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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721697/spectrum-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-oman-from-childhood-to-adulthood
#1
Asma Al Rasbi, Eiman Abdalla, Rabab Sultan, Nasreen Abdullah, Juma Al Kaabi, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Reem Abdwani
SLE is a disease that mainly affects women of childbearing age, however, a total of 15-20% of cases present in children. Although adult onset SLE (aSLE) and childhood onset SLE (cSLE) share the same diagnostic criteria, differences have been identified. The aim of this study is to compare the similarities and differences in between cSLE and aSLE in an Arab population from Oman. We evaluated 225 SLE patients, 139 adults and 86 children, who fulfilled the criteria for diagnosis. At disease onset, 99% of SLE cohort fulfilled the SLICC criteria; however the ACR 1997 criteria were fulfilled in 66% aSLE and 80% cSLE...
May 2, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707929/the-persian-version-of-fertility-adjustment-scale-psychometric-properties
#2
Asma Tiyuri, Seyyed Abolfazl Vagharseyyedin, Marziyeh Torshizi, Najmeh Bahramian, Morteza Hajihosseini
Background: Infertility is a common clinical problem. Psychological adjustment to infertility refers to changing the viewpoint and attitude of an infertile person toward infertility problems, treatments and possible outcomes. The present study aims to prepare a valid and reliable scale for assessing the psychological adjustment to infertility, by determining the cultural adaptation, validity and reliability of the Persian version of the Fertility Adjustment Scale. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study performed to localize and validate the Fertility Adjustment Scale, in which 40 infertile women and 40 healthy subjects (fertile or having children) were detected by a gynecologist and the subjects who completed the Fertility Adjustment Scale (FAS) questionnaire were recruited...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696053/psychological-signs-as-the-only-presentation-of-wilson-s-disease-in-an-11-year-old-boy
#3
Mehran Beiraghi Toosi, Javad Akhondian, Farah Ashraf Zadeh, Nahid Donyadideh, Asma Javid
Wilson's disease (WD) is a rare autosomal recessive disease due to copper metabolism disturbance. The clinical presentation spectrum of Wilson's disease is wide and initial findings of the disease depend on the organ involved. Neurologic disorders can develop insidiously or precipitously with intention tremor, dysarthria, rigid dystonia, Parkinsonism, deterioration in school performance or behavioral changes. This article is presenting an 11-yr old boy with chief complaint of falling and upper limb spasm. He referred to the Neurology Department, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, northeastern Iran in 2016...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682577/common-issues-seen-in-paediatric-diabetes-clinics-psychological-formulations-and-related-approaches-to-management
#4
REVIEW
Asma Deeb, Mariette Akle, Abdulla Al Ozairi, Fergus Cameron
Diabetes is a chronic disease and its management is associated with multiple challenges. This is particularly the case in children and adolescents. Factors that contribute to difficulties in managing diabetes in youth include psychological characteristics, family dynamics, and social behavior. The purpose of this article is to highlight some psychological issues in children and adolescents with diabetes. We aim to present selected case scenarios encountered by health professionals and to provide tips on strategies for managing psychological aspect of diabetes...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607829/fatal-outcome-of-recurrent-infantile-pelvic-desmoid-tumor-treated-with-tamoxifene
#5
Lamiae Amaadour, Zineb Benbrahim, Othmane Zouiten, Nezar Bourdi, Youssef Lamrani Alaoui, Asmae El Mazti, Nawal Hammas, Nawfel Mellas
Desmoid tumors are rare benign neoplasms with an aggressive local growth. In children, intra-abdominal localization is less frequent and few reports exist in the literature about the management of DTs in those special patients. In our report, we describe a case of a 13-year old patient with a bifocal intra-abdominal DT, treated unsuccessfully with tamoxifene, and we discuss briefly the existing literature data.
January 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607558/outcome-reporting-across-randomised-trials-and-observational-studies-evaluating-treatments-for-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Helen Perry, James M N Duffy, Ogochukwu Umadia, Asma Khalil
BACKGROUND: Twin-Twin Transfusion syndrome is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Potential treatments require robust evaluation. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcome reporting across observational studies and randomised controlled trials assessing treatments for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). METHODS: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE and Medline were searched from inception to August 2016. Observational studies and randomised controlled trials reporting outcomes following a treatment for TTTS in monochorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancies and monochorionic-triamniotic or dichorionic-triamniotic triplet pregnancies were included...
April 1, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601092/different-visual-development-norms-for-visual-acuity-in-children-with-down-s-syndrome
#7
Asma Aa Zahidi, Valldeflors Vinuela-Navarro, J Margaret Woodhouse
BACKGROUND: Visual acuity is known to be poorer in children with Down's syndrome than in age-matched controls. However, to date, clinicians do not have access to norms for children with Down's syndrome that allow differential discrimination of healthy from anomalous visual development in this population. METHODS: The Down's Syndrome Vision Research Unit at Cardiff University has been monitoring visual development in a large cohort of children since 1992. Cross-sectional data on binocular visual acuity were retrospectively analysed for 159 children up to 12 years of age in order to establish binocular acuity norms...
March 30, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493127/options-for-fertility-preservation-in-children
#8
Asma Javed, Zaraq Khan, Siobhan T Pittock, Jani R Jensen
Fertility preservation therapies can conserve future reproductive potential for persons facing serious medical diagnoses. With cure rates for childhood cancer reaching almost 80%, quality-of-life concerns for long-term survivors, including future parenting, are becoming more pertinent. Late effects of childhood cancer can be divided into physical, social, psychological, and spiritual domains. Potential loss of fertility threatens the well-being of these children in all these domains. Providers often hesitate to discuss fertility preservation with the patients...
March 2018: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447813/long-term-outcomes-of-universiti-kebangsaan-malaysia-cochlear-implant-program-among-pediatric-implantees
#9
Bee-See Goh, Noraziana Fadzilah, Asma Abdullah, Basyariatul Fathi Othman, Cila Umat
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implant (CI) greatly enhances auditory performance as compared to hearing aids and has dramatically affected the educational and communication outcomes for profoundly deaf children. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) pioneered CI program in 1995 in the South East Asia. We would like to report the long-term outcomes of UKM paediatric cochlear implantation in terms of: the proportion of children who were implanted and still using the device, the children's modes of communication, their educational placements, and their functional auditory/oral performance...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422477/parental-presence-absence-in-the-dental-operatory-as-a-behavior-management-technique-a-review-and-modified-view
#10
Hicham Riba, Asma Al-Shahrani, Hayat Al-Ghutaimel, Adel Al-Otaibi, Salim Al-Kahtani
INTRODUCTION: Parental presence/absence in the dental operatory (also called: Parent-in-parent-out technique) is an extremely controversial aspect of the nonpharmacological BMTs. Historically, dentists used to exclude parents from dental operatory to avoid their interference with the dentist's aptitude to build a rapport and relationship with the child, hence increasing the child management problems by disrupting treatment and making the dentist unfocused and uncomfortable. AIM: The purpose of this article is to review and emphasize on the importance of parental presence/absence in the dental operatory, especially in a certain age group, as a behavior management technique (BMT) in pediatric dentistry, and to present a modified view of this technique...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342981/current-evidence-on-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children-what-does-the-evidence-from-saudi-arabia-tell-us
#11
Asma M Alaklabi, Naser A Alsharairi
Obesity and vitamin D deficiency represent major health problems among Saudi children, and have been linked to chronic diseases. Obese children are at risk of developing vitamin D deficiency, which appears to have negative influences on energy homeostasis, impeded bone mineralisation, insulin resistance and inflammation. Evidence supporting the association between vitamin D deficiency of obese children and metabolic syndrome has not specifically been studied in early childhood. The mechanisms through which vitamin D deficiency is associated with metabolic syndrome in obese children needs further elucidation...
January 15, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277142/carriage-of-multidrug-resistant-bacteria-among-pediatric-patients-before-and-during-their-hospitalization-in-a-tertiary-pediatric-unit-in-tunisia
#12
Miniar Tfifha, Asma Ferjani, Manel Mallouli, Nesrine Mlika, Saoussen Abroug, Jalel Boukadida
The pandemic spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria (i.e., methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBLPE), vancomycin-resistant enterococci, carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE), multiresistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii) pose a threat to healthcare Worldwide. We found limited data of MDR bacteria in pediatric patients hospitalized in Tunisian tertiary healthcare.The aim of the study is to evaluate the acquisition rate of MDR acquisition during hospitalization and to explore some of the associated risk factors for both carriage and acquisition at the pediatric department, Sahloul University Hospital...
December 2018: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258491/dental-and-medical-health-status-and-oral-health-knowledge-among-visually-impaired-and-sighted-female-schoolchildren-in-riyadh-a-comparative-study
#13
Salwa A AlSadhan, Asma M Al-Jobair, Mariam Bafaqeeh, Hanadi Abusharifa, Maram Alagla
BACKGROUND: The impact of visual impairment on oral health in the literature is inconclusive, and the available information on the medical and dental health status of visually impaired children is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dental and medical health status, and to assess the oral health knowledge of visually impaired girls aged 6-12 years, and compare them to that of sighted children. METHODS: This analytical cross-sectional study was carried out on 79 visually impaired and 83 age-matched sighted female primary school children...
December 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247051/viruses-causing-lower-respiratory-symptoms-in-young-children-findings-from-the-orchid-birth-cohort
#14
Mohinder Sarna, Stephen B Lambert, Theo P Sloots, David M Whiley, Asma Alsaleh, Lebogang Mhango, Seweryn Bialasiewicz, David Wang, Michael D Nissen, Keith Grimwood, Robert S Ware
INTRODUCTION: Viral acute respiratory infections (ARIs) cause substantial child morbidity. Sensitive molecular-based assays aid virus detection, but the clinical significance of positive tests remains uncertain as some viruses may be found in both acutely ill and healthy children. We describe disease-pathogen associations of respiratory viruses and quantify virus-specific attributable risk of ARIs in healthy children during the first 2 years of life. METHODS: One hundred fifty-eight term newborn babies in Brisbane, Australia, were recruited progressively into a longitudinal, community-based, birth cohort study conducted between September 2010 and October 2014...
December 15, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243862/effects-of-sodium-benzoate-a-commonly-used-food-preservative-on-learning-memory-and-oxidative-stress-in-brain-of-mice
#15
Mohammad Javad Khoshnoud, Asma Siavashpour, Mojgan Bakhshizadeh, Marzieh Rashedinia
Sodium benzoate (SB) is a widely used preservative and antimicrobial substance in many foods and soft drinks. However, this compound is generally recognized as safe food additives, but evidence has suggested that a high intake of SB may link to attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder in children. Present study investigate the effects of oral administration of different concentrations of SB (0.56, 1.125, and 2.25 mg/mL) for 4 weeks, on the learning and memory performance tests, and also the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH), and acetylcholinesterase activity (AChE) in the mouse brain...
February 2018: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204299/diabetes-mellitus-secondary-to-acute-pancreatitis-in-a-child-with-wolf-hirschhorn-syndrome
#16
Asma Deeb
Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome (WHS) is a rare genetic disease caused by deletion in the short arm of chromosome 4. It is characterized by typical fascial features and a varying degree of intellectual disabilities and multiple systemic involvement. Epidemiological studies confirmed the association of acute pancreatitis with the development of diabetes. However, this association has not been reported in WHS. We report an 18-year-old girl with WHS who presented acutely with nonketotic Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Status (HHS) in association with severe acute pancreatitis...
2017: Case Reports in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176023/the-role-of-enterovirus-infections-in-type-1-diabetes-in-tunisia
#17
Imen Boussaid, Asma Boumiza, Ramzi Zemni, Elyes Chabchoub, Latifa Gueddah, Ines Slim, Foued Ben Hadj Slama
BACKGROUND: Enteroviral infections have long been suspected in having a role in β cell destruction and therefore leading to the onset of clinical type 1 diabetes (T1D). The frequency of enterovirus (EV)-related T1D in North Africa is still unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between infection with EV and T1D in Tunisia. METHODS: A total of 95 T1D patients (41 children and 54 adults) and 141 healthy control subjects (57 children and 84 adults) were tested for the presence of EV-RNA by a highly sensitive nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029837/a-review-of-current-evidence-regarding-the-icd-11-proposals-for-diagnosing-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd
#18
REVIEW
Chris R Brewin, Marylène Cloitre, Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin, Andreas Maercker, Richard A Bryant, Asma Humayun, Lynne M Jones, Ashraf Kagee, Cécile Rousseau, Daya Somasundaram, Yuriko Suzuki, Simon Wessely, Mark van Ommeren, Geoffrey M Reed
The World Health Organization's proposals for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases, scheduled for release in 2018, involve a very brief set of symptoms and a distinction between two sibling disorders, PTSD and Complex PTSD. This review of studies conducted to test the validity and implications of the diagnostic proposals generally supports the proposed 3-factor structure of PTSD symptoms, the 6-factor structure of Complex PTSD symptoms, and the distinction between PTSD and Complex PTSD...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025203/impact-of-targeted-education-on-managing-warning-and-error-signals-by-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-using-the-accu-chek-combo-insulin-pump-system
#19
Asma Deeb, Nabras Al Qahtani, Amal Al Ali, Mariette Akle
PURPOSE: Insulin pumps are widely used in diabetes. They are equipped with safety alarms to alert users. Pump manuals contain alarm codes and how to troubleshoot them. However, these manuals are lengthy and difficult to use, particularly in emergencies. We aim to assess the impact of targeted education on warnings and errors in improving competency to troubleshoot the alarms. METHODS: Twenty-one patients, with a median age of 13, were recruited over a 5-month period...
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927487/ultrasonically-dispersed-ionic-liquid-based-microextraction-of-lead-in-biological-samples-of-malnourished-children-prior-to-analysis-by-flame-atomic-absorption-spectrometry
#20
Sehrish Talpur, Tasneem Gul Kazi, Hassan Imran Afridi, Farah Naz Talpur, Sooraj Nizamani, Anjum Lashari, Asma Akhtar, Mustafa Khan
In the present study, a simple ultrasonically dispersed modified liquid-phase microextraction method was developed for the extraction of lead (Pb) from blood and scalp hair samples of malnourished children (MNC). The complexation of Pb was executed by means of the complexing agent, ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (APDC), whereas extraction was carried out through the ionic liquid (IL), 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate. Ultrasound energy was used for the dispersion and extraction of the metal complex into an IL because it enhances the extraction of the metal complex into infinite IL drops at a temperature range of 40–80°C for 1–5 min...
September 19, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
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