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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432908/particulate-matter-pollution-from-aviation-related-activity-at-a-small-airport-of-the-aegean-sea-insular-region
#1
C Psanis, E Triantafyllou, M Giamarelou, M Manousakas, K Eleftheriadis, G Biskos
The unprecedented growth in aviation during the last years has resulted in a notable increase of local air pollution related to airports. The impacts of aviation on air quality can be extremely high particularly around airports serving remote insular regions with pristine atmospheric environments. Here we report measurements that show how the atmospheric aerosol is affected by the activity at a small airport in a remote region. More specifically, we provide measurements performed at the airport of Mytilene, Greece, a regional yet international airport that serves the entire island of Lesvos; the third largest island of the country...
April 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432823/-gerimedjc-the-twitter-complement-to-the-traditional-format-geriatric-medicine-journal-club
#2
Amanda I Gardhouse, Laura Budd, Seu Y C Yang, Camilla L Wong
Twitter is a public microblogging platform that overcomes physical limitations and allows unrestricted participation beyond academic silos, enabling interactive discussions. Twitter-based journal clubs have demonstrated growth, sustainability, and worldwide communication, using a hashtag (#) to follow participation. This article describes the first year of #GeriMedJC, a monthly 1-hour live, 23-hour asynchronous Twitter-based complement to the traditional-format geriatric medicine journal club. The Twitter moderator tweets from the handle @GeriMedJC; encourages use of #GeriMedJC; and invites content experts, study authors, and followers to participate in critical appraisal of medical literature...
April 22, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431554/a-need-to-accelerate-health-research-productivity-in-an-african-university-the-case-of-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences
#3
Damalie Nakanjako, Dickens Akena, Dan K Kaye, James Tumwine, Elialilia Okello, Annettee Nakimuli, Andrew Kambugu, Hazel McCullough, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses R Kamya, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) has taken strides in research and training to improve healthcare through collaborative training and research programs. However, there is limited data on the trends of MakCHS faculty contributions to research and on faculty growth to take leading roles in health research. This paper reviews MakCHS faculty research publications over 15.5 years and outlines possible strategies to enhance faculty research outputs...
April 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428978/20th-workshop-of-the-international-stroke-genetics-consortium-november-3-4-2016-milan-italy-2016-036-isgc-research-priorities
#4
Daniel Woo, Stephanie Debette, Christopher Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To develop a research priority list for the International Stroke Genetics Consortium (ISGC). BACKGROUND: Previously, stroke progress review groups and other activities provided an opportunity for members within the field to develop priorities for research. These filtered into larger categories which then published the top research priorities of their given field. However, these review groups are no longer forming and thus there has been no clear direction on what the research priorities and needs for stroke genetics research...
March 2017: Neurology. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428671/correlation-of-subjective-symptoms-in-patients-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-and-erectile-dysfunction
#5
Amel Kardasevic, Snjezana Milicevic
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological studies suggest a link between the symptoms of lower urinary tract (LUTS) caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and erectile dysfunction (ED). Increasing expected period of life, justify the interest of establishing correlations LUTS / BPH and ED in order to find more efficient ways of treating these pathologies. GOAL: The objective was to evaluate the correlation of symptoms in LUTS/BPH with the degree of ED. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted as a prospective study which involved males aged 40-60 yr with present symptoms of LUTS/BPH...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426452/defining-the-most-appropriate-delivery-mode-in-women-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-systematic-review
#6
Arthur Foulon, Jean-Louis Dupas, Charles Sabbagh, Julien Chevreau, Lionel Rebibo, Franck Brazier, Guillaume Bouguen, Jean Gondry, Mathurin Fumery
INTRODUCTION: High cesarean section (CS) rates are observed in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but limited data are available to support this decision. We conducted a comprehensive review to evaluate the most appropriate mode of delivery in women with IBD according to disease phenotype and activity, as well as surgical history. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE (source PubMed) and international conference abstracts, and included all studies that evaluated digestive outcome after delivery in patients with IBD...
May 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426287/pregnancy-and-the-acceptability-of-computer-based-versus-traditional-mental-health-treatments
#7
Liisa Hantsoo, Jessica Podcasy, Mary Sammel, Cynthia Neill Epperson, Deborah R Kim
BACKGROUND: Recent recommendations urge increased depression screening in pregnant and postpartum women, potentially increasing demand for treatment. Computer-based psychotherapy treatments may address some of perinatal women's unique mental health treatment needs and barriers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a quantitative survey of pregnant women (≥12 weeks of gestation) on preferences regarding computer-based therapies compared with traditional therapies (psychotherapy and medication)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426160/assessment-and-support-during-early-labour-for-improving-birth-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Shinobu Kobayashi, Nobutsugu Hanada, Masayo Matsuzaki, Kenji Takehara, Erika Ota, Hatoko Sasaki, Chie Nagata, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: The progress of labour in the early or latent phase is usually slow and may include painful uterine contractions. Women may feel distressed and lose their confidence during this phase. Support and assessment interventions have been assessed in two previous Cochrane Reviews. This review updates and replaces these two reviews, which have become out of date. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of assessment and support interventions for women during early labour...
April 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424506/long-term-outcomes-of-ams-spectra%C3%A2-penile-prosthesis-implantation-and-satisfaction-rates
#9
F Akdemir, E Okulu, Ö Kayıgil
The aim of this study was to evaluate the surgical implantation techniques of AMS Spectra malleable penile prosthesis, its intraoperative and postoperative complications, and the rates of patient and partner satisfaction. Forty-six patients on whom AMS Spectra malleable penile prosthesis implantation was performed between 2009 and 2014 were retrospectively examined. Any complications seen intraoperatively and postoperatively were determined. International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF)-5, total IIEF erectile function domain scores were calculated preoperatively...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424353/constrained-release-of-lamina-associated-enhancers-and-genes-from-the-nuclear-envelope-during-t-cell-activation-facilitates-their-association-in-chromosome-compartments
#10
Michael I Robson, Jose I de Las Heras, Rafal Czapiewski, Aishwarya Sivakumar, Alastair R W Kerr, Eric Schirmer
The 3D organization of the genome changes concomitantly with expression changes during hematopoiesis and immune activation. Studies have focused either on lamina-associated domains (LADs) or on topologically-associated domains (TADs), defined by preferential local chromatin interactions, and chromosome compartments, defined as higher-order interactions between TADs sharing functionally similar states. However, few studies have investigated how these affect one another. To address this, we mapped LADs using Lamin B1-DamID during Jurkat T-cell activation, finding significant genome re-organization at the nuclear periphery dominated by release of loci frequently important for T-cell function...
April 19, 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421420/the-future-of-targeting-flt3-activation-in-aml
#11
REVIEW
Mark B Leick, Mark J Levis
Internal tandem duplications (ITD) and tyrosine-kinase domain (TKD) mutations of the FMS-like tyrosine-kinase 3 (FLT3) can be found in up to one third of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and confer a poor prognosis. First discovered 20 years ago, these mutations were identified as viable therapeutic targets, and FLT3 tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been in development for the last decade with steadily increasing potency. However, FLT3-mutated AML often acquires resistance to the growing armamentarium of FLT3 inhibitors through a variety of mechanisms...
April 18, 2017: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418775/research-101-an-initiative-to-encourage-and-facilitate-quality-resident-research-in-a-military-setting
#12
Kathryn E Marshall, Tanisha L Hammill
Objective Describe and evaluate a structured research program initiated at a tertiary Department of Defense (DOD) Medical Training Facility (MTF) to encourage and facilitate the conduct of research investigations, specifically among residents and junior or inexperienced investigators, but applicable for all DOD otolaryngology (ENT) and audiology providers. Methods A new comprehensive program was deployed in the ENT clinic at Madigan Army Medical Center (MAMC) to help improve the research program. Identified gaps in research methods and regulatory training were incorporated into the existing graduate medical education program along with structured mentorship between residents and senior staff...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416845/-anesthetic-choice-for-patients-undergoing-cesarean-section-complicated-with-placenta-implantation
#13
Y Wang, H Zeng, X Y Guo, X Y Rong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anesthetic choice for patients undergoing cesarean section complicated with placenta implantation. METHODS: A retrospective case review of the patients with placenta implantation between 2008 and 2013 at Peking University Third Hospital was conducted in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 codes, excluding natural birth and not first diagnosed in our hospital, a total of 96 cases were incorporated into this study. According to the degree of implantation, they were divided into three groups: accreta group, increta group and percreta group...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416810/the-joint-impact-of-cognitive-performance-in-adolescence-and-familial-cognitive-aptitude-on-risk-for-major-psychiatric-disorders-a-delineation-of-four-potential-pathways-to-illness
#14
K S Kendler, H Ohlsson, R S E Keefe, K Sundquist, J Sundquist
How do joint measures of premorbid cognitive ability and familial cognitive aptitude (FCA) reflect risk for a diversity of psychiatric and substance use disorders? To address this question, we examined, using Cox models, the predictive effects of school achievement (SA) measured at age 16 and FCA-assessed from SA in siblings and cousins, and educational attainment in parents-on risk for 12 major psychiatric syndromes in 1 140 608 Swedes born 1972-1990. Four developmental patterns emerged. In the first, risk was predicted jointly by low levels of SA and high levels of FCA-that is a level of SA lower than would be predicted from the FCA...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413095/-the-reform-of-the-third-cycle-of-medical-studies-what-changes-for-internal-medicine
#15
L Mouthon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412643/my-action-lasts-longer-potential-link-between-subjective-time-and-agency-during-voluntary-action
#16
Shu Imaizumi, Tomohisa Asai
Time perception distorts across different phases of bodily movement. During motor execution, sensory feedback matching an internal sensorimotor prediction is perceived to last longer. The sensorimotor prediction also underlies sense of agency. We investigated association between subjective time and agency during voluntary action. Participants performed hand action while watching a video feedback of their hand with various delays to manipulate agency. The perceived duration and agency over the video feedback were judged...
April 13, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411119/worldwide-comparison-of-survival-from-childhood-leukaemia-for-1995-2009-by-subtype-age-and-sex-concord-2-a-population-based-study-of-individual-data-for-89%C3%A2-828-children-from-198-registries-in-53-countries
#17
Audrey Bonaventure, Rhea Harewood, Charles A Stiller, Gemma Gatta, Jacqueline Clavel, Daniela C Stefan, Helena Carreira, Devon Spika, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Rafael Peris-Bonet, Marion Piñeros, Milena Sant, Claudia E Kuehni, Michael F G Murphy, Michel P Coleman, Claudia Allemani
BACKGROUND: Global inequalities in access to health care are reflected in differences in cancer survival. The CONCORD programme was designed to assess worldwide differences and trends in population-based cancer survival. In this population-based study, we aimed to estimate survival inequalities globally for several subtypes of childhood leukaemia. METHODS: Cancer registries participating in CONCORD were asked to submit tumour registrations for all children aged 0-14 years who were diagnosed with leukaemia between Jan 1, 1995, and Dec 31, 2009, and followed up until Dec 31, 2009...
April 11, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409727/clival-chordomas-considerations-after-16-years-of-endoscopic-endonasal-surgery
#18
Matteo Zoli, Laura Milanese, Rocco Bonfatti, Marco Faustini-Fustini, Gianluca Marucci, Giovanni Tallini, Corrado Zenesini, Carmelo Sturiale, Giorgio Frank, Ernesto Pasquini, Diego Mazzatenta
OBJECTIVE In the past decade, the role of the endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) has relevantly evolved for skull base tumors. In this study, the authors review their surgical experience with using an EEA in the treatment of clival chordomas, which are deep and infiltrative skull base lesions, and they highlight the advantages and limitations of this ventral approach. METHODS All consecutive cases of chordoma treated with an EEA between 1998 and 2015 at a single institution are included in this study. Preoperative assessment consisted of neuroimaging (MRI and CT with angiography sequences) and endocrinological, neurological, and ophthalmological evaluations, which were repeated 3 months after surgery and annually thereafter...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407994/the-pma-scale-a-measure-of-physicians-motivation-to-adopt-medical-devices
#19
Maximilian H M Hatz, Tim Sonnenschein, Carl Rudolf Blankart
BACKGROUND: Studies have often stated that individual-level determinants are important drivers for the adoption of medical devices. Empirical evidence supporting this claim is, however, scarce. At the individual level, physicians' adoption motivation was often considered important in the context of adoption decisions, but a clear notion of its dimensions and corresponding measurement scales is not available. OBJECTIVES: To develop and subsequently validate a scale to measure the motivation to adopt medical devices of hospital-based physicians...
April 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406655/heterogeneity-in-externalizing-problems-at-age-3-association-with-age-15-biological-and-environmental-outcomes
#20
Kostas A Fanti, Eva Kimonis
Investigating heterogeneity in antisocial behavior early in life is essential for understanding the etiology, development, prognosis, and treatment of these problems. Data from the longitudinal National Institute of Child Health and Development (NICHD) study of Early Child Care were used to identify homogeneous groups of young antisocial children differentiated on externalizing problems, internalizing problems, and callous-unemotional (CU) traits using latent profile analysis (LPA). We examined how identified subgroups were differentiated on adolescent social, biological, cognitive, and environmental outcomes, controlling for dispositional and contextual antecedents during the first 2 years of life...
April 13, 2017: Developmental Psychology
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