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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445795/a-novel-approach-to-calculating-small-intestine-length-based-on-magnetic-resonance-enterography
#1
Nicole A Wilson, Hyung-Soon Park, Kyoung Soub Lee, Lauren K Barron, Brad W Warner
BACKGROUND: Bowel length is an important factor in the management of patients with intestinal failure and short bowel syndrome (SBS). However, it is difficult to accurately measure the length of the small intestine. Our purpose was to demonstrate the feasibility of a dedicated software algorithm for calculating small intestine length based on magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) images. STUDY DESIGN: A custom algorithm for image thresholding, wall-identification, segmentation, and path extraction was designed and implemented...
April 23, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444018/effect-of-nanotechnology-in-self-etch-bonding-systems-on-the-shear-bond-strength-of-stainless-steel-orthodontic-brackets
#2
Shaza M Hammad, Noha El-Wassefy, Ahmed Maher, Shafik M Fawakerji
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of silica dioxide (SiO2) nanofillers in different bonding systems on shear bond strength (SBS) and mode of failure of orthodontic brackets at two experimental times. METHODS: Ninety-six intact premolars were divided into four groups: A) Conventional acid-etch and primer Transbond XT; B) Transbond Plus self-etch primer; and two self-etch bonding systems reinforced with silica dioxide nanofiller at different concentrations: C) Futurabond DC at 1%; D) Optibond All-in-One at 7%...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440883/a-misunderstanding-response-to-dr-bilo-et-al
#3
Niels Lynøe, Göran Elinder, Boubou Hallberg, Måns Rosén, Pia Sundgren, Anders Eriksson
In their comments on the shaken baby syndrome report (1) and subsequent paper in Acta Paediatrica (2) Dr Bilo et al (3) assumed that the expert panel responsible for both publications used the "same meticulous approach to compile Table 1" in the Appendix to the report as they did in the main references to the report (1). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 25, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439578/long-term-bond-strength-of-self-etch-adhesives-to-normal-and-artificially-eroded-dentin-effect-of-relative-humidity-and-saliva-contamination
#4
Fabienne Amsler, Anne Peutzfeldt, Adrian Lussi, Simon Flury
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of relative humidity and saliva contamination on short- and long-term bond strength of two self-etch adhesives to normal and artificially eroded dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 480 dentin specimens were produced from extracted human molars. Half of the specimens (n = 240) were left untreated (normal dentin) whereas the other half (n = 240) were artificially eroded. The specimens were treated with Clearfil SE Bond (CSE) or Scotchbond Universal (SBU), and composite (Filtek Z250) was applied to the treated dentin surface under four experimental conditions: at a relative humidity of 45% or 85% without/with human saliva contamination...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437603/what-are-acceptable-conclusions-response-to-dr-ludvigsson
#5
Niels Lynøe, Göran Elinder, Boubou Hallberg, Måns Rosén, Pia Sundgren, Anders Eriksson
We would like to thank to Dr Ludvigsson (1), who was the only critical commentary author to acknowledge the methodological problems inherent in the diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome, following the publication of our systematic review (2) in Acta Paediatrica. Dr Ludvigsson posed two questions regarding the two main conclusions, which deserve responses. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437569/the-shaken-baby-syndrome-report-was-not-the-result-of-a-conspiracy-response-to-dr-narang-et-al
#6
Niels Lynøe, Göran Elinder, Boubou Hallberg, Måns Rosén, Pia Sundgren, Anders Eriksson
Narang et al (1) maintain that the research question in our systematic review in Acta Paediatrica (2) was based on the findings of Guthkelch in 1971 (3), and that we presumed that Guthkelch introduced the shaken baby syndrome triad. That is not correct. We used the Guthkelch example in the introduction in order to illustrate when the discussion on shaken baby syndrome was initiated. As our research question was a reverse causality version of the Guthkelch hypothesis, it was not influenced by that hypothesis...
April 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437564/conflicts-of-interest-issues-response-to-lucas-et-al
#7
Niels Lynøe, Göran Elinder, Boubou Hallberg, Måns Rosén, Pia Sundgren, Anders Eriksson
Lucas et al (1) maintain that there were substantial flaws in the way our review on shaken baby syndrome (2) was conducted and in our choice of research focus. They suggest that the reason for these major shortcomings was that the expert panel lacked clinicians and scientists with deep knowledge in the research area. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437023/authors-overarching-reply-to-all-the-responses-received-to-the-systematic-literature-review-on-shaken-baby-syndrome
#8
Niels Lynøe, Göran Elinder, Boubou Hallberg, Måns Rosén, Pia Sundgren, Anders Eriksson
There have been a lot of views expressed about our paper on shaken baby syndrome, which was published in Acta Paediatrica (1). We acknowledge the concerns expressed by all of the authors who responded with regard to child welfare and the possibility that the diagnoses may be delayed in individual cases of child abuse. However, we are very troubled by the disregard displayed by those authors to the significant methodological problems inherent in published research on shaken baby syndrome. This article is protected by copyright...
April 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435621/the-effect-of-plasma-on-shear-bond-strength-between-resin-cement-and-colored-zirconia
#9
Chan Park, Seung-Hwan Yoo, Sang-Won Park, Kwi-Dug Yun, Min-Kyung Ji, Jin-Ho Shin, Hyun-Pil Lim
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma (NTAPP) treatment on shear bond strength (SBS) between resin cement and colored zirconia made with metal chlorides. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 60 zirconia specimens were divided into 3 groups using coloring liquid. Each group was divided again into 2 sub-groups using plasma treatment; the experimental group was treated with plasma, and the control group was untreated. The sub-groups were: N (non-colored), C (0...
April 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435367/-ormocer-an-innovative-technology-a-replacement-for-conventional-cements-and-veneer-a-comparative-in-vitro-analysis
#10
Vini Rajeev, Rajeev Arunachalam, Sanjna Nayar, P R Arunima, Sivadas Ganapathy, Vaishnavi Vedam
OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study was designed to assess shear bond strength (SBS) of ormocer flowable (OF) resin as a luting agent, ormocer as an indirect veneer material with portrayal of modes of failures using scanning electron microscope (SEM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty maxillary central incisors were divided into Group I, II, and III with 20 samples each based on luting cement used. They were OF, self-adhesive (SA) cement, and total etch (TE) cement. These groups were subdivided into "a" and "b" of ten each based on the type of veneering materials used...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434083/predictors-of-a-successful-outcome-for-infants-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-30-year-single-institution-experience
#11
Tatsuru Kaji, Kazuhiko Nakame, Seiro Machigashira, Takafumi Kawano, Ryuta Masuya, Waka Yamada, Koji Yamada, Shun Onishi, Tomoe Moriguchi, Koshiro Sugita, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Short-bowel syndrome (SBS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. We conducted this study to establish the predictors of survival and weaning off parenteral nutrition (PN). METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 16 SBS infants treated at our institution within a 30-year period. SBS was defined as a residual small-bowel length (RSBL) of <75 cm. Loss of the ileocecal valve (ICV), cholestasis (D-Bil >2.0 mg/dl), enterostomy, and RSBL were all evaluated...
April 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431122/the-sense-study-treatment-mechanisms-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-improvement-intervention-for-at-risk-adolescents
#12
Matthew Blake, Orli Schwartz, Joanna M Waloszek, Monika Raniti, Julian G Simmons, Greg Murray, Laura Blake, Ronald E Dahl, Richard Bootzin, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
Objective: The aim of this study was to test whether a cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based sleep intervention could improve sleep and anxiety on school nights in a group of at-risk adolescents. We also examined whether benefits to sleep and anxiety would be mediated by improvements in sleep hygiene awareness and pre-sleep hyperarousal. Method: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (Female=60%; Mean Age=14...
April 18, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425133/fecal-microbiota-signatures-of-adult-patients-with-different-types-of-short-bowel-syndrome
#13
Yuhua Huang, Feilong Guo, Yousheng Li, Jian Wang, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a common cause of intestinal failure and can be divided into three types depending on intestinal anatomy. Gut dysbiosis has been observed in pediatric SBS patients and is associated with impaired outcome. Little is known about the changes in gut microbiota of adult SBS patients. Therefore, we aim to characterize the fecal microbiota of adult patients with different types of SBS. METHODS: Fifteen fecal samples from healthy controls and adult patients with type II or type III SBS were collected (five in each group)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420832/effect-of-air-particle-pressures-on-the-surface-topography-and-bond-strengths-of-resin-cement-to-the-hybrid-ceramics
#14
Jong-Eun Kim, Jee-Hwan Kim, June-Sung Shim, Byoung-Duck Roh, Yooseok Shin
This study aimed to determine the appropriate pressure for airborne-abrasion by comparing the shear bond strength values for different hybrid ceramic surfaces. Two materials were used to produce hybrid ceramic specimens: Lava Ultimate and MAZIC Duro. The group of specimens whose surfaces were not subjected to airborne-abrasion was set as the control group. In the experimental group, airborne-abrasion was performed at pressures of 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 MPa. After the adhesive and resin cement was applied, an SBS test was performed...
April 18, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415467/poly-l-lactic-acid-and-polyurethane-nanofibers-fabricated-by-solution-blow-spinning-as-potential-substrates-for-cardiac-cell-culture
#15
Ewelina Tomecka, Michal Wojasinski, Elzbieta Jastrzebska, Michal Chudy, Tomasz Ciach, Zbigniew Brzozka
This paper presents a comparison and evaluation of cardiac cell proliferation on poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) and polyurethane (PU) nanofibrous mats fabricated by solution blow spinning (SBS). Three different cardiac cell lines: rat cardiomyoblasts (H9C2 line), human (HCM) and rat cardiomyocytes (RCM) were used for experiments. Cell morphology, orientation and proliferation were investigated on non-modified and protein-modified (fibronectin, collagen, gelatin, laminin, poly-l-lysine) surfaces of both types of nanofibers...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414171/the-effects-of-water-on-degradation-of-the-zirconia-resin-bond
#16
C Chen, Y Chen, Z Lu, M Qian, H Xie, F R Tay
OBJECTIVES: 10-methacryloyloxydecyldihydrogenphosphate (MDP) containing primers improve bonding of yttria-stabilised tetragonal zirconia (Y-TZP) to methacrylate resins. The present study investigated the role played by water in the deterioration of MDP-mediated zirconia-resin bonds. METHODS: Grit-blasted Y-TZP plates were conditioned with two MDP primers and bonded with resin for shear bond strength (SBS) testing. Additional bonded plates were aged hydrothermally and compared with unaged Y-TZP after 24hours of water-storage or 6 months of water/acid/alkali-storage...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412189/mean-5-year-follow-up-for-suture-button-suspensionplasty-in-the-treatment-of-thumb-carpometacarpal-joint-osteoarthritis
#17
Jeffrey Yao, Andre Eu-Jin Cheah
PURPOSE: Suture button suspensionplasty (SBS) has been used to treat thumb carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis (CMC joint OA). Although promising short-term outcomes have been reported, no outcomes beyond 4 years have been published. The aim of this article is to report intermediate outcomes of SBS. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 14 patients who underwent 16 SBS procedures for symptomatic thumb CMC joint OA. We recorded demographic data, preoperative Eaton stage, length of follow-up, Quick-Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire scores, as well as pinch strength, grip strength, range of motion, and metacarpal subsidence...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406472/lunch-salad-bars-in-new-orleans-middle-and-high-schools-student-intake-of-fruit-and-vegetables
#18
Carolyn C Johnson, Leann Myers, Adrienne R Mundorf, Keelia O'Malley, Lori Andersen Spruance, Diane M Harris
The school lunch salad bar (SB) is a recommended food environmental strategy to increase access to, and consumption of fruit and vegetables (F/V). In a study to examine use of school lunch SBs, middle and high school students provided data via the Automated Self-Administered 24-h dietary recall (24HDR) tool for kids (ASA24-Kids-2012), a web-based data collection platform. Kilocalories were computed, food groups were assigned and F/V sources were obtained. Students (n = 718) from 12 schools with SBs and nine schools without SBs were approximately 87% African American, over 64% female and most were 7th and 8th graders...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385289/use-of-a-novel-docosahexaenoic-acid-formulation-vs-control-in-a-neonatal-porcine-model-of-short-bowel-syndrome-leads-to-greater-intestinal-absorption-and-higher-systemic-levels-of-dha
#19
Camilia R Martin, Barbara Stoll, Joanne Cluette-Brown, Adesola C Akinkuotu, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Kathleen M Gura, Pratibha Singh, Munir M Zaman, Michael C Perillo, Mark Puder, Steven D Freedman, Doug Burrin
Infants with short bowel syndrome (SBS) are at high risk for malabsorption, malnutrition, and failure to thrive. The objective of this study was to evaluate in a porcine model of SBS, the systemic absorption of a novel enteral Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) formulation that forms micelles independent of bile salts (DHA-ALT®). We hypothesized that enteral delivery of DHA-ALT® would result in higher blood levels of DHA compared to a control DHA preparation due to improved intestinal absorption. SBS was induced in term piglets through a 75% mid-jejunoileal resection and the piglets randomized to either DHA-ALT® or control DHA formulation (N=5 per group) for 4 postoperative days...
March 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378134/pediatric-short-bowel-syndrome-and-subsequent-development-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-an-illustrative-case-and-literature-review
#20
Katherine J Baxter, Jahnavi K Srinivasan, Thomas R Ziegler, Tanvi Dhere, Richard R Ricketts, Megan M Durham
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) in neonates is an uncommon but highly morbid condition. As SBS survival increases, physiologic complications become more apparent. Few reports in the literature elucidate outcomes for adults with a pediatric history of SBS. We present a case report of a patient, born with complicated gastroschisis resulting in SBS at birth, who subsequently developed symptoms and pathologic changes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as an adult. The patient lived from age 7, after a Bianchi intestinal lengthening procedure, to age 34 independent of parenteral nutrition (PN), but requiring hydration fluid via G-tube...
April 4, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
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