keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sbs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526379/the-polish-intestinal-failure-centres-consensus-on-the-use-of-teduglutide-for-the-treatment-of-short-bowel-syndrome
#1
Stanisław Klek, Marek Kunecki, Jacek Sobocki, Konrad Matysiak, Katarzyna Karwowska, Krystyna Urbanowicz
OBJECTIVE: Teduglutide is an active, glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-2 analog with proven clinical efficacy regarding intestinal adaptation in patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS). There are two factors that preclude its reimbursement, and thereby, its availability: its cost (reaching ∼$300,000/y)-which significantly exceeds the cost of home parenteral nutrition (HPN) in most countries-and the lack of clear guidelines. The aim of this study was to create evidence-based working criteria for the use of teduglutide that could be used in clinical settings...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521656/oral-feeding-difficulties-in-children-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-narrative-review
#2
Judy Hopkins, Sharon A Cermak, Russell J Merritt
Children with short bowel syndrome (SBS) with associated intestinal failure may be unable to absorb sufficient nutrients to sustain life. Improvements in the medical management of SBS, including use of parenteral nutrition, has significantly increased life expectancy. Independence from parenteral nutrition further improves quality of life. However, children living with SBS often develop oral aversions and feeding difficulties. There is limited research and information on which to base interventions that will preserve and develop oral motor and feeding skills...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513512/effects-of-laser-etching-on-shear-bond-strengths-of-brackets-bonded-to-fluorosed-enamel
#3
R Nalcaci, B Temel, S Çokakoğlu, H Türkkahraman, S Üsümez
AIM: To evaluate the effects of laser etching on the shear bond strengths (SBS) and failure modes of brackets bonded to fluorosed enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This in vitro study included 34 fluorosed and 34 nonfluorosed teeth. Teeth were divided into four subgroups according to the etching procedure: Group (A) normal enamel etched with 37% phosphoric acid for 15 s, Group (B) nonfluorosed enamel etched with erbium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Er: YAG) laser for 15 s, Group (C) fluorosed enamel etched with 37% phosphoric acid for 30 s, Group (D) fluorosed enamel etched with Er: YAG laser for 30 s...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510260/markers-of-enteral-adaptation-in-pediatric-cases-with-short-bowel-syndrome
#4
Masahiro Chiba, Yutaka Sanada, Akira Toki
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to ascertain if prospective determinations of specific gut hormones and growth factors could predict bowel adaptation in children with short bowel syndrome (SBS). METHODS: We studied parenteral nutrition (PN) independency as the short-term result and discontinuation of enteral nutrition (EN) as the long-term result from a retrospective chart review of 7 patients with SBS, who were managed in the absence of growth retardation. The correlation between increased numbers of enteral feedings or enteral nutrients and fasting levels of serum gastrin, glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2), citrulline, and diamine oxidase (DAO) activity was analyzed...
May 16, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501098/alterations-in-intestinal-microbiota-relate-to-intestinal-failure-associated-liver-disease-and-central-line-infections
#5
Panliang Wang, Ying Wang, Lina Lu, Weihui Yan, Yijing Tao, Kejun Zhou, Jie Jia, Wei Cai
BACKGROUND: The gut microbiota plays a vital role in modulating the metabolic and immune functions of the intestines. We aimed to analyze the dysbiosis of microbiota in infants with short bowel syndrome (SBS) with different complications. PROCEDURE: We included 26 fecal samples from 18 infants with SBS during parenteral nutrition. The samples were categorized into three groups: asymptomatic, parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD), and central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI)...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492752/effect-of-metal-primers-on-bond-strength-of-a-composite-resin-to-nickel-chrome-metal-alloy
#6
Gabriel Nima, Paulo Vitor Campos Ferreira, Andreia Bolzan de Paula, Simonides Consani, Marcelo Giannini
This study evaluated the effects of three metal primers and one multi-mode adhesive system on the shear bond strength (SBS) of a flowable composite resin to nickel-chrome metal alloy (Ni-Cr). Ninety plates were cast from Ni-Cr and divided in nine groups (n=10). The surfaces were sandblasted with Al2O3 and primed with three adhesive primers: Alloy Primer (AP), Universal Primer (TP) and RelyX Ceramic Primer (CP), and a multi-mode adhesive (Scotchbond Universal, SU). The Adper Single Bond Plus (SB) and SU adhesives were also combined with adhesive primers...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492751/influence-of-thermal-cycles-number-on-bond-strength-of-metallic-brackets-to-ceramic
#7
José Eliú Pereira Jurubeba, Ana Rosa Costa, Lourenço Correr-Sobrinho, Carlos Alberto Malanconi Tubel, Américo Bortolazzo Correr, Silvia Amélia Vedovello, Marcus Vinicius Crepaldi, Mário Vedovello
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different number of thermal cycles on the shear bond strength (SBS) of metallic orthodontic brackets bonded to feldspathic ceramic by a composite resin. Twenty-five ceramic cylinders were etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 60 s and received two layers of silane. Brackets were bonded to the cylinders using Transbond XT and assigned to 5 groups (n=5): Group 1 - Control group (without thermal cycling); Group 2 - 500 thermal cycles; Group 3 - 5,000 thermal cycles; Group 4 - 7,000 thermal cycles and Group 5 - 10,000 thermal cycles...
March 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490405/utility-of-early-postoperative-imaging-after-combined-endoscopic-and-open-ventral-skull-base-surgery
#8
Zachary S Mendelson, Kristen A Echanique, Meghan M Crippen, Alejandro Vazquez, James K Liu, Jean Anderson Eloy
PURPOSE: Immediate postoperative imaging is frequently obtained after combined skull base surgery (SBS) with endoscopic endonasal and open transcranial approaches. The importance of early postoperative imaging for detecting complications in these patients is still debatable. In this study, we investigated the clinical utility of early postoperative imaging after combined SBS for determination of postoperative complications. METHODS: A retrospective chart analysis of 21 cases of combined SBS between 2009 and 2015 was performed...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489978/sodium-bisulfate-and-a-sodium-bisulfate-tannin-mixture-decreases-ph-when-added-to-an-in-vitro-incubated-poultry-cecal-or-fecal-contents-while-reducing-salmonella-typhimurium-marker-strain-survival-and-altering-the-microbiome
#9
Peter M Rubinelli, Sun Ae Kim, Si Hong Park, Stephanie M Roto, Steven C Ricke
The objective of the present study was to investigate the ability of animal feed-grade sodium bisulfate (SBS) and a mixture of sodium bisulfate/tannin to inhibit the growth of Salmonella using an anerobic in vitro mixed cecal culture to mimic the conditions within the chicken cecum. An initial inoculum of Salmonella Typhimurium was introduced to an anerobic dilution solution containing 1/3000 diluted cecal bacteria and solids consisting of ground chicken feed and different percentages of solid SBS or SBS/tannin, and surviving organisms were enumerated...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483430/volumetric-evaluation-of-the-rotator-cuff-musculature-in-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-with-pseudoparalysis
#10
Yong Girl Rhee, Nam Su Cho, Jong Hoon Song, Jung Gwan Park, Tae Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: If the balance of the rotator cuff force couple is disrupted, pseudoparalysis may occur, but the exact mechanism remains unknown. This study investigated the effect of rotator cuff force couple disruption on active range of motion in massive rotator cuff tear (mRCT) by rotator cuff muscle volume analysis. METHODS: The study included 53 patients with irreparable mRCT: 22 in the nonpseudoparalysis group and 31 in the pseudoparalysis group. The volumes of the subscapularis (SBS), infraspinatus (ISP), and teres minor (TM) muscles were measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the ratios of each muscle volume to the anatomic external rotator (aER) volume were calculated...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481229/parenteral-nutrition-and-intestinal-failure
#11
REVIEW
Barbara Bielawska, Johane P Allard
Severe short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a major cause of chronic (Type 3) intestinal failure (IF) where structural and functional changes contribute to malabsorption and risk of micronutrient deficiencies. Chronic IF may be reversible, depending on anatomy and intestinal adaptation, but most patients require long-term nutritional support, generally in the form of parenteral nutrition (PN). SBS management begins with dietary changes and pharmacologic therapies taking into account individual anatomy and physiology, but these are rarely sufficient to avoid PN...
May 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479768/laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy-using-barbed-sutures-for-mesh-fixation-and-peritoneal-closure-a-safe-option-to-reduce-operational-times
#12
Panagiotis Kallidonis, Abdulrahman Al-Aown, Marinos Vasilas, Iason Kyriazis, Vasilis Panagopoulos, Fotini Fligou, Anastasios Athanasopoulos, Bagheri Fariborz, Evangelos Liatsikos, Mehmet Özsoy
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) has established itself as a safe method for the management of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Laparoscopic suturing is a time-consuming intraoperative task during LSC. Self-retaining barbed sutures (SBSs) are known to reduce the operative time in laparoscopic cases. The current study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SBS during the performance of LSC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty female patients with symptomatic POP were treated with LSC by an expert surgeon...
April 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475085/effect-of-timing-of-repair-on-repair-bond-strength-of-methacrylate-and-silorane-based-composite-resins
#13
Fereshteh Shafiei, Sahar Akbarian, Fatemeh Asadi
Successful repair of defective composite resin restorations is considered a conservative treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the repair bond strengths of a methacrylate composite (MC) and a silorane composite (SC) repaired after 5 different intervals. Seventy-two test specimens of each material (MC and SC) were prepared. The specimens of each material were divided into 6 groups (n = 12): 1, control (additional composite bonded immediately after polymerization of the substrate composite resin); 2, repaired after 20 minutes; 3, repaired after 24 hours; 4, repaired after 1 week; 5, repaired after 1 month; and 6, repaired after 6 months...
May 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474008/micellization-and-single-particle-encapsulation-with-dimethylammoniopropyl-sulfobetaines
#14
Jianxin Wang, Oscar Morales-Collazo, Alexander Wei
Sulfobetaines (SBs) are a class of zwitterionic surfactants with a reputation for enhancing colloidal stability at high salt concentrations. Here, we present a systematic study on the self-assembly of SB amphiphiles (sultaines or hydroxysultaines) in aqueous solutions, as a function of chain length and composition, ionic strength, and in the presence of alkanethiol-coated Au nanoparticles (GNPs). The diameters of the micelles assembled from SB and amidosulfobetaine (ASB) generally increase monotonically with chain length, although ASB micelles are smaller relative to alkyl SB micelles with similarly sized tailgroups, and oleyl sulfobetaine (OSB) micelles are slightly larger...
April 30, 2017: ACS Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471491/solution-blow-spinning-of-food-grade-gelatin-nanofibers
#15
Fei Liu, Roberto J Avena-Bustillos, Cristina Bilbao-Sainz, Rachelle Woods, Bor-Sen Chiou, Delilah Wood, Tina Williams, Wallace Yokoyama, Gregory M Glenn, Tara H McHugh, Fang Zhong
The primary advantage of nanofibers over larger diameter fibers is the larger surface area to volume ratio. This study evaluated solution blow spinning (SBS) processing conditions for obtaining food-grade gelatin nanofibers from mammalian and fishery byproducts, such as pork skin gelatins (PGs) and high molecular weight fish skin gelatin (HMWFG). HMWFG had a highest intact collagen structure compared to PGs. PGs with different Bloom values, solution viscosities, and surface tensions were compared with HMWFG for their ability to produce nanofibers through SBS...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469821/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-three-innovative-recyling-methods-on-the-shear-bond-strength-of-stainless-steel-brackets-an-in-vitro-study
#16
Neeraj Gupta, Dilip Kumar, Aparna Palla
BACKGROUND: Orthodontists are commonly faced with the decision of what to do with debonded or inaccurately positioned brackets. An economical option to this dilemma is to recycle the brackets. Many recycling methods have been proposed, but the optimal bond strength of these recycled brackets needs further evaluation. Objectives: To evaluate and compare the effect of three recycling methods: (i) Sandblasting (ii) Sandblasting / direct flaming (iii) Sandblasting /direct flaming /acid bath solution on shear bond strength (SBS) of stainless steel brackets...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469580/microbiota-is-involved-in-post-resection-adaptation-in-humans-with-short-bowel-syndrome
#17
Laura Gillard, Camille Mayeur, Véronique Robert, Isabelle Pingenot, Johanne Le Beyec, André Bado, Patricia Lepage, Muriel Thomas, Francisca Joly
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is characterized by severe intestinal malabsorption following restrictive surgery. The objective of this study was to determine the functional contribution of SBS-microbiota after resection. It is well-known that SBS-microbiota displayed specific features with a prevalence of Lactobacillus, a low amount of some anaerobic microbes (Clostridium leptum) and an accumulation of fecal lactate in some patients. Patients with jejuno-colonic anastomosis were stratified according to the presence of lactate in their feces and, we observe that the lactate-producing bacteria were predominant in the sub-group of patients accumulating fecal lactate...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469535/association-between-deep-sedation-from-continuous-intravenous-sedatives-and-extubation-failures-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#18
Jennifer M Schultheis, Travis S Heath, David A Turner
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine whether an association exists between deep sedation from continuous infusion sedatives and extubation failures in mechanically ventilated children. Secondary outcomes evaluated risk factors associated with deep sedation. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted between January 1, 2009, and October 31, 2012, in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at Duke Children's Hospital. Patients were included in the study if they had been admitted to the PICU, had been mechanically ventilated for ≥48 hours, and had received at least one continuous infusion benzodiazepine and/or opioid infusion for ≥24 hours...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468402/wideband-tunable-optoelectronic-oscillator-based-on-the-deamplification-of-stimulated-brillouin-scattering
#19
Huanfa Peng, Yongchi Xu, Xiaofeng Peng, Xiaoqi Zhu, Rui Guo, Feiya Chen, Huayang Du, Yuanxiang Chen, Cheng Zhang, Lixin Zhu, Weiwei Hu, Zhangyuan Chen
A wideband tunable optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) based on the deamplification of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. A tunable single passband microwave photonic filter (MPF) utilizing phase modulation and SBS deamplification is used to realize the tunability of the OEO. Theoretical analysis of the MPF and phase noise performance of the OEO are presented. The frequency response of the MPF is determined by the + 1st sideband attenuation due to SBS deamplification and phase shift difference between the two sidebands due to chromatic dispersion and SBS...
May 1, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468339/stimulated-brillouin-scattering-suppression-of-thulium-doped-fiber-amplifier-with-fiber-superfluorescent-seed-source
#20
Chen Liu, Jiang Liu, Yijing Zhang, Yubin Hou, Shuxian Qi, Xian Feng, Pu Wang
We investigate the stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) effect in high-power thulium-doped fiber amplifier seeded with a narrow-linewidth fiber superfluorescent source or a conventional narrow-linewidth fiber laser. No random backward SBS pulses are observed when using a narrow-linewidth fiber superfluorescent source as the seed. The corresponding average power and peak power reach 153 W and 3.4 kW, respectively, only limited by the available pump power. This gives the average power and peak power extraction from the thulium-doped fiber amplifier with 17 fold enhancement, in comparison with the situation using the conventional narrow-linewidth fiber laser with similar central wavelength and spectral linewidth as the seed...
May 1, 2017: Optics Express
keyword
keyword
94603
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"