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Richard A Young

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034437/management-of-early-anal-cancer-need-for-guidelines-and-standardisation
#1
Michael P Jones, Susan Carroll, Jarad Martin, Richard Hillman, Andrew Grulich, Dianne O'Connell, Christopher Young, Isobel Mary Poynten
PURPOSE: The optimal management of early squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal (AC) is yet to be determined. This study investigated current practice in the management of early AC. METHODS: A patterns of care survey was completed by Australian surgeons and radiation oncologists. Specific topics addressed were as follows: geographical location of practice, staging of disease, treatment approaches to T1N0 tumours and grade 3 anal intra-epithelial neoplasia (AIN3) lesions, radiotherapy planning, toxicities, follow-up and clinical trial involvement...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032628/diet-quality-and-risk-of-stunting-among-infants-and-young-children-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
Julia Krasevec, Xiaoyi An, Richard Kumapley, France Bégin, Edward A Frongillo
Age-appropriate complementary feeding practices are far from optimal among low- and middle-income countries with available data. The evidence on the association between feeding practices and linear growth is mixed. We sought to systematically examine the association between two indictors of dietary quality-dietary diversity and animal source food (ASF) consumption (WHO, 2008)-and stunting (length-for-age z-score) employing existing data from 39 Demographic and Health Surveys. Data on 74,548 children aged 6-23 months were pooled and multiple logistic regression models, adjusting for child, maternal, and household characteristics, employed to assess the association between dietary quality and stunting...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032623/complementary-feeding-practices-current-global-and-regional-estimates
#3
Jessica M White, France Bégin, Richard Kumapley, Colleen Murray, Julia Krasevec
Insufficient quantities and inadequate quality of complementary foods, together with poor feeding practices, pose a threat to children's health and nutrition. Interventions to improve complementary feeding are critical to reduce all forms of malnutrition, and access to data to ascertain the status of complementary feeding practices is essential for efforts to improve feeding behaviours. However, sufficient data to generate estimates for the core indicators covering the complementary feeding period only became available recently...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030403/new-blood-pressure-associated-loci-identified-in-meta-analyses-of-475%C3%A2-000-individuals
#4
Aldi T Kraja, James P Cook, Helen R Warren, Praveen Surendran, Chunyu Liu, Evangelos Evangelou, Alisa K Manning, Niels Grarup, Fotios Drenos, Xueling Sim, Albert Vernon Smith, Najaf Amin, Alexandra I F Blakemore, Jette Bork-Jensen, Ivan Brandslund, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Cristiano Fava, Teresa Ferreira, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Ayush Giri, Franco Giulianini, Megan L Grove, Xiuqing Guo, Sarah E Harris, Christian T Have, Aki S Havulinna, He Zhang, Marit E Jørgensen, AnneMari Käräjämäki, Charles Kooperberg, Allan Linneberg, Louis Little, Yongmei Liu, Lori L Bonnycastle, Yingchang Lu, Reedik Mägi, Anubha Mahajan, Giovanni Malerba, Riccardo E Marioni, Hao Mei, Cristina Menni, Alanna C Morrison, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Walter Palmas, Alaitz Poveda, Rainer Rauramaa, Nigel William Rayner, Muhammad Riaz, Ken Rice, Melissa A Richard, Jennifer A Smith, Lorraine Southam, Alena Stančáková, Kathleen E Stirrups, Vinicius Tragante, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Tibor V Varga, Stefan Weiss, Andrianos M Yiorkas, Robin Young, Weihua Zhang, Michael R Barnes, Claudia P Cabrera, He Gao, Michael Boehnke, Eric Boerwinkle, John C Chambers, John M Connell, Cramer K Christensen, Rudolf A de Boer, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Panos Deloukas, Anna F Dominiczak, Marcus Dörr, Roby Joehanes, Todd L Edwards, Tõnu Esko, Myriam Fornage, Nora Franceschini, Paul W Franks, Giovanni Gambaro, Leif Groop, Göran Hallmans, Torben Hansen, Caroline Hayward, Oksa Heikki, Erik Ingelsson, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Jaspal S Kooner, Timo A Lakka, Claudia Langenberg, Lars Lind, Ruth J F Loos, Markku Laakso, Mark I McCarthy, Olle Melander, Karen L Mohlke, Andrew P Morris, Colin N A Palmer, Oluf Pedersen, Ozren Polasek, Neil R Poulter, Michael A Province, Bruce M Psaty, Paul M Ridker, Jerome I Rotter, Igor Rudan, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Peter J Sever, Tea Skaaby, Jeanette M Stafford, John M Starr, Pim van der Harst, Peter van der Meer, Cornelia M van Duijn, Anne-Claire Vergnaud, Vilmundur Gudnason, Nicholas J Wareham, James G Wilson, Cristen J Willer, Daniel R Witte, Eleftheria Zeggini, Danish Saleheen, Adam S Butterworth, John Danesh, Folkert W Asselbergs, Louise V Wain, Georg B Ehret, Daniel I Chasman, Mark J Caulfield, Paul Elliott, Cecilia M Lindgren, Daniel Levy, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Patricia B Munroe, Joanna M M Howson
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies have recently identified >400 loci that harbor DNA sequence variants that influence blood pressure (BP). Our earlier studies identified and validated 56 single nucleotide variants (SNVs) associated with BP from meta-analyses of exome chip genotype data. An additional 100 variants yielded suggestive evidence of association. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here, we augment the sample with 140 886 European individuals from the UK Biobank, in whom 77 of the 100 suggestive SNVs were available for association analysis with systolic BP or diastolic BP or pulse pressure...
October 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028651/endoscopic-conduit-harvest-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-an-ismics-systematic-review-and-consensus-conference-statements
#5
Francis D Ferdinand, John K MacDonald, Husam H Balkhy, Gianluigi Bisleri, Ho Young Hwang, Patricia Northrup, Richard H J Trimlett, Lai Wei, Bob B Kiaii
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this consensus conference was to develop and update evidence-informed consensus statements and recommendations on harvesting saphenous vein and radial artery via an open as compared with endoscopic technique by systematically reviewing and performing a meta-analysis of randomized and nonrandomized clinical trials. METHODS: All randomized controlled trials and nonrandomized controlled trials included in the first the International Society for Minimally Invasive Cardiothoracic Surgery Consensus Conference and Statements, in 2005 up to November 30, 2015, were included in a systematic review and meta-analysis...
October 13, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024822/pubertally-initiated-high-fat-diet-promotes-mammary-tumorigenesis-in-obesity-prone-fvb-mice-similarly-to-obesity-resistant-balb-c-mice
#6
Yirong Zhu, Mark D Aupperlee, Sandra Z Haslam, Richard C Schwartz
Premenopausal breast cancer is associated with increased animal fat consumption among normal-weight but not overweight women. Our previous findings in obesity-resistant BALB/c mice showed that a diet high in saturated animal fat (HFD) promotes mammary tumorigenesis in both DMBA carcinogenesis and Trp53-null transplant models. Having made these observations in BALB/c mice, which have very modest HFD weight gain, we determined the effects of HFD in FVB mice, which gain significant weight on HFD. Three-week-old FVB mice fed a low-fat diet or HFD were subjected to 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-induced carcinogenesis...
October 9, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024728/tablet-coating-by-injection-molding-technology-optimization-of-coating-formulation-attributes-and-coating-process-parameters
#7
Parind M Desai, Vibha Puri, David Brancazio, Bhakti S Halkude, Jeremy E Hartman, Aniket V Wahane, Alexander R Martinez, Keith D Jensen, Eranda Harinath, Richard D Braatz, Jung-Hoon Chun, Bernhardt L Trout
We developed and evaluated a solvent-free injection molding (IM) coating technology that could be suitable for continuous manufacturing via incorporation with IM tableting. Coating formulations (coating polymers and plasticizers) were prepared using hot-melt extrusion and screened via stress-strain analysis employing a universal testing machine. Selected coating formulations were studied for their melt flow characteristics. Tablets were coated using a vertical injection molding unit. Process parameters like softening temperature, injection pressure, and cooling temperature played a very important role in IM coating processing...
October 9, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024035/the-role-of-human-papillomavirus-in-p16-positive-oral-cancers
#8
Simone Belobrov, Alyssa M Cornall, Richard J Young, Kendrick Koo, Christopher Angel, David Wiesenfeld, Danny Rischin, Suzanne M Garland, Michael McCullough
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to identify the presence and frequency of human papillomavirus (HPV) nucleic acid in p16 positive oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC), to assess if the virus were transcriptionally active, and to assess the utility of p16 overexpression as a surrogate marker for HPV in OSCC. METHODS: Forty-six OSCC patients treated between 2007 and 2011 with available formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) specimens were included. Twenty-three patients were positive for p16 by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and these were matched with 23 patients with p16 negative tumours...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022106/minimally-invasive-adrenalectomy-for-adrenocortical-carcinoma-five-year-trends-and-predictors-of-conversion
#9
Natalie A Calcatera, Chi Hsiung-Wang, Nicholas R Suss, David J Winchester, Tricia A Moo-Young, Richard A Prinz
BACKGROUND: Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is rare but often fatal. Surgery offers the only chance of cure. As minimally invasive (MI) procedures for cancer become common, their role for ACC is still debated. We reviewed usage of MI approaches for ACC over time and risk factors for conversion using a large national database. METHODS: ACC patients with localized disease were identified in the National Cancer Data Base from 2010 to 2014. A retrospective review examined trends in the surgical approach over time...
October 11, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021841/2017-hrs-ehra-ecas-aphrs-solaece-expert-consensus-statement-on-catheter-and-surgical-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-executive-summary
#10
Hugh Calkins, Gerhard Hindricks, Riccardo Cappato, Young-Hoon Kim, Eduardo B Saad, Luis Aguinaga, Joseph G Akar, Vinay Badhwar, Josep Brugada, John Camm, Peng-Sheng Chen, Shih-Ann Chen, Mina K Chung, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Anne B Curtis, D Wyn Davies, John D Day, André d'Avila, N M S Natasja de Groot, Luigi Di Biase, Mattias Duytschaever, James R Edgerton, Kenneth A Ellenbogen, Patrick T Ellinor, Sabine Ernst, Guilherme Fenelon, Edward P Gerstenfeld, David E Haines, Michel Haissaguerre, Robert H Helm, Elaine Hylek, Warren M Jackman, Jose Jalife, Jonathan M Kalman, Josef Kautzner, Hans Kottkamp, Karl Heinz Kuck, Koichiro Kumagai, Richard Lee, Thorsten Lewalter, Bruce D Lindsay, Laurent Macle, Moussa Mansour, Francis E Marchlinski, Gregory F Michaud, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Andrea Natale, Stanley Nattel, Ken Okumura, Douglas Packer, Evgeny Pokushalov, Matthew R Reynolds, Prashanthan Sanders, Mauricio Scanavacca, Richard Schilling, Claudio Tondo, Hsuan-Ming Tsao, Atul Verma, David J Wilber, Teiichi Yamane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021228/immune-reconstitution-and-survival-of-100-scid-patients-post-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-a-pidtc-natural-history-study
#11
Jennifer Heimall, Brent R Logan, Morton J Cowan, Luigi D Notarangelo, Linda M Griffith, Jennifer M Puck, Donald B Kohn, Michael A Pulsipher, Suhag Parikh, Caridad Martinez, Neena Kapoor, Richard O'Reilly, Michael Boyer, Sung-Yun Pai, Frederick Goldman, Lauri Burroughs, Sharat Chandra, Morris Kletzel, Monica Thakar, James Connelly, Geoff Cuvelier, Blachy Davila, Evan Shereck, Alan Knutsen, Kathleen E Sullivan, Kenneth DeSantes, Alfred Gillio, Elie Haddad, Aleksandra Petrovic, Troy Quigg, Angela R Smith, Elizabeth Stenger, Ziyan Yin, William T Shearer, Thomas Fleisher, Rebecca H Buckley, Christopher C Dvorak
The Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium (PIDTC) is enrolling children with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) to a prospective natural history study. We analyzed patients treated with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) from 2010-2014, including 68 with typical SCID and 32 with leaky SCID, Omenn Syndrome or Reticular Dysgenesis. Most (59%) were diagnosed by newborn screening or family history. The 2-year overall survival (OS) was 90%but was 95% for those infection-free at HCT vs...
October 11, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020639/associations-between-immunological-function-and-memory-recall-in-healthy-adults
#12
Grace Y Wang, Tamasin Taylor, Alexander Sumich, Fabrice Merien, Robert Borotkanics, Wendy Wrapson, Chris Krägeloh, Richard J Siegert
Studies in clinical and aging populations support associations between immunological function, cognition and mood, although these are not always in line with animal models. Moreover, very little is known about the relationship between immunological measures and cognition in healthy young adults. The present study tested associations between the state of immune system and memory recall in a group of relatively healthy adults. Immediate and delayed memory recall was assessed in 30 participants using the computerised cognitive battery...
October 8, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020632/activation-of-the-p53-transcriptional-program-sensitizes-cancer-cells-to-cdk7-inhibitors
#13
Sampada Kalan, Ramon Amat, Miriam Merzel Schachter, Nicholas Kwiatkowski, Brian J Abraham, Yanke Liang, Tinghu Zhang, Calla M Olson, Stéphane Larochelle, Richard A Young, Nathanael S Gray, Robert P Fisher
Cdk7, the CDK-activating kinase and transcription factor IIH component, is a target of inhibitors that kill cancer cells by exploiting tumor-specific transcriptional dependencies. However, whereas selective inhibition of analog-sensitive (AS) Cdk7 in colon cancer-derived cells arrests division and disrupts transcription, it does not by itself trigger apoptosis efficiently. Here, we show that p53 activation by 5-fluorouracil or nutlin-3 synergizes with a reversible Cdk7(as) inhibitor to induce cell death. Synthetic lethality was recapitulated with covalent inhibitors of wild-type Cdk7, THZ1, or the more selective YKL-1-116...
October 10, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020624/temporal-tracking-of-microglia-activation-in-neurodegeneration-at-single-cell-resolution
#14
Hansruedi Mathys, Chinnakkaruppan Adaikkan, Fan Gao, Jennie Z Young, Elodie Manet, Martin Hemberg, Philip L De Jager, Richard M Ransohoff, Aviv Regev, Li-Huei Tsai
Microglia, the tissue-resident macrophages in the brain, are damage sensors that react to nearly any perturbation, including neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, using single-cell RNA sequencing, we determined the transcriptome of more than 1,600 individual microglia cells isolated from the hippocampus of a mouse model of severe neurodegeneration with AD-like phenotypes and of control mice at multiple time points during progression of neurodegeneration. In this neurodegeneration model, we discovered two molecularly distinct reactive microglia phenotypes that are typified by modules of co-regulated type I and type II interferon response genes, respectively...
October 10, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019962/the-modular-optical-underwater-survey-system
#15
Ruhul Amin, Benjamin L Richards, William F X E Misa, Jeremy C Taylor, Dianna R Miller, Audrey K Rollo, Christopher Demarke, Hanumant Singh, Grace C Young, Jeremy Childress, Justin E Ossolinski, Russell T Reardon, Kyle H Koyanagi
The Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center deploys the Modular Optical Underwater Survey System (MOUSS) to estimate the species-specific, size-structured abundance of commercially-important fish species in Hawaii and the Pacific Islands. The MOUSS is an autonomous stereo-video camera system designed for the in situ visual sampling of fish assemblages. This system is rated to 500 m and its low-light, stereo-video cameras enable identification, counting, and sizing of individuals at a range of 0.5-10 m. The modular nature of MOUSS allows for the efficient and cost-effective use of various imaging sensors, power systems, and deployment platforms...
October 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018518/cardiac-effects-of-lightning-strikes
#16
Theodoros Christophides, Sarosh Khan, Mahmood Ahmad, Hossam Fayed, Richard Bogle
Lightning strikes are a common and leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Multiple organ systems can be involved, though the effects of the electrical current on the cardiovascular system are one of the main modes leading to cardiorespiratory arrest in these patients. Cardiac effects of lightning strikes can be transient or persistent, and include benign or life-threatening arrhythmias, inappropriate therapies from cardiac implantable electronic devices, cardiac ischaemia, myocardial contusion, pericardial disease, aortic injury, as well as cardiomyopathy with associated ventricular failure...
August 2017: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018162/clinical-utility-of-amyloid-pet-imaging-with-18-f-florbetapir-a-retrospective-study-of-100-patients
#17
Christopher James Carswell, Zarni Win, Kirsty Muckle, Angus Kennedy, Adam Waldman, Gemma Dawe, Tara D Barwick, Sameer Khan, Paresh A Malhotra, Richard J Perry
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Amyloid-positron emission tomography (PET) imaging (API) detects amyloid-beta pathology early in the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD) with high sensitivity and specificity. (18)F-florbetapir (Amyvid) is an amyloid-binding PET ligand with a half-life suitable for clinical use outside of the research setting. How API affects patient investigation and management in the 'real-world' arena is unknown. To address this, we retrospectively documented the effect of API in patients in the memory clinic...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018051/phase-iii-heat-study-adding-lyso-thermosensitive-liposomal-doxorubicin-to-radiofrequency-ablation-in-patients-with-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-lesions
#18
Won Young Tak, Shi-Ming Lin, Yijun Wang, Jiasheng Zheng, Aldo Vecchione, Soo Young Park, Min Hua Chen, Stephen Wong, Ruocai Xu, Cheng-Yuan Peng, Yi-You Chiou, Guan-Tarn Huang, Jianqiang Cai, Basri Johan Abdullah, June Sung Lee, Jae Young Lee, Jong Young Choi, Julieta Gopez-Cervantes, Morris Sherman, Richard S Finn, Masao Omata, Michael O'Neal, Lukas Makris, Nicholas Borys, Ronnie Poon, Riccardo Lencioni
PURPOSE: Lyso-thermosensitive liposomal doxorubicin (LTLD) consists of doxorubicin contained within a heat-sensitive liposome. When heated to >=40ºC, LTLD locally releases a high concentration of doxorubicin. We aimed to determine whether adding LTLD improves the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) lesions with a maximum diameter (dmax) of 3 to 7 cm. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The HEAT Study was a randomized, double-blind, dummy-controlled trial of RFA +/- LTLD...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016841/2017%C3%A2-hrs-ehra-ecas-aphrs-solaece-expert-consensus-statement-on-catheter-and-surgical-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-executive-summary
#19
Hugh Calkins, Gerhard Hindricks, Riccardo Cappato, Young-Hoon Kim, Eduardo B Saad, Luis Aguinaga, Joseph G Akar, Vinay Badhwar, Josep Brugada, John Camm, Peng-Sheng Chen, Shih-Ann Chen, Mina K Chung, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Anne B Curtis, D Wyn Davies, John D Day, André d'Avila, N M S Natasja de Groot, Luigi Di Biase, Mattias Duytschaever, James R Edgerton, Kenneth A Ellenbogen, Patrick T Ellinor, Sabine Ernst, Guilherme Fenelon, Edward P Gerstenfeld, David E Haines, Michel Haissaguerre, Robert H Helm, Elaine Hylek, Warren M Jackman, Jose Jalife, Jonathan M Kalman, Josef Kautzner, Hans Kottkamp, Karl Heinz Kuck, Koichiro Kumagai, Richard Lee, Thorsten Lewalter, Bruce D Lindsay, Laurent Macle, Moussa Mansour, Francis E Marchlinski, Gregory F Michaud, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Andrea Natale, Stanley Nattel, Ken Okumura, Douglas Packer, Evgeny Pokushalov, Matthew R Reynolds, Prashanthan Sanders, Mauricio Scanavacca, Richard Schilling, Claudio Tondo, Hsuan-Ming Tsao, Atul Verma, David J Wilber, Teiichi Yamane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016840/2017-hrs-ehra-ecas-aphrs-solaece-expert-consensus-statement-on-catheter-and-surgical-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation
#20
Hugh Calkins, Gerhard Hindricks, Riccardo Cappato, Young-Hoon Kim, Eduardo B Saad, Luis Aguinaga, Joseph G Akar, Vinay Badhwar, Josep Brugada, John Camm, Peng-Sheng Chen, Shih-Ann Chen, Mina K Chung, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Anne B Curtis, D Wyn Davies, John D Day, André d'Avila, N M S Natasja de Groot, Luigi Di Biase, Mattias Duytschaever, James R Edgerton, Kenneth A Ellenbogen, Patrick T Ellinor, Sabine Ernst, Guilherme Fenelon, Edward P Gerstenfeld, David E Haines, Michel Haissaguerre, Robert H Helm, Elaine Hylek, Warren M Jackman, Jose Jalife, Jonathan M Kalman, Josef Kautzner, Hans Kottkamp, Karl Heinz Kuck, Koichiro Kumagai, Richard Lee, Thorsten Lewalter, Bruce D Lindsay, Laurent Macle, Moussa Mansour, Francis E Marchlinski, Gregory F Michaud, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Andrea Natale, Stanley Nattel, Ken Okumura, Douglas Packer, Evgeny Pokushalov, Matthew R Reynolds, Prashanthan Sanders, Mauricio Scanavacca, Richard Schilling, Claudio Tondo, Hsuan-Ming Tsao, Atul Verma, David J Wilber, Teiichi Yamane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
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