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rnc RNA

Shaohang Xu, Ruo Zhou, Zhe Ren, Baojin Zhou, Zhilong Lin, Guixue Hou, Yamei Deng, Jin Zi, Liang Lin, Quanhui Wang, Xin Liu, Xun Xu, Bo Wen, Siqi Liu
Considering the technical limitations of mass spectrometry in protein identification, the mRNAs bound to ribosomes (RNC-mRNA) are assumed to reflect the mRNAs participating in the translational process. The RNC-mRNA data are reasoned to be useful for appraising the missing proteins. A set of the multiomics data including free-mRNAs, RNC-mRNAs, and proteomes was acquired from three liver cancer cell lines. On the basis of the missing proteins in neXtProt (release 2014-09-19), the bioinformatics analysis was carried out in three phases: (1) finding how many neXtProt missing proteins have or do not have RNA-seq and/or MS/MS evidence, (2) analyzing specific physicochemical and biological properties of the missing proteins that lack both RNA-seq and MS/MS evidence, and (3) analyzing the combined properties of these missing proteins...
December 4, 2015: Journal of Proteome Research
Thomas Carzaniga, Gianni Dehò, Federica Briani
UNLABELLED: The complex posttranscriptional regulation mechanism of the Escherichia coli pnp gene, which encodes the phosphorolytic exoribonuclease polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase), involves two endoribonucleases, namely, RNase III and RNase E, and PNPase itself, which thus autoregulates its own expression. The models proposed for pnp autoregulation posit that the target of PNPase is a mature pnp mRNA previously processed at its 5' end by RNase III, rather than the primary pnp transcript (RNase III-dependent models), and that PNPase activity eventually leads to pnp mRNA degradation by RNase E...
June 2015: Journal of Bacteriology
Ottilie von Loeffelholz, Qiyang Jiang, Aileen Ariosa, Manikandan Karuppasamy, Karine Huard, Imre Berger, Shu-ou Shan, Christiane Schaffitzel
The signal recognition particle (SRP)-dependent pathway is essential for correct targeting of proteins to the membrane and subsequent insertion in the membrane or secretion. In Escherichia coli, the SRP and its receptor FtsY bind to ribosome-nascent chain complexes with signal sequences and undergo a series of distinct conformational changes, which ensures accurate timing and fidelity of protein targeting. Initial recruitment of the SRP receptor FtsY to the SRP-RNC complex results in GTP-independent binding of the SRP-FtsY GTPases at the SRP RNA tetraloop...
March 31, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Maureen K Thomason, Thorsten Bischler, Sara K Eisenbart, Konrad U Förstner, Aixia Zhang, Alexander Herbig, Kay Nieselt, Cynthia M Sharma, Gisela Storz
While the model organism Escherichia coli has been the subject of intense study for decades, the full complement of its RNAs is only now being examined. Here we describe a survey of the E. coli transcriptome carried out using a differential RNA sequencing (dRNA-seq) approach, which can distinguish between primary and processed transcripts, and an automated prediction algorithm for transcriptional start sites (TSS). With the criterion of expression under at least one of three growth conditions examined, we predicted 14,868 TSS candidates, including 5,574 internal to annotated genes (iTSS) and 5,495 TSS corresponding to potential antisense RNAs (asRNAs)...
January 1, 2015: Journal of Bacteriology
Jung H Doh, Sheila Lutz, M Joan Curcio
The transcript of retrovirus-like transposons functions as an mRNA for synthesis of capsid and replication proteins and as the genomic RNA of virus-like particles (VLPs), wherein the genome is replicated. Retrotransposon RNA and proteins coalesce in a cytoplasmic focus, or retrosome, to initiate VLP assembly, but it is not known how the retrosome is nucleated. We determined how the RNA and Gag protein of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ty1 retrotransposon are directed to the retrosome. We found that Ty1 RNA is translated in association with signal recognition particle (SRP), a universally conserved chaperone that binds specific ribosome-nascent chain (RNC) complexes and targets the nascent peptide to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)...
March 2014: PLoS Genetics
Minho Lee, Sangmi Ahn, Boram Lim, Dong-Ho Lee, Kangseok Lee
Bacterial ribonuclease III (RNase III) belongs to the RNase III enzyme family, which plays a pivotal role in controlling mRNA stability and RNA processing in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. In the Vibrio vulnificus genome, one open reading frame encodes a protein homologous to E. coli RNase III, designated Vv-RNase III, which has 77.9 % amino acid identity to E. coli RNase III. Here, we report that Vv-RNase III has the same cleavage specificity as E. coli RNase III in vivo and in vitro. Expressing Vv-RNase III in E...
April 2014: Current Microbiology
Jiayong Zhong, Yizhi Cui, Jiahui Guo, Zhipeng Chen, Lijuan Yang, Qing-Yu He, Gong Zhang, Tong Wang
Chromosome-centric human proteome project (C-HPP) aims at differentiating chromosome-based and tissue-specific protein compositions in terms of protein expression, quantification, and modification. We previously found that the analysis of translating mRNA (mRNA attached to ribosome-nascent chain complex, RNC-mRNA) can explain over 94% of mRNA-protein abundance. Therefore, we propose here to use full-length RNC-mRNA information to illustrate protein expression both qualitatively and quantitatively. We performed RNA-seq on RNC-mRNA (RNC-seq) and detected 12,758 and 14,113 translating genes in human normal bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells and human colorectal adenocarcinoma Caco-2 cells, respectively...
January 3, 2014: Journal of Proteome Research
Nabila Haddad, Margarida Saramago, Rute G Matos, Hervé Prévost, Cecília M Arraiano
Campylobacter jejuni is a foodborne bacterial pathogen, which is now considered as a leading cause of human bacterial gastroenteritis. The information regarding ribonucleases in C. jejuni is very scarce but there are hints that they can be instrumental in virulence mechanisms. Namely, PNPase (polynucleotide phosphorylase) was shown to allow survival of C. jejuni in refrigerated conditions, to facilitate bacterial swimming, cell adhesion, colonization and invasion. In several microorganisms PNPase synthesis is auto-controlled in an RNase III (ribonuclease III)-dependent mechanism...
2013: Bioscience Reports
Tong Wang, Yizhi Cui, Jingjie Jin, Jiahui Guo, Guibin Wang, Xingfeng Yin, Qing-Yu He, Gong Zhang
As a well-known phenomenon, total mRNAs poorly correlate to proteins in their abundances as reported. Recent findings calculated with bivariate models suggested even poorer such correlation, whereas focusing on the translating mRNAs (ribosome nascent-chain complex-bound mRNAs, RNC-mRNAs) subset. In this study, we analysed the relative abundances of mRNAs, RNC-mRNAs and proteins on genome-wide scale, comparing human lung cancer A549 and H1299 cells with normal human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells, respectively...
May 2013: Nucleic Acids Research
Joo Han Kim, Hong Joo Moon, Jin Hoon Lee, Jong Hyun Kim, Taek Hyun Kwon, Youn Kwan Park
STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated the influence of rabbit notochordal cells on the expression of inflammatory mediators by human annulus fibrosus (AF) cells cocultured with macrophage-like cells. OBJECTIVE: To identify the protective effect of rabbit notochordal cells on AF during in vitro inflammation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Discogenic pain, which is an important cause of intractable lower back pain, is associated with macrophage-mediated inflammation in the AF...
October 15, 2012: Spine
Marcha L Gatewood, Patricia Bralley, M Ryan Weil, George H Jones
RNase III is a key enzyme in the pathways of RNA degradation and processing in bacteria and has been suggested as a global regulator of antibiotic production in Streptomyces coelicolor. Using RNA-Seq, we have examined the transcriptomes of S. coelicolor M145 and an RNase III (rnc)-null mutant of that strain. RNA preparations with reduced levels of structural RNAs were prepared by subtractive hybridization prior to RNA-Seq analysis. We initially identified 7,800 transcripts of known and putative protein-coding genes in M145 and the null mutant, JSE1880, along with transcripts of 21 rRNA genes and 65 tRNA genes...
May 2012: Journal of Bacteriology
Marcha L Gatewood, George H Jones
RNase III is a double strand specific endoribonuclease that is involved in the regulation of gene expression in bacteria. In Streptomyces coelicolor, an RNase III (rnc) null mutant manifests decreased ability to synthesize antibiotics, suggesting that RNase III globally regulates antibiotic production in that species. As RNase III is involved in the processing of ribosomal RNAs in S. coelicolor and other bacteria, an alternative explanation for the effects of the rnc mutation on antibiotic production would involve the formation of defective ribosomes in the absence of RNase III...
March 2012: Archives of Microbiology
Yu Liu, Jie Dong, Na Wu, Yaping Gao, Xin Zhang, Chunhua Mu, Ningsheng Shao, Ming Fan, Guang Yang
Staphylococcus aureus ribonuclease III belongs to the enzyme family known to degrade double-stranded RNAs. It has previously been reported that RNase III cannot influence cell growth but regulates virulence gene expression in S. aureus. Here we constructed an RNase III inactivation mutant (Δrnc) from S. aureus 8325-4. It was found that the extracellular proteins of Δrnc were decreased. Furthermore, we explored how RNase III regulated the production of the extracellular proteins in S. aureus. We found during the lag phase of the bacterial growth cycle RNase III could influence the extracellular protein secretion via regulating the expression of secY2, one component of accessory secretory (sec) pathway...
2011: PloS One
Kota Yanagitani, Yukio Kimata, Hiroshi Kadokura, Kenji Kohno
Upon endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, an endoribonuclease, inositol-requiring enzyme-1α, splices the precursor unspliced form of X-box-binding protein 1 messenger RNA (XBP1u mRNA) on the ER membrane to yield an active transcription factor (XBP1s), leading to the alleviation of the stress. The nascent peptide encoded by XBP1u mRNA drags the mRNA-ribosome-nascent chain (R-RNC) complex to the membrane for efficient cytoplasmic splicing. We found that translation of the XBP1u mRNA was briefly paused to stabilize the R-RNC complex...
February 4, 2011: Science
Bryan W Davies, Caroline Köhrer, Asha I Jacob, Lyle A Simmons, Jianyu Zhu, Lourdes M Aleman, Uttam L Rajbhandary, Graham C Walker
The UPF0054 protein family is highly conserved with homologues present in nearly every sequenced bacterium. In some bacteria, the respective gene is essential, while in others its loss results in a highly pleiotropic phenotype. Despite detailed structural studies, a cellular role for this protein family has remained unknown. We report here that deletion of the Escherichia coli homologue, YbeY, causes striking defects that affect ribosome activity, translational fidelity and ribosome assembly. Mapping of 16S, 23S and 5S rRNA termini reveals that YbeY influences the maturation of all three rRNAs, with a particularly strong effect on maturation at both the 5'- and 3'-ends of 16S rRNA as well as maturation of the 5'-termini of 23S and 5S rRNAs...
October 2010: Molecular Microbiology
Eddy Karnabi, Yongxia Qu, Salvatore Mancarella, Yuankun Yue, Raj Wadgaonkar, Mohamed Boutjdir
Cav1.2 (alpha1C) and Cav1.3 (alpha1D) L-type Ca channels are co-expressed in the heart. To date, there are no pharmacological or biophysical tools to separate alpha1D from alpha1C Ca currents (I(Ca-L)) in cardiomyocytes. Here, we established a physiological model to study alpha1D I(Ca-L) in native myocytes using RNA interference. Transfection of rat neonatal cardiomyocytes (RNC) with alpha1C specific siRNA resulted in low silencing efficiency (50-60%) at the mRNA and protein levels. The use of lentivirus shRNA resulted in 100% transfection efficiency and 92% silencing of the alpha1C gene by real-time PCR and Western blot...
July 10, 2009: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Guohua Yin, Zhaonan Sun, Nan Liu, Lin Zhang, Yunzhi Song, Changxiang Zhu, Fujiang Wen
In many species, the introduction of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) induces potent and specific gene silencing, a phenomenon called RNA interference (RNAi). RNAi is the process of sequence-specific, posttranscriptional gene silencing (PTGS) in animals and plants, mediated by dsRNA homologous to the silenced genes. In plants, PTGS is part of a defense mechanism against virus infection, and dsRNA is the pivotal factor that induces gene silencing. Here, we report an efficient method that can produce dsRNA using a bacterial prokaryotic expression system...
August 2009: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Clément Chevalier, Eric Huntzinger, Pierre Fechter, Sandrine Boisset, François Vandenesch, Pascale Romby, Thomas Geissmann
Staphylococcus aureus ribonuclease III (Sa-RNase III) belongs to the enzyme family known to process double-stranded RNAs consisting of two turns of the RNA helix. Although the enzyme is thought to play a role in ribosomal RNA processing and gene regulation, the deletion of the rnc gene in S. aureus does not affect cell growth in rich medium. S. aureus RNase III acts in concert with regulatory RNAIII to repress the expression of several mRNAs encoding virulence factors. The action of the RNase is most likely to initiate the degradation of repressed mRNAs leading to an irreversible repression...
2008: Methods in Enzymology
Iwona A Buskiewicz, Johannes Jöckel, Marina V Rodnina, Wolfgang Wintermeyer
The bacterial signal recognition particle (SRP) binds to ribosomes synthesizing inner membrane proteins and, by interaction with the SRP receptor, FtsY, targets them to the translocon at the membrane. Here we probe the conformation of SRP and SRP protein, Ffh, at different stages of targeting by measuring fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between fluorophores placed at various positions within SRP. Distances derived from FRET indicate that SRP binding to nontranslating ribosomes triggers a global conformational change of SRP that facilitates binding of the SRP receptor, FtsY...
January 2009: RNA
Marcha L Gravenbeek, George H Jones
The double strand-specific endoRNase RNase III globally regulates the production of antibiotics by Streptomyces coelicolor. We have undertaken studies to determine whether the endoRNase activity of S. coelicolor RNase III or its RNA binding activity is responsible for its regulatory function. We show that an rnc null mutant of S. coelicolor M145 does not produce actinorhodin or undecylprodigiosin. Restoring a wild-type copy of rnc to that mutant also restored antibiotic production. We constructed an rnc point mutant, D70A, in which an aspartic acid residue which is essential for the catalytic activity of RNase III was changed to alanine...
November 2008: Microbiology
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