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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436137/insights-into-in-vitro-spermatogenesis-in-mammals-past-present-future
#1
REVIEW
Amir Fattahi, Zeinab Latifi, Tohid Ghasemnejad, Hamid Reza Nejabati, Mohammad Nouri
Considering the self-renewal and differentiation ability of pluripotent stem cells, some studies have pointed out the possibility of stem cell-derived sperm production. Most studies that test this hypothesis have been conducted on rodents, with some promising results; however, studies on humans are progressing slowly, and have encountered technical and ethical hurdles. Established methods to differentiate stem cells - including embryoid bodies, co-culturing, and various feeder cells - may provide a niche that is similar to in vivo conditions and resolve epigenetic abnormalities, but a gonadal-like three-dimensional structure is still required to produce germ cells with the correct imprinting...
April 24, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430907/food-intake-affects-sperm-egg-fusion-through-the-gip-psg17-axis-in-mice
#2
Tatsunori Shimizu, Takehiro Sato, Katsushi Tsukiyama, Hiroki Fujita, Shunsuke Kato, Manabu Hoizumi, Hiromitsu Shirasawa, Takuma Narita, Yukihiro Terada, Yutaka Seino, Yuichiro Yamada
In addition to overeating, starvation also reduces fecundity in mammals. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms linking food intake to fertility, especially in males. Gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), which is released from intestinal K-cells after meal ingestion, stimulates insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells through the action of incretin and has several extra-pancreatic effects. Here, we identified GIP receptor (Gipr) expression in mouse spermatids. Microarray analysis revealed that pregnancy-specific glycoprotein 17 (Psg17), a potential CD9-binding partner, was significantly decreased in GIP receptor-knockout (Gipr-/-) testes...
April 19, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418219/alpha-2-macroglobulin-as-a-region-specific-secretory-protein-in-male-reproductive-tract-and-its-dynamics-during-sperm-transit-towards-the-female-spermatheca-in-the-blue-crab
#3
Thanyaporn Senarai, Rapeepun Vanichviriyakit, Shinji Miyata, Chihiro Sato, Prapee Sretarugsa, Wattana Weerachatyanukul, Ken Kitajima
A 250-kDa protein was isolated from fluid in the middle spermatic duct (MSD) of the blue crab (Portunus pelagicus). N-terminal and partial amino acid sequences revealed that this MSD-specific protein is high similar to the plasma-enriched protein Alpha-2 macroglobulin (α2M). The P. pelagicus ortholog (Ppα2M) is a large glycoprotein possessing mannose and N-acetylglucosamine chains. Ppa2m mRNA was detected in the spermatic duct, androgenic gland, and hematopoietic tissue, whereas the protein was primarily observed in the apical cytoplasm of MSD epithelium and in the matrix of the acrosome of MSD sperm; however, distally within spermatic duct, Ppα2M was lost from the sperm membrane but remained in the sperm acrosome...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417633/ph-responsive-graphene-oxide-dna-nanosystem-for-live-cell-imaging-and-detection
#4
Chen Shao, Jia Liang, Sihui He, Tianqi Luan, Jiantao Yu, Haoran Zhao, Jingyuan Xu, Leilei Tian
The interaction between graphene oxide (GO) and DNA is very sensitive to the environment. For example, under acidic conditions, the affinity of GO for DNA is enhanced, weakening the capability of GO to distinguish DNAs with different conformations. This effect has impeded the development of sensitive pH biosensors based on GO-DNA nanosystems. In this work, we systematically studied the affinity between GO and i-motif forming oligonucleotides (IFOs) at different pH values and developed a herring sperm DNA (HSD) treatment method...
April 27, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407435/sl15-a-seminal-plasma-derived-lectin-from-the-sperm-of-llama-lama-glama
#5
Renato Zampini, Sabrina Sequeira, Martin Eduardo Argañaraz, Silvana Andrea Apichela
The oviductal sperm reservoir of South American camelids is formed when sperm bind to N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) on the surface of oviductal epithelium. The aim of this study was to characterize the GalNAc-binding proteins on llama sperm, and to establish their origin. Sperm-adsorbed proteins were extracted with 0.5 M KCl in Hepes-balanced salts. Sperm-adsorbed and seminal plasma proteins were then subjected to ligand blotting for their GalNAc affinity, and the labeled bands were identified by mass spectrometry...
April 13, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401960/sperm-whale-long-range-echolocation-sounds-revealed-by-antares-a-deep-sea-neutrino-telescope
#6
M André, A Caballé, M van der Schaar, A Solsona, L Houégnigan, S Zaugg, A M Sánchez, J V Castell, M Solé, F Vila, D Djokic, S Adrián-Martínez, A Albert, M Anghinolfi, G Anton, M Ardid, J-J Aubert, T Avgitas, B Baret, J Barrios-Martí, S Basa, V Bertin, S Biagi, R Bormuth, M C Bouwhuis, R Bruijn, J Brunner, J Busto, A Capone, L Caramete, J Carr, S Celli, T Chiarusi, M Circella, A Coleiro, R Coniglione, H Costantini, P Coyle, A Creusot, A Deschamps, G De Bonis, C Distefano, I Di Palma, C Donzaud, D Dornic, D Drouhin, T Eberl, I El Bojaddaini, D Elsässer, A Enzenhöfer, K Fehn, I Felis, L A Fusco, S Galatà, P Gay, S Geißelsöder, K Geyer, V Giordano, A Gleixner, H Glotin, R Gracia-Ruiz, K Graf, S Hallmann, H van Haren, A J Heijboer, Y Hello, J J Hernandez-Rey, J Hößl, J Hofestädt, C Hugon, G Illuminati, C W James, M de Jong, M Jongen, M Kadler, O Kalekin, U Katz, D Kießling, A Kouchner, M Kreter, I Kreykenbohm, V Kulikovskiy, C Lachaud, R Lahmann, D Lefèvre, E Leonora, S Loucatos, M Marcelin, A Margiotta, A Marinelli, J A Martínez-Mora, A Mathieu, K Melis, T Michael, P Migliozzi, A Moussa, C Mueller, E Nezri, G E Păvălaş, C Pellegrino, C Perrina, P Piattelli, V Popa, T Pradier, C Racca, G Riccobene, K Roensch, M Saldaña, D F E Samtleben, M Sanguineti, P Sapienza, J Schnabel, F Schüssler, T Seitz, C Sieger, M Spurio, Th Stolarczyk, A Sánchez-Losa, M Taiuti, A Trovato, M Tselengidou, D Turpin, C Tönnis, B Vallage, C Vallée, V Van Elewyck, D Vivolo, S Wagner, J Wilms, J D Zornoza, J Zuñiga
Despite dedicated research has been carried out to adequately map the distribution of the sperm whale in the Mediterranean Sea, unlike other regions of the world, the species population status is still presently uncertain. The analysis of two years of continuous acoustic data provided by the ANTARES neutrino telescope revealed the year-round presence of sperm whales in the Ligurian Sea, probably associated with the availability of cephalopods in the region. The presence of the Ligurian Sea sperm whales was demonstrated through the real-time analysis of audio data streamed from a cabled-to-shore deep-sea observatory that allowed the hourly tracking of their long-range echolocation behaviour on the Internet...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395972/optimization-of-conditions-for-the-cryopreservation-of-yellow-catfish-pelteobagrus-fulvidraco-sperm
#7
Sen Yang, Linqiang Han, Rushou Huang, Yongzhong Liufu, Zining Meng, Haoran Lin
Yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco) is a promising aquaculture species in China with an increasing market demand. To serve the growing demand of male broodstock for artificial fertilization and the preservation of valuable strains for selective breeding, we tried to develop a species-specific cryopreservation protocol for yellow catfish sperm in this study. Important factors such as cryoprotectant, freezing height above the liquid nitrogen (LN) surface, dilution ratio, equilibration time, thawing temperature and cool storage before freezing were standardized...
April 7, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391616/variation-in-the-post-mating-fitness-landscape-in-fruitflies
#8
Claudia Fricke, Tracey Chapman
Sperm competition is pervasive and fundamental to determining a male's overall fitness. Sperm traits and seminal fluid proteins (Sfps) are key factors. However, studies of sperm competition may often exclude females that fail to remate during a defined period. Hence, the resulting datasets contain fewer data from the potentially fittest males that have most success in preventing female remating. It is also important to consider a male's reproductive success before entering sperm competition, which is a major contributor to fitness...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389766/carcinogenic-activities-and-sperm-abnormalities-of-methicillin-resistance-staphylococcus-aureus-and-inhibition-of-their-virulence-potentials-by-ayamycin
#9
Mervat Morsy Abbas Ahmed El-Gendy, Khaled G Abdel-Wahhab, Fathia A Mannaa, Ayman A Farghaly, Ahmed M A El-Bondkly
This investigation aimed to study the in vivo harmful effects of the subcutaneous injection of different methicillin resistance Staphylococcus aureus extracts (MRSA2, MRSA4, MRSA10, MRSA69, MRSA70, MRSA76, and MRSA78). Such strains represented the highest minimum inhibition concentration toward methicillin with various multidrug-resistant patterns. The obtained results revealed that rats injected with the MRSA4 extract died immediately after the last dose indicating the high cytotoxicity of MRSA4 strain (100% mortality)...
April 7, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386334/are-sertoli-cells-a-kind-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#10
Daoyuan Gong, Chunfu Zhang, Tao Li, Jiahui Zhang, Nannan Zhang, Zehua Tao, Wei Zhu, Xiaochun Sun
OBJECTIVE: Sertoli cells (SCs) are a major component of testis which secrete a variety of cytokines and immunosuppressive factors, providing nutritional support and immune protection for sperm growth and development. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between SCs and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in order to provide a theoretical basis for better application of SCs. METHODS: We used the adherence method to isolate Sprague-Dawley rat SCs and BMSCs...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376140/effect-of-monosaccharides-in-glycerol-free-tris-extender-on-reactive-oxygen-species-and-apoptosis-in-dog-sperm-cryopreservation
#11
M A Rahman, S H Park, I J Yu
BACKGROUND OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the effect of monosaccharides in a glycerol-free tris (GFT) extender on reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and apoptosis in cryopreserved dog spermatozoa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sperm pellets were resuspended (5 × 10(7) mL(-1)) with GFT containing 172 mM glucose (G), 86 mM glucose + 86 mM fructose (GF), 86 mM glucose + 86 mM galactose (Gg), 172 mM fructose (F), 172 mM galactose (g) or 86 mM fructose + 86 mM galactose (Fg)...
January 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371886/chemical-and-physical-guidance-of-fish-spermatozoa-into-the-egg-through-the-micropyle1
#12
Ryuzo Yanagimachi, Tatsuo Harumi, Hajime Matsubara, Wei Yan, Shuiqiao Yuan, Noritaka Hirohashi, Tomohiro Iida, Etsuro Yamaha, Katsutoshi Arai, Takahiro Matsubara, Tadashi Andoh, Carol Vines, Gary Cherr
Eggs of teleost fish, unlike those of many other animals, allow sperm entry only at a single site, a narrow canal in the egg's chorion called the micropyle. In some fish (e.g. flounder, herring and Alaska pollock), the micropyle is a narrow channel in the chorion, with or without a shallow depression around the outer opening of micropyle. In some other fish (e.g. salmon, pufferfish, cod and medaka), the micropyle is like a funnel with a conical opening. Eggs of all the above fish have a glycoprotein tightly bound to the chorion surface around the micropyle...
March 24, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369535/the-production-of-glial-cell-line-derived-neurotrophic-factor-by-human-sertoli-cells-is-substantially-reduced-in-sertoli-cell-only-testes
#13
D Singh, D A Paduch, P N Schlegel, K E Orwig, A Mielnik, A Bolyakov, W W Wright
STUDY QUESTION: Do human Sertoli cells in testes that exhibit the Sertoli cell-only (SCO) phenotype produce substantially less glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) than Sertoli cells in normal testes? SUMMARY ANSWER: In human SCO testes, both the amounts of GDNF mRNA per testis and the concentration of GDNF protein per Sertoli cell are markedly reduced as compared to normal testes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In vivo, GDNF is required to sustain the numbers and function of mouse spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) and their immediate progeny, transit-amplifying progenitor spermatogonia...
May 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294638/potential-targetability-of-multi-walled-carbon-nanotube-loaded-with-silver-nanoparticles-photosynthesized-from-ocimum-tenuiflorum-tulsi-extract-in-fertility-diagnosis
#14
Pradeep K Jha, Rakhi K Jha, Dilip Rout, Sathishkumar Gnanasekar, Suresh Vs Rana, Maidul Hossain
Nanocarrier mediated targeted delivery and biosensing in reproductive health care is a major exploratory domain. This work demonstrates the loading of silver nanoparticle (AgNP) inside the multiwalled Carbon nanotube(MWCNT) and their targetability to the intracellular part of the sperm cell for its further application in biosensing based infertility diagnosis. Ocimum tenuiflorum (tulsi extract) mediated photosynthesized AgNP exhibited spherical shape, 5-40nm size and surface plasmonic resonance at 430 nm...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264742/differential-surface-glycoprofile-of-buffalo-bull-spermatozoa-during-mating-and-non-mating-periods
#15
G Accogli, G M Lacalandra, G Aiudi, S N Cox, S Desantis
The buffalo has a seasonal reproduction activity with mating and non-mating periods occurring from late autumn to winter and from late spring to beginning of autumn, respectively. Sperm glycocalyx plays an important role in reproduction as it is the first interface between sperm and environment. Semen quality is poorer during non-mating periods, so we aimed to evaluate if there were also seasonal differences in the surface glycosylation pattern of mating period spermatozoa (MPS) compared with non-mating period spermatozoa (NMPS)...
March 7, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257606/morphology-and-ultrastructure-of-the-amazon-river-dolphin-inia-geoffrensis-spermatozoa
#16
Rodrigo S Amaral, Vera M F da Silva, Fabíola X Valdez Domingos, Anthony R Martin
The spermatozoa from seven adult Amazon river dolphins (Inia geoffrensis, CETACEA: INIIDAE) were analyzed by light and electron microscopy. The spermatozoa showed an elongated ellipsoid shaped head and a long tail with a well distinguishable midpiece. The head spermatozoa have a smooth surface like other odontocetes examined, with the exception of the Delphinidae family. The mean dimensions of the spermatozoa were within the range already reported for other cetaceans. The spermatozoa midpiece, as in other cetaceans, showed a random pattern of mitochondria, different from that described for other mammals...
March 3, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238840/study-of-the-effect-of-ulipristal-acetate-on-human-sperm-ability-to-interact-with-tubal-tissue-and-cumulus-oocyte-complexes
#17
Carlos Zumoffen, Matías D Gómez-Elías, Adriana M Caille, Luis Bahamondes, Patricia S Cuasnicú, Débora J Cohen, María José Munuce
OBJECTIVE: Ulispristal acetate (UPA) is a selective progesterone receptor modulator widely used for emergency contraception (EC). The described main mechanism of action is by inhibiting or delaying ovulation; however, the postovulatory effects of the drug are still on debate. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether UPA could interfere with human sperm fertilizing ability. STUDY DESIGN: Human motile spermatozoa were incubated under capacitating conditions with or without UPA, and then used to inseminate human tubal explants, mouse cumulus-oocyte complexes and zona-free hamster eggs...
February 24, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229966/extra-oviductal-expression-of-oviductal-glycoprotein-1-in-mouse-detection-in-testis-epididymis-and-ovary
#18
Saniya Laheri, Deepak Modi, Purvi Bhatt
Oviductal glycoprotein 1 (OVGP1), also called oviductin, is an oviduct-specific protein and is suggested to play a role in fertilization. Traditionally, Ovgp1 has been shown to be exclusively expressed by the oviduct; however, recent studies have demonstrated its expression in some cancers. This observation led us to hypothesize that Ovgp1 might have some extra-oviductal expression. In the current study, we evaluated the mRNA and protein expression of Ovgp1 in normal reproductive tissues of male and female mice...
March 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205391/influence-of-iodine-in-excess-on-seminiferous-tubular-structure-and-epididymal-sperm-character-in-male-rats
#19
Amar K Chandra, Arijit Chakraborty
Excess iodine induced public health problems are now emerging in many iodine sufficient regions for indiscriminate intake of iodine through various iodized products. It has been reported that excess iodine can disrupt overall male reproductive physiology by generating oxidative stress in the testis. However, information on the possible effect of iodine in excess on spermatozoa found less. In the present investigation flow cytometric techniques and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) have been used to study the spermatozoal functional as well as structural status under the influence of excess iodine; generation of ROS in the spermatozoa as evident by DCFDA, altered acrosomal integrity as observed by fluorescence lectin staining method and depolarized mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm ) noticed by JC-1 staining...
February 16, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130145/effects-of-chitosan-coated-lipid-core-nanocapsules-on-bovine-sperm-cells
#20
Arthur de Castro Jorge Silva, Mariana Härter Remirão, Caroline Gomes Lucas, William Borges Domingues, Tony Silveira, Julia Dame Paschoal, Denise S Jornada, Carine Dahl Corcine, Antonio Sergio Varela Junior, Willian A Prado, Vinicius Farias Campos, Fabiana Kömmling Seixas, Silvia S Guterres, Adriana R Pohlmann, Tiago Collares
Toxicology studies have a pivotal role for selection of new nanosystems. As lipid-core nanocapsules (LNC) rise as a potential system not only for drug delivery but also for immunotherapy and gene therapy, the demand for models of toxic screening increases, and sperm arises as a promising model due to the easiness to evaluate its viability parameters. LNCs were coated with chitosan, chitosan-coated lipid-core nanocapsules (LNC-CS), in order to modify the nanocapsule surface. We evaluated the toxicity of LNC and LNC-CS after incubation with bovine sperm in different concentrations (2...
January 24, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
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