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Free open access education

Kelly Lien, Alvin Chin, Anton Helman, Teresa M Chan
Introduction Podcasts and blog posts have gained popularity in Free Open Access Medical education (FOAM). Previous work suggests that podcasts may be useful for knowledge acquisition in undergraduate medical education. However, there remains a paucity of research comparing the two mediums. This study aims to investigate if there are differences in knowledge acquisition and usage conditions by medical students using podcasts and blog posts. Methods Medical students were randomized to either the podcast or blog post group...
January 15, 2018: Curēus
Traci A Wolbrink, Lucy Rubin, Jeffrey P Burns, Barry Markovitz
INTRODUCTION: The number of websites for the critical care provider is rapidly growing, including websites that are part of the Free Open Access Med(ical ed)ucation (FOAM) movement. With this rapidly expanding number of websites, critical appraisal is needed to identify quality websites. The last major review of critical care websites was published in 2011, and thus a new review of the websites relevant to the critical care clinician is necessary. METHODS: A new assessment tool for evaluating critical care medicine education websites, the Critical Care Medical Education Website Quality Evaluation Tool (CCMEWQET), was modified from existing tools...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Sam Brooks, Namita Biala, Sage Arbor
BACKGROUND: Medical school curricula strives to teach as much material as can be retained in a limited amount of time. A common "gold standard" resource used building curricula are medical objectives suggested by national societies. Unfortunately these objectives suffer from several functional limitations such as limited accessibility to society members, non-searchable formats (such as nested tables or pdf images), and inability to compare and search across societal objectives for redundancy or gaps...
March 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Teresa M Chan, David Jo, Andrew W Shih, Vinai C Bhagirath, Lana A Castellucci, Calvin Yeh, Brent Thoma, Eric K Tseng, Kerstin de Wit
BACKGROUND: Online educational resources are criticized as being teacher-centred, failing to address learner's needs. Needs assessments are an important precursor to inform curriculum development, but these are often overlooked or skipped by developers of online educational resources due to cumbersome measurement tools. Novel methods are required to identify perceived and unperceived learning needs to allow targeted development of learner-centred curricula. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of performing a novel technique dubbed the Massive Online Needs Assessment (MONA) for the purpose of emergency haematology online educational curricular planning, within an online learning community (affiliated with the Free Open Access Medical education movement)...
February 27, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
Alvin Chin, Anton Helman, Teresa M Chan
Introduction Podcasts have become increasingly popular as a medium for free open access medical education (FOAM). However, little research has examined the use of these extracurricular audio podcasts as tools in undergraduate medical education. We aimed to examine knowledge retention, usage conditions, and preferences of undergraduate medical students at a Canadian university interacting with extracurricular podcasts. Methods Students enrolled in the undergraduate medical program at McMaster University volunteered to participate in this study...
December 9, 2017: Curēus
Gita Pensa, Jessica Smith, Kristina McAteer
With the increasing influence of the "Free Open Access Medical Education" (FOAM or FOAMed) movement, it is critical that medical educators be engaged with FOAM in order to better inform and direct their learners, who likely regularly consume these materials. In 2012, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)/Residency Review Committee (RRC) began to permit 20% of emergency medicine (EM) residents' didactics hours to be earned outside of weekly conference, as "Individualized Interactive Instruction" (III) credits...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Timothy Fallon, Tania D Strout
Although Free Open Access Medical Education (FOAM) has become popular within emergency medicine, concerns exist regarding its role in resident education. We sought to develop an educational intervention whereby residents could review FOAM resources while maintaining faculty oversight. We created a novel curriculum pairing FOAM from the Academic Life in Emergence Medicine (ALiEM) Approved Instructional Resources (Air) series with a team-based learning (TBL) format. Residents have an opportunity to engage with FOAM in a structured setting with faculty input on possible practice changes...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jacqueline Sneddon, Gavin Barlow, Sally Bradley, Adrian Brink, Sujith J Chandy, Dilip Nathwani
Background: The University of Dundee and the BSAC developed a massive open online course (MOOC) to address the global need for education to support antimicrobial stewardship in low- and middle-income countries. Methods: An interactive course, Antimicrobial Stewardship: Managing Antibiotic Resistance, was developed and delivered via the FutureLearn© platform. The course ran over four 6 week periods during 2015 and 2016 supported by educators and was evaluated via data on uptake and feedback from learners on impact on clinical practice...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Zifikile Phindile Shangase, Joyce Mahlako Tsoka-Gwegweni, Catherine O Egbe
BACKGROUND: Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The long-term health effects of smoking and the risk of adverse TB outcomes, including increased periods of infectiousness, have been reported among DR-TB patients in South Africa. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the barriers to smoking cessation among DR-TB inpatients at a hospital in Durban, South Africa. METHODS: A qualitative design using in-depth interviews with a purposive sample of 20 DR-TB inpatients was employed...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
Simon Carley, Iain Beardsell, Natalie May, Liz Crowe, Janos Baombe, Alan Grayson, Richard Carden, Ashley Liebig, Chris Gray, Ross Fisher, Daniel Horner, Laura Howard, Richard Body
BACKGROUND: Clinicians are increasingly using social media for professional development and education. In 2012, we developed the St.Emlyn's blog, an open access resource dedicated to providing free education in the field of emergency medicine. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and growth of this international emergency medicine blog. METHOD: We present a narrative description of the development of St.Emlyn's blog. Data on scope, impact and engagement were extracted from WordPress, Twitter and Google Analytics...
October 20, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Jason Walonoski, Mark Kramer, Joseph Nichols, Andre Quina, Chris Moesel, Dylan Hall, Carlton Duffett, Kudakwashe Dube, Thomas Gallagher, Scott McLachlan
Objective: Our objective is to create a source of synthetic electronic health records that is readily available; suited to industrial, innovation, research, and educational uses; and free of legal, privacy, security, and intellectual property restrictions. Materials and Methods: We developed Synthea, an open-source software package that simulates the lifespans of synthetic patients, modeling the 10 most frequent reasons for primary care encounters and the 10 chronic conditions with the highest morbidity in the United States...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Lidiane Toledo, Ignácio Cano, Leonardo Bastos, Neilane Bertoni, Francisco Inacio Bastos
BACKGROUND: The international literature has expressed different and sometimes contrasting perspectives when addressing criminal involvement by crack cocaine users, highlighting psychopharmacological aspects, the cycles of craving and pressing economic need, and the interplay with overall deprivation and structural violence. The current study aims to identify variables associated with the arrest and imprisonment of regular crack cocaine users. METHODS: Interviewees were recruited from open drug scenes in the city of Rio de Janeiro and Greater Metropolitan Area from September 2011 to June 2013...
September 26, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
Andrea Lo, Eric Shappell, Hans Rosenberg, Brent Thoma, James Ahn, N Seth Trueger, Teresa M Chan
Despite the rapid expansion of online educational resources for emergency medicine, barriers remain to their effective use by emergency physicians and trainees. This article expands on previous descriptions of techniques to aggregate online educational resources, outlining four strategies to help learners navigate, evaluate, and contribute online. These strategies include 1) cultivating digital mentors, 2) browsing the most popular free open access medical education (FOAM) websites, 3) using critical appraisal tools developed for FOAM, and 4) contributing new online content...
September 12, 2017: CJEM
Carlos Culquichicón, Luis M Helguero-Santin, L Max Labán-Seminario, Jaime A Cardona-Ospina, Omar A Aboshady, Ricardo Correa
Background: Massive open online courses (MOOCs) have undergone exponential growth over the past few years, offering free and worldwide access to high-quality education. We identified the characteristics of MOOCs in the health sciences offered by Latin American institutions (LAIs). Methods: We screened the eight leading MOOCs platforms to gather their list of offerings. The MOOCs were classified by region and subject. Then, we obtained the following information: Scopus H-index for each institution and course instructor, QS World University Ranking® 2015/16 of LAI, and official language of the course...
2017: F1000Research
Damian Roland, Jesse Spurr, Daniel Cabrera
BACKGROUND: Online communities of practice (oCoPs) may emerge from interactions on social media. These communities offer an open digital space and flat role hierarchy for information sharing and provide a strong group identity, rapid flow of information, content curation, and knowledge translation. To date, there is only a small body of evidence in medicine or health care to verify the existence of an oCoP. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the emergence of an oCoP through the study of social media interactions of the free open access medical education (FOAM) movement...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Pedro J Greer, David R Brown, Luther G Brewster, Onelia G Lage, Karin F Esposito, Ebony B Whisenant, Frederick W Anderson, Natalie K Castellanos, Troy A Stefano, John A Rock
PROBLEM: Despite medical advances, health disparities persist, resulting in medicine's renewed emphasis on the social determinants of health and calls for reform in medical education. APPROACH: The Green Family Foundation Neighborhood Health Education Learning Program (NeighborhoodHELP) at Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine provides a platform for the school's community-focused mission. NeighborhoodHELP emphasizes social accountability and interprofessional education while providing evidence-based, patient- and household-centered care...
June 27, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Daneilla Dimitri, Andrea Gubert, Amanda B Miller, Brent Thoma, Teresa Chan
The increasing use of social media to share knowledge in medical education has led to concerns about the professionalism of online medical learners and physicians. However, there is a lack of research on the behavior of professionals within open online discussions. In 2013, the Academic Life in Emergency Medicine website ( launched a series of moderated online case discussions that provided an opportunity to explore the relationship between anonymity and professionalism. Comments from 12 case discussions conducted over a one-year period were analyzed using modified scales of anonymity and professionalism derived by Kilner and Hoadley...
September 18, 2016: Curēus
Sharon Kay, Greg M Scalia, Michael Seco, Michael Vallely, David Celermajer, On Behalf Of The Board Of Structural Heart Disease Australia
Structural Heart Disease Australia (SHDA) is a rapidly evolving multidisciplinary group of health care professionals which provides a forum focussed on understanding the rapidly advancing management of structural cardiac disease via Free Open Access Medical Education (FOAM).
May 4, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
O Walusinski
This paper aims to honor the memory of the alienist Louis Delasiauve (1804-1893). His classification of the different types of epilepsy based on clinical symptoms is still relevant today and made him a precursor of contemporary epileptology. In 1851, Delasiauve clinically and etiologically isolated 'acute mental confusion' (acute confusional state) from all other forms of dementia. Never deviating from his republican and progressive ideals, he devoted himself throughout the 19th century to treating those insane asylum patients who received the poorest care: epileptics and children with intellectual disabilities...
June 1, 2017: Revue Neurologique
Nicolai J Wewer Albrechtsen, Kristina W Poulsen, Lærke Ø Svensson, Lasse Jensen, Jens J Holst, Signe S Torekov
BACKGROUND: Medical education is a cornerstone in the global combat against diseases such as diabetes and obesity which together affect more than 500 million humans. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are educational tools for institutions to teach and share their research worldwide. Currently, millions of people have participated in evidence-based MOOCs, however educational and professional benefit(s) for course participants of such initiatives have not been addressed sufficiently. We therefore investigated if participation in a 6 week open online course in the prevention and treatment of diabetes and obesity had any impact on the knowledge, skills, and career of health care professionals contrasting participants from developing countries versus developed countries...
May 31, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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