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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538930/dissatisfaction-with-the-dental-services-and-associated-factors-among-adults
#1
Luana Leal Roberto, Andréa Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Alfredo Maurício Batista de Paula, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Desirée Sant' Ana Haikal
This study aimed to identify factors associated with dissatisfaction with dental services among adults. It analyzed 830 adult participants of an epidemiological survey of oral health. The dependent variable was dissatisfaction with the dental service, and the independent ones were selected according to the theoretical model set forth by Andersen and Davidson (1997). Estimates were corrected by the sample design effect, and Binary Logistic Regression was carried out. It was found that about 11% of adults were dissatisfied with the dental service...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538462/influencing-scope-of-practice-policy-and-health-literacy-an-interview-with-dr-joy-deupree
#2
Jeffrey M Adams
This department highlights emerging nursing leaders who have demonstrated leadership in advancing innovation and patient care in practice policy, research, education, and theory. This interview profiles Joy Deupree, assistant professor, School of Nursing, The University of Alabama at Birmingham.
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537772/health-related-behaviors-moderate-the-association-between-age-and-self-reported-health-literacy-among-taiwanese-women
#3
Tuyen-Van Duong, Kristine Sørensen, Jürgen M Pelikan, Stephan Van den Broucke, I-Feng Lin, Ying-Chin Lin, Hsiao-Ling Huang, Peter Wushou Chang
The role of health-related behaviors in the association between age and health literacy has not been well-elucidated. The present cross-sectional study evaluated the interactions between age and health-related behaviors in a 942 women in Taiwan between February and October 2013. Women aged 18-78 years were randomly sampled and recruited from the national administrative system. Self-reported health literacy was measured by the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47) in Mandarin, asking about socio-demographics and essential health-related behaviors (watching health-related television, community involvement)...
May 24, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533684/stigma-associated-with-mental-illness-perspectives-of-university-students-in-qatar
#4
Monica Zolezzi, Nawal Bensmail, Farah Zahrah, Salma Mawfek Khaled, Tayseer El-Gaili
BACKGROUND: Stigma in relation to mental illness is one of the main factors inhibiting people from seeking help. Studies have been undertaken looking into the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KAB) about mental illness among residents in Qatar; however, none have looked specifically at students in higher education. The aim of this study was to understand the KAB toward mental illness among students at a Qatari university and determine if there are any differences based on gender, nationality, and college type...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531097/evolution-not-revolution-nutrition-and-obesity
#5
Elaine C Rush, Mary R Yan
The increasing prevalence of obesity over the course of life is a global health challenge because of its strong and positive association with significant health problems such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and some cancers. The complex causes and drivers of obesity include genetic factors, social, ecological and political influences, food production and supply, and dietary patterns. Public health messages and government food and activity guidelines have little impact; the retail food environment has many low-priced, nutrient-poor, but energy-dense products and there is a gap between what an individual knows and what they do...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530444/real-world-strategies-to-engage-and-retain-racial-ethnic-minority-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-hiv-prevention-services
#6
Thomas E Freese, Howard Padwa, Brandy T Oeser, Beth A Rutkowski, Marya T Schulte
Racial/ethnic minority young men who have sex with men (YMSM)-particularly African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos-are at particularly high risk for HIV infection. Devising strategies to improve engagement and retention in HIV prevention services among minority YMSM is critical if the United States is going to achieve the National HIV/AIDS Strategy goal of reducing HIV health-related disparities. This article presents findings from a national summit on racial/ethnic YMSM services convened by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration-funded Center of Excellence on Racial and Ethnic Minority Young Men Who Have Sex with Men and Other Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations (YMSM + LGBT CoE) in September 2015...
May 22, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528527/health-literacy-and-associated-factors-among-hmong-american-immigrants-addressing-the-health-disparities
#7
Belle P Khuu, Hee Y Lee, Anne Q Zhou
Hmong Americans face a disproportionate health burden ranging from the high prevalence of diabetes to depressive disorders. Little research attention has been paid toward exploring contributing factors to this disparity. As such, the present study seeks to fill the gap in the literature by examining the health literacy levels in Hmong Americans and its associated factors. The present study employed Andersen's behavioral model of health service as the theoretical framework. A cross-sectional survey research design was used and information was gathered from 168 Hmong American immigrants...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528525/urban-youth-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-lead-poisoning
#8
Sandra Bogar, Aniko Szabo, Shane Woodruff, Sheri Johnson
Environmental health literacy (EHL) is a promising and evolving field of research that could benefit from youth engagement. Yet studies focused on youths' environmental health awareness and concerns are limited. For example, although lead exposure remains a threat to youth development in urban environments, no published studies have measured urban youth's knowledge of lead poisoning. A CBPR partnership established a youth advisory council (YAC) who helped to design, interpret and disseminate a mixed methods study exploring environmental health perceptions among urban youths ages 10-18...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527636/shared-decision-making-in-west-africa-the-forgotten-area
#9
Ndeye Thiab Diouf, Ali Ben Charif, Lionel Adisso, Rhéda Adekpedjou, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Tatiana Titilayo Agbadjé, Mama Joyce Dogba, Mirjam Marjolein Garvelink
Up to now, little attention has been paid to West Africa when it comes to shared decision making (SDM). West African countries seem to lag behind with regard to SDM initiatives compared to many other countries in the world. There is some interest in informed decision-making or informed consent, but little in a full SDM process. Few decision-making tools are available for healthcare professionals and the majority are not designed to support decision-making with patients. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge, there are no training programs for implementing SDM in healthcare teams...
May 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526058/meal-frequency-and-dietary-diversity-feeding-practices-among-children-6-23%C3%A2-months-of-age-in-wolaita-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia
#10
Tefera Chane Mekonnen, Shimelash Bitew Workie, Tesfa Mekonen Yimer, Wubalem Fekadu Mersha
BACKGROUND: Child feeding practices are multidimensional, and they change rapidly within short age intervals. Suboptimal complementary feeding practices contribute to a rapid increase in the prevalence of undernutrition in children in the age of 6-23 months. Information on child feeding practices among urban resident is limited in Ethiopia. The aim was to measure minimum meal frequency and dietary diversity and associated factors among children 6-23 months of age in Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526009/measuring-health-literacy-among-low-literate-people-an-exploratory-feasibility-study-with-the-hls-eu-questionnaire
#11
Hannelore Storms, Neree Claes, Bert Aertgeerts, Stephan Van den Broucke
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) is defined as necessary competencies to make well-informed decisions. As patients' decision making is a key element of patient-centered health care, insight in patients' HL might help healthcare professionals to organize their care accordingly. This is particularly true for people in a vulnerable situation, potentially with limited HL, who are, for instance, at greater risk of having limited access to care [1, 2]. As HL correlates with education, instruments should allow inclusion of low literate people...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525723/effectiveness-of-a-decision-aid-in-potentially-vulnerable-patients-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-chest-pain-choice-multicenter-randomized-trial
#12
Kristin L Rising, Judd E Hollander, Jason T Schaffer, Jeffrey A Kline, Carlos A Torres, Deborah B Diercks, Russell Jones, Kelly P Owen, Zachary F Meisel, Michel Demers, Annie Leblanc, Nilay D Shah, Jonathan Inselman, Jeph Herrin, Victor M Montori, Erik P Hess
BACKGROUND: We test the hypotheses that use of the Chest Pain Choice (CPC) decision aid (DA) would be similarly effective in potentially vulnerable subgroups but increase knowledge more in patients with higher education and trust in physicians more in patients from racial minority groups. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized trial in adults with chest pain potentially due to acute coronary syndrome. The trial compared an intervention group engaged in shared decision making (SDM) using CPC to a control group receiving usual care (UC)...
May 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524902/health-literacy-assessment-feasibility-in-a-breast-surgical-oncology-clinic%C3%A2
#13
Jessica Keim-Malpass, Aubrey Doede, Christine Kennedy, Shayna L Showalter
Health literacy is recognized as an integral component of high-quality health care. However, health literacy has been understudied in the context of cancer care delivery and surgical decision making. The goal of this article is to outline a process for implementation of a health literacy screening assessment within the routine practices of an academic breast surgical oncology clinic. The self-reported health literacy assessment is feasible, particularly with integration of the health literacy screen in the electronic health record...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524810/gender-and-leadership-for-health-literacy-to-combat-the-epidemic-rise-of-non-communicable-diseases
#14
Rufaro Manhanzva, Praise Marara, Theodore Duxbury, Amy Claire Bobbins, Noel Pearse, Erik Hoel, Thandi Mzizi, Sunitha C Srinivas
Until recently, the Non Communicable Diseases (NCD) epidemic has been considered only a significant burden to men in high-income countries. However, latest figures indicate that half of all NCD-related deaths affect women, especially in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs), with global responses to the NCD epidemic overlooking the significance of women and girls in their approaches and programmes. This case study highlights the burden of disease challenging South Africa that disproportionately affects women in the country, and suggests that the country, along with other LMICs internationally, requires a shift in the gender-based leadership of health literacy and self-empowerment...
May 19, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523960/the-health-literacy-dyad-the-contribution-of-future-gps-in-england
#15
Oana R Groene, Jane Wills, Nicola Crichton, Gill Rowlands, Rima R Rudd
BACKGROUND: Health literacy studies have primarily focused on the cognitive and social skills of individuals needed to gain access to, understand, and use health information. This area of study is undergoing a paradigm shift with increased attention being paid to the skills of practitioners and an examination of their contribution to the link between literacy and health outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe the health literacy related competencies of General Practice (GP) trainees who will soon be responsible for the clinical encounter...
May 19, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523795/efficacy-of-an-oral-health-literacy-intervention-among-indigenous-australian-adults
#16
Xiangqun Ju, David Brennan, Eleanor Parker, Helen Mills, Kostas Kapellas, Lisa Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of an oral health literacy intervention on oral health literacy-related outcomes among rural-dwelling Indigenous Australian adults. METHODS: A total of 400 Indigenous adults (203 intervention and 197 control participants) were recruited into a randomized controlled trial; a functional, context-specific oral health literacy interventions were developed and implemented by Indigenous staff. The intervention comprised five sessions, each lasting 1...
May 19, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521753/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-neonatal-and-postneonatal-mortality-evidence-from-rural-iran-1998-2013
#17
Alireza Khajavi, Farhad Pishgar, Mina Dehghani, Shohreh Naderimagham
BACKGROUND: Over the past three decades, interventions have been implemented to reduce childhood mortality in Iran. Despite declines in overall mortality rates, inequalities in mortality across socioeconomic groups have remained unchanged. In this study, we assessed inequalities in infant mortality in rural regions of Iran. METHODS: We obtained data from the Iranian vital registration system, which includes data on 5,626,158 live births, 79,457 neonatal deaths, and 36,397 postneonatal deaths in rural areas of Iran over the course of a 16-year period, which was then divided into 4 four-year intervals...
May 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520838/effect-of-the-prepare-website-vs-an-easy-to-read-advance-directive-on-advance-care-planning-documentation-and-engagement-among-veterans-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Rebecca L Sudore, John Boscardin, Mariko A Feuz, Ryan D McMahan, Mary T Katen, Deborah E Barnes
Importance: Documentation rates of patients' medical wishes are often low. It is unknown whether easy-to-use, patient-facing advance care planning (ACP) interventions can overcome barriers to planning in busy primary care settings. Objective: To compare the efficacy of an interactive, patient-centered ACP website (PREPARE) with an easy-to-read advance directive (AD) to increase planning documentation. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a comparative effectiveness randomized clinical trial from April 2013 to July 2016 conducted at multiple primary care clinics at the San Francisco VA Medical Center...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516370/health-literacy-skills-and-the-benefits-of-cardiovascular-disease-prevention
#19
EDITORIAL
R J G Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515549/evaluation-of-modified-patient-health-questionnaire-9-teen-in-south-african-adolescents
#20
Shilpa Aggarwal, Lian Taljard, Zane Wilson, Michael Berk
BACKGROUND: This report describes the findings of the survey conducted by South African Depression and Anxiety Group (SADAG) in a cohort of disadvantaged South African adolescent scholars in which PHQ-9 teen version was modified and adapted (PHQ-9M) to improve the response rate. METHOD: PHQ-9M was administered to 2025 secondary students of 35 schools over 2 years in Gauteng Province, South Africa. RESULTS: The mean age was 15.8 years. 23% of respondents scored 9 or above, 26...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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