keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

obesity pregnancy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151255/weight-disorders-in-short-children
#1
Paweł Tomaszewski, Anna Majcher, Katarzyna Milde, Romuald Stupnicki
This study aimed to determine the degree of adiposity and prevalence of weight disorders in short children and to assess relationships between selected birth parameters and actual body fat content and body mass indicators. The study encompassed 85 girls and 97 boys, aged 7-14 years, with height below the 10th centile of the age and sex standard. In addition, 609 normal-height children (height between 25th and 75th centile) served as a comparison group. The children underwent measurements of body mass and height, skinfold thickness, and waist circumference...
November 19, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150756/impact-of-risk-factors-for-gestational-diabetes-gdm-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-gdm
#2
T Filardi, F Tavaglione, M Di Stasio, V Fazio, A Lenzi, S Morano
PURPOSE: In this study, we evaluated the impact of risk factors for gestational diabetes on clinical/biochemical parameters and maternal/fetal outcomes. METHODS: One hundred eighty-three (n 183) women (age 33.8 ± 5.5 years, 59% Caucasians, 41% non-Caucasians) with gestational diabetes were included in the study. Anamnestic information, anthropometric and laboratory parameters, and maternal and fetal outcomes at delivery were collected. RESULTS: Insulin therapy prevalence was higher in Asians vs Caucasians (p = 0...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150108/economy-class-syndrome-what-is-it-and-who-are-the-individuals-at-risk
#3
Luci Maria SantAna Dusse, Marcos Vinícius Ferreira Silva, Letícia Gonçalves Freitas, Milena Soriano Marcolino, Maria das Graças Carvalho
The term 'economy class syndrome' refers to the occurrence of thrombotic events during long-haul flights that mainly occur in passengers in the economy class of the aircraft. This syndrome results from several factors related to the aircraft cabin (immobilization, hypobaric hypoxia and low humidity) and the passenger (body mass index, thrombophilia, oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy, cancer), acting together to predispose to excessive blood coagulation, which can result in venous thromboembolism...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149254/invited-commentary-gestational-hypertension-and-diabetes-a-major-public-health-concern
#4
Lewis H Kuller, Janet Catov
The obesity epidemic in the United States and other countries has contributed to an increase in the rates of gestational diabetes and hypertension. In the past, it was thought that most cases of gestational diabetes and hypertension would resolve after completion of pregnancy. In this issue of the Journal, Pace et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2017;186(10):1115-1124) clearly documented that both gestational diabetes and hypertension lead to diabetes and hypertension and that the combination of both during pregnancy leads to very high rates of subsequent diabetes and hypertension...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146992/pre-pregnancy-overweight-or-obesity-and-gestational-diabetes-as-predictors-of-body-composition-in-offspring-twenty-years-later-evidence-from-two-birth-cohort-studies
#5
N Kaseva, M Vääräsmäki, H-M Matinolli, M Sipola-Leppänen, M Tikanmäki, K Heinonen, A Lano, D Wolke, S Andersson, M-R Järvelin, K Räikkönen, G Eriksson Johan, E Kajantie
BACKGROUND: Global prevalence of overweight/obesity and gestational diabetes (GDM) is increasing. In pregnant women both conditions affect offspring's later health. Overweight/obesity is a risk factor of GDM; to what extent maternal overweight/obesity explains long-term effects of GDM in offspring is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity (BMI ⩾25 kg/m(2)) and GDM, occurring together or separately, on body composition among adult offspring...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146525/maternal-nutritional-determinants-of-colostrum-fatty-acids-in-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#6
Martine Armand, Jonathan Y Bernard, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Marie-Aline Charles
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Programming of infant development and later health may depend on early-milk polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) contents, that are very variable between women for reasons not well elucidated. Indeed, a high n-6/n-3 PUFA in milk was associated with higher adiposity, arterial pressure and lower psychomotor scores in childhood. We aimed to explore the respective contribution of several maternal and perinatal factors to the variability of linoleic (LA), α-linolenic (ALA), arachidonic (AA), and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid levels in early milk...
October 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146297/pregnancy-intention-and-contraceptive-use-among-women-by-class-of-obesity-results-from-the-2006-2010-and-2011-2013-national-survey-of-family-growth
#7
Brian T Nguyen, Jennifer L Elia, Cathrine Y Ha, Bliss E Kaneshiro
OBJECTIVE: Conflicting research findings on the association of obesity and pregnancy intention may be due to their collective definition of obesity at a body mass index of 30 kg/m(2) or greater. However, obese women with a BMI of 40 kg/m(2) or greater may be both behaviorally and clinically different from obese women with a lower BMI. This study reexamines this relationship, stratifying by class of obesity; the study also explores variations in contraceptive use by class of obesity given their potential contribution to the incidence of unintended or unwanted pregnancy...
November 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145852/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-influence-of-body-mass-index-on-in-vitro-fertilization-outcome-in-non-obese-endometriosis-patients
#8
Eliana Garalejic, Biljana Arsic, Jovana Radakovic, Dragana Bojovic Jovic, Dragana Lekic, Biljana Macanovic, Ivan Soldatovic, Milan Perovic
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Obese and overweight women experience a lower probability for pregnancy after IVF. However, despite the increasing prevalence of obesity, the large majority of infertile women are non-obese. One of the most common indications for IVF is endometriosis. Thought-provoking inverse correlation has been established between BMI and endometriosis. Lower BMI is a risk factor for development of endometriosis and a predictive factor for severe endometriosis. Since severe endometriosis carries lower reproductive chances, even after IVF, we preliminary tested a hypothesis that higher BMI among non-obese endometriosis patients improves IVF outcomes...
November 16, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145810/predictors-of-prenatal-care-satisfaction-among-pregnant-women-in-american-samoa
#9
Oluwaseyi Adeyinka, Anne Marie Jukic, Stephen T McGarvey, Bethel T Muasau-Howard, Mata'uitafa Faiai, Nicola L Hawley
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women in American Samoa have a high risk of complications due to overweight and obesity. Prenatal care can mitigate the risk, however many women do not seek adequate care during pregnancy. Low utilization of prenatal care may stem from low levels of satisfaction with services offered. Our objective was to identify predictors of prenatal care satisfaction in American Samoa. METHODS: A structured survey was distributed to 165 pregnant women receiving prenatal care at the Lyndon B Johnson Tropical Medical Center, Pago Pago...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144833/low-dietary-fiber-intake-increases-collinsella-abundance-in-the-gut-microbiota-of-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women
#10
Luisa F Gomez-Arango, Helen L Barrett, Shelley A Wilkinson, Leonie K Callaway, H David McIntyre, Mark Morrison, Marloes Dekker Nitert
The gut microbiota contributes to the regulation of glucose metabolism in pregnancy. Abundance of the genus Collinsella is positively correlated with circulating insulin; however, it is unclear what determines Collinsella abundance. This study aims to validate the correlation between Collinsella and insulin and to elucidate if macronutrient intake alters Collinsella abundance and gut microbiota composition. Gut microbiota profiles were assessed by 16S rRNA sequencing in 57 overweight and 73 obese pregnant women from the SPRING (Study of PRobiotics IN Gestational diabetes) trial at 16 weeks gestation and correlated with metabolic hormone levels and macronutrient intake...
November 16, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144057/prepregnancy-body-mass-index-gestational-weight-gain-and-odds-of-cesarean-delivery-in-hispanic-women
#11
Megan W Harvey, Barry Braun, Karen A Ertel, Penelope S Pekow, Glenn Markenson, Lisa Chasan-Taber
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the association between prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), and cesarean delivery in Hispanics. METHODS: We examined these associations among 1,215 participants in Proyecto Buena Salud, a prospective cohort of Hispanic women studied from 2006 to 2011. Prepregnancy BMI, GWG, and the mode of delivery were abstracted from medical records. RESULTS: A quarter of the participants entered pregnancy with obesity, 23% delivered via cesarean, and 52% exceeded the Institute of Medicine guidelines for GWG...
November 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141444/associations-among-obesity-inflammation-and-tryptophan-catabolism-in-pregnancy
#12
Maureen Groer, Dietmar Fuchs, Allyson Duffy, Adetola Louis-Jacques, Amy D'Agata, Teodor T Postolache
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate relationships among obesity in pregnancy and plasma levels of tryptophan (TRP) and kynurenine (KYN), inflammatory markers, and depressed mood. METHODS: Pregnant women ( N = 374) were enrolled, and data were collected at a mean gestation of 20 weeks in this cross-sectional study. Plasma was analyzed for TRP, KYN, neopterin, and nitrite levels. Women completed demographic and mood scales. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant inverse correlation between body mass index (BMI) and TRP and positive correlations between BMI and KYN and the kynurenine/tryptophan (KYN/TRP) ratio...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140440/cord-metabolic-profiles-in-obese-pregnant-women-insights-into-offspring-growth-and-body-composition
#13
Nashita Patel, Christian Hellmuth, Olaf Uhl, Keith Godfrey, Annette Briley, Paul Welsh, Dharmintra Pasupathy, Paul Seed, Berthold Koletzko, Lucilla Poston
Context: Offspring exposed in-utero to maternal obesity have an increased risk of later obesity; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Objective: To assess the effect of an antenatal lifestyle intervention in obese women on the offspring's cord blood metabolic profile, and examine associations of cord blood metabolic profile with maternal clinical characteristics and offspring anthropometry at birth and age 6 months. Design: Randomised controlled trial and cohort study...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139169/sex-differences-in-the-phagocytic-and-migratory-activity-of-microglia-and-their-impairment-by-palmitic-acid
#14
Natalia Yanguas-Casás, Andrea Crespo-Castrillo, Maria L de Ceballos, Julie A Chowen, Iñigo Azcoitia, Maria Angeles Arevalo, Luis M Garcia-Segura
Sex differences in the incidence, clinical manifestation, disease course, and prognosis of neurological diseases, such as autism spectrum disorders or Alzheimer's disease, have been reported. Obesity has been postulated as a risk factor for cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease and, during pregnancy, increases the risk of autism spectrum disorders in the offspring. Obesity is associated with increased serum and brain levels of free fatty acids, such as palmitic acid, which activate microglial cells triggering a potent inflammatory cascade...
November 15, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138223/effect-of-maternal-high-fat-diet-on-key-components-of-the-placental-and-hepatic-endocannabinoid-system
#15
Kushal Gandhi, Cun Li, Nadezhda German, Cezary Skobowiat, Maira Carrillo, Raja Reddy Kallem, Eneko Larumbe, Stacy Martinez, Marcel Chuecos, Gary Ventolini, Peter Nathanielsz, Natalia Schlabritz-Loutsevitch
INTRODUCTION: Involvement of endogenous cannabinoids (eCBs) in obesity is well-characterized. However, information regarding eCB physiology in obesity associated with pregnancy is sparse. METHODS: From at least 9 months before conception, non-pregnant baboons (Papio spp.) were fed a diet of either 45% fat (HFD; n=11) or 12% fat or a control diet (CTR; n=11), and dietary intervention continued through pregnancy. Maternal and fetal venous plasma samples were evaluated using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to quantify anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG)...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136159/associations-between-maternal-lifestyle-factors-and-neonatal-body-composition-in-the-screening-for-pregnancy-endpoints-cork-cohort-study
#16
Darren L Dahly, Xia Li, Hazel A Smith, Ali S Khashan, Deirdre M Murray, Mairead E Kiely, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Fergus P McCarthy, Louise C Kenny, Patricia M Kearney
Background: Neonatal body composition likely mediates fetal influences on life long chronic disease risk. A better understanding of how maternal lifestyle is related to newborn body composition could thus inform intervention efforts. Methods: Using Cork participant data (n = 1754) from the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) cohort study [ECM5(10)05/02/08], we estimated how pre-pregnancy body size, gestational weight gain, exercise, alcohol, smoking and diet were related to neonatal fat and fat-free mass, as well as length and gestational age at birth, using quantile regression...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132037/flunixin-meglumine-improves-pregnancy-rate-in-embryo-recipient-beef-cows-with-an-excitable-temperament
#17
R K Kasimanickam, J B Hall, C T Estill, J P Kastelic, C Joseph, R L Abdel Aziz, D Nak
Objectives were to determine effects of: 1) handling temperament and administration of flunixin meglumine, an inhibitor of prostaglandin F2a (PGF2a) synthesis, given at the time of embryo transfer, on pregnancy rates in beef cattle embryo transfer recipients; 2) handling temperament and flunixin meglumine on peripheral concentrations of progesterone, cortisol, substance-P, prostaglandin F metabolites (PGFM, (13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF2a) and isoprostane 8-epi PGF2a; and 3) flunixin meglumine treatment on proportion of non-pregnant recipient cows returning to estrus within an expected interval...
November 10, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131898/association-of-maternal-obesity-with-longitudinal-ultrasonographic-measures-of-fetal-growth-findings-from-the-nichd-fetal-growth-studies-singletons
#18
Cuilin Zhang, Mary L Hediger, Paul S Albert, Jagteshwar Grewal, Anthony Sciscione, William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Roger B Newman, Ronald Wapner, Mary E D'Alton, Daniel Skupski, Michael P Nageotte, Angela C Ranzini, John Owen, Edward K Chien, Sabrina Craigo, Sungduk Kim, Katherine L Grantz, Germaine M Buck Louis
Importance: Despite the increasing prevalence of pregravid obesity, systematic evaluation of the association of maternal obesity with fetal growth trajectories is lacking. Objective: To characterize differences in fetal growth trajectories between obese and nonobese pregnant women, and to identify the timing of any observed differences. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Growth Studies-Singletons study enrolled cohorts of pregnant women at 12 US health care institutions...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131740/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129541/weight-gain-in-early-pregnancy-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-among-latinas
#20
T A Moore Simas, M E Waring, K Callaghan, K Leung, M Ward Harvey, A Buabbud, L Chasan-Taber
AIM: To evaluate the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) in early pregnancy and incidence of abnormal glucose tolerance (AGT) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among Latinas. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 2039 Latinas using pooled data from two medical centres in Massachusetts. Gestational weights were abstracted from medical records and GWG was categorized as low, appropriate and excessive according to 2009 Institute of Medicine Guidelines...
November 9, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
keyword
keyword
94606
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"