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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223238/pupillary-block-glaucoma-secondary-to%C3%A2-central-port-occlusion-following-insertion-of-a-phakic-implantable-copolymer-lens
#1
Felix Gonzalez-Lopez, Rafael Bilbao-Calabuig, Ricardo Alen, Blas Mompean
A 28-year-old woman had uneventful implantation of a phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) in her left eye (Visian ICL, EVO+ model, 13.2, -7.50 diopters) to correct myopia. Six days after the procedure, she presented with herniation of the iris. Surgical reduction was carried out successfully through the previous peripheral corneal paracentesis. On the following day, the patient reported ocular pain and blurry vision. Examination showed a shallow anterior chamber, moderate diffuse corneal edema, and ocular hypertension...
November 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157227/metabolic-adaptation-of-two-in-silico-mutants-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-during-infection
#2
Víctor A López-Agudelo, Andres Baena, Howard Ramirez-Malule, Silvia Ochoa, Luis F Barrera, Rigoberto Ríos-Estepa
BACKGROUND: Up to date, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) remains as the worst intracellular killer pathogen. To establish infection, inside the granuloma, Mtb reprograms its metabolism to support both growth and survival, keeping a balance between catabolism, anabolism and energy supply. Mtb knockouts with the faculty of being essential on a wide range of nutritional conditions are deemed as target candidates for tuberculosis (TB) treatment. Constraint-based genome-scale modeling is considered as a promising tool for evaluating genetic and nutritional perturbations on Mtb metabolic reprogramming...
November 21, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156999/risk-factors-for-intracranial-lesions-and-mortality-in-older-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries
#3
Ma Angustias Ibañez Pérez De La Blanca, Enrique Fernández Mondéjar, Francisco Javier Gómez Jimènez, Jóse María Alonso Morales, Ma Dolores Quijano Lombardo, Juan Luis Viso Rodriguez
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for intracerebral lesion (ICL) in older adults with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and evaluate the influence of comorbidities on outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Information was gathered on clinical history/examination, cranial computed tomography, admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, analytical and coagulation findings, and mortality at 1 week post-discharge...
November 20, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138321/in-vivo-bioluminescence-imaging-of-labile-iron-accumulation-in-a-murine-model-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-infection
#4
Allegra T Aron, Marie C Heffern, Zachery R Lonergan, Mark N Vander Wal, Brian R Blank, Benjamin Spangler, Yaofang Zhang, Hyo Min Park, Andreas Stahl, Adam R Renslo, Eric P Skaar, Christopher J Chang
Iron is an essential metal for all organisms, yet disruption of its homeostasis, particularly in labile forms that can contribute to oxidative stress, is connected to diseases ranging from infection to cancer to neurodegeneration. Iron deficiency is also among the most common nutritional deficiencies worldwide. To advance studies of iron in healthy and disease states, we now report the synthesis and characterization of iron-caged luciferin-1 (ICL-1), a bioluminescent probe that enables longitudinal monitoring of labile iron pools (LIPs) in living animals...
November 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137116/altering-residue-134-confers-an-increased-substrate-range-of-alkylated-nucleosides-to-the-e-coli-ogt-protein
#5
Nadia M Schoonhoven, Derek K O'Flaherty, Francis P McManus, Lauralicia Sacre, Anne M Noronha, M Judith Kornblatt, Christopher J Wilds
O⁶-Alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferases (AGTs) are proteins responsible for the removal of mutagenic alkyl adducts at the O⁶-atom of guanine and O⁴-atom of thymine. In the current study we set out to understand the role of the Ser134 residue in the Escherichia coli AGT variant OGT on substrate discrimination. The S134P mutation in OGT increased the ability of the protein to repair both O⁶-adducts of guanine and O⁴-adducts of thymine. However, the S134P variant was unable, like wild-type OGT, to repair an interstrand cross-link (ICL) bridging two O⁶-atoms of guanine in a DNA duplex...
November 11, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129690/monoterpenoid-perillyl-alcohol-impairs-metabolic-flexibility-of-candida-albicans-by-inhibiting-glyoxylate-cycle
#6
Moiz A Ansari, Zeeshan Fatima, Kamal Ahmad, Saif Hameed
The metabolic pathway such as glyoxylate cycle (GC) enables Candida albicans, to survive under glucose deficient conditions prevalent in the hostile niche. Thus its key enzymes (Isocitrate lyase; ICL and malate synthase; MLS) represent attractive targets against C. albicans. We have previously reported the antifungal potential of a natural monoterpenoid perillyl alcohol (PA). The present study uncovers additional role of PA as a potent GC inhibitor. We explored that PA phenocopied ICL1 deletion mutant and were hypersensitive under low carbon utilizing conditions...
November 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103513/a-new-study-of-iodine-complexes-of-oxidized-gum-arabic-an-interaction-between-iodine-monochloride-and-aldehyde-groups
#7
Akbar Ali, Showkat Ali Ganie, Nasreen Mazumdar
Gum arabic, a plant polysaccharide was oxidized with periodate to produce aldehyde groups by the cleavage of diols present in the sugar units. The oxidized gum was then iodinated with iodine monochloride (ICl) and the interaction between electrophilic iodine, I(+) and reactive carbonyl groups of the modified gum was studied.Results of titrimetric estimation performed to determine the extent of oxidation and aldehyde content in the oxidized gum showed that degree of oxidation ranged between 19.68-50.19% which was observed to increase with periodate concentration; the corresponding aldehyde content was calculated to be 5...
January 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094301/vertical-implantable-collamer-lens-icl-rotation-for-the-management-of-high-vault-due-to-lens-oversizing
#8
Francesco Matarazzo, Alexander Clifford Day, Luis Fernandez-Vega Cueto, Vincenzo Maurino
PURPOSE: To describe the good outcome of implantable collamer lens (ICL) rotation to reduce post-operative vault. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of case report. A 43-year-old woman had V4c EVO + myopic non-toric ICL implantation and post-operatively she presented with anisocoria and high vault. She underwent surgery to rotate the ICL 90 degrees to a vertical orientation. RESULTS: We achieved a reduction in the vault from 1020 to 486 μm after vertical ICL rotation...
November 1, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091773/sensing-and-processing-of-dna-interstrand-crosslinks-by-the-mismatch-repair-pathway
#9
Niyo Kato, Yoshitaka Kawasoe, Hannah Williams, Elena Coates, Upasana Roy, Yuqian Shi, Lorena S Beese, Orlando D Schärer, Hong Yan, Max E Gottesman, Tatsuro S Takahashi, Jean Gautier
DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs) that are repaired in non-dividing cells must be recognized independently of replication-associated DNA unwinding. Using cell-free extracts from Xenopus eggs that support neither replication nor transcription, we establish that ICLs are recognized and processed by the mismatch repair (MMR) machinery. We find that ICL repair requires MutSα (MSH2-MSH6) and the mismatch recognition FXE motif in MSH6, strongly suggesting that MutSα functions as an ICL sensor. MutSα recruits MutLα and EXO1 to ICL lesions, and the catalytic activity of both these nucleases is essential for ICL repair...
October 31, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081444/ca-2-calmodulin-dependent-protein-kinase-ii-%C3%AE-dependent-serine727-phosphorylation-is-required-for-tmem16a-ca-2-activated-cl-channel-regulation-in-cerebrovascular-cells
#10
Cai-Xia Lin, Xiao-Fei Lv, Feng Yuan, Xiang-Yu Li, Ming-Ming Ma, Can-Zhao Liu, Jia-Guo Zhou, Guan-Lei Wang, Yong-Yuan Guan
BACKGROUND: TMEM16A is a critical component of Ca(2+)-activated chloride channels (CaCCs) and mediates basilar arterial smooth muscle cell (BASMC) proliferation in hypertensive cerebrovascular remodeling. CaMKII is a negative regulator of CaCC, and four CaMKII isoforms (α, β, γ and δ) are expressed in vasculature; however, it is unknown which and how CaMKII isoforms affect TMEM16A-associated CaCC and BASMC proliferation.Methods and Results:Patch clamp and small interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown of different CaMKII isoforms revealed that only CaMKIIγ inhibited native Ca(2+)-activated chloride currents (ICl...
October 28, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074739/genome-wide-discovery-of-active-regulatory-elements-and-transcription-factor-footprints-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-using-dnase-seq
#11
Paul Sternberg, Margaret Ho, Porfirio Quintero-Cadena
Deep sequencing of size-selected DNase I-treated chromatin (DNase-seq) allows high resolution measurement of chromatin accessibility to DNase I cleavage, permitting identification of de novo active cis-regulatory modules (CRMs) and individual transcription factor (TF) binding sites. We adapted DNase-seq to nuclei isolated from C. elegans embryos and L1 arrest larvae to generate high-resolution maps of TF binding. Over half of embryonic DNase I hypersensitive sites (DHSs) were annotated as noncoding, with 24% in intergenic, 12% in promoters and 28% in introns, with similar statistics observed in L1 arrest larvae...
October 26, 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059323/fanci-and-fancd2-have-common-as-well-as-independent-functions-during-the-cellular-replication-stress-response
#12
Elizabeth L Thompson, Jung E Yeo, Eun-A Lee, Yinan Kan, Maya Raghunandan, Constanze Wiek, Helmut Hanenberg, Orlando D Schärer, Eric A Hendrickson, Alexandra Sobeck
Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited cancer predisposition syndrome characterized by cellular hypersensitivity to DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs). To repair these lesions, the FA proteins act in a linear hierarchy: following ICL detection on chromatin, the FA core complex monoubiquitinates and recruits the central FANCI and FANCD2 proteins that subsequently coordinate ICL removal and repair of the ensuing DNA double-stranded break by homology-dependent repair (HDR). FANCD2 also functions during the replication stress response by mediating the restart of temporarily stalled replication forks thereby suppressing the firing of new replication origins...
November 16, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051491/fan1-interaction-with-ubiquitylated-pcna-alleviates-replication-stress-and-preserves-genomic-integrity-independently-of-brca2
#13
Antonio Porro, Matteo Berti, Julia Pizzolato, Serena Bologna, Svenja Kaden, Anja Saxer, Yue Ma, Kazuo Nagasawa, Alessandro A Sartori, Josef Jiricny
Interstrand cross-link (ICL) hypersensitivity is a characteristic trait of Fanconi anemia (FA). Although FANCD2-associated nuclease 1 (FAN1) contributes to ICL repair, FAN1 mutations predispose to karyomegalic interstitial nephritis (KIN) and cancer rather than to FA. Thus, the biological role of FAN1 remains unclear. Because fork stalling in FAN1-deficient cells causes chromosomal instability, we reasoned that the key function of FAN1 might lie in the processing of halted replication forks. Here, we show that FAN1 contains a previously-uncharacterized PCNA interacting peptide (PIP) motif that, together with its ubiquitin-binding zinc finger (UBZ) domain, helps recruit FAN1 to ubiquitylated PCNA accumulated at stalled forks...
October 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042003/pisa-syndrome-in-parkinson-s-disease-electromyographic-quantification-of-paraspinal-and-non-paraspinal-muscle-activity
#14
C Geroin, G Squintani, A Morini, F Donato, Nicola Smania, Maria Giovanna Gandolfi, S Tamburin, Alfonso Fasano, Michele Tinazzi
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and Pisa syndrome (PS) may present tonic dystonic or compensatory (i.e. acting against gravity) hyperactivity in the paraspinal and non-paraspinal muscles. Electromyographic (EMG) activity was measured in nine patients with PD and PS, three with PD without PS, and five healthy controls. Fine-wire intramuscular electrodes were inserted bilaterally into the iliocostalis lumborum (ICL), iliocostalis thoracis (ICT), gluteus medius (GM), and external oblique (EO) muscles. The root mean square (RMS) of the EMG signal was calculated and normalized for each muscle...
July 2017: Functional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035856/apparent-isocitrate-lyase-activity-in-leishmania-amazonensis
#15
Concepción Hernández-Chinea, Laura Maimone, Yelitza Campos, Walter Mosca, Pedro J Romero
Early reports have demonstrated the occurrence of glyoxylate cycle enzymes in several Leishmania species. However, these results have been underestimated because genes for the two key enzymes of the cycle, isocitrate lyase (ICL) and malate synthase (MS), are not annotated in Leishmania genomes. We have re-examined this issue in promastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis. Enzyme activities were assayed spectrophotometrically in cellular extracts and characterized partially. A 40 kDa band displaying ICL activity was visualized on zymograms of the extracts...
December 20, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031493/beyond-interstrand-crosslinks-repair-contribution-of-fancd2-and-other-fanconi-anemia-proteins-to-the-replication-of-dna
#16
REVIEW
Maria B Federico, Paola Campodónico, Natalia S Paviolo, Vanesa Gottifredi
Biallelic mutations of FANCD2 and other components of the Fanconi Anemia (FA) pathway cause a disease characterized by bone marrow failure, cancer predisposition and a striking sensitivity to agents that induce crosslinks between the two complementary DNA strands (inter-strand crosslinks-ICL). Such genotoxins were used to characterize the contribution of the FA pathway to the genomic stability of cells, thus unravelling the biological relevance of ICL repair in the context of the disease. Notwithstanding this, whether the defect in ICL repair as the sole trigger for the multiple physiological alterations observed in FA patients is still under investigation...
September 14, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021416/sp-thermal-comfort-sustained-by-cold-protective-clothing-in-arctic-open-pit-mining-a-thermal-manikin-and-questionnaire-study
#17
Kirsi Jussila, Sirkka Rissanen, Anna Aminoff, Jens Wahlström, Arild Vaktskjold, Ljudmila Talykova, Jouko Remes, Satu Mänttäri, Hannu Rintamäki
Workers in the Arctic open-pit mines are exposed to harsh weather conditions. Employers are required to provide protective clothing for workers. This can be the outer layer, but sometimes also inner or middle layers are provided. This study aimed to determine how the Arctic open-pit miners protect themselves against cold and the sufficiency, and the selection criteria of the garments. Workers' cold experiences and the clothing in four Arctic open-pit mines in Finland, Sweden, Norway and Russia were evaluated by a questionnaire (n=1323)...
October 11, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020621/fanconi-anemia-associated-mutations-destabilize-rad51-filaments-and-impair-replication-fork-protection
#18
Karina Zadorozhny, Vincenzo Sannino, Ondrej Beláň, Jarmila Mlčoušková, Mário Špírek, Vincenzo Costanzo, Lumír Krejčí
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic disorder characterized by a defect in DNA interstrand crosslink (ICL) repair, chromosomal instability, and a predisposition to cancer. Recently, two RAD51 mutations were reported to cause an FA-like phenotype. Despite the tight association of FA/HR proteins with replication fork (RF) stabilization during normal replication, it remains unknown how FA-associated RAD51 mutations affect replication beyond ICL lesions. Here, we report that these mutations fail to protect nascent DNA from MRE11-mediated degradation during RF stalling in Xenopus laevis egg extracts...
October 10, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017571/dna-damage-response-and-cancer-therapeutics-through-the-lens-of-the-fanconi-anemia-dna-repair-pathway
#19
REVIEW
Sonali Bhattacharjee, Saikat Nandi
Fanconi Anemia (FA) is a rare, inherited genomic instability disorder, caused by mutations in genes involved in the repair of interstrand DNA crosslinks (ICLs). The FA signaling network contains a unique nuclear protein complex that mediates the monoubiquitylation of the FANCD2 and FANCI heterodimer, and coordinates activities of the downstream DNA repair pathway including nucleotide excision repair, translesion synthesis, and homologous recombination. FA proteins act at different steps of ICL repair in sensing, recognition and processing of DNA lesions...
October 10, 2017: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991339/pupil-dynamics-induced-by-light-reflex-after-posterior-chamber-phakic-intraocular-lens-implantation
#20
Kazuko Totsuka, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Kazutaka Kamiya, Nobuyuki Shoji, Kimiya Shimizu
PURPOSE: To assess the light reflex of the pupil after Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) (KS-aquaPORT; STAAR Surgical, Nidau, Switzerland) implantation to determine whether the ICL implantation might affect the pupil dynamics. METHODS: This study examined 28 eyes of 28 consecutive patients who underwent implantation of the posterior phakic ICL for the correction of myopia and astigmatism. Patient age at the time of surgery was 31.1 ± 6.8 years (range: 25 to 42 years)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
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