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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918381/assessing-decisional-capacity-for-research-participation-in-psychiatric-patients-and-their-relatives
#1
Donae Elizabeth George, Saumil Dholakia, Prathap Tharyan
A cross-sectional study among adult inpatients with non-organic psychiatric disorders, and among their key relatives, assessed their comprehension and recall of key information in consent forms. It also assessed their capacity to consent to participate in two hypothetical randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with different potential risks and burdens, using structured questionnaires and recorded interviews. Of the 24 participants (12 patient-key relative dyads), seven patients (58%) and three key relatives (25%) were clinically judged to lack the capacity to consent...
August 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918120/moment-by-moment-in-women-s-recovery-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-to-test-the-efficacy-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-treatment-retention-and-relapse-prevention-among-women-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#2
Hortensia Amaro, David S Black
Although therapeutic treatments exist for substance use disorder (SUD), about half of individuals who enter treatment leave early and relapse to substance use. Early dropout from residential treatment places individuals at risk of relapse, and women in SUD residential treatment represent a vulnerable population. Evidence gaps persist for the use of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) among racially and ethnically diverse women with SUDs, especially regarding the efficacy of MBIs adapted to prevent residential dropout and relapse...
September 13, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916268/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-portugal-results-from-the-first-portuguese-health-examination-survey-insef-2015
#3
Vânia Gaio, Liliana Antunes, Sónia Namorado, Marta Barreto, Ana Gil, Irina Kyslaya, Ana Paula Rodrigues, Ana Santos, Linn Bøhler, Emília Castilho, Patrícia Vargas, Isabel do Carmo, Baltazar Nunes, Carlos Matias Dias
Obesity is recognised as a serious public health issue, due to its associated morbidity and mortality. This study aimed at estimating the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the Portuguese population through direct measurements obtained by the 1st National Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015) and to identify its associated sociodemographic factors. INSEF was a nationally representative cross-sectional prevalence study conducted on 4911 Portuguese adults aged 25-74 years, in 2015. Height and weight were measured according to the European Health Examination Survey procedures...
September 12, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915814/mediation-effects-of-medication-information-processing-and-adherence-on-association-between-health-literacy-and-quality-of-life
#4
Sunmi Song, Seung-Mi Lee, Sunmee Jang, Yoon Jin Lee, Na-Hyun Kim, Hye-Ryoung Sohn, Dong-Churl Suh
BACKGROUND: To examine whether medication related information processing defined as reading of over-the-counter drug labels, understanding prescription instructions, and information seeking-and medication adherence account for the association between health literacy and quality of life, and whether these associations may be moderated by age and gender. METHODS: A sample of 305 adults in South Korea was recruited through a proportional quota sampling to take part in a cross-sectional survey on health literacy, medication-related information processing, medication adherence, and quality of life...
September 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912107/a-short-food-literacy-questionnaire-sflq-for-adults-findings-from-a-swiss-validation-study
#5
Corinna Gréa Krause, Sigrid Beer-Borst, Katrin Sommerhalder, Stefanie Hayoz, Thomas Abel
The short food literacy questionnaire (SFLQ) was developed to measure a broad range of skills including functional, interactive, and critical elements of FL. This study evaluated SFLQ measurement properties. We used a workplace intervention trial to reduce salt intake in Switzerland to explore the underlying structure of the questionnaire with 350 respondents and identify the ideal number of SFLQ items to capture the different elements of FL. Exploratory factor analysis showed a unidimensional structure of the final 12-item questionnaire...
September 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906188/analysis-of-the-omaha-system-prototype-icons-for-health-literacy-a-global-survey
#6
Yu Jin Kang, Karen A Monsen, Barbara E Martinson, Annika E Stromme, Elizabeth G Weirich, Ryan N Schneider, Emily C Lawrence, Taylor A Maki, Chikako Seebold, Karen S Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905727/-teach-to-goal-to-better-assess-informed-consent-comprehension-among-incarcerated-clinical-research-participants
#7
Cyrus Ahalt, Rebecca Sudore, Marielle Bolano, Lia Metzger, Anna M Darby, Brie Williams
Correctional health research requires important safeguards to ensure that research participation is ethically conducted. In addition to having disproportionately low educational attainment and low literacy, incarcerated people suffer from health-related conditions that can affect cognition (e.g., traumatic brain injury, substance use disorders, mental illness). Yet modified informed consent processes that assess participants' comprehension of the risks and benefits of participation are not required by relevant federal guidelines...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902724/validation-of-the-integrated-model-of-health-literacy-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#8
Wen-Hsuan Hou, Yi-Jing Huang, Yen Lee, Cheng-Te Chen, Gong-Hong Lin, Ching-Lin Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) enables patients with breast cancer to actively participate in health decisions and promote positive health outcomes. The Integrated Model of Health Literacy (IMHL), defined as the personal, situational, and societal/environmental factors that predict the level of HL that can influence health outcomes, incorporates the concepts, determinants, and consequences of HL. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the mechanisms and completeness of the IMHL in patients with breast cancer...
September 11, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902480/the-ontario-food-and-nutrition-strategy-identifying-indicators-of-food-access-and-food-literacy-for-early-monitoring-of-the-food-environment
#9
Beatrice A Boucher, Elizabeth Manafò, Meaghan R Boddy, Lynn Roblin, Rebecca Truscott
INTRODUCTION: To address challenges Canadians face within their food environments, a comprehensive, multistakeholder, intergovernmental approach to policy development is essential. Food environment indicators are needed to assess population status and change. The Ontario Food and Nutrition Strategy (OFNS) integrates the food, agriculture and nutrition sectors, and aims to improve the health of Ontarians through actions that promote healthy food systems and environments. This report describes the process of identifying indicators for 11 OFNS action areas in two strategic directions (SDs): Healthy Food Access, and Food Literacy and Skills...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902264/intimate-partner-violence-as-a-predictor-of-antenatal-care-service-utilization-in-honduras
#10
Anne K Sebert Kuhlmann, Janine Foggia, Qiang Fu, Manuel Sierra
Objective: To describe the relationship between exposure to physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) and indicators of antenatal care (ANC) service utilization among Honduran women of reproductive age. Methods: Data from the 2011-2012 Honduras Demographic and Health Survey were analyzed to describe the relationship between self-reported exposure to IPV and two ANC outcomes: (1) sufficient ANC visits (defined by the Honduran Ministry of Health as five or more visits) and (2) early ANC initiation (within the first trimester)...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901159/health-information-preferences-of-parents-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#11
Adam M Drent, David C Brousseau, Andrea K Morrison
Parents of children seeking nonurgent care in the emergency department completed surveys concerning media use and preferences for health education material. Results were compiled using descriptive statistics, compared by health literacy level with logistic regression, adjusting for race/ethnicity and income. Semistructured qualitative interviews to elicit reasons for preferences, content preference, and impact of health information were conducted and analyzed using content analysis. Surveys (n = 71) showed that despite equal access to online health information, parents with low health literacy were more likely to use the internet less frequently than daily ( P < ...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900627/predictors-of-hypertension-among-nonpregnant-females-attending-health-promotion-clinic-with-special-emphasis-on-smokeless-tobacco-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Devika Bhatt, Shashi Sharma, Ruchika Gupta, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ravi Mehrotra
AIM: To determine the predictors of hypertension among nonpregnant females attending a health promotion clinic. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study was conducted during March to June 2016, at the National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, India. METHODS: The study included 319 nonpregnant females of age 20-70 years. Demographics such as age, literacy, and income were noted. History regarding use, frequency, and quantity of smokeless tobacco was taken...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899712/an-empirical-test-of-the-health-empowerment-model-does-patient-empowerment-moderate-the-effect-of-health-literacy-on-health-status
#13
Lilla Náfrádi, Kent Nakamoto, Márta Csabai, Orsolya Papp-Zipernovszky, Peter J Schulz
OBJECTIVE: The Health Empowerment Model (Schulz & Nakamoto, 2013) advocates that the effects of health literacy and empowerment are intertwined on health outcomes. This study aims to test this assumption in the context of health status as a patient outcome. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 302 participants between June and December 2015. The participants' health literacy (using the NVS and S-TOFHLA tests), empowerment and self-reported health status were assessed...
September 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899710/health-literacy-and-coronary-artery-disease-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Gabriela Suéllen da Silva Chaves, Raquel Rodrigues Britto, Paul Oh
OBJECTIVE: Identify health literacy (HL) screening instruments available to CAD patients; describe the prevalence of low HL; explore the predictors of low HL; and, identify the association between HL, health behaviors, and outcomes among these patients. METHODS: A literature search of electronic databases was conducted for published articles from database inception to February 2017. Eligible articles included the assessment of HL in CAD patients. Health behaviors and outcomes included diet, exercise, smoking, medication use, hospital readmission, knowledge, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and psychosocial indicators...
September 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895659/implementation-strategies-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#15
REVIEW
Tomas Pantoja, Newton Opiyo, Simon Lewin, Elizabeth Paulsen, Agustín Ciapponi, Charles S Wiysonge, Cristian A Herrera, Gabriel Rada, Blanca Peñaloza, Lilian Dudley, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: A key function of health systems is implementing interventions to improve health, but coverage of essential health interventions remains low in low-income countries. Implementing interventions can be challenging, particularly if it entails complex changes in clinical routines; in collaborative patterns among different healthcare providers and disciplines; in the behaviour of providers, patients or other stakeholders; or in the organisation of care. Decision-makers may use a range of strategies to implement health interventions, and these choices should be based on evidence of the strategies' effectiveness...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894716/seroprevalence-of-igg-antibodies-against-echinococcus-granulosus-by-elisa-method-using-recombinant-agb-in-lorestan-province-western-iran
#16
Vahid Fallah Omrani, Soheila Rouhani, Bahram Kazemi, Seyyed Javad Seyyedtabaei, Farnaz Kheirandish, Maysam Rezapour
BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease with global prevalence, which causes considerable health problems and economic losses throughout the world. The aim of this study was to assess the seroepidemiology of CE in Doroud City, Lorestan Province, Iran, considered a neglected endemic location. METHODS: An ELISA was performed using recombinant AgB from Apr to Jul 2015 in Lorestan Province, Western Iran. The commercial Hydatidosis IgG ELISA kit (Vircell SL, Granada, Spain) was used to confirm the obtained results...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894707/health-literacy-among-visitors-of-district-polyclinics-in-almaty-kazakhstan
#17
Gaukhar Kayupova, Botagoz Turdaliyeva, Kazbek Tulebayev, Tuyen Van Duong, Peter Wushou Chang, Diana Zagulova
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate health literacy levels of patients in Almaty City, Kazakhstan and to identify socio-demographics and socio-economic factors related to their health literacy. METHODS: An international survey instrument HLS-EU-Q developed by the European Health Literacy Consortium was used in a cross-sectional study with 1000 citizens in the Almaty City at the age of 18 and over who visited the out-patient departments in the polyclinics between Feb and Oct 2014...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892934/why-do-patients-undergoing-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-treatment-turn-defaulters-a-follow-up-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-jamnagar-india
#18
Amrita Sarkar, Abhay Javia, Pradeep Pithadia, Dipesh Parmar
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), a progressive respiratory illness requiring long-term treatment, is a significant cause of morbidity, mortality and economic burden on the family as well as the country. In the tertiary health care facility where the study was carried out, it was observed that many COPD patients did not come for regular follow up. In these patients, treatment interruption may lead to increased morbidity and mortality. AIM: This study aimed to find out the reasons for defaulting follow up and treatment in COPD patients...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888502/health-literacy-in-adolescents-with-sickle-cell-disease
#19
Elizabeth L Perry, Patricia A Carter, Heather A Becker, Alexandra A Garcia, Michael Mackert, Karen E Johnson
PURPOSE: To evaluate health literacy in a cohort of 75 adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD). DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional, descriptive correlational study included assessment of demographic measures and appraisal of data resulting from completion of the REALM-Teen and Newest Vital Sign (NVS) instruments by 75 Black, non-Hispanic adolescents with SCD. Convenience sampling was utilized. Inclusion criteria were a diagnosis of one of the four primary genotypes of SCD and age 10-19years...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886146/association-between-health-literacy-and-patient-experience-of-primary-care-attributes-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#20
Takuya Aoki, Machiko Inoue
Primary care is regarded as a setting that potentially mitigate patient health literacy (HL) related inequalities. However, there is a lack of evidence about influence of patient HL on the patients' perception of quality of primary care. We aimed to examine the association between HL and patient experience of primary care attributes. We conducted a cross-sectional survey, and sent questionnaires to adult residents who were randomly selected from a basic resident register in Yugawara Town, Kanagawa, Japan. We assessed HL using a 14-item Health Literacy Scale (HLS-14) and patient experience of primary care attributes using a Japanese version of Primary Care Assessment Tool (JPCAT), which comprises six domains: first contact, longitudinality, coordination, comprehensiveness (services available), comprehensiveness (services provided), and community orientation...
2017: PloS One
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