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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324943/overcoming-spatio-temporal-limitations-using-dynamically-scaled-in-vitro-pc-mri-a-flow-field-comparison-to-true-scale-computer-simulations-of-idealized-stented-and-patient-specific-left-main-bifurcations
#1
Susann Beier, John Ormiston, Mark Webster, John Cater, Stuart Norris, Pau Medrano-Gracia, Alistair Young, Kathleen Gilbert, Brett Cowan
The majority of patients with angina or heart failure have coronary artery disease. Left main bifurcations are particularly susceptible to pathological narrowing. Flow is a major factor of atheroma development, but limitations in imaging technology such as spatio-temporal resolution, signal-to-noise ratio (SNRv), and imaging artefacts prevent in vivo investigations. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling is a common numerical approach to study flow, but it requires a cautious and rigorous application for meaningful results...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319281/successful-secukinumab-treatment-of-generalized-pustular-psoriasis-and-erythrodermic-psoriasis
#2
C Mugheddu, L Atzori, A Lappi, M Pau, S Murgia, F Rongioletti
Erythrodermic psoriasis (EP) and generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) are the most severe forms of psoriasis, resulting in significant morbidity and even mortality (1) . There are few evidence-based data on their treatment (2,3) . Secukinumab, a fully human anti-IL-17A monoclonal antibody, demonstrated strong efficacy in treating moderate to severe plaque-type psoriasis (4,5) . This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319022/recovery-of-lignin-peroxidase-from-submerged-liquid-fermentation-of-amauroderma-rugosum-blume-t-nees-torrend-using-polyethylene-glycol-salt-aqueous-two-phase-system
#3
Wan Yng Linda Jong, Pau Loke Show, Tau Chuan Ling, Yee Shin Tan
Amauroderma rugosum is a wild mushroom species widely distributed in tropics and is classified under the class of Basidiomycetes. Basidiomycetes are well-known for their abilities of producing lignocellulolytic enzymes such as lignin peroxidase (LiP), laccase (Lac) and manganese peroxidase (MnP). Different factors such as nutrient sources, incubation period and agitation affect the production of lignocellulolytic enzymes. The A. rugosum produced LiP in the medium supplemented with potato dextrose broth (PDB), 0...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319009/the-unique-domain-forms-a-fuzzy-intramolecular-complex-in-src-family-kinases
#4
Miguel Arbesú, Mariano Maffei, Tiago N Cordeiro, João M C Teixeira, Yolanda Pérez, Pau Bernadó, Serge Roche, Miquel Pons
The N-terminal regulatory region of c-Src including the SH4, Unique, and SH3 domains adopts a compact, yet highly dynamic, structure that can be described as an intramolecular fuzzy complex. Most of the long-range interactions within the Unique domain are also observed in constructs lacking the structured SH3, indicating a considerable degree of preorganization of the disordered Unique domain. Here we report that members of the Src family of kinases (SFK) share well-conserved sequence features involving aromatic residues in their Unique domains...
March 16, 2017: Structure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295011/increased-dosage-of-aox1-promoter-regulated-expression-cassettes-leads-to-transcription-attenuation-of-the-methanol-metabolism-in-pichia-pastoris
#5
Elena Cámara, Nils Landes, Joan Albiol, Brigitte Gasser, Diethard Mattanovich, Pau Ferrer
The methanol-regulated alcohol oxidase promoter (PAOX1) of Pichia pastoris is one of the strongest promoters for heterologous gene expression in this methylotrophic yeast. Although increasing gene dosage is one of the most common strategies to increase recombinant protein productivities, the increase of gene dosage of Rhizopus oryzae lipase (ROL) in P. pastoris has been previously shown to reduce cell growth, lipase production and substrate consumption in high-copy strains. To better assess that physiological response, transcriptomics analysis was performed of a subset of strains with 1 to 15 ROL copies...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291392/new-molecular-assay-for-the-proliferation-signature-in-mantle-cell-lymphoma-applicable-to-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-biopsies
#6
David W Scott, Pau Abrisqueta, George W Wright, Graham W Slack, Anja Mottok, Diego Villa, Pedro Jares, Hilka Rauert-Wunderlich, Cristina Royo, Guillem Clot, Magda Pinyol, Merrill Boyle, Fong Chun Chan, Rita M Braziel, Wing C Chan, Dennis D Weisenburger, James R Cook, Timothy C Greiner, Kai Fu, German Ott, Jan Delabie, Erlend B Smeland, Harald Holte, Elaine S Jaffe, Christian Steidl, Joseph M Connors, Randy D Gascoyne, Andreas Rosenwald, Louis M Staudt, Elias Campo, Lisa M Rimsza
Purpose Mantle cell lymphoma is an aggressive B-cell neoplasm that displays heterogeneous outcomes after treatment. In 2003, the Lymphoma/Leukemia Molecular Profiling Project described a powerful biomarker-the proliferation signature-using gene expression in fresh frozen material. Herein, we describe the training and validation of a new assay that measures the proliferation signature in RNA derived from routinely available formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) biopsies. Methods Forty-seven FFPE biopsies were used to train an assay on the NanoString platform, using microarray gene expression data of matched fresh frozen biopsies as a gold standard...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290766/influence-of-school-schedules-on-physical-activity-patterns-in-primary-school-children-a-case-study-in-italy
#7
Massimiliano Pau, Federica Corona, Bruno Leban, Simona Piredda, Maria Marcella Vacca, Gioia Mura
BACKGROUND: Considering the relevant amount of time spent by children at school, it is essential to ensure that suitable levels of physical activity (PA) are guaranteed. This study aimed to assess possible changes induced in the amount and type of PA performed following the two schedules in Italian primary schools, namely regular and full time (30-40 h/week respectively). METHODS: A sample of 169 children wore a tri-axial accelerometer 24h/day for 7 consecutive days...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290483/positive-association-between-urinary-concentration-of-phthalate-metabolites-and-oxidation-of-dna-and-lipid-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#8
Chien-Yu Lin, Pau-Chung Chen, Chia-Jung Hsieh, Chao-Yu Chen, Anren Hu, Fung-Chang Sung, Hui-Ling Lee, Ta-Chen Su
Phthalate has been used worldwide in various products for years. Little is known about the association between phthalate exposure and biomarkers of oxidative stress in adolescents and young adults. Among 886 subjects recruited from a population-based cohort during 2006 to 2008, 751 subjects (12-30 years) with complete phthalate metabolites and oxidation stress measurement were enrolled in this study. Nine urine phthalate metabolites, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and 8-iso prostaglandin F2α (8-isoPGF2α) were measured in urine to assess exposure and oxidative stress to DNA and lipid, respectively...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283275/kidney-involvement-in-melas-syndrome-description-of-2-cases
#9
Pau Alcubilla-Prats, Manel Solé, Albert Botey, Josep Maria Grau, Glòria Garrabou, Esteban Poch
INTRODUCTION: MELAS syndrome -myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes- is a maternally-inherited mitochondrial cytopathy related to several mitochondrial DNA mutations, with the A3243G mutation in tRNA(Leu) gene being the most frequent of them. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Apart from its typical symptomatology, patients usually exhibit a maternally-inherited history of neurosensory deafness and insulin-dependent type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
March 7, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276576/delta-amino-levulinic-acid-dehydratase-gene-and-essential-tremor
#10
José A G Agúndez, Elena García-Martín, Hortensia Alonso-Navarro, Pedro Ayuso, Gara Esguevillas, Julián Benito-León, Sara Ortega-Cubero, Pau Pastor, Tomás López-Alburquerque, Félix Javier Jiménez-Jiménez
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Several reports found a relationship between increased serum lead levels and the risk for essential tremor (ET), especially in carriers of the minor allele of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1800435 in the aminolevulinate dehydratase (ALAD) gene, which is involved in the synthesis of heme groups. Our group reported decreased risk for ET in carriers of the minor alleles of the rs2071746 and rs1051308 SNPs in the heme-oxygenases 1 and 2 (HMOX1 and HMOX2), respectively, involved in heme metabolism...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270201/exploration-of-haplotype-research-consortium-imputation-for-genome-wide-association-studies-in-20-032-generation-scotland-participants
#11
Reka Nagy, Thibaud S Boutin, Jonathan Marten, Jennifer E Huffman, Shona M Kerr, Archie Campbell, Louise Evenden, Jude Gibson, Carmen Amador, David M Howard, Pau Navarro, Andrew Morris, Ian J Deary, Lynne J Hocking, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Blair H Smith, Peter Joshi, James F Wilson, Nicholas D Hastie, Alan F Wright, Andrew M McIntosh, David J Porteous, Chris S Haley, Veronique Vitart, Caroline Hayward
BACKGROUND: The Generation Scotland: Scottish Family Health Study (GS:SFHS) is a family-based population cohort with DNA, biological samples, socio-demographic, psychological and clinical data from approximately 24,000 adult volunteers across Scotland. Although data collection was cross-sectional, GS:SFHS became a prospective cohort due to of the ability to link to routine Electronic Health Record (EHR) data. Over 20,000 participants were selected for genotyping using a large genome-wide array...
March 7, 2017: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268133/a-systematic-review-of-clinical-decision-support-systems-for-antimicrobial-management-are-we-failing-to-investigate-these-interventions-appropriately
#12
REVIEW
Timothy M Rawson, Luke Sp Moore, Bernard Hernandez, Esmita Charani, Enrique Castro-Sanchez, Pau Herrero, Benedict Hayhoe, William Hope, Pantelis Georgiou, Alison H Holmes
OBJECTIVES: Clinical decision support systems (CDSS) for antimicrobial management can support clinicians to optimise antimicrobial therapy. We reviewed all original literature (qualitative and quantitative) to understand the current scope of CDSS for antimicrobial management and analyse existing methods used to evaluate and report such systems. METHOD: PRISMA guidelines were followed. Medline, EMBASE, HMIC Health and Management, and Global Health databases were searched from 1(st) January 1980 to 31(st) October 2015...
March 4, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265108/-confirmed-dengue-chikungunya-and-zika-cases-during-the-period-2014-to-2016-in-barcelona-spain
#13
Roser González, Esteve Camprubí, Lidia Fernández, Joan Pau Millet, Víctor Peracho, Pilar Gorrindo, Ingrid Avellanés, Arancha Romero, Joan A Caylà
OBJECTIVE: Arbovirus infections are a group of diseases whose incidence is increasing and that entail an important problem for public health. The aim of this study was to describe detected cases of arbovirosis in Barcelona, and surveillance and control actions performed in order to reduce the risk of transmission. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study of confirmed dengue, chikungunya and Zika cases in Barcelona during 2014-2016 (1st trimester). Suspected cases detected in the city were notified to the Epidemiology Department of the Barcelona Public Health Agency, where an epidemiological survey is undertaken and, if appropriate, Urban Pests Surveillance and Control Department is contacted...
March 7, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257449/effects-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-on-glaucoma-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#14
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Mei-Hing Ng, Wei-Che Chiu, Roger S McIntyre, Yena Lee, Tsang-Yaw Lin, Jun-Cheng Weng, Pau-Chung Chen, Chung-Yao Hsu
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are one of the most commonly prescribed classes of antidepressants. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness globally and iatrogenic glaucoma has been implicated across disparate medication classes. Available studies that have sought to determine the association between SSRI exposure and glaucoma have provided mixed results. The aim of the study herein was to investigate whether an association exists between SSRI exposure and glaucoma incidence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256384/osteosynthesis-using-cannulated-headless-herbert-screws-in-mandibular-angle-fracture-treatment-a-new-approach
#15
Jürgen Wallner, Knut Reinbacher, Matthias Feichtinger, Mauro Pau, Georg Feigl, Franz Quehenberger, Katja Schwenzer-Zimmerer, Wolfgang Zemann
INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the mandibular angle are a common type of facial skull fracture. Although operative treatment includes a wide range of fixation techniques, a definite gold standard method has yet to be established. Headless, cannulated Herbert screws, often used in many forms of minimally invasive trauma surgery, provide functional and stable fracture fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective, double-randomised, controlled, parallel-group - designed, in vitro trial, the biomechanical behaviour of the Herbert bone screw system was compared to that of a conventional locking plate system in 40 mandibular angle fractures of human mandible cadaver phantoms...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245786/management-of-hypertension-in-patients-with-aortic-valvular-stenosis
#16
Kanishk Agnihotri, Vikas Singh, Sidakpal S Panaich, Nileshkumar J Patel, Nilay Patel, Shilpkumar Arora, Dhaval Pau, Abhishek Deshmukh, Apurva O Badheka
Aortic stenosis (AS) has an increasing prevalence with age and is commonly associated with hypertension. While it has been established that hypertension is associated with increased mortality in patients with AS, further randomized control trials addressing the use of anti-hypertensives specifically in patients with AS are needed. The management of hypertension in patients with AS needs a cautious approach due to complex hemodynamic and structural changes involved. Comorbidities like coronary artery disease, heart failure and arrhythmias further dictate management of hypertension in patients with AS ...
February 28, 2017: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238362/the-origins-of-oncological-pancreatic-surgery-in-spain-a-tribute-to-pioneers
#17
Luis Sabater Ortí, Elena Martín-Pérez, Vicens Artigas Raventós
Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a very complex operation. Its development took place very slowly at the most prestigious centers in the world. The aim of this investigation is to know who were the first surgeons to perform a PD in Spain as well as its historical circumstances. Despite all kinds of difficulties and very few resources, the first PD in Spain were carried out in Barcelona at the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau where from the mid-50s a school of gastrointestinal surgery emerged with surgeons soon to become the spearhead of the Spanish surgery and a reference for the whole country: Pi-Figueras, Vicente Artigas, Antonio Soler-Roig and Antonio Llauradó...
February 23, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236475/update-of-the-grupo-espa%C3%A3-ol-de-leucemia-linfoc%C3%A3-tica-cr%C3%A3-nica-clinical-guidelines-of-the-management-of-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#18
José A García-Marco, Julio Delgado, José A Hernández-Rivas, Ángel Ramírez Payer, Javier Loscertales Pueyo, Isidro Jarque, Pau Abrisqueta, Pilar Giraldo, Rafael Martínez, Lucrecia Yáñez, Mª José Terol, Marcos González, Francesc Bosch
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The broad therapeutic arsenal and the biological heterogeneity of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) makes it difficult to standardize treatment for CLL patients with specific clinical settings in routine clinical practice. These considerations prompted us to elaborate the present consensus document, which constitutes an update of the previous version published in 2013, mainly focusing on novel treatment strategies that have been developed over last 5 years, namely B-cell receptor inhibitors (ibrutinib and idelalisib), anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (ofatumumab and obinutuzumab), and Bcl-2 inhibitors (venetoclax)...
February 21, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226721/overcoming-spatio-temporal-limitations-using-dynamically-scaled-in-vitro-pc-mri-a-flow-field-comparison-to-true-scale-computer-simulations-of-idealized-stented-and-patient-specific-left-main-bifurcations
#19
Susann Beier, John Ormiston, Mark Webster, John Cater, Stuart Norris, Pau Medrano-Gracia, Alistair Young, Kathleen Gilbert, Brett Cowan, Susann Beier, John Ormiston, Mark Webster, John Cater, Stuart Norris, Pau Medrano-Gracia, Alistair Young, Kathleen Gilbert, Brett Cowan, Stuart Norris, Brett Cowan, Pau Medrano-Gracia, Kathleen Gilbert, Mark Webster, Alistair Young, Susann Beier, John Cater, John Ormiston
The majority of patients with angina or heart failure have coronary artery disease. Left main bifurcations are particularly susceptible to pathological narrowing. Flow is a major factor of atheroma development, but limitations in imaging technology such as spatio-temporal resolution, signal-to-noise ratio (SNRv), and imaging artefacts prevent in vivo investigations. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling is a common numerical approach to study flow, but it requires a cautious and rigorous application for meaningful results...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225438/levels-of-intracellular-phosphorylated-tenofovir-and-emtricitabine-correlate-with-natural-substrate-concentrations-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-persons-prescribed-daily-oral-truvadatm-for-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis
#20
Richard E Haaland, Angela Holder, Chou-Pong Pau, Alison Swaims-Kohlmeier, Carolyn Dawson, Dawn K Smith, Tebogo M Segolodi, Michael C Thigpen, Lynn A Paxton, Teresa L Parsons, Craig W Hendrix, Clyde E Hart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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