic agents (tranexamic acid (TXA) or epsilon aminocaproic acid (EACA)) to prevent perioperative bleeding compared to no intervention with or without placebo...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335792/can-incontinence-be-cured-a-systematic-review-of-cure-rates
#11
Rob Riemsma, Suzanne Hagen, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns, Christine Norton, Helle Wijk, Karl-Erik Andersson, Christopher Chapple, Julian Spinks, Adrian Wagg, Edward Hutt, Kate Misso, Sohan Deshpande, Jos Kleijnen, Ian Milsom
BACKGROUND: Incontinence constitutes a major health problem affecting millions of people worldwide. The present study aims to assess cure rates from treating urinary (UI) or fecal incontinence (FI) and the number of people who may remain dependent on containment strategies. METHODS: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), CINAHL, and PEDro were searched from January 2005 to June 2015. Supplementary searches included conference abstracts and trials registers (2013-2015)...
March 24, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335022/towards-local-implementation-of-dutch-health-policy-guidelines-a-concept-mapping-approach
#12
Theo J M Kuunders, Marja J H van Bon-Martens, Ien A M van de Goor, Theo G W M Paulussen, Hans A M van Oers
To develop a targeted implementation strategy for a municipal health policy guideline, implementation targets of two guideline users [Regional Health Services (RHSs)] and guideline developers of leading national health institutes were made explicit. Therefore, characteristics of successful implementation of the guideline were identified. Differences and similarities in perceptions of these characteristics between RHSs and developers were explored. Separate concept mapping procedures were executed in two RHSs, one with representatives from partner local health organizations and municipalities, the second with RHS members only...
February 22, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332667/arrested-coalescence-of-viscoelastic-droplets-triplet-shape-and-restructuring
#13
Prerna Dahiya, Andrew DeBenedictis, Timothy J Atherton, Marco Caggioni, Stuart W Prescott, Richard W Hartel, Patrick T Spicer
The stability of shapes formed by three viscoelastic droplets during their arrested coalescence has been investigated using micromanipulation experiments. Addition of a third droplet to arrested droplet doublets is shown to be controlled by the balance between interfacial pressures driving coalescence and internal elasticity that resists total consolidation. The free fluid available within the droplets controls the transmission of stress during droplet combination and allows connections to occur via formation of a neck between the droplets...
March 23, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332461/global-public-goods-for-health-weaknesses-and-opportunities-in-the-global-health-system
#14
Suerie Moon, John-Arne Røttingen, Julio Frenk
Since at least the 1990s, there has been growing recognition that societies need global public goods (GPGs) in order to protect and promote public health. While the term GPG is sometimes used loosely to denote that which is 'good' for the global public, we restrict our use of the term to its technical definition (goods that are non-excludable and non-rival in consumption) for its useful analytical clarity. Examples of important GPGs for health include standards and guidelines, research on the causes and treatment of disease, and comparative evidence and analysis...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332460/framing-the-tax-and-health-nexus-a-neglected-aspect-of-public-health-concern
#15
David Mccoy, Simukai Chigudu, Taavi Tillmann
Previous studies have described various associations between tax policy and health. Here we propose a unifying conceptual framework of 'Five R's' to stimulate awareness about the importance of tax to health improvement. First, tax can improve representation and democratic accountability, and help make governments more responsive to the needs of its citizens. Second, tax can create a revenue stream for a universal pool of public finance for health care and other public services. Third, progressive taxation when combined with appropriate public spending can help redistribute wealth and income and mitigate social and health inequalities...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332035/opportunistic-biopsy-of-internal-mammary-lymph-nodes-during-immediate-breast-reconstruction-after-mastectomy-for-breast-malignancies
#16
Ki Yong Hong, Han-Byoel Lee, Sangjun Yim, Jongho Lee, Tae-Yong Kim, Wonshik Han, Ung Sik Jin
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to explore the clinicopathological factors associated with internal mammary lymph node (IMN) metastasis in radiologically IMN-negative breast malignancies and to discuss the clinical value of opportunistic biopsy during immediate breast reconstruction using free flaps, where the internal mammary vessels are the recipient. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who received curative total mastectomy for breast malignancy followed by immediate reconstruction using transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) free flap...
March 22, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331790/ultrathin-fluidic-laminates-for-large-area-fa%C3%A3-ade-integration-and-smart-windows
#17
Benjamin P V Heiz, Zhiwen Pan, Gerhard Lautenschläger, Christin Sirtl, Matthias Kraus, Lothar Wondraczek
Buildings represent more than 40% of Europe's energy demands and about one third of its CO2 emissions. Energy efficient buildings and, in particular, building skins have therefore been among the key priorities of international research agendas. Here, glass-glass fluidic devices are presented for large-area integration with adaptive façades and smart windows. These devices enable harnessing and dedicated control of various liquids for added functionality in the building envelope. Combining a microstructured glass pane, a thin cover sheet with tailored mechanical performance, and a liquid for heat storage and transport, a flat-panel laminate is generated with thickness adapted to a single glass sheet in conventional windows...
March 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331561/imatinib-induces-up-regulation-of-nm23-a-metastasis-suppressor-gene-in-human-hepatocarcinoma-hepg2-cell-line
#18
Behta Keshavarz-Pakseresht, Seyed Ataollah Sadat Shandiz, Fahimeh Baghbani-Arani
AIM: The present study investigated the anti-tumor activity of Imatinib mesylate through modulation of NM23 gene expression in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cell line. BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is considered to be the third leading cause of cancer related death worldwide. Down regulation of NM23, a metastasis suppressor gene, has been associated with several types of malignant cancer. Recently, effects of Imatinib mesylate, a first member of tyrosine kinases inhibitors, were indicated in research and treatment of different malignant tumors...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330530/spectrophotometric-methods-for-simultaneous-determination-of-sofosbuvir-and-ledipasvir-harvoni-tablet-comparative-study-with-two-generic-products
#19
Nisreen F Abo-Talib, Mohamed R El-Ghobashy, Marwa H Tammam
Sofosbuvir and ledipasvir are the first drugs in a combination pill to treat chronic hepatitis C virus. Simple, sensitive, and rapid spectrophotometric methods are presented for the determination of sofosbuvir and ledipasvir in their combined dosage form. These methods were based on direct measurement of ledipasvir at 333 nm (due to the lack of interference of sofosbuvir) over a concentration range of 4.0–14.0 μg/mL, with a mean recovery of 100.78 ± 0.64%. Sofosbuvir was determined, without prior separation, by third-derivative values at 281 nm; derivative ratio values at 265...
February 10, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327808/prevalence-and-distribution-of-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-nematoda-angiostrongylidae-in-achatina-fulica-mollusca-gastropoda-in-baixada-santista-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#20
Laura Rocha Guerino, Iracy Lea Pecora, Marcel Sabino Miranda, Cryslaine Aguiar-Silva, Omar Dos Santos Carvalho, Roberta Lima Caldeira, Reinaldo José da Silva
INTRODUCTION: Angiostrongylus cantonensis is causes eosinophilic meningoencephalitis in humans. Worldwide expansion of this nematode is linked to the dispersion of their hosts. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of A. cantonensis infection in Achatina fulica in the nine municipalities that make up Baixada Santista, São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Angiostrongylus cantonensis larvae were analyzed using optical microscopy. We performed polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism using restriction endonuclease ClaI, directed to the internal transcribed spacer region 2 of A...
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
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