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Richard A Young

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222532/acute-solar-retinopathy-imaged-with-adaptive-optics-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-and-en-face-optical-coherence-tomography
#1
Chris Y Wu, Michael E Jansen, Jorge Andrade, Toco Y P Chui, Anna T Do, Richard B Rosen, Avnish Deobhakta
Importance: Solar retinopathy is a rare form of retinal injury that occurs after direct sungazing. Objective: To enhance understanding of the structural changes that occur in solar retinopathy by obtaining high-resolution in vivo en face images. Design, Setting, and Participant: Case report of a young adult woman who presented to the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary with symptoms of acute solar retinopathy after viewing the solar eclipse on August 21, 2017...
December 7, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220675/exome-wide-association-study-identifies-greb1l-mutations-in-congenital-kidney-malformations
#2
Simone Sanna-Cherchi, Kamal Khan, Rik Westland, Priya Krithivasan, Lorraine Fievet, Hila Milo Rasouly, Iuliana Ionita-Laza, Valentina P Capone, David A Fasel, Krzysztof Kiryluk, Sitharthan Kamalakaran, Monica Bodria, Edgar A Otto, Matthew G Sampson, Christopher E Gillies, Virginia Vega-Warner, Katarina Vukojevic, Igor Pediaditakis, Gabriel S Makar, Adele Mitrotti, Miguel Verbitsky, Jeremiah Martino, Qingxue Liu, Young-Ji Na, Vinicio Goj, Gianluigi Ardissino, Maddalena Gigante, Loreto Gesualdo, Magdalena Janezcko, Marcin Zaniew, Cathy Lee Mendelsohn, Shirlee Shril, Friedhelm Hildebrandt, Joanna A E van Wijk, Adela Arapovic, Marijan Saraga, Landino Allegri, Claudia Izzi, Francesco Scolari, Velibor Tasic, Gian Marco Ghiggeri, Anna Latos-Bielenska, Anna Materna-Kiryluk, Shrikant Mane, David B Goldstein, Richard P Lifton, Nicholas Katsanis, Erica E Davis, Ali G Gharavi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216768/a-mysterious-case-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-in-a-9-year-old-girl
#3
Angela Burian, Othmar Schuhfried, Richard Crevenna
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical manifestation and the treatment of complex regional pain syndrome type II in childhood. METHODS: Using information on the symptoms, diagnosis, rehabilitation and outcome of a young patient with complex regional pain syndrome type II. RESULTS: A 9-year -old girl had severe pain in the region of the left foot, signs of a common fibular nerve entrapment, hyperalgesia not limited to the distribution of the injured nerve, weakness and temperature asymmetry unknown origin...
December 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212934/influenza-a-virus-reassortment-is-limited-by-anatomical-compartmentalization-following-co-infection-via-distinct-routes
#4
Mathilde Richard, Sander Herfst, Hui Tao, Nathan T Jacobs, Anice C Lowen
Exchange of gene segments through reassortment is a major feature of influenza A virus evolution and frequently contributes to the emergence of novel epidemic, pandemic and zoonotic strains. It has long been evident that viral diversification through reassortment is constrained by genetic incompatibility between divergent parental viruses. In contrast, the role of virus-extrinsic factors in determining the likelihood of reassortment has remained unclear. To evaluate the impact of such factors in the absence of confounding effects of segment mismatch, we previously reported an approach in which reassortment between wild-type (wt) and genetically tagged variant (var) viruses of the same strain is measured...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207321/a-multi-institutional-registry-of-pediatric-hospital-acquired-thrombosis-cases-the-children-s-hospital-acquired-thrombosis-chat-project
#5
Julie Jaffray, Arash Mahajerin, Guy Young, Neil Goldenberg, Lingyun Ji, Richard Sposto, Amy Stillings, Emily Krava, Brian Branchford
BACKGROUND: Pediatric hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism (HA-VTE) rates have increased dramatically. To achieve generalizable knowledge in the derivation and validation of HA-VTE risk factors and risk prediction models and inform future risk-stratified prevention strategies, multi-institutional studies are needed. OBJECTIVES: This paper presents an investigator-initiated, multicenter pediatric case-cohort study designed to identify risk factors for HA-VTE to create a HA-VTE risk prediction model...
December 1, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205678/perioperative-management-of-gastrostomy-tube-placement-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-a-role-for-a-perioperative-surgical-home
#6
Ariane Boivin, Richard Antonelli, Navil F Sethna
BACKGROUND: In past decades, Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients have been living longer and as the disease advances, patients experience multisystemic deterioration. Older patients often require gastrostomy tube placement for nutritional support. For optimizing the perioperative care, a practice of multidisciplinary team can better anticipate, prevent, and manage possible complications and reduce the overall perioperative morbidity and mortality. AIMS: The aim of this study was to review our experience with perioperative care of adolescent and young adults with Duchenne muscular dystrophy undergoing gastrostomy by various surgical approaches in order to identify challenges and improve future perioperative care coordination to reduce morbidity...
December 5, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205054/best-practices-protocol-for-the-evaluation-of-bulbar-dysfunction-summary-recommendations-from-the-neals-bulbar-subcommittee-symposium
#7
Gary L Pattee, Emily K Plowman, Benjamin R Brooks, James D Berry, Nazem Atassi, Jennifer L Chapin, Kendrea Garand, Yana Yunusova, Courtney E Mcilduff, Eufrosina Young, John M Costello, Eric A Macklin, Eduardo R Locatelli, Vincenzo Silani, Daragh Heitzman, James Wymer, Stephen A Goutman, Deborah F Gelinas, Richard Smith, Bridget Perry, Paige Nalipinski, Kaila Stipancic, Meghan O'Brien, Stacey L Sullivan, Jordan Green
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this Symposium was to develop a consensus based, bulbar assessment protocol for implementation within NEALS clinics. METHODS: A one-day symposium, held in April 2017, was organized into Speech and Swallowing sections to establish summary recommendations for the assessment of bulbar dysfunction within each group. RESULTS: Summary recommendations included speech referrals and AAC evaluations at initial visit, CNS-BFS, maximum sustained phonation, and speaking rate...
December 5, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202862/coping-with-unusual-experiences-for-12-18-year-olds-cues-a-transdiagnostic-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-therapy-in-reducing-distress-associated-with-unusual-experiences-in-adolescent-mental-health-services-study-protocol-for
#8
Suzanne Jolley, Sophie Browning, Richard Corrigall, Kristin R Laurens, Colette Hirsch, Karen Bracegirdle, Kimberley Gin, Francesca Muccio, Catherine Stewart, Partha Banerjea, Elizabeth Kuipers, Philippa Garety, Majella Byrne, Juliana Onwumere, Evanthia Achilla, Paul McCrone, Richard Emsley
BACKGROUND: Childhood 'unusual experiences' (such as hearing voices that others cannot, or suspicions of being followed) are common, but can become more distressing during adolescence, especially for young people in contact with Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). Unusual experiences that are distressing or have adverse life impact (UEDs) are associated with a range of current and future emotional, behavioural and mental health difficulties. Recommendations for psychological intervention are based on evidence from adult studies, with some support from small, pilot, child-specific evaluations...
December 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199115/frequency-and-phenotype-of-type-1-diabetes-in-the-first-six-decades-of-life-a-cross-sectional-genetically-stratified-survival-analysis-from-uk-biobank
#9
Nicholas J Thomas, Samuel E Jones, Michael N Weedon, Beverley M Shields, Richard A Oram, Andrew T Hattersley
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes is typically considered a disease of children and young adults. Genetic susceptibility to young-onset type 1 diabetes is well defined and does not predispose to type 2 diabetes. It is not known how frequently genetic susceptibility to type 1 diabetes leads to a diagnosis of diabetes after age 30 years. We aimed to investigate the frequency and phenotype of type 1 diabetes resulting from high genetic susceptibility in the first six decades of life. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis, we used a type 1 diabetes genetic risk score based on 29 common variants to identify individuals of white European descent in UK Biobank in the half of the population with high or low genetic susceptibility to type 1 diabetes...
November 30, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198906/vaccines-in-shelters-and-group-settings
#10
REVIEW
Richard A Squires
Dogs and cats entering animal shelters are at high risk of acquiring 1 or more contagious infectious diseases. Such animals may be severely stressed, exhausted, and unwell, as well as malnourished and parasitized. The typically high throughput of shelter animals, many of them young and of unknown vaccination status, plays a role. Vaccines are a crucially important part of the management approach to limiting morbidity, mortality, and spread of infection. Guidelines for the use of vaccines in shelters have been published and are reviewed and discussed in this article...
November 29, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197216/early-cognitive-structural-and-microstructural-changes-in-presymptomatic-c9orf72-carriers-younger-than-40-years
#11
Anne Bertrand, Junhao Wen, Daisy Rinaldi, Marion Houot, Sabrina Sayah, Agnès Camuzat, Clémence Fournier, Sabrina Fontanella, Alexandre Routier, Philippe Couratier, Florence Pasquier, Marie-Odile Habert, Didier Hannequin, Olivier Martinaud, Paola Caroppo, Richard Levy, Bruno Dubois, Alexis Brice, Stanley Durrleman, Olivier Colliot, Isabelle Le Ber
Importance: Presymptomatic carriers of chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 (C9orf72) mutation, the most frequent genetic cause of frontotemporal lobar degeneration and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, represent the optimal target population for the development of disease-modifying drugs. Preclinical biomarkers are needed to monitor the effect of therapeutic interventions in this population. Objectives: To assess the occurrence of cognitive, structural, and microstructural changes in presymptomatic C9orf72 carriers...
December 2, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195225/stigma-and-functional-disability-in-relation-to-marriage-and-employment-in-young-people-with-epilepsy-in-rural-tanzania
#12
Jack Goodall, Sabrine Salem, Richard W Walker, William K Gray, Kathryn Burton, Ewan Hunter, Jane Rogathi, Esther Shali, Ali Mohin, Declare Mushi, Stephen Owens
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of childhood epilepsy on social transitioning outcomes for young people with epilepsy (YPWE) living in Tanzania, and to explore influences on these outcomes. METHODS: At six years from baseline, we followed up 84 YPWE and 79 age- sex- and village- matched controls recruited into a case-control study of childhood epilepsy in rural northern Tanzania. Data were collected from interviews with young people and their carers using a structured questionnaire...
November 26, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195125/effects-of-continuation-electroconvulsive-therapy-on-quality-of-life-in-elderly-depressed-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
W Vaughn McCall, Sarah H Lisanby, Peter B Rosenquist, Mary Dooley, Mustafa M Husain, Rebecca G Knapp, Georgios Petrides, Matthew V Rudorfer, Robert C Young, Shawn M McClintock, Martina Mueller, Joan Prudic, Robert M Greenberg, Richard D Weiner, Samuel H Bailine, Nagy A Youssef, Laryssa McCloud, Charles H Kellner
We examined whether electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) plus medications ("STABLE + PHARM" group) had superior HRQOL compared with medications alone ("PHARM" group) as continuation strategy after successful acute right unilateral ECT for major depressive disorder (MDD). We hypothesized that scores from the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36) would be higher during continuation treatment in the "STABLE + PHARM" group versus the "PHARM" group. The overall study design was called "Prolonging Remission in Depressed Elderly" (PRIDE)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194738/cardiac-mr-elastography-using-reduced-fov-single-shot-spin-echo-epi
#14
Yi Sui, Shivaram Poigai Arunachalam, Arvin Arani, Joshua D Trzasko, Phillip M Young, James F Glockner, Kevin J Glaser, David S Lake, Kiaran P McGee, Armando Manduca, Phillip J Rossman, Richard L Ehman, Philip A Araoz
PURPOSE: To implement a reduced field of view (rFOV) technique for cardiac MR elastography (MRE) and to demonstrate the improvement in image quality of both magnitude images and post-processed MRE stiffness maps compared to the conventional full field of view (full-FOV) acquisition. METHODS: With Institutional Review Board approval, 17 healthy volunteers underwent both full-FOV and rFOV cardiac MRE scans using 140-Hz vibrations. Two cardiac radiologists blindly compared the magnitude images and stiffness maps and graded the images based on several image quality attributes using a 5-point ordinal scale...
December 1, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194096/the-interplay-between-genes-and-psychosocial-home-environment-on-physical-activity
#15
Sari Aaltonen, Jaakko Kaprio, Urho M Kujala, Lea Pulkkinen, Richard J Rose, Karri Silventoinen
INTRODUCTION: Genetic factors contribute to individual differences in physical activity, but it remains uncertain whether the magnitude of the genetic effects is modified by variations in home environments. We aimed to examine to what extent the psychosocial home environment in childhood and adolescence modifies the genetic influences on leisure-time physical activity in young adulthood. METHODS: Participants were Finnish twins (N=3,305) who reported their leisure-time physical activity at age 24...
November 29, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190776/large-scale-identification-of-human-cerebrovascular-proteins-inter-tissue-and-intracerebral-vascular-protein-diversity
#16
Soo Jung Lee, Soonhyung Kwon, John R Gatti, Ejona Korcari, Ty E Gresser, Princess C Felix, Simon G Keep, Kevin C Pasquale, Tongxu Bai, Sabrina A Blanchett-Anderson, Nancy W Wu, Charissa Obeng-Nyarko, Kossi M Senagbe, Kathy C Young, Snehaa Maripudi, Bharath C Yalavarthi, Dajana Korcari, Andre Y Liu, Benjamin C Schaffler, Richard F Keep, Michael M Wang
The human cerebrovascular system is responsible for regulating demand-dependent perfusion and maintaining the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In addition, defects in the human cerebrovasculature lead to stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, vascular malformations, and vascular cognitive impairment. The objective of this study was to discover new proteins of the human cerebrovascular system using expression data from the Human Protein Atlas, a large-scale project which allows public access to immunohistochemical analysis of human tissues...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190506/mammographic-density-and-breast-cancer-risk-in-breast-screening-assessment-cases-and-women-with-a-family-history-of-breast-cancer
#17
Stephen W Duffy, Oliver W E Morrish, Prue C Allgood, Richard Black, Maureen G C Gillan, Paula Willsher, Julie Cooke, Karen A Duncan, Michael J Michell, Hilary M Dobson, Roberta Maroni, Yit Y Lim, Hema N Purushothaman, Tamara Suaris, Susan M Astley, Kenneth C Young, Lorraine Tucker, Fiona J Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Mammographic density has been shown to be a strong independent predictor of breast cancer and a causative factor in reducing the sensitivity of mammography. There remain questions as to the use of mammographic density information in the context of screening and risk management, and of the association with cancer in populations known to be at increased risk of breast cancer. AIM: To assess the association of breast density with presence of cancer by measuring mammographic density visually as a percentage, and with two automated volumetric methods, Quantra™ and VolparaDensity™...
November 27, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190387/chronic-hyperandrogenemia-in-the-presence-and-absence-of-a-western-style-diet-impairs-ovarian-and-uterine-structure-function-in-young-adult-rhesus-monkeys
#18
Cecily V Bishop, Emily C Mishler, Diana L Takahashi, Taylor E Reiter, Kise R Bond, Cadence A True, Ov D Slayden, Richard L Stouffer
STUDY QUESTION: Does chronic hyperandrogenemia beginning at menarche, in the absence and presence of a western-style diet (WSD), alter ovarian and uterine structure-function in young adult rhesus monkeys? SUMMARY ANSWER: Phenotypic alterations in ovarian and uterine structure/function were induced by exogenous testosterone (T), and compounded in the presence of a WSD (T+WSD). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Hyperandrogenemia is a well-established component of PCOS and is observed in adolescent girls, indicating a potential pubertal onset of disease symptoms...
November 28, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189108/return-to-work-after-young-stroke-a-systematic-review
#19
Jodi D Edwards, Arunima Kapoor, Elizabeth Linkewich, Richard H Swartz
Background The incidence of stroke in young adults is increasing. While many young survivors are able to achieve a good physical recovery, subtle dysfunction in other domains, such as cognition, often persists, and could affect return to work. However, reported estimates of return to work and factors affecting vocational outcome post-stroke vary greatly. Aims The aims of this systematic review were to determine the frequency of return to work at different time points after stroke and identify predictors of return to work...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180694/anions-for-near-infrared-selective-organic-salt-photovoltaics
#20
Christopher J Traverse, Margaret Young, John Suddard-Bangsund, Tyler Patrick, Matthew Bates, Pei Chen, Brian Wingate, Sophia Y Lunt, Annick Anctil, Richard R Lunt
Organic molecular salts are an emerging and highly tunable class of materials for organic and transparent photovoltaics. In this work, we demonstrate novel phenyl borate and carborane-based anions paired with a near-infrared (NIR)-selective heptamethine cation. We further explore the effects of anion structures and functional groups on both device performance and physical properties. Changing the functional groups on the anion significantly alters the open circuit voltage and yields a clear dependence on electron withdrawing groups...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
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