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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872168/accurate-carbohydrate-counting-is-an-important-determinant-of-postprandial-glycemia-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-on-insulin-pump-therapy
#1
Asma Deeb, Ahlam Al Hajeri, Iman Alhmoudi, Nico Nagelkerke
BACKGROUND: Carbohydrate (CHO) counting is a key nutritional intervention utilized in the management of diabetes to optimize postprandial glycemia. The aim of the study was to examine the impact of accuracy of CHO counting on the postprandial glucose in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes on insulin pump therapy. METHODS: Children/adolescents with type 1 diabetes who were on insulin pump therapy for a minimum of 6 months are enrolled in the study. Patients were instructed to record details of meals consumed, estimated CHO count per meal, and 2-hour postprandial glucose readings over 3-5 days...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805239/effects-of-ramadan-intermittent-fasting-on-north-african-children-s-heart-rate-and-oxy-haemoglobin-saturation-at-rest-and-during-sub-maximal-exercise
#2
Mohamed Amine Fenneni, Imed Latiri, Asma Aloui, Sonia Rouatbi, Karim Chamari, Helmi Ben Saad
AIM: To examine the effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting (RIF) on the heart rate (HR) and oxyhaemoglobin saturation levels (oxy-sat) of boys at rest and during a six-minute walking test (6MWT). METHODS: Eighteen boys (age: 11.9 ± 0.8 years, height: 153.00 ± 8.93 cm, body mass: 55.4 ± 18.2 kg), who fasted the entire month of Ramadan in 2012 for the first time in their lives, were included. The experimental protocol comprised four testing phases: two weeks before Ramadan (pre-R), the end of the second week of Ramadan (R-2), the end of the fourth week of Ramadan (R-4), and 10 to 12 days after the end of Ramadan (post-R)...
October 21, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687031/transgenic-expression-of-phytase-in-wheat-endosperm-increases-bioavailability-of-iron-and-zinc-in-grains
#3
Nabeela Abid, Asia Khatoon, Asma Maqbool, Muhammad Irfan, Aftab Bashir, Irsa Asif, Muhammad Shahid, Asma Saeed, Henrik Brinch-Pedersen, Kauser A Malik
Phytate is a major constituent of wheat seeds and chelates metal ions, thus reducing their bioavailability and so the nutritional value of grains. Transgenic plants expressing heterologous phytase are expected to enhance degradation of phytic acid stored in seeds and are proposed to increase the in vitro bioavailability of mineral nutrients. Wheat transgenic plants expressing Aspergillus japonicus phytase gene (phyA) in wheat endosperm were developed till T3 generation. The transgenic lines exhibited 18-99 % increase in phytase activity and 12-76 % reduction of phytic acid content in seeds...
September 29, 2016: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677120/the-effects-of-arsenic-contaminated-drinking-water-of-livestock-on-its-total-levels-in-milk-samples-of-different-cattle-risk-assessment-in-children
#4
Tasneem Gul Kazi, Kapil Dev Brahman, Hassan Imran Afridi, Mohammad Balal Arain, Farah Naz Talpur, Asma Akhtar
This work was carried out to evaluate the arsenic (As) levels in milk samples of different milch animals, sheep, goats, cows, buffaloes and camels in Tharparkar, Pakistan. The concentration of As in the milk samples of cows, buffalos, sheep, goats and camels were observed in the range of 15.1-18.4, 2.6-7.7, 25.7-33.2, 10.5-37.3 and 6.6-13.7 μg/L, respectively. The levels of As in livestock drinking water of each farms/flocks was found in the range of 238-2000 μg L(-1). A positive correlation with Pearson correlation coefficients, ranged as, 0...
December 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676398/the-relationship-between-calciotropic-hormones-igf1-and-bone-mass-across-pubertal-stages
#5
Maria Matar, Laila Al-Shaar, Joyce Maalouf, Mona Nabulsi, Asma Arabi, Mahmoud Choucair, Hani Tamim, Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the changes in calciotropic hormones during puberty and their relationship to bone mass during this critical period for skeletal accretion. OBJECTIVES: Investigate changes in calciotropic hormones, IGF1, body composition and their associations with bone metabolism in adolescents. METHODS: Post-hoc analyses from data on 335 healthy school children, ages 10-17 years, with hypovitaminosis D, who participated in a vitamin D randomized controlled trial...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659114/vaccination-adherence-review-and-proposed-model
#6
Asma A Abahussin, Ahmed I Albarrak
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood vaccine-preventable diseases can be significantly reduced through adherence to confirmed vaccination schedules. However, many barriers to vaccination compliance exist, including a lack of awareness regarding the importance of vaccines, missing due dates, and fear of complications from vaccinations. The aim of this study is to review the existing tools and publications regarding vaccination adherence, and to propose a design for a vaccination adherence application (app) for smartphones...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631672/glucocorticoid-replacement-regimens-in-chronic-adrenal-insufficiency-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Alaa Al Nofal, Irina Bancos, Khalid Benkhadra, Naykky Maruquel Singh Ospina, Asma Javed, Ekta Kapoor, Kalpana Muthusamy, Juan P Brito, Adina F Turcu, Zhen Wang, Larry Prokop, Dana Z Erickson, Aida N Lteif, Neena Natt, Mohammad Hassan Murad
INTRODUCTION: Various glucocorticoid regimens have been used in the treatment of patients with adrenal insufficiency, yet the differences between such regimens on health outcomes are unclear. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the effect of various glucocorticoid regimens on quality of life, bone density, incidence of adrenal crisis and death. In pediatric studies, we searched for final adult height. METHODS: We searched 6 databases through July 2016...
September 15, 2016: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595985/outcome-of-fetal-gastro-intestinal-cysts-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Luisa Marrone, Marco Liberati, Asma Khalil, Giuseppe Rizzo, Martina Leombroni, Danilo Buca, Francesca Bascietto, Sarah Gustapane, Maria Elena Flacco, Lamberto Manzoli, Ganesh Acharya, Francesco D'Antonio
OBJECTIVES: To explore the outcome of fetal gastrointestinal (GI) cysts and to ascertain the detection rate of prenatal ultrasound in identifying these anomalies. METHODS: Medline and Embase databases were searched. The outcomes explored were: resolution of the cyst, additional GI anomalies detected only at birth, clinical symptoms, need for surgery, post-surgical complications and diagnostic accuracy. Meta-analyses of proportions and hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristics (HSROC) model were used to analyse the data...
October 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581855/outcomes-associated-with-isolated-agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Francesco D'Antonio, Giorgio Pagani, Alessandra Familiari, Asma Khalil, Tally-Lerman Sagies, Gustavo Malinger, Zvi Leibovitz, Catherine Garel, Marie Laure Moutard, Gianluigi Pilu, Amar Bhide, Ganesh Acharya, Martina Leombroni, Lamberto Manzoli, Aris Papageorghiou, Federico Prefumo
CONTEXT: Antenatal counseling in cases of agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) is challenging. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the outcome in fetuses with isolated complete ACC and partial ACC. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane databases. STUDY SELECTION: Studies reporting a prenatal diagnosis of ACC. The outcomes observed were: chromosomal abnormalities at standard karyotype and chromosomal microarray (CMA) analysis, additional anomalies detected only at prenatal MRI and at postnatal imaging or clinical evaluation, concordance between prenatal and postnatal diagnosis and neurodevelopmental outcome...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540195/comparison-of-hydrocortisone-10%C3%A2-mg-tablets-tablet-hardness-optimised-for-adult-use-has-negative-consequences-for-paediatric-use
#10
Sarina Saimbi, Valerie Madden, Heather Stirling, Asma Yahyouche, Hannah Batchelor
BACKGROUND: Children's medicines are not always readily available as an age appropriate product and manipulation of adult products is often required. Recently the commercial manufacturing process for 10 mg hydrocortisone tablets has changed and the compression force increased due to tablets fracturing on removal from the blister pack. However, this change led to parents of children requiring hydrocortisone reporting that the tablets were more difficult to manipulate.This study evaluated 10 mg hydrocortisone tablets for their suitability for manipulation in order to deliver an appropriate dose to children (2 mg dose)...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500913/does-reducing-basal-insulin-during-ramadan-fasting-by-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-decrease-the-risk-of-symptomatic-hypoglycemia
#11
Asma Deeb, Nabras Al Qahtani, Salima Attia, Hana Al Suwaidi, Nico Nagelkerke
BACKGROUND: Ramadan fasting by patients with type 1 diabetes might predispose them to hypoglycemia. There are no data on the optimal way of adjusting basal insulin during fasting. We aim at studying whether reducing basal insulin during Ramadan reduces the frequency of symptomatic hypoglycemia. METHODS: We enrolled children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes who intended to fast during Ramadan. Logbooks were given to subjects to mark days fasted, symptomatic hypoglycemia, and dose of basal insulin on all days of Ramadan...
September 2016: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376224/hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-in-an-adult-a-rapidly-progressive-disease-with-grave-outcome
#12
Asma Bandhani, Naila Raza, Kamal Ahmed
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare and potentially fatal syndrome seen primarily in children. It is characterized by pathologic systemic hyper inflammation which in adults is easily overlooked due to non-specific clinical features. Most of the data available are on paedriatic population, making the diagnosis of HLH in adults challenging for the clinician. Here we report a case of HLH in a 48-year male who presented with pyrexia of unknown origin for 2 months but remained undiagnosed despite extensive workup...
June 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354000/statistical-analysis-of-factors-affecting-child-mortality-in-pakistan
#13
Zoya Ahmed, Asifa Kamal, Asma Kamal
Child mortality is a composite indicator reflecting economic, social, environmental, healthcare services, and their delivery situation in a country. Globally, Pakistan has the third highest burden of fetal, maternal, and child mortality. Factors affecting child mortality in Pakistan are investigated by using Binary Logistic Regression Analysis. Region, education of mother, birth order, preceding birth interval (the period between the previous child birth and the index child birth), size of child at birth, and breastfeeding and family size were found to be significantly important with child mortality in Pakistan...
June 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340581/acute-hepatitis-and-pancytopenia-in-healthy-infant-with-adenovirus
#14
Amr Matoq, Asma Salahuddin
Adenoviruses are a common cause of respiratory infection, pharyngitis, and conjunctivitis in infants and young children. They are known to cause hepatitis and liver failure in immunocompromised patients; they are a rare cause of hepatitis in immunocompetent patients and have been known to cause fulminant hepatic failure. We present a 23-month-old immunocompetent infant who presented with acute noncholestatic hepatitis, hypoalbuminemia, generalized anasarca, and pancytopenia secondary to adenovirus infection...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336001/incidence-rate-and-epidemiological-and-clinical-aspects-of-kawasaki-disease-in-children-of-maghrebi-origin-in-the-province-of-quebec-canada-compared-to-the-country-of-origin
#15
Arbia Abir Gorrab, Anne Fournier, Asma Abed Bouaziz, Linda Spigelblatt, Rosie Scuccimarri, Ali Mrabet, Nagib Dahdah
The incidence of Kawasaki disease in Maghreb countries is apparently low, unlike those living in the province of Quebec, Canada. This retrospective study compared Maghrebi children living in Quebec to the countries of origin, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. The annualized incidence rate in Quebec (18.49/year/100 000 children under 5 years of age) was 4 to 12 times higher than in Tunisia, Morocco, and Algeria (0.95, 4.52, and 3.15, respectively). The prevalence of incomplete diagnostic criteria was higher in Quebec at 39%, Morocco 43%, and Tunisia 39% compared to Algeria at 8%, with minimal delayed diagnosis (7%) only in Quebec compared to 30%, 35%, and 62%, respectively (P < ...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316915/french-intensive-care-society-international-congress-r%C3%A3-animation-2016
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294150/implementation-of-a-diabetes-educator-care-model-to-reduce-paediatric-admission-for-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#17
Asma Deeb, Hana Yousef, Layla Abdelrahman, Mary Tomy, Shaker Suliman, Salima Attia, Hana Al Suwaidi
Introduction. Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious complication that can be life-threatening. Management of DKA needs admission in a specialized center and imposes major constraints on hospital resources. Aim. We plan to study the impact of adapting a diabetes-educator care model on reducing the frequency of hospital admission of children and adolescents presenting with DKA. Method. We have proposed a model of care led by diabetes educators for children and adolescents with diabetes. The team consisted of highly trained nurses...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118440/oral-habits-dental-trauma-and-occlusal-characteristics-among-4-to-12-year-old-institutionalized-orphan-children-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#18
Salwa A AlSadhan, Asma M Al-Jobair
The aim of this study was to assess the oral habit practices, dental trauma, and occlusal characteristics of 4- to 12-year-old orphans living in governmental orphanages in Riyadh. This cross-sectional study was conducted in three government orphanages and three ordinary schools. All 90 orphans, residing in the orphanage, were included. Ninety schoolchildren were selected to serve as the controls. Demographic data, oral habit history, and dental trauma history were obtained through a questionnaire. All children were examined to confirm the presence of signs of oral habits, dental trauma, and associated occlusal characteristics...
April 27, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105003/outcome-of-fetuses-with-supratentorial-extra-axial-intracranial-cysts-a-systematic-review
#19
Aly Youssef, Francesco D'Antonio, Asma Khalil, Aris T Papageorghiou, Andrea Ciardulli, Antonio Lanzone, Giuseppe Rizzo, Basky Thilaganathan, Gianluigi Pilu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of associated anomalies, aneuploidy, cyst progression, need for surgery and neurodevelopmental outcome in fetuses with extra-axial supratentorial intracranial cysts. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase and CINAHL databases were searched and the following outcomes analyzed: associated central nervous system (CNS) and extra-CNS anomalies detected at the scan, chromosomal anomalies, additional CNS anomalies detected only at prenatal MRI, additional CNS anomalies detected only after birth, cyst progression in utero, neurological outcome and need for surgery...
2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068408/east-mediterranean-region-sickle-cell-disease-mortality-trial-retrospective-multicenter-cohort-analysis-of-735-patients
#20
Pelin Kardaş Karacaoglu, Suheyl Asma, Aslı Korur, Soner Solmaz, Nurhilal Turgut Buyukkurt, Cigdem Gereklioglu, Mutlu Kasar, Demircan Ozbalcı, Selma Unal, Hasan Kaya, Emel Gurkan, Mahmut Yeral, Çagla Sariturk, Can Boga, Hakan Ozdogu
Sickle cell disease (SCD), one of the most common genetic disorders worldwide, is characterized by hemolytic anemia and tissue damage from the rigid red blood cells. Although hydroxyurea and transfusion therapy are administered to treat the accompanying tissue injury, whether either one prolongs the lifespan of patients with SCD is unknown. SCD-related mortality data are available, but there are few studies on mortality-related factors based on evaluations of surviving patients. In addition, ethnic variability in patient registries has complicated detailed analyses...
May 2016: Annals of Hematology
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