Read by QxMD icon Read


Chih-Fu Wei, Mei-Huei Chen, Ching-Chun Lin, Yueliang Leon Guo, Shio-Jean Lin, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Pau-Chung Chen
BACKGROUND: Air pollution from biomass burning were associated with neurodevelopmental deceleration, but limited studies concerned about the effect of indoor biomass burning. Incense burning is a common household ritual practice in Taiwan, while past studies mainly focused on birth weight and allergic disease. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to find the association between incense burning exposure and children's neurodevelopment. METHODS: In Taiwan Birth Cohort Study (TBCS), a nationwide representative birth cohort study, children were assessed upon home interview with structured questionnaires upon six and eighteen months old...
March 17, 2018: Environment International
Stéphanie Philtjens, Sara Van Mossevelde, Julie van der Zee, Eline Wauters, Lubina Dillen, Mathieu Vandenbulcke, Rik Vandenberghe, Adrian Ivanoiu, Anne Sieben, Christiana Willems, Luisa Benussi, Roberta Ghidoni, Giuliano Binetti, Barbara Borroni, Alessandro Padovani, Pau Pastor, Monica Diez-Fairen, Miquel Aguilar, Alexandre de Mendonça, Gabriel Miltenberger-Miltényi, Isabel Hernández, Merce Boada, Agustín Ruiz, Benedetta Nacmias, Sandro Sorbi, Maria Rosário Almeida, Isabel Santana, Jordi Clarimón, Alberto Lleó, Giovanni B Frisoni, Raquel Sanchez-Valle, Albert Lladó, Estrella Gómez-Tortosa, Ellen Gelpi, Marleen Van den Broeck, Karin Peeters, Patrick Cras, Peter P De Deyn, Sebastiaan Engelborghs, Marc Cruts, Christine Van Broeckhoven
We investigated the genetic role of sortilin (SORT1) in frontotemporal dementia (FTD). SORT1 is the neuronal receptor for granulin, encoded by the progranulin gene (GRN), a major causal gene for inherited FTD. In Belgian cohorts of 636 FTD patients and 1066 unaffected control individuals, we identified 5 patient-only nonsynonymous rare variants in SORT1. Rare variant burden analysis showed a significant increase in rare coding variants in patients compared to control individuals (p = 0.04), particularly in the β-propeller domain (p = 0...
February 17, 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
Charrise M Ramkissoon, Pau Herrero, Jorge Bondia, Josep Vehi
The artificial pancreas (AP) system is designed to regulate blood glucose in subjects with type 1 diabetes using a continuous glucose monitor informed controller that adjusts insulin infusion via an insulin pump. However, current AP developments are mainly hybrid closed-loop systems that include feed-forward actions triggered by the announcement of meals or exercise. The first step to fully closing the loop in the AP requires removing meal announcement, which is currently the most effective way to alleviate postprandial hyperglycemia due to the delay in insulin action...
March 16, 2018: Sensors
Beatriz Galatas, Helena Martí-Soler, Lidia Nhamussua, Pau Cisteró, Pedro Aide, Francisco Saute, Clara Menéndez, N Regina Rabinovich, Pedro L Alonso, Quique Bassat, Alfredo Mayor
Background: Afebrile Plasmodium falciparum infections usually remain undetected and untreated in the community and could potentially contribute to sustaining local malaria transmission in areas aiming for malaria elimination. Methods: Thirty-two men with afebrile P. falciparum infections detected with rapid diagnostic test (RDTs) were followed for 28 days. Kaplan-Meier estimates were computed to estimate probability of parasite positivity and of reducing parasitaemia by half of its initial level by day 28...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Albert Ariza-Solé, Carme Guerrero, Francesc Formiga, Jaime Aboal, Emad Abu-Assi, Francisco Marín, Héctor Bueno, Oriol Alegre, Ramón López-Palop, María T Vidán, Manuel Martínez-Sellés, Pablo Díez-Villanueva, Pau Vilardell, Alessandro Sionis, Miquel Vives-Borrás, Juan Sanchís, Jordi Bañeras, Agnès Rafecas, Cinta Llibre, Javier López, Violeta González-Salvado, Àngel Cequier
BACKGROUND:  Bleeding risk scores have shown a limited predictive ability in elderly patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). No study explored the role of a comprehensive geriatric assessment to predict in-hospital bleeding in this clinical setting. METHODS:  The prospective multicentre LONGEVO-SCA registry included 532 unselected patients with non-ST segment elevation ACS (NSTEACS) aged 80 years or older. Comorbidity (Charlson index), frailty (FRAIL scale), disability (Barthel index and Lawton-Brody index), cognitive status (Pfeiffer test) and nutritional risk (mini nutritional assessment-short form test) were assessed during hospitalization...
March 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Ester Lozano, Tania Díaz, Mari-Pau Mena, Guillermo Suñe, Xavier Calvo, Marcos Calderón, Lorena Pérez-Amill, Vanina Rodríguez, Patricia Pérez-Galán, Gaël Roué, M Teresa Cibeira, Laura Rosiñol, Ignacio Isola, Luis-Gerardo Rodríguez-Lobato, Beatriz Martin-Antonio, Joan Bladé, Carlos Fernández de Larrea
Mechanisms of immune regulation may control proliferation of aberrant plasma cells (PCs) in patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) preventing progression to active multiple myeloma (MM). We hypothesized that CD85j ( LILRB1 ), an inhibitory immune checkpoint for B cell function, may play a role in MM pathogenesis. In this study, we report that patients with active MM had significantly lower levels of CD85j and its ligand S100A9. Decreased CD85j expression could also be detected in the premalignant condition MGUS, suggesting that loss of CD85j may be an early event promoting tumor immune escape...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Tomislav A Zrnc, Jürgen Wallner, Wolfgang Zemann, Mauro Pau, Christian Gstettner, Luka Brcic, Alexandre T Assaf, Hamid Hassanzadeh, Matthias Feichtinger, Katja Schwenzer-Zimmerer
OBJECTIVES: Determination of tumor margins in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) is mostly based on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography scans (CT). Local recurrence of disease is often correlated with the presence of positive resection margins after surgical treatment. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging plays a crucial role in the assessment of patients with SCCHN. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PET/CT could predict tumor extension...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Guang-Wen Lien, Jung-Hsuan Chen, Fang-Wei Tien, Pau-Chung Chen, Huei-Wen Chen, Hsaio-Lin Hwa, Cheng-Chung Fang, Te-I Weng, Pai-Shan Chen
Phthalates are not covalently bound to plastics. They can leach from experimental plastic devices. Due to the development of sensitive techniques, exogenous sources that interfere with the accuracy of phthalate monoester analysis can be easily detected. Here, we propose the simple and rapid dilute-and-shoot method to minimize sample handling and limit contact with laboratory apparatus, which efficiently reduced phthalate interferences mainly from experimental plasticware and improved the accuracy of analysis...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Ester Comellas, Facundo J Bellomo, Iván Rosales, Luis F Del Castillo, Ricardo Sánchez, Pau Turon, Sergio Oller
Endoluminal vacuum-assisted closure (E-VAC) is a promising therapy to treat anastomotic leakages of the oesophagus and bowel which are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. An open-pore polyurethane foam is introduced into the leakage cavity and connected to a device that applies a suction pressure to accelerate the closure of the defect. Computational analysis of this healing process can advance our understanding of the biomechanical mechanisms at play. To this aim, we use a dual-stage finite-element analysis in which (i) the structural problem addresses the cavity reduction caused by the suction and (ii) a new constitutive formulation models tissue healing via permanent deformations coupled to a stiffness increase...
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Laura Falchi, Grazia Galleri, Gian Mario Dore, Maria Teresa Zedda, Salvatore Pau, Luisa Bogliolo, Federica Ariu, Alessandra Pinna, Stefano Nieddu, Plinio Innocenzi, Sergio Ledda
BACKGROUND: Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) are able to store and release oxygen, conferring them scavenger activity against oxidative stress. However, their effects in reproductive systems are not yet well understood. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of exposure of refrigerated ram semen to CeO2 NPs for 96 h on the main structural and kinematic parameters of spermatozoa. METHODS: The ejaculates of 5 Sarda rams were collected, pooled and diluted in a soybean lecithin extender...
March 6, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Giancarlo Coghe, Giuseppina Pilloni, Erica Zucca, Micaela Porta, Federica Corona, Jessica Frau, Giuseppe Fenu, Lorena Lorefice, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Massimiliano Pau, Eleonora Cocco
BACKGROUND: The dual task paradigm (the simultaneous performance of motor and cognitive task) is used in a laboratory setting to evaluate walking impairments that affect patients' daily lives. Although promising, it is poorly standardized and neither the cognitive task nor the motor task have been validated in a matched healthy control group (HC) for multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to set up a standardized instrument to evaluate cognitive motor interference in MS using the interference test par excellence: the stroop colour word test (SCWT)...
February 24, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Ken McRae, Daniel Nedjadrasul, Raymond Pau, Bethany Pui-Hei Lo, Lisa King
concepts typically are defined in terms of lacking physical or perceptual referents. We argue instead that they are not devoid of perceptual information because knowledge of real-world situations is an important component of learning and using many abstract concepts. Although the relationship between perceptual information and abstract concepts is less straightforward than for concrete concepts, situation-based perceptual knowledge is part of many abstract concepts. In Experiment 1, participants made lexical decisions to abstract words that were preceded by related and unrelated pictures of situations...
March 2, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
Mohit Chawla, Albert Poater, Pau Besalú-Sala, Kanav Kalra, Romina Oliva, Luigi Cavallo
We employ density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TDDFT) calculations to investigate the structural, energetic and optical properties of a new computationally designed RNA alphabet, where the nucleobases,ts A,ts G,ts C, andts U (ts-bases), have been derived by replacing sulfur with selenium in the previously reported tz-bases, based on the isothiazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidine heterocycle core. We find out that the modeled non-natural bases have minimal impact on the geometry and energetics of the classical Watson-Crick base pairs, thus potentially mimicking the natural bases in a RNA duplex in terms of H-bonding...
March 2, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Herbenya Peixoto, Mariana Roxo, Hector Koolen, Felipe da Silva, Emerson Silva, Markus Santhosh Braun, Xiaojuan Wang, Michael Wink
The tree popularly known in Brazil as mulateiro or pau-mulato ( Calycophyllum spruceanum (Benth.) K. Schum.) is deeply embedded in the herbal medicine of the Amazon region. Different preparations of the bark are claimed to have anti-aging, antioxidant, antimicrobial, emollient, wound healing, hemostatic, contraceptive, stimulant, and anti-diabetic properties. The current study aims to provide the first step towards a science-based evidence of the beneficial effects of C. spruceanum in the promotion of longevity and in the modulation of age-related markers...
February 27, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Pau Herrero, Jorge Bondia, Marga Giménez, Nick Oliver, Pantelis Georgiou
BACKGROUND: People with insulin-dependent diabetes rely on an intensified insulin regimen. Despite several guidelines, they are usually impractical and fall short in achieving optimal glycemic outcomes. In this work, a novel technique for automatic adaptation of the basal insulin profile of people with diabetes on sensor-augmented pump therapy is presented. METHODS: The presented technique is based on a run-to-run control law that overcomes some of the limitations of previously proposed methods...
March 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Oriol Turró Garriga, Sílvia Farrés Costa, Albert Pérez Terré, Pau Batlle Amat
INTRODUCTION: The care of dependent persons is arduous, and requires time, energy, and physical effort on the part of caregivers. Personal characteristics, such as the sense of coherence (SOC), can influence the perceived burden and care giving. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of SOC on the perceived burden and to determine if these characteristics are associated with adherence to a psycho-educational program for informal caregivers. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Prospective observational study of caregivers of dependent persons participating in the 'School of Caregivers', a psycho-educational program for family and paid caregivers...
February 24, 2018: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
Pierre Feugier, Pauline Brice, Marc Maynadié, Patricia Franchi-Rezgui, Maya Hacini, Guy Laurent, Etienne Suc, Olivier Fitoussi, Philippe Solal-Celigny, Ghandi Damaj, Corinne Haioun, Pierre Leconte, Fatima Lazreg, Frédéric Boissard, David Pau, Gilles Salles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Patrick J Stiff, Pau Montesinos, Tony Peled, Efrat Landau, Noga Rosenheimer Goudsmid, Julie Mandel, Nira Hasson, Esti Olesinski, Ela Glukhman, David A Snyder, Einat Galamidi Cohen, Orna Srur Kidron, Dalia Bracha, Dorit Harati, Keren Ben-Abu, Etty Freind, Laurence S Freedman, Yael C Cohen, Liraz Olmer, Raya Barishev, Vanderson Rocha, Eliane Gluckman, Mary M Horowitz, Mary Eapen, Arnon Nagler, Guillermo Sanz
Umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) has a high early mortality rate primarily related to transplanted stem cell dose. To decrease early mortality and enhance engraftment, a portion of selected cord blood units (20-50%) was expanded with cytokines and the copper chelator tetraethylenepentamine (carlecortemcel-L) and transplanted with the un-manipulated fraction after myeloablative conditioning. The primary endpoint was 100 day survival which was compared to a contemporaneous double-unit cord blood transplant (DUCBT) group...
February 22, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Mi Jeong Heo, Tae Hyun Kim, Jueng Soo You, Delia Blaya, Pau Sancho-Bru, Sang Geon Kim
OBJECTIVE: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a leading cause of death among chronic liver diseases. However, its pathogenesis has not been completely established. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key contributors to liver diseases progression. This study investigated hepatocyte-abundant miRNAs dysregulated by ALD, its impact on hepatocyte injury and the underlying basis. DESIGN: Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) human and animal liver samples and hepatocytes were used to assess miR-148a levels...
February 23, 2018: Gut
Xingzhou Tu, Oliver J Spires, Xiaobo Tian, Neal Brock, Rongguang Liang, Stanley Pau
We correct two figures showing the micro-polarizer arrangement on the RGB full-Stokes camera.
February 19, 2018: Optics Express
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"